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Natural Products Chemistry and Pharmacognosy Commons

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Lipid Peroxidation Inhibition Activity Of Sintrong (Crassocephalum Crepidioi-Des) Leaf Extract In Rats Consuming Arak Jembrana, Ni Putu Widayanti, Ayu Saka Laksmita W, Desak Putu Risky Vidika Apriyanthi, I G K Nyoman Arijana 2020 Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Universitas Bali International, Denpasar 80239

Lipid Peroxidation Inhibition Activity Of Sintrong (Crassocephalum Crepidioi-Des) Leaf Extract In Rats Consuming Arak Jembrana, Ni Putu Widayanti, Ayu Saka Laksmita W, Desak Putu Risky Vidika Apriyanthi, I G K Nyoman Arijana

Makara Journal of Science

The present study was conducted to determine the antioxidant activity of sintrong (Crassocephalum crepidioides) leaf extract to inhibiting lipid peroxidation by decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) level in the blood plasma of rats consuming arak Jembrana. The process of making sintrong leaf extract used 96% ethanol with maceration techniques. In vivo testing used five groups: (1) a control group, (2) treatment with arak, (3) treatment with arak followed by extract at a dose of 37.5 mg/kgBW, (4) treatment with arak followed by extract at a dose of 50 mg/kgBW, and (5) treatment with arak followed by extract at a ...


Structural Characterization And In Vitro Lipid Binding Studies Of Non-Specific Lipid Transfer Protein 1 (Nsltp1) From Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare) Seeds, Mekdes Megeressa, Bushra Siraj, Shamshad Zarina, Aftab Ahmed 2020 Chapman University

Structural Characterization And In Vitro Lipid Binding Studies Of Non-Specific Lipid Transfer Protein 1 (Nsltp1) From Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare) Seeds, Mekdes Megeressa, Bushra Siraj, Shamshad Zarina, Aftab Ahmed

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Non-specific lipid transfer proteins (nsLTPs) are cationic proteins involved in intracellular lipid shuttling in growth and reproduction, as well as in defense against pathogenic microbes. Even though the primary and spatial structures of some nsLTPs from different plants indicate their similar features, they exhibit distinct lipid-binding specificities signifying their various biological roles that dictate further structural study. The present study determined the complete amino acid sequence, in silico 3D structure modeling, and the antiproliferative activity of nsLTP1 from fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) seeds. Fennel is a member of the family Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region. It ...


The Treatment And Management Of Chronic Pain Using Cbd, Emily Davis 2020 Murray State University

The Treatment And Management Of Chronic Pain Using Cbd, Emily Davis

Honors College Theses

Chronic pain is a common debilitating condition in the United States. The treatment of chronic pain is complex and can sometimes lead to addiction of opioid medications. However, there is another, more natural option in the treatment of chronic pain—the use of CBD, cannabidiol which is a phytocannabinoid from hemp and marijuana, for the treatment and management of chronic pain. While CBD is labeled a schedule I drug by the Food and Drug Administration in the United States, there is evidence that CBD can make an impact on the severity of pain, the amount of opioids in use, and ...


Potential Risk Factors For Mortality Due To Cardiovascular Disease Among Hemodialysed Patients In Indonesia, Diana Laila Ramatillah, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Kashif Ullah Khan 2020 Pharmacy Faculty, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

Potential Risk Factors For Mortality Due To Cardiovascular Disease Among Hemodialysed Patients In Indonesia, Diana Laila Ramatillah, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Kashif Ullah Khan

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Severe vascular calcifications, alterations in cardiovascular structure and function, immune dysfunction, and anemia are adverse effects of parathyroid hormone (PTH), which may contribute to increase risk factors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among renal failure patients. To evaluate the potential risk factors for mortality due to cardiovascular disease among hemodialysed patients in Indonesia, this cohort study was conducted. This study included 178 patients on hemodialysis who had been followed up two times a week for nine months (prospective cohort) and 185 patients who died in the last five years (retrospective cohort). Universal sampling technique were used to select the study ...


Antioxidant And Elastase Inhibitor Potential Of Petals And Receptacle Of Rose Flower (Rosa Damascena), Evi Mawarni, Chrismis Novalinda Ginting, Linda Chiuman, Ermi Girsang, Rr. Anisa Siwianti Handayani, Wahyu Widowati 2020 Universitas Prima Indonesia, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia

Antioxidant And Elastase Inhibitor Potential Of Petals And Receptacle Of Rose Flower (Rosa Damascena), Evi Mawarni, Chrismis Novalinda Ginting, Linda Chiuman, Ermi Girsang, Rr. Anisa Siwianti Handayani, Wahyu Widowati

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Free radicals can cause damage to cells or tissues, autoimmune diseases, degenerative diseases, or cancer. Therefore, the body needs important substances, namely antioxidants that can help protect the body by reducing negative effect from free radicals. Rose flower (Rosa damascena) has anthocyanin pigment which belongs to flavonoid group which has a function as antioxidant or free radical scavenger. This study aims to determine antioxidant and anti-elastase potentials of rose petals and receptacles. The method used in this study was a qualitative phytochemical test to determine the compounds contained in the Rose Petal Extract (RPE) and Rose Receptacle Extract (RRE), ABTS ...


Epigenetic Diet To Modulate Immune Response Against Sars-Cov-2, Andika Andika, Risa Ahdyani, Linda Erlina, Azminah Azminah, Arry Yanuar 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muhammadiyah Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia

Epigenetic Diet To Modulate Immune Response Against Sars-Cov-2, Andika Andika, Risa Ahdyani, Linda Erlina, Azminah Azminah, Arry Yanuar

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The COVID-19 pandemic has spread to various parts of the world and caused many deaths. The victims are infected by SARS-CoV-2, a new type of coronavirus that has appeared since December 2019 and caused respiratory symptoms, fever, coughing, and shortness of breath. In addition to social distancing, wearing masks and washing hands, diet is important as a defense of the body against SARS-CoV-2. In this review, researchers conducted epigenetic diet studies that could potentially inhibit SARS-CoV-2, and can be consumed and used on a daily basis.


A Study On The Formulation Of Plant Matrix Tablets From Coarse Botanical Materials Using Cinnamon Bark And Areca Nut As The Model Botanical Materials, Natalia Veronica, Xiu Hui Ang, Shing Ming Ooi, Celine Valeria Liew, Paul Wan Sia Heng 2020 GEA-NUS Pharmaceutical Processing Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore, Singapore

A Study On The Formulation Of Plant Matrix Tablets From Coarse Botanical Materials Using Cinnamon Bark And Areca Nut As The Model Botanical Materials, Natalia Veronica, Xiu Hui Ang, Shing Ming Ooi, Celine Valeria Liew, Paul Wan Sia Heng

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Background: There is much interest in formulating botanical materials into tablets due to the compactness and ease of administration. However, tableting of coarse milled botanical materials poses a challenge due to poor tableting properties. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of wet granulation to produce tablets from coarse milled botanical materials and to assess the effect of formulation on properties of the tablets. Materials and Methods: Cinnamon bark and areca nut were milled to obtain 1–2 mm particle size, which was subsequently used in wet granulation using maltodextrin solution as a granulating liquid. Two diluents were tried; microcrystalline cellulose (MCC ...


Antagonistic Drug-Herb Interactions Between Clinacanthus Nutans And Cyclophosphamide On Wrl 68 Cell Line, Nurliana Abd Mutalib, Normala Abd Latip 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Selangor, 43200, Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Antagonistic Drug-Herb Interactions Between Clinacanthus Nutans And Cyclophosphamide On Wrl 68 Cell Line, Nurliana Abd Mutalib, Normala Abd Latip

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Clinacanthus nutans (Acanthaceae), locally known as Sabah snake grass, is popularly taken as prevention as well as treatment for cancer in Malaysia, despite lack of concrete clinical evidence. However, it is crucial to evaluate potential antagonistic, additive, or synergistic interactions that may result from the co-treatment of this plant in chemotherapy. In this study, we demonstrate the drug-herb interaction using combination treatment of C. nutans extracts and cyclophosphamide on the WRL 68 cell line. Materials and Methods: Aqueous and 70% ethanol extract of C. nutans leaves were prepared using decoction and maceration methods. MTT assay was used to test single ...


Effect Of Cannabidiol And ∆9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Concentration On Breast Cancer Cell Viability, Dorothy Achiaa Agyemang 2020 University of Northern Colorado

Effect Of Cannabidiol And ∆9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Concentration On Breast Cancer Cell Viability, Dorothy Achiaa Agyemang

Ursidae: The Undergraduate Research Journal at the University of Northern Colorado

-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are phytocannabinoids that have a potential impact in cancer treatments. Studies have shown that certain cannabinoids cause cancer cells to die, but only with selective concentrations, which have not been well documented. The first study of this thesis was to determine the exact concentration of CBD and THC needed to kill human MCF-7 breast cancer cells rather than create mass multiplication leading to more growth of the cancer. To conduct this experiment, cell culture was performed with a MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. The treatment groups were treated with CBD or THC at varying concentrations ...


The Potential Roles Of Jamu For Covid-19: A Learn From The Traditional Chinese Medicine, Dwi Hartanti, Binar Asrining Dhiani, Shintia Lintang Charisma, Retno Wahyuningrum 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, Indonesia

The Potential Roles Of Jamu For Covid-19: A Learn From The Traditional Chinese Medicine, Dwi Hartanti, Binar Asrining Dhiani, Shintia Lintang Charisma, Retno Wahyuningrum

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

As the pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues while there is no drug and vaccine available, every effort to discover one should be considered. This review aimed to discuss the potential use of jamu, the Indonesian traditional herbal medicine, to deal with COVID-19 by following those of more-established traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The online literature search using the PubMed database, as well as the circulars from the Indonesian Ministry of Health, were carried out to collect data up to June 07, 2020. The use of TCM for the treatment and prevention of COVID-19 has been officiated in the ...


Sars-Cov-2: Virology And Drug Repurposing Approaches, Ratika Rahmasari, Heri Setiawan, Rezi Riadhi Syahdi, Ayun Arifianti, Marina Ika Irianti, Rani Sauriasari, Juliann Nzembi Makau, Muhareva Raekiansyah 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia

Sars-Cov-2: Virology And Drug Repurposing Approaches, Ratika Rahmasari, Heri Setiawan, Rezi Riadhi Syahdi, Ayun Arifianti, Marina Ika Irianti, Rani Sauriasari, Juliann Nzembi Makau, Muhareva Raekiansyah

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

An emerging coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, is the causative agent for the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which has caused a worldwide social and economic disruption. Currently, no antiviral drugs with proven clinical efficacy, or vaccines for its prevention. Therefore, to combat the pandemic of this novel coronavirus, new effective treatments are urgently needed. In the process of traditional drug development, developing new drugs from scratch is a time- consuming process, requires high-investment, and is a high-risk process, which is impractical to face the immediate global challenge of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Drug repurposing strategy is one of the effective ways ...


Remdesivir: Mechanism And Effectiveness For Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19), Vina Neldi, Suharjono Suharjono 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Remdesivir: Mechanism And Effectiveness For Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19), Vina Neldi, Suharjono Suharjono

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Currently, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a very serious health problem. The World Health Organization (WHO) has characterized this disease as a pandemic. Recommendations related to vaccines and drugs are not available yet because they are still in the clinical trial phase, and one of the superior drugs is remdesivir which has an antiviral activity. Several clinical trials of this drug are being carried out with the aim of evaluating its safety and efficacy in COVID-19 patients. There are two clinical trials with completed recruitment status, which are NCT04257656 and NCT04280705. NCT04257656 showed that remdesivir had faster time for clinical ...


