Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Archaeological Anthropology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

7844 Full-Text Articles 2808 Authors 406415 Downloads 109 Institutions

All Articles in Archaeological Anthropology

Faceted Search

7844 full-text articles. Page 7 of 85.

The Bridge River Dogs: Interpreting Adna And Stable Isotope Analysis Collected From Dog Remains, Emilia Tifental 2016 University of Montana

The Bridge River Dogs: Interpreting Adna And Stable Isotope Analysis Collected From Dog Remains, Emilia Tifental

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Excavations at the Bridge River site have been on-going since 2003, increasing our understanding of the communities that inhabited the Middle Fraser Canyon, British Columbia over 1,000 years ago. The most recent excavation at Housepit 54 in the summer of 2014 supplied further data regarding relationships between people and their dogs. Dogs are well documented in the Middle Fraser Canyon through both archaeological excavations and traditional knowledge. A household's possession of a dog has been linked to other prestigious materials, and therefore been interpreted as an indicator of wealth and status. The present study was aimed at further ...


Oregon Tribal Historic Preservation Offices: The Problems And Challenges Of Starting And Maintaining A Thpo, Karly R. Law 2016 University of Montana

Oregon Tribal Historic Preservation Offices: The Problems And Challenges Of Starting And Maintaining A Thpo, Karly R. Law

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

As of December 31, 2015, of the 567 federally recognized tribes, 167 have established a THPO (at the time of this writing) that is recognized by the National Park Service (NPS). To manage a federally recognized THPO, a tribe must officially enter into agreements with the National Park Service on behalf of the Secretary of the Interior. There are a total of nine federally recognized tribes in Oregon, of which six have a federally recognized THPO. Two of the Oregon THPO’s were interviewed: The Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde Indian Community and the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe ...


Dogs Are Expensive: Cost-Benefit Perspectives On Canid Ownership At Housepit 54, Bridge River, British Columbia, Ben B. Chiewphasa 2016 University of Montana

Dogs Are Expensive: Cost-Benefit Perspectives On Canid Ownership At Housepit 54, Bridge River, British Columbia, Ben B. Chiewphasa

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

The presence of dogs in the Housepit 54 (HP 54) faunal assemblage of the Bridge River site (EeRl4) raises questions regarding their roles within Canadian Plateau prehistory, specifically their contributions to networked household economies. Ethnohistoric sources often cite dogs as “jacks of all trades,” household entities that can act as beasts of burden, hunters, prized companions, or as a husbanded food resource. The 2012-2014 field seasons yielded variation in dog frequencies throughout 10 superimposed floors (IIj-IIa); these fluctuations occurred alongside changing densities of ungulates and salmon remains. The thesis incorporates multivariate analyses to determine how dogs could have allowed HP ...


The Western Stemmed Point Tradition: Evolutionary Perspectives On Cultural Change In Projectile Points During The Pleistocene-Holocene Transition, Lindsay D. Scott 2016 University of Montana, Missoula

The Western Stemmed Point Tradition: Evolutionary Perspectives On Cultural Change In Projectile Points During The Pleistocene-Holocene Transition, Lindsay D. Scott

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

In this thesis I analyze the cultural techniques of Paleoindians in North America by examining the diversification and fusion of stemmed projectile point traditions using an evolutionary analysis. The Western Stemmed Point tradition has an extensive regional and temporal distribution throughout the Intermountain West and High Plains during the Paleoindian period. In an effort to determine how stemmed projectile point technologies relate to each other, I applied a phylogenetic approach to construct heritable patterns of projectile point histories. By measuring the physical traits of those points and using a macro-evolutionary theoretical approach, changes in artifact form can be acquired and ...


Knife River Flint Distribution And Identification In Montana, Laura Evilsizer 2016 University of Montana

Knife River Flint Distribution And Identification In Montana, Laura Evilsizer

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

An examination of the spatial, temporal, and functional distribution of Knife River flint in Montana, and a study in misidentification of Knife River flint in archaeological assemblages. Lithic sourcing has the potential to provide a plethora of information to archaeologists: resource procurement strategies, mobility patterns, trade networks, and the preferencing of particular lithic material types. However, without proper identification it is impossible to study the distribution of lithic materials from their source. Knife River flint, a brown chalcedony, is a particularly fascinating material, geologically occurring in a small area, but culturally distributed over a large area. I analyze the distribution ...


Class Iii Archaeological Survey Report: Madison Buffalo Jump State Park, Gallatin County, Montana, Brandon J. Bachman 2016 The University Of Montana

Class Iii Archaeological Survey Report: Madison Buffalo Jump State Park, Gallatin County, Montana, Brandon J. Bachman

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Through a cooperative agreement between the University of Montana (UM) Department of Anthropology and Montana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks, the University of Montana, between 17 May and 1 June 2014, conducted an archaeological inventory of the 640-acre Madison Buffalo Jump State Park. Douglas Macdonald, Ph.D. and Sara Scott, Ph.D. managed the project for each institution, respectively. Copious amounts of artifacts and features alike were recorded at Madison Buffalo Jump during the survey, including: 1) 3-4 drive lines used in the funneling of bison to jump locations; 2) bison bone concentrations below the kill/nick point on the face ...


Bioarchaeological Investigations Of Nineteenth-Century African American Burials At The Pioneer Cemetery (41bo202) In Brazoria, Texas, Aaron R. Norment, Jeremy W. Pye, Cory J. Broehm, Douglas K. Boyd 2016 Stephen F. Austin State University

Bioarchaeological Investigations Of Nineteenth-Century African American Burials At The Pioneer Cemetery (41bo202) In Brazoria, Texas, Aaron R. Norment, Jeremy W. Pye, Cory J. Broehm, Douglas K. Boyd

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

A search for unmarked graves in the state-owned right of way and underneath the pavement of State Highway 332 resulted in the discovery and archeological excavation of 11 unmarked graves associated with Pioneer Cemetery, an African American burial ground in Brazoria, Texas. Prewitt and Associates, Inc., conducted the fieldwork for the Texas Department of Transportation’s Archeological Studies Program. Between 2008 and 2012, the 11 unmarked graves were discovered, exhumed, analyzed, and then reinterred in Pioneer Cemetery in September 2012. This report describes the bioarcheological investigations of those burials along with 3 other unmarked burials that were previously exhumed and ...


Early Copper Smelting In The Lake Superior Region:A Case Study Of The Isle Royale And Ohio Mining Company, 1846-1852, Adrian Blake 2016 Michigan Technological University

Early Copper Smelting In The Lake Superior Region:A Case Study Of The Isle Royale And Ohio Mining Company, 1846-1852, Adrian Blake

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The lodes of native copper found in the Lake Superior region presented new opportunities for investors and miners alike. Making these opportunities pay required the unique challenges presented by the region’s remoteness and unique geological formations to be overcome. A primary way in which these newly emerging companies overcame these challenges was through successful vertical integration of the copper refining industries. Smelting came to the region early, but met with little success as the workers first needed to retool their skills and experiences to the demands of the region’s mineral deposits. In 1848 the Isle Royale and Ohio ...


Bioarchaeological Implications Of Calcaneal Spurs In The Medieval Nubian Population Of Kulubnarti, Lindsay Marker 2016 University of Colorado, Boulder

Bioarchaeological Implications Of Calcaneal Spurs In The Medieval Nubian Population Of Kulubnarti, Lindsay Marker

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study investigates the relationship in frequency and demographics of calcaneal enthesophytes between the medieval Nubian population of Kulubnarti and modern-day Western societies in order to elucidate any influence that environment and activity may exert on the formation of heel spurs. This investigation also examines the possible difference in activity patterns between the cemeteries and sexes of individuals at Kulubnarti using bioarchaeological analyses of calcaneal pathology. Numerous hypotheses have been put forth by scholars as to the origin of heel spurs, yet a specific cause remains unclear. The leading theories cite microtrauma and degenerative disease as developmental culprits for plantar ...


Raiders From The North: Irish Enslavement During The Viking Age, Athena T. Knudson 2016 University of Colorado Boulder

Raiders From The North: Irish Enslavement During The Viking Age, Athena T. Knudson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the Early and High Middle Ages the Vikings began to travel and raid across Europe and the Atlantic. During these expeditions the Vikings captured many people whom they enslaved or sold into the slave-trade. For the western portion of the Viking Expansion, many of the enslaved were Irish. The enslavement of the Irish by the Norse continued through the end of the Viking Age and occurred not only in the British Isles but also in Iceland. The process of the Viking Expansion and enslavement of the Irish influenced Norse culture and social identity. This thesis will explore the Norse ...


Isotopic Anthropology Of Rural German Medieval Diet: Intra- And Inter-Population Variability, Karyn C. Olsen, Christine D. White, Fred J. Longstaffe, Frank J. Rühli, Christina Warinner, Domingo S. Salazar-Garcia 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Isotopic Anthropology Of Rural German Medieval Diet: Intra- And Inter-Population Variability, Karyn C. Olsen, Christine D. White, Fred J. Longstaffe, Frank J. Rühli, Christina Warinner, Domingo S. Salazar-Garcia

Earth Sciences Publications

This study investigates the diet of an 11th century CE parish community located in northwestern Germany. We assessed the isotopic compositions of human (n = 24) and faunal (n = 17) bone collagen (δ13Ccol, δ15Ncol) and human structural carbonate (δ13Csc) using skeletal material recovered from the Dalheim cemetery. Traditional interpretation of the isotopic data indicates that Dalheim residents likely relied on a C3 plant-based diet and consumed some terrestrial animal products without evidence of marine resource input in the diet. Bivariate and multivariate models used as an additional means to assess diet ...


Are Petroglyphs Markers For Frontier Boundaries Or Directional To Raw Material Resources?, Howard R. Feldman, Philip Charles Laporta Jr., Talia J. Belowich 2016 Touro College

Are Petroglyphs Markers For Frontier Boundaries Or Directional To Raw Material Resources?, Howard R. Feldman, Philip Charles Laporta Jr., Talia J. Belowich

Lander College for Women - The Anna Ruth and Mark Hasten School Publications and Research

The Shawangunk, NY region is known for rich mineral resources: anomalous concentrations of quartz crystals; native silver; silver, copper and zinc sulfides; and minimal quantities of native gold. The Shawangunks also host Native American petroglyphs carved into local bedrock. Although the Shawangunks are rich in metallic ores and semiprecious minerals, the entire range is sorely deficient in chert and other raw materials used for prehistoric subsistence. Despite the lack of raw materials for subsistence needs, archaeological tools found in the area are strikingly similar in raw-material type, as well as general morphology, to quarry-extraction tools discovered in the adjacent Wallkill ...


Table Of Contents, 2016 The University of Maine

Table Of Contents

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Editor's Preface Andean Past 12, Monica Barnes 2016 American Museum of Natural History

Editor's Preface Andean Past 12, Monica Barnes

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Obsidian Procurement And Cosmopolitanism At The Middle Horizon Settlement Of Conchopata, Peru, Richard L. Burger, Catherine M. Bencic, Michael D. Glascock 2016 Yale University

Obsidian Procurement And Cosmopolitanism At The Middle Horizon Settlement Of Conchopata, Peru, Richard L. Burger, Catherine M. Bencic, Michael D. Glascock

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Health At The Edge Of The Wari Empire: An Analysis Of Skeletal Remains From Hatun Cotuyoc, Huaro, Peru, Sara L. Juengst, Maeve Skidmore 2016 Appalachian State University

Health At The Edge Of The Wari Empire: An Analysis Of Skeletal Remains From Hatun Cotuyoc, Huaro, Peru, Sara L. Juengst, Maeve Skidmore

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Demographic Analysis Of A Looted Late Intermediate Period Tomb, Chincha Valley, Peru, Camille Weinberg, Benjamin T. Nigra, Maria Cecilia Lozada, Charles S. Stanish, Henry Tantalean, Jacob Bongers, Terra Jones 2016 The University of Texas at Austin

Demographic Analysis Of A Looted Late Intermediate Period Tomb, Chincha Valley, Peru, Camille Weinberg, Benjamin T. Nigra, Maria Cecilia Lozada, Charles S. Stanish, Henry Tantalean, Jacob Bongers, Terra Jones

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Characteristics And Significance Of Tapia Walls And The Mochica Presence At Santa Rosa De Pucala In The Mid-Lambayeque Valley, Edgar Bracamonte 2016 Museo Tumbes Reales de Sipan

Characteristics And Significance Of Tapia Walls And The Mochica Presence At Santa Rosa De Pucala In The Mid-Lambayeque Valley, Edgar Bracamonte

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Addresses Of Authors (Articles And Obituaries), 2016 The University of Maine

Addresses Of Authors (Articles And Obituaries)

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Research Reports Andean Past 12, David Chicoine, Beverly Clement, Kyle Stitch, Catherine M. Bencic, Alejandro Chu, Monica Barnes, Simon Urbina, Leonor Adan, Constanza Pellegrino, Estefania Vidal, Alina Álvarez Larrain 2016 Louisiana State University

Research Reports Andean Past 12, David Chicoine, Beverly Clement, Kyle Stitch, Catherine M. Bencic, Alejandro Chu, Monica Barnes, Simon Urbina, Leonor Adan, Constanza Pellegrino, Estefania Vidal, Alina Álvarez Larrain

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress