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Perbandingan Efektifitas Antara Minyak Atsiri Kulit Batang Kayu Manis (Cinnamomum Burmannii) Dengan Temephos Sebagai Larvasida Aedes Aegypti, Muhamad Rizki Al Kamal, Neneng Syarifah Syafei, Gita Tiara Dewi Nasution 2017 Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Padjajaran. Bandung

Perbandingan Efektifitas Antara Minyak Atsiri Kulit Batang Kayu Manis (Cinnamomum Burmannii) Dengan Temephos Sebagai Larvasida Aedes Aegypti, Muhamad Rizki Al Kamal, Neneng Syarifah Syafei, Gita Tiara Dewi Nasution

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Dengue fever is a major health issue in the world. Preventive measure with temephos/abate has long been used to combat this problem. Istiana et al reported that there were cases of resistance of Aedes aegypti larvae to temephos in various parts of the world, including Indonesia. Indonesian Cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmannii) has been proven to possess larvacide effect and can be used as an alternative insecticide. This research was meant to compare the larvacide effect of Indonesian cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmannii) essential oil to the larvacide effect of temephos against Aedes aegypti larvae. This research used laboratory experimental design analysis. The ...


Parameter Fisikokimia Dan Analisis Kadar Allyl Disulfidedalam Ekstrak Etanol 70% Bawang Putih (Allium Sativum L.)Dengan Perbandingan Daerah Tempat Tumbuh Parameter, Rini Prastiwi, Siska Siska, Nila Marlita 2017 Fakultas Farmasi dan Sains, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA, Jakarta 13460

Parameter Fisikokimia Dan Analisis Kadar Allyl Disulfidedalam Ekstrak Etanol 70% Bawang Putih (Allium Sativum L.)Dengan Perbandingan Daerah Tempat Tumbuh Parameter, Rini Prastiwi, Siska Siska, Nila Marlita

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is one of the medicinal plants that has a potential to be developed to become a traditional medicine. Traditional medicinal products and medicinal plants which have good quality are determined by the quality and safety of the extract. One of many factors that can affect the quality is the growing area. This research aimed to compare the value of physicochemical parameters as well as the levels of compounds responsible for pharmacological activity in ethanol 70% extract of garlic obtained from two growing areas, Bogor and Wonosobo. The test results obtained from garlic extract of Bogor were ...


Kompleks Polielektrolit Kitosan-Xanthan Sebagai Matriks Sediaan Mukoadhesif, Kurnia Sari Setio Putri, Bambang Sulistomo, Silvia Surini 2017 Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Indonesia, Depok. 16424

Kompleks Polielektrolit Kitosan-Xanthan Sebagai Matriks Sediaan Mukoadhesif, Kurnia Sari Setio Putri, Bambang Sulistomo, Silvia Surini

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Mucoadhesive dosage form is a pharmaceutical dosage form with prolonged gastric residence time which can increase bioavailability of drugs. An excipient with suitable swelling and bioadhesive characteristics plays important role to obtain good mucoadhesive dosage form. Our pre-eliminary study showed that chitosan-xanthan gum polyelectrolyte complex (CXPC) in ratio 1:1 exhibit suitable swelling index to be developed as mucoadhesive dosage forms. This research was performed to study CXPC characteristics as matrix for mucoadhesive granules dosage form matrix. In this study CXPC 1:1 was utilized as the matrix in the mucoadhesive granules with drug-CXPC ratio of 1:1, 1:2 ...


Skrining Dan Evaluasi Aktivitas Kitinase Dari Sembilan Isolat Bakteri Lokal, Baitha Palanggatan Maggadani, Siswa Setyahadi S, Harmita Harmita 2017 Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Indonesia, Depok. 16424

Skrining Dan Evaluasi Aktivitas Kitinase Dari Sembilan Isolat Bakteri Lokal, Baitha Palanggatan Maggadani, Siswa Setyahadi S, Harmita Harmita

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Chitinase is an enzyme that degrades chitin on β-1,4-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glycoside bound to produce Chitin oligosaccharide or its soluble monomer, N-acetylglucosamine (NAG). Chitinase are usually produced naturally by chitinolytic microorganism that are found in soil or water environment. Chitinase have been widely used for biocontrol agents of plant pests. The product from chitinase hydrolysis can be used as antiinflammatory agent and anti hyperpigmentation. This research was aimed to screen and evaluate the chitinolytic ability of 9 isolate. The best isolate was the one which produced high chitinolytic activity and hydrolyzed chitin into NAG. 9 isolate were examined and BPPTCC-2 was the ...


