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Finding Fort Fair Haven: Archaeological Investigations Of An 1862 Settlers' Fort, Jacob G. Dupre 2017 St. Cloud State Univeristy

Finding Fort Fair Haven: Archaeological Investigations Of An 1862 Settlers' Fort, Jacob G. Dupre

Culminating Projects in Cultural Resource Management

The goal of this thesis is twofold. The first step was to perform archaeological test excavations on the Fort Fair Haven site in order to confirm that we had, in fact, located the 1862 historical site of Fort Fair Haven. Once we successfully determined that it was indeed the fort, then the second step was to analyze these findings and use them in conjunction with archival research in order to better understand what kind of actual defensive function it could have provided. A specific way of doing this is to compare the civilian fort’s design with those of military ...


Distribution Of Knife Lake Siltstone And Associated Manufacturing Technologies Local To The Wendt Site Quarry, Daughter District, Lake County, Minnesota, Phillip R. Bauschard 2017 Saint Cloud State University

Distribution Of Knife Lake Siltstone And Associated Manufacturing Technologies Local To The Wendt Site Quarry, Daughter District, Lake County, Minnesota, Phillip R. Bauschard

Culminating Projects in Cultural Resource Management

The thesis herein seeks to test the effects of distance on the use of Knife Lake Siltstone (KLS) within local proximity to its primary outcrops in Northeastern Minnesota. Distance is used as a raw measure across which characteristics of KLS assemblages at distinct distances from the identified outcrops are discussed. It is theorized that the general presence of KLS material will decline over increased distance from the primary outcrops and that likewise technological organization at sites will reflect the increased distance from the primary outcrops. Through examination of site KLS assemblages which included cores, bifaces, unifaces, flake tools, debitage, end-scrapers ...


An Iterative 3d Gis Analysis Of The Role Of Visibility In Ancient Maya Landscapes: A Case Study From Copan, Honduras, Heather Richards-Rissetto 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

An Iterative 3d Gis Analysis Of The Role Of Visibility In Ancient Maya Landscapes: A Case Study From Copan, Honduras, Heather Richards-Rissetto

Anthropology Faculty Publications

For several decades, Geographic Information Systems (GISs) have held center stage in archaeological studies of ancient landscapes. Recently, three-dimensional (3D) technologies such as airborne LiDAR and aerial photogrammetry are allowing us to acquire inordinate amounts of georeferenced 3D data to locate, map, and visualize archaeological sites within their surrounding landscapes. GIS offers locational precision, data overlay, and complex spatial analysis. Three-dimensionality adds a ground-based perspective lacking in two-dimensional GIS maps to provide archaeologists a sense of mass and space more closely attuned with human perception. This article uses comparative and iterative approaches ‘tacking back and forth’ between GIS and 3D ...


Continuity And Change In Puebloan Ritual Practice: 3,800 Years Of Shrine Use In The North American Southwest, Phil R. Geib, Carrie Heitman, Ronald C.D. Fields 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Continuity And Change In Puebloan Ritual Practice: 3,800 Years Of Shrine Use In The North American Southwest, Phil R. Geib, Carrie Heitman, Ronald C.D. Fields

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Radiocarbon dates on artifacts from a Puebloan shrine in New Mexico reveal a persistence in ritual practice for some 3,800 years. The dates indicate that the shrine had become an important location for ceremonial observances related to warfare by almost 2000 cal. B.C., coinciding with the time when food production was first practiced in the Southwest. The shrine exhibits continuity of ritual behavior, something that Puebloans may find unsurprising, but also changes in the artifacts deposited that indicate new technology, transformations of belief, and perhaps shifting cultural boundaries. After briefly describing this shrine, we discuss some of the ...


Places Of Contestation: A Study Of Public Buildings At Río Viejo On The Pacific Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico, Cuauhtemoc Vidal-Guzman 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Places Of Contestation: A Study Of Public Buildings At Río Viejo On The Pacific Coast Of Oaxaca, Mexico, Cuauhtemoc Vidal-Guzman

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this thesis is to study the building sequence of the north central part of the acropolis of Río Viejo, a site on the Pacific coast of Oaxaca. In particular, I focus on two construction phases of a public building dated to the late Terminal Formative labeled Structure 8-sub 1 and Structure 8. Contextualizing these edifices within the construction program that erected Río Viejo’s acropolis affords the opportunity to assess how they were entangled in the social context of the first regional polity in the area. To this end, I discuss three themes: 1) how the construction ...


A Landscape Of Water And Waste: Heritage Legacies And Environmental Change In The Mesabi Iron Range, John Baeten 2017 Michigan Technological University

A Landscape Of Water And Waste: Heritage Legacies And Environmental Change In The Mesabi Iron Range, John Baeten

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

This dissertation explores the intersection between mining technology, industrial heritage, and environmental history, using iron mining in the Mesabi Range of the Lake Superior Iron District as its core case study. What impact did technological shifts in iron mining and ore processing have on the environment of the Lake Superior basin? How did the environmental changes wrought from low-grade iron ore mining and processing, such as the expansion of open-pits and the production of tailings, affect different communities in Minnesota’s Mesabi Range? And finally, how have the environmental legacies of iron mining been remembered and memorialized, or ignored and ...


A Stylistic Analysis Using Multivariate Statistics Of Oneota Pottery From The Upper Mississippi, Blue Earth, And St. Croix River Valleys, Michelle Neumann 2017 Minnesota State University, Mankato

A Stylistic Analysis Using Multivariate Statistics Of Oneota Pottery From The Upper Mississippi, Blue Earth, And St. Croix River Valleys, Michelle Neumann

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Pottery is one of the most abundant artifact types recovered from late pre-contact habitations sites in the upper Midwest. As a material with inherent plasticity, pottery reflects changes in people's preferences and traditions in aspects of its form and design quickly through time and space. Analyzing different facets of pottery has the ability to provide extensive information about people in the past: their resource utilization, technology, traditions, economic exchange, regional interaction, ideology, and or group identity. Yet, a significant challenge in pottery analysis is deriving comprehensive and testable conclusions in terms of types and styles that reflect patterned cultural ...


Cutting Corners: Transition From Corner To Side Notched Arrow Points In The Central Plains Tradition, Erin R. Hughes 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Cutting Corners: Transition From Corner To Side Notched Arrow Points In The Central Plains Tradition, Erin R. Hughes

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

One of the cultural markers of the Central Plains Tradition (CPT; A.D. 1050-1400) is the side-notched arrow point. These projectile points replaced the previous corner-notched points as the arrow tip of choice for the CPT people. This pattern of change is well established in the archaeological literature; however, little has been done to explore why this change occurred. In this thesis I argue that the spread of side notched projectile points onto the Great Plains during the CPT was influenced by point styles associated with the Mississippian mound center of Cahokia. This research looks at arrow points from Woodland ...


"The Ambassador's Herb": Tobacco Pipes As Evidence For Plains-Pueblo Interaction, Interethnic Negotiation, And Ceremonial Exchange In The Northern Rio Grande, Kaitlyn Elizabeth Davis 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

"The Ambassador's Herb": Tobacco Pipes As Evidence For Plains-Pueblo Interaction, Interethnic Negotiation, And Ceremonial Exchange In The Northern Rio Grande, Kaitlyn Elizabeth Davis

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This study examines use of pipes and smoking materials at trade centers in the Northern Rio Grande region of New Mexico. It explores whether these objects were part of ritually mediated interactions between these two regional groups, asking: were smoking pipes an element in negotiations between Pueblo people and their Plains neighbors? Ethnographic and ethnohistoric literature indicates that pipe-smoking was part of rituals that cemented inter-tribal trade relationships. Therefore, I propose that pipes, which were used in trade negotiations and ceremonial interactions, can be useful for examining social interaction and regional mediation aspects of trade and decision making.

Three categories ...


Style, Identity, And Communities Of Practice: A Study Of Middle Missouri Ceramics From Chief Looking’S Village And The Heart River Region, Jennifer K. Deats 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Style, Identity, And Communities Of Practice: A Study Of Middle Missouri Ceramics From Chief Looking’S Village And The Heart River Region, Jennifer K. Deats

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Chief Looking’s Village (32BL3) is found in present-day Bismarck, ND. An ancestral Mandan community occupied this site for a short period in the mid-1500s and built two distinctly different house types, one “local” and one “foreign” design. Temporally located during a time of change in the Heart River region when settlements were growing and congregating, groups from two different regions, traditionally identified as Middle Missouri and Coalescent, were coming together to form integrated settlements. The two housing styles indicate Chief Looking’s Village was on the precipice of this period of change, the transition from rectangular to circular houses ...


