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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Proceedings Of The 23rd International Conference Of Public Health Sciences Jan 2024

Proceedings Of The 23rd International Conference Of Public Health Sciences

Journal of Health Research

Chulalongkorn University aims to be a prominent national institution with global recognition. Its primary focus is on producing knowledge and innovation that are crucial for the creative and sustainable development of Thai society. To achieve this vision, the university consistently provides support to all of its faculties, institutes, colleges, and other entities in carrying out a range of academic activities, including in-class teaching, research, and conferences, such as the one we are gathered for today. With a primary focus on graduate-level teaching in the field of public health and public health sciences, the College of Public Health Sciences is a …


The Evaluation Of Collaborative Disease Prevention And Control Measures For Border Health Between Thailand And Myanmar, Laos, And Cambodia, Orathai Srithongtham, Aomthip Polbupha, Taweewun Srisookkum, Orathai Katkhaw, Thossaphong Buraman Dec 2023

The Evaluation Of Collaborative Disease Prevention And Control Measures For Border Health Between Thailand And Myanmar, Laos, And Cambodia, Orathai Srithongtham, Aomthip Polbupha, Taweewun Srisookkum, Orathai Katkhaw, Thossaphong Buraman

Journal of Health Research

Background: Collaborative disease prevention and control measures for border health between Thailand and three neighboring countries (Myanmar; Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR), also known as Laos; Cambodia) were implemented in 2016 - 2017.

Methods: Summative evaluation and a mixed-method design aimed to evaluate the measures for border health between Thailand and three neighboring countries. The participants were public health personnel from provincial, district, and sub-district levels. Data were collected by questionnaire and interview guide. Quantitative data were analyzed by descriptive statistics; and qualitative data were analyzed through content analysis.

Results: The overall collaboration for border health of Thailand …


Predicting Factors Of Health-Related Quality Of Life Among End-Stage Renal Disease Patients Receiving Hemodialysis At A Tertiary Level Hospital In Nepal., Jyoti Gahatraj, Poolsuk Janepanish Visudtibhan, Tiraporn Junda, Nipaporn Butsing Dec 2023

Predicting Factors Of Health-Related Quality Of Life Among End-Stage Renal Disease Patients Receiving Hemodialysis At A Tertiary Level Hospital In Nepal., Jyoti Gahatraj, Poolsuk Janepanish Visudtibhan, Tiraporn Junda, Nipaporn Butsing

Journal of Health Research

Background: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) puts tremendous burdens upon affected patients and their support persons in Nepal. The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among Nepalese persons with hemodialysis-dependent ESRD is not well understood. This study aimed to examine HRQoL and its predicting factors among persons undergoing hemodialysis in Nepal.

Methods: A purposive sampling was applied to recruit 106 persons with ESRD receiving hemodialysis at a tertiary hospital in Nepal between October and December 2021. The structured questionnaires included personal information, the World Health Organization Quality of Life instruments (WHOQOL-BREF), the fatigue assessment scale (FAS), the Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS), …


The Effects Of Cigarette Price Incentive And Regulatory Policies In Taiwan, Che-Ning Yang, Yi-Fan Lin Dec 2023

The Effects Of Cigarette Price Incentive And Regulatory Policies In Taiwan, Che-Ning Yang, Yi-Fan Lin

Journal of Health Research

Background: Price affects the demand for cigarettes, but its direct impact on smoking behaviors remains unclear. This study evaluated the effects of cigarette price increases and non-pricing tobacco control policies on adult smoking behaviors in Taiwan, using data from national annual survey during 2004~2015 with 166,325 valid respondents.

Methods: We established mixed-effects models of logistic regression for each of the three dependent variables, “smoking,” “quit attempts,” and “cessation maintenance,” to characterize smoking behaviors. Socioeconomic and sociodemographic factors were also included in the models.

Results: Non-pricing tobacco control policies had no significant effects on smoking behaviors. Conversely, cigarette price …


Development And Implementation Of A Unique, Tailored School Lunch Training Program For Teachers And Their Stakeholders At Public Primary Schools In Thailand, Kantanit Chammari, Arisa Keeratichamroen, Kitti Sranacharoenpong, Punnee Ponprachanuvut, Nuttarat Srisangwan, Piyanit Churak, Panrawee Praditsorn Dec 2023

Development And Implementation Of A Unique, Tailored School Lunch Training Program For Teachers And Their Stakeholders At Public Primary Schools In Thailand, Kantanit Chammari, Arisa Keeratichamroen, Kitti Sranacharoenpong, Punnee Ponprachanuvut, Nuttarat Srisangwan, Piyanit Churak, Panrawee Praditsorn

Journal of Health Research

Background: Although teachers responsible for the school lunch program were trained by the Ministry of Education (MOE) staff, they were not equipped with the basic knowledge of nutrition for children. This study aimed to develop and implement a unique, tailored school lunch training program for teachers and their stakeholders.

Methods: The training program was developed using the “Design for Learning (D4L) model.” Public primary schools run by the government from all regions of Thailand were selected. Target persons included principals, health teachers, nutrition teachers, cooks, and local staff from the MOE. All participants participated in a 5-day training course. …


Anxiety And Depression In Palliative Care Cancer Patients In Vietnam: Baseline Data From A Randomized Controlled Trial Of Multidisciplinary Palliative Care Versus Standard Care, Quynh Xuan Nguyen Truong, The Ngoc Ha Than, Duong Le Dai, Khoa Duy Duong Duong, Bumi Herman, Surasak Taneepanichskul Dec 2023

Anxiety And Depression In Palliative Care Cancer Patients In Vietnam: Baseline Data From A Randomized Controlled Trial Of Multidisciplinary Palliative Care Versus Standard Care, Quynh Xuan Nguyen Truong, The Ngoc Ha Than, Duong Le Dai, Khoa Duy Duong Duong, Bumi Herman, Surasak Taneepanichskul

Journal of Health Research

Background: Understanding anxiety and depression is important to managing cancer patients’ distress in palliative care and improving their quality of life. We aim to describe depression and anxiety rates among cancer patients referred to palliative care and identity factors associated with these symptoms.

Method: We analyzed the baseline data from an experimental study of comprehensive palliative care in Vietnam. This study included patients with stage 3 or 4 cancer diseases, during their first hospitalization for an inpatient palliative care service. A cut-off of above 8 points for each subscale on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used …


The Same Threat, Differential Vulnerability: Invariances In Antecedents To Covid-19 Pandemic Preventive Behavior Among Malaysian And Filipino Undergraduates, Ian Phil Canlas, Mageswary Karpudewan Dec 2023

The Same Threat, Differential Vulnerability: Invariances In Antecedents To Covid-19 Pandemic Preventive Behavior Among Malaysian And Filipino Undergraduates, Ian Phil Canlas, Mageswary Karpudewan

Journal of Health Research

Background: The differential approach made by various national governments in response to the COVID-19 pandemic triggered differences in the number of recorded daily cases and deaths. This prompted the researchers to explore the interaction of and invariances in values, beliefs, and norms on COVID-19 pandemic preventive behavior among Malaysian and Filipino undergraduates.

Method: The study followed the survey research methods using a five-point Likert scale questionnaire whose items were adapted from literature, data were collected from 143 Malaysian and 157 Filipino undergraduates from two state universities between November and December 2020. Data were analyzed through partial least squares-structural equation modeling …


Tobacco, Alcohol And Diet As Mortality Risk Factors: The Secondary Analysis Of The 25-Year Cohort Study, Alina Egorova, Bulat Idrisov, Romany Redman, Stanislav Otstavnov, Sergey Soshnikov Sep 2023

Tobacco, Alcohol And Diet As Mortality Risk Factors: The Secondary Analysis Of The 25-Year Cohort Study, Alina Egorova, Bulat Idrisov, Romany Redman, Stanislav Otstavnov, Sergey Soshnikov

Journal of Health Research

Background: Individual lifestyle risk factors have been linked to increased mortality globally; however, there is limited data on these associations in Russia. A secondary analysis of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS) data was conducted to close this gap.

Methods: The secondary data have been obtained from a nationally-representative annual cohort survey conducted by the Higher School of Economics (HSE). In this original study, for the first time in Russia, we extracted RRs for researched risk factors. Of additional original value, we made a prospective-retrospective cohort based on a representative longitudinal survey and provided the deaths as outcomes for survival …


Results Of Nursing Training Reforms: Estimating The Scope Of Nursing Practice, Marat Serikbayev, Saltanat Mamyrbekova, Ainur B. Kumar, Lyazzat Kosherbayeva, Akmaral Abikulova, Laura Seiduanova, Elmira Serikbayeva Sep 2023

Results Of Nursing Training Reforms: Estimating The Scope Of Nursing Practice, Marat Serikbayev, Saltanat Mamyrbekova, Ainur B. Kumar, Lyazzat Kosherbayeva, Akmaral Abikulova, Laura Seiduanova, Elmira Serikbayeva

Journal of Health Research

Background: With the adoption of the Astana Declaration on primary health care, modern approaches are being introduced in the Republic of Kazakhstan. The created national foundations of the nursing management system in Kazakhstan are a visible manifestation of a new organizational culture. In connection with the large-scale reform of nursing and the creation of a new position of nurses that meets modern social challenges and international requirements, the role of nurses in healthcare has increased significantly. In this study, we measured the actual scope of nursing practice among nurses in the medical organizations in the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Methods: …


An Audit Of Diabetes-Dependent Quality Of Life And Glycemic Control Among Type 2 Diabetes Patients In A Tertiary Hospital In Bangkok: A Hospital-Based Cross-Sectional Study, Nattaya Tungsirikoon, Nopporn Howteerakul, Nawarat Suwannapong, Petch Rawdaree Jun 2023

An Audit Of Diabetes-Dependent Quality Of Life And Glycemic Control Among Type 2 Diabetes Patients In A Tertiary Hospital In Bangkok: A Hospital-Based Cross-Sectional Study, Nattaya Tungsirikoon, Nopporn Howteerakul, Nawarat Suwannapong, Petch Rawdaree

Journal of Health Research

Background: This hospital-based cross-sectional study aimed to examine the association between diabetes-specific quality of life (QoL), diabetes-related clinical characteristics and glycemic control among type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients.

Methods: 335 T2DM patients receiving treatment at the diabetes clinic of a tertiary hospital in Bangkok, Thailand, were recruited into the study. The Audit of Diabetes-Dependent Quality of Life (ADDQoL19) was used to assess QoL. The ADDQoL scores were split into two groups using quartiles. The group in the lower quartile was considered as “having low QoL.” Hemoglobin A1c (A1C) was used as an index of glycemic control.

Results: 67.8% of participants …


Parental Characteristics And Experience Of Intimate Partner Violence Among Young Women In Ibadan, Nigeria, Omowumi O. Okedare, Mobolaji M. Salawu, Olufunmilayo I. Fawole Jun 2023

Parental Characteristics And Experience Of Intimate Partner Violence Among Young Women In Ibadan, Nigeria, Omowumi O. Okedare, Mobolaji M. Salawu, Olufunmilayo I. Fawole

Journal of Health Research

Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a global public health problem. This study examined the influence of parental background on the experience of IPV by young women in Ibadan, Nigeria.

Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the five Local Government Areas of Ibadan metropolis. One thousand and fifty young women aged between 18 and 24 years were selected using a multistage sampling method to participate in the study. Data was collected using a 28-item semi-structured questionnaire. The independent variables were the parents’ education, marital status, occupation, and mother’s experience of victimization. The dependent variable was previous experience of physical, …


Factors Associated With Food Choice Motivations Among Urban High School Students In Indonesia, Syarifah Aqilah, Anuchit Phanumartwiwath, Nutta Taneepanichskul Jun 2023

Factors Associated With Food Choice Motivations Among Urban High School Students In Indonesia, Syarifah Aqilah, Anuchit Phanumartwiwath, Nutta Taneepanichskul

Journal of Health Research

Background: This study aimed to examine what reasons motivated urban high school students to choose certain foods, and to identify factors associated with food choice motivations.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2020 in Depok, Indonesia. A total of 433 high school students in grades 10–12 were recruited. Food choice motivations were identified using a questionnaire, and defined using exploratory factor analysis. Possible factors associated with motivations were evaluated using multiple linear regression.

Results: Five food choice motivations were identified and classed as: F1, health and religion; F2, price and convenience; F3, comfort; F4, weight control; …


Community Recommendations For Enhanced Regional Survivorship Outcomes: A Case For Social And Structural Determinants Of Health From A U.S. National Cancer Institute (Nci) Designated Cancer Center, Marcie S. Wright, Alisa E. Brewer, Matthew Wells, Michael A. Preston, Maria D. Thomson, Vanessa B. Sheppard Jun 2023

Community Recommendations For Enhanced Regional Survivorship Outcomes: A Case For Social And Structural Determinants Of Health From A U.S. National Cancer Institute (Nci) Designated Cancer Center, Marcie S. Wright, Alisa E. Brewer, Matthew Wells, Michael A. Preston, Maria D. Thomson, Vanessa B. Sheppard

Journal of Health Research

Background: The number of cancer survivors has increased drastically as a result of advances in early detection and treatment strategies. Nevertheless, many survivors in the cancer survivorship population face unique problems, risks, and needs. The study for this short report obtained qualitative data to assess barriers and facilitators to cancer care survivorship in urban and rural communities from a National Cancer Institute (NCI) Designated Cancer Center Catchment Area in the southeastern United States.

Methods: Thirty (n=30) community stakeholders participated in in-depth interviews. The interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, and coded by independent raters. Inter-rater reliabilities indicated adequate agreement [inter-rater reliability (r)= …


Comparing Treatment Efficacy Of Court-Type Traditional Thai Massage, Elastic Taping, And Stretching For Plantar Fasciitis: A Three-Armed Randomized Controlled Trial, Phiyaphon Poonsuk, Junya Pattaraarchachai, Sunyarn Niempoog, Watchara Damjuti, Jurairat Boonruab Jun 2023

Comparing Treatment Efficacy Of Court-Type Traditional Thai Massage, Elastic Taping, And Stretching For Plantar Fasciitis: A Three-Armed Randomized Controlled Trial, Phiyaphon Poonsuk, Junya Pattaraarchachai, Sunyarn Niempoog, Watchara Damjuti, Jurairat Boonruab

Journal of Health Research

Background: Plantar fasciitis is a chronic inflammatory disease originating at the medial calcaneal tuberosity. Eight-five percent of people who walk extensively at work have plantar fasciitis. The efficacy of court-type Thai traditional massage (CTTM) has never been established. This study investigated the efficacies of CTTM, elastic taping (ET), and stretching (ST) in plantar fasciitis patient.

Methods: Ninety patients were randomly assigned for 4 weeks to receive either: 1) CTTM twice a week, 2) ET once a week, or 3) ST of the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia every day. Pain intensity visual analogue scale (VAS), pressure pain threshold (PPT), and …


Chronic Diseases And Inpatient Care Among The Middle-Aged And Elderly People In Indonesia, Ema Madyaningrum Jun 2023

Chronic Diseases And Inpatient Care Among The Middle-Aged And Elderly People In Indonesia, Ema Madyaningrum

Journal of Health Research

Background: The prevalence of chronic diseases contributes to an increase in healthcare utilization that results in increased vulnerability in middle and old age. This study aims to determine the factors that influence in-patient care among the middle-aged and elderly.

Methods: We conducted a repeated cross-sectional study using the Indonesia Family Life Survey 4 (IFLS 4) in 2007 (10,754 participants) and IFLS 5 in 2014 (12,058 participants). Chronic diseases include hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tuberculosis, asthma, coronary heart diseases, liver diseases, cancer, arthritis, gout, high cholesterol, prostate illness, kidney diseases, and digestive diseases. We used the frequency distribution, and logistic regression to …


Sustainable Management Of Facemask Waste Generated From Covid-19 Pandemic In Bhutan, Tshering Yangdon, Twisuk Punpeng, Sirima Mongkolosomit, Kampol Nanthapong, Kinzang Yangden Mar 2023

Sustainable Management Of Facemask Waste Generated From Covid-19 Pandemic In Bhutan, Tshering Yangdon, Twisuk Punpeng, Sirima Mongkolosomit, Kampol Nanthapong, Kinzang Yangden

Journal of Health Research

Background: The rise in facemask waste with the uncertainty of deposition data and all its concomitant pressure on management has resulted in new risks and challenges for achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs). The purpose of this mixed methods study was to estimate facemask waste generation and examine management in Bhutan since the COVID-19 pandemic.

Method: One thousand five hundred and twenty-seventh (1,527) consenting members of the public from Class A Thromdes (self-governing municipalities) were surveyed online from February to April 2022, to estimate mask waste using descriptive statistics. This was supported by the waste characterization conducted in Memelhakha, the biggest …


The Needs Of Thai Family Caregivers And Their Readiness To Provide Care For People With Psychosis: A Qualitative Approach, Pichamon Intaput, Wannarat Lawang, Anocha Tassanatanachai, Surapa Suksawat, Rachanee Sunsern Mar 2023

The Needs Of Thai Family Caregivers And Their Readiness To Provide Care For People With Psychosis: A Qualitative Approach, Pichamon Intaput, Wannarat Lawang, Anocha Tassanatanachai, Surapa Suksawat, Rachanee Sunsern

Journal of Health Research

Background: After the implementation of the deinstitutionalization policy, the role of family caregivers has grown in importance and the caring responsibilities have shifted onto their shoulders. This study sought to better understand the Thai family caregivers’ needs for readiness to care for people with psychosis.

