Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Natural Products Chemistry and Pharmacognosy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

352 Full-Text Articles 1,002 Authors 294,060 Downloads 70 Institutions

All Articles in Natural Products Chemistry and Pharmacognosy

Faceted Search

352 full-text articles. Page 2 of 17.

An Investigation Into The Use Of An Herbal Labor Induction Tincture Containing Black Cohosh, Cramp Bark, Partridgeberry, And Motherwort On Contractile Responses Produced From Isolated Strips Of Mouse Uterine Tissues, Clayton Neuenschwander, Katrina Wu, Teresa F. DeGolier 2021 Bethel University

An Investigation Into The Use Of An Herbal Labor Induction Tincture Containing Black Cohosh, Cramp Bark, Partridgeberry, And Motherwort On Contractile Responses Produced From Isolated Strips Of Mouse Uterine Tissues, Clayton Neuenschwander, Katrina Wu, Teresa F. Degolier

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

Introduction: Alternative solutions in the form of herbal remedies meant to ease or expedite the process of labor have often been pursued and administered but have seldom been quantitatively tested for efficacy. Published research has shown some validation for some commonly used herbs such as blue cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides), red raspberry (Rubus idaeus), castor bean (Ricinus communis) and evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) on isolated mouse uterine strips. Methods: This study tested an array of herbs used by midwives in a labor induction tincture, which included black cohosh (Actaea racemosa), cramp bark (Viburnum opulus), partridgeberry (Mitchella repens), and motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ...


Collagen-Based Biomaterials With Possible Therapeutic Effects, Ramona Mihaela Nedelcuţă, Gigi Călin, Mihai Cristian Nedelcuţă, Vlad Dumitru Baleanu, Dragos Virgil Davitoiu, Bogdan Socea, Bogdan-Petre Stănoiu 2021 CRAIOVA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRICS, CRAIOVA, ROMANIA

Collagen-Based Biomaterials With Possible Therapeutic Effects, Ramona Mihaela Nedelcuţă, Gigi Călin, Mihai Cristian Nedelcuţă, Vlad Dumitru Baleanu, Dragos Virgil Davitoiu, Bogdan Socea, Bogdan-Petre Stănoiu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a rare, serious genetic disease, incurable through the current means. Apart from this initial definition, there was later some ease in the definition of the disease, including the manifestations of toxic epidermal necrolysis and Stevens Johnson syndrome in this entity. In medical practice, there are cases that do not overlap with the description in the literature, thus the treatment must be adapted and personalized to the particularities. We present the case of a female new-born, with "de novo" mutation for the early-onset antenatal epidermolysis and our personalized therapeutic management, based on collagen from bovine corneas by ...


Chemical Properties, Biological Activities And Poisoning Treatment Of Novichok: A Review, Tesia Aisyah Rahmania, Bantari Wisynu Kusuma Wardhani, Editha Renesteen, Yahdiana Harahap 2021 Faculty of Military Pharmacy, Indonesia Defense University, Bogor. West Java. Indonesia

Chemical Properties, Biological Activities And Poisoning Treatment Of Novichok: A Review, Tesia Aisyah Rahmania, Bantari Wisynu Kusuma Wardhani, Editha Renesteen, Yahdiana Harahap

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Novichok is an organophosphate compound found as a nerve agent chemical weapon. However, the information about its chemical properties, biological activities, and molecular interactions in the body are still protected under the “top secret” security clearance. Novichok, with the codes A230, A232 and A234, is a compound whose structure has been successfully determined. The compound is synthesized from a precursor through a nucleophilic substitution reaction. Novichok agents are considered more potent than VX gas and can be applied in unitary and binary forms. This compound has ability for the binding with acetylcholinesterase (AChE) due to inability of acetylcholine metabolism. AChE ...


Validation Method For Simultaneous Analysis Of Betamethasone Dipropionate And Retinoic Acid In Cream Formulation By Ultra High-Performance Liquid Chromatography, Supandi Supandi, Umar Mansyur, Annisa Ananda Ranie, Linda Mazroatul Ulya 2021 Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University, Jakarta, Indonesia

Validation Method For Simultaneous Analysis Of Betamethasone Dipropionate And Retinoic Acid In Cream Formulation By Ultra High-Performance Liquid Chromatography, Supandi Supandi, Umar Mansyur, Annisa Ananda Ranie, Linda Mazroatul Ulya

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

A simple, precise and rapid reverse phase UHPLC-PDA method has been developed and validated for the simultaneous analysis of betamethasone dipropionate (BTM) and retinoic acid (REA) in whitening cream dosage form. The mixture of betamethasone dipropionate (BTM) and retinoic acid (REA) was separated on Phenomenex Bonclone 10 C18 (150 mm x 3.9 mm) column. All separations were performed with a Dionex 3000 Photodiode Array (PDA) detector on 240 nm and 340 nm wavelength, column temperature at 40oC, and flow rate at 1.0 ml/min. The mobile phase was methanol-acetic acid 0.1% (85:15) with pH 5. The ...


The Effect Of Ethanol Extract Of Punica Granatum Linn. Leaves On Lipid Profiles Of Dyslipidemic Rat, Neng Fisheri Kurniati, Afrillia Nuryanti Garmana, Lia Nurul Sakinah 2021 Department of Pharmacology-Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia

The Effect Of Ethanol Extract Of Punica Granatum Linn. Leaves On Lipid Profiles Of Dyslipidemic Rat, Neng Fisheri Kurniati, Afrillia Nuryanti Garmana, Lia Nurul Sakinah

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

It has been reported that peel of Punica granatum has antidyslipidemic activity. The aim of this research was to investigate the antidyslipidemic activity of Punica granatum leaf. The dried Punica granatum leaves were extracted with 96% ethanol. Rats were divided into several groups, which were normal, positive control, simvastatin at a dose of 10 mg/kg bw as reference group, and Punica granatum extract at a dose of 100 mg/kg. Before treatment, male Wistar rats were fed with high cholesterol chow for 3 months, and then plant extract was given for 4 weeks. Blood samples were collected at week ...


Complexation Of Glycoalkaloid Α- Tomatine With Sterols And Its Potential Application As An Anti-Cancer Drug, Bishal Nepal 2021 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Complexation Of Glycoalkaloid Α- Tomatine With Sterols And Its Potential Application As An Anti-Cancer Drug, Bishal Nepal

Dissertations

Glycoalkaloids (GAs) are secondary metabolites found mostly in higher plant species and some marine invertebrates. They are known to form complexes with 3β-hydroxy sterols such as cholesterol causing membrane disruption. So far the visual evidence showcasing the complexes formed between glycoalkaloids and sterols has been mainly restricted to some earlier studies using Brewster angle microscopy. This study aimed to develop a method for topographic and morphological analysis of sterol-glycoalkaloid complexes. Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) transfer of monolayers comprising of glycoalkaloid tomatine, sterols, and lipids in varying molar ratios onto mica followed by AFM examination was performed. The AFM method used required minimal ...


Crohn’S Disease And Omega 3: Can It Decrease Crp? A Literature Review, Ariana L. Vyvjala 2021 Southeastern University - Lakeland

Crohn’S Disease And Omega 3: Can It Decrease Crp? A Literature Review, Ariana L. Vyvjala

Bachelors of Science in Nursing

The Crohn’s and Colitis foundation of America estimates that 70,000 Americans are diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) each year (2021). Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease characterized by periods of remission and exacerbation triggered by an increase in stress (Mackner et al., 2020). Patients can experience debilitating abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue, blood in the stool, and reduced appetite during an exacerbation period, all of which can lead to life-threatening complications (Mayo Clinic, 2020). In most cases, patients are diagnosed in their late teens or early adulthood years, and are prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs (Mayo Clinic, 2020 ...


Apigenin And Structurally Related Flavonoids Allosterically Potentiate The Function Of Human Α7-Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors Expressed In Sh-Ep1 Cells, Waheed Shabbir, Keun-Hang Susan Yang, Bassem Sadek, Murat Oz 2021 University of California, San Francisco

Apigenin And Structurally Related Flavonoids Allosterically Potentiate The Function Of Human Α7-Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors Expressed In Sh-Ep1 Cells, Waheed Shabbir, Keun-Hang Susan Yang, Bassem Sadek, Murat Oz

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Phytochemicals, such as monoterpenes, polyphenols, curcuminoids, and flavonoids, are known to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, neuroprotective, and procognitive effects. In this study, the effects of several polyhydroxy flavonoids, as derivatives of differently substituted 5,7-dihydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one including apigenin, genistein, luteolin, kaempferol, quercetin, gossypetin, and phloretin with different lipophilicities (cLogP), as well as topological polar surface area (TPSA), were tested for induction of Ca2+ transients by α7 human nicotinic acetylcholine (α7 nACh) receptors expressed in SH-EP1 cells. Apigenin (10 μM) caused a significant potentiation of ACh (30 μM)-induced Ca2+ transients, but did not affect Ca2+ transients induced by high ...


Psychedelics Can Save: The Scientific And Social Case For Rescheduling Psychedelic Compounds, Galen M. Fader 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Psychedelics Can Save: The Scientific And Social Case For Rescheduling Psychedelic Compounds, Galen M. Fader

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Comprehensive In Silico Analysis Of Christinin Molecular Behaviour From Ziziphus Spina-Christi Leaves On Propionibacterium Acnes, Fitrianti Darusman, Taufik Muhammad Fakih 2021 Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Islam Bandung, West Java, Indonesia

Comprehensive In Silico Analysis Of Christinin Molecular Behaviour From Ziziphus Spina-Christi Leaves On Propionibacterium Acnes, Fitrianti Darusman, Taufik Muhammad Fakih

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The role of in silico studies in the discovery of new drugs is very important and interesting in the recent years, where the results can be used as confirmation of the results of in vitro tests carried out experimentally in the laboratory. One of the herbal ingredients is Ziziphus spina-christi leaves with effective antibacterial activity, such as for acne-causing bacteria, namely Propionibacterium acnes. This is because it contains main secondary metabolites with saponins as the major components which contain christinin as its active compound. There are four known types of christinin, namely christinin-A, christinin-B, christinin-C, and christinin-D. In this study ...


A Review: Composition Of Neonatal Meconium Microbiota And Its Role For Potential Probiotic, Devi Oktaviyani, Raden Zulfa 'Alawiyyah, Putri Nusaiba, Amarila Malik 2021 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia

A Review: Composition Of Neonatal Meconium Microbiota And Its Role For Potential Probiotic, Devi Oktaviyani, Raden Zulfa 'Alawiyyah, Putri Nusaiba, Amarila Malik

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Early-life period (≤ 1 month after birth) is critical for determining long- and short-term health of neonates. Composition of neonates’ gut microbiota varies greatly between individuals whose development is influenced by various factors including differences in maternal diet and lifestyle during pregnancy, related to population and ethnicity. Balanced microbial composition can create symbiosis among commensal microbes, immunomodulatory compound production, and subsequent immune response regulation. Unbalanced microbiota composition, characterized by more pathogenic organism, less diversity, and less resistance to disease, is called dysbiosis. Probiotic bacteria are a bacteria group contributing to the balance of neonates’ gut microbiota. Probiotic bacterial strains, such as ...


Identification Of Adverse Drug Reactions In Congestive Heart Failure Patients In A Tertiary Care Hospital, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, Dita Marina Lupitaningrum, Putri Ramdaniah, Depi Yuliana 2021 University of Qamarul Huda Badaruddin, Central Lombok

Identification Of Adverse Drug Reactions In Congestive Heart Failure Patients In A Tertiary Care Hospital, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, Dita Marina Lupitaningrum, Putri Ramdaniah, Depi Yuliana

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is a progressive health problem with high mortality and morbidity and has the potential to develop adverse drug reactions (ADRs). This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of potential ADRs, the types of drugs that cause ADRs, the types of ADRs, and the risk factors that affect the ADRs in CHF patients. Data were collected using medical record of hospitalized patient at the West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) Provincial Hospital, Indonesia, in 2017 to 2019. The assessment of the causality and severity of ADRs used the Naranjo algorithm and the Hartwig and Siegel scale. This study ...


