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Natural Products Chemistry and Pharmacognosy Commons

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Evaluation Of Potential Drug Interaction Of Analgesic In Cancer Patient Receiving Palliative Care In Dharmais Cancer Hospital, Eme Stepani Sitepu, Atika Wahyu Puspitasari, Nuriza Ulul Azmi, Lila Nilam Sari 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia

Evaluation Of Potential Drug Interaction Of Analgesic In Cancer Patient Receiving Palliative Care In Dharmais Cancer Hospital, Eme Stepani Sitepu, Atika Wahyu Puspitasari, Nuriza Ulul Azmi, Lila Nilam Sari

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Analgesics are mostly used in cancer patients receiving palliative care to improve the quality of life of patients. Besides analgesics, cancer patients receiving palliative care were also given other drugs in combination to overcome other symptoms of cancer, and this combination could potentially cause drug interactions. This study was aimed to analyze the potential of drug interactions with analgesics in cancer patients. The study design was cross-sectional with a retrospective method and descriptive study. The sample of this study was cancer palliative care patient’s prescription at Dharmais Cancer Hospital in the period of January – December 2017. The sample analyzed ...


Development Of Ethanolic Extract Of Pinang Masak Jambi (Areca Catechu L.) As A Modulator Of Doxorubicin Cytotoxic Effect In Breast Cancer Therapy, Fitrianingsih Fitrianingsih, Indri Maharini, Diah Tri Utami 2020 Pharmacy Study Program, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia

Development Of Ethanolic Extract Of Pinang Masak Jambi (Areca Catechu L.) As A Modulator Of Doxorubicin Cytotoxic Effect In Breast Cancer Therapy, Fitrianingsih Fitrianingsih, Indri Maharini, Diah Tri Utami

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Doxorubicin is one of the chemotherapy agents that is often used in breast cancer therapy. Phenomenon of breast cancer cell resistance to chemotherapy agents has been traced to the molecular level. The development of compounds that can overcome drug resistance chemotherapy needs to be continuously developed, especially agents with specific molecular targets, namely P-glycoprotein (Pgp), NFkB, cyclin, and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK). Another alternative is the combination of chemotherapy agents with chemopreventive agents (co-chemotherapy) to reduce side effects and increase sensitivity of cancer cells. Doxorubicin is often used in breast cancer therapy. This study was performed to determine the effect of ...


Anti-Proliferative Effects Of A Coumarin Benjaminin On Four Human Cancer Cell Lines, Siau Hui Mah, Soek Sin Teh, Ahmad Azri Fitri Ismail, Gwendoline Cheng Lian Ee 2020 School of Biosciences, Taylor’s University, Lakeside Campus, 47500 Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia

Anti-Proliferative Effects Of A Coumarin Benjaminin On Four Human Cancer Cell Lines, Siau Hui Mah, Soek Sin Teh, Ahmad Azri Fitri Ismail, Gwendoline Cheng Lian Ee

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Cancer is a major health issue around the globe. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are no longer the standard treatments for patients as these remedies lead to many adverse effects. Thus, the development of alternative effective drugs from lead compounds, especially natural products is necessary. This study aimed to isolate cytotoxic phytochemical constituents from a plant Calophyllum inophyllum, which has been used as traditional medicine since ancient time. The root of C. inophyllum was extracted and subjected for phytochemical constituent isolation. A coumarin, benjaminin (1) was isolated successfully from the chloroform extract and its structural elucidation was performed by spectroscopy analyses ...


Ace Inhibitory Activity And Functional Group Analysis Of Solvent- Partitioned Fractions Of Eleusine Indica, Jade Celon Cometa, Liahona Faith Roldan Mancol, Anthony Nalzaro Yen, Joanne Katherine Talens Manlusoc 2020 Adamson University – College of Pharmacy, 900 San Marcelino St. Ermita Manila 1000 Philippines

Ace Inhibitory Activity And Functional Group Analysis Of Solvent- Partitioned Fractions Of Eleusine Indica, Jade Celon Cometa, Liahona Faith Roldan Mancol, Anthony Nalzaro Yen, Joanne Katherine Talens Manlusoc

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Eleusine indica Linn. Gaerth or Indian goose grass has been widely used as an alternative natural anti-hypertensive agent. However, the rationale behind this mechanism is still unknown. The purpose of this study is to confirm the presence of functional groups that may be responsible for its ACE inhibitory activity and its possible synergism. Each solvent-portioned fraction was analyzed by FTIR, individual ACE inhibitory activity, and combination of fractions. FTIR results of solvent- partitioned fractions revealed that O-H and C-H stretches were present in all fractions. In addition to this, C-O and C=O groups were also present in all fractions ...


Assessment Of Depression Among Older Adults Staying In Old Home Care In Klang, Malaysia, Muhammad Qamar, Nurul Zahirah, Sohail Ahmad 2020 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, MAHSA University, Bandar Saujana Putra, 42610 Jenjarom, Kuala Langat, Selangor, Malaysia

Assessment Of Depression Among Older Adults Staying In Old Home Care In Klang, Malaysia, Muhammad Qamar, Nurul Zahirah, Sohail Ahmad

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Mental disorders such as depression are widespread, often underdiagnosed, and usually inappropriately treated. The early recognition of factors that may promote depression with the help of depression screening aid can help to plan better care for the patient. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the depression prevalence among the older adults staying in old home care, to explore any association and differences of depression across various socio-demographic variables, and to study the predictors of depression among study subjects. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 141 elderly by using the validated tool. The study instrument was divided ...


Encapsulation Of Temulawak Extract By Using Nanocrystalline Cassava And Sago Starches And Maltodextrin, Titi Candra Sunarti, Fatimah J. Pasaribu, Christina Winarti 2020 Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB University), Indonesia

Encapsulation Of Temulawak Extract By Using Nanocrystalline Cassava And Sago Starches And Maltodextrin, Titi Candra Sunarti, Fatimah J. Pasaribu, Christina Winarti

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

This study was conducted to evaluate the performance of Curcuma zanthorrhiza crude extract after encapsulated in nanocrystalline starch, and to investigate the effect of the ratio of nanocrystalline starches and maltodextrin; and the effect of concentration of temulawak extract on nanocapsule characteristics, as well as encapsulation effect on the stability of antioxidant activity. Preparation of nanocrystalline starch was conducted by using lintnerization and ethanol precipitation of cassava and sago starches. Nanocrystalline starch and maltodextrin were used as matrices with the ratio varied from 25:75, 50:50, and 75:25. The mixture of temulawak extract and matrices were homogenized and ...


An Exploration Of Electrospun Fibers Containing Drug-Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complexes, Fatimah Fatimah, Zeynep Aytac, Tamer Uyar, George Pasparakis, Gareth R. Williams 2020 UCL School of Pharmacy, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom

An Exploration Of Electrospun Fibers Containing Drug-Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complexes, Fatimah Fatimah, Zeynep Aytac, Tamer Uyar, George Pasparakis, Gareth R. Williams

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

A series of new core-shell fibers were developed containing anticancer drugs (5-fluorouracil or ferulic acid) and their cyclodextrin inclusion complexes, with a gadolinium-based magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent. These were prepared by electrospinning, a simple method for producing ultra-fine fibers through the application of a strong electrostatic force on a polymer solution. The shell of the fibers was formed from Eudragit S100, and the drugs were loaded in the core. Scanning electron microscopy images showed the formation of smooth ribbon-like fibers, with diameters ranging from 1.4 to 5.1 μm, and transmission electron microscopy reveals a transparent interface ...


Interaction Of Thymidine With Sodium Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) Sulfosuccinate In Alcohol And Water: Studies With Uv-Vis Technique, Indu M. Paudel, Ajaya Bhattarai 2020 Department of Chemistry, Central Campus of Technology, Tribhuvan University, Hattisar, Dharan, Nepal

Interaction Of Thymidine With Sodium Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) Sulfosuccinate In Alcohol And Water: Studies With Uv-Vis Technique, Indu M. Paudel, Ajaya Bhattarai

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The accurate measurement of thymidine absorbance in the presence of sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (AOT) in ethanol and water systems at room temperature by UV-vis technique has been reported. The AOT concentrations varied from 0.0005 to 0.014 [mol/L] in ethanol whereas from 0.0002 to 0.042 [mol/L] in water. The concentration of thymidine was 0.0073 [mol/L] during UV-vis spectrum registration. The thymidine spectrum was examined in the presence of AOT concentration. Using a statistical method of non-linear regression (NLREG), thymidine binding and thymidine distribution constants were evaluated. A noticeable decrease in thymidine absorbance ...


Weaving Charlotte's Web: An In-Depth Guide To Cannabidiol, Lauren Pitts 2020 University of Mississippi

Weaving Charlotte's Web: An In-Depth Guide To Cannabidiol, Lauren Pitts

Honors Theses

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, first gathered national spotlight after Charlotte Figi and her mother Paige were able to find two physicians willing to prescribe CBD to treat Charlotte’s seizures. Charlotte suffered from Dravet Syndrome, but was able to find relief from CBD, which decreased the number and severity of her seizures. This sparked national interest and was the catalyst that lead to research and changes surrounding CBD uses and legality. Cannabidiol is a single cannabinoid that is found within the Cannabis sativa plant family—the same family that includes marijuana. This cannabinoid differs from tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and does ...


Pseudomonas And Bacillus As Potential Sources Of Novel Antibiotics, Cory Jayne, Dr. Lori Scott 2020 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Pseudomonas And Bacillus As Potential Sources Of Novel Antibiotics, Cory Jayne, Dr. Lori Scott

Identifying and Characterizing Novel Antibiotic Producing Microbes From the Soil

With an increase in antibiotic resistance within the medical field the need for novel antibiotics is evident. Through collaboration with the Tiny Earth Project Initiative, we hope to find novel antibiotics through bacteria found in soil. We were able to successfully isolate two microbes that showed broad spectrum antibiotics against both Staphylococcus epidermis and Bacillus subtilis. Through further exploration and collaboration with the Tiny Earth Project Initiative, we might be able to discover novel antibiotics.


Lavender Aromatherapy: Ready For Prime-Time Office Use?, Dennis J. Baumgardner 2020 Aurora UW Medical Group, Aurora Health Care

Lavender Aromatherapy: Ready For Prime-Time Office Use?, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The editor-in-chief of Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews comments on the perioperative use of lavender aromatherapy and its potential to relieve pain and anxiety during minor primary care office procedures.


Antiproliferative And Apoptotic Effects Of Proteins From Black Seeds (Nigella Sativa) On Human Breast Mcf-7 Cancer Cell Line, Yamna Khursid, Basir Syed, Shabana U. Simjee, Obaid Beg, Aftab Ahmed 2020 Chapman University

Antiproliferative And Apoptotic Effects Of Proteins From Black Seeds (Nigella Sativa) On Human Breast Mcf-7 Cancer Cell Line, Yamna Khursid, Basir Syed, Shabana U. Simjee, Obaid Beg, Aftab Ahmed

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Nigella sativa (NS), a member of family Ranunculaceae is commonly known as black seed or kalonji. It has been well studied for its therapeutic role in various diseases, particularly cancer. Literature is full of bioactive compounds from NS seed. However, fewer studies have been reported on the pharmacological activity of proteins. The current study was designed to evaluate the anticancer property of NS seed proteins on the MCF-7 cell line.

Methods

NS seed extract was prepared in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and proteins were precipitated using 80% ammonium sulfate. The crude seed proteins were partially purified using gel filtration chromatography ...


Dietary Xanthones, Dina M. El-Kersh, Mohamed A. Farag, Hesham R. ElSeedi, Omar M. Khattab 2020 The British University in Egypt

Dietary Xanthones, Dina M. El-Kersh, Mohamed A. Farag, Hesham R. Elseedi, Omar M. Khattab

Pharmacy

Xanthones, polyphenolic compounds, are one of the most important classes in natural products, as they exhibit variety of pharmacological and health benefits, i.e., anti-obesity, antidiabetic, antioxidant, anti-Alzheimer, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer. Xanthones can be found in higher plants that are used as food sources.


Correlating The Physicochemical Properties Of Magnesium Stearate With Tablet Dissolution And Lubrication, Julie L. Calahan 2020 University of Kentucky

Correlating The Physicochemical Properties Of Magnesium Stearate With Tablet Dissolution And Lubrication, Julie L. Calahan

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

Magnesium stearate (MgSt) is the most commonly used pharmaceutical excipient and is present in over half the tablet formulations on the market. In spite of its popularity as an effective lubricant, it has been repeatedly recognized that there is significant variability between MgSt samples, which can cause inconsistent lubrication between batches of MgSt. The hypothesis of this research is that the batch-to-batch variability in tablet lubrication and dissolution observed in tablet formulations containing different MgSt samples can be correlated with differences in MgSt physicochemical properties (fatty acid salt composition, crystal hydrate form, particle size and surface area). Developing correlations between ...


Model Hewan Coba Pada Penelitian Diabetes, Fauzul Husna, Franciscus D. Suyatna, Wawaimuli Arozal, Erni H. Purwaningsih 2019 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh, Indonesia

Model Hewan Coba Pada Penelitian Diabetes, Fauzul Husna, Franciscus D. Suyatna, Wawaimuli Arozal, Erni H. Purwaningsih

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The animal model has been widely used and contributed vastly to the scientific research over the years. While it can be used as an alternate subject in a study, the selection of the animal is crucial to assess and investigate the influence of the environment and genes on the pathogenesis of a disease. Many factors contribute to the choosing of the animal. They can be ranged from the similarities with the modelled object, easily looked after with less expensive cost, good reproductive performance, ability to produce blood and tissue samples, well-known genetic composition, and the status of the disease can ...


Identification And Evaluation Of Antibacterial Compounds From The Vibrio Sp. Associated With The Ascidian Pycnoclavella Diminuta, Abdurraafi’ Maududi Dermawan, Elin Julianti, Masteria Yunovilsa Putra 2019 School of Pharmacy, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia

Identification And Evaluation Of Antibacterial Compounds From The Vibrio Sp. Associated With The Ascidian Pycnoclavella Diminuta, Abdurraafi’ Maududi Dermawan, Elin Julianti, Masteria Yunovilsa Putra

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

This study aims to obtain secondary metabolites that have antibacterial activity from bacteria endophytic of ascidian Pycnoclavella diminuta collected from the coast of Bitung, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. The research was started with screening antibacterial activity of six bacteria isolated from P. diminuta. The active bacteria were selected for identification using standard biological molecular method and further fermentation to produce secondary metabolites. The isolation of secondary metabolites was conducted by various chromatography method and then selected fraction was based on the antibacterial activity from bioautography results. The result showed that the active isolate by coding M2.Tnk.Bt 5.10-3.2 ...


Chemical Components Of Ocimum Basilicum L. And Ocimum Tenuiflorum L. Stem Essential Oils And Evaluation Of Their Antioxidant Activities Using Dpph Method, Ni Putu Ermi Hikmawanti, Hariyanti, Nurkamalia, Sahera Nurhidayah 2019 Faculty of Pharmacy and Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA, Jakarta, Indonesia

Chemical Components Of Ocimum Basilicum L. And Ocimum Tenuiflorum L. Stem Essential Oils And Evaluation Of Their Antioxidant Activities Using Dpph Method, Ni Putu Ermi Hikmawanti, Hariyanti, Nurkamalia, Sahera Nurhidayah

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Ocimum basilicum L. and Ocimum tenuiflorum L. are two types of plants from Ocimum (Lamiaceae). One of their chemical compounds is essential oil. Essential oil might have an antioxidant activities. The part of the plants which are often wasted and never used are stem. This study aimed to analyze the chemical components of O. basilicum L. and O. tenuiflorum L. stem essential oils and evaluate their antioxidant activities. Essential oils were obtained by steam-water distillation. Analysis of chemical component of essential oil was performed using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS). Antioxidant activities were evaluated with DPPH method and then the IC50 ...


Cytotoxic Activity Of Stem Of Pycnarrhena Cauliflora Through Apoptosis Induction On Human Breast Cancer Cell Line T47d, Masriani, Rudiyansyah, Rini Muharini, Eny Enawaty 2019 Chemistry Education Department, Faculty of Teaching and Education, Tanjungpura University, West Kalimantan, Indonesia

Cytotoxic Activity Of Stem Of Pycnarrhena Cauliflora Through Apoptosis Induction On Human Breast Cancer Cell Line T47d, Masriani, Rudiyansyah, Rini Muharini, Eny Enawaty

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Cytotoxic activities of extracts of Pycnarrhena cauliflora leaves, stems and roots on some human cancer cells have been known. However, the cytotoxicity of stem of Pycnarrhena cauliflora on human breast cancer cell line T47D through an apoptosis induction has not been proven yet. This study was an effort in understanding the cytotoxic activity of stem of Pycnarrhena cauliflora through apoptosis induction. The crude ethanol extract was partitioned between n-hexane and dichloromethane at pH 3, 7 and 9, which was subsequently tested for their cytotoxic activity against human breast cancer cell line T47D by using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)- 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide ...


Cannabinoids For The Treatment Of Chronic Headaches, Kevin Krivanek, Lucy K. Wagala, Brian Heilbronner, Kimberly Loughlin, David Kinder 2019 Ohio Northern University

Cannabinoids For The Treatment Of Chronic Headaches, Kevin Krivanek, Lucy K. Wagala, Brian Heilbronner, Kimberly Loughlin, David Kinder

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Species of the Cannabis plant genus were among the earliest medicinal plants cultivated by man, with historical accounts of their medicinal uses dating back before the Common Era. Despite its current legal status, Cannabis has garnered nationwide attention as a therapeutic agent for various disease states, including chronic headaches, due to its medical indications as an antispastic, analgesic, antiemetic, neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory agent. Since headaches have a high prevalence in the American population and greatly impair simple daily aspects of living, chronic headaches have become a particular point of interest in regard to the therapeutic potential of Cannabis. Clinical trials ...


Marijuana And Its Cardiovascular Implications, Albert Bui, Daniel Powell, Victoria Cho, Kelsey Lindsley, Lindsey Peters 2019 Ohio Northern University

Marijuana And Its Cardiovascular Implications, Albert Bui, Daniel Powell, Victoria Cho, Kelsey Lindsley, Lindsey Peters

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

As marijuana becomes legalized for medical use, it is important for prescribers and pharmacists to be knowledgeable about the important aspects of marijuana such as mechanism of action, indications and abuse potential. Although marijuana's medicinal benefits are frequently reported, the risks, namely cardiovascular risks, associated with its utilization are often overlooked. Use of marijuana has been reported to increase the risk of myocardial infarction, tachycardia and hypotension, among others. Health care providers must determine if marijuana's benefits outweigh such risks when marijuana therapy is an option. It is also important for pharmacists to understand how to successfully counsel ...


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