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Late Magdalenian Lithic Technological Organization At Lapa Do Picareiro, Central Portugal., Melissa Jean Holst 2017 University of Louisville

Late Magdalenian Lithic Technological Organization At Lapa Do Picareiro, Central Portugal., Melissa Jean Holst

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Lapa do Picareiro, a cave located in Portuguese Estremadura, contains continuous deposits dated to the Late Pleistocene. As one of the highest elevation Upper Paleolithic sites currently known in Portugal, questions are raised about the function of the site during this time. This thesis presents a comprehensive analysis of the lithic assemblage recovered from the Late Magdalenian layer of F/G (13,442 to 14,011 cal BP). The data generated from this study, when looked at in conjunction with the previously analyzed faunal assemblage, helps to provide a broader understanding of the site’s function during the Late Magdalenian ...


Public Ritual Sacrifice As A Controlling Mechanism For The Aztec, Madeline Nicholson 2017 University of Connecticut

Public Ritual Sacrifice As A Controlling Mechanism For The Aztec, Madeline Nicholson

Honors Scholar Theses

For decades, archaeologists have researched the fascinating finds of Aztec sacrifice. Evidence of their sacrifices are seen on temple walls, stone carvings, bones, and in Spanish chronicler drawings. Although public ritual sacrifice was practiced before the Aztecs, with evidence from the Olmec civilization (1200-1300 BCE) and Maya (200-900 BCE), Aztec sacrifices are among the most extensively documented. How does such a practice survive in different civilizations through different rulers? This thesis will analyze the phases of Aztec public ritual sacrifice (specifically the location, length, and number of sacrifices) and the close relationship to their origin myths, or founding stories. It ...


A Case Study In The Interdisciplinary: The Role Of Anthropology, Archaeology And History In Academia And Museums, Alexnadra A. Rosenberg 2017 College of William & Mary

A Case Study In The Interdisciplinary: The Role Of Anthropology, Archaeology And History In Academia And Museums, Alexnadra A. Rosenberg

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis will examine the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to anthropology, archaeology and history in both academic and museum settings. Using the “Lives Bound Together: Slavery at George Washington’s Mount Vernon” exhibit as a case study, the necessity of teaching from an interdisciplinary perspective at an undergraduate level, if not before is stressed. Specific attention is given to the subfield of archaeology, the role of oral histories and descendant communities in creating museum exhibitions and the ways in which the museum presents a historical narrative about a complex and emotionally charged topic to visitors who arrive with diverse ...


The Spatial Ordering Of Nabataea: An Integrated Analysis Of The Geography, Architecture, And Morphology Of Nabataean Petra, Christopher Clifton Angel 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Spatial Ordering Of Nabataea: An Integrated Analysis Of The Geography, Architecture, And Morphology Of Nabataean Petra, Christopher Clifton Angel

Theses and Dissertations

The Nabataean city of Petra is well known for its sandstone architecture and rock-hewn funerary landscape. Over the last few decades, numerous studies examined their history, culture, art, and architecture. The few studies that assessed the urban space of Petra focused on the functional properties of individual architectural forms and their nominal placement within the overall landscape. This study focused on the spatial configurations of architecture as relational to the dynamics of Nabataean politics and ritual where shifts in social order manifested similar shifts in spatial order which in turn produced and reproduced forms of social order. The production of ...


Faunal Remains As A Potential Indicator Of Ritual Behavior: Griffin Rockshelter (40fr151), Connie Marie Randall 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Faunal Remains As A Potential Indicator Of Ritual Behavior: Griffin Rockshelter (40fr151), Connie Marie Randall

Masters Theses

Faunal remains are typically interpreted with a focus on utilitarian activity. However, animals were used for a variety of purposes, with some species having special cultural associations. This thesis explores the potential for a faunal assemblage to enhance the belief that Griffin Rockshelter (40FR151), a relatively small sandstone rockshelter, was a space where ritual activity occurred.

This project makes use of a comprehensive analysis of the archaeofauna recovered from Griffin, with data from previous analyses of the lithics and pottery, along with the petroglyphs that cover the shelter’s back wall. To further demonstrate the uniqueness of the material, the ...


The Diet And Subsistence Methods Of The Maya: Their Health And Cultural Consequences From The Pre-Classic Era To Today, Rachel E. Watson 2017 Saint John Fisher College

The Diet And Subsistence Methods Of The Maya: Their Health And Cultural Consequences From The Pre-Classic Era To Today, Rachel E. Watson

Honors Undergraduate

The Maya, a once great civilization, seemingly vanished without an obvious reason, before the Spanish landed in the region. Some say that their downfall was a result of famine and inadequate nutrition. Surprisingly, most of the archaeological evidence surrounding the Classic Maya diet and subsistence methods indicates that they both adequately sustained the population to the point where there has been practically no change over hundreds of years. Change did not occur to the Maya diet or the classic subsistence methods until the late twentieth century when the tourism industry exploded in the area of the former Maya empire. The ...


Our Uncommonwealth - Kentucky And Ohio Brawled Over Indian Head Rock; Now It's In A Storage Shed, Cheryl Truman 2017 Lexington Herald-Leader

Our Uncommonwealth - Kentucky And Ohio Brawled Over Indian Head Rock; Now It's In A Storage Shed, Cheryl Truman

Indian Head Rock Project

An article published in the Lexington Herald-Leader on April 25, 2017 describing the location of Indian Head Rock after its return to Kentucky and the release of a documentary on the history of the rock.


Kentucky And Ohio Brawled Over Indian Head Rock; Now It’S In A Storage Shed, Cheryl Truman 2017 Lexington Herald Leader

Kentucky And Ohio Brawled Over Indian Head Rock; Now It’S In A Storage Shed, Cheryl Truman

Indian Head Rock Project

Article published in the Lexington Herald Leader on the status of the Indian Head Rock from April 24, 2017.


Indian Head Rock Star Of New Documentary, Mike James 2017 Ashland Independent

Indian Head Rock Star Of New Documentary, Mike James

Indian Head Rock Project

Article published in the Ashland Daily Independent by Mike James on the documentary featuring Indian Head Rock by Steve Middleton.


Kentucky And Ohio Brawled Over Indian Head Rock; Now It's In A Storage Shed, Cheryl Truman 2017 Lexington Herald-Leader

Kentucky And Ohio Brawled Over Indian Head Rock; Now It's In A Storage Shed, Cheryl Truman

Indian Head Rock Project

Article written by Cheryl Truman and published in Lexington Herald-Leader on the Indian Head Rock and the documentary film based on the Rock by Steve Middleton.


Resource Scarcity And Monumental Architecture: Cost Signaling On Rapa Nui (Easter Island), Chile, Dylan Davis, Carl P. Lipo 2017 Binghamton University--SUNY

Resource Scarcity And Monumental Architecture: Cost Signaling On Rapa Nui (Easter Island), Chile, Dylan Davis, Carl P. Lipo

Research Days Student Posters

Costly signaling theory (CST) explains a variety of elaborate behavioral displays as a consequence of competition over resources when the risk of direct conflict is high. Within an archaeological context, monumental architecture is potentially explained as a facet of costly signaling between individuals and groups. On Rapa Nui, CST offers an explanation for the construction of labor-intensive monuments including massive statues (moai) and ceremonial platforms (ahu). Using hypotheses derived from CST and spatial data about the distribution of archaeological features, the degree to which CST accounts for the investment in prehistoric monumental architecture on Rapu Nui is evaluated.


Macrobotanical Analysis Of The Topper Site (38al23), Sierra Snively Roark 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Macrobotanical Analysis Of The Topper Site (38al23), Sierra Snively Roark

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The Topper Site (38AL23) is a multicomponent precontact site located along the Savannah River in central South Carolina. Recent excavations conducted by the University of Tennessee have resulted in the identification,mapping, excavation, and processing of over 357 features of possible pits, postholes, and other traces of human activity. Fill from each feature was individually excavated and processed via drum flotation. This poster presents a detailed macrobotanical identification and analysis of the contents of a selection of these features using paleoethnobotanical standards. This project provides insight into Native American foodways, structure locations, and overall daily practices which occurred in the ...


"Between The Rock And The Commonwealth", Tyler York 2017 Morehead State Trail Blazer

"Between The Rock And The Commonwealth", Tyler York

Indian Head Rock Project

Article published in the Morehead State Trial Blazer on the release of Steve Middleton's documentary "Between the Rock and the Commonwealth" from April 14, 2017.


South Shore Wants To Give Landmark A Home, Jeremy Wells 2017 Ironton Tribune

South Shore Wants To Give Landmark A Home, Jeremy Wells

Indian Head Rock Project

An article published in the Ironton Tribune on the efforts to create a permanent exhibit for the Indian Head Rock from April 14, 2017.


Typology And Analysis Of Ceramic Vessels And Pottery Shards Found At The Long Swamp Site: Lamar And Mary Folwer Holcomb Collection, Maxwell Mackenzie 2017 Georgia State University

Typology And Analysis Of Ceramic Vessels And Pottery Shards Found At The Long Swamp Site: Lamar And Mary Folwer Holcomb Collection, Maxwell Mackenzie

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Military Death And Burial Rituals, Maurice Ynclan 2017 Georgia State University

Military Death And Burial Rituals, Maurice Ynclan

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Ceramic Roof Ornaments (Almenas) From Cihuatan, El Salvador: Contexts, Descriptions And Inferences From Other Sites, Marshall Joseph Becker 2017 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Ceramic Roof Ornaments (Almenas) From Cihuatan, El Salvador: Contexts, Descriptions And Inferences From Other Sites, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology

Discovery of dozens of broken ceramic roof ornaments (almenas) on the floor abutting the front (western) margin of an elite residence (Structure Q-1) at Cihuatan, El Salvador provides a new context for this category of artifacts. While relatively well-known from sites in the Valley of Mexico, elsewhere in Mesoamerica almenas have been documented only from a single Teotihuacan-style structure at the lowland Maya site of Tikal, one structure at Mayapan, and possibly at a few other sites in Yucatan. A preliminary program to reconstruct a portion of the many box-like almenasat Cihuatan, of a date much later than the one ...


Changes In Middle Holocene Shellfish Harvesting Practices: Evidence From Labouchere Bay (49-Pet-476), Southeast Alaska, Mark R. Williams 2017 University of New Mexico

Changes In Middle Holocene Shellfish Harvesting Practices: Evidence From Labouchere Bay (49-Pet-476), Southeast Alaska, Mark R. Williams

Anthropology Student Publications

This paper uses zooarchaeology and community paleoecology to interpret the invertebrate assemblage from a middle Holocene shell midden in Southeast Alaska. The composition of midden 13.3 at Labouchere Bay (AHRS# 49-PET-746), which was occupied between 6,500 and 2,500 calendar years before present, reflects changes in how the human inhabitants of the site interacted with intertidal shellfish communities. The amount of shellfish from soft substrate habitats (mudflats) did not change significantly over time, while the amount of shellfish from hard substrate habitats (rocky tide pools) declined. This trend in the relative abundance of these shellfish in the midden ...


A Wampum Basket From New England: Discovery Of An Account Providing Verification Of An Oral Tradition, Marshall Joseph Becker 2017 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

A Wampum Basket From New England: Discovery Of An Account Providing Verification Of An Oral Tradition, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology

No abstract provided.


Here There Be Herders: Comparative Archaeological Survey Of Bronze Age Monumental Landscapes, Charles Ronkos 2017 SIT Study Abroad

Here There Be Herders: Comparative Archaeological Survey Of Bronze Age Monumental Landscapes, Charles Ronkos

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Within our global understanding of the human story, nomadic pastoralists are often featured as marginal, or at best ancillary, to a narrative on sedentary civilizations of increasing complexity. Research on these groups has been limited by this conception, and by a minimal signature in the archeological record. However, revolutionary technological and methodological advances in the field have allowed for increased complexity in current research on the emergence of pastoralists in antiquity. As a region with an extensive nomadic pastoral history, and as a nation reviving its interest in the past, Mongolia is ideal for such studies. However, for large swaths ...


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