Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Archaeological Anthropology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

12286 Full-Text Articles 2858 Authors 406415 Downloads 112 Institutions

All Articles in Archaeological Anthropology

Faceted Search

12286 full-text articles. Page 1 of 78.

Archaeology Of Void Spaces, Cory Look 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Archaeology Of Void Spaces, Cory Look

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The overall goal of this research is to evaluate the efficacy of pXRF for the identification of ancient activity areas at Pre-Columbian sites in Antigua that range across time periods, geographic regions, site types with a variety of features, and various states of preservation. These findings have important implications for identifying and reconstructing places full of human activity but void of material remains. A synthesis for an archaeology of void spaces requires the construction of new ways of testing anthrosols, and identifying elemental patterns that can be used to connect people with their places and objects. This research begins with ...


Correlating Ethnographic Data With Spatial Analysis Of Archaeological Sites: A Case Study From Ca-Ora-507 And The Aliso Creek Region, Matthew V. Stever 2017 California State University - San Bernardino

Correlating Ethnographic Data With Spatial Analysis Of Archaeological Sites: A Case Study From Ca-Ora-507 And The Aliso Creek Region, Matthew V. Stever

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Ethnographers in the early 20th century compiled notes and published reports and books concerning the cultures and life-ways of the California Indians. Among these are the Juaneño (Acjachemen) and Gabrielino (Tongva) peoples.

This study aimed to correlate ethnographic data with methods of spatial archaeology and GIS analysis to test if the privately owned resource collecting areas and tribal boundaries described in the ethnographies could be seen archaeologically. Centered on CA-ORA-507 (an ancient chert quarry), the study shows that the boundaries between these resource areas are culturally derived as well as a part of the greater pattern of sites on the ...


Investigation Into The Suspected Late Holocene Decline In Obsidian Use At Sites On Edwards Air Force Base, Richard Gerard Bark 2017 California State University - San Bernardino

Investigation Into The Suspected Late Holocene Decline In Obsidian Use At Sites On Edwards Air Force Base, Richard Gerard Bark

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Archaeological investigations at Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) have been ongoing for more than 40 years. Yet the findings from the vast majority of those efforts are available only as grey literature that is known only to a relative few. The primary purpose of this thesis was to investigate a late Holocene decline in obsidian frequency reported by researchers working in the Bissell Basin and Rosamond Dry Lake region of Edwards AFB near the turn of the 21st century. A secondary purpose of this thesis was to shine a light on an area of the western Mojave Desert that ...


Rocks And Residues: Rekindling The Past Microscopy Of Flint Flakes, Sean Deryck, Bruce Hardy 2017 Kenyon College

Rocks And Residues: Rekindling The Past Microscopy Of Flint Flakes, Sean Deryck, Bruce Hardy

Bruce Hardy

Exactly when and where humans gained control over fire has been an archaeological dispute for years. What is undisputed is how profound of an impact this discovery had on human evolution, influencing everything about how people lived. It provided protection and warmth, allowed for cooking, and likely changed social structures as a whole. Determining when this milestone was reached, and thus how exactly it impacted our past, requires a way to discern if fires were started incidentally, or opportunistically controlled. This can be done by examining the tools that would have been used to make the fires: strike-a-lights, or pieces ...


European Bog Bodies: From The Iron Age Peat Bog To The 21st Century, Samantha E. Brown 2017 University of Wyoming

European Bog Bodies: From The Iron Age Peat Bog To The 21st Century, Samantha E. Brown

Honors Theses AY 16/17

Well preserved bodies dating from the prehistoric era to the 19th century have been found across northwestern Europe; specifically, in the peat bogs of Ireland, Great Britain and Denmark. These discoveries were especially prevalent in the late 19th and early 20th centuries when mass peat extraction was at its height. Many of these finds have been dated to the Iron Age and have previously been attributed to patterns of ritual violence. This paper focuses on three finds from the Iron Age: Graubelle man, Tollund man, and the Weerdinge couple.

This project intends to exhibit the types of ...


Geochemical Sourcing Of The Laprele Mammoth Kill Site, Meghan M. Kent 7606010 2017 University of Wyoming

Geochemical Sourcing Of The Laprele Mammoth Kill Site, Meghan M. Kent 7606010

Honors Theses AY 16/17

Red ochre pigment, or the mineral hematite, is commonly recovered from Early Paleoindian sites in the American west. Although it is clear that early peoples in the New World were transporting pigments from place to place, the inability to date to determine ochre provenance has limited our understanding of the natural sources of ochre that were in use, as well as the distances over which ochre was transported. This work is a pilot study in sourcing of ochre from the La Prele Mammoth site, a 12,900 year old human occupation in Converse County, Wyoming. Excavations at this mammoth kill ...