The Irene/Altamaha Transition On Sapelo Island Georgia, Elizabeth Straub 2017 University of Indianapolis

The Irene/Altamaha Transition On Sapelo Island Georgia, Elizabeth Straub

Anthropology

The nature and timing of the transition between Late Prehistoric Irene ceramics and Mission period Altamaha ceramics are not well understood. Archaeologists in the Southeast debate over the what caused coastal Guale groups to adopt new motifs and decorative styles, but these changes have often been attributed to Spanish interaction. I have conducted excavations and analysis of Irene, Altamaha, and possible transitional contexts at Site 9Mc23 on Sapelo Island, in hopes of better understanding these changes. These comparisons suggest that there is something unique about the “possibly transitional” context. Chi-square tests indicate that it may be possible to identify transitional ...


Aztec Human Sacrifice As Entertainment? The Physio-Psycho-Social Rewards Of Azetec Sacrificial Celebrations, Linda Jane Hansen 2017 University of Denver

Aztec Human Sacrifice As Entertainment? The Physio-Psycho-Social Rewards Of Azetec Sacrificial Celebrations, Linda Jane Hansen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Human sacrifice in the sixteenth-century Aztec Empire, as recorded by Spanish chroniclers, was conducted on a large scale and was usually the climactic ritual act culminating elaborate multi-day festivals. Scholars have advanced a wide range of theories explaining the underlying motivations and purposes of these abundant and regulated ritual massacres. Recent scholarship on human sacrifice in ancient Mexico has observed far more complexity, nuance, and fluidity in the nature of these rituals than earlier mono-causal explanations. Several recent examinations have concentrated their analysis on the use of sacred space, architecture, movement, and embodiment in these festivals. As an extension of ...


Forager And Collector Strategies In The Yakima Uplands: An Analysis Of Archaeological Assemblages From Testing Projects On The U.S. Army Yakima Training Center, Wa., John M. Davis 2017 Central Washington University

Forager And Collector Strategies In The Yakima Uplands: An Analysis Of Archaeological Assemblages From Testing Projects On The U.S. Army Yakima Training Center, Wa., John M. Davis

All Master's Theses

Despite nearly 40 years of testing projects on the Yakima Training Center, there remains little understanding of human adaptations and subsistence patterns through time in the Yakima Uplands. Additionally, there is a need for a managerial testing review. Assemblage data from fifty-one discrete components spanning the Holocene allowed an economic site type model to be built. Results indicate a shift towards intensive upland resource procurement systems beginning 2,200 cal B.P. Assemblage artifact dimensions do not correlate with Site Type but do reflect expected changes associated with a transition from forager to collector systems. Assemblage data only appear complete ...


Vertebrate Faunal Analysis Of The Anderson Creek Site (45kp233), Robert Holstine 2017 Central Washington University

Vertebrate Faunal Analysis Of The Anderson Creek Site (45kp233), Robert Holstine

All Master's Theses

The Anderson Creek archaeological site (45KP233) was excavated by the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) in 2015, as part of a fish passage replacement project in Puget Sound. Faunal analysis of remains from this excavation was completed by the author in collaboration with Dr. Megan Partlow. Analysis documented a variety of mammal and fish remains, consisting primarily of salmon, flatfishes, deer and elk. In addition to general faunal results reported to WSDOT, I discuss bone fragmentation, herring in regional sites, and the value of 1/16” fine screen sampling and analysis. To address the last, I compared fish identifications ...


The Hidden History Of Western Washington Logging Camps: St. Paul And Tacoma Lumber Company’S Camp #5 Ca. 1934-1947, Kayley Bass 2017 Central Washington University

The Hidden History Of Western Washington Logging Camps: St. Paul And Tacoma Lumber Company’S Camp #5 Ca. 1934-1947, Kayley Bass

All Master's Theses

Despite the importance of logging to Washington State’s heritage, there is little information on the life in the logging industry and the lumbermen who helped shape western Washington. The St. Paul and Tacoma Lumber Company (SPTLC) harvested the Kapowsin Timberlands from the early 1900s to the late 1950s. The logging camps located within these timberlands can provide information on the organization of these industry camps as well as on the daily lives of the men that would help build one of the most important industries in Washington. This thesis employed archaeological and historical approaches to understand this period of ...


Data For The Distribution Of Flat-Backed Canteens, Kristina L. Whitney 2017 University of New Mexico

Data For The Distribution Of Flat-Backed Canteens, Kristina L. Whitney

Anthropology Student Publications

Since water transport vessels are often a highly conservative vessel form, the appearance of a new water vessel shape—the flat-backed canteen—in the American Southwest around the time of Spanish arrival raises questions concerning its introduction. These data are the basis of a study aimed at documenting the presence of the flat-backed canteen in the American Southwest from the sixteenth through twentieth centuries and explores changes in their distribution and use through time. A total of 128 flat-backed canteens were analyzed from archaeological and ethnographic collections, while 97 additional New World canteens were documented through an extensive literature review ...


Upland Land Use And Intersite Lithic Assemblage Variation Across Two Rockshelter And Three Open-Air Archaeological Sites In Mount Rainier National Park, Caitlin Limberg 2017 Central Washington University

Upland Land Use And Intersite Lithic Assemblage Variation Across Two Rockshelter And Three Open-Air Archaeological Sites In Mount Rainier National Park, Caitlin Limberg

All Master's Theses

Two sites from the Late Holocene period, the Fryingpan and Berkeley Rockshelters, are analyzed using an evolutionary archaeology model to test hypotheses about site-type expectations. Under the existing theoretical model, rockshelter sites on the slopes of Mount Rainier were used for a more limited activity set than some open-air sites. Rockshelter sites are thought to be places of short-term occupancy consistent with hunting and/or overnight residence activities. Large open-air sites with relatively dense and materially diverse lithic artifacts are thought to be longer-term residential base camps. Technological and functional paradigmatic lithic classifications are used to measure how rockshelter and ...


Comparing A Surface Collection To An Excavated Collection In The Lower Skagit River Delta At 45sk51, Sherri M. Middleton 2017 Central Washington University

Comparing A Surface Collection To An Excavated Collection In The Lower Skagit River Delta At 45sk51, Sherri M. Middleton

All Master's Theses

In the Puget Sound Lowland of the Pacific Northwest, archaeologists have investigated a shift in settlement and subsistence patterns occurring in the mid-Holocene Epoch. The artifacts used as the evidence of this shift are interpreted with a concept known as resource intensification. This shift in artifact frequencies has been studied only in the last thirty years and in limited areas of the Puget Sound Lowlands. An opportunity to investigate a site dating to after the shift presented itself when Central Washington University acquired the Lower Skagit River Delta Surface Collection (LSRDSC). This artifact assemblage was collected from a plow-zone surface ...


Look At Where You Listen: A Study Of Commercial Music And Mediation, Thomas Walton Moore 2017 Bard College

Look At Where You Listen: A Study Of Commercial Music And Mediation, Thomas Walton Moore

Senior Projects Spring 2017

A joint senior project submitted to the divisions of arts and social studies. This project aims to reconsider the 'album' as a format of music distribution that has effects on the consumption-of and relationship-with music as commodity. This project consists of writing and recorded-music-making. Please email tom (at) dpimusic (dot) com for a link.


Wagons, Trains, Trucks, And Bottles: Transportation Networks And Commodity Access In Castroville, Texas, Kellam Throgmorton 2017 Binghamton University--SUNY

Wagons, Trains, Trucks, And Bottles: Transportation Networks And Commodity Access In Castroville, Texas, Kellam Throgmorton

Anthropology Student Scholarship

The premise of this paper is that changing modes of transportation significantly affected how residents of Castroville, Texas, acquired commodities, which in turn influenced how they expressed particular ethnic, regional, and class identities through consumption. Castroville residents lived (and continue to live) within a broader world system of commodity exchange. As we strive to understand how identities are reflected in and co-created through the objects we surround ourselves with, it is important to remember that economic relations that extend well beyond the local can structure a community’s access to commodities. Geographic space becomes a meaningful variable when we think ...


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