Interpersonal Relationship And Its Effect On Treatment Compliance In Patients With Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus, Fransiskus Samuel Renaldi, Woro Riyadina, Muhammad Qamar, Rani Sauriasari 2021 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia

Interpersonal Relationship And Its Effect On Treatment Compliance In Patients With Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus, Fransiskus Samuel Renaldi, Woro Riyadina, Muhammad Qamar, Rani Sauriasari

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Type-2 diabetes mellitus has become a chronic disease that can lead to serious complications and can only be prevented by compliant treatment of the patients. Compliance can be influenced by various factors, one of which is interpersonal factors. This study aimed to identify various interpersonal relationship problems between patients and healthcare workers that can affect their treatment compliance behavior. This study employed a qualitative design with phenomenological methods. This research was conducted in Central Bogor City in March-August 2020. The data were collected by conducting in-depth interviews with 20 type-2 diabetes mellitus patients who had been confirmed by the Community ...


Preliminary Characterization, Antioxidant And Antiproliferative Properties Of Polysaccharide From Caulerpa Taxifolia, Ariane Marie Bayro, Joanne Katherine Manlusoc, Renaliza Alonte, Catherine Caniel, Patrick Conde, Carlo Embralino 2021 College of Pharmacy, Adamson University, 900 San Marcelino Ermita, Manila Philippines

Preliminary Characterization, Antioxidant And Antiproliferative Properties Of Polysaccharide From Caulerpa Taxifolia, Ariane Marie Bayro, Joanne Katherine Manlusoc, Renaliza Alonte, Catherine Caniel, Patrick Conde, Carlo Embralino

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Macroalgae are abundant sources of bioactive polysaccharides and prospective candidates for effective and non-toxic substances. This study aims to preliminary characterize and determine the in vitro antioxidant activity and cancer cell growth inhibitory activity against human lung adenocarcinoma cell (A549) of the polysaccharide from an invasive green alga, Caulerpa taxifolia. Crude polysaccharide (CP) was extracted from the dried algal sample of C. taxifolia by hot water extraction followed by absolute ethanol precipitation. CP was subjected to preliminary chemical characterization, including protein, carbohydrate, and sulfate content analysis by Kjeldahl titrimetry, acid hydrolysis, gravimetry, and ashing-acid water digestion ion chromatography, respectively. Functional ...


B6: In- Vitro Anticancer Effects Of Cinnamomum Verum J. Presl, Cinnamaldeyde, 4 Hydroxyvcinnamic Acid And Eugenol On An Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cell Line, Saranya Varadarajan, Thodur Madapusi Balaji, Malathi Narasimhan, Durai Pandian Chamundeeswari, Dhanapal Sakthisekaran 2021 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Sri Venkateswara Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, India.

B6: In- Vitro Anticancer Effects Of Cinnamomum Verum J. Presl, Cinnamaldeyde, 4 Hydroxyvcinnamic Acid And Eugenol On An Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cell Line, Saranya Varadarajan, Thodur Madapusi Balaji, Malathi Narasimhan, Durai Pandian Chamundeeswari, Dhanapal Sakthisekaran

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Anti‑Estrogenic And Anti‑Aromatase Activities Of Citrus Peels Major Compounds In Breast Cancer, Maha Salama, Dina Mahmoud ElKersh, Shahira M. Ezzat, Yasmeen Attiaa, Engy A. Mahrous, Mohey ElMazar 2021 The British University in Egypt

Anti‑Estrogenic And Anti‑Aromatase Activities Of Citrus Peels Major Compounds In Breast Cancer, Maha Salama, Dina Mahmoud Elkersh, Shahira M. Ezzat, Yasmeen Attiaa, Engy A. Mahrous, Mohey Elmazar

Pharmacy

Estrogen signaling is crucial for breast cancer initiation and progression. Endocrine-based therapies comprising estrogen receptor (ER) modulators and aromatase inhibitors remain the mainstay of treatment. This study aimed at investigating the antitumor potential of the most potent compounds in citrus peels on breast cancer by exploring their anti-estrogenic and anti-aromatase activities. The ethanolic extract of different varieties of citrus peels along with eight isolated flavonoids were screened against estrogen-dependent breast cancer cell lines besides normal cells for evaluating their safety profile. Naringenin, naringin and quercetin demonstrated the lowest IC50s and were therefore selected for further assays. In silico molecular modeling ...


