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Situating The Pot And Potter: Ceramic Production And Use At The Silvercreek Sites, Two Early-Late Woodland Sites In Elgin County, Ontario, Katelyn E. Mather 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Situating The Pot And Potter: Ceramic Production And Use At The Silvercreek Sites, Two Early-Late Woodland Sites In Elgin County, Ontario, Katelyn E. Mather

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study examines the pottery from two archaeological sites that date to the beginning of the early Late Woodland period. In order to understand the production and use of ceramic vessels at the sites, a wide range of ceramic attributes are recorded and analyzed. A second component of the research is to understand the settlement patterns at the site, in order to determine how space was organized at the sites. Through these analyses, I situate these sites within the wider context of southwestern Ontario in the 11th century A.D. I adopt a ‘communities of practice’ approach, and conclude ...


Practice Makes Projectiles: Genesse Biface Technology In Southern Ontario, Kaitlyn C.M. Malleau 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Practice Makes Projectiles: Genesse Biface Technology In Southern Ontario, Kaitlyn C.M. Malleau

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this study I investigate the lithic technology practice communities of what is now southwestern Ontario between 3800 and 3400 B.P., the latter part of the period dubbed “the Broad Point Archaic.” I seek to propose historical processes by which Genesee bifaces might have entered Ontario, and how they were used by past First Nations peoples. I observe both the form (using qualitative and metric traits) and use-wear (using macroscopic diagnostic impact fractures) of Genesee bifaces from seven sites located in southwestern Ontario: Davidson, Sadler, Desjardins, Parkhill, Brodie, R&K, and Hamilton Golf Course. The evidence suggests Genesee bifaces ...


Prehistoric Drawings In Mammoth Cave, Logan Kistler 2015 University of Kentucky

Prehistoric Drawings In Mammoth Cave, Logan Kistler

Kaleidoscope

During a recent Earthwatch Institute survey of archaeological remains in Mammoth Cave, a project was begun to find and record prehistoric images on the cave walls. I chose to analyze petroglyphs and pictographs on three panels in Main Cave. This article offers a hypothesis for the circumstances surrounding the rock art’s production: the geometric and anthropomorphic figures in Mammoth Cave are representative of a series of visual percepts experienced cross-culturally and caused by various conditions — including sensory deprivation, fatigue, and psychoactive drug use — acting on the ocular anatomy and nervous system. That is, the glyphs might be visual representations ...


Pre Clovis At Topper (38al23): Evaluating The Role Of Human Versus Natural Agency In The Formation Of Lithic Deposits From A Pleistocene Terrace In The American Southeast, Douglas Allen Sain 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Pre Clovis At Topper (38al23): Evaluating The Role Of Human Versus Natural Agency In The Formation Of Lithic Deposits From A Pleistocene Terrace In The American Southeast, Douglas Allen Sain

Douglas Allen Sain

This dissertation provides a detailed analysis of the lithic materials from the presumed pre Clovis deposits at the Topper Site (38AL23), a Paleoindian quarry and stone tool manufacture site in Allendale County South Carolina, U.S.A. Prior research at Topper identified flakes and possible chipped stone tools from Pleistocene-aged sediments that predate Clovis, traditionally considered the earliest culture complex in the region. The goal of this study is to document the nature of the pre Clovis assemblage at Topper, and to explore possible ways it may have formed. Did human or natural processes play a role in the production ...


Producing Goods, Shaping People: The Materiality Of Crafting, Julia A. Hendon 2015 Gettysburg College

Producing Goods, Shaping People: The Materiality Of Crafting, Julia A. Hendon

Anthropology Faculty Publications

The study of craft production has a long and venerable history in archaeological research on ancient societies. In this chapter, I consider the crafting of useful and desired things from a materiality perspective by looking at the interactions between the craftpersons, the materials with which they work, and the ways that their end products are valued in society. I use two examples: working with fibers by the Maya of Mesoamerica and with metals by the Moche of Andean South America. These are two very different kinds of materials whose characteristics affect how one interacts with them. Crafting was a part ...


Late Quaternary Speleogenesis And Landscape Evolution In A Tropical Carbonate Island: Pango La Kuumbi (Kuumbi Cave), Zanzibar, Nikos Kourampas, Ceri Shipton, William Mills, Ruth Tibesasa, Henrietta Horton, Mark Horton, Mary Prendergast, Alison Crowther, Katerina Douka, Patrick Faulkner, Llorenç Picornell, Nicole Boivin 2015 University of Stirling & University of Edinburgh

Late Quaternary Speleogenesis And Landscape Evolution In A Tropical Carbonate Island: Pango La Kuumbi (Kuumbi Cave), Zanzibar, Nikos Kourampas, Ceri Shipton, William Mills, Ruth Tibesasa, Henrietta Horton, Mark Horton, Mary Prendergast, Alison Crowther, Katerina Douka, Patrick Faulkner, Llorenç Picornell, Nicole Boivin

International Journal of Speleology

Kuumbi Cave is one of a group of caves that underlie a flight of marine terraces in Pleistocene limestone in eastern Zanzibar (Indian Ocean). Drawing on the findings of geoarchaeological field survey and archaeological excavation, we discuss the formation and evolution of Kuumbi Cave and its wider littoral landscape. In the later part of the Quaternary (last ca. 250,000 years?), speleogenesis and terrace formation were driven by the interplay between glacioeustatic sea level change and crustal uplift at rates of ca. 0.10-0.20 mm/yr. Two units of backreef/reef limestone were deposited during ‘optimal’ (highest) highstands, tentatively ...


Domestic Masonry Architecture In 17th-Century Virginia, David Brown 2015 Selected Works

Domestic Masonry Architecture In 17th-Century Virginia, David Brown

David W Brown

The focus of this study is to provide an easily accessible source of information on domestic masonry architecture in 17th-century Virginia. This includes buildings constructed entirely of brick or stone as well as framed structures, brick enders, and homes with brick-nogged walls. The few surviving examples of these buildings do not adequately represent the period and, until recently, literature pertaining to this subject has either been inaccurate or has concentrated far too heavily on a limited number of structures. Through research in the fields of history, historical archaeology, and architectural history, at least 24 structures have been found dating to ...


Identification Of Ancient Maya Agriculture In The Periphery Of Motul De San José, Alexandra E. Smofsky 2015 The University of Western Ontario

Identification Of Ancient Maya Agriculture In The Periphery Of Motul De San José, Alexandra E. Smofsky

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Agricultural systems were investigated in the Motul de San José periphery, an ancient Maya polity in Guatemala, using soil geochemical techniques. The δ13C values of soil organic matter delineated areas of ancient maize agriculture at the satellite center of Kante’t’u’ul. A new method to locate areas of former cacao cultivation or processing was developed using HPLC to detect theobromine, an alkaloid of the cacao plant, preserved in soils. Extraction of spiked soils revealed that theobromine adsorption is inversely correlated with organic matter content of soils. Detection of naturally occurring theobromine was successful, demonstrating its utility ...


Paleoepidemiology Of Intestinal Parasites And Lice In Pre-Columbian South America *, Adauto Araujo, Karl J. Reinhard, Daniela Leles, Luciana Sianto, Alena Iniguez, Martin Fugassa, Berrnardo Arriaza, Nancy Orellana, Luiz Fernando Ferreira 2015 Fundação Oswaldo Cruz

Paleoepidemiology Of Intestinal Parasites And Lice In Pre-Columbian South America *, Adauto Araujo, Karl J. Reinhard, Daniela Leles, Luciana Sianto, Alena Iniguez, Martin Fugassa, Berrnardo Arriaza, Nancy Orellana, Luiz Fernando Ferreira

Karl Reinhard Papers/Publications

Some human parasites originated in prehominid ancestors in Africa. Nematode species, such as Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm), hookworms and Trichuris trichiura are shared by humans and other close phylogenetic primates (Pan and Gorilla), showing that they infected a common ancestor to this group. When humans migrated from Africa to other continents they carried these parasites wherever climate conditions allowed parasite transmission from host to host. Other parasites, however, were acquired throughout human biological and social evolutive history when new territories were occupied. Paleoparasitology data is a valuable source to recover emergence and disappearance of parasite infections through analysis of archaeological remains ...


Diet And Parasitism At Dust Devil Cave, Karl J. Reinhard, J Richard Ambler, Magdalene McGuffie 2015 Northern Arizona University

Diet And Parasitism At Dust Devil Cave, Karl J. Reinhard, J Richard Ambler, Magdalene Mcguffie

Karl Reinhard Papers/Publications

Human parasitism has obvious relationships to group size and composition, mobility, subsistence patterns, and rates of culture change. At their best, human endoparasites may be annoying; at their worst, some can cause death. Thus, an overall view of the parasite load of a prehistoric population can yield insights useful in interpreting past lifeways. With these thoughts in mind, we undertook a study of Desha Complex (6800-4800 B .C.) human feces recovered from Dust Devil Cave in southern Utah.


Community Formation And The Development Of A British-Atlantic Identity In The Chesapeake: An Archaeological And Historical Study Of The Tobacco Pipe Trade In The Potomac River Valley Ca. 1630-1730, Lauren Kathleen McMillan 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Community Formation And The Development Of A British-Atlantic Identity In The Chesapeake: An Archaeological And Historical Study Of The Tobacco Pipe Trade In The Potomac River Valley Ca. 1630-1730, Lauren Kathleen Mcmillan

Doctoral Dissertations

Trade in goods, and the exchange of information and ideas that resulted, was the backbone and lifeblood of the Chesapeake colonies. Through these formal and informal interactions colonists formed personal and community relationships that defined many aspects of life in 17th-century Virginia and Maryland. Marked or decorated imported clay tobacco pipes and locally-produced mold-made tobacco pipes are one of the most tangible pieces of evidence of these relationships and are the main focus of this study. By combining archaeological and documentary records, the multiple interaction spheres in which residents from 16 archaeological sites in the Potomac River Valley were engaged ...


Three Dimensional Cartography For A Theater Production, Chad Daniel Lopez 2015 University of Redlands

Three Dimensional Cartography For A Theater Production, Chad Daniel Lopez

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

This report documents the planning, design, and implementation of the Three Dimensional Cartography for a Theater Production project. This project’s client was Professor Chris Beach, a professor of Theater Arts at the University of Redlands. Professor Beach was interested in implementing 3D cartographic geovisualizations into a theater production he was co-writing. These geovisualizations were meant to be presented alongside actors on stage to a live audience. The datasets visualized include antique USGS topographic maps, National Park Service maps, orthographic photos and prehistoric petroglyphic cartographic representations. The process of implementing this project involved gathering raw data from internet sources, formatting ...


Casting Stones: An Analysis Of The Late Archaic Period At The Big Pine Tree Site, South Carolina, Based In Behavioral Ecology, Adam Daniel Russell 2015 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Casting Stones: An Analysis Of The Late Archaic Period At The Big Pine Tree Site, South Carolina, Based In Behavioral Ecology, Adam Daniel Russell

Masters Theses

The Big Pine Tree site (38AL143) is located in the Central Savannah River Valley in the coastal plain of South Carolina. A chert quarry site, it has been used since the Late Paleoindian period (12,850-11,200 cal yr BP) and is in fact still utilized to this day by employees of the nearby Archroma facility. The site has been extensively excavated under the direction of Albert C. Goodyear III for many years, resulting in a large assemblage. This research addresses an unusual 30-centimeter thick dark-brown soil stain located between 60-90 centimeters below ground surface that dates to the beginning ...


Weaving Together Evil Air, Sacred Mountaintops, And War, Margaret Brown Vega 2015 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

Weaving Together Evil Air, Sacred Mountaintops, And War, Margaret Brown Vega

Margaret Brown Vega

Central Andean fortified hilltops are sites of an ambiguous nature, interpreted as having either nothing to do with war, or everything to do with war. This dichotomous thinking stems from conceptualizations of the world as a composition of bounded, discrete entities and practices. Drawing on Timothy Ingold’s concept of “meshwork”, this paper examines the entanglement of harmful winds, spirited peaks, ritual spaces of defense, and war in the late prehispanic Huaura Valley, Perú. Animated environments and practices that link worldly relationships are relevant for interpreting fortifications, people’s experiences in them, and the role of war in culture change ...


Agave Chewing And Dental Wear: Evidence From Quids, Emily E. Hammerl, Melissa A. Baier, Karl Reinhard 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Agave Chewing And Dental Wear: Evidence From Quids, Emily E. Hammerl, Melissa A. Baier, Karl Reinhard

Karl Reinhard Papers/Publications

Agave quid chewing is examined as a potential contributing behavior to hunter-gatherer dental wear. It has previously been hypothesized that the contribution of Agave quid chewing to dental wear would be observed in communities wherever phytolith-rich desert succulents were part of subsistence. Previous analysis of coprolites from a prehistoric agricultural site, La Cueva de los Muertos Chiquitos in Durango, Mexico, showed that Agave was a consistent part of a diverse diet. Therefore, quids recovered at this site ought to be useful materials to test the hypothesis that dental wear was related to desert succulent consumption. The quids recovered from the ...


Fuentes De Aprovisionamiento De Obsidiana E Interacción Social En Los Andes Sur Centrales, Nicholas Tripcevich 2015 University of California, Berkeley

Fuentes De Aprovisionamiento De Obsidiana E Interacción Social En Los Andes Sur Centrales, Nicholas Tripcevich

Nicholas Tripcevich, Ph.D.

Diapositivas de la conferencia magistral presentada el día miércoles 22 de julio 2015 de 18:00 a 20:00 hrs. en el Instituto de Alta Investigación de la Universidad de Tarapacá, Antofagasta 1520, Arica, Chile.


41cp5_O Nagpra 2012.1.186, Robert Selden 2015 Center for Regional Heritage Research, Stephen F. Austin State University

41cp5_O Nagpra 2012.1.186, Robert Selden

Robert Z. Selden Jr.

3D model of Turner Collection vessel 41CP5_O NAGPRA 2012.1.186 (Caddo). More information on this vessel can be found here or by accessing the "Full Text" link above.


41cp5_O Nagpra 2012.1.159, Robert Selden 2015 Center for Regional Heritage Research, Stephen F. Austin State University

41cp5_O Nagpra 2012.1.159, Robert Selden

Robert Z. Selden Jr.

3D model of Turner Collection vessel 41CP5_O NAGPRA 2012.1.159 (Caddo). More information on this vessel can be found here or by accessing the "Full Text" link above.


41cp5_O Nagpra 2012.1.125, Robert Selden 2015 Center for Regional Heritage Research, Stephen F. Austin State University

41cp5_O Nagpra 2012.1.125, Robert Selden

Robert Z. Selden Jr.

3D model of Turner Collection vessel 41CP5_O NAGPRA 2012.1.125 (Caddo). More information on this vessel can be found here or by accessing the "Full Text" link above.


41cp5_O Nagpra 2012.1.218, Robert Selden 2015 Center for Regional Heritage Research, Stephen F. Austin State University

41cp5_O Nagpra 2012.1.218, Robert Selden

Robert Z. Selden Jr.

3D model of Turner Collection vessel 41CP5_O NAGPRA 2012.1.218 (Caddo). More information on this vessel can be found here or by accessing the "Full Text" link above.


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