Chloroquine: An Old To Be Repurposed Drug For Covid-19 Infection (Risk And Benefit), Oki Nugraha Putra, Ana Khusnul Faizah, Nani Wijayanti Dyah Nurrahman, Hardiyono Hardiyono 2020 Study Program of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Hang Tuah University, Surabaya, Indonesia

Chloroquine: An Old To Be Repurposed Drug For Covid-19 Infection (Risk And Benefit), Oki Nugraha Putra, Ana Khusnul Faizah, Nani Wijayanti Dyah Nurrahman, Hardiyono Hardiyono

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) with a high rate of mortality. Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have been used for antimalarial and autoimmune diseases for many years. Due to low toxicity and well tolerability as well as immunomodulatory properties, these drugs are proposed to treat viral infection. Some studies, both in vitro and in a clinical setting, have been evaluated for their ability to treat SARS- CoV-2 as promising therapies. Although The National Agency of Drugs and Food Control of The Republic of Indonesia issued emergency authorization for chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine to be used against ...


Prediction Of Asiatic Acid Derivatives Affinity Against Sars-Cov-2 Main Protease Using Molecular Docking, Ida Musfiroh, Alia Resti Azura, Driyanti Rahayu 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia

Prediction Of Asiatic Acid Derivatives Affinity Against Sars-Cov-2 Main Protease Using Molecular Docking, Ida Musfiroh, Alia Resti Azura, Driyanti Rahayu

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

COVID-19 is a pandemic that currently occurs in almost all parts of the world, caused by a new coronavirus species that can infect humans, namely SARS-CoV-2. To date, there is no effective drug to treat COVID-19. There are studies proving that the secondary metabolites of pentacyclic triterpenes have antiviral activity, one of which is asiatic acid. The aims of this study are to obtain the affinity and interactions of asiatic acid derivative structures in inhibiting the main protease of SARS-CoV-2. The research method was molecular docking of asiatic acid and its derivatives against the main protease of SARS-CoV-2 (6LU7) consisting ...


Dermaseptin-Based Antiviral Peptides To Prevent Covid-19 Through In Silico Molecular Docking Studies Against Sars-Cov-2 Spike Protein, Taufik Muhammad Fakih 2020 Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Islam Bandung, Indonesia

Dermaseptin-Based Antiviral Peptides To Prevent Covid-19 Through In Silico Molecular Docking Studies Against Sars-Cov-2 Spike Protein, Taufik Muhammad Fakih

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

A pandemic coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has now been declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization. The search for new drugs, especially by utilizing antiviral peptides is a very potential area. Through this study, protein-peptide docking and protein-protein docking simulations were conducted using in silico methods to identify, evaluate, and explore the molecular affinity and interaction of dermaseptin peptide molecules produced by frogs of the genus Phyllomedusa against the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein macromolecule, and its effect on attachment to the surface of the ACE-2 (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme-2) receptor ...


In-Vitro Assessment Of Cb1/Cb2 Receptor Binding And Function, Joey M. Davis 2020 University of Mississippi

In-Vitro Assessment Of Cb1/Cb2 Receptor Binding And Function, Joey M. Davis

Honors Theses

Cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 are G protein-coupled receptors that have a variety of physiological effects on the human body. Many natural product agonists and antagonists are presumed to interact with the cannabinoid receptors and are therefore heavily studied in drug discovery. Assays are used to study the binding of compounds to these receptors. However, a limited number of these assays are efficient in determining the functional activity of ligands associated with CB1 and CB2. Of those, many use radioactivity which is both expensive and potentially dangerous to the researcher. In this study, we first validated the assays already found ...


Impacts Of Embryonic Exposure To Cannabidiol Or ∆9-Tetrahydrocannabinol On Zebrafish (Danio Rerio) Frailty In F0 And F1 Generations, Anika Faruque 2020 University of Mississippi

Impacts Of Embryonic Exposure To Cannabidiol Or ∆9-Tetrahydrocannabinol On Zebrafish (Danio Rerio) Frailty In F0 And F1 Generations, Anika Faruque

Honors Theses

Exposure to cannabinoids during critical development periods has increased with epileptic children being commonly prescribed CBD for seizures and pregnant women taking it recreationally. Many studies have been done on the possible benefits and drawbacks of cannabinoid exposure on the human brain, but not much is known about how it can affect the developing brain long-term. To see the potential adverse effects of cannabinoid exposure during critical stages of development and discover potential developmental origins of disease in consuming cannabinoids during embryogenesis, zebrafish embryos (6-96 hours post fertilization) were exposed to varying concentrations of CBD (0.02, 0.1, 0 ...


The Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Largazole: A Potential Chemotherapeutic Agent, Hannah Lynn Carson 2020 University of Mississippi

The Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor Largazole: A Potential Chemotherapeutic Agent, Hannah Lynn Carson

Honors Theses

Histone deacetylase enzymes are known for their inherent activity as epigenetic modifiers. Although, they have become recognized for their role in cancer progression and other diseases. But also, histone deacetylases have other non-histone targets, for example, microtubules, which play important roles in cancer metastasis, apoptosis, and replication. With histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi), our research explored HDACi effects on breast cancer cell lines. The overall goal was to understand the potential of largazole, a class one histone deacetylase inhibitor on breast cancer cell lines. The research consisted of two parts: sulforhodamine B (SRB) viability assays under hypoxic and normoxic conditions. The ...


Profil Terapi Antihipertensi Dan Antihiperlipidemia Terhadap Fungsi Ginjal Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Dengan Komplikasi Penyakit Ginjal Kronis Di Rsup Dr. Hasan Sadikin, Fitri Rachmaini, Lia Amalia, Cherry Rahayu 2020 Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Andalas, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia

Profil Terapi Antihipertensi Dan Antihiperlipidemia Terhadap Fungsi Ginjal Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Dengan Komplikasi Penyakit Ginjal Kronis Di Rsup Dr. Hasan Sadikin, Fitri Rachmaini, Lia Amalia, Cherry Rahayu

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) complication increases the risk of morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DMT2) patients. The presence of hypertension and dyslipidemia as comorbidity increases the risk of macrovascular and microvascular complications and further adding to the list of drugs used. Management of this comorbidity is essential to prevent cardiovascular events and minimize kidney damage. This study aimed to evaluate therapeutic profile of antihypertensive and antihyperlipidemia drugs towards kidney function in DMT2 patients with CKD complication at Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital. Study was done by using a prospective single cohort design with consecutive sampling technique and obtained ...


Formulasi Gel Ekstrak Daun Kelor (Moringa Oleifera Lamk) Sebagai Sediaan Antiinflamasi, Nining Sugihartini, Syauqul Jannah, Tedjo Yuwono 2020 Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Jakarta, Indonesia

Formulasi Gel Ekstrak Daun Kelor (Moringa Oleifera Lamk) Sebagai Sediaan Antiinflamasi, Nining Sugihartini, Syauqul Jannah, Tedjo Yuwono

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The development of anti-inflammatory gel of Moringa oleifera leaf extract has been performed. This study aimed to determine the physical properties, irritation index and anti-inflammatory activity of gel with various concentration of Moringa oleifera leaf extract. The extract was obtained by maceration method using ethanol 70%. The extracts were formulated in a gel with a concentration of 3%, 6%, 9% by using Carbopol 940 as gelling agent. The gel was evaluated for its physical properties (viscosity, pH, spreadability, adhesivity), irritation index with rabbit test animals and anti-inflammatory activity with mice test animals based on epidermal thickness parameters. The test results ...


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