Novel Uplc-Ms/Ms Method For Standardization Of Niazimicin Content In Edible Seeds And Leaves Of Moringa Oleifera Lam., Eman M. Abdelsayed, Amira Abdel Motaal, Rasha S. Hanafi 2021 University of Hertfordshire hosted by Global Academic Foundation, Egypt

Novel Uplc-Ms/Ms Method For Standardization Of Niazimicin Content In Edible Seeds And Leaves Of Moringa Oleifera Lam., Eman M. Abdelsayed, Amira Abdel Motaal, Rasha S. Hanafi

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Moringa oleifera (MO) is a highly nutritious plant, whose leaves and seed pods are consumed in Africa, Asia, sub-Himalayan regions and South America. A novel ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for the standardization of the bioactive thiocarbamate compound from MO, niazimicin (NZ) in seeds and leaves, is developed, optimized and validated according to the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines, using desipramine as the internal standard. Multiple reaction monitoring detection of transitions 358.05>106.86 and 266.38 > 193.04 with collision energy of 25V and 40V, respectively were used. A gradient was optimized ...


The Bioactivities Of Resveratrol And Its Naturally Occurring Derivatives On Skin, Ming-Hsien Lin, Chi-Feng Hung, Hsin-Ching Sung, Shih-Chun Yang, Huang-Ping Yu, Jia-You Fang 2021 Chi Mei Medical Center, Taiwan

The Bioactivities Of Resveratrol And Its Naturally Occurring Derivatives On Skin, Ming-Hsien Lin, Chi-Feng Hung, Hsin-Ching Sung, Shih-Chun Yang, Huang-Ping Yu, Jia-You Fang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Resveratrol has been extensively reported as a potential compound to treat some skin disorders, including skin cancer, photoaging, allergy, dermatitis, melanogenesis, and microbial infection. There has been an increasing interest in the discovery of cosmetic application using resveratrol as the active ingredient because of its anti-aging and skin lightening activities. The naturally occurring derivatives of resveratrol also exert a beneficial effect on the skin. There are four groups of resveratrol derivatives, including hydroxylated compounds, methoxylated compounds, glycosides, and oligomers. The major mechanism of resveratrol and its derivatives for attenuating cutaneous neoplasia, photoaging and inflammation, are related with its antioxidative activity ...


Stability Evaluation Of Extemporaneously Compounded Vancomycin Ophthalmic Drops: Effect Of Solvents And Storage Conditions, Christopher Ross, Basir Syed, Joanna Pak, Vishal Jhanji, Jason Yamaki, Ajay Sharma 2021 Chapman University

Stability Evaluation Of Extemporaneously Compounded Vancomycin Ophthalmic Drops: Effect Of Solvents And Storage Conditions, Christopher Ross, Basir Syed, Joanna Pak, Vishal Jhanji, Jason Yamaki, Ajay Sharma

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Vancomycin is the drug of choice for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus keratitis and other ocular infections. Vancomycin ophthalmic drops are not commercially available and require compounding. The present study was designed to investigate the stability of vancomycin ophthalmic drops in normal saline, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and balanced salt solution (BSS) while stored at room temperature or under refrigeration. Vancomycin ophthalmic drops (50 mg/mL) were aseptically prepared from commercially available intravenous powder using PBS, BSS, and saline. Solutions were stored at room temperature and in a refrigerator for 28 days. The vancomycin stability was tested by a microbiology assay and high-performance ...


Science-Based Regulation Of Pharmacological Substances In Competition Horses, Jacob Machin 2021 University of Kentucky

Science-Based Regulation Of Pharmacological Substances In Competition Horses, Jacob Machin

Theses and Dissertations--Toxicology and Cancer Biology

Current testing methodologies within equine forensic toxicology focus on arbitrary thresholds and zero-tolerance policy. Modern analytical chemistry’s limits of detection are low enough that oftentimes femtogram-per-milliliter amounts of a substance can readily be identified in both blood and urine of a horse. For most pharmacologically relevant compounds, these concentrations have no relevance to pharmacological effect. It is therefore crucial that testing methodologies to determine appropriate thresholds and cut-offs be developed that are driven by biological activity rather than arbitrary limits of detection. This dissertation looks to address this by suggesting a system of calculated Effective Plasma Concentrations by which ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress