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Analysis Of Novel Corrosion Resistant Maraging Steels For Use In Additive Manufacturing, Bradley Michael Samuel, James Knowlton Smith 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Analysis Of Novel Corrosion Resistant Maraging Steels For Use In Additive Manufacturing, Bradley Michael Samuel, James Knowlton Smith

Materials Engineering

Stainless maraging steel has been proven to be an industry standard material for plastic injection molds. Its high hardness and corrosion resistance extend the lifetime of the tool. This alloy system is also well-suited to additive manufacturing, which can be utilized to form internal cooling channels, further increasing tool life. Using Rapid Alloy Development (RAD) Oerilkon METCO is developing a new composition of stainless maraging tool steel that has high hardness/strength, is corrosion resistant, and has additive-capable melting and solidification properties. This study tests the hardness and corrosion resistance of the new RAD alloys against the current market competitor ...


Non-Destructive Material Analysis Of Metals And Composites Via Thermography, Jonathan R. Doubt, James L. Chapman 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Non-Destructive Material Analysis Of Metals And Composites Via Thermography, Jonathan R. Doubt, James L. Chapman

Materials Engineering

The Naval Surface Warfare Center, Port Hueneme Division, is interested in the development of non-destructive damage assessment of shipboard materials via drones at distance. Long Pulsed Thermography (LPT), a method of non-destructive evaluation, was investigated as a possible method for detecting damage in metals (5005h24 Al alloy and 1008 carbon steel) and composites (aramid fiber honeycomb sandwich structure) at distances from 0.5 m to 3.0 m. LPT was conducted using two 1000 W can lights to heat the samples, and a FLIR E8-XT thermal camera. The images were then analyzed using ImageJ software to determine if damage could ...


Effects Of Release Materials And Temperature Ramp Rates On The Surface Finish Of Carbon-Fiber Composite Components, Sudeep Louis, Thucmy Dang, Ethan Schlocker 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Effects Of Release Materials And Temperature Ramp Rates On The Surface Finish Of Carbon-Fiber Composite Components, Sudeep Louis, Thucmy Dang, Ethan Schlocker

Materials Engineering

Toray Advanced Composites is interested in improving their carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP) manufacturing process by enhancing their control on the amount of surface roughness for varied customer preference. Surface roughness of CFRP is important in post-production processes including coating, priming, and painting. This project seeks to determine the effects of three release materials and two temperature ramp rates on the surface finish of CFRP. The release materials used were Tooltech, FEP, and Frekote 770-NC. The two initial temperature ramp rates were 1°F/min and 2°F/min. Surface roughness was measured using a profilometer and analyzed using Ra ...


Investigation Of The Effects Of Cladding Layers On Longitudinal And Transverse Mechanical Properties In Composite Laminates, Rachel Potratz, Tiffany Foo, Joseph Kamlet 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Investigation Of The Effects Of Cladding Layers On Longitudinal And Transverse Mechanical Properties In Composite Laminates, Rachel Potratz, Tiffany Foo, Joseph Kamlet

Materials Engineering

The addition of cladding layers to composite laminates is used in industry to improve bond adhesion and the ease of manufacturing. However, there is no public data on the effects of cladding layers on the mechanical properties of composite components. To directly observe how cladding layers affect mechanical properties, four laminates with zero, one, two, and three cladding layers of twill fabric were added symmetrically to a biased core. The mechanical testing performed was tensile, short beam strength, and compression testing in the longitudinal and transverse directions. The measured strengths were related to the longitudinal properties of the core, and ...


Evaluating The Effects Of Granulated Rubber And Glass Fibers In Polymer Concrete As A Structural Material For Wafer Grinding Machines, Kevin Gabriel Kuehn, Philip Randall Streeter 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Evaluating The Effects Of Granulated Rubber And Glass Fibers In Polymer Concrete As A Structural Material For Wafer Grinding Machines, Kevin Gabriel Kuehn, Philip Randall Streeter

Materials Engineering

Polymer concrete is a composite material used to replace cast iron and steel in wafer grinding machines for vibration damping. During the grinding and lapping processes of manufacturing silicon wafers, excessive vibrations may cause subsurface damage which requires additional polishing and reduces yield. Nine compositions containing various levels of granulated rubber and glass fibers were manufactured. CRM WRF-10 granulated rubber was examined at 0%, 5%, and 10% and Corning Cem-Fil glass fibers were added at 0%, 0.5%, and 1% by weight. Smooth-On EpoxAcast 690 epoxy resin was held constant at 16% for each composition. Crushed granite aggregate from Martin ...


Challenges And Signal Processing Of High Strain Rate Mechanical Testing, Barae Lamdini 2022 Mississippi State University

Challenges And Signal Processing Of High Strain Rate Mechanical Testing, Barae Lamdini

Theses and Dissertations

Dynamic testing provides valuable insight into the behavior of materials undergoing fast deformation. During Split-Hopkinson Pressure Bar testing, stress waves are measured using strain gauges as voltage variations that are usually very small. Therefore, an amplifier is required to amplify the data and analyze it. One of the few available amplifiers designed for this purpose is provided by Vishay Micro-Measurements which limits the user’s options when it comes to research or industry. Among the challenges of implementing the Hopkinson technology in the industry are the size and cost of the amplifier. In this work, we propose a novel design ...


Designing & Building A Microwave Plasma Reactor For Graphene Synthesis, Aviv Zohman, Jerry LaRue 2022 Chapman University

Designing & Building A Microwave Plasma Reactor For Graphene Synthesis, Aviv Zohman, Jerry Larue

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Graphene’s remarkable electrical, optical, and chemical properties make it a promising successor to indium tin oxide for applications in flexible, transparent electronics. However, efforts to manufacture graphene have been hindered by inefficient synthesis and transfer methods. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is commonly used to produce graphene. CVD starts with a blank surface onto which a chemical vapor is deposited to create a single graphene layer. CVD requires extreme temperatures, so only substrates with high melting points are applicable, like metals. This excludes insulative substrates such as polymers which are essential to transparent and flexible devices. Therefore, a subsequent process ...


Enhancing Stability Of High-Nickel Cathodes For Lithium-Ion Batteries Through Additive Manufacturing Of Cathode Structure, Matthew Sullivan 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Enhancing Stability Of High-Nickel Cathodes For Lithium-Ion Batteries Through Additive Manufacturing Of Cathode Structure, Matthew Sullivan

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are currently the best method to store electrical energy for use in portable electronics and electronic vehicles. New cathode materials for LIBs are consistently studied and researched, but few are as promising and attainable as nickel-rich transition metal oxides such as LiNi1-x-yMnxCoyO2 (NMC). NMC materials exist with many different mass ratios, but higher nickel content materials provide higher energy density. With this increase in capacity comes a sacrifice with cyclability, as high-nickel NMC variants are prone to structure collapse, transition metal dissolution, and cracks due to volume change. In this report, mechanical modification of the electrode by ...


Additive Manufacturing Of Variable Contrast Computed Tomography Anatomical Phantoms Using A Single Feedstock In Fused Filament Fabrication, Cory J. Darling 2022 University of New Orleans

Additive Manufacturing Of Variable Contrast Computed Tomography Anatomical Phantoms Using A Single Feedstock In Fused Filament Fabrication, Cory J. Darling

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Anatomical phantoms used in biomedical education and training benefit greatly from Fused filament fabrication’s (FFF) ability to rapidly produce complex and unique models. Current materials and methods used in FFF have limited ability to accurately produce phantoms that can mimic the radiological properties of multiple biological tissues. This research demonstrates that the CT contrast of FFF produced models can be modified by varying the concentration of bismuth oxide in acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) filaments and a tunable CT contrast that mimics the CT contrast ranging from fatty tissue to cortical bone using a single composite filament without introducing artificial ...


Sustainable Composites From Agricultural And Petroleum Waste, Menisha S. Karunarathna 2022 Clemson University

Sustainable Composites From Agricultural And Petroleum Waste, Menisha S. Karunarathna

All Dissertations

Green gas emission has been a pervasive and persistent subject of debate for a prolonged period. The soaring number of industries and vehicle fuel emissions presage a concomitant rise in global CO2 emissions. Global cement production is responsible for 8% of the total CO2 release, yet, the production continues due to the surging demand. Hence, there is an ongoing quest to find alternatives for cement and building materials produced with zero to lower CO2 emissions. The work presented in this dissertation focuses on finding recyclable, zero CO2 gas-producing high sulfur biocomposites materials, which can compete with ...


Characterization And Modeling Of H- Primary Stripper Foils For The Spallation Neutron Source, Leo Vernon Saturday III 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Characterization And Modeling Of H- Primary Stripper Foils For The Spallation Neutron Source, Leo Vernon Saturday Iii

Doctoral Dissertations

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is currently preparing for a Proton Power Upgrade project that will increase the operating power of the beamline. Due to this increase in power, a major concern is whether the current stripper foils will be able to withstand the higher power beam. Here, we analyze the current nanocrystalline diamond as well as microcrystalline diamond stripper foils in order to assess their ability to withstand the higher power beamline. In this work we assess the samples’ room temperature thermal conductivity, as well as other material constants, develop a method for in situ analysis of stripper foil ...


Optimizing Aqueous Processing Of Nickel-Rich Cathode Material In Ultra-Thick Lithium-Ion Batteries, Alexander J. Kukay 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Optimizing Aqueous Processing Of Nickel-Rich Cathode Material In Ultra-Thick Lithium-Ion Batteries, Alexander J. Kukay

Doctoral Dissertations

Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have been an instrumental technology since their commercialization in the 1990s. Although much progress has been made in terms of cost and efficiency of production, several challenges remain. Notably, as LIB technology continues to be applied to the transportation sector for electrified mobility in the form of electric vehicles, the question of production ethics and environmental sustainability becomes paramount. The aim of this dissertation is to address some of these concerns in the form of cathode processing techniques. This dissertation focuses on optimization of aqueous processing applied to cathode active materials. First, a study demonstrating the feasibility ...


Detection And Identification Of Disturbances By Spectral Analysis Of Structure-Borne Noise During The Production Of A Sealing Seam, Felix Kruppa, Lars Meisenbach, Berend Oberdorfer Dr.-Ing., Bernd Wilke Prof. Dr.-Ing. 2022 Robert Bosch GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany and Dresden University of Technology, Chair of Processing Machines/Processing Technology, Dresden, Germany

Detection And Identification Of Disturbances By Spectral Analysis Of Structure-Borne Noise During The Production Of A Sealing Seam, Felix Kruppa, Lars Meisenbach, Berend Oberdorfer Dr.-Ing., Bernd Wilke Prof. Dr.-Ing.

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

When sealing, disturbances or errors can occur that impair the quality of the sealing seam and, in the worst case, lead to leaks. It is therefore important to identify and eliminate defective packages during production and to minimize the elimination by readjusting machine parameters. The aim of this article is the clear identification of seam quality problems on a vertical forming, filling and sealing machine SVE2520 by evaluating process parameters during the manufacturing process. For this purpose, the structure-borne noise is measured for each seal in order to identify not-usual curves. These not-usual curves are related to different disturbances or ...


Detection Of Trace Heavy Metals In Water: Development Of Electrochemical Sensors, Quang Lam, Joel Mututeke 2022 Kennesaw State University

Detection Of Trace Heavy Metals In Water: Development Of Electrochemical Sensors, Quang Lam, Joel Mututeke

Symposium of Student Scholars

The presence of heavy metals in our ecosystem poses significant ecological and physiological consequences. As a result, numerous techniques are developed for the detection of contaminants in aqueous solutions. However, early and trace detection of such contaminants still remains a challenge. Amongst many techniques, electrochemistry driven sensors have shown promise due to their possibility of miniaturization and low-cost. Our research investigates the use of electrically conducting polymer and atomically thin carbon materials as electrodes towards the development of electrochemical sensor. Nanocomposite electrode films have been synthesized and fabricated using in-situ polymerization technique and the relationship between number of cycles of ...


Development Of Cost-Effective High-Modulus Asphalt Concrete (Hmac) Mixtures Using Crumb Rubber And Local Construction Materials In Louisiana., Ibrahim A.I.E Elnaml 2022 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Development Of Cost-Effective High-Modulus Asphalt Concrete (Hmac) Mixtures Using Crumb Rubber And Local Construction Materials In Louisiana., Ibrahim A.I.E Elnaml

LSU Master's Theses

One of the emerging solutions to enhance the durability of asphalt pavements is the use of a French asphalt mix known as “High-Modulus Asphalt Concrete (HMAC).” This mix uses a hard asphalt binder, high binder content (about 6%), and low air voids content as compared to Superpave mixtures. The key objective of this study was to develop a cost-effective HMAC mixture using crumb rubber and local materials in Louisiana. To achieve this objective, four HMAC mixtures were prepared using two asphalt binders (PG 82-22 and PG 76-22 plus 10% crumb rubber) and two Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) contents (20% and ...


Design And Fabrication Of Nanostructured Electrodes For Complementary Electrochemical And Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting, Kholoud El Sayed Abousalem 2022 The American University in Cairo AUC

Design And Fabrication Of Nanostructured Electrodes For Complementary Electrochemical And Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting, Kholoud El Sayed Abousalem

Theses and Dissertations

Designing highly active, durable, and nonprecious electrodes for overall water splitting is of urgent scientific importance to realize sustainable hydrogen production. Accordingly, the need to search efficient energy production systems is of crucial necessity. In this thesis, two various systems for sustainable hydrogen production have been reported using electrochemical and photoelectrochemical pathways. In the first part of the thesis, electrochemical water splitting involving both hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) has been established. To this end, an innovative approach is demonstrated to synthesize flower-like 3D homogenous trimetallic Mn, Ni, Co phosphide catalysts directly on nickel foam via ...


Microscale Transverse Compression Modeling: A Comparative Study Of The Analytical Mac/Gmc Methods To Experimental Results, Emily Zeitunian 2022 Michigan Technological University

Microscale Transverse Compression Modeling: A Comparative Study Of The Analytical Mac/Gmc Methods To Experimental Results, Emily Zeitunian

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Composite materials require a multi-scale approach to fully understand its behavior. At the micro level, material behavior analysis is conducted most often using numerical or analytical approaches. These models, however, require validation from experimental data to ensure material predictions are accurate. This study compares a semi-analytical micromechanical analysis tool, MAC/GMC, to experimental results of in-situ microscale transverse compression testing conducted at AFRL facilities. Effective properties, stress-strain curves, stress and strain fields, and damage predictions are compared with experimental outputs. Both generalized method of cells (GMC) and high-fidelity generalized method of cells (HFGMC) theories implemented within MAC/GMC show results ...


Pitch-Based Carbon Fiber Derived From Coal Extract Liquids, Cierra Danielle Crowe 2022 University of Kentucky

Pitch-Based Carbon Fiber Derived From Coal Extract Liquids, Cierra Danielle Crowe

Theses and Dissertations--Chemical and Materials Engineering

Limited coal coking operations and the use of coal-tar pitch as a binding agent in the production of metallurgical anodes has led to a limited availability of coal tar pitch for carbon fiber products. This has sparked interest in utilizing non-metallurgical coal-based liquids as an alternative to traditional coal tar from metcoke operations. This can be achieved by low severity solvent extraction, with heavy aromatic solvents, to produce coal liquids that act as precursor to pitch-based carbon fiber. This thesis aims to establish the processing and determine the impact of utilizing coal liquids to produce carbon fiber. In this work ...


Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Analysis Of Corrosion Of Reinforcing Steel In Fly Ash Mortar By Means Of Transmission Line Modeling, Padraig Stack 2022 The University of Akron

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Analysis Of Corrosion Of Reinforcing Steel In Fly Ash Mortar By Means Of Transmission Line Modeling, Padraig Stack

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is an important non-destructive tool that allows for a deeper understanding of the electrochemical processes and mechanisms occurring in an electrochemical cell. Equivalent electrical circuits (EECs) are used to model the impedance data into electrical components, such as resistors and capacitors, on a circuit. Current potentiostat offers software packages that can analyze the frequency response, but the software only supports “simple” EEC that can be written as fixed electrical components in some combination of series and parallel. Park and Macdonald propose a transmission line model (TLM) that does not use lumped-element models, instead, the values of ...


Analysis And Comparison Of Nir Pigments For "Cool" Coating Applications, Karey Steinmetz 2022 The University of Akron

Analysis And Comparison Of Nir Pigments For "Cool" Coating Applications, Karey Steinmetz

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The goal of this research is to compare our own formulation of near infrared radiation (NIR) pigment coating to commercialized ones. These near infrared coatings are designed to be used on roofs of buildings to keep the buildings from absorbing the heat from the sun’s radiation. This would keep the building cooler and use less energy and money to cool the building. In this study, Styrofoam was used to build a lab-scale house and were put under heat lamps that mimicked the sun. Temperatures were taken at three different locations to determine the effectiveness of the pigmented coatings. Color ...


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