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Proposal For A Food Systems Spire Of Excellence At The University Of Vermont, Vernon P. Grubinger, et al. 2010 University of Vermont

Proposal For A Food Systems Spire Of Excellence At The University Of Vermont, Vernon P. Grubinger, Et Al.

UVM Extension Faculty Publications

The field of food systems focuses on connections among food production, promotion of human health and well-being, and maintenance of the environment. Modern food systems provide unparalleled productivity but are accompanied by unacceptable levels of diet-related health problems, food-borne disease, hunger and agricultural pollution. Meanwhile solutions are critical within the next 40 years to discern how to provide more food without intensifying environmental damage and concurrently coping with climate change. The University of Vermont is uniquely positioned to address these concerns by generating knowledge through transdisciplinary teaching, research and outreach. Already, more than 100 faculty and 400 community partners are ...


Transplanting Sweet Corn, A Case Study, Vernon P. Grubinger 2010 The University of Vermont

Transplanting Sweet Corn, A Case Study, Vernon P. Grubinger

UVM Extension Faculty Publications

Sweet corn is an important crop for many diversified vegetable farms. Transplanting sweet corn has the advantage of avoiding cold soil germination problems at the beginning of the growing season, enhancing stand establishment, allowing for earlier mechanical cultivation, and promoting earlier harvests that can help attract customers. This case study describes the details of transplanting techniques used by Jon Satz, of Wood's Market Garden in Brandon, Vermont. Jon helped pioneer the use of transplanting for sweet corn. Some of his early knowledge about this technique was acquired through work funded by a Northeast SARE Farmer Grant in 2003.


Sunflower Seeding Rate X Nitrogen Rate Trial Report, Heather Darby, Philip Halteman, Erica Cummings, Amanda Gervais, Rosalie Madden 2010 University of Vermont

Sunflower Seeding Rate X Nitrogen Rate Trial Report, Heather Darby, Philip Halteman, Erica Cummings, Amanda Gervais, Rosalie Madden

Northwest Crops & Soils Program

The 2010 growing season was warmer and slightly wetter than normal through the majority of the spring. The month of May was considerably drier than normal, though June’s rainfall exceeded 30-year averages. No effect was apparent on germination rates. Accumulated growing degree days (GDDs) for the sunflower season totaled 3,120 from the beginning of June through the middle of October, when the sunflowers were harvested, which was 264 higher than the 30 year averages (table 1). These data were recorded at weather stations in close proximity to the research site.


Oat Variety Trial Report, Heather Darby, Susan Monahan, Erica Cummings, Rosalie Madden, Amanda Gervais, Philip Halteman 2010 University of Vermont

Oat Variety Trial Report, Heather Darby, Susan Monahan, Erica Cummings, Rosalie Madden, Amanda Gervais, Philip Halteman

Northwest Crops & Soils Program

Oats (Avena sativa L.) have a long history of being grown in the Northeast. Although most of the oats are planted for a cover crop or hay, growing oats for grain is another potential revenue source for farmers. According to the 2007 census, about 200 acres of land in Vermont is cultivated for oat grain production, with an average yield of 1747 lbs/acre. Unless, a hulless variety is grown, oats need to be hulled before being used for human consumption, and further processing is required to make oatmeal, steel cut oats or oat flour. The goal of this project ...


Cover Crop Termination & Reduced Tillage Study, Heather Darby, Rosalie Madden, Erica Cummings, Amanda Gervais, Philip Halteman 2010 University of Vermont

Cover Crop Termination & Reduced Tillage Study, Heather Darby, Rosalie Madden, Erica Cummings, Amanda Gervais, Philip Halteman

Northwest Crops & Soils Program

In 2010, the University of Vermont Extension conducted the second year of an experiment to evaluate the impact of cover crop termination and reduced tillage strategies on soil health, soil nitrogen dynamics, and corn silage yield and quality. The goal is to document the positive and negative aspects of each strategy so farmers can decide the best way to terminate cover crops and implement reduced tillage on their farm.


Vermont Organic Grain Corn Performance Trial Results, Heather Darby, Erica Cummings, Rosalie Madden, Amanda Gervais, Philip Halteman 2010 University of Vermont

Vermont Organic Grain Corn Performance Trial Results, Heather Darby, Erica Cummings, Rosalie Madden, Amanda Gervais, Philip Halteman

Northwest Crops & Soils Program

In 2010, the University of Vermont Extension conducted an organic grain corn performance trial in Alburgh, Vermont, in cooperation with Borderview Research Farm and Organic Valley Farmers Advocating for Organics Program (FAFO). The purpose of the program is to provide unbiased performance comparisons of commercially available organic corn varieties. It is important to remember, however, that the data presented is from one replicated research trial in Vermont. Crop performance data from additional tests in different locations and often over several years should be compared before you make conclusions.


Short Season Corn Silage Report, Heather Darby, Rosalie Madden, Erica Cummings, Amanda Gervais, Philip Halteman 2010 University of Vermont

Short Season Corn Silage Report, Heather Darby, Rosalie Madden, Erica Cummings, Amanda Gervais, Philip Halteman

Northwest Crops & Soils Program

In 2010, the University of Vermont Extension Crops and Soils Team conducted an experiment to evaluate yield and quality of short season corn hybrids at the Seward Family Farm in East Wallingford, VT. Several seed companies submitted varieties for evaluation. Companies and contact names are listed in Table 1. Nine corn varieties ranging in relative maturity (RM) from 69 – 90 were evaluated at this site. Specific varieties, their traits, and RM are listed in Table 2. It is important to remember that the data presented is from a single test at only one location. Hybrid-performance data from additional tests in ...


Do Raw Milk Sales Help Or Harm Local Dairy Economies: The Case Of Vermont H.125, Catherine W. Donnelly, Todd J. Pritchard 2010 University of Vermont

Do Raw Milk Sales Help Or Harm Local Dairy Economies: The Case Of Vermont H.125, Catherine W. Donnelly, Todd J. Pritchard

Opportunities for Agriculture Working Paper Series

This paper concludes that the main impact of H125 will be increased raw milk sales which will result in increased consumer exposure to raw milk, and an increased risk for food borne illness.


Farm-To-School: Implications For Child Nutrition, Linda Berlin, Kim Norris, Jane Kolodinsky, Abbie Nelson 2010 University of Vermont

Farm-To-School: Implications For Child Nutrition, Linda Berlin, Kim Norris, Jane Kolodinsky, Abbie Nelson

Opportunities for Agriculture Working Paper Series

Farm-to-School (F2S) programs are gaining attention for many reasons, one of which is the recognition that they could positively influence the trend of increasing prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity. Of the F2S programs that have been evaluated, most have demonstrated increased selection or intake of fruits and vegetables by students following the incorporation of farm produce into school salad bars, meal selections, or class-based education. With that said, the wide range of activities that are part of typical F2S programs makes it difficult to pinpoint which components have the greatest potential to improve student’s health behaviors. Within the ...


Implementing Deep Drainage To Reduce Salinity In The Date Creek Catchment, South West Western Australia, Derk Bakker, John P. Collins, Justin Hardy 2010 Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia

Implementing Deep Drainage To Reduce Salinity In The Date Creek Catchment, South West Western Australia, Derk Bakker, John P. Collins, Justin Hardy

Resource management technical reports

No abstract provided.


The Distribution And Origins Of Acid Groundwaters In The South West Agricultural Area, Adam Lillicrap, Richard J. George Dr 2010 Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia

The Distribution And Origins Of Acid Groundwaters In The South West Agricultural Area, Adam Lillicrap, Richard J. George Dr

Resource management technical reports

No abstract provided.


Spring Wheat Variety Trial, Heather Darby, Erica Cummings, Rosalie Madden, Amanda Gervais, Phillip Halteman, Susan Monahan 2010 University of Vermont

Spring Wheat Variety Trial, Heather Darby, Erica Cummings, Rosalie Madden, Amanda Gervais, Phillip Halteman, Susan Monahan

Northwest Crops & Soils Program

In 2010, the University of Vermont Extension in collaboration with the University of Maine began an extensive evaluation of hard red spring wheat varieties grown under organic production in order to determine which varieties thrive in our northern climate. The trials were established at Borderview Research Farm in Alburgh, Vermont and at the Cornell Willsboro Research Farm in Willsboro, New York. This trial is one of several in a USDA Organic Research Education Initiative grant focused on the production of high quality organic bread wheat in New England.


Barley Variety Trial Report, Heather Darby, Susan Monahan, Erica Cummings, Rosalie Madden, Amanda Gervais, Philip Halteman 2010 University of Vermont

Barley Variety Trial Report, Heather Darby, Susan Monahan, Erica Cummings, Rosalie Madden, Amanda Gervais, Philip Halteman

Northwest Crops & Soils Program

There has been increasing interest in growing barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) for malting in Vermont and throughout New England to provide local grains for craft breweries and distilleries. Malting barley must meet specific quality characteristics such as high germination and low protein content. Both two-row and six-row barley can be used for malting, depending on the brewer’s preferences. The goal of this project was to evaluate yield and quality of publicly available malting barley varieties.


"You Have No Boss Here To Work For": Women And Labor In Chesapeake Bay Fishing Communities, Elizabeth Marie O'Grady 2010 College of William & Mary - Arts & Sciences

"You Have No Boss Here To Work For": Women And Labor In Chesapeake Bay Fishing Communities, Elizabeth Marie O'Grady

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Sunflower Seeds And Their Products, Madeleine Charney 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Sunflower Seeds And Their Products, Madeleine Charney

University Libraries Publication Series

Sunflower as a commodity for both food and seed.


Choosing A Genome Browser For A Model Organism Database: Surveying The Maize Community, Taner Z. Sen, Lisa C. Harper, Mary L. Schaeffer, Carson M. Andorf, Trent E. Seigfried, Darwin A. Campbell, Carolyn J. Lawrence 2010 Iowa State University

Choosing A Genome Browser For A Model Organism Database: Surveying The Maize Community, Taner Z. Sen, Lisa C. Harper, Mary L. Schaeffer, Carson M. Andorf, Trent E. Seigfried, Darwin A. Campbell, Carolyn J. Lawrence

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications

As the B73 maize genome sequencing project neared completion, MaizeGDB began to integrate a graphical genome browser with its existing web interface and database. To ensure that maize researchers would optimally benefit from the potential addition of a genome browser to the existing MaizeGDB resource, personnel at MaizeGDB surveyed researchers’ needs. Collected data indicate that existing genome browsers for maize were inadequate and suggest implementation of a browser with quick interface and intuitive tools would meet most researchers’ needs. Here, we document the survey’s outcomes, review functionalities of available genome browser software platforms and offer our rationale for choosing ...


Muskmelon Cultivar Trial, Vincent Lawson 2010 Iowa State University

Muskmelon Cultivar Trial, Vincent Lawson

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

The 2009 melon trial evaluated eleven muskmelon and three specialty cultivars to determine their relative maturity, yield, and fruit characteristics when grown under Iowa conditions. To better evaluate the cultivars, they were trialed at two locations providing different soil types and growing environments.


Tomato Variety Observations, Henry G. Taber 2010 Iowa State University

Tomato Variety Observations, Henry G. Taber

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

We continued our yearly evaluation of tomato varieties for commercial growers. Each year the major fruit problems are uniformity, consistent shape and size, ripening disorders, and vegetative plant size and foliage cover. Our objective was to examine early-, mid-, and main-season maturities. All were large fruited fresh market varieties.


Legume Cover Crops Reduce Overall Weed Incidence And Increase Fruit Production Of Organically Grown Raspberries, Dennis N. Portz, Gail R. Nonnecke, Angela Tedesco, Ben Saunders 2010 Iowa State University

Legume Cover Crops Reduce Overall Weed Incidence And Increase Fruit Production Of Organically Grown Raspberries, Dennis N. Portz, Gail R. Nonnecke, Angela Tedesco, Ben Saunders

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

Weed accumulation in raspberry plantings is a primary concern of all producers in Iowa, especially in organic production. Tillage may be used to reduce weed growth as an alternative to herbicides in raspberry plantings. However, tillage leaves soil vulnerable to erosion and potentially depletes the nutrients and organic matter from the topsoil. Growing a living mulch on the soil surface reduces weed seed germination and growth, and it reduces the need for tilling after planting between the rows of raspberry plants. Legume living mulches also can provide nitrogen and fit within organic certification requirements. The overall objective was to determine ...


Evaluation Of Measurement Procedures Used To Determine The Bulk Density Of Distillers Dried Grains With Solubles (Ddgs), Clairmont L. Clementson, Klein E. Ileleji, Kurt A. Rosentrater 2010 Purdue University

Evaluation Of Measurement Procedures Used To Determine The Bulk Density Of Distillers Dried Grains With Solubles (Ddgs), Clairmont L. Clementson, Klein E. Ileleji, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Kurt A. Rosentrater

The production of corn-based ethanol in the U.S. has been dramatically increasing in recent years, and consequently so has the quantity of co-products, especially distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), generated from this industrial sector. DDGS is sold as a commodity for animal feed, and like corn, its bulk physical and chemical properties are quality attributes that can be used in trading by merchandisers. Consistency in product quality has been a cause for concern in the industry, and the lack of standard methods for physical and chemical property determination potentially confounds the issue, especially when results of attributes measured ...


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