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The Most Environmentally Sustainable Diet For Adolescents In Terms Of Land Use, Food Waste, And Greenhouse Gas Emissions., lina tarek 2023 American University in Cairo

The Most Environmentally Sustainable Diet For Adolescents In Terms Of Land Use, Food Waste, And Greenhouse Gas Emissions., Lina Tarek

Papers, Posters, and Presentations

The current food system is directly responsible for much environmental damage including severe climate change, biodiversity loss, and land scarcity. This research aims to find some strategies to mitigate these damages through diet by specifically targeting adolescents because they are potential problem-solvers. This period is also when personality and habits are articulated. By focusing on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, land use, and food waste, a more environmentally sustainable diet can be formulated. The key findings of the research can be summarized by reducing ultra-processed foods, choosing sustainably produced food, generally reducing meat consumption from the current rate, substituting red and …


A Review On Strong Impacts Of Thermal Stress On Plants Physiology, Agricultural Yield; And Timely Adaptation In Plants To Heat Stress, Alam Sher, Yasmeen Asghar, Abdul Qayum, Muhammad Shabaz, Fatima Kiran, Laraib Arshad, Nadia Mehdi, Uzma Bibi, Shema Iqbal, Zainab Bibi, Rashna Anjum, Humaira Rasool, Javeria Mazher 2022 Tara Group Private Limited Pakistan

A Review On Strong Impacts Of Thermal Stress On Plants Physiology, Agricultural Yield; And Timely Adaptation In Plants To Heat Stress, Alam Sher, Yasmeen Asghar, Abdul Qayum, Muhammad Shabaz, Fatima Kiran, Laraib Arshad, Nadia Mehdi, Uzma Bibi, Shema Iqbal, Zainab Bibi, Rashna Anjum, Humaira Rasool, Javeria Mazher

Journal of Bioresource Management

In this review, we checked the harsh influence of high temperature or heat stress on plant metabolism and crop yield. Plants can bear a minimum range of temperature; temperature more than this optimum range comes in the term of heat stress. Climate changes increase the number and severity of heat waves that reduced the development of plants and resulted in the death of the entire plant. Heat stress is a major stressful environment that destroys plant growth, biochemical reactions, and the yield of crops across the world. High-temperature influences many physiological and chemical reactions in plants. HS is now a …


Determinants Of Performance In Smallholder Farmer Groups In Uganda, David Agole, Connie D. Baggett, John C. Ewing, Edgar P. Yoder, Margaret N. Mangheni 2022 Kyambogo University

Determinants Of Performance In Smallholder Farmer Groups In Uganda, David Agole, Connie D. Baggett, John C. Ewing, Edgar P. Yoder, Margaret N. Mangheni

Journal of International Agricultural and Extension Education

The performance of farmer groups is critical for the success of the farmer-led Agricultural Extension approach currently used in Uganda. This study examines factors affecting performance of farmer groups accessing agricultural extension and advisory services from the National Agricultural Advisory Services in Eastern Uganda. The study collected data 200 members of 19 farmer groups in Eastern Uganda. Performance of farmer groups was the dependent variable, which was perceived to be influenced by individual members’ objectives, participation culture, power distance, structure of task, perceived equity, reward allocation and participation in group activities. Farmer group performance had a statistically significant positive relationship …


Is There An Economic Advantage To Planting Diverse Summer Annual Forage Mixtures?, Kelly Mercier, Chris Teutsch, Ray Smith, Kenny Burdine, Edwin Ritchey, Eric Vanzant 2022 USDA-ARS Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit

Is There An Economic Advantage To Planting Diverse Summer Annual Forage Mixtures?, Kelly Mercier, Chris Teutsch, Ray Smith, Kenny Burdine, Edwin Ritchey, Eric Vanzant

The Journal of Extension

This study examined economic implications of planting summer annual mixtures of grasses, legumes, and forbs at varying nitrogen rates. No differences in yield occurred between the three mixtures, indicating that mixtures with lowest seed cost will be most economical. Applying N resulted in yield increases of 12.26 lb DM per lb N applied. Although yield responses to N were positive, sensitivity analyses showed that applying N resulted in positive net returns only when hay prices were high and N prices were low. When utilization rates are accounted for, enterprise budgets determined grazing to be 18% cheaper to implement than haying.


Estimated Impact Of X-Disease And Little Cherry Disease In Washington And Oregon From 2015 To 2020, Cody Molnar, Tianna DuPont, Ashley Thompson 2022 Washington State University Extension

Estimated Impact Of X-Disease And Little Cherry Disease In Washington And Oregon From 2015 To 2020, Cody Molnar, Tianna Dupont, Ashley Thompson

The Journal of Extension

X-disease phytoplasma and little cherry virus 1 and 2 have resulted in substantial loss of stone fruit acreage in Washington and Oregon. The extent and financial impact on the industry was not previously known. A Washington and Oregon State University survey documented 238,856 trees equivalent to 974 acres of sweet cherries removed due to X-disease and little cherry disease between 2015 and 2020. Removed trees reduced revenue to the industry by an estimated $30 million in 2020 and $65 million between 2015 and 2020. Over the seven-year re-establishment period estimated lost revenue and establishment costs to growers is an estimated …


Adapting Network Theory For Spatial Network Externalities In Agriculture: A Case Study On Hemp Cross-Pollination, Jeffrey S. Young, Tanner J. McCarty 2022 Murray State University

Adapting Network Theory For Spatial Network Externalities In Agriculture: A Case Study On Hemp Cross-Pollination, Jeffrey S. Young, Tanner J. Mccarty

Faculty & Staff Research and Creative Activity

Growers have increasingly expressed frustration over the negative externalities created by their neighbor's production practices. These spatial agricultural network problems include issues such as cross-pollination and herbicide drift. We develop novel methods for estimating parameters that allow us to adapt and apply general network diffusion models to these spatial agricultural network problems. Doing so allows us to calculate externality damage within a region and calculate cost-effective policies for alleviating that externality. We empirically illustrate, motivate, and test this approach by applying it to hemp. We find that network structure is an important factor in externality size and cost-effective policy response …


Ten Considerations For Solar-Powered Irrigation In Utah, Ngonidzashe Mufute, Matt Yost, Burdette Barker, Kalen Taylor, Mark Nelson, Randall Violett, Jody Gale 2022 Utah State University

Ten Considerations For Solar-Powered Irrigation In Utah, Ngonidzashe Mufute, Matt Yost, Burdette Barker, Kalen Taylor, Mark Nelson, Randall Violett, Jody Gale

All Current Publications

This fact sheet outlines considerations for using solar-powered irrigation in Utah:

• Solar powered irrigation (SPI) is becoming more cost effective and practical to consider on the farm as the cost of alternative sources of energy are rising.
• Irrigators can now benefit from incentives such as tax credits to help offset costs.
• Investing in solar provides more independence from price fluctuations and energy shortages.
• Considerations for SPI systems include energy demand of the irrigation system, type and value of crops grown, available incentives and support, cost and accessibility of alternative energy sources, and multiple uses of the …


An Economic Impact And Investment Analysis Of Armillaria Root Rot In The United States Peach Industry, Gracie Herrin 2022 Clemson University

An Economic Impact And Investment Analysis Of Armillaria Root Rot In The United States Peach Industry, Gracie Herrin

All Theses

Peach production in the United States has decreased over the last decade due to increased disease prevalence. Armillaria root rot (ARR) is a lethal root fungus that affects many stone fruits, including peaches, often leading to rapid decline/death of trees and abandonment of orchards. This thesis is divided into four chapters which focus on answering four key questions that, to the best of my knowledge, have not been addressed in previous industry research.

The second chapter determines the magnitude of ARR disease prevalence in the United States and producers’ maximum willingness to pay (WTP) for a theoretical ARR-resistant rootstock. Results …


Impact Of Rma’S Projected Price On Prevent Planting Claims, Nicolas Enrique Alvarez Mena 2022 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Impact Of Rma’S Projected Price On Prevent Planting Claims, Nicolas Enrique Alvarez Mena

LSU Master's Theses

This research studies the presence of ex-post moral hazard in the prevent planting provision from the crop insurance program in cotton, corn, and soybeans for the Plains Region and Southeast Regions of the U.S. Three fixed effect models are developed using the proportion of prevent plant acres as the dependent variable, as well as weather, input price, expected harvest price and a break-even point for the independent variables. In addition, a fourth fixed effect (FE) model is introduced using the logit transformation and the same variables as in previous models. The results show the number of PP claims has been …


