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Δ13c And Δ18o Isotopic Analysis Of A Platygonus Compressus Tusk, Kurt M. Wilson 2016 Iowa State University

Δ13c And Δ18o Isotopic Analysis Of A Platygonus Compressus Tusk, Kurt M. Wilson

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Stable-isotope analysis of Platygonus compressus remains from Peccary Cave, AR documents previously unknown dietary and seasonal information on flat-headed peccary. P. compressus diet knowledge currently derives from dental wear analyses with no isotopic data. New δ13C data obtained from 14C dated specimens reveals a C3 focused diet, despite dental adaptations allowing for omnivorous and mixed plant-life feeding. Combined with other indicators, δ13C enables improved recreation of peccary habitat adaptations in the late Pleistocene. Serial sampling of a P. compressus tusk for δ13C and δ18O further evidences a C3 diet and documents seasonal shifts in δ18O. Abrupt δ18O shifts between samples ...


Sablefish (Anoplopoma Fimbria) Scarcity And Zooarchaeological Data Quality In Northwest Coast Archaeological Sites, Reno Nims 2016 Portland State University

Sablefish (Anoplopoma Fimbria) Scarcity And Zooarchaeological Data Quality In Northwest Coast Archaeological Sites, Reno Nims

Dissertations and Theses

Sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria) is a scarcely represented species in Northwest Coast archaeology, but its remains are abundant at Tse-whit-zen, a large, Lower Elwha Klallam village in modern Port Angeles, WA that was occupied over the past 2,800 years. Because sablefish flesh has high nutritional value and it can be easily captured from nearshore waters in its juvenile form, sablefish should have been pursued where it was available. Therefore, the scarcity of sablefish in many Northwest Coast archaeological sites could indicate this species was not abundant in past fisheries. However, current zooarchaeological reports do not contain sufficient information on taphonomic ...


Integrative 3d Recording Methods Of Historic Architecture: Burg Hohenecken From Southwest Germany, Aaron C. Pattee 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Integrative 3d Recording Methods Of Historic Architecture: Burg Hohenecken From Southwest Germany, Aaron C. Pattee

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

This research explores the methodology and application of photogrammetric and laser-scanning recording methods to a castle ruin, with the primary purpose of digitally preserving the castle. Both methods generated interactive 3D models via the combination of still images (photogrammetry) and precise laser measurements (laser-scanning), which were then combined into a single model. The case study is the medieval castle ruin Burg Hohenecken located in the city of Kaiserslautern in southwest Germany. The castle was active from 1212-1689, as one of over fifty castles within the region of the Pfalz. The inhabitants included the noble von Hoheneck family and various Prince ...


The Hetzel-Hunter Quarry: A Case Study In The Use Of Photogrammetry To Reevaluate Previously Excavated Sites, Catherine G. Kinsley 2016 Longwood University

The Hetzel-Hunter Quarry: A Case Study In The Use Of Photogrammetry To Reevaluate Previously Excavated Sites, Catherine G. Kinsley

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Archaeology is constantly evolving and as new technologies develop it becomes possible to examine sites in ways that were previously unknown. Photogrammetry, a still-developing technology, has the potential to become an invaluable tool that can provide new information when applied to sites that were excavated more than 50 years ago. The Hetzel-Hunter quarry in Clifton, Virginia is a prehistoric soapstone quarry that was originally excavated in 1894 by the Bureau for American Ethnography. By using photogrammetry to produce a 3D map of the site that details aspects ranging from the general shape of the quarry to the grooves in the ...


Fort St. Joseph Archaeological Project: 2015 Field Season, John Cardinal, Erika Loveland 2016 Western Michigan University

Fort St. Joseph Archaeological Project: 2015 Field Season, John Cardinal, Erika Loveland

Research and Creative Activities Poster Day

Our current research design is oriented toward identifying evidence of eighteenth-century activities in the vicinity of Fort St. Joseph and collecting architectural data to understand the building styles and construction techniques at the site. Excavations have identified eighteenth-century artifacts throughout the Niles vicinity, although most of the archaeological materials contemporaneous with the fort have been found adjacent to a series of fireplaces uncovered since 2002.

Six 1 x 2 meter units were opened this field season in locations where we expected to intercept walls in order to ascertain the size, orientation, construction methods, and contents of the buildings associated with ...


Information From Non-Contextual Artifacts: An In-Depth Examination Of The Donated Lamar And Mary Fowler Holcomb Collection, Danielle Carmody 2016 Georgia State University

Information From Non-Contextual Artifacts: An In-Depth Examination Of The Donated Lamar And Mary Fowler Holcomb Collection, Danielle Carmody

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Karst Topography And Sacred Places: A Comprehensive Approach To Understanding The Maya Landscape With Applied Gis, John Edward Sabin 6946816 2016 Georgia State University

Karst Topography And Sacred Places: A Comprehensive Approach To Understanding The Maya Landscape With Applied Gis, John Edward Sabin 6946816

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Pre Clovis At Topper (38al23): The Role Of Human Versus Natural Agency In The Formation Of Lithic Deposits From A Pleistocene Terrace In The American Southeast, Douglas Allen Sain 2016 Selected Works

Pre Clovis At Topper (38al23): The Role Of Human Versus Natural Agency In The Formation Of Lithic Deposits From A Pleistocene Terrace In The American Southeast, Douglas Allen Sain

Douglas Allen Sain

No abstract provided.


The Archaeology Of Appetites, Molly S. Schonert 2016 University of North Carolina at Charlotte

The Archaeology Of Appetites, Molly S. Schonert

SEWSA 2016 Intersectionality in the New Millennium: An Assessment of Culture, Power, and Society

Through use of examining how food is produced, stored, distributed and consumed, one can take a glimpse into the past, present and even future of this planet–to better understand the complexity of human identity and the social practices or roles that define an individual, community or society. So this begins an exploration of the archaeology of food as a gendered commodity throughout our evolutionary past, emphasizing the infinite ways in which foodway practices exceeds the nutritional value of what our ancestors, family, friends and ourselves consume(d) on a daily basis. Foodways practices is an invaluable tool in any ...


Issue 68, Spring 2016, Society of Bead Researchers 2016 Syracuse University

Issue 68, Spring 2016, Society Of Bead Researchers

The Bead Forum: Newsletter of the Society of Bead Researchers

Beaded Breastplates from Scandinavia, by Alice Scherer. • Bead ID: With a Little Help From My Friends, by Karlis Karklins. • Course cum Workshop on History, Science, and Technology of Stone Beads in India, 2015, by Alok Kumar Kanungo, Mudit Trivedi, and S. Madan.


Fort St. Joseph Post - Spring 2016, Michael S. Nassaney 2016 Western Michigan University

Fort St. Joseph Post - Spring 2016, Michael S. Nassaney

Fort St. Joseph Archaeological Project

We hope you enjoy this issue of the Fort St. Joseph Post, filled with information about current activities that are being conducted under the auspices of the Fort St. Joseph Archaeological Project, a partnership between the City of Niles and Western Michigan University. As you can see, students, staff, faculty, and volunteers are busy investigating, interpreting, and promoting the archaeology of Fort St. Joseph, one of the most important French colonial sites in the western Great Lakes region. We are regularly present at professional conferences, community events, and other venues sharing information about the fort and inviting the public to ...


Past Meets Future: Combining Gis, 3d Technologies, And Legacy Data To Reanalyze Ceramics At Copan, Honduras, Stephanie Sterling, Heather Richards-Rissetto, René Viel 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Past Meets Future: Combining Gis, 3d Technologies, And Legacy Data To Reanalyze Ceramics At Copan, Honduras, Stephanie Sterling, Heather Richards-Rissetto, René Viel

UCARE Research Products

The archaeological site of Copán—a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Honduras—was a primary center for cultural and economic exchange in the Maya world from the fifth to ninth centuries. Our research investigates the sociopolitical climate of the city immediately preceding this collapse. This poster presents the results of a pilot study intended to evaluate the potential of using a combination of digital technologies and legacy data to reanalyze a subset of diagnostic ceramics from select sites outside of Copan’s urban core. Our methods involved:

(1) Applying photogrammetry to generate 3D models for approximately 30 potentially temporally-diagnostic ceramic ...


Usda-Unl Artifacts Roadshow: The Development Of A 2d Archive Of Great Plains Projectile Points, Maia Behrendt 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Usda-Unl Artifacts Roadshow: The Development Of A 2d Archive Of Great Plains Projectile Points, Maia Behrendt

UCARE Research Products

The Archaeological Survey is primarily concentrated through Federal and State lands. Nebraska like much of the Great Plains is overwhelmingly privately owned. As a consequence less than 1% of the state has been subject to professional survey. Private land owners, however, know of many archaeological sites that have not been documented. Engagement with the public about sites and about collected artifacts thus has the potential to greatly increase knowledge of the past.

Over the past three years the University of Nebraska and the USDA Forest Service have conducted “Artifacts Roadshows” to talk with land owners about private artifact collections. These ...


Sacred Grounds And Profane Plantations: The Spiritual Landscapes Of Barbados, Myles Sullivan 2016 College of William and Mary

Sacred Grounds And Profane Plantations: The Spiritual Landscapes Of Barbados, Myles Sullivan

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Between the seventeenth and nineteenth century, the transatlantic slave trade brought approximately twelve million Africans to the New World, where many labored on plantations in colonial societies including Barbados, a Caribbean island colonized by the British. Despite the traumatic horrors of the Middle Passage, West-African materials and ideas survived and were transformed during this massive diaspora into new cultural contexts. West African-based spiritual beliefs and practices have been recorded in the Caribbean under various names like Obeah and Vodou, but these traditions were documented by colonial whites who often misinterpreted the practices they encountered. My honors project takes an alternative ...


Merging Social And Natural Histories At Kiskiak: A Historical Ecology Study, Leanna Grace Richmond 2016 College of William and Mary

Merging Social And Natural Histories At Kiskiak: A Historical Ecology Study, Leanna Grace Richmond

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The following paper details an analysis of archaeological materials recovered from a Native site in Tidewater Virginia. The project builds on and contributes to an ongoing effort to investigate the historical ecology of Virginia Algonquian communities who dwelled at Kiskiak, a town located along the York River that was once a political center in the Powhatan chiefdom. The primary goals of this research are twofold: to develop a tool for constructing chronology for the Kiskiak locale and to use this method as the basis for examining the interplay between settlement intensity and changing environmental conditions during the Woodland Period.


From Paleoclimate Variables To Prehistoric Agriculture: Using A Process-Based Agroecosystem Model To Simulate Prehistoric Agricultural Productivity, Daniel A. Contreras, Alberte Bondeau, Joël Guiot, Alan Kirman, Eneko Hiriart, Loup Bernard, Marianela Fader, Romain Suarez 2016 Stanford University

From Paleoclimate Variables To Prehistoric Agriculture: Using A Process-Based Agroecosystem Model To Simulate Prehistoric Agricultural Productivity, Daniel A. Contreras, Alberte Bondeau, Joël Guiot, Alan Kirman, Eneko Hiriart, Loup Bernard, Marianela Fader, Romain Suarez

Daniel A. Contreras


This paper explores the relationship between past climate and prehistoric Mediterranean agriculture by adapting a process-based dynamic vegetation model to estimate past agricultural productivity under climate scenarios that characterize the extremes of Mediterranean climate (warm/wet, cool/wet, warm/dry, and cool/dry) in the Holocene. We adapt LPJmL (the Lund- Potsdam-Jena-managed-landscape model, (cf. Bondeau et al. 2007)) to the modeling of past agricultural productivity. Calibrating this model for past crops and agricultural practices and using a combined downsampling and simulation approach to produce high spatiotemporal resolution paleoclimate data from a Mediterranean-wide Holocene climate reconstruction (Guiot & Kaniewski 2015), we simulate ...


Shakeup--Cultural Impacts Of Tectonic Activity In Ancient Complex Cultures, Eric R. Force 2016 University of Arizona

Shakeup--Cultural Impacts Of Tectonic Activity In Ancient Complex Cultures, Eric R. Force

Eric R Force

My purpose in mounting this entry in bepress is to make public the text and illustrations of two talks I have recently given on this subject, related in turn to my 2015 book with Lexington Press "Impact of tectonic activity on ancient civilizations."


Cv, Megan E. Springate 2016 University of Maryland - College Park

Cv, Megan E. Springate

Megan E. Springate

Curriculum Vitae April 2016


Incorporating Archaeology Into Local Government Historic Preservation And Planning: A Review Of Current Practice, Douglas Deur, Virginia L. Butler 2016 Portland State University

Incorporating Archaeology Into Local Government Historic Preservation And Planning: A Review Of Current Practice, Douglas Deur, Virginia L. Butler

Anthropology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Problem, research strategy, and findings: The fate of archaeological sites in cities, towns, and county jurisdictions are greatly affected by the decisions of local governments and planning departments, which usually operate with little formal guidance regarding archaeological site stewardship. What strategies do local governments use to effectively manage archaeological sites in their jurisdictions? Which ones work best? To address these questions, we carried out an exploratory study of mechanisms used by local government planners for archaeological resource protection in 24 states between 2008 and 2015, obtaining information from 69 local governments. We use questionnaires and interviews with local government staff ...


Anthrofest 2016, Antonia Diener, Megan Bridges, Eileen Wang, Zhenia Bemko, Benjamin Reynolds, Alexandria Mitchem, Ashley Terry, Ivana Kohut, Kelly Bridges 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Anthrofest 2016, Antonia Diener, Megan Bridges, Eileen Wang, Zhenia Bemko, Benjamin Reynolds, Alexandria Mitchem, Ashley Terry, Ivana Kohut, Kelly Bridges

Anthrofest

The University of Pennsylvania anthropology annual undergraduate research conference known as ANTHROFEST brings together undergraduates involved in research across all concentrations in anthropology, as well as faculty and the broader undergraduate and graduate community. Each year, select students present and discuss their original research to the community at Penn. The conference is open to the public.


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