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Proceedings Of The 22nd International Conference Of Public Health Sciences Jan 2023

Proceedings Of The 22nd International Conference Of Public Health Sciences

Journal of Health Research

Chulalongkorn University has its own vision to be a world-class national university that generates the knowledge and innovation necessary for the creative and sustainable transformation of Thai society. In order to accomplish this vision, Chulalongkorn University has been supporting every Faculties, Institutes, Colleges and etc. within the university to conduct academic activities including in-class teaching, research, and conferences as we have today. The College of Public Health Sciences is the academic entity that emphasizes the teaching-learning on graduate level in the field of public health and public health sciences. It utilizes a mechanism to combine research both in public health …


Socio-Demographic Determinants Of Non-Utilisation Of Antenatal Care Services By Women In The Northern Region Of Nigeria, Abubakar Yakubu Abbani, Yothin Sawangdee, Olusola Akintoye Omisakin, Maretalinia Maretalinia Jan 2023

Socio-Demographic Determinants Of Non-Utilisation Of Antenatal Care Services By Women In The Northern Region Of Nigeria, Abubakar Yakubu Abbani, Yothin Sawangdee, Olusola Akintoye Omisakin, Maretalinia Maretalinia

Journal of Health Research

Background: A large proportion of women in the northern region of Nigeria do not utilise antenatal care (ANC) services. As a result, the region has the worst maternal and child health indicators. This study aims to identify the socio-demographic determinants of the non-utilisation of ANC services by pregnant women to provide evidence for policymakers to base decisions towards addressing the problem.

Methods: Data from the 2018 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey was used with a sample of 14,421 women with a pregnancy history. Descriptive, bivariate, and hierarchical regression analyses were applied to the data using STATA software version 15.

Results: …


Online Dispositional Flow Enhancement Training For Chinese Recreational Runners: A Single-Group Mixed-Method Evaluation, Lijuan Yang, Rajitha Menon Jan 2023

Online Dispositional Flow Enhancement Training For Chinese Recreational Runners: A Single-Group Mixed-Method Evaluation, Lijuan Yang, Rajitha Menon

Journal of Health Research

Background: There are limited studies examining the effectiveness of Mindful Sport Performance Enhancement (MSPE) on dispositional flow enhancement in the recreational population. This is the first empirical evaluation of an online 4-week MSPE designed to enhance dispositional flow in Chinese recreational runners.

Method: In this mixed-method study, a convergent design approach was adopted to examine the acceptability and effectiveness of the 4-week online MSPE in Chinese recreational runners (N = 41). The quantitative strand was designed with a single-group pre-test and post-test model in which the dispositional flow was assessed at 2-time points (i.e., pre and post) using the Chinese …


Living Healthier: A Grounded Theory Of Older Adult With Prehypertension, Junjira Seesawang, Pulawit Thongtang Jan 2023

Living Healthier: A Grounded Theory Of Older Adult With Prehypertension, Junjira Seesawang, Pulawit Thongtang

Journal of Health Research

Background: To prevent hypertension and long-term risk of cardiovascular events, older adults with prehypertension have to adhere to preventive behaviors. Little is known about the experience of adherence to preventive behavior among older adults with prehypertension.

Method: A constructivist grounded theory approach was used to develop a model explaining the process of adherence to preventive behavior among older adults with prehypertension living in Thailand. Participants were recruited using purposive and theoretical samplings from two primary health care units in Western Thailand. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 26 participants. All interview data collection was recorded, transcribed, and analyzed simultaneously. Initial and …


Health Workers’ Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices On Reporting Adverse Events Following Immunization (Aefi) In Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Study, Itse Olaoye, Fatiregun Akinola, Kyriaki Myrissa, Eirini Kelaiditi, Aniebet Ekong, Tsemaye Jacdonmi, Famokun Gboyega, Stephen Fagbemi Jan 2023

Health Workers’ Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices On Reporting Adverse Events Following Immunization (Aefi) In Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Study, Itse Olaoye, Fatiregun Akinola, Kyriaki Myrissa, Eirini Kelaiditi, Aniebet Ekong, Tsemaye Jacdonmi, Famokun Gboyega, Stephen Fagbemi

Journal of Health Research

Background: Reporting of adverse events following immunization (AEFI) is not the sole responsibility of health workers providing routine immunization services, but also of health workers providing clinical treatments and working in other health units. This study aimed to assess health workers’ level of knowledge as well as reporting attitudes and practices on AEFI in Ondo State, Nigeria.

Method: A cross‑sectional survey using a convenience sampling method was used to recruit Primary Health Care workers in four Local Government Areas (LGAs). A self‑reported questionnaire was adapted from a previous study and used to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices on AEFI.

Results: …


Health Problems, Healthcare Service Utilisation And Its Associated Factors Among The Homeless In Malaysia: A Systematic Review, Fadly Syah Arsad, Rozita Hod, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf Jan 2023

Health Problems, Healthcare Service Utilisation And Its Associated Factors Among The Homeless In Malaysia: A Systematic Review, Fadly Syah Arsad, Rozita Hod, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf

Journal of Health Research

Background: Homelessness is a growing concern since it affects many individuals worldwide. Homeless people are vulnerable to health problems but tend to underutilise health services. Despite being a worldwide concern, there is little research on health issues and healthcare utilisation among homeless people in Malaysia.

Method: Three databases were used to search for relevant articles: Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed. Studies published between 2011 and 2021 that examined the health problems and health service utilisation among homeless adults in Malaysia were considered. Manual searches in reference lists and grey literature were also performed to add reports. Data were extracted …


Hand Hygiene Behaviors Associated With Peritoneal Dialysis-Related Infection, Piyaporn Towannang, Aurawamon Sriyuktasuth, Doungrut Wattanakitkrileart, Talerngsak Kanjanabuch Jan 2023

Hand Hygiene Behaviors Associated With Peritoneal Dialysis-Related Infection, Piyaporn Towannang, Aurawamon Sriyuktasuth, Doungrut Wattanakitkrileart, Talerngsak Kanjanabuch

Journal of Health Research

Background: Hand hygiene (HH) is an effective strategy to prevent infections. This study aimed to explore the association between HH behavior among peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients or caregivers and PD-related infection.

Method: A single-center, cross-sectional study was conducted among PD patients and primary caregivers of totally-dependent PD patients. Data were collected through a participant information form and three different questionnaires about knowledge of HH, facilities for HH, and HH behavior. Documentation of PD-related infections were obtained from patients’ medical records during the last 12 months. Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression were used to analyze the data.

Results: A total …


Effectiveness Of Interactive Text Message Service At The Thailand National Quitline: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Suwimon Rojnawee, Chollada Jongsomjitt, Jintana Yunibhand Jan 2023

Effectiveness Of Interactive Text Message Service At The Thailand National Quitline: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Suwimon Rojnawee, Chollada Jongsomjitt, Jintana Yunibhand

Journal of Health Research

Background: Automatic instant messaging systems are currently a well-known smoking reduction tool for public health. However, smokers’ engagement is lacking, as many prefer to communicate with experts during the quitting period so they can receive advice on dealing with the consequences of nicotine abstinence. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the effectiveness of an interactive text messaging service at the Thailand National Quitline.

Method: The study was conducted as a randomized controlled trial. A total of 314 smokers were eligible, 153 of whom were randomly assigned to receive two-way short messages encouraging them to quit smoking. After the date of …


Effect Of The Culturally Tailored Diabetes Prevention Program For At-Risk Thai Muslim People In Semi-Urban Areas, Yuparat Odglun, Kitti Sranacharoenpong, Nattvara Nirdnoy Jan 2023

Effect Of The Culturally Tailored Diabetes Prevention Program For At-Risk Thai Muslim People In Semi-Urban Areas, Yuparat Odglun, Kitti Sranacharoenpong, Nattvara Nirdnoy

Journal of Health Research

Background: Lifestyle intervention is effective in preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The efficacy of intervention components across different sociocultural settings is relevant for real world implementation. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a culturally tailored diabetes prevention program (CTDPP) for at-risk Muslim people in Thailand.

Method: The CTDPP was developed and culturally adapted based on formative research. Participants at risk for diabetes were recruited and randomly assigned to either the intervention group (n=60) or the control group (n=59). Study group subjects participated in the CTDPP for 3 months. Control group subjects received only routine self-care recommendations …


Impaired Cytokines Gene Expression By Diazinon And Its Relation With Blood Chemistry And Oxidative Stress Biomarkers In Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus), Mahmoud El Sebaei, Mohammad Shathele, Sabry Mohamed El-Bahr Dec 2022

Impaired Cytokines Gene Expression By Diazinon And Its Relation With Blood Chemistry And Oxidative Stress Biomarkers In Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus), Mahmoud El Sebaei, Mohammad Shathele, Sabry Mohamed El-Bahr

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Diazinon (DZN) is a promising broad-spectrum organophosphorus insecticide. There is no evidence to support the hypothesis that DZN alters cytokine gene expression and that these modifications have an immediate impact on the histopathology, blood chemistry and oxidative stress in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Therefore, 225 fish were divided into one control group and four treatment groups (45 fish/group; 3 replicates/group; 15 fish/ replicate). Fish in the control group were supplied with water free of DZN. Fish in the treatment groups (T1-T4) were intoxicated with DZN at 0.28 mg/L for 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks, respectively. Activities of AST and …


Multiplex Sybr Green Real-Time Rt-Pcr Assays For The Improved Detection Of Viral Pathogens In Horses: Equine Infectious Anemia, West Nile And Japanese Encephalitis Viruses, Sunutcha Suntrarachun, Surasak Akesowan, Suchitra Khunsup Dec 2022

Multiplex Sybr Green Real-Time Rt-Pcr Assays For The Improved Detection Of Viral Pathogens In Horses: Equine Infectious Anemia, West Nile And Japanese Encephalitis Viruses, Sunutcha Suntrarachun, Surasak Akesowan, Suchitra Khunsup

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV), West Nile virus (WNV) and Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) are mosquito-borne viruses that are of great concern for the equine industry worldwide. These viruses produce similar clinical signs and veterinarians need to be able to differentiate between them quickly. In this study, multiplex known as duplex and triplex SYBR Green real-time RT-PCR assays were developed to detect these three viruses and to discriminate between them based on differences in the melting temperatures (Tm) of their amplification products. Three melting peaks, generated simultaneously at temperatures of 78.5±0.5°C, 83.5±0.5°C and 85.0±1.0°C, indicated the presence of EIAV, JEV …


Unravelling The Productivity Rate Of Selective Media For Brucella Strains, Mustafa Sencer Karagul, Serkan Ikiz Dec 2022

Unravelling The Productivity Rate Of Selective Media For Brucella Strains, Mustafa Sencer Karagul, Serkan Ikiz

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

The aim of this study is to reveal the productivity rate of selective media for Brucella strains. Brucella selective media namely Farrell’s medium, CITA, Modified Thayer-Martin, Jones-Morgan medium and one additional medium including erythritol and antibiotics were compared within the scope of productivity rate and colony growth in time. The comparison was carried out using 14 strains including Brucella abortus biovars, S19 vaccine strain, Brucella suis biovars and Brucella ovis. Erythritol addition showed a positive effect on colony growth in time. In addition to differences between the productivity rates of the media; there was also some variation in the colony …


Appraisal Of Atp1b1 And Gstm3 Proteins As Freezability Factors In Buffalo Ejaculated Spermatozoa, Marvin Bryan Segundo Salinas, Thuchadaporn Chaikhun-Marcou, Phongsakorn Chuammitri, Anucha Sathanawongs Dec 2022

Appraisal Of Atp1b1 And Gstm3 Proteins As Freezability Factors In Buffalo Ejaculated Spermatozoa, Marvin Bryan Segundo Salinas, Thuchadaporn Chaikhun-Marcou, Phongsakorn Chuammitri, Anucha Sathanawongs

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Sperm cryopreservation intensifies the use of assisted reproductive technologies in food animals. However, variations in freezability confront frozen-thawed semen applications. Hence, this groundwork aimed to identify the fundamental differences between high (HF) and low freezability (LF) ejaculated spermatozoa in swamp buffaloes, which were limitedly described for this agricultural species. Twelve (12) different samples of bubaline semen were collected, cryopreserved and categorized into freezability phenotypes using post-thaw sperm motility as the basis. Sperm kinematics and functional plasma membrane integrity were evaluated in HF and LF samples using computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) and hypo-osmotic swelling test, respectively. The relative concentrations of some …


Effect Of Lameness On Daily Milk Yield In Dairy Cow, Piyanat Prasomsri Dec 2022

Effect Of Lameness On Daily Milk Yield In Dairy Cow, Piyanat Prasomsri

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Being aware of the impact of lameness on milk production is necessary to encourage farmers to pay more attention to this issue. Therefore, we need evidence that presents the production loss due to lameness. This can be applied to make the farmers realize the importance of lameness. This study aims to examine the impact of lameness on daily milk yield based on data obtained from cow level in a large dairy farm with 2 units in Thailand. The crossbred Holstein Friesian cows were evaluated for the degree of lameness by locomotion score (LS) monthly for 8 consecutive months. Cows were …


Morphometric Measurements Of Posterior Cranial Fossa And Craniovertebral Junction In Chiari I Malformation With And Without Syringohydromyelia, Pawitra Imemkamon, Supada Prakkamakul, Ketsuda Jakchairoongruang Oct 2022

Morphometric Measurements Of Posterior Cranial Fossa And Craniovertebral Junction In Chiari I Malformation With And Without Syringohydromyelia, Pawitra Imemkamon, Supada Prakkamakul, Ketsuda Jakchairoongruang

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Syringohydromyelia occurs about 30.0 - 85.0% in patients with Chiari I malformation (CMI). The syrinx formation is supposed to be a result of disturbed cerebrospinal fluid flow dynamics, which is associated with the degree of mechanical blockage that may be related to posterior cranial fossa (PCF) and craniovertebral junction anatomy. Objective: Our study aimed to determine the morphometric difference in PCF and craniocervical junction between the CMI patients with and without syringohydromyelia. Methods: Thirty CMI patients (16 with syringohydromyelia; 14 without syringohydromyelia) and 16 healthy subjects were also recruited. PCF and craniocervical junction measurements of 5 distances and 5 …


Reliability Of The Thai Version Of The Modified Start Back Screening Tool In Individuals With Neck Pain, Nattawan Phungwattanakul, Uchukarn Boonyapo, Taweewat Wiangkham Oct 2022

Reliability Of The Thai Version Of The Modified Start Back Screening Tool In Individuals With Neck Pain, Nattawan Phungwattanakul, Uchukarn Boonyapo, Taweewat Wiangkham

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Backgrounds: The modified STarT Back Screening Tool in Thai version (mSBST-TH) for individuals with neck pain (NP) was adapted from the STarT Back Screening Tool in Thai version (SBST-TH) for individuals with low back pain (LBP) to classify individuals with NP into low, medium, and high risk for chronicity. Owing to a lot of individuals with NP in Thailand. It would be beneficial if the mSBST-TH was available to help primary care management in Thai individuals with NP. However, the reliability of this tool has not been investigated. Objective: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the reliability …


Efficacy Of Digitalized Comprehensive Educational Program For Patients With Allergic Contact Dermatitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Wongsiya Viarasilpa, Prattana Sittiwattanawong Oct 2022

Efficacy Of Digitalized Comprehensive Educational Program For Patients With Allergic Contact Dermatitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Wongsiya Viarasilpa, Prattana Sittiwattanawong

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is an inflammatory skin disease resulting from exposure to allergen. The patient education is crucial to successful treatment and management of ACD. However, this process can be time consuming, requiring trained healthcare personnel resulting in increased workload and may be difficult in the setting of limited workforce or resource. Objective: To assess the effect of informative digitalized video-based educational program (iDVE) on patients’ quality of life, disease severity and knowledge of ACD compared to standard counselling (control). Methods: Patients with ACD were randomized to participate in iDVE or control group. The primary outcome was the …


Occupational Stress And Related Factors Among Registered Nurses At Relief And Community Health Bureau, The Thai Red Cross Society, Itsaraporn Palasak, Siriluck Suppapitiporn Oct 2022

Occupational Stress And Related Factors Among Registered Nurses At Relief And Community Health Bureau, The Thai Red Cross Society, Itsaraporn Palasak, Siriluck Suppapitiporn

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Previous studies have found that occupational stress affects work performance among registered nurses and causes a high turnover rate. The study of occupational stress levels and related factors can help prevent occupational stress impacting on physical and mental health. Also, it may help increase work efficiency and enhance the commitment to the organization. Objective: To study the level of occupational stress and related factors among registered nurses at Relief and Community Health Bureau, The Thai Red Cross Society (RCHB-TRC). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the RCHB-TRC, Thailand. Data were collected from 133 registered nurses using self-administered …


Acute Effect Of Low-Dose Sugar Ingestion On Forearm Blood Flow In Healthy Men, Manta Korakot, Weerapat Kositanurit, Pachara Varachotisate, Chuti Burana, Chanchai Boonla, Onanong Kulaputana Oct 2022

Acute Effect Of Low-Dose Sugar Ingestion On Forearm Blood Flow In Healthy Men, Manta Korakot, Weerapat Kositanurit, Pachara Varachotisate, Chuti Burana, Chanchai Boonla, Onanong Kulaputana

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Hyperglycemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease resulting in vascular damage in both diabetic and non-diabetic people. Objective: To determine acute effect of elevated plasma glucose from a low-dose sugar ingestion on forearm blood flow (FBF) in healthy men. Methods: Ten healthy men (aged 24.1 4.1 years) participated in two experimental conditions: 1) drinking 200 mL of water (Control), and 2) drinking 15 grams of sugar solution (Sugar). The two conditions were scheduled in random order with a minimum of three days of washout period between conditions. FBF was determined by venous occlusion plethysmography. Peak forearm blood …


Mental Health, Social Skills, And Associated Factors Of Flight Attendants In A Commercial Airline In Thailand, Thanradee Kongmanee, Peeraphon Lueboonthavatchai Oct 2022

Mental Health, Social Skills, And Associated Factors Of Flight Attendants In A Commercial Airline In Thailand, Thanradee Kongmanee, Peeraphon Lueboonthavatchai

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Mounting evidence has shown that most flight attendants have an average mental health and mental health problems such as stress, fatigue, and sleep problems. However, there were limited studies concerning their social skills and associated factors. This study identified the flight attendants’ mental health, associated factors with the mental health of flight attendants in Thai Airways International Public Company Limited. Objective: To explore the mental health, social skills, and associated factors of flight attendants in Thai Airways International Public Company Limited. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed with the participation of 408 flight attendants of Thai Airways International …


Social Media Addiction And Self-Esteem Of High School Students In Hat Yai Municipality, Secondary Educational Service Area Office 16, Thailand, Montira Muanjan, Sookjaroen Tangwongchai Oct 2022

Social Media Addiction And Self-Esteem Of High School Students In Hat Yai Municipality, Secondary Educational Service Area Office 16, Thailand, Montira Muanjan, Sookjaroen Tangwongchai

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Social media use has been increasing dramatically. Some evidences suggest that excessive use of social media may impact the level of self-esteem. Objective: To explore the level of social media addiction, self-esteem and associated factors among high school students in Hat Yai municipality. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design was employed with participation of 415 high school students in Hat Yai municipality. The instruments included a set of questionnaires to assess the demographic data and patterns of social media use, media addiction test (SMAT), Thai version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (T-PSQI), Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) and …


Workplace Innovation Management Of Nurse Managers In University Hospitals: A Phenomenological Study, Siriwan Thongthip, Kannikar Chatdokmaiprai, Phechnoy Singchungchai Oct 2022

Workplace Innovation Management Of Nurse Managers In University Hospitals: A Phenomenological Study, Siriwan Thongthip, Kannikar Chatdokmaiprai, Phechnoy Singchungchai

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: University Hospitals in Thailand still have no responsible unit related to Workplace Innovation Management (WPIM) and First-Line Nurse Managers (FLNMs) are the key person of the organization, but today there is still a lack of knowledge on individual innovation and creativity in the workplace, especially in nursing organizations with the future practice of nursing in a technologically advanced future and keep up with modern society and digital technology transformation era. Objectives: To describe the definition and components of Workplace Innovation Management from First-Line Nurse Managers’ experiences in University Hospitals. Methods: Data were collected by in-depth interviews of FLNMs. Colaizzi’s …


Intra-Rater And Inter-Rater Reliability And Minimum Detectable Change Of Visual Analog Scale And Digital Goniometer In Patients With Subacute Unilateral Lateral Ankle Sprain, Thongchai Suksri, Chitanongk Gaogasigam, Sujitra Boonyong Oct 2022

Intra-Rater And Inter-Rater Reliability And Minimum Detectable Change Of Visual Analog Scale And Digital Goniometer In Patients With Subacute Unilateral Lateral Ankle Sprain, Thongchai Suksri, Chitanongk Gaogasigam, Sujitra Boonyong

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Patients with subacute unilateral lateral ankle sprain commonly experience pain and limited range of motion (ROM). Measurement reliability should be investigated before assessing treatment effectiveness. Objective: To determine both intra-rater and inter-rater reliability and minimal detectable change (MDC) of visual analog scale (VAS) and digital goniometer in patients with subacute unilateral lateral ankle sprain. Methods: Ten subjects (7 men, 3 women; aged 29.90  12.81 years) with subacute unilateral lateral ankle sprain were recruited. Two investigators measured pain intensity and ROM using VAS and a digital goniometer, respectively, with a 30-minute break between measurements. The same protocol was repeated …


Cyberbullying, Well-Being And Mental Health Of Freshmen Of A University In Bangkok, Thachira Jamnongrit Oct 2022

Cyberbullying, Well-Being And Mental Health Of Freshmen Of A University In Bangkok, Thachira Jamnongrit

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Cyberbullying is an electronic harassment commonly found in adolescents and affects the wellbeing and mental health of the victims. Objective: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of cyberbullying among freshman and to investigate the relationship between cyberbullying, psychological well-being, and mental health among freshmen of Chulalongkorn University. Methods: A cross-sectional design enrolled participation of 1,433 freshmen in 19 faculties of Chulalongkorn University. The subjects were requested to complete online surveys concerning demographic information, cyber-aggression victimization scale (Thai version), Thai mental health questionnaire (TMHQ: CU-modified version), and CU student psychological well-being (revised 2020). Results: Fifty-two point-seven …


The Coincidence Of Abernethy Malformation And Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome: A Case Report, Thipsumon Tangsiwong, Siriwan Wananukul, Panruethai Trinavarat Oct 2022

The Coincidence Of Abernethy Malformation And Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome: A Case Report, Thipsumon Tangsiwong, Siriwan Wananukul, Panruethai Trinavarat

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Abernethy malformation was demonstrated in a 10-year-old boy, whose underlying disease of blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) was achieved first-time-right diagnosis by cutaneous stigmata, presenting with persistent gross hematuria and hemodynamic instability secondary to vesical venous malformation. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) imaging was obtained to explore identifiable and treatable causes of the active bleeding, revealing Abernathy malformation and unusual visceral slow-flow vascular malformations including venous varicosities and splenic lymphangiomatosis. This is a first case report of the coincidence of Abernathy malformation and BRBNS. Imaging played an important role in detection of clinically occult congenital portal venous anomalies and visceral …


Development Of A Questionnaire To Evaluate The Attitudes Towards Home Health Visits In Applied Thai Traditional Medical Students: A Pilot Study, Sarunthorn Puttipaibool, Athippat Tantiwongsekunakorn, Kaittiyos Kuldejchaichan, Sukree Kade, Sirikan Poopong, Photnicha Jaturapat, Sasima Tongsai, Suprapath Sonjaipanich, Pravit Akarasereenont Oct 2022

Development Of A Questionnaire To Evaluate The Attitudes Towards Home Health Visits In Applied Thai Traditional Medical Students: A Pilot Study, Sarunthorn Puttipaibool, Athippat Tantiwongsekunakorn, Kaittiyos Kuldejchaichan, Sukree Kade, Sirikan Poopong, Photnicha Jaturapat, Sasima Tongsai, Suprapath Sonjaipanich, Pravit Akarasereenont

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Home health visits (HHV) are the new duty and development of students of applied Thai traditional medicine (ATM). We performed to develop a measuring instrument to ensure that students have positive attitudes to HHV. Objective: To develop a reliable and valid questionnaire for evaluating attitudes regarding home health visits among ATM students. Methods: There are 28 items in creating the questionnaire which is supposed to be used to assess attitudes toward HHV in four areas, including those related to the practice in HHV, the role of ATM practitioners, relationship with patients and patient’s relatives, and collaboration with the multidisciplinary …


Factors Influencing Decision Making To Use Large Private Hospitals Of Thai Patients In Bangkok After Covid-19 Outbreak, Decha Lalitanantpong, Kingporn Thongbai, Anothai Ngamvichaikit Oct 2022

Factors Influencing Decision Making To Use Large Private Hospitals Of Thai Patients In Bangkok After Covid-19 Outbreak, Decha Lalitanantpong, Kingporn Thongbai, Anothai Ngamvichaikit

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: The worldwide pandemic of coronavirus infections disease 2019 (COVID-19 impacts the Thai medical’s hub tourism industry. The private hospital sector needs to provide appropriate services for Thai consumers. Objectives: The objectives of this research were to study: 1) The level of decision making of use large private hospitals of Thai patients living in Bangkok after COVID-19 outbreak; 2) The marketing mix related to the level of decision making to use large private hospitals; 3) The marketing mix that influences decision making to use large private hospitals. Methods: This study was a survey research. The population was 8,757,843 Thai patients …


Changes In Brain Structural Volume And White Matter Abnormalities In Young Perinatally-Acquired Hiv Infected Children Treated With Antiretroviral Therapy, Netsiri Dumrongpisutikul, Kultida Chaiyagool Oct 2022

Changes In Brain Structural Volume And White Matter Abnormalities In Young Perinatally-Acquired Hiv Infected Children Treated With Antiretroviral Therapy, Netsiri Dumrongpisutikul, Kultida Chaiyagool

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Several studies have reported human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) effects on brain volume and found white matter signal abnormality (WMSA) on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Objective: To evaluate brain volume and WMSA of antiretroviral therapy (ART)-treated perinatally-acquired HIV infected (PHIV) young children. Methods: From November 2016 to March 2018, MRI of 19 ART-treated PHIV young children, aged 12 - 56 months, were analyzed for structural brain volume using FreeSurfer software with manual correction. WMSA were classified into 4 grades. Comparison between the brain volumes and WMSA between early and late ART-treated groups as well as changes of the brain …


Iranian Health Transformation Plan In Physiotherapy Services: Comparison Of Household Based Financial Outcomes, Seyedeh Mitra Hosseini Malekroudi, Zahra Mohtasham-Amiri, Enayatollah Homaie Rad Sep 2022

Iranian Health Transformation Plan In Physiotherapy Services: Comparison Of Household Based Financial Outcomes, Seyedeh Mitra Hosseini Malekroudi, Zahra Mohtasham-Amiri, Enayatollah Homaie Rad

Journal of Health Research

Background: Physiotherapy services are important because they help disabled patients to return to work and other social activities. High out-of-pocket payments of physiotherapy services are one of the major barriers to the utilization of these services. In 2014 a reform was implemented in Iran named as Health Transformation Plan aimed to improve Universal Health Coverage of Iranians. We tried to find the effects of HTP on the financial outcomes of physiotherapy services.

Method: Data of Iranian Household Income and Expenditures Survey (IHIES) before and after HTP was used in this study. Out of Pocket payments and utilization of physiotherapy services …


Semen Production Capacity Among Boar Breeds And Effect Of Organic Antioxidant Supplementation On Sperm Characteristics During The Hot Season In Thailand, Congbang Ngo, Suriya Sooksong, Nutthee Am-In, Padet Tummaruk Sep 2022

Semen Production Capacity Among Boar Breeds And Effect Of Organic Antioxidant Supplementation On Sperm Characteristics During The Hot Season In Thailand, Congbang Ngo, Suriya Sooksong, Nutthee Am-In, Padet Tummaruk

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

The present study was carried out to investigate semen production capacity among boar breeds and measure the efficiency of a new organic antioxidant supplementation on semen production and qualities during the hot season in Thailand. A total of 711 ejaculates from 87 boars (i.e., 26 Duroc, 15 Landrace, 30 Yorkshire and 16 crossbred Landrace × Yorkshire) were included in the study. Semen samples were allocated into two treatments – without organic antioxidant (CONTROL; n = 397) and with organic antioxidant supplementation (TREATMENT; n = 314). The experiment was carried out for three months during the hot season in May (n …