Economic Contribution Of Agriculture And Food To Arkansas’ Gross Domestic Product 1997-2021, Leah English, Jennie Popp 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Economic Contribution Of Agriculture And Food To Arkansas’ Gross Domestic Product 1997-2021, Leah English, Jennie Popp

Research Reports and Research Bulletins

Agricultural production, processing, and retail industries are major contributors to Arkansas’ GDP. Agriculture contributes to the state economy through direct agricultural production, value-added processing, and agricultural retail activities. The Agriculture and Food Sector, which is comprised of agricultural production, processing, and retail industries, promotes economic strength through various interactions with other industries. The use of non-agricultural goods and services as inputs into the agricultural sector promotes diversified growth in Arkansas’ economy and thus plays a vital role in maintaining economic stability throughout the state. This report 1) compares the relative size of the Agriculture and Food Sector in Arkansas with …


Financial Benchmarks For Diversified, Direct-Market Produce Farms, Michael Sciabarrasi 2022 University of New Hampshire

Financial Benchmarks For Diversified, Direct-Market Produce Farms, Michael Sciabarrasi

UNH Cooperative Extension

No abstract provided.


Evaluating The Effect Of Woodchips On Soil Matric Potential, Temperature, Weed Biomass, And Yield Of Selected Crops, Leonard Githinji, Patrick Johnson 2022 Virginia State University, Petersburg, Virginia

Evaluating The Effect Of Woodchips On Soil Matric Potential, Temperature, Weed Biomass, And Yield Of Selected Crops, Leonard Githinji, Patrick Johnson

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Organic mulches are very popular for weed control in sustainable agricultural systems where the application of synthetic herbicides is restricted. A study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of organic mulch in controlling weeds, enhancing soil matric potential, and soil temperature. Blended hardwood mulch was applied to the soil surface at a thickness of 10 cm. The experimental design was laid out as a completely randomized design with two treatments, viz., mulch and no-mulch, replicated 5 times. Data were collected during the growing period for weed biomass, soil matric potential, soil temperature, and yield of selected crops. Results from a …


Two Inter-Row Spacing And Staggered Planting On Collard (Brassica Oleracea L. Var. Acephala Dc.) Yield In A Wiregrass Tunnel House, Cassandra Searight, Victor Khan, James E. Currington, David Miller, Justin Tate, Jeffery Moore, Carnell McAlpine 2022 USDA Farm Service Agency

Two Inter-Row Spacing And Staggered Planting On Collard (Brassica Oleracea L. Var. Acephala Dc.) Yield In A Wiregrass Tunnel House, Cassandra Searight, Victor Khan, James E. Currington, David Miller, Justin Tate, Jeffery Moore, Carnell Mcalpine

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

There is interest among small vegetable producers to grow collards in Tunnel Houses during the winter months. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to determine if collard yields could be increased by reducing row spacing and increasing plant density. This study had four treatments replicated three times, and “Georgia” and “Hi-Crop Hybrid” collards were transplanted on single, and staggered rows spaced 18” and 24” apart in a split-split-plot design. At 45 days after transplanting 50% of the leaves from all plants in each treatment were harvested, counted, and weighed. The results showed staggered 18 and 24” rows increased yields …


Table Of Contents, 2022 Tuskegee University

Table Of Contents

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

No abstract provided.


Prevalence Of Gastrointestinal Parasites In Lactating Kiko Does And Their Kids In Woodlands With Supplements, Bhuwan Shrestha, Uma Karki, Anand Tiwari, Santoshi Chaudhary, Lila Karki, Chukwuemeka Okere 2022 Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, Alabama

Prevalence Of Gastrointestinal Parasites In Lactating Kiko Does And Their Kids In Woodlands With Supplements, Bhuwan Shrestha, Uma Karki, Anand Tiwari, Santoshi Chaudhary, Lila Karki, Chukwuemeka Okere

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Gastrointestinal (GI) parasites pose a major health concern in goats raised in pastures. The study objective was to evaluate GI parasites’ prevalence in lactating Kiko does and kids stocked in woodlands with supplemental grazing or feedstuffs. Seventeen lactating Kiko does, and their thirty-three kids were divided into two groups. Group 1 was supplemented with grazing in silvopastures and Group 2 with ad libitum hay and corn (0.5% of metabolic weight) along with stocking in woodland plots rotationally. Fecal samples were analyzed for type and quantity of GI parasites from animals having FAMACHA score 3 and higher. Group-1 does showed a …


Establishing A Small-Scale Pastured Poultry Operation In Kentucky, Frederick N. Bebe 2022 Kentucky State University, Frankfort, Kentucky

Establishing A Small-Scale Pastured Poultry Operation In Kentucky, Frederick N. Bebe

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Pastured poultry is poultry rotationally raised on pasture, as opposed to large-scale confinement operations. There has been a growing demand for pastured poultry as a result of the adverse effects of the use of antibiotics in large-scale caged systems and pastured poultry’s attributable nutritional and economic benefits to consumers. As a result, an increasing number of small-scale farmers in Kentucky have begun raising birds both for personal consumption and for supplemental income, in conjunction with other farm enterprises. Poultry is the number one agricultural commodity in Kentucky. Thus, knowledge of how to establish small-scale pastured poultry operations as an alternate …


Factors Associated With Attracting Business And Industry To Selected Black Belt Counties Of Alabama, Andrew Zekeri 2022 Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, Alabama

Factors Associated With Attracting Business And Industry To Selected Black Belt Counties Of Alabama, Andrew Zekeri

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

There is limited recent research on the economic development strategies that local officials, state, and federal governments are employing in rural Alabama. To better understand these strategies, the data were collected from local community officials in two rural Alabama counties. The objectives are to examine what efforts are being used, and what resources are available for economic development efforts. Data were analyzed using hierarchical regression analyses to test the hypothesis that past community action and community solidarity variables can contribute to a higher probability of recruiting business and industry than will be predicted by the ecological characteristics of the communities …


Abridged Submission Guidelines, 2022 Tuskegee University

Abridged Submission Guidelines

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

No abstract provided.


Economic Analysis Of Sawn Wood Production And Determinants Of Sawn Wood Supply In Selected Sawmill In Ijebu-Ode Local Government Area Of Ogun State Nigeria, Taiye Oluwasola Babatunde, Oluyemisi Omowunmi Babatunde, Kehinde Oluwafemi Babatunde 2022 Department of Forestry Technology, Federal College of Forestry, Jericho Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria.

Economic Analysis Of Sawn Wood Production And Determinants Of Sawn Wood Supply In Selected Sawmill In Ijebu-Ode Local Government Area Of Ogun State Nigeria, Taiye Oluwasola Babatunde, Oluyemisi Omowunmi Babatunde, Kehinde Oluwafemi Babatunde

Journal of Bioresource Management

The study investigates the economics of sawn wood production and its supply determinants in a selected sawmill in Ogun State's Ijebu ode local government area. The purpose was to find socioeconomic characteristics of the respondents, profitability of the business factors and the determinants of sawn wood supply in the study area. Fifteen sawmills were chosen at random out of 60 sawmills in the area. Cross sectional data were collected from 150 plank sellers through the use of structure questionnaires and oral interview out of which 143 were retrieved. Results indicated that most of the respondents were male, married with age …


Perennial Warm-Season Grass Forages Impact On Cow-Calf Profitability In The Fescue Belt, Kyle A. Brazil, Patrick D. Keyser, Andrew P. Griffith, Christopher N. Boyer, J. Travis Mulliniks 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Perennial Warm-Season Grass Forages Impact On Cow-Calf Profitability In The Fescue Belt, Kyle A. Brazil, Patrick D. Keyser, Andrew P. Griffith, Christopher N. Boyer, J. Travis Mulliniks

Journal of Applied Farm Economics

Incorporating a perennial warm- season grass (WSG) into tall fescue (Lolium arundina-ceum [Schreb.] Darbysh.) forage systems in the fescue belt can help avoid the effects of fescue toxicosis on beef cattle (Bos taurus) reproduction and animal performance and provide forage during summer when fescue production is low. However, little information is available on the economics of incorporating WSG into fescue-based forage systems. We developed a simulation model to compare profitability of three forage systems—100% tall fescue, 70% tall fescue/30% bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), and 70% tall fescue/ 30% switchgrass (Panicum virgatum)—while also comparing spring- …


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