The Marine Sponge Metabolite Mycothiazole: A Novel Prototype Mitochondrial Complex I Inhibitor., 2019 University of Mississippi, Mississippi, USA
The Marine Sponge Metabolite Mycothiazole: A Novel Prototype Mitochondrial Complex I Inhibitor., J Brian Morgan, Fakhri Mahdi, Yang Liu, Veena Coothankandaswamy, Mika B Jekabsons, Tyler A. Johnson, Koneni V Sashidhara, Phillip Crews, Dale G Nagle, Yu-Dong Zhou
A natural product chemistry-based approach was applied to discover small-molecule inhibitors of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1). A Petrosaspongia mycofijiensis marine sponge extract yielded mycothiazole (1), a solid tumor selective compound with no known mechanism for its cell line-dependent cytotoxic activity. Compound 1 inhibited hypoxic HIF-1 signaling in tumor cells (IC(50) 1nM) that correlated with the suppression of hypoxia-stimulated tumor angiogenesis in vitro. However, 1 exhibited pronounced neurotoxicity in vitro. Mechanistic studies revealed that 1 selectively suppresses mitochondrial respiration at complex I (NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase). Unlike rotenone, MPP(+), annonaceous acetogenins, piericidin A, and other complex I inhibitors, mycothiazole is a mixed polyketide ...
Lipophilic Stinging Nettle Extracts Possess Potent Anti-Inflammatory Activity, Are Not Cytotoxic And May Be Superior To Traditional Tinctures For Treating Inflammatory Disorders., 2019 University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
Lipophilic Stinging Nettle Extracts Possess Potent Anti-Inflammatory Activity, Are Not Cytotoxic And May Be Superior To Traditional Tinctures For Treating Inflammatory Disorders., Tyler A. Johnson, Johann Sohn, Wayne D Inman, Leonard F Bjeldanes, Keith Rayburn
Extracts of four plant portions (roots, stems, leaves and flowers) of Urtica dioica (the stinging nettle) were prepared using accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) involving water, hexanes, methanol and dichloromethane. The extracts were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activities in an NF-κB luciferase and MTT assay using macrophage immune (RAW264.7) cells. A standardized commercial ethanol extract of nettle leaves was also evaluated. The methanolic extract of the flowering portions displayed significant anti-inflammatory activity on par with a standard compound celastrol (1) but were moderately cytotoxic. Alternatively, the polar extracts (water, methanol, ethanol) of the roots, stems and leaves displayed ...
Another Look At Pyrroloiminoquinone Alkaloids-Perspectives On Their Therapeutic Potential From Known Structures And Semisynthetic Analogues., 2019 University of California, Santa Cruz, California, USA
Another Look At Pyrroloiminoquinone Alkaloids-Perspectives On Their Therapeutic Potential From Known Structures And Semisynthetic Analogues., Sheng Lin, Erin P Mccauley, Nicholas Lorig-Roach, Karen Tenney, Cassandra N Naphen, Ai-Mei Yang, Tyler A. Johnson, Thalia Hernadez, Ramandeep Rattan, Frederick A Valeriote, Phillip Crews
This study began with the goal of identifying constituents from Zyzzya fuliginosa extracts that showed selectivity in our primary cytotoxicity screen against the PANC-1 tumor cell line. During the course of this project, which focused on six Z. fuliginosa samples collected from various regions of the Indo-Pacific, known compounds were obtained consisting of nine makaluvamine and three damirone analogues. Four new acetylated derivatives were also prepared. High-accuracy electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HAESI-MS) m/z ions produced through MS2 runs were obtained and interpreted to provide a rapid way for dereplicating isomers containing a pyrrolo[4,3,2-de]quinoline core ...
Chemically Diverse Microtubule Stabilizing Agents Initiate Distinct Mitotic Defects And Dysregulated Expression Of Key Mitotic Kinases., 2019 University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA
Chemically Diverse Microtubule Stabilizing Agents Initiate Distinct Mitotic Defects And Dysregulated Expression Of Key Mitotic Kinases., Cristina C Rohena, Jiangnan Peng, Tyler A. Johnson, Phillip Crews, Susan L Mooberry
Microtubule stabilizers are some of the most successful drugs used in the treatment of adult solid tumors and yet the molecular events responsible for their antimitotic actions are not well defined. The mitotic events initiated by three structurally and biologically diverse microtubule stabilizers; taccalonolide AJ, laulimalide/fijianolide B and paclitaxel were studied. These microtubule stabilizers cause the formation of aberrant, but structurally distinct mitotic spindles leading to the hypothesis that they differentially affect mitotic signaling. Each microtubule stabilizer initiated different patterns of expression of key mitotic signaling proteins. Taccalonolide AJ causes centrosome separation and disjunction failure to a much greater ...
Discovery Of Platelet-Type 12-Human Lipoxygenase Selective Inhibitors By High-Throughput Screening Of Structurally Diverse Libraries., 2019 University of California, Santa Cruz, California, USA
Discovery Of Platelet-Type 12-Human Lipoxygenase Selective Inhibitors By High-Throughput Screening Of Structurally Diverse Libraries., Joshua D. Deschamps, Jeffrey T. Gautschi, Stephanie Whitman, Tyler A. Johnson, Nadine C. Gassner, Phillip Crews, Theodore R. Holman
Human lipoxygenases (hLO) have been implicated in a variety of diseases and cancers and each hLO isozyme appears to have distinct roles in cellular biology. This fact emphasizes the need for discovering selective hLO inhibitors for both understanding the role of specific lipoxygenases in the cell and developing pharmaceutical therapeutics. To this end, we have modified a known lipoxygenase assay for high-throughput (HTP) screening of both the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the UC Santa Cruz marine extract library (UCSC-MEL) in search of platelet-type 12-hLO (12-hLO) selective inhibitors. The HTP screen led to the characterization of five novel 12-hLO inhibitors ...
Actinomycin Familial Diversity Driven By Phenoxazinone-Core Reactivity, 2019 University of Kentucky
Actinomycin Familial Diversity Driven By Phenoxazinone-Core Reactivity, Matthew Richard Mcerlean
Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy
Actinomycins are a class of compounds consisting of phenoxazinone-like core attached to two peptidolactone rings, denoted as α and β. A unique component of a few families—actinomycins G, Y, and Z—is a chlorinated β-ring threonine residue. Families G and Y also contained an actinomycin that possess a β-ring heterocycle (actinomycins G5 and Y5, respectively); prior to this work, no β-ring heterocycle-containing actinomycins were reported for the Z family. Unlike other actinomycin derivatives, Y5’s cytotoxicity was abolished while still maintaining some antibacterial potency.
We constructed a model compound to probe the physical properties of the ...
Impact Of Extraction Technique On The Volatile Oil Contents And Composition Of Four Ocimum Species; Microwave Assisted Extraction Versus Distillation Study, Dina M. El-Kersh, Dalia Rasheed, Manar Eissa
Objectives: The aim of this study is to unravel the variabilities posed by alteration of the extraction technique employed on the contents and composition of essential oils derived from the same plant species Methods: Volatile oils of four different Ocimum species (Ocimum basilicum L., O. africanum Lour., O. americanum L. and O. minimum L. family Lamiaceae) were individually extracted from their fresh aerial parts using green microwave assisted extraction (MAE) method and conventional hydrodistillation (HD) and steam distillation (SD) methods. Extracted volatile oil samples were further analysed by GC-MS. Results: Qualitatively, distillation of the Ocimum samples resulted in higher yields ...
The Value Of Universally Available Raw Nmr Data For Transparency, Reproducibility, And Integrity In Natural Product Research., 2019 Center for Natural Product Technologies, University of Illinois at Chicago
The Value Of Universally Available Raw Nmr Data For Transparency, Reproducibility, And Integrity In Natural Product Research., James B. Mcalpine, Shao-Nong Chen, Andrei Kutateladze, John B. Macmillan, Giovanni Appendino, Andersson Barison, Mehdi A. Beniddir, Maique W. Biavatti, Stefan Bluml, Asmaa Boufridi, Mark S. Butler, Robert J. Capon, Young H. Choi, David Coppage, Phillip Crews, Michael T. Crimmins, Marie Csete, Pradeep Dewapriya, Joseph M. Egan, Mary J. Garson, Grégory Genta-Jouve, William H Gerwick, Harald Gross, Mary Kay Harper, Precilia Hermanto, James M. Hook, Luke Hunter, Damien Jeannerat, Nai-Yun Ji, Tyler A. Johnson, David G. I. Kingston, Hiroyuki Koshino, Hsiau-Wei Lee, Guy Lewin, Jie Li, Roger G Linington, Miaomiao Liu, Kerry L Mcphail, Tadeusz F Molinski, Bradley S Moore, Joo-Won Nam, Ram P Neupane, Matthias Niemitz, Jean-Marc Nuzillard, Nicholas H Oberlies, Fernanda M M Ocampos, Guohui Pan, Ronald J Quinn, D Sai Reddy, Jean-Hugues Renault, José Rivera-Chávez, Wolfgang Robien, Carla M Saunders, Thomas J Schmidt, Christoph Seger, Ben Shen, Christoph Steinbeck, Hermann Stuppner, Sonja Sturm, Orazio Taglialatela-Scafati, Dean J Tantillo, Robert Verpoorte, Bin-Gui Wang, Craig M Williams, Philip G Williams, Julien Wist, Jian-Min Yue, Chen Zhang, Zhengren Xu, Charlotte Simmler, David C Lankin, Jonathan Bisson, Guido F Pauli
Natural Sciences and Mathematics | Faculty Scholarship
With contributions from the global natural product (NP) research community, and continuing the Raw Data Initiative, this review collects a comprehensive demonstration of the immense scientific value of disseminating raw nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data, independently of, and in parallel with, classical publishing outlets. A comprehensive compilation of historic to present-day cases as well as contemporary and future applications show that addressing the urgent need for a repository of publicly accessible raw NMR data has the potential to transform natural products (NPs) and associated fields of chemical and biomedical research. The call for advancing open sharing mechanisms for raw data ...
Toward An Enzyme-Coupled, Bioorthogonal Platform For Methyltransferases: Probing The Specificity Of Methionine Adenosyltransferases, Tyler D. Huber
Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy
Methyl group transfer from S-adenosyl-l-methionine (AdoMet) to various substrates including DNA, proteins, and natural products (NPs), is accomplished by methyltransferases (MTs). Analogs of AdoMet, bearing an alternative S-alkyl group can be exploited, in the context of an array of wild-type MT-catalyzed reactions, to differentially alkylate DNA, proteins, and NPs. This technology provides a means to elucidate MT targets by the MT-mediated installation of chemoselective handles from AdoMet analogs to biologically relevant molecules and affords researchers a fresh route to diversify NP scaffolds by permitting the differential alkylation of chemical sites vulnerable to NP MTs that are unreactive to ...
Comparative Characteristics Of Antibacterial Activity Of Plants Growing In The Central Part Of The Republic Of Tajikistan., 2019 Аvicenna Tajik State Medical University
Comparative Characteristics Of Antibacterial Activity Of Plants Growing In The Central Part Of The Republic Of Tajikistan., Saidbeg Satorov, F. Mirzoeva, Sh. Satorov, M. Vakhidova, Vyacheslav Dushenkov
Publications and Research
Objective: To evaluate the spectrum of antibacterial activity of plants growing in the central part of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Methods: The antibacterial properties of 18 plant species from the 14 families were studied. The extract samples on dry filter discs were prepared according to the method developed at Rutgers University. Screens-to-Nature (STN) and disc diffusion (DD) methods were used to assess antimicrobial properties of the extracts. The antimicrobial activity of plant extracts was determined against four types of pathogenic standard museum strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, as well as by using the same types ...
Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Nociceptive And Antipyretic Activity Of Young And Old Leaves Of Vernonia Amygdalina, 2019 Edith Cowan University
Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Nociceptive And Antipyretic Activity Of Young And Old Leaves Of Vernonia Amygdalina, Du-Bois Asante, Isaac Tabiri Henneh, Desmond Omane Acheampong, Foster Kyei, Christian Kweku Adokoh, Eric Gyamerah Ofori, Nelson Kwabla Domey, Emmanuel Adakudugu, Lokeswari Prathyusha Tangella, Elvis Ofori Ameyaw
ECU Publications Post 2013
Both young and old leaves of Vernonia amygdalina (VA) are traditionally used to treat inflammation, pain and fever. However, the efficacy of young and old leaves for treating these ailments have not been compared till date.
To ascertain the effect of young and old leaves of VA in managing inflammation, pain and fever.
Both quantitative and qualitative phytochemical screening of ethanol extracts of young (EthYL) and old (EthOL) leaves of VA were performed. The anti-inflammatory activity of orally administered EthYL and EthOL (50–200 mg/kg) and Diclofenac (10 mg/kg) were evaluated in carrageenan-induced inflammation model ...
Menthol Acts As A Positive Allosteric Modulator On Nematode Levamisole Sensitive Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors, Shivani Choudhary, Djordje S. Marjianović, Colin R. Wong, Xiaoyu Zhang, Melanie Abongwa, Joel R. Coats, Saša M. Trailović, Richard J. Martin, Alan P. Robertson
The ongoing and widespread emergence of resistance to the existing anti-nematodal pharmacopeia has made it imperative to develop new anthelminthic agents. Historically, plants have been important sources of therapeutic compounds and offer an alternative to synthetic drugs. Monoterpenoids are phytochemicals that have been shown to produce acute toxic effects in insects and nematodes. Previous studies have shown nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) to be possible targets for naturally occurring plant metabolites such as carvacrol and carveol. In this study we examined the effects of monoterpenoid compounds on a levamisole sensitive nAChR from Oesophagostomum dentatum and a nicotine sensitive nAChR from Ascaris ...
Characterization Of G-Protein Coupled Receptors In Pain, Depression And Anxiety, 2018 Duquesne University
Characterization Of G-Protein Coupled Receptors In Pain, Depression And Anxiety, Neil Lax
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Chronic pain and major depressive disorder are widespread conditions in the world. Interestingly, these conditions often occur comorbidly, with each individual disease amplifying the symptoms of the other. A significant amount of preclinical research in pain and depression focuses on G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), implying that GPCRs may be useful in treating this comorbidity. Our efforts have sought to characterize several poorly understood GPCRs, including the serotonin receptor subtypes 2C and 7 (5-HT2CR and 5-HT7R) and metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5), along with more well-known GPCRs such as the mu opioid receptor (MOR), and the role that they play in ...
Actinomycin Heterocyle Thesis 122018 For Submission.Pdf, 2018 University of Kentucky
Actinomycin Heterocyle Thesis 122018 For Submission.Pdf, Matt Mcerlean
Determination Of Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids In Dietary Sources Using A Spectrophotometric Method, 2018 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
Determination Of Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids In Dietary Sources Using A Spectrophotometric Method, Oana C. Șeremet, Octavian T. Olaru, Mihaela Ilie, Claudia M. Guțu, Mihai G. Nițulescu, Camelia Diaconu, Catalina Motofei, Denisa Margină, Simona Negreș, Cristina E. Zbârcea, Emil Ștefănescu
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are a class of toxic compounds found in the composition of more than 6000 plants. People can be exposed to PAs by consuming phytotherapeutic products, food from crops contaminated with seeds of some species with high content of PAs, and/ or contaminated animal products like bee products. For this reason we developed and validated a method for quantitative determination of PAs, from the most frequently contaminated food sources, honey and flour. Colorimetric Ehrlich reagent method was used with standard addition (1mg/kg senecionine). The extraction solvent was methanol 50% acidified with citric acid to pH 2-3, as ...
Evaluasi Kesesuaian Penulisan Resep Pada Kasus Ispa Non Pneumonia Di Poli Mtbs Puskesmas Kecamatan Cengkareng, Jakarta, 2018 Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Indonesia, Depok
Evaluasi Kesesuaian Penulisan Resep Pada Kasus Ispa Non Pneumonia Di Poli Mtbs Puskesmas Kecamatan Cengkareng, Jakarta, Rani Sauriasari, Annisa Azka Hikmawati Aulia, Adisa Swastika
Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research
Acute respiratory infections (ARI) is one of the major health problems in Indonesia. There are three classifications of cases of ARI, consist of pneumonia, severe pneumonia and non pneumonia. This study aimed to find an overview of the use of antibiotics and the evaluation of suitability prescriptions performed in cases of non pneumonia Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) in IMCI Polyclinic, Cengkareng District Community Health Centre (Puskesmas Cengkareng), West Jakarta. Evaluation for the prescription suitability was useful to find the percentage of the suitability of prescribing on the existing management. This activity was done using retrospective method with data of 100 ...
Evaluasi Kesesuaian Dosis Pada Pasien Pediatri Bronkitis Akut Di Rumah Sakit Tentara Kartika Husada Kubu Raya, 2018 Program Studi Farmasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tanjungpura
Evaluasi Kesesuaian Dosis Pada Pasien Pediatri Bronkitis Akut Di Rumah Sakit Tentara Kartika Husada Kubu Raya, Variandini Aldhila Kharis, Rise Desnita, Hariyanto Ih
Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research
Selection and usage of rational drugs determine the success of expected therapeutic effect, especially for pediatrics. Acute bronchitis in pediatrics is one of the highest incidents of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) in Army Hospital Kartika Husada Kubu Raya. This study aimed to evaluate rationality of drug doses conformity in outpatient pediatric acute bronchitis in Army Hospital Kartika Husada Kubu Raya on 2015. This research was a descriptive observational research with cross-sectional design. The sample was taken with purposive sampling amounted to 36 prescriptions. Then the evaluation of drug doses conformity was counted according to the literature. The results showed that ...
L-Citrulline As Alternative Pharmacological Substance In Protecting Against Cardiovascular Disease, 2018 Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia
L-Citrulline As Alternative Pharmacological Substance In Protecting Against Cardiovascular Disease, Andrea Laurentius, Gregorius Bhaskara Wikanendra, Tzeto Han Cong, Wawaimuli Arozal
Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has taken up to average 30% of death diagnoses in the world. Prevalent attempts of physicians to treat this disease came down to focus on using drugs with their specific mechanism of action. Since the method only cures the symptoms and need to be pharmacologically monitored, physicians and scientists have been struggling to find other treatment strategies. This problem led us to search for another substance dealing with CVD via preventive therapy, which does not require such close monitoring by physicians in its use. The answer relies on using L-citrulline as potential therapeutics in treating and preventing ...
Pemodelan Molekul Turunan P-Metoksi Sinnamoil Hidrazida Sebagai Inhibitor Checkpoint Kinase 1 Dan Inhibitor Aromatase Secara In Silico, 2018 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Pemodelan Molekul Turunan P-Metoksi Sinnamoil Hidrazida Sebagai Inhibitor Checkpoint Kinase 1 Dan Inhibitor Aromatase Secara In Silico, Galih Satrio Putra, Melanny Ika Sulistyowatya, Juni Ekowati, Tutuk Budiati
Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research
The development of anticancer drugs from ethyl p-methoxycinnamate (EPMC) derivatives has been done to compounds high activity in inducing cancer cells apoptosis and minimal side effects. p-Methoxycinnamoyl hydrazide derivates, modified from EPMC structure, were docked into the ligand-binding pocket of Check point kinase 1 enzymes (2YWP) and the aromatase enzyme (3S7S) using software Molegro Virtual Docker (MVD) Ver.5.5. We compared the Rerank score of native ligand with p-Methoxycinnamoyl hydrazide derivates. Rerank scores of compounds 4b and 4c (-99.98 Kcal/mol and -99.80 Kcal/mol) were lower than the native ligand A42 in inhibiting the enzyme checkpoint ...
A V-To-F Substitution In Sk2 Channels Causes Ca2+ Hypersensitivity And Improves Locomotion In A C. Elegans Als Model, Young-Woo Nam, Sabia N. Baskoylu, Dimitris Gazgalis, Razan Orfali, Meng Cui, Anne C. Hart, Miao Zhang
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
Small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (SK) channels mediate medium afterhyperpolarization in the neurons and play a key role in the regulation of neuronal excitability. SK channels are potential drug targets for ataxia and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). SK channels are activated exclusively by the Ca2+-bound calmodulin. Previously, we identified an intrinsically disordered fragment that is essential for the mechanical coupling between Ca2+/calmodulin binding and channel opening. Here, we report that substitution of a valine to phenylalanine (V407F) in the intrinsically disordered fragment caused a ~6 fold increase in the Ca2+ sensitivity of SK2-a channels. This substitution resulted in a ...