Hubungan Kesesuaian Penulisan Resep Dengan Formulariumnasional Terhadap Mutu Pelayanan Pada Pasien Jaminankesehatan Nasional Di Rumah Sakit Umum Di Bandung, Winda Ratna Pratiwi, Angga Prawira Kautsar, Dolih Gozali 2017 Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Padjajaran. Bandung

Hubungan Kesesuaian Penulisan Resep Dengan Formulariumnasional Terhadap Mutu Pelayanan Pada Pasien Jaminankesehatan Nasional Di Rumah Sakit Umum Di Bandung, Winda Ratna Pratiwi, Angga Prawira Kautsar, Dolih Gozali

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Pharmaceutical service is one of the activities in hospital that support health service quality. One of the factors that can improve quality of pharmaceutical services is prescription services. In the era of National Health Insurance, prescription given to the patients should be based on the National Formulary. If prescriptions did not suit the national formulary, it would influence the services quality on pharmacy unit. The purposes of this study were to determine suitability of prescription outpatients’ national health insurance with national formulary and to determine the relationship of the suitability of prescription with a national formulary to service quality in ...


Crispr: The Last Piece Of The Genetic Puzzle, Brad Broyles 2017 Butler University

Crispr: The Last Piece Of The Genetic Puzzle, Brad Broyles

BU Well

CRISPR/Cas9 is an emerging gene editing tool. This technology, which evolved naturally as a defense mechanism for bacteria and other prokaryotes, has been repurposed to edit genes in a wide array of cells, including human cells. This paper outlines the discovery, mechanism, and potential applications of CRISPR/Cas9.


Adverse Reactions Of Biological Therapies In Patients With Psoriasis, Maria I. Sârbu, Mircea Tampa, Mădălina I. Mitran, Cristina I. Mitran, Alexandra M. Limbău, Simona R. Georgescu 2017 Carol Davila University, Department of Dermatology

Adverse Reactions Of Biological Therapies In Patients With Psoriasis, Maria I. Sârbu, Mircea Tampa, Mădălina I. Mitran, Cristina I. Mitran, Alexandra M. Limbău, Simona R. Georgescu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Psoriasis is a chronic, immune-mediated disorder characterized by well demarcated, erythematous plaques covered by thick, silvery-white scales, most often located on the knees, elbows, sacral area and scalp. It has a significant impact on the patient's quality of life.

Biological therapies revolutionized the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris but there has been concern regarding the use of those agents due to severe adverse reactions reported in patients receiving TNF-α inhibitors for various inflammatory diseases.

The aim of this paper is to review the most important adverse reactions reported in patients receiving biological treatments. The most common and severe side effects ...


Another Look At Pyrroloiminoquinone Alkaloids-Perspectives On Their Therapeutic Potential From Known Structures And Semisynthetic Analogues., Sheng Lin, Erin P. McCauley, Nicholas Lorig-Roach, Karen Tenney, Cassandra N. Naphen, Ai-Mei Yang, Tyler A. Johnson, Thalia Hernadez, Ramandeep Rattan, Frederick A. Valeriote, Phillip Crews 2017 University of California, Santa Cruz, California, USA

Another Look At Pyrroloiminoquinone Alkaloids-Perspectives On Their Therapeutic Potential From Known Structures And Semisynthetic Analogues., Sheng Lin, Erin P. Mccauley, Nicholas Lorig-Roach, Karen Tenney, Cassandra N. Naphen, Ai-Mei Yang, Tyler A. Johnson, Thalia Hernadez, Ramandeep Rattan, Frederick A. Valeriote, Phillip Crews

Natural Sciences and Mathematics | Faculty Scholarship

This study began with the goal of identifying constituents from Zyzzya fuliginosa extracts that showed selectivity in our primary cytotoxicity screen against the PANC-1 tumor cell line. During the course of this project, which focused on six Z. fuliginosa samples collected from various regions of the Indo-Pacific, known compounds were obtained consisting of nine makaluvamine and three damirone analogues. Four new acetylated derivatives were also prepared. High-accuracy electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HAESI-MS) m/z ions produced through MS2 runs were obtained and interpreted to provide a rapid way for dereplicating isomers containing a pyrrolo[4,3,2-de]quinoline core ...