The Anthropocene, Overview, scott w. schwartz 2017 CUNY Graduate Center

The Anthropocene, Overview, Scott W. Schwartz

Open Educational Resources

This presentation offers an overview of the developing concept of The Anthropocene -- a term coined to describe our current geological epoch, in which human impact on the planet will leave a permanent trace.


The Power Of Place: Colonization Of The Anglo-Saxon Landscape By Royal And Religious Ideologies, Samantha Leggett 2017 University of Cambridge

The Power Of Place: Colonization Of The Anglo-Saxon Landscape By Royal And Religious Ideologies, Samantha Leggett

Journal of Literary Onomastics

No abstract.


A Case Study In The Interdisciplinary: The Role Of Anthropology, Archaeology And History In Academia And Museums, Alexnadra A. Rosenberg 2017 College of William & Mary

A Case Study In The Interdisciplinary: The Role Of Anthropology, Archaeology And History In Academia And Museums, Alexnadra A. Rosenberg

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis will examine the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to anthropology, archaeology and history in both academic and museum settings. Using the “Lives Bound Together: Slavery at George Washington’s Mount Vernon” exhibit as a case study, the necessity of teaching from an interdisciplinary perspective at an undergraduate level, if not before is stressed. Specific attention is given to the subfield of archaeology, the role of oral histories and descendant communities in creating museum exhibitions and the ways in which the museum presents a historical narrative about a complex and emotionally charged topic to visitors who arrive with diverse ...


Wood Charcoal Analysis From Coan Hall (44nb11), Sierra Snively Roark 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Wood Charcoal Analysis From Coan Hall (44nb11), Sierra Snively Roark

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Addendum To Lawrence University Archaeological Report 8: Geophysical Survey Of Wisconsin Burial Site Bda-0047 Hauge Log Church, Dane County, Wisconsin, Lawrence University 2017 Lawrence University

Addendum To Lawrence University Archaeological Report 8: Geophysical Survey Of Wisconsin Burial Site Bda-0047 Hauge Log Church, Dane County, Wisconsin, Lawrence University

Archaeological Reports

No abstract provided.


Patterned Variation Of Early Woodland Waubesa Contracting Stem Projectile Points In Wisconsin, Michael G. Straskowski 2017 St. Cloud State University

Patterned Variation Of Early Woodland Waubesa Contracting Stem Projectile Points In Wisconsin, Michael G. Straskowski

Culminating Projects in Cultural Resource Management

The overall research goal is to examine the Waubesa Contracting Stem projectile points from three different regions to determine if there are any stylistic changes between three geographically defined concentrations. Identifying any statistical patterning of the blade and shoulder may be related to different social influences from the different geographical regions. The knowledge gained by identifying different styles of Waubesa Contracting Stem points could allow archaeologists to determine which of these three regions a point most likely came from if recovered outside of the core culture area.

The study of patterned variation in Waubesa Contracting Stem points could indicate the ...


Analysis Of Neanderthal Biodistance Using Non-Metric Features Of The Dentition, Michel C. Tchang 2017 St. Cloud State University

Analysis Of Neanderthal Biodistance Using Non-Metric Features Of The Dentition, Michel C. Tchang

Culminating Projects in Cultural Resource Management

The Neanderthals lived in small communities of hunters and gatherers and were present in a large geographical area extending from Portugal to Siberia. This expansive range implies that Neanderthals lived in a great diversity of climatic conditions. Paleoanthropologists agree, in their observations, that there are differences between European and Middle Eastern Neanderthals, and that this variation covers an east to west cline. Research based on mtDNA simulation has defined three subgroups, a Western subgroup, a Southern subgroup and an Eastern subgroup. This study of Neanderthal biodistance, based on non-metric features of the dentition, aims to address the dental character variability ...


Rock Art Management And Landscape Change: Mixed Field Assessment Techniques For Cultural Stone Decay, Kaelin M. Groom 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Rock Art Management And Landscape Change: Mixed Field Assessment Techniques For Cultural Stone Decay, Kaelin M. Groom

Theses and Dissertations

As tourism continues to grow as one of the world’s most ubiquitous markets, the development and promotion of non-invasive techniques for cultural stone decay analysis and landscape change are vital to establishing conditional base-lines to best aid cultural heritage management (CRM) efficacy. Using rock art as a medium, this dissertation presents three independent case studies employing the Rock Art Stability Index (RASI) and repeat photography to explore the merits of mixed rapid field assessment techniques in relation to CRM and heritage tourism. While rock art is only one example of irreplaceable world heritage resources, examining how they decay and ...


