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Assessing Health Needs In A Dominican Republic Community During An Interprofessional Service-Learning Trip, Gabriela Andonie, Hanna Rotundo, Ashanti Jones, Logan Dugas, Shylon Francis 2024 ULM

Assessing Health Needs In A Dominican Republic Community During An Interprofessional Service-Learning Trip, Gabriela Andonie, Hanna Rotundo, Ashanti Jones, Logan Dugas, Shylon Francis

Journal of Interprofessional Practice and Collaboration

Purpose: International medical missions may increase access to medicines and care, but international teams must understand local needs to implement appropriate services. In 2023, a multidisciplinary team from our institution partnered with a nonprofit organization in the barrio of Cienfuegos, Dominican Republic with the goal of strengthening local health services. The primary objective of this study was to identify health-related needs in Cienfuegos from the perspective of community members and local health care workers.

Methods: A qualitative study was conducted as part of a service-learning initiative. After obtaining informed consent, the investigators conducted individual semi-structured interviews facilitated by multi-lingual interpreters. …


Concept Analysis: Undergraduate Nursing Student Clinical Performance Anxiety, Maria Gros 2024 Nicholls State University

Concept Analysis: Undergraduate Nursing Student Clinical Performance Anxiety, Maria Gros

Journal of Interprofessional Practice and Collaboration

Concept Analysis: Undergraduate Nursing Student Clinical Performance Anxiety

Maria Gros, MSN, RN, CEN

Department of Nursing, Nicholls State University

Correspondence to: Maria Gros, MSN, RN, CEN. Department of Nursing, Nicholls State University, 906 East 1st Street, Thibodaux, Louisiana, 70301. Phone: 985-448-4730. Email: maria.gros@nicholls.edu

Article type: Original article written in a doctoral course in the Doctorate in Nursing Education at University of West Georgia

Word count: 3023 words

Abstract

Purpose: This paper defines and clarifies clinical performance anxiety (CPA) as it pertains to undergraduate nursing students in the clinical setting. This research also identifies how CPA can be detrimental to …


Phytochemical Assay And In – Vitro Cytotoxicity Assessment Of Cassava Peel (Manihot Esculenta) From Ethanol And Ethyl Acetate Extract Against Cervical Cancer Cells (Hela), Alice Hari Soejono, Surya Dwira, Puji Sari 2024 Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jl. Salemba Raya No.6, Kenari, Kec. Senen, Kota Jakarta Pusat, Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta, 10430, Indonesia

Phytochemical Assay And In – Vitro Cytotoxicity Assessment Of Cassava Peel (Manihot Esculenta) From Ethanol And Ethyl Acetate Extract Against Cervical Cancer Cells (Hela), Alice Hari Soejono, Surya Dwira, Puji Sari

Indonesian Journal of Medical Chemistry and Bioinformatics

Introduction: Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in a woman’s cervix. It is a result of HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) and is one of the deadliest types of cancer. Some cervical cancer management including chemotherapy, which until recently continues to develop to cure the condition, is relatively expensive and comes with multiple different side effects.

Method: Manihot esculenta undergoes multilevel maceration with the solvent of ethanol and ethyl acetate. This leads to the formation of ethanol extract and ethyl acetate extract of Manihot esculenta that is analyzed through phytochemical assay and thin layer chromatography (TLC) to determine …


Hpv Vaccine Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, And Behaviors Among Community College Students: A Scoping Review, E. Pittman, D. Barker, S. Veeramachaneni, B. Suttles, M. Nagra, A. Ford-Wade, M. Kang, H. Allen, M. Barnard 2024 University of Mississippi

Hpv Vaccine Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, And Behaviors Among Community College Students: A Scoping Review, E. Pittman, D. Barker, S. Veeramachaneni, B. Suttles, M. Nagra, A. Ford-Wade, M. Kang, H. Allen, M. Barnard

Faculty and Student Publications

Background: Human Papillomavirus is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. Approximately 42.5 million individuals in the U.S. are infected with disease-associated HPV and 13 million new cases occur every year. It is estimated that 85% of sexually active adults will be infected with HPV at some point during their lifetime. Most individuals infected with HPV are asymptomatic and clear the virus without any complications. However, in some individuals, the virus persists. Prolonged HPV infection has been associated with six different types of cancer and genital warts. There are approximately 37,000 cases of HPV-associated cancers diagnosed annually …


Proteomic Characterization And Cytotoxic Potential Of Proteins From Cuscuta (Cuscuta Epithymum (L.) Crude Herbal Product Against Mcf-7 Human Breast Cancer Cell Line, Umaima Akhtar, Yamna Khurshid, Bishoy El-Aarag, Basir Syed, Ishtiaq A. Khan, Keykavous Parang, Aftab Ahmed 2024 Chapman University

Proteomic Characterization And Cytotoxic Potential Of Proteins From Cuscuta (Cuscuta Epithymum (L.) Crude Herbal Product Against Mcf-7 Human Breast Cancer Cell Line, Umaima Akhtar, Yamna Khurshid, Bishoy El-Aarag, Basir Syed, Ishtiaq A. Khan, Keykavous Parang, Aftab Ahmed

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

The burden of breast cancer, the second leading cause of death worldwide, is increasing at an alarming rate. Cuscuta, used in traditional medicine for different ailments, including cancer, is known for containing phytochemicals that exhibit anticancer activity; however, the bioactivities of proteins from this plant remain unexplored. This study aimed to screen the cytotoxic potential of proteins from the crude herbal product of Cuscuta epithymum(L.) (CE) harvested from the host plants Alhagi maurorum and Medicago sativa.

Methods

The proteins from CE were extracted using a salting-out method, followed by fractionation with a gel filtration chromatography column. Gel-free shotgun …


What Can Pharmacists Do To Reduce Drug Abuse?, Saul E. Alvarado-Rosario 2024 Nova Southeastern University

What Can Pharmacists Do To Reduce Drug Abuse?, Saul E. Alvarado-Rosario

College of Pharmacy Student Research

This review paper provides an overview of the current status of substance abuse, involving both illicit drugs and medically regulated medications. Although global statistics are considered, the primary focus is the substance abuse crisis within the United States. Through review of experimental and observational peer-reviewed articles, this report examines the definition of substance abuse, demographic impacts, and governmental interventions, with particular emphasizes on the role of the pharmacy profession and individual pharmacists in addressing this widespread issue.


Improving Prolonged Antibiotics Education In A Pediatric Unit, Zerena S. Silva Villamonte 2024 University of San Francisco

Improving Prolonged Antibiotics Education In A Pediatric Unit, Zerena S. Silva Villamonte

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem Children’s Hospital A's incidence report tool, iCares, demonstrates that 50% of the issues related to prolonged intravenous (IV) antibiotics are categorized as administration issues. This leads to the medication being delivered at the wrong time or rate. Having these issues increases patient length of stay, increasing hospital costs. Context The microsystems for this quality improvement project include inpatient pediatric patient care units (PCU) 300, 360, and 400. Children’s Hospital A is a 361-bed San Francisco Bay Area hospital. Interventions The Clinical Nurse Leader students implemented a presentation defining prolonged IV antibiotics, their rationale, and a video demonstrating the correct …


Knowledge And Attitude Of Lebanese Adults Towards Asthma In Beirut, Lebanon, Farah Hatem Haidar, Doaa Issa, Maha Aboul Ela, Karim Raafat 2024 Pharm D Student, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Knowledge And Attitude Of Lebanese Adults Towards Asthma In Beirut, Lebanon, Farah Hatem Haidar, Doaa Issa, Maha Aboul Ela, Karim Raafat

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Asthma, a serious global health problem, has been an area of interest due to its increasing prevalence, expanding treatment costs, and rising burden on patients and the community. Since asthma cannot be cured, clinical episodes can be prevented and controlled by adequate management and sufficient knowledge of the disease. Appropriate treatment may relieve asthma symptoms and improve quality of life. However, poor knowledge of asthma disease and medication use, misdiagnoses, misuse of inhalers and inadequate self-management of disease symptoms may have a greater impact on the disease process. Therefore, assessment of the population’s knowledge and attitude toward asthma is essential. …


Pour Une Diffusion Éthique Des Connaissances De La Médecine Traditionnelle: L’Intersection De La Culture Yoruba Et Des Besoins Médicaux, Isabel Sala 2024 Connecticut College

Pour Une Diffusion Éthique Des Connaissances De La Médecine Traditionnelle: L’Intersection De La Culture Yoruba Et Des Besoins Médicaux, Isabel Sala

CISLA Senior Integrative Projects

No abstract provided.


Basic Structure Of The Pharmacophore Virtual Screening Protein 7kg7 For Candidate Therapeutic Options Covid-19, Ahmad Ridha Al Fiqri 2024 Magister’s Programme in Biomedical, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia

Basic Structure Of The Pharmacophore Virtual Screening Protein 7kg7 For Candidate Therapeutic Options Covid-19, Ahmad Ridha Al Fiqri

Indonesian Journal of Medical Chemistry and Bioinformatics

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome, namely coronaviruses (SARS-CoV-2) has been a pandemic to date and is contagious with relatively high mortality rates. Various efforts have been made to control the pandemic to finding the best solution to reduce the spread such as rapid detection based on molecular and serological, as well as efforts to find the best medicine for COVID-19 patients continue to be carried out. We analyzed and concluded that the presatovir compound is capable of being a substitute for the native protein ligand 7KG7, this is proved with a ΔG value of -13.22 kcal/mol …


School Of Pharmacy Class Of 2024 Hooding Program, Cedarville University 2024 Cedarville University

School Of Pharmacy Class Of 2024 Hooding Program, Cedarville University

Doctor of Pharmacy Hooding Ceremony

No abstract provided.


Oncology Treatment Plan Updates In Epic-Beacon, Rose DiMarco, PharmD, BCPS, BCOP, Gloria Espinosa, MAT, PharmD, BCOP, Kelly Miskovsky, PharmD, BCOP, Gina Hemmert, PharmD 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Oncology Treatment Plan Updates In Epic-Beacon, Rose Dimarco, Pharmd, Bcps, Bcop, Gloria Espinosa, Mat, Pharmd, Bcop, Kelly Miskovsky, Pharmd, Bcop, Gina Hemmert, Pharmd

Kimmel Cancer Center Papers, Presentations, and Grand Rounds

Background

In Medical Oncology, the utilization of EPIC-Beacon Treatment Plans is integral for prescribing and administering cancer treatments. These treatment plans typically consist of anticancer infusion medications (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, etc.), supportive care medications, required laboratory orders, and other monitoring recommendations to ensure that patients receive safe and effective care. In 2017, TJUH transitioned from Varian’s Aria to EPIC’s electronic medical record system. Since then, there has not been a formal review of existing plans, and there are many inconsistencies between plans in different cancer types.

Problem Statement:

  • Currently, there is not a formal process for review of existing treatment plans, …


An Integrative Review Of The Absorption Of Fda-Approved Chemical Sunscreen Filters Into The Blood, Srinidhi Banala, Samrat Gollapudi, Abhiram Gollapudi, Bhaumik Patel 2024 Rowan University

An Integrative Review Of The Absorption Of Fda-Approved Chemical Sunscreen Filters Into The Blood, Srinidhi Banala, Samrat Gollapudi, Abhiram Gollapudi, Bhaumik Patel

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Introduction: This integrative review examines the absorption of FDA-approved chemical sunscreen filters, specifically avobenzone and oxybenzone, into the bloodstream. The study aims to compare the levels of absorption and potential health effects of systemic exposure to these sunscreen ingredients in the United States.

Methods: The researchers conducted a literature search of 57 articles, of which 15 were used for the review. Inclusion criteria focused on studies discussing absorption levels of avobenzone and oxybenzone, as well as methods of absorption into the bloodstream. Exclusion criteria included sunscreen ingredients not approved in the United States, non-English studies, and studies on methods to …


What Stigmas Still Exist For Weight Loss Medications?, Abdullah Panah, Phillip Collins 2024 Rowan University

What Stigmas Still Exist For Weight Loss Medications?, Abdullah Panah, Phillip Collins

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Background and Hypothesis:

Medications for weight loss are becoming far more common as more tolerable formulas have come to the market with some medications offering results almost on par with bariatric surgery. However, studies show a stigma still persists around the discussion and perception around using weight loss medications. The authors of this study hypothesized that one of the biggest hurdles patients face for weight loss medications are the stigmas associated with taking these medicines and approaching the topic.

Methods:

This was a survey-based project that consisted of an anonymous, voluntary questionnaire which was provided to patients during their regular …


Neoadjuvant Versus Adjuvant Therapy For Stage Iiib-Iiid Melanoma, Bhumik Patel, Sangnya Upadhyaya 2024 Rowan University

Neoadjuvant Versus Adjuvant Therapy For Stage Iiib-Iiid Melanoma, Bhumik Patel, Sangnya Upadhyaya

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

The treatment landscape for advanced stage melanoma is rapidly evolving due to advancements in our understanding of melanoma biology and the emergence of novel therapies. This necessitates a comprehensive review to guide clinicians in adopting evidence based and patient centric approaches to treat stage IIIB-IIID melanoma. A literature review was conducted to synthesize current information on the most optimal treatment available. Data available from different clinical trials found that neoadjuvant therapy was a more effective treatment compared to adjuvant therapies alone. Furthermore, neoadjuvant therapy with combination therapy was more efficacious in producing a complete pathological response compared to monotherapy. A …


Opioid Prescription Rates Before And After Alto Program And Various Factors Affecting Emergency Department Opioid Prescription Rates, Neel B. Patel, James F. Baird 2024 Rowan University

Opioid Prescription Rates Before And After Alto Program And Various Factors Affecting Emergency Department Opioid Prescription Rates, Neel B. Patel, James F. Baird

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Opioid prescription rates vary between patient population, diagnosis, location, and emergency department characteristics. High prescription rates offer an avenue for potential opioid addiction and overdoses. Alternatives to opioids (ALTO) is a new program already implemented in certain emergency departments to help change opioid prescription rates by introducing new protocols for first line treatments for pain management. With current trends still showing that South Jersey opioids prescription rates are the highest in the state of New Jersey, ALTO was introduced at Inspira Health Network located in South Jersey. This study retrospectively analyzed opioids prescription rates for abdominal pain, renal colic, migraines, …


Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Role Of Pnpla3 And Its Association With Environmental Chemicals, Shakil A. Saghir, Ata Abbas, Saleh Alfuraih, Ajay Sharma, Jean Latimer, Yadollah Omidi, Rais Ansari 2024 ToxInternational Inc.

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Role Of Pnpla3 And Its Association With Environmental Chemicals, Shakil A. Saghir, Ata Abbas, Saleh Alfuraih, Ajay Sharma, Jean Latimer, Yadollah Omidi, Rais Ansari

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Globally, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is on the rise with 30-32%, 27-33%, 35-48%, 36%, 9-20%, and 36-38% prevalence in Asia, Europe, North America, South America, Africa, and Australia, respectively. Approximately, 5-10% of NAFLD proceeds to hepatitis called non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH often progresses to liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Precise mechanism(s) for the development of HCC is not fully understood in NAFLD and NASH patients. Higher insulin levels in type 2 diabetes (T2D) can result in lipolysis of adipose tissue activating lipid synthesizing enzymes such as fatty acid synthase and stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1, resulting in lipid accumulation in …


Mathematical Modeling And Examination Into Existing And Emerging Parkinson’S Disease Treatments: Levodopa And Ketamine, Gabrielle Riddlemoser 2024 William & Mary

Mathematical Modeling And Examination Into Existing And Emerging Parkinson’S Disease Treatments: Levodopa And Ketamine, Gabrielle Riddlemoser

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease across the world, affecting over 6 million people worldwide. This disorder is characterized by the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons within the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) due to the aggregation of α-synuclein within the brain. Patients with PD develop motor symptoms such as tremors, bradykinesia, and postural instability, as well as a host of non-motor symptoms such as behavioral changes, sleep difficulties, and fatigue. The reduction of dopamine within the brain is the primary cause of these symptoms. The main form of treatment for PD is levodopa, a precursor …


Identifying The Roles Of Mir-17 In Ciliogenesis And Cell Cycle, Ashwaq Alanazi 2024 Chapman University

Identifying The Roles Of Mir-17 In Ciliogenesis And Cell Cycle, Ashwaq Alanazi

Pharmaceutical Sciences (PhD) Dissertations

Emerging evidence suggests a significant contribution of primary cilia to cell division and proliferation mechanisms. MicroRNAs, especially miR-17, contribute to cell cycle regulation and proliferation. Recent investigations have highlighted the dysregulated expression of miR-17 in various malignancies, underlining its potential role in cancer. However, the correlation between primary cilia and miR-17 has yet to be fully elucidated. The present study examines the presence of miR-17 in primary cilia. The miR-17 expression is studied in selected ciliary protein knockdown cells. Using in-situ hybridization (ISH), we identified the subcellular localization of miR-17 in both cilia and cell bodies. We confirmed the importance …


Bcl2 Mediated Targeted Drug Delivery For The Treatment Of Kidney Fibrosis And Stomach Cancer, Humayra Afrin 2024 University of Texas at El Paso

Bcl2 Mediated Targeted Drug Delivery For The Treatment Of Kidney Fibrosis And Stomach Cancer, Humayra Afrin

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Apoptosis, the programmed death of cells, is primarily regulated by a delicate balance between pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic signals. The Bcl-2 (B-cell lymphoma 2) family of proteins acts as anti-apoptotic agents, promoting cell survival. Dysregulation of these proteins is a common occurrence in conditions such as cancer and fibrosis, where overexpression of anti-apoptotic members can foster tumor cell survival and fibroblast activation. In this study, our aim was to explore the therapeutic potential of Bcl-2 inhibitors, both as a small molecule (specifically Navitoclax (Navi)), inhibitor and as Bcl-2 siRNA, for targeted treatment. Intravenous administration of Navi often leads to thrombocytopenia, necessitating …


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