Pharmacological Basis For The Medicinal Use Of Polyherbal Formulation And Its Ingredients In Cardiovascular Disorders Using Rodents, A Malik, Malik Hassan Mehmood, H Channa, MS Akhtar, AH Gilani 2017 Aga Khan University

Pharmacological Basis For The Medicinal Use Of Polyherbal Formulation And Its Ingredients In Cardiovascular Disorders Using Rodents, A Malik, Malik Hassan Mehmood, H Channa, Ms Akhtar, Ah Gilani

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

A compound herbal formulation (POL4) has been used in the indigenous system of medicine to treat cardiometabolic disorders like diabetes and associated hypertension. POL4 and most of its constituents have not been studied widely for its therapeutic use in hypertension. This study is aimed to determine the efficacy and possible insight into mechanism(s) for the medicinal use of POL4 and its ingredients in hypertension.


Ethical Imperatives Of Timely Access To Orphan Drugs: Is Possible To Reconcile Economic Incentives And Patients’ Health Needs?, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, T. Spargo, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Ethical Imperatives Of Timely Access To Orphan Drugs: Is Possible To Reconcile Economic Incentives And Patients’ Health Needs?, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, T. Spargo, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

More than 6,800 rare diseases and conditions have been identified in the US, which affect 25–30 million Americans. In 1983, the US Congress enacted the Orphan Drug Act (ODA) to encourage the development and marketing of drugs to treat rare diseases and conditions. This study analyzed all orphan designations and FDA approvals since 1983 through 2015, discussed the effectiveness of incentives for the development of treatments for rare diseases, and reflected on the ethical imperatives for timely access to orphan drugs.

Methods

Study data were derived from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Orange Book and the ...


The International Scientific Association For Probiotics And Prebiotics (Isapp) Consensus Statement On The Definition And Scope Of Prebiotics, Glenn R. Gibson, Robert W. Hutkins, Mary Ellen Sanders, Susan L. Prescott, Raylene A. Reimer, Seppo J. Salminen, Karen Scott, Catherine Stanton, Kelly S. Swanson, Patrice D. Cani, Kristin Verbeke, Gregor Reid 2017 University of Reading

The International Scientific Association For Probiotics And Prebiotics (Isapp) Consensus Statement On The Definition And Scope Of Prebiotics, Glenn R. Gibson, Robert W. Hutkins, Mary Ellen Sanders, Susan L. Prescott, Raylene A. Reimer, Seppo J. Salminen, Karen Scott, Catherine Stanton, Kelly S. Swanson, Patrice D. Cani, Kristin Verbeke, Gregor Reid

Faculty Publications in Food Science and Technology

In December 2016, a panel of experts in microbiology, nutrition and clinical research was convened by the International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics to review the definition and scope of prebiotics. Consistent with the original embodiment of prebiotics, but aware of the latest scientific and clinical developments, the panel updated the definition of a prebiotic: a substrate that is selectively utilized by host microorganisms conferring a health benefit. This definition expands the concept of prebiotics to possibly include non-carbohydrate substances, applications to body sites other than the gastrointestinal tract, and diverse categories other than food. The requirement for selective ...


Association Of Various Concentrations Of Cat's Claw Herb (Uncaria Tomentosa) On Lymphocyte Proliferation And Nitric Oxide Expression: An In-Vitro Study Of Osteoarthritis, Noha Fadlalddin 2017 University of Northern Iowa

Association Of Various Concentrations Of Cat's Claw Herb (Uncaria Tomentosa) On Lymphocyte Proliferation And Nitric Oxide Expression: An In-Vitro Study Of Osteoarthritis, Noha Fadlalddin

Dissertations and Theses @ UNI

Uncaria tomentosa, also known as cat’s claw, is an indigenous herb which originates from the Amazon River basin and has proven to be highly effective via case report and limited epidemiological evaluation in the pallative treatment of a number of inflammatory conditions. The herb is particularly preferred on the American market due to its various uses for healing, which provides the impetus for this research. The herb is being used to treat osteoarthritis and claims have been made for its ability to: enhance the repair of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), support joint health and improve immune function, enable normal division ...


