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Archaeologically Defining The Earlier Garden Landscapes At Morven: Preliminary Results, Anne E. Yentsch, Naomi F. Miller, Barbara Paca, Dolores Piperno 2014 SUNY Buffalo State

Archaeologically Defining The Earlier Garden Landscapes At Morven: Preliminary Results, Anne E. Yentsch, Naomi F. Miller, Barbara Paca, Dolores Piperno

Northeast Historical Archaeology

The first phase of archaeology at Morven was designed to test the potential for further study of the early garden landscape at a ca. 1758 house in Princeton, New Jersey. The research included intensive botanical analysis using a variety of archaeobotanical framework. A study was also made of the garden's topography using map analysis combined with subsurface testing. Information on garden features related to the design of earlier garden surfaces suggests the ways in which the Stockton family manipulated their estate to convey a social image of the family to the local Princeton community. This, in turn, provides information ...


The Potential Applications Of Tooth Cement Increment Analysis In Historical Archaeology, David B. Landon 2014 SUNY Buffalo State

The Potential Applications Of Tooth Cement Increment Analysis In Historical Archaeology, David B. Landon

Northeast Historical Archaeology

The study of incremental structures in animal teeth is an analytical technique that is receiving increased attention from zooarchaeologists working in many parts of the world. The seasonal and annual cycles in the formation of tooth increments makes them ideal for determining the age of an animal when it was killed and the season of its death. This type of information can contribute significantly to interpretations of past animal husbandry practices. A sample of eight domestic animal teeth from the Wilkinson Backlot Site in dowtown Boston, Massachusetts, were studied in this fashion. Microscopic examination of the increment pattern of the ...


Skeletons In The Walls Of Old Québec, Jerome S. Cybulski 2014 SUNY Buffalo State

Skeletons In The Walls Of Old Québec, Jerome S. Cybulski

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Fifty human skeletons were discovered during a Canadian Parks Service project to repair the mid-18th-century fortification wall of Québec City. Laboratory analysis revealed 45 males, three or four females, and one child, a sex and age ratio virtually identical to that gleaned from diaries reporting the 1746-1747 deaths of Protestant Prisoners of war. Skulls and teeth showed a prevalence of Caucasoid traits. Long bones indicated statures taller than those documented for European-born contemporaries and more closely resembling those known for North American colonials. Dental health was poor throughout the series. Most men had lesions suggesting heavy loading stresses on the ...


Ceramics And The Sea Trade In Portsmouth, New Hampshire: 1765-1785, Aileen Button Agnew 2014 SUNY Buffalo State

Ceramics And The Sea Trade In Portsmouth, New Hampshire: 1765-1785, Aileen Button Agnew

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Portsmouth, New Hampshire, is a small seaport with a long history of maritime trade. The Deer Street archaeological projects in Portsmouth have provided extensive information on different stages of the city's past. The excavation of a small cellar, filled ca. 1785, yielded a wealth of artifacts dating to the period 1765-1785. More than 5000 ceramic artifacts were recovered, providing the basis for an examination of the connection between the sea trade and the personal possessions of the inhabitants.


The American Headquarters For The Battle Of Saratoga, David R. Starbuck 2014 SUNY Buffalo State

The American Headquarters For The Battle Of Saratoga, David R. Starbuck

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Two years of excavation have been conducted at the site of the American Headquarters for the Battle of Saratoga. Performed under the terms of a cooperative agreement between the National Park Service and Rensselar Polytechnic Institute, this survey effort has successfully located the foundation of the Ephraim Woodworth farmhouse, what appears to have been the Woodworth barn, a well that was behind the farmhouse, and a lengthy French drain that curved around the buildings on three sides. These features appear to be the only physical remains that have survived from the headquarters complex of General Horatio Gates, who occupied these ...


Anthrosols And The Analysis Of Archaeological Sites In A Plowed Context: The King's Reach Site, Dennis J. Pogue 2014 SUNY Buffalo State

Anthrosols And The Analysis Of Archaeological Sites In A Plowed Context: The King's Reach Site, Dennis J. Pogue

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Archaeologists working in the Chesapeake region have been particularly active in using plowzone-derived artifacts for interpreting historic-period sites. More recently, the analysis of patterns in certain plowzone soil chemicals has developed as a significant complementary source of data, and over the last decade several sites, have been subjected to that type of study. An analysis of the distribution of soil chemicals at the King's Reach site (ca. 1690-1715) is presented as a case study in the use of the method. The pertinent literature on the subject is reviewed, and the King's Reach data are compared with those from ...


From Pork To Mutton: A Zooarchaeological Perspective On Colonial New Amsterdam And Early New York City, Haskell J.. Greenfield 2014 SUNY Buffalo State

From Pork To Mutton: A Zooarchaeological Perspective On Colonial New Amsterdam And Early New York City, Haskell J.. Greenfield

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article analyzes the zooarchaeological remains from historical deposits to increase our understanding of the relationship between diet and ethnicity in early colonial New York City. Excavations at the Broad Financial Plaza recovered faunal remains documenting approximatley two centuries of historical occupation (middle 17th to the middle of the 19th century), a sequence rivaled by few other early colonial North American localities. Several trends are apparent in the data. Relative frequencies of pig remains declined while mutton and cattle increased correspondingly as New Amsterdam became the British colony of New York and as the Dutch residents on the block were ...


Pollen Record Formation Processes At The Isles Of Shoals: Botanical Records Of Human Behavior, Gerald K. Kelso, Faith Harrington 2014 SUNY Buffalo State

Pollen Record Formation Processes At The Isles Of Shoals: Botanical Records Of Human Behavior, Gerald K. Kelso, Faith Harrington

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Exploratory pollen analysis on Appledore Island at the Isles of Shoals, a group of nine islands located approximately eight miles off the coast of southern Maine and New Hampshire, indicates that pollen preservation is excellent in exposed island soil deposits in the temperate zone and that pollen percolation into deposits from surface preserves the record of natural and cultural events where dep cultural deposits have not developed. The Appledore pollen spectra registered the establishment of the resort hotel industry on the island in the mid-19th-century, the virtual abandonment of the island after a major fire in 1914, and the chestnut ...


Squeezing Ceramics For More Than Their Worth: Boundary Maintenance At An 18th-Century Port In New Jersey, Rebecca Yamin 2014 SUNY Buffalo State

Squeezing Ceramics For More Than Their Worth: Boundary Maintenance At An 18th-Century Port In New Jersey, Rebecca Yamin

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Archaeological excavations and associated documentary studies at Raritan Landing, an 18th/19th-century port site on the Raitan River in Piscataway, New Jersey, suggested that the relationship between this small community of traders and New York City merchants changed during the years preceding the Revolutionary War. Diminshing kinship, commercial, and institutional ties between the Raritan Landing traders and New York investors appeared to reflect increasing independence from New York domination over time. When the ceramics recovered from pre-Revolutionary and Revolutionary-period deposits were compared to deposits from several sites in Manhattan and another site within New York, a pattern emerged that has ...


Prospect Hill: Skeletal Remains From A 19th-Century Methodist Cemetery, Newmarket, Ontario, S. Pfeiffer, J. C. Dudar, S. Austin 2014 SUNY Buffalo State

Prospect Hill: Skeletal Remains From A 19th-Century Methodist Cemetery, Newmarket, Ontario, S. Pfeiffer, J. C. Dudar, S. Austin

Northeast Historical Archaeology

During 1989-90, in response to disruption caused by a building site excavation in Newmarket, Ontario, archaeological and biological information was salvaged from a former church cemetery dating from 1824 or 1827 to 1879. The skeletal remains of 77 indivaduals indicate a population with high infant mortality and little access to medical or dental care. Nevertheless, the autopsy of a young pregnant woman and one gold dental filling indicate there was an incipient interest in biomedical that mechanisms be available to allow the salvage of as much historical and biological information as possible.


Archaeological Excavations At Bon-Désir: Basque Presence In The St. Lawrence Estuary, Dominique Lalande 2014 SUNY Buffalo State

Archaeological Excavations At Bon-Désir: Basque Presence In The St. Lawrence Estuary, Dominique Lalande

Northeast Historical Archaeology

The archaeological fieldwork on the Anse à La Cave site at Bon-Désir uncovered remains associated with the exploitation of marine mammals in the St. Lawrence estuary. Excavations revealed the presence of two series of ovens used for rendering marine mammal fat. These preliminary data contribute to our understanding of sites based on the seasonal exploitation of whales in North America by European fishermen. The environmental, historical, and archaeological data support the hypothesis of a Basque occupation in the St. Lawrence estuary, particularly on the Anse à La Cave site from perhaps as early as the end of the 16th century ...


The Development Of Contact Period Archaeology In Southern New England And Long Island: From "Gee Whiz!" To "Say What?", Bert Salwen 2014 SUNY Buffalo State

The Development Of Contact Period Archaeology In Southern New England And Long Island: From "Gee Whiz!" To "Say What?", Bert Salwen

Northeast Historical Archaeology

It seems that contemporary archaeologists of the Contact Period continue a long tradition of uncritical acceptance of the written word as "God's truth," to be tested against or to inform the incomplete and necessarily biased archaeological record. When documentary history is available, have archaeologists really progessed so little- from excited discoveries of the antiquarians ("gee whiz") to mere confirmation of written accounts ("so what")? No. This paper argues that archaeologists, working as anthropologists and in conjunction with historians, have been producing new, more critical social analyses of the 17th-century culture contact situation in New England.


Editor's Introduction, Mary C. Beaudry 2014 SUNY Buffalo State

Editor's Introduction, Mary C. Beaudry

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Editor's introduction to the volume.


Confinement And Detention In Political And Social Archaeology, Adrian T. Myers, Gabriel Moshenska 2014 SelectedWorks

Confinement And Detention In Political And Social Archaeology, Adrian T. Myers, Gabriel Moshenska

Adrian T. Myers

No abstract provided.


Lithic Analysis Of The Jot-Em-Down Shelter (15mcy348) Collection: Settlement Patterns, Raw Material Utilization, And Shelter Activities Along The Cumberland Plateau, Mary M. White 2014 University of Kentucky

Lithic Analysis Of The Jot-Em-Down Shelter (15mcy348) Collection: Settlement Patterns, Raw Material Utilization, And Shelter Activities Along The Cumberland Plateau, Mary M. White

Theses and Dissertations--Anthropology

The Jot-em-Down Shelter (15McY348) was excavated by U.S. Forest Service archaeologists in 1986. The present study concentrated on the lithic assemblage, with a particular focus on the chipped stone debitage. The Jot-em-Down Shelter lithic assemblage was compared to assemblages recovered from four nearby sites, open sites 15McY570 and 15McY616, and rockshelter sites 15McY403 and 15McY409; and rockshelter sites located in and near the Red River Gorge, Cold Oak Shelter (15LE50) and Rock Bridge Shelter (15WO75). This study determined that Jot-em-Down Shelter was a multicomponent site utilized by mobile groups of people from the Early Archaic through Mississippi periods. Use ...


Animal Management Strategies During The Chalcolithic In The Lower Galilee: New Data From Marj Rabba, Max Price, Mike Buckley, Morag M. Kersel, Yorke M. Rowan 2014 DePaul University

Animal Management Strategies During The Chalcolithic In The Lower Galilee: New Data From Marj Rabba, Max Price, Mike Buckley, Morag M. Kersel, Yorke M. Rowan

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


Preserving Shell Island: A Plan For Cultural Resource Management And Site Stewardship, C. Morgan Gill 2014 Rollins College

Preserving Shell Island: A Plan For Cultural Resource Management And Site Stewardship, C. Morgan Gill

Honors Program Theses

Rollins College owns an island in the Wekiva River that is home to a shell midden mound created sometime between 5,000 and 7,000 years ago. The site—called Shell Island—is the largest Archaic habitation area in the Wekiva basin (Weisman 1993:20). Excavations by Rollins College in the 1970s and 1980s demonstrated the rich cultural heritage of the inhabitants. The presence of marine shell represents exchange connections with the Atlantic coast, a variety in pottery decoration could illustrate changes in style over time, and tools made in both stone and bone display their technical skill sets. Despite ...


Domestic Megalithc Architecture: An Analysis Of Status And Community At And Around The Ancient Maya Site Of Uci, Yucatan, Mexcio, Joseph S. Stair 2014 University of Kentucky

Domestic Megalithc Architecture: An Analysis Of Status And Community At And Around The Ancient Maya Site Of Uci, Yucatan, Mexcio, Joseph S. Stair

Theses and Dissertations--Anthropology

Variation in domestic architecture results from the agency households exercise in their daily lives. This study defines the domestic expression of the megalithic architectural style, based on data collected in and around the ancient Maya site of Ucí, Yucatan, Mexico, by comparing it to its expression in monumental structures. It also shows how the analysis and documentation of architectural variability away from the monumental core can locate more than just commoners and elites within the social organization of the Ancient Maya. This analyzes provides evidence for higher social status for households that possess megalithic architecture since they also possess larger ...


New Perspectives On The Chalcolithic Period In The Galilee: Investigations At The Site Of Marj Rabba, Yorke M. Rowan, Morag M. Kersel 2014 DePaul University

New Perspectives On The Chalcolithic Period In The Galilee: Investigations At The Site Of Marj Rabba, Yorke M. Rowan, Morag M. Kersel

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


Reconstructing 830 Simpson Avenue; An Archaeological Investigation Of Household Life Cycles In A 19th And 20th Century Working-Class Neighborhood, Arianna C. Elm 2014 Hamline University

Reconstructing 830 Simpson Avenue; An Archaeological Investigation Of Household Life Cycles In A 19th And 20th Century Working-Class Neighborhood, Arianna C. Elm

Departmental Honors Projects

The Simpson Avenue site is a household site dating to the 19th and 20th centuries. It is located on Hamline University’s current campus in the ‘backyard’ of the White House. The site was discovered during the fall of 2013 by the Excavating Hamline History class. While our original intention was to find a shed structure pictured on an 1886 plat map, we discovered a post-hole and an intact cultural deposit. A 2x1 meter test unit and six shovel tests were conducted on the property that determined site boundaries and the vertical and horizontal distribution of artifacts and features. The ...


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