Method: A total of 48 participants were enrolled in the study. A focus group discussion and in-depth interview were conducted with family caregivers of the people with psychosis at home, in an urban area of Chonburi province, Thailand. A content analysis approach was used to analyze the data.

Results: The findings revealed that caregivers' needs …


Workers' Perceptions On The Tolerability Of Their Respirators In Malaysia, Muhammad Z. Yusof, Nor I. Mukhtar Mar 2023

Workers' Perceptions On The Tolerability Of Their Respirators In Malaysia, Muhammad Z. Yusof, Nor I. Mukhtar

Journal of Health Research

Background: Little is known about Malaysian workers' tolerance for respirators in the workplace. This study aimed to assess Malaysian workers' perceptions of respirator tolerability and its relationship to socio-demographics and compliance.

Method : This cross-sectional study was conducted between October and December 2021 among respirator users in the agricultural, industrial, and service sectors. Background information and respirator compliance were collected using a structured online questionnaire. A R-COMFI questionnaire was used to measure respirator tolerability.

Results: This study recruited 340 participants, but only 278 of them met the inclusion criteria. More than half reported that wearing respirators was uncomfortable, impacted focus, …


Stress And Stress Coping Strategies Among Foreign Bachelor’S Medical Interns In Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (Bma) Hospitals, Prakasit Wannapaschaiyong, Kraiwuth Kallawicha Mar 2023

Stress And Stress Coping Strategies Among Foreign Bachelor’S Medical Interns In Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (Bma) Hospitals, Prakasit Wannapaschaiyong, Kraiwuth Kallawicha

Journal of Health Research

Background– Stress among medical personnel is crucial, as it can cause the adverse health outcome to individuals who suffer from the stress as well as their clinical practice performance, which may cause serious outcomes to patients. This study focuses on the interns who received their medical degree overseas because they may have more stress due to their required clinical work and license examination. We conducted our study to determine the stress level, coping strategies, and associated factors among foreign bachelor’s medical interns in Bangkok, Thailand.

Method – A cross-sectional study design was conducted among 49 interns from Bangkok Metropolitan …


Extreme Weather And Melioidosis: An Endemic Tropical Disease In Penampang District Of Sabah, Malaysia, Sam Froze Jiee, Kai Joo Lim, Daryl Sin Choon Vui, Dina Peter Marius, Nurul Syafiqah Illyana, Anisah Jantim Mar 2023

Extreme Weather And Melioidosis: An Endemic Tropical Disease In Penampang District Of Sabah, Malaysia, Sam Froze Jiee, Kai Joo Lim, Daryl Sin Choon Vui, Dina Peter Marius, Nurul Syafiqah Illyana, Anisah Jantim

Journal of Health Research

Background: Melioidosis is a fatal, but preventable communicable disease that is endemic in several parts of the world, including the state of Sabah, Malaysia, which is located in the northern part of Borneo Island. Flooding is one of the most regular natural disasters affecting some parts of Malaysia, including Sabah. The main aim of this study was to determine if rainfall and floods were significant risk factors contributing to the substantial burden of melioidosis in the Penampang district from 2015 to 2020.

Method: We analyzed 64 culture-confirmed cases of melioidosis in the Penampang district, Sabah, between 2015 and 2020 to …


Public Health Officers’ Capability, Opportunity, Motivation, And Behavior After Covid-19 Vaccination In Thailand, Uyen Thi To Nguyen, Charuai Suwanbamrung, Cua Ngoc Le, Wichaya Janhom, Yanika Ratjaran, Alisara Khwansri Mar 2023

Public Health Officers’ Capability, Opportunity, Motivation, And Behavior After Covid-19 Vaccination In Thailand, Uyen Thi To Nguyen, Charuai Suwanbamrung, Cua Ngoc Le, Wichaya Janhom, Yanika Ratjaran, Alisara Khwansri

Journal of Health Research

Background: Public health officers (PHOs) are the frontline health workforce against the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and therefore need high immunity for protection. The application of the capability, opportunity, motivation, and behavior (COM-B) model aimed to 1) explore the level of COM-B for prevention and control of COVID-19, and 2) analyze the association between factors and behaviors for prevention and control of COVID-19 among PHOs at primary care units (PCUs) of seven provinces in southern Thailand.

Methods: The study design performed an analytical cross-sectional study using information from primary care units from July to September 2021. Data collection used multi-stage …


Proceedings Of The 22nd International Conference Of Public Health Sciences Jan 2023

Proceedings Of The 22nd International Conference Of Public Health Sciences

Journal of Health Research

Chulalongkorn University has its own vision to be a world-class national university that generates the knowledge and innovation necessary for the creative and sustainable transformation of Thai society. In order to accomplish this vision, Chulalongkorn University has been supporting every Faculties, Institutes, Colleges and etc. within the university to conduct academic activities including in-class teaching, research, and conferences as we have today. The College of Public Health Sciences is the academic entity that emphasizes the teaching-learning on graduate level in the field of public health and public health sciences. It utilizes a mechanism to combine research both in public health …


Socio-Demographic Determinants Of Non-Utilisation Of Antenatal Care Services By Women In The Northern Region Of Nigeria, Abubakar Yakubu Abbani, Yothin Sawangdee, Olusola Akintoye Omisakin, Maretalinia Maretalinia Jan 2023

Socio-Demographic Determinants Of Non-Utilisation Of Antenatal Care Services By Women In The Northern Region Of Nigeria, Abubakar Yakubu Abbani, Yothin Sawangdee, Olusola Akintoye Omisakin, Maretalinia Maretalinia

Journal of Health Research

Background: A large proportion of women in the northern region of Nigeria do not utilise antenatal care (ANC) services. As a result, the region has the worst maternal and child health indicators. This study aims to identify the socio-demographic determinants of the non-utilisation of ANC services by pregnant women to provide evidence for policymakers to base decisions towards addressing the problem.

Methods: Data from the 2018 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey was used with a sample of 14,421 women with a pregnancy history. Descriptive, bivariate, and hierarchical regression analyses were applied to the data using STATA software version 15.

Results: …


Online Dispositional Flow Enhancement Training For Chinese Recreational Runners: A Single-Group Mixed-Method Evaluation, Lijuan Yang, Rajitha Menon Jan 2023

Online Dispositional Flow Enhancement Training For Chinese Recreational Runners: A Single-Group Mixed-Method Evaluation, Lijuan Yang, Rajitha Menon

Journal of Health Research

Background: There are limited studies examining the effectiveness of Mindful Sport Performance Enhancement (MSPE) on dispositional flow enhancement in the recreational population. This is the first empirical evaluation of an online 4-week MSPE designed to enhance dispositional flow in Chinese recreational runners.

Method: In this mixed-method study, a convergent design approach was adopted to examine the acceptability and effectiveness of the 4-week online MSPE in Chinese recreational runners (N = 41). The quantitative strand was designed with a single-group pre-test and post-test model in which the dispositional flow was assessed at 2-time points (i.e., pre and post) using the Chinese …


Living Healthier: A Grounded Theory Of Older Adults With Prehypertension, Junjira Seesawang, Pulawit Thongtang Jan 2023

Living Healthier: A Grounded Theory Of Older Adults With Prehypertension, Junjira Seesawang, Pulawit Thongtang

Journal of Health Research

Background: To prevent hypertension and long-term risk of cardiovascular events, older adults with prehypertension have to adhere to preventive behaviors. Little is known about the experience of adherence to preventive behavior among older adults with prehypertension.

Method: A constructivist grounded theory approach was used to develop a model explaining the process of adherence to preventive behavior among older adults with prehypertension living in Thailand. Participants were recruited using purposive and theoretical samplings from two primary health care units in Western Thailand. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 26 participants. All interview data collection was recorded, transcribed, and analyzed simultaneously. Initial and …


Health Workers’ Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices On Reporting Adverse Events Following Immunization (Aefi) In Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Study, Itse Olaoye, Fatiregun Akinola, Kyriaki Myrissa, Eirini Kelaiditi, Aniebet Ekong, Tsemaye Jacdonmi, Famokun Gboyega, Stephen Fagbemi Jan 2023

Health Workers’ Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices On Reporting Adverse Events Following Immunization (Aefi) In Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Study, Itse Olaoye, Fatiregun Akinola, Kyriaki Myrissa, Eirini Kelaiditi, Aniebet Ekong, Tsemaye Jacdonmi, Famokun Gboyega, Stephen Fagbemi

Journal of Health Research

Background: Reporting of adverse events following immunization (AEFI) is not the sole responsibility of health workers providing routine immunization services, but also of health workers providing clinical treatments and working in other health units. This study aimed to assess health workers’ level of knowledge as well as reporting attitudes and practices on AEFI in Ondo State, Nigeria.

Method: A cross‑sectional survey using a convenience sampling method was used to recruit Primary Health Care workers in four Local Government Areas (LGAs). A self‑reported questionnaire was adapted from a previous study and used to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices on AEFI.

Results: …


Health Problems, Healthcare Service Utilisation And Its Associated Factors Among The Homeless In Malaysia: A Systematic Review, Fadly Syah Arsad, Rozita Hod, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf Jan 2023

Health Problems, Healthcare Service Utilisation And Its Associated Factors Among The Homeless In Malaysia: A Systematic Review, Fadly Syah Arsad, Rozita Hod, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf

Journal of Health Research

Background: Homelessness is a growing concern since it affects many individuals worldwide. Homeless people are vulnerable to health problems but tend to underutilise health services. Despite being a worldwide concern, there is little research on health issues and healthcare utilisation among homeless people in Malaysia.

Method: Three databases were used to search for relevant articles: Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed. Studies published between 2011 and 2021 that examined the health problems and health service utilisation among homeless adults in Malaysia were considered. Manual searches in reference lists and grey literature were also performed to add reports. Data were extracted …


Hand Hygiene Behaviors Associated With Peritoneal Dialysis-Related Infection, Piyaporn Towannang, Aurawamon Sriyuktasuth, Doungrut Wattanakitkrileart, Talerngsak Kanjanabuch Jan 2023

Hand Hygiene Behaviors Associated With Peritoneal Dialysis-Related Infection, Piyaporn Towannang, Aurawamon Sriyuktasuth, Doungrut Wattanakitkrileart, Talerngsak Kanjanabuch

Journal of Health Research

Background: Hand hygiene (HH) is an effective strategy to prevent infections. This study aimed to explore the association between HH behavior among peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients or caregivers and PD-related infection.

Method: A single-center, cross-sectional study was conducted among PD patients and primary caregivers of totally-dependent PD patients. Data were collected through a participant information form and three different questionnaires about knowledge of HH, facilities for HH, and HH behavior. Documentation of PD-related infections were obtained from patients’ medical records during the last 12 months. Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression were used to analyze the data.

Results: A total …


Effectiveness Of Interactive Text Message Service At The Thailand National Quitline: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Suwimon Rojnawee, Chollada Jongsomjitt, Jintana Yunibhand Jan 2023

Effectiveness Of Interactive Text Message Service At The Thailand National Quitline: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Suwimon Rojnawee, Chollada Jongsomjitt, Jintana Yunibhand

Journal of Health Research

Background: Automatic instant messaging systems are currently a well-known smoking reduction tool for public health. However, smokers’ engagement is lacking, as many prefer to communicate with experts during the quitting period so they can receive advice on dealing with the consequences of nicotine abstinence. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the effectiveness of an interactive text messaging service at the Thailand National Quitline.

Method: The study was conducted as a randomized controlled trial. A total of 314 smokers were eligible, 153 of whom were randomly assigned to receive two-way short messages encouraging them to quit smoking. After the date of …


Effect Of The Culturally Tailored Diabetes Prevention Program For At-Risk Thai Muslim People In Semi-Urban Areas, Yuparat Odglun, Kitti Sranacharoenpong, Nattvara Nirdnoy Jan 2023

Effect Of The Culturally Tailored Diabetes Prevention Program For At-Risk Thai Muslim People In Semi-Urban Areas, Yuparat Odglun, Kitti Sranacharoenpong, Nattvara Nirdnoy

Journal of Health Research

Background: Lifestyle intervention is effective in preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The efficacy of intervention components across different sociocultural settings is relevant for real world implementation. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a culturally tailored diabetes prevention program (CTDPP) for at-risk Muslim people in Thailand.

Method: The CTDPP was developed and culturally adapted based on formative research. Participants at risk for diabetes were recruited and randomly assigned to either the intervention group (n=60) or the control group (n=59). Study group subjects participated in the CTDPP for 3 months. Control group subjects received only routine self-care recommendations …