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Device Free Indoor Localization Of Human Target Using Wifi Fingerprinting, Prasanga Neupane 2022 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Device Free Indoor Localization Of Human Target Using Wifi Fingerprinting, Prasanga Neupane

LSU Master's Theses

Indoor localization of human objects has many important applications nowadays. Proposed here is a new device free approach where all the transceiver devices are fixed in an indoor environment so that the human target doesn't need to carry any transceiver device with them. This work proposes radio-frequency fingerprinting for the localization of human targets which makes this even more convenient as radio-frequency wireless signals can be easily acquired using an existing wireless network in an indoor environment. This work explores different avenues for optimal and effective placement of transmitter devices for better localization. In this work, an experimental environment is …


Detection Of Data Over Wireless Mobile Channels Based On Maximum Likelihood Technique, Mohd Israil 2022 Department of Physics, Swami Vivekanand Subharti University, Meerut, India

Detection Of Data Over Wireless Mobile Channels Based On Maximum Likelihood Technique, Mohd Israil

Al-Bahir Journal for Engineering and Pure Sciences

Next generation wireless systems are characterized by very high transmission bit rates which gives rise to severe Intersymbol interference (ISI) and this makes the detection process very challenging. Hence, assessment of performance of near-optimal detectors like Near Maximum Likelihood Detectors (NMLD) over such channels assumes great importance. This paper deals with the detection of data in the presence of Noise and ISI with NMLD. Performance improvement of NMLD, as compared to nonlinear equalization, has been assessed in terms of BER versus SNR curves obtained through computer simulation. A number of different cases of mobile radio channels have been simulated in …


Hardware Security For Wireless Communications Systems Using Antenna-Based Radio Frequency Fingerprint Engineering, Noemi Miguelez Gomez 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Hardware Security For Wireless Communications Systems Using Antenna-Based Radio Frequency Fingerprint Engineering, Noemi Miguelez Gomez

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

The design and application of novel physical-layer security techniques have been increasing in the last decades as means to enhance the security that more traditional techniques provide to wireless communications systems. Well-known hardware security techniques, such as radio frequency fingerprinting, use unintended manufacturing process variations and unique hardware structures in the semiconductors for applications such as identification and classification of the source of different transmitted signals, and detection of hardware modifications. The uniqueness of the features that two different modules present, even maintaining the same design, can be used for modules characterization at a lower cost and complexity than other …


A Design Flow For Additively Manufactured 3d Metasurface Antennas​, Justin Parkhurst 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

A Design Flow For Additively Manufactured 3d Metasurface Antennas​, Justin Parkhurst

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

Metasurface (MTS) antennas are complex arrays consisting of hundreds or thousands of individual elements that each exert their own influence on the performance of the antenna. Due to this, the process of designing and developing a MTS antenna can be intensive in terms of both the time to understand the how these antennas operate and time running calculations that achieve optimal performance. Through the use of automation for geometry creation in ANSYS HFSS, the work involved in making a MTS antenna can be greatly simplified. The overall objective of this thesis is to reduce the burden of constructing a MTS …


Evaluating Large Delay Estimation Techniques For Assisted Living Environments, Swarnadeep Bagchi, Ruairí de Fréin 2022 Technological University Dublin

Evaluating Large Delay Estimation Techniques For Assisted Living Environments, Swarnadeep Bagchi, Ruairí De Fréin

Articles

Abstract Phase wraparound due to large inter-sensor spacings in multi-channel demixing limits the range of relative delays that many time–frequency relative delay estimators can estimate. The performance of a large relative delay estimation method, called the elevatogram, is evaluated in the presence of significant phase wraparound. This paper compares the elevatogram with the popular relative delay estimator used in DUET and the brute-force approach in D-AdRess and analyses its computational efficiency. The elevatogram can accurately estimate relative delays of speech signals of up to 800 samples, whereas DUET and D-AdRess were limited to delays of 7 and 35 samples, given …


Studying Routing Issues In Vanets Using Ns-3 And Sumo, Mohammad Mahmoud Abdellatif, Omar E. Aly 2022 The British University in Egypt

Studying Routing Issues In Vanets Using Ns-3 And Sumo, Mohammad Mahmoud Abdellatif, Omar E. Aly

Electrical Engineering

ehicular Ad-hoc Networks VANETs are normally sparse, highly dense, and highly mobile with many different and ever-changing topologies. These characteristics impose a challenge on finding a routing algorithm that fits the requirements of such network. The aim of this work is to study the performance issues of VANETs under different scenarios using realistic mobility models. In this paper, a comparative study is done among Ad-hoc On- Demand Distance Vector (AODV), Optimized Link State Routing (OLSR) and position-based routing protocols, namely Greedy Perimeter stateless routing (GPSR), and Max duration Min angle GPSR (MMGPSR). The comparison is done using key quality of …


An Empirical Comparison Of The Security And Performance Characteristics Of Topology Formation Algorithms For Bitcoin Networks, Muntadher Sallal, Ruairí de Fréin, Ali Malik, Benjamin Aziz 2022 University of Bournemouth

An Empirical Comparison Of The Security And Performance Characteristics Of Topology Formation Algorithms For Bitcoin Networks, Muntadher Sallal, Ruairí De Fréin, Ali Malik, Benjamin Aziz

Articles

There is an increasing demand for digital crypto-currencies to be more secure and robust to meet the following business requirements: (1) low transaction fees and (2) the privacy of users. Nowadays, Bitcoin is gaining traction and wide adoption. Many well-known businesses have begun accepting bitcoins as a means of making financial payments. However, the susceptibility of Bitcoin networks to information propagation delay, increases the vulnerability to attack of the Bitcoin network, and decreases its throughput performance. This paper introduces and critically analyses new network clustering methods, named Locality Based Clustering (LBC), Ping Time Based Approach (PTBC), Super Node Based Clustering …


Development Of A Security-Focused Multi-Channel Communication Protocol And Associated Quality Of Secure Service (Qoss) Metrics, Paul M. Simon 2022 Air Force Institute of Technology

Development Of A Security-Focused Multi-Channel Communication Protocol And Associated Quality Of Secure Service (Qoss) Metrics, Paul M. Simon

Theses and Dissertations

The threat of eavesdropping, and the challenge of recognizing and correcting for corrupted or suppressed information in communication systems is a consistent challenge. Effectively managing protection mechanisms requires an ability to accurately gauge the likelihood or severity of a threat, and adapt the security features available in a system to mitigate the threat. This research focuses on the design and development of a security-focused communication protocol at the session-layer based on a re-prioritized communication architecture model and associated metrics. From a probabilistic model that considers data leakage and data corruption as surrogates for breaches of confidentiality and integrity, a set …


Resource Allocation, User Association And Placement For Uav-Assisted Communications, Shuai Zhang 2022 New Jersey Institute of Technology

Resource Allocation, User Association And Placement For Uav-Assisted Communications, Shuai Zhang

Dissertations

In the past few years, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-assisted heterogeneous network has attracted significant attention due to its wide range of applications, such as disaster rescue and recovery, ground macro base station (MBS) traffic offloading, communications for temporary events, and data collection for further processing in Internet of Things (IoT). A UAV can act as a flying base station (BS) to quickly recover the communication coverage in the disaster area when the regular terrestrial infrastructure is malfunctioned. The UAV-assisted heterogeneous network can effectively provision line of sight (LoS) communication links and therefore can mitigate potential signal shadowing and blockage. The …


Efficient Discovery And Utilization Of Radio Information In Ultra-Dense Heterogeneous 3d Wireless Networks, Mattaka Gamage Samantha Sriyananda 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Efficient Discovery And Utilization Of Radio Information In Ultra-Dense Heterogeneous 3d Wireless Networks, Mattaka Gamage Samantha Sriyananda

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Emergence of new applications, industrial automation and the explosive boost of smart concepts have led to an environment with rapidly increasing device densification and service diversification. This revolutionary upward trend has led the upcoming 6th-Generation (6G) and beyond communication systems to be globally available communication, computing and intelligent systems seamlessly connecting devices, services and infrastructure facilities. In this kind of environment, scarcity of radio resources would be upshot to an unimaginably high level compelling them to be very efficiently utilized. In this case, timely action is taken to deviate from approximate site-specific 2-Dimensional (2D) network concepts in radio resource utilization …


Low Cost And Reliable Wireless Sensor Networks For Environmental Monitoring, Sonia Naderi 2022 University of Maine

Low Cost And Reliable Wireless Sensor Networks For Environmental Monitoring, Sonia Naderi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis utilizes wireless sensor network systems to learn of changes in wireless network performance and environment, establishing power efficient systems that are low cost and are able to perform large scale monitoring. The proposed system was built at the University of Maine’s Wireless Sensor Networks (WiSe-Net) laboratory in collaboration with University of New Hampshire and University of Vermont researchers. The system was configured to perform soil moisture measurement with provision to include other sensor types at later stages in collaboration with Alabama A & M University. In the research associated with this thesis, a general relay energy assisted scenario …


Introduction To Pub/Sub Systems Using Opcua, Mete Isiksalan 2022 Western University

Introduction To Pub/Sub Systems Using Opcua, Mete Isiksalan

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The purpose of the project was to learn and implement the fundamental basics of OPCUA system architecture using pub/sub systems. The system allows the users to create multiple different publishers and subscribers while accessing data from a local server and a primary HTTP server. The system is designed to be a multi-client and multi-server system to simulate real-life scenarios while having two different sources of generated values to send via sockets in OPCUA protocols, multiple different APIs were used for the clients on how they retrieve data as well.


Effective Resource Scheduling For Collaborative Computing In Edge-Assisted Internet Of Things Systems, Qianqian Wang 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Effective Resource Scheduling For Collaborative Computing In Edge-Assisted Internet Of Things Systems, Qianqian Wang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Along with rapidly evolving communications technologies and data analytics, Internet of Things (IoT) systems interconnect billions of smart devices to gather, exchange, analyze data, and perform tasks autonomously, which poses a huge pressure on IoT devices' computing capabilities. Taking advantage of collaborative computing enabled by cloud computing and edge computing technologies, IoT devices can offload computation tasks to idle computing devices and remote servers, thus alleviating their pressure. However, scheduling resources effectively to realize collaborative computing remains a severe challenge due to diverse application objectives, limited distributed resources, and unpredictable environments. To overcome the above challenges, this thesis aims to …


Reduced Fuel Emissions Through Connected Vehicles And Truck Platooning, Paul D. Brummitt 2022 East Tennessee State University

Reduced Fuel Emissions Through Connected Vehicles And Truck Platooning, Paul D. Brummitt

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) and vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication enable the sharing, in real time, of vehicular locations and speeds with other vehicles, traffic signals, and traffic control centers. This shared information can help traffic to better traverse intersections, road segments, and congested neighborhoods, thereby reducing travel times, increasing driver safety, generating data for traffic planning, and reducing vehicular pollution. This study, which focuses on vehicular pollution, used an analysis of data from NREL, BTS, and the EPA to determine that the widespread use of V2V-based truck platooning—the convoying of trucks in close proximity to one another so as to reduce air drag …


A Memory-Centric Customizable Domain-Specific Fpga Overlay For Accelerating Machine Learning Applications, Atiyehsadat Panahi 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Memory-Centric Customizable Domain-Specific Fpga Overlay For Accelerating Machine Learning Applications, Atiyehsadat Panahi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Low latency inferencing is of paramount importance to a wide range of real time and userfacing Machine Learning (ML) applications. Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) offer unique advantages in delivering low latency as well as energy efficient accelertors for low latency inferencing. Unfortunately, creating machine learning accelerators in FPGAs is not easy, requiring the use of vendor specific CAD tools and low level digital and hardware microarchitecture design knowledge that the majority of ML researchers do not possess. The continued refinement of High Level Synthesis (HLS) tools can reduce but not eliminate the need for hardware-specific design knowledge. The designs …


Algorithm Optimization And Hardware Acceleration For Machine Learning Applications On Low-Energy Systems, Jianchi Sun 2022 Clemson University

Algorithm Optimization And Hardware Acceleration For Machine Learning Applications On Low-Energy Systems, Jianchi Sun

All Dissertations

Machine learning (ML) has been extensively employed for strategy optimization, decision making, data classification, etc. While ML shows great triumph in its application field, the increasing complexity of the learning models introduces neoteric challenges to the ML system designs. On the one hand, the applications of ML on resource-restricted terminals, like mobile computing and IoT devices, are prevented by the high computational complexity and memory requirement. On the other hand, the massive parameter quantity for the modern ML models appends extra demands on the system's I/O speed and memory size. This dissertation investigates feasible solutions for those challenges with software-hardware …


Snap : A Software-Defined & Named-Data Oriented Publish-Subscribe Framework For Emerging Wireless Application Systems, Manveen Kaur 2022 Clemson University

Snap : A Software-Defined & Named-Data Oriented Publish-Subscribe Framework For Emerging Wireless Application Systems, Manveen Kaur

All Dissertations

The evolution of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) has given rise to an emergent class of CPSs defined by ad-hoc wireless connectivity, mobility, and resource constraints in computation, memory, communications, and battery power. These systems are expected to fulfill essential roles in critical infrastructure sectors. Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network (VANET) and a swarm of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV swarm) are examples of such systems. The significant utility of these systems, coupled with their economic viability, is a crucial indicator of their anticipated growth in the future. Typically, the tasks assigned to these systems have strict Quality-of-Service (QoS) requirements and require sensing, perception, and …


Glaciernet2: A Hybrid Multi-Model Learning Architecture For Alpine Glacier Mapping, Zhiyuan Xie, Umesh K. Haritashya, Vijayan K. Asari, Michael P. Bishop, Jeffrey S. Kargel, Theus Aspiras 2022 University of Dayton

Glaciernet2: A Hybrid Multi-Model Learning Architecture For Alpine Glacier Mapping, Zhiyuan Xie, Umesh K. Haritashya, Vijayan K. Asari, Michael P. Bishop, Jeffrey S. Kargel, Theus Aspiras

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

In recent decades, climate change has significantly affected glacier dynamics, resulting in mass loss and an increased risk of glacier-related hazards including supraglacial and proglacial lake development, as well as catastrophic outburst flooding. Rapidly changing conditions dictate the need for continuous and detailed ob-servations and analysis of climate-glacier dynamics. Thematic and quantitative information regarding glacier geometry is fundamental for understanding climate forcing and the sensitivity of glaciers to climate change, however, accurately mapping debris-cover glaciers (DCGs) is notoriously difficult based upon the use of spectral information and conventional machine-learning techniques. The objective of this research is to improve upon an …


Towards A Low-Cost Solution For Gait Analysis Using Millimeter Wave Sensor And Machine Learning, Mubarak A. Alanazi, Abdullah K. Alhazmi, Osama Alsattam, Kara Gnau, Meghan Brown, Shannon Thiel, Kurt Jackson, Vamsy P. Chodavarapu 2022 University of Dayton

Towards A Low-Cost Solution For Gait Analysis Using Millimeter Wave Sensor And Machine Learning, Mubarak A. Alanazi, Abdullah K. Alhazmi, Osama Alsattam, Kara Gnau, Meghan Brown, Shannon Thiel, Kurt Jackson, Vamsy P. Chodavarapu

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Human Activity Recognition (HAR) that includes gait analysis may be useful for various rehabilitation and telemonitoring applications. Current gait analysis methods, such as wearables or cameras, have privacy and operational constraints, especially when used with older adults. Millimeter-Wave (MMW) radar is a promising solution for gait applications because of its low-cost, better privacy, and resilience to ambient light and climate conditions. This paper presents a novel human gait analysis method that combines the micro-Doppler spectrogram and skeletal pose estimation using MMW radar for HAR. In our approach, we used the Texas Instruments IWR6843ISK-ODS MMW radar to obtain the micro-Doppler spectrogram …


An Evaluation Of Wi-Fi 802.11b Backscatter, Anthony Chen 2022 Clemson University

An Evaluation Of Wi-Fi 802.11b Backscatter, Anthony Chen

All Theses

Internet of Things (IoT) devices are in need of low-power communications systems with longevity and reliability. With the use of backscatter technology, IoT devices can communicate at the cost of almost no power and can last for up to a decade. Furthermore, backscatter technology is compatible with everyday wireless signals such as Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, allowing for easy communication without specific hardware constraints. This thesis aims to evaluate a Wi-Fi backscatter system and analyze its ease in triggering off of such ambient signals and sources. The system will utilize Wi-Fi 802.11b as a backscatter source to trigger the backscatter system …


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