Anticancer Drugs, Le Zhao, Zengyi Shao, Jacqueline V. Shanks 2017 Iowa State University

Anticancer Drugs, Le Zhao, Zengyi Shao, Jacqueline V. Shanks

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Plant‐derived anticancer drugs play a large role in anticancer pharmaceuticals. Through reviewing the four major types of plant anticancer drugs, namely vinca alkaloids, taxane diterpenoids, podophyllotoxin lignans, and camptothecin quinoline alkaloids, this article illustrates the development process, current status, existing challenges, and future perspective of the plant anticancer drug production. Moreover, this review explains how various biotechnologies, from the mature elicitation strategy to the “omics” techniques that are still undergoing development, can be applied to address the challenges in improving the production of the plant‐sourced anticancer drugs.


The Effects Of Adaptogens On The Physical And Psychological Symptoms Of Chronic Stress, Tosin O. Ajala 2017 Georgia State University

The Effects Of Adaptogens On The Physical And Psychological Symptoms Of Chronic Stress, Tosin O. Ajala

DISCOVERY: Georgia State Honors College Undergraduate Research Journal

Stress is a state of disharmony or threatened homeostasis. The maintenance of homeostasis in stages of internal or external challenges, called stressors, requires constant adjustments of hormonal, behavioral, and autonomic functions. The nuances of life may bring about unwanted stress to the human body. Some of the top causes of stress in America include work, finances, relationships, and health. There are numerous physical and psychological symptoms associated with long-term “chronic” stress, which include chronic fatigue, frustration, irritability, insomnia, frequent headaches, chest and back pain, weakness, and weight gain or weight loss. These symptoms of chronic stress are associated with depression ...


Infusion Of Essentail Oils In Agarose Gels To Create Antimicrobial Surfaces, Simran Guron 2017 Honors College, Pace University

Infusion Of Essentail Oils In Agarose Gels To Create Antimicrobial Surfaces, Simran Guron

Honors College Theses

The current use of antibiotics is very excessive in multiple settings, from treating patients to being present in cleaning products. This overuse of antibiotics is resulting in multiple consequences, ranging from having a negative impact on human health to breeding antibiotic-resistant strains of microorganisms. Antimicrobial surfaces are useful today to aid in sterilization, especially in the medical setting. This would help prevent the spread of infection of microorganisms in these settings. In our research, agarose acts as the antimicrobial surface and essential oils would act as the solution incorporated into the surface that has the antimicrobial properties. Agarose is a ...


Efektivitas Snedds Ekstrak Kulit Manggis Terhadap Bakteri P. Mirabilis Dan S. Epidermidis Yang Terdapat Pada Ulkus Diabetik, Rafika Sari, Liza Pratiwi, Pratiwi Apridamayanti 2016 Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Tanjungpura, Pontianak 78124, Indonesia

Efektivitas Snedds Ekstrak Kulit Manggis Terhadap Bakteri P. Mirabilis Dan S. Epidermidis Yang Terdapat Pada Ulkus Diabetik, Rafika Sari, Liza Pratiwi, Pratiwi Apridamayanti

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Mangosteen rind possesses the ability to conduct antibacterial activity. Under the development relating to drug delivery system, SNEDDS were known to boost the penetration of active compound. The aim of this research is to compare the effectiveness of the antibacterial activity at both SNEDDS preparation and the ethanol extract of mangosteen rind as the antibacteria against the bacteria that cause diabetic ulcers with the most prevalence whether it was Gram positive or Gram negative bacteria like Proteus mirabilis and Staphylococcus epidermidis. The research started by maceration process with the crude extract as the result continued with the phytochemical screening which ...


Perbandingan Efek Larvasida Minyak Atsiri Daun Cengkeh (Syzygium Aromaticum L.) Varietas Zanzibar Dengan Temephos Terhadap Larva Nyamuk Aedes Aegypti, Ridzmullah Wishnu Pamungkas, Neneng Syarifah Syafei, Arto Yuwono Soeroto 2016 Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Padjadjaran. Bandung

Perbandingan Efek Larvasida Minyak Atsiri Daun Cengkeh (Syzygium Aromaticum L.) Varietas Zanzibar Dengan Temephos Terhadap Larva Nyamuk Aedes Aegypti, Ridzmullah Wishnu Pamungkas, Neneng Syarifah Syafei, Arto Yuwono Soeroto

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The use of temephos as larvicides in disease prevention Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Indonesia has been going on for 40 years. Larviciding very long led the resistance to temephos. Cloves, one of native Indonesia plant contains eugenol that are toxic to the insect’s body. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of Zanzibar clove leaf essential oil compared to temephos in killing the larvae of Aedes aegypti. This study uses experimental laboratory research design. The samples are larvae of Aedes aegypti stage III. The mosquito larvae were classified into six groups, each given a clove leaf essential oil ...


Uji Aktivitas Anti-Inflamasi Minyak Atsiri Daun Kemangi (Ocimum Americanum L.) Pada Tikus Putih Jantan Yang Diinduksi Karagenan, Fadlina Chany Saputri, Rita Zahara 2016 Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Indonesia, Depok. 16424

Uji Aktivitas Anti-Inflamasi Minyak Atsiri Daun Kemangi (Ocimum Americanum L.) Pada Tikus Putih Jantan Yang Diinduksi Karagenan, Fadlina Chany Saputri, Rita Zahara

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Kemangi (Ocimum americanum L.) is an aromatic plant that contains citral and known as anti-inflammatory agents. The aim of this study was to determine the anti-inflammatory activity of the essential oil kemangi leaves on carrageenan-induced rat. The male rats were divided into six groups, each consisting of four rats. Group I as negative control was given 0.5% CMC solution, group II as positive control was given diclofenac sodium, group III was given sitral, groups IV, V and VI were given 40 mg/200 g BW, 80 mg/200 g BW, and 160 mg/200 g BW essential oil of ...


Pengaruh Cara Pengeringan Simplisia Daun Senggani (Melastoma Malabathricum L.) Terhadap Aktivitas Antioksidan Menggunakan Metode Dpph (2,2-Difenil-1-Pikrilhidrazil), Sri Luliana, Nera Umilia Purwanti, Kris Natalia Manihuruk 2016 Program Studi Farmasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Tanjungpura, Pontianak. 78124

Pengaruh Cara Pengeringan Simplisia Daun Senggani (Melastoma Malabathricum L.) Terhadap Aktivitas Antioksidan Menggunakan Metode Dpph (2,2-Difenil-1-Pikrilhidrazil), Sri Luliana, Nera Umilia Purwanti, Kris Natalia Manihuruk

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Drying is the most important step to keep the compound stability in simplicia. The objective of this research is to know the effect of drying methods on antioxidant activity in Melastoma malabathricum L. The drying methods tested were oven-drying at 40°C, direct sunlight, indirect sunlight, air-drying at ± 25°C and fresh samples as control. Result revealed that the drying methods of simplicia were significant differences for antioxidant activity in Melastoma malabathricum L. (p < 0,05). Drying method that has the highest antioxidant activity was by air-drying at ± 25°C is 54.60 %.


Evaluation Of Accurate Dietary Supplement Product Labeling, Laura Hitchcock, Brandon Kong, Hoang Pham, John Redwanski 2016 University of New England

Evaluation Of Accurate Dietary Supplement Product Labeling, Laura Hitchcock, Brandon Kong, Hoang Pham, John Redwanski

Pharmacy Practice Faculty Posters

Herbal supplement sales in the U.S. increased by 7.5% between 2014 and 2015, from $6.441 billion to $6.922 billion, according to newly released data from the Nutrition Business Journal (NBJ). Dietary supplements and over-the-counter medications (OTC’s) do not have to be proven safe or effective before being sold to consumers like prescription medications. Under the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994, manufacturers only have to prove their product causes no harm to consumers. Dietary supplement labels are not reliable, since they are not regulated. Without verification a consumer cannot be sure that what ...


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