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Discourses Of "Cruelty-Free" Consumerism: Peta, The Vegan Society And Examples Of Contemporary Activism, Andrea Springirth 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Discourses Of "Cruelty-Free" Consumerism: Peta, The Vegan Society And Examples Of Contemporary Activism, Andrea Springirth

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This paper draws upon the principles of critical discourse analysis in order to examine the production of capitalist and consumerist discourses within contemporary nonhuman animal rights activism. The analysis presents evidence to suggest that the discourses being produced via the websites of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) and The Vegan Society are consistently being constructed through market-centric ideologies that treat activists mainly as middle-class consumers. This paper argues that the consistent presence of neoliberal discourse signals an instructive entanglement with broader sociopolitical issues. Specifically, there are concerns as to how this discourse relates to what is thought ...


Aboriginal Performance Cultures And Language Revitalization: Foundations, Discontinuities, And Possibilities, Remi Alie 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Aboriginal Performance Cultures And Language Revitalization: Foundations, Discontinuities, And Possibilities, Remi Alie

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

This paper address the question of how indigenous art and performance culture(s) can contribute to institutionalized language revitalization efforts in Canada, through their use of threatened indigenous languages. Drawing from a wide range of sources published between 1988 and 2014 by scholars, the Assembly of First Nations, departments and agencies of the Canadian government, and artistic practitioners, I illustrate the absence of performance from the available literature on language revitalization. By analyzing these documents thematically, I argue that a substantial shift occurred in the public discourse surrounding language revitalization between the 1980s and 1990s, and the mid- to late-2000s ...


A National Bilingual Education Policy For The Economic And Academic Empowerment Of Youth In St. Lucia, West Indies, Gabriella Bellegarde 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

A National Bilingual Education Policy For The Economic And Academic Empowerment Of Youth In St. Lucia, West Indies, Gabriella Bellegarde

Capstone Collection

This campaign portfolio argues the case for a national bilingual education policy on the island of St. Lucia, where youth speak both St Lucian Creole and St. Lucian standard English. The portfolio consists of a policy paper and brief, an advocacy plan, a communications plan, monitoring and evaluation plan. The Bilingual Education Taskforce (BET), made up of teachers, parents and principals, is an advocacy organization that discovered the need for a bilingual education intervention when they observed, assessed and analyzed the written work of struggling readers at their school, the Anse la Raye Infant School on the west coast of ...


Channeling The River: Using Positive Psychology To Prevent Cultural Helplessness, As Applied To African-American Law Students, Dwayne Allen Thomas 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Channeling The River: Using Positive Psychology To Prevent Cultural Helplessness, As Applied To African-American Law Students, Dwayne Allen Thomas

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Helplessness deficits are characterized by an organism’s failure to escape escapable situations after exposure to aversive stimuli. It has recently been learned that helplessness is the mammalian default protective response, and that it is subdued as mammals learn to control their environment. Human helplessness responses are mediated by our ability to think; explanations for adverse stimuli that tend toward the individual’s inability to control a stimulus can cause a person to exhibit helplessness deficits. This paper proposes a theory of cultural helplessness, positing that information and beliefs spread through cultural transmission can provide individuals with automatic explanations, which ...


The Price Of Cosmopolitanism: Globalization, Class Structure, And Language Endangerment In Shanghai, Fang Xu 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Price Of Cosmopolitanism: Globalization, Class Structure, And Language Endangerment In Shanghai, Fang Xu

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Over the last two decades, Shanghai has experienced an unprecedented transformation, as China’s economic globalization and urban expansion have increased rapidly. Looking beyond statistics and architectural spectacles, I examine a seemingly personal choice in Shanghai, speaking Putonghua Mandarin, the official language, or the Shanghai dialect. This study contextualizes the contested urban linguistic space, and illustrates the political, social, and cultural conditions in this China’s globalizing city.

Through archival research, fifty in-depth interviews, two hundred and fifty survey questionnaires, and ethnographic fieldwork in Shanghai in the fall and winter of 2013, I document the impact of three sets of ...


Oxford Dictionaries In Hot Water Over Rabid Feminist Example, Jillian Kestler-D'Amours 2016 Selected Works

Oxford Dictionaries In Hot Water Over Rabid Feminist Example, Jillian Kestler-D'Amours

Geralyne & Adrian

Canadian PhD student wants Oxford Dictionaries to explain ‘explicitly sexist’ usage examples employed for words like rabid, nagging, grating and more.


Front Matter Andean Past 12, 2016 The University of Maine

Front Matter Andean Past 12

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Obituaries Andean Past 12, Monica Barnes, A. Jorge Arellano-Lopez, Bill Sillar 2016 American Museum of Natural History

Obituaries Andean Past 12, Monica Barnes, A. Jorge Arellano-Lopez, Bill Sillar

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, 2016 The University of Maine

Table Of Contents

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Editor's Preface Andean Past 12, Monica Barnes 2016 American Museum of Natural History

Editor's Preface Andean Past 12, Monica Barnes

Andean Past

No abstract provided.


Accusatory And Exculpatory Moves In The Hunting For “Racists” Language Game, Adam Hodges 2015 Carnegie Mellon University

Accusatory And Exculpatory Moves In The Hunting For “Racists” Language Game, Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

Race talk in the US frequently singles out individuals as “racists,” positioning them as outliers in a society that has supposedly moved beyond race. However, this type of “language game” is premised upon a narrow understanding of racism that reduces it to individual bigotry while ignoring its systemic dimensions. This article examines the accusatory and exculpatory moves in this language game by analyzing three cases that received mainstream media attention. The analysis shows that the discursive moves ultimately work to reproduce dominant ideological assumptions, doing more to protect white privilege than to dismantle racism. This occurs even as speakers engage ...


Video Abstract: Accusatory And Exculpatory Moves In The Hunting For “Racists” Language Game, Adam Hodges 2015 Carnegie Mellon University

Video Abstract: Accusatory And Exculpatory Moves In The Hunting For “Racists” Language Game, Adam Hodges

Adam Hodges

Race talk in the US frequently singles out individuals as “racists,” positioning them as outliers in a society that has supposedly moved beyond race. However, this type of “language game” is premised upon a narrow understanding of racism that reduces it to individual bigotry while ignoring its systemic dimensions. This article examines the accusatory and exculpatory moves in this language game by analyzing three cases that received mainstream media attention. The analysis shows that the discursive moves ultimately work to reproduce dominant ideological assumptions, doing more to protect white privilege than to dismantle racism. This occurs even as speakers engage ...


Language, Culture And Spatial Cognition: Bringing Anthropology To The Table, Norbert Ross, Jeffrey T. Shenton, Werner Hertzog, Mike Kohut 2015 Vanderbilt University

Language, Culture And Spatial Cognition: Bringing Anthropology To The Table, Norbert Ross, Jeffrey T. Shenton, Werner Hertzog, Mike Kohut

Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication

Languages vary in their semantic partitioning of the world. This has led to speculation that language might shape basic cognitive processes. Spatial cognition has been an area of research in which linguistic relativity – the effect of language on thought – has both been proposed and rejected. Prior studies have been inconclusive, lacking experimental rigor or appropriate research design. Lacking detailed ethnographic knowledge as well as failing to pay attention to intralanguage variations, these studies often fall short of defining an appropriate concept of language, culture, and cognition. Our study constitutes the first research exploring (1) individuals speaking different languages yet living ...


Speech And Gesture In Classroom Interaction: A Case Study Of Angola And Portugal, Kerwin Livingstone 2015 Universidade do Porto

Speech And Gesture In Classroom Interaction: A Case Study Of Angola And Portugal, Kerwin Livingstone

Kerwin A. Livingstone

One of the principal reasons why human beings use language is to communicate. When they speak, however, they do not do so mechanically or robotically. There is usually a synergy between the speech act and certain parts of the body. As spoken utterances are produced, these body parts move, producing body actions that are visible, known as ‘visible bodily actions’. These visible bodily actions are done, using different body parts. The movement of the upper limbs are known as ‘gestures’. These gestures are more directly linked to speech. Regardless of their age, nationality, culture, background, or ethnicity, human beings gesture ...


Group Conversation M2-06: Transcription, Vann Corpus 1995, Robert E. Vann 2015 Western Michigan University

Group Conversation M2-06: Transcription, Vann Corpus 1995, Robert E. Vann

DARDOSIPCAT: Transcriptions

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Heritage Learner To Professional Interpreter: Who Are Deaf-Parented Interpreters And How Do They Achieve Professional Status?, Amy Williamson 2015 Western Oregon University

Heritage Learner To Professional Interpreter: Who Are Deaf-Parented Interpreters And How Do They Achieve Professional Status?, Amy Williamson

Master's of Arts in Interpreting Studies (MAIS) Theses

Individuals who have one or more deaf parent can be considered heritage learners of a signed language (Compton, 2014; Valdes, 2005). These individuals have had language brokering experiences (Napier, in press) before entering a formal program or attending any training to become an interpreter. Despite the experiences and skills they bring to the classroom and the profession of ASL/ English interpreting, deaf-parented interpreters anecdotally say that educational opportunities do not account for their specific needs and skill-set. The relationship between demographic characteristics of ASL/English interpreters who have one or more deaf parent, including their linguistic environments during formative years ...


Talking Back, With Reawakened Voices: Analyzing The Potential For Indigenous California Languages Coursework At California Polytechnic State University, Logan Cooper 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Talking Back, With Reawakened Voices: Analyzing The Potential For Indigenous California Languages Coursework At California Polytechnic State University, Logan Cooper

Ethnic Studies

The legacy of colonialism in the United States, including genocidal practices and cultural assimilation, has left Indigenous languages endangered. Native peoples, scholars, and activists have been working to revive and heal the languages of America’s first peoples, and the cultures those languages speak to, yet more work remains in the field of language revitalization. California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo currently does not offer any course specifically teaching or discussing Indigenous languages, even those of the Chumash people who know the San Luis Obispo area as their ancestral homelands.

By synthesizing revitalization and Indigenous activist literature with the ...


Thank You For Dying For Our Country: Commemorative Texts And Performances In Jerusalem, Chaim Noy 2015 University of South Florida

Thank You For Dying For Our Country: Commemorative Texts And Performances In Jerusalem, Chaim Noy

Chaim Noy

Combining ethnographic, semiotic, and performative approaches, this book examines texts and accompanying acts of writing of national commemoration. The commemorative visitor book is viewed as a mobilized stage, a communication medium, where visitors' public performances are presented, and where acts of participation are authored and composed. The study contextualizes the visitor book within the material and ideological environment where it is positioned and where it functions. The semiotics of commemoration are mirrored in the visitor book, which functions as a participatory platform that becomes an extension of the commemorative spaces in the museum. The study addresses tourists' and visitors' texts ...


Talking About Rape On A College Campus, Rachael L. Kaufman 2015 Student

Talking About Rape On A College Campus, Rachael L. Kaufman

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the past year, the issue of sexual assault on college campuses gained national attention, raising questions about how politicians, campus administrators, and students talk about sexual assault education and prevention. William and Mary has been no exception. In this thesis, I will discuss the various ways William and Mary students and administrators talk about sexual assault. In particular, I am interested in looking at a form of metalanguage--of language about language--that seems to surface in discussion of sexual assault. This metalanguage focuses on the relationship between language and social action, and the effectiveness or lack of effectiveness of talk ...


Presence-At-Hand, Eric Lyle Schultz 2015 Washington University in St Louis

Presence-At-Hand, Eric Lyle Schultz

Graduate School of Art Theses

Abstract

The writing that follows is intended to provide a theoretical framework for the motives behind my practice. The primary concerns addressed are the reception, transmission, and physical shape of knowledge. I will discuss a human condition that exists as a byproduct of both the legacy of representation as well as the innate biology of the brain. I will argue that as a society we are governed by the residue of an extreme logic, and that this condition places severe margins on our potential for creative solutions. I will propose that our ability to create meaning is stifled by the ...


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