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Seeing The Big Picture: System Architecture Trends In Endoscopy And Led-Based Hyperspectral Subsystem Intergration, Craig M. Browning 2022 University of South Alabama

Seeing The Big Picture: System Architecture Trends In Endoscopy And Led-Based Hyperspectral Subsystem Intergration, Craig M. Browning

Theses and Dissertations

Early-stage colorectal lesions remain difficult to detect. Early development of neoplasia tends to be small (less than 10 mm) and flat and difficult to distinguish from surrounding mucosa. Additionally, optical diagnosis of neoplasia as benign or malignant is problematic. Low rates of detection of these lesions allow for continued growth in the colorectum and increased risk of cancer formation. Therefore, it is crucial to detect neoplasia and other non-neoplastic lesions to determine risk and guide future treatment. Technology for detection needs to enhance contrast of subtle tissue differences in the colorectum and track multiple biomarkers simultaneously. This work implements one …


Design, Fabrication, And Characterization Of Conjugated Polymeric Electrochemical Memristors As Neuromorphic/Integrated Circuits, Benjamin Grant 2022 Clemson University

Design, Fabrication, And Characterization Of Conjugated Polymeric Electrochemical Memristors As Neuromorphic/Integrated Circuits, Benjamin Grant

All Dissertations

Organic materials are promising candidates for future electronic devices compared to the complementing inorganic materials due to their ease of processability, use, and disposal, low cost of fabrication, energy efficiency, and flexible nature toward implementation as flexible and non-conformal devices.With that in mind, electrochemical materials have been widely demonstrated with commercial use as sensors, displays, and a variety of other electronic devices. As Moore's law predicts the increase in the density of transistors on a chip, the requirement to create either smaller transistors or the replacement of the transistor device entirely is apparent. Memory resistors, coined ``memristor", are variable resistive …


Enhancing The Performance Of Poly(3-Hexylthiophene) Based Organic Thin-Film Transistors Using An Interface Engineering Method, Eyob Negussie Tarekegn 2022 Clemson University

Enhancing The Performance Of Poly(3-Hexylthiophene) Based Organic Thin-Film Transistors Using An Interface Engineering Method, Eyob Negussie Tarekegn

All Dissertations

An original design and photolithographic fabrication process for poly(3-hexylthiophene-2, 5-diyl) (P3HT) based organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) is presented. The structure of the transistors was based on the bottom gate bottom contact OTFT. The fabrication process was efficient, cost-effective, and relatively straightforward to implement. Current–voltage (I-V) measurements were performed to characterize the primary electronic properties of the transistors. The measured mobility of these transistors was significantly higher than most results reported in the literature for other similar bottom gate bottom contact P3HT OTFTs. The higher mobility is explained primarily by the effectiveness of the fabrication process in keeping the interfacial layers …


A Study On Early Age Properties Of Concrete For Precast And 3d Printing, Debalina Ghosh 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Study On Early Age Properties Of Concrete For Precast And 3d Printing, Debalina Ghosh

Doctoral Dissertations

Concrete is the second-most consumed material, leading the global Portland cement production of 4.1 billion tons in 2020 and 5-8% of global Carbon dioxide (CO2) emission annually. As with any other material and practice, the construction industry is also ever-changing to meet market demand, evolving technology, and resource limitation. In the case of concrete construction, one of the main concerns is the lack of automation. In the last few decades, some new construction methods have risen to address this concern. Some of these economic and successful practices are precast construction, self-compacting concrete (SCC), and 3D printing of concrete(3DPC). …


Wet Chemical Synthesis And Properties Of Argyrodite Sulfide Solid Electrolytes For Solid State Lithium Batteries., William R. Arnold 2022 University of Louisville

Wet Chemical Synthesis And Properties Of Argyrodite Sulfide Solid Electrolytes For Solid State Lithium Batteries., William R. Arnold

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The commercialization of the lithium-ion battery (LIB) in 1991 was responsible for the explosion in portable electronic technologies that has been seen over the past 30 years. With the advent of electric vehicles and other high-powered technologies, there is tremendous demand for LIBs with higher energy density and high safety. To achieve this, new electrode materials must be explored. The obvious choice of anode material would be pure metal lithium, which has a theoretical specific capacity of 3860 mAh g-1 . Unfortunately, metal lithium anodes have not been widely commercialized due to their tendency to react violently with the …


Hierarchical Structure And Material Integration For Electrocatalytic Co2 Reduction, Hamed Mehrabi 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Hierarchical Structure And Material Integration For Electrocatalytic Co2 Reduction, Hamed Mehrabi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

CO2 released by the combustion of fossil fuels is driving significant changes to the earth’sclimate. The natural cycle for removing CO2 from the atmosphere, namely photosynthesis, cannot keep up with the rate at which it is being added. Developing engineering approaches to remove CO2 from the atmosphere is becoming essential to reduce these effects. Removal leads to further issues of carbon sequestration and favorable CO2 reuse strategies, including the electrochemical transformation of recovered CO2 to useful products such as fuels and materials. Copper is an important electrocatalyst for the CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR) because of its unique capability for producing …


Effects Of Polymer Side-Group Size On Interfacial Mechanics Of Graphene-Polymer Nanocomposites, Grace Brokaw 2022 Clemson University

Effects Of Polymer Side-Group Size On Interfacial Mechanics Of Graphene-Polymer Nanocomposites, Grace Brokaw

All Theses

Graphene-reinforced polymer nanocomposites possess excellent mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties, which make them promising candidates for various applications. Favorable interfacial interactions and mechanics between graphene sheets and polymer matrices are often essential to achieve superior mechanical properties. Nevertheless, it remains largely elusive how molecular features of polymer systems, particularly the side-group size of polymer chains, affect the interfacial mechanics between graphene sheets and polymer matrices, primarily due to challenges in well controlling these features in experiments. On the other hand, exploring their roles in the mechanical properties of graphene-polymer nanocomposites is very expensive to study with all-atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) …


Iron Phosphate Glass For The Immobilization Of Dehalogenated Salt Waste, Matthew Aaron Page 2022 Clemson University

Iron Phosphate Glass For The Immobilization Of Dehalogenated Salt Waste, Matthew Aaron Page

All Theses

Electrochemical reprocessing can be used to recycle presently stored nuclear fuel and consists of dissolving that used fuel in molten salt and the waste produced from these processes is a small amount of a high-level salt waste. Vitrification has been selected as the primary means of safely disposing high and low level radioactive waste. This is due to glass’ ability to incorporate many elements within its matrix, and it is chemically durable with the addition of network formers and other glass forming chemicals. With over 90,000 tonnes of nuclear waste in the United States, the avoidance of additional steps required …


An Application Of Optimized Bistable Laminates As A Low Velocity, Low Impact Mechanical Deterrent, Graham Lancaster 2022 Clemson University

An Application Of Optimized Bistable Laminates As A Low Velocity, Low Impact Mechanical Deterrent, Graham Lancaster

All Theses

This research considers the problem of using bistable laminates as a mechanical deterrent to the impending impact of a particle. The structure will be controlled through an algorithm that will utilize piezoelectric devices to activate them in unison with the bistable laminate to successfully deter. A novel experimental setup will be constructed to ensure that the bistable laminate stays fixed when acting as a mechanical deterrent. Piezoelectricity is the main driving force of the bistable laminate to morph and this study will use a Macro Fiber Composite (MFC) actuator that contains piezoelectric ceramic rods in a patch to transfer electrical …


Thermal Atomic Layer Etching Of Mos2 Using Mof6 And H2O, Jake Soares, Anil U. Mane, Devika Choudhury, Steven Letourneau, Steven M. Hues, Jeffrey W. Elam, Elton Graugnard 2022 Boise State University

Thermal Atomic Layer Etching Of Mos2 Using Mof6 And H2O, Jake Soares, Anil U. Mane, Devika Choudhury, Steven Letourneau, Steven M. Hues, Jeffrey W. Elam, Elton Graugnard

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Two-dimensional (2D) layered materials offer unique properties that make them attractive for continued scaling in electronic and optoelectronic device applications. Successful integration of 2D materials into semiconductor manufacturing requires high-volume and high-precision processes for deposition and etching. Several promising large-scale deposition approaches have been reported for a range of 2D materials, but fewer studies have reported removal processes. Thermal atomic layer etching (ALE) is a scalable processing technique that offers precise control over isotropic material removal. In this work, we report a thermal ALE process for molybdenum disulfide (MoS2). We show that MoF6 can be used as …


Iron Nanoparticles For Magnetic Imaging Applications, Aleia Williams 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Iron Nanoparticles For Magnetic Imaging Applications, Aleia Williams

Masters Theses

Extensive research on iron oxide nanoparticles for various applications including nanomedicine, energy applications, environmental remediation, and magnetic imaging have previously been performed. Many are currently FDA approved as magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents and tracers for magnetic particle imaging applications. Magnetic properties of such materials are crucial to obtain good contrast and resolution. However, studies have shown the magnetic properties of iron oxide nanoparticles are less in comparison to those found in pure iron nanoparticle.

This research involves the synthesis and characterization of iron nanoparticles for applications in magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents, magnetic particle imaging tracers, and therapeutic agents …


Optimized 3d-Printing Of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polyether-Ether-Ketone (Cfr-Peek) For Use In Overmolded Lattice Composite, Ryan C. Ogle 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Optimized 3d-Printing Of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polyether-Ether-Ketone (Cfr-Peek) For Use In Overmolded Lattice Composite, Ryan C. Ogle

Masters Theses

Current orthopedic implants are overwhelmingly composed from metallic materials. These implants show superior mechanical properties, but this can additionally result in stress shielding due to a modulus mismatch between the bone tissue and implanted device. Polymeric implants reduce this stress shielding effect but have much lower mechanical properties, limiting their use. Polylactic acid (PLA) is a widely used biodegradable thermoplastic polymer, however, its use has been limited by the polymer’s mechanical properties and rapid loss of strength during degradation in vivo. Polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) is another common biocompatible polymer , with chemical and mechanical properties which make it a popular alternative …


Heteroepitaxy Of Gasb On Gaas (111)A For Electron Transport Studies, Madison Drake 2022 Boise State University

Heteroepitaxy Of Gasb On Gaas (111)A For Electron Transport Studies, Madison Drake

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

III-V semiconductors grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) on (111) surfaces have some interesting electronic properties. For certain materials with a (111)-orientation, the Γ- and L-valleys are reasonably close in energy. This means that it may be possible to take advantage of electron conduction in the L- and Γ-valleys at the same time, allowing us to overcome the so-called “density-of-states bottleneck,” and enable transistors with large drive currents.1 We have investigated this phenomenon in GaSb- and InAs-based 2D electron gases for which the electron effective masses are low.

However, growth of materials with a (111) orientation is typically more …


Deep Learning Of Microstructures, Amir Abbas Kazemzadeh Farizhandi 2022 Boise State University

Deep Learning Of Microstructures, Amir Abbas Kazemzadeh Farizhandi

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

The internal structure of materials also called the microstructure plays a critical role in the properties and performance of materials. The chemical element composition is one of the most critical factors in changing the structure of materials. However, the chemical composition alone is not the determining factor, and a change in the production process can also significantly alter the materials' structure. Therefore, many efforts have been made to discover and improve production methods to optimize the functional properties of materials. The most critical challenge in finding materials with enhanced properties is to understand and define the salient features of the …


Nucleation And Growth Of Molybdenum Disulfide Grown By Thermal Atomic Layer Deposition On Metal Oxides, Jake Soares, Steven Letourneau, Matthew Lawson, Yu Lu, Yaqiao Wu, Steven M. Hues, Lan Li, Elton Graugnard 2022 Boise State University

Nucleation And Growth Of Molybdenum Disulfide Grown By Thermal Atomic Layer Deposition On Metal Oxides, Jake Soares, Steven Letourneau, Matthew Lawson, Yu Lu, Yaqiao Wu, Steven M. Hues, Lan Li, Elton Graugnard

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

To enable greater control over thermal atomic layer deposition (ALD) of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), here we report studies of the reactions of molybdenum hexafluoride (MoF6) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) with metal oxide substrates from nucleation to few-layer films. In situ quartz crystal microbalance experiments performed at 150, 200, and 250 °C revealed temperature-dependent nucleation behavior of the MoF6 precursor, which is attributed to variations in surface hydroxyl concentration with temperature. In situ Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy coupled with ex situ x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) indicated the presence of molybdenum oxide and molybdenum oxyfluoride …


The Living Breakwaters Pdr Efforts Econcrete Resource Analysis, Guianina Ferrari, Shervon Stephens, Calvin O. Walters Jr. 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology

The Living Breakwaters Pdr Efforts Econcrete Resource Analysis, Guianina Ferrari, Shervon Stephens, Calvin O. Walters Jr.

Publications and Research

On October 29, 2012, Superstorm Sandy impacted 443,000 people and caused nearly $19 billion (about $58 per person in the US) worth of damage within New York City. As part of the New York City infrastructure reparation plan, the Living Breakwaters project in Tottenville addressed coastal resilience, allocating $100M of public funds to a series of artificial breakwaters by the southwest coast of Staten Island. Each breakwater is constructed and designed to mitigate water flow in storm events. ECOncrete, a primary element of the breakwater, is a specialty cast cementitious product that is marine organism-friendly that encourages biocalcification and photosynthesis. …


Low-Cost, Low-Weight Test Rig Design For A Laboratory-Scale Twin Rotor Wind Turbine, Ahmed Ayoub, Ahmed Elzeedy, Mahmoud Elkordy, Eslam Ayad, Mohamed Waleed, Amira Elkodama, Amr Ismaiel 2022 Future University in Egypt

Low-Cost, Low-Weight Test Rig Design For A Laboratory-Scale Twin Rotor Wind Turbine, Ahmed Ayoub, Ahmed Elzeedy, Mahmoud Elkordy, Eslam Ayad, Mohamed Waleed, Amira Elkodama, Amr Ismaiel

Future Engineering Journal

Multi-Rotor Wind Turbine (MRWT) has been proven advantageous over Single-Rotor Wind Turbine (SRWT) in many aspects. In order to study the performance of MRWT over SRWT, this work presents a low-cost and low-weight design for a test rig for laboratory-scale wind turbine configurations. The configurations under study are a single-rotor, and a twin-rotor of the same size with a diameter of 30 cm. Aerodynamic loads have been calculated using the Blade Element Momentum (BEM) method, then the loads were used for stress analysis over the test rig proposed. The test rig is designed on Solidworks and the aerodynamic and inertial …


Near-Ir Laser Ablation Of Simulated Radiologically Contaminated Oxides On Carbon Steel Feeder Pipes, Thao Viet Do 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Near-Ir Laser Ablation Of Simulated Radiologically Contaminated Oxides On Carbon Steel Feeder Pipes, Thao Viet Do

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

As nuclear power plants age and retire from service, many countries face significant challenges concerning the safe long-term storage and disposal of large volumes of low and intermediate level radioactive wastes (L&ILW). The volumes of metallic waste are of particular concern, as when metal corrodes it produces hydrogen that could lead to pressure build-up in interim storage and disposal. In Canada, a significant fraction of the metallic wastes for Canada Deuterium Uranium (CANDU) nuclear reactors are out-of-core reactor components, such as carbon steel (CS) feeder pipes. The radioactive contamination is expected to be largely confined to the surface oxide layers …


Recent Progress In Two Dimensional Mxenes For Photocatalysis: A Critical Review, Tahir Haneef, Kashif Rasool, Jibran Iqbal, Rab Nawaz, Muhammad Raza Ul Mustafa, Khaled A Mahmoud, Tapati Sarkar, Asif Shahzad 2022 University of Alabama in Huntsville

Recent Progress In Two Dimensional Mxenes For Photocatalysis: A Critical Review, Tahir Haneef, Kashif Rasool, Jibran Iqbal, Rab Nawaz, Muhammad Raza Ul Mustafa, Khaled A Mahmoud, Tapati Sarkar, Asif Shahzad

All Works

Transition metal carbides and nitrides, generally known as MXenes have emerged as an alternative to improve photocatalytic performance in renewable energy and environmental remediation applications because of their high surface area, tunable chemistry, and easily adjustable elemental compositions. MXenes have many interlayer groups, surface group operations, and a flexible layer spacing that makes them ideal catalysts. Over 30 different members of the MXenes family have been explored and successfully utilized as catalysts. Particularly, MXenes have achieved success as a photocatalyst for carbon dioxide reduction, nitrogen fixation, hydrogen evolution, and photochemical degradation. The structure of MXenes and the presence of hydrophilic …


Multi-Electron Reaction-Boosted High Energy Density Batteries: Material And System Innovation, Rui-Qi Guo, Feng Wu, Xin-Ran Wang, Ying Bai, Chuan Wu 2022 2. Yangtze Delta Region Academy of Beijing Institute of Technology Jiaxing 314019, China

Multi-Electron Reaction-Boosted High Energy Density Batteries: Material And System Innovation, Rui-Qi Guo, Feng Wu, Xin-Ran Wang, Ying Bai, Chuan Wu

Journal of Electrochemistry

The continuous development of the global energy structure transformation has put forward higher demands upon the development of batteries. The improvements of the energy density have become one of the important indicators and hot topic for novel secondary batteries. The energy density of existing lithium-ion battery has encountered a bottleneck due to the limitations of material and systems. Herein, this paper introduces the concept and development of multi-electron reaction materials over the past twenty years. Guided by the multi-electron reaction, light weight electrode and multi-ion effect, current development strategies and future trends of high-energy-density batteries are highlighted from the perspective …


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