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Magnetostrictive And Elastic Properties Of Fe100−Xmox (2, Mianliang Huang, A. O. Mandru, G. Petculescu, A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, Thomas A. Lograsso 2010 Iowa State University

Magnetostrictive And Elastic Properties Of Fe100−Xmox (2, Mianliang Huang, A. O. Mandru, G. Petculescu, A. E. Clark, M. Wun-Fogle, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

In this paper we investigate the magnetostrictive [(3/2)λ100 and (3/2)λ111] and elastic (c′and c44) behavior of single crystalline alloys Fe100−xMox for 21 and −b2) are computed from the measurements. Similar to other Fe–X (X = Al, Ga, and Ge) alloys, the tetragonal magnetostriction (3/2)λ100 increases monotonically from ∼ 70×10−6 at ∼ 2.5 at. % Mo to a maximum of either ∼ 100×10−6 at ∼ 8 at. % Mo for the slow cooled crystals or ∼ 125×10−6 at ∼ 11 at. % Mo for quenched crystals. A ...


Magnetoelasticity Of Fe–Si Single Crystals, Qingfeng Xing, D. Wu, Thomas A. Lograsso 2010 Iowa State University

Magnetoelasticity Of Fe–Si Single Crystals, Qingfeng Xing, D. Wu, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Conference Papers, Posters, and Presentations

The tetragonal magnetostriction constant, (3/2)λ100, of Fe–Si single crystals was measured and was found to be structure dependent. Similar to that of Fe–Ge single crystals, (3/2)λ100 is positive in the single phase A2 regime, becomes negative in the single phase D03 regime, and changes from positive to negative between the two regimes. Short-range order in the A2 regime decreases the magnetostriction prior to the onset of long range order. In the single phase regions of both A2 and D03, thermal history does not show any obvious effect on the magnetostriction ...


Petroleum Degradation In Soil By Thermophilic Bacteria With Biopile Reactor, Astri Nugroho, Edison Effendi, Yulius Karonta 2010 Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Environmental Technology, Trisakti University, Jakarta 11440, Indonesia

Petroleum Degradation In Soil By Thermophilic Bacteria With Biopile Reactor, Astri Nugroho, Edison Effendi, Yulius Karonta

Makara Journal of Technology

Crude oil degradation has been carried out using biopile reactor in total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) concentration of 5%, 10% and 15%. The thermophilic microorganisms used from isolation result and identification are Aeromonas salmonicida, Bacillus pantothenticus, and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. The biodegradation of biopile reactor is done by various concentrations of TPH, total plate count (TPC), and volatile suspended solid (VSS) per day for 30 days. The biodegradation of kinetic parameter calculated consists of μ, μm, Y, Yt, Yobs, Kd, Ks from TPH concentration decision, and TPC and VSS in every microorganism with t (observation time) of 0 hour to 168 hours ...


A Simple Technique For Surface Area Determination Through Supercritical Co2 Adsorption, Mahmud Sudibandriyo 2010 Departemen Teknik Kimia, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia

A Simple Technique For Surface Area Determination Through Supercritical Co2 Adsorption, Mahmud Sudibandriyo

Makara Journal of Technology

The measurement of specific surface area of porous materials has long been important in physical sciences and is currently growing in importance in applied and environmental science. Numerous systems have been developed for surface area measurement by gas adsorption. Commercial systems are available which can measure a wide range of absolute surface area with relative ease. However, their cost is often prohibitive. In this study, an inexpensive apparatus for surface area measurement has been set up to be used for measuring supercritical adsorption of CO2. The Ono-Kondo Lattice model was used to represent the adsorption isotherm and to determine the ...


Maintenance Activity Planning By Reability Centered Maintenance Ii Method, Rachmad Hidayat, Nachnul Ansori, Ali Imron 2010 Program Studi Teknik Industri, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Trunojoyo, PO BOX 2, Madura 16912, Indonesia

Maintenance Activity Planning By Reability Centered Maintenance Ii Method, Rachmad Hidayat, Nachnul Ansori, Ali Imron

Makara Journal of Technology

Maintenance Activity Planning by Reability Centered Maintenance II Method. This research discusses maintenance activity planning using the RCM II method to evaluate failure function risk on compresor screw. The calculation of maintenance time is performed by considering maintenance and repair costs. The risk evaluation result with RPN shows that the critical component that needs to get the main priority in applying maintenance on compresor screw is function disorder on timeworn piston and on the broken outgoing air sponge’s filter that receives RPN 45. The optimum maintenance time calculation is applied on components that undergo scheduled restoration and scheduled discard ...


Software Design Of Mobile Antenna For Auto Satellite Tracking Using Modem Correction And Elevation Azimuth Method, Djamhari Sirat, Muhamad Asvial, Arman Djohan Diponegoro, Himawan Sidharta 2010 Departemen Elektro, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia

Software Design Of Mobile Antenna For Auto Satellite Tracking Using Modem Correction And Elevation Azimuth Method, Djamhari Sirat, Muhamad Asvial, Arman Djohan Diponegoro, Himawan Sidharta

Makara Journal of Technology

Software Design of Mobile Antenna for Auto Satellite Tracking Using Modem Correction and Elevation Azimuth Method. Pointing accuracy is important in satellite communication. Because the satellite’s distance to the surface of the earth's satellite is so huge, 1 degree of pointing error will make the antenna unable to send data to satellites. To overcome this, the auto-tracking satellite controller is made. This system uses a microcontroller as the controller, with the GPS as the location indicator of the antenna, a digital compass as the beginning of antenna pointing direction, a rotary encoder as azimuth and elevation censor, and ...


Fishing Catch And Catch Rate Assesment Of Mini Trawl, Trapnet And Setnet Fisheries, Muhammad Firdaus 2010 Jurusan Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, FPIK, Universitas Borneo, Tarakan, Kalimantan Timur 77123, Indonesia

Fishing Catch And Catch Rate Assesment Of Mini Trawl, Trapnet And Setnet Fisheries, Muhammad Firdaus

Makara Journal of Technology

Fishing Catch and Catch Rate Assesment of Mini Trawl, Trapnet and Setnet Fisheries. This paper is aimed at assessing fishing catch and catch rate of the dragged gear on shrimp, trapnet, and setnet fisheries in Tarakan. The catch and effort data (number and species) and the fishing time of captured units were used in this qualitative analysis of fishing catch and catch rate to describe catch composition and catch rate from three catch fishery units in Tarakan. The result of the research shows that in the catching operation the dragged gear on shrimp has two main catch targets, which are ...


Ontology-Based Automatic Classification For News Articles In Indonesian Language, Prajna Wira Basnur, Dana Indra Sensuse 2010 Fakultas Ilmu Komputer, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia

Ontology-Based Automatic Classification For News Articles In Indonesian Language, Prajna Wira Basnur, Dana Indra Sensuse

Makara Journal of Technology

Ontology-Based Automatic Classification for News Articles in Indonesian Language. Searching specific information will be difficult if relying only on query. Choosing less specific queries will result in a lot of irrelevant information fetched by the system. One of the most successful ways to overcome this problem is to perform document classification based on the topic. There are many methods that can be used to conduct such a classification, such as using statistical and machine learning approaches. However, those document classification methods require training the data or learning the documents. In this study, the authors attempted to classify documents using a ...


Particle Filter With Binary Gaussian Weighting And Support Vector Machine For Human Pose Interpretation, Indah Agustien, Muhammad Rahmat Widyanto, Sukmawati Nur Endah, Tarzan Basaruddin 2010 Faculty of Computer Science, University of Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia

Particle Filter With Binary Gaussian Weighting And Support Vector Machine For Human Pose Interpretation, Indah Agustien, Muhammad Rahmat Widyanto, Sukmawati Nur Endah, Tarzan Basaruddin

Makara Journal of Technology

This paper proposes human pose interpretation using particle filter (PF) with Binary Gaussian Weighting and support vector machine (SVM). In the proposed system, particle filter is used to track a human object, then this human object is skeletonized using thinning algorithm and classified using SVM. The classification is to identify human pose, whether it is normal or abnormal behavior. Here particle filter is modified through weight calculation using Gaussian distribution to reduce the computational time. The modified particle filter consists of four main phases. First, particles are generated to predict target’s location. Second, the weight of certain particles is ...


Ergonomic Analysis Of Ui’S Bicyclesusing Posture Evaluation Index (Pei) Method In Virtual Environment, Erlinda Muslim, Boy Nurtjahyo, Zulkarnain Zulkarnain, Liza Afrinotha 2010 Departemen Teknik Industri, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia

Ergonomic Analysis Of Ui’S Bicyclesusing Posture Evaluation Index (Pei) Method In Virtual Environment, Erlinda Muslim, Boy Nurtjahyo, Zulkarnain Zulkarnain, Liza Afrinotha

Makara Journal of Technology

Ergonomic Analysis of UI’s Bicycles Using Posture Evaluation Index (PEI) Method in Virtual Environment. This research was conducted to study the ergonomic aspect of University of Indonesia’s bicycles in virtual environment. Software Jack 6.0 was used to analyze it. PEI was used as an approach that integrated the results of three methods: lower back analysis (LBA), ovako working posture analysis (OWAS), and rapid upper limb assessment (RULA). The research objective is to evaluate the existing design of University of Indonesia’s bicycles and to determine the most ergonomic redesign which concerns handlebar height and saddle height modification ...


Rubidium Recycling In A High Intensity Short Duration Pulsed Alkali Laser, Wooddy S. Miller 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Rubidium Recycling In A High Intensity Short Duration Pulsed Alkali Laser, Wooddy S. Miller

Theses and Dissertations

Laser induced fluorescence was used to study how pump pulse duration and alkali recycle time effects maximum power output in a Diode Pumped Alkali Laser (DPAL) system. A high intensity short pulsed pump source was used to excited rubidium atoms inside a DPAL-type laser. The maximum output power of the laser showed a strong dependence upon the temporal width of the pump pulse in addition to the input pump intensity. A linear relationship was observed between the maximum output power and the pulse width due to the effective lifetime of the excited state, defined as the time it takes for ...


Hard Collisions In Rubidium Using Sub-Doppler Spectroscopy, Douglas E. Thornton 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Hard Collisions In Rubidium Using Sub-Doppler Spectroscopy, Douglas E. Thornton

Theses and Dissertations

To better understand the laser kinetics of an alkali gain medium, hard collisions, or velocity-changing collisions, has been studied and a velocity-changing collisional rate has been calculated. Previous works have studied these collisions, but no rate has been calculated. Using the precise tool of sub-Doppler spectroscopy, atomic hard collisions can be observed. The collected spectra are fitted with two different line shapes to demonstrate the accuracy of this method. From the fits, the number of hard collisions can be extracted. The time scale of the hard collisions in rubidium is interpolated by varying the chopping frequency of the pump beam ...


Effect Of Carbon Addition On The Single Crystalline Magnetostriction Of Fe-X (X = Al And Ga) Alloys, Mianliang Huang, Yingzhou Du, Robert J. McQueeney, Thomas A. Lograsso 2010 Iowa State University

Effect Of Carbon Addition On The Single Crystalline Magnetostriction Of Fe-X (X = Al And Ga) Alloys, Mianliang Huang, Yingzhou Du, Robert J. Mcqueeney, Thomas A. Lograsso

Ames Laboratory Publications

The effect of carbon addition on the magnetostriction of Fe–Ga and Fe–Al alloys was investigated and is summarized in this study. It was found that the addition of carbon generally increased the magnetostriction over binary alloys of Fe–Ga and Fe–Al systems. The formation of carbide in the Fe–Ga–C alloys with a composition near D03 phase region decreased the magnetostriction drastically. Fe–Al–C and Fe–Ga–C alloys responded differently to thermal treatments; the magnetostriction in the quenched Fe–Al–C alloys is equal to or slightly lower than that of the slow ...


Bulk Motion For Ultrasonic-Assisted Microforming Using Terfenol-D, Adam T. Witthauer, LeAnn E. Faidley, Gap-Yong Kim 2010 Iowa State University

Bulk Motion For Ultrasonic-Assisted Microforming Using Terfenol-D, Adam T. Witthauer, Leann E. Faidley, Gap-Yong Kim

Mechanical Engineering Conference Presentations, Papers, and Proceedings

Microforming requires high-precision motion due to scaling issues. A Terfenol-D transducer was considered to provide bulk motion for micro-extrusion. Because Terfenol-D cannot practically produce the necessary 2.5 mm displacement for this micro-extrusion experiment, a lever system was designed to amplify the output displacement. Compliant joints (flexures) were used to replace conventional bearings, resulting in a flexible, solid-state lever mechanism. By eliminating the backlash and static friction associated with conventional bearings, it should be possible to improve displacement precision as required to meet the geometric tolerance demands of microforming. A chief concern when designing flexure joints that see large amounts ...


Relation Between Ga Ordering And Magnetostriction Of Fe-Ga Alloys Studied By X-Ray Diffuse Scattering, Y. Du, Mianliang Huang, S. Chang, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, Robert J. McQueeney 2010 Iowa State University

Relation Between Ga Ordering And Magnetostriction Of Fe-Ga Alloys Studied By X-Ray Diffuse Scattering, Y. Du, Mianliang Huang, S. Chang, Deborah L. Schlagel, Thomas A. Lograsso, Robert J. Mcqueeney

Ames Laboratory Publications

Transmission synchrotron diffraction was employed to characterize the Ga ordering in magnetostrictive Fe100−xGax alloys with Ga concentrations from 0 to 20.3 at. %. The experiments focused on the development of atomic short-range ordering (SRO) by analysis of the diffuse scattering appearing at superlattice positions of the D03 ordered alloy structure. No SRO was found for Ga concentrations less than 4 at. %. Between 13 and 20.3 at. %, D03-type SRO clusters are observed whose size increases with Ga concentration for both slow-cooled and quenched samples. Thermal quenching of the samples suppresses the cluster sizes ...


Extraction Of Silver From Waste X-Ray Films By Thiosulphate Leaching, Ersin Y. Yazici, Ahmet Deniz Bas, Haci Deveci 2010 Karadeniz Technical University

Extraction Of Silver From Waste X-Ray Films By Thiosulphate Leaching, Ersin Y. Yazici, Ahmet Deniz Bas, Haci Deveci

Ahmet Deniz Bas

No abstract provided.


Isogeometric Shell Analysis: The Reissner–Mindlin Shell, D. J. Benson, Y. Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, T.J.R. Hughes 2010 University of California, San Diego

Isogeometric Shell Analysis: The Reissner–Mindlin Shell, D. J. Benson, Y. Bazilevs, Ming-Chen Hsu, T.J.R. Hughes

Ming-Chen Hsu

A Reissner–Mindlin shell formulation based on a degenerated solid is implemented for NURBS-based isogeometric analysis. The performance of the approach is examined on a set of linear elastic and nonlinear elasto-plastic benchmark examples. The analyses were performed with LS-DYNA, an industrial, general-purpose finite element code, for which a user-defined shell element capability was implemented. This new feature, to be reported on in subsequent work, allows for the use of NURBS and other non-standard discretizations in a sophisticated nonlinear analysis framework.


Factors Controlling Ductility In Ultrafine Grain Aluminum Alloys Under Monotonic And Cyclic Loading, Partha Sarathi De 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Factors Controlling Ductility In Ultrafine Grain Aluminum Alloys Under Monotonic And Cyclic Loading, Partha Sarathi De

Doctoral Dissertations

"Ultrafine grained (UFG) Al processed by severe plastic deformation (SPD) methods are characterized by high strength and a limited uniform ductility. Friction stir processing (FSP), an offshoot of friction stir welding has emerged as a new technique to produce UFG alloys. FSP-UFG Al alloys show a distinctly different behavior with higher uniform elongation and improved high cycle fatigue life as compared to other SPD processed variants. The objective of this work was to study the microstructural basis for such mechanical behavior in FSP-UFG Al alloys.

To study the mechanical behavior of FSP Al alloys, a subsize bending fatigue and uniaxial ...


Characterization Of Diamond Thin Films And Related Materials, Travis K. McKindra 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Characterization Of Diamond Thin Films And Related Materials, Travis K. Mckindra

Doctoral Dissertations

"Thin carbon films including sputtered deposited graphite and CO₂ laser-assisted combustion-flame deposited graphite and diamond thin films were characterized using optical and electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and micro-Raman spectroscopy. Amorphous carbon thin films were deposited by DC magnetron sputtering using Ar/O₂ gases. The film morphology changed with the oxygen content. The deposition rate decreased as the amount of oxygen increased due to oxygen reacting with the growing film. The use of oxygen in the working gas enhanced the crystalline nature of the films. Graphite was deposited on WC substrates by a CO₂ laser-assisted O₂/C₂H₂ combustion-flame method. Two distinct ...


Dependency Of Machinability In Gray Cast Iron On Nitride-Induced Age Strengthening, Jared Teague 2010 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Dependency Of Machinability In Gray Cast Iron On Nitride-Induced Age Strengthening, Jared Teague

Doctoral Dissertations

"Work of previous researchers has suggested that room temperature age strengthening in gray cast irons improves machinability. Verification and quantification of the machinability improvement is important to industry. Improved machinability will reduce overall manufacturing costs and reduce raw material consumption by decreasing the rate at which tools are replaced. Experimental work was performed to determine a connection between improved machinability in gray cast iron and changes in machining mechanics. An industrial tool wear study verified that age strengthening improved machinability by reducing tool wear to less than one-quarter of the unaged value. Laboratory tests on iron castings from the same ...


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