The Diet And Subsistence Methods Of The Maya: Their Health And Cultural Consequences From The Pre-Classic Era To Today, Rachel E. Watson 2017 Saint John Fisher College

The Diet And Subsistence Methods Of The Maya: Their Health And Cultural Consequences From The Pre-Classic Era To Today, Rachel E. Watson

Honors Undergraduate

The Maya, a once great civilization, seemingly vanished without an obvious reason, before the Spanish landed in the region. Some say that their downfall was a result of famine and inadequate nutrition. Surprisingly, most of the archaeological evidence surrounding the Classic Maya diet and subsistence methods indicates that they both adequately sustained the population to the point where there has been practically no change over hundreds of years. Change did not occur to the Maya diet or the classic subsistence methods until the late twentieth century when the tourism industry exploded in the area of the former Maya empire. The ...


Resource Scarcity And Monumental Architecture: Cost Signaling On Rapa Nui (Easter Island), Chile, Dylan Davis, Carl P. Lipo 2017 Binghamton University--SUNY

Resource Scarcity And Monumental Architecture: Cost Signaling On Rapa Nui (Easter Island), Chile, Dylan Davis, Carl P. Lipo

Research Days Student Posters

Costly signaling theory (CST) explains a variety of elaborate behavioral displays as a consequence of competition over resources when the risk of direct conflict is high. Within an archaeological context, monumental architecture is potentially explained as a facet of costly signaling between individuals and groups. On Rapa Nui, CST offers an explanation for the construction of labor-intensive monuments including massive statues (moai) and ceremonial platforms (ahu). Using hypotheses derived from CST and spatial data about the distribution of archaeological features, the degree to which CST accounts for the investment in prehistoric monumental architecture on Rapu Nui is evaluated.


Military Death And Burial Rituals, Maurice Ynclan 2017 Georgia State University

Military Death And Burial Rituals, Maurice Ynclan

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Typology And Analysis Of Ceramic Vessels And Pottery Shards Found At The Long Swamp Site: Lamar And Mary Folwer Holcomb Collection, Maxwell Mackenzie 2017 Georgia State University

Typology And Analysis Of Ceramic Vessels And Pottery Shards Found At The Long Swamp Site: Lamar And Mary Folwer Holcomb Collection, Maxwell Mackenzie

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Ceramic Roof Ornaments (Almenas) From Cihuatan, El Salvador: Contexts, Descriptions And Inferences From Other Sites, Marshall Joseph Becker 2017 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Ceramic Roof Ornaments (Almenas) From Cihuatan, El Salvador: Contexts, Descriptions And Inferences From Other Sites, Marshall Joseph Becker

Anthropology & Sociology

Discovery of dozens of broken ceramic roof ornaments (almenas) on the floor abutting the front (western) margin of an elite residence (Structure Q-1) at Cihuatan, El Salvador provides a new context for this category of artifacts. While relatively well-known from sites in the Valley of Mexico, elsewhere in Mesoamerica almenas have been documented only from a single Teotihuacan-style structure at the lowland Maya site of Tikal, one structure at Mayapan, and possibly at a few other sites in Yucatan. A preliminary program to reconstruct a portion of the many box-like almenasat Cihuatan, of a date much later than the one ...


Changes In Middle Holocene Shellfish Harvesting Practices: Evidence From Labouchere Bay (49-Pet-476), Southeast Alaska, Mark R. Williams 2017 University of New Mexico

Changes In Middle Holocene Shellfish Harvesting Practices: Evidence From Labouchere Bay (49-Pet-476), Southeast Alaska, Mark R. Williams

Anthropology Student Publications

This paper uses zooarchaeology and community paleoecology to interpret the invertebrate assemblage from a middle Holocene shell midden in Southeast Alaska. The composition of midden 13.3 at Labouchere Bay (AHRS# 49-PET-746), which was occupied between 6,500 and 2,500 calendar years before present, reflects changes in how the human inhabitants of the site interacted with intertidal shellfish communities. The amount of shellfish from soft substrate habitats (mudflats) did not change significantly over time, while the amount of shellfish from hard substrate habitats (rocky tide pools) declined. This trend in the relative abundance of these shellfish in the midden ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress