Ticcih Congress 2015, 2018 Selected Works
Ticcih Congress 2015, The International Committee For The Conservation Of The Industrial Heritage
The International Committee for the Conservation of the Industrial Heritage
No abstract provided.
Of Typicality And Predictive Distributions In Discriminant Function Analysis, 2018 Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
Of Typicality And Predictive Distributions In Discriminant Function Analysis, Lyle W. Konigsberg, Susan R. Frankenberg
Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints
While discriminant function analysis is an inherently Bayesian method, researchers attempting to estimate ancestry in human skeletal samples often follow discriminant function analysis with the calculation of frequentist-based typicalities for assigning group membership. Such an approach is problematic in that it fails to account for admixture and for variation in why individuals may be classified as outliers, or non-members of particular groups. This paper presents an argument and methodology for employing a fully Bayesian approach in discriminant function analysis applied to cases of ancestry estimation. The approach requires adding the calculation, or estimation, of predictive distributions as the final step ...
Survey And Insights Into Unmanned Aerial Vehicle-Based Detection And Documentation Of Clandestine Graves And Human Remains, 2018 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Mississippi State University
Survey And Insights Into Unmanned Aerial Vehicle-Based Detection And Documentation Of Clandestine Graves And Human Remains, Bryce Murray, Derek T. Anderson, Daniel J. Wescott, Robert Moorhead, Melissa F. Anderson
Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints
Numerous biological and archaeological studies have demonstrated the legitimacy of remote sensing in anthropology. Herein, focus is placed on detecting and documenting terrestrial clandestine graves and surface remains (CGSR) of humans using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), sensors and automatic processing algorithms. CGSR is a complex decision making under uncertainty problem that requires the identification and intelligent reasoning about direct evidence of human remains and their environmental fingerprints. As such, it is as much an engineering and geospatial problem as it is an anthropology problem. This article is a cross- disciplinary effort to survey existing work across disciplines and to provide ...
Open-Source Tools For Dense Facial Tissue Depth Mapping (Ftdm) Of Computed Tomography Models, 2018 School of World Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University
Open-Source Tools For Dense Facial Tissue Depth Mapping (Ftdm) Of Computed Tomography Models, Terrie Simmons-Ehrhardt, Catyana Falsetti, Anthony B. Falsetti, Christopher J. Ehrhardt
Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints
Computed tomography (CT) scans provide anthropologists with a resource to generate three- dimensional (3D) digital skeletal material to expand quantification methods and build more standardized reference collections. The ability to visualize and manipulate the bone and skin of the face simultaneously in a 3D digital environment introduces a new way for forensic facial approximation practitioners to access and study the face. Craniofacial relationships can be quantified with landmarks or with surface processing software that can quantify the geometric properties of the entire 3D facial surface. This paper describes tools for the generation of dense facial tissue depth maps (FTDMs) using ...
Rural Sense: Value, Heritage, And Sensory Landscapes: Developing A Design-Oriented Approach To Mapping For Healthier Landscapes, 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Rural Sense: Value, Heritage, And Sensory Landscapes: Developing A Design-Oriented Approach To Mapping For Healthier Landscapes, Judith Van Der Elst, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Lily Díaz-Kommonen
Anthropology Faculty Publications
Landscape design needs a novel value system centred on human experience of the landscape rather than simply on economic value. Design-oriented research allows us to shift the focus from mechanistic paradigms towards new sensemaking approaches that value both the sensual and the cognitive in human experience. To move in this direction, we investigate cultural and natural aspects of sensory experience in rural landscapes, arguing that: (1) rural (non-urban) regions offer diverse sensory experiences for optimising human health; and (2) spatial interconnectedness between rural and urban areas means that healthy rural regions are critical for urban development. Our key argument is ...
Nature, Place, And Story: Rethinking Historic Sites In Canada By Claire Campbell, 2018 York University
Nature, Place, And Story: Rethinking Historic Sites In Canada By Claire Campbell, Emma K. Morgan-Thorp
Review of Claire Campbell's Nature, Place, and Story: Rethinking Historic Sites in Canada.
Growing Up In Tell El-Amarna: An Examination Of Growth And Non-Specific Stress Indicators In New Kingdom Children., 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Growing Up In Tell El-Amarna: An Examination Of Growth And Non-Specific Stress Indicators In New Kingdom Children., Ashley Elizabeth Shidner
Theses and Dissertations
The health status of the subadult skeletal remains from the South Tombs Cemetery at Tell el-Amarna were assessed by examining fluctuations in childhood growth and rates of skeletal indicators of physiological stress within a biocultural framework. The long bone standardization method outlined by Goode et al. (1993) was used to compare the South Tombs cemetery’s cross-sectional growth data to subadult samples from other cemeteries during which major social, political, and economic changes were taking place. The comparative subadult samples included the HK43 cemetery from Hierakonpolis (Egypt), the African American Cemetery from Cedar Grove (Arkansas), and the St. Martin’s ...
Relational Identities And Other-Than-Human Agency In Archaeology, 2018 University of New Hampshire
Relational Identities And Other-Than-Human Agency In Archaeology, Eleanor Harrison-Buck, Julia A. Hendon
Gettysburg College Faculty Books
Relational Identities and Other-than-Human Agency in Archaeology explores the benefits and consequences of archaeological theorizing on and interpretation of the social agency of nonhumans as relational beings capable of producing change in the world. The volume cross-examines traditional understanding of agency and personhood, presenting a globally diverse set of case studies that cover a range of cultural, geographical, and historical contexts.
Agency (the ability to act) and personhood (the reciprocal qualities of relational beings) have traditionally been strictly assigned to humans. In case studies from Ghana to Australia to the British Isles and Mesoamerica, contributors to this volume demonstrate that ...
Heroes Of Indian Head Rock, 2018 Morehead State University
Heroes Of Indian Head Rock, Rick Duncan
Indian Head Rock Project
A series of posters created by Rick Duncan to commemorate the Heroes of Indian Head Rock in July of 2018.
Drone Photography Vs. Light Detection And Ranging (Lidar) Data - Which Source Is Best Utilized In 3-Dimensional Modeling Applications?, Austin Valentine
Student Scholarship & Creative Works
Drone Photography vs. Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) Data — Which Source is Best Utilized in 3-Dimensional Modeling Applications? is an evaluation essay comparing the analysis and modeling of both drone photography and LiDAR data. This paper gives a brief introduction into my choice of utilization between these two techniques, both of which were applied to 3-dimensional modeling of the Kincaid Mounds Archaeological site in southern Illinois. Thus, illustrating some of the advantages and disadvantages associated with both methods.
Automated Mound Detection Using Lidar And Object-Based Image Analysis In Beaufort County, Sc, 2018 Binghamton University--SUNY
Automated Mound Detection Using Lidar And Object-Based Image Analysis In Beaufort County, Sc, Carl P. Lipo, Matt Sanger, Dylan Davis
The study of prehistoric anthropogenic mounded features– earthen mounds, shell heaps, and shell rings – in the American Southeast is stymied by the spotty distribution of systematic surveys across the region. Many extant, yet unidentified, archaeological mound features continue to evade detection due to the heavily forested canopies that occupy large areas of the region, making pedestrian surveys difficult and preventing aerial observation. The use of object-based image analysis (OBIA) as a tool for analysing light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data, however, offers an inexpensive opportunity to address this challenge. Using publicly available LiDAR data from Beaufort County, South Carolina and ...
Say What?: Demystifying Discourse Analysis For Archaeology Students, 2018 Saint Mary's College of California
Say What?: Demystifying Discourse Analysis For Archaeology Students, Cynthia L. Van Gilder
Journal of Archaeology and Education
Most archaeology instructors are eager to have their students appreciate that the study of the past is relevant to the present. In fact, most current introductory textbooks include a section, however brief it may be, on the socio-politics of archaeology. These discussions are usually framed around how ideas about the past have been used to justify abuse (e.g., Nazi archaeology to support an Aryan homeland), or how the involvement of descendant communities in research is now considered best practice in the field (e.g., NAGPRA, community based archaeology). One of the most powerful tools for understanding how what we ...
Chocolate: A Brief Review Of Recent Research, 2018 West Chester University of Pennsylvania
Chocolate: A Brief Review Of Recent Research, Marshall Joseph Becker
Anthropology & Sociology
No abstract provided.
Seasonal Round Travel Routes And The Cost Of Mobility, 2018 California State University, San Bernardino
Seasonal Round Travel Routes And The Cost Of Mobility, Evan Mills
Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations
In 1985 a settlement and subsistence model of seasonal round mobility was proposed by Statistical Research, Inc. This model proposed four travel routes used by the Late Prehistoric Serrano to access the higher elevation village site known as Rock Camp to gather acorns and pinyon nuts in the fall. This research investigates the proposed routes, as well as an additional route, for energy efficiency and archaeological evidence of use in prehistory. Data collection involved using experimental methods designed to gather controlled physiological data for evaluating the efficiency of traveling each route. Archaeological sites present on the travel routes and within ...
Lost City Incorporated - Logan County, Kentucky (Sc 3225), 2018 Western Kentucky University
Lost City Incorporated - Logan County, Kentucky (Sc 3225), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives
MSS Finding Aids
Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3225. Waivers of notice of the first meeting of incorporators and subscribers, and of the board of directors, of Lost City Incorporated, an archaeological tourist site in Logan County, Kentucky. Includes a letter on company letterhead from one director to another thanking him for family Christmas gifts.
Community Through Consumption: The Role Of Food In African American Cultural Formation In The 18th Century Chesapeake, 2018 University of Massachusetts Boston
Community Through Consumption: The Role Of Food In African American Cultural Formation In The 18th Century Chesapeake, Alexandra Crowder
Graduate Masters Theses
Stratford Hall Plantation’s Oval Site was once a dynamic 18th-century farm quarter that was home to an enslaved community and overseer charged with growing Virginia’s cash crop: tobacco. No documentary evidence references the site, leaving archaeology as the only means to reconstruct the lives of the site’s inhabitants. This research uses the results of a macrobotanical analysis conducted on soil samples taken from an overseer’s basement and a dual purpose slave quarter/kitchen cellar at the Oval Site to understand what the site’s residents were eating and how the acquisition, production, processing, provisioning, and consumption ...
Forensic Science Methods Used In Analysis Of Excavations In Çatalhöyük, Turkey, 2018 San Jose State University
Forensic Science Methods Used In Analysis Of Excavations In Çatalhöyük, Turkey, Jacqueline Abad Santos
Themis: Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science
This paper will explore how forensic methodology helps archaeologists analyze excavation sites, specifically in Çatalhöyük, Turkey. Since the examination of an excavation site is similar to the examination of a crime scene, forensic science methods are valuable tools in determining past human lifestyles and historical occurrences. Like forensic scientists, archaeologists work with other scientific experts in order to support or deny hypotheses about artifacts and burials. For instance, biology, chemistry, and physical anthropology are key sciences that enable archaeologists to design theories on how ancient people lived out their daily lives; these sciences are especially useful when written records from ...
Representation Of The Human Musculature In The Bronze Age Aegean, 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Representation Of The Human Musculature In The Bronze Age Aegean, Emily R Brower
EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement
Bronze Age sculptures range from abstract to realistic, but how accurate are the realistic sculptures? To answer this question, it is useful to compare three pieces of artwork: Prince of Lilies from Knossos, Kouros from Palaikastro, and the Boxer Rhyta from Ayia Triadha to a musculature replica. These pieces originate from the Bronze Age in the Aegean. What this comparison will tell us is how much the ancient peoples were studying the human body, along with the reasons as to why these sculptures were portrayed with such realistic characteristics. To accomplish this goal this paper takes the artifacts background into ...
Utilizing Ground-Penetrating Radar In The Delineation And Cultural Resource Management Of Eroding Maine Coastal Shell Middens, Jacquelynn F. Miller
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Shell middens along the Maine coast archive up to 5000 years of cultural and climatic change, but the record is continually and rapidly lost to the sea through climate-driven coastal erosion and sea-level rise. These sites were constructed by the ancestors of Maine Tribes, and are composed of centimeters to meters of clam (Mya arenaria) and/or oyster (Crassostrea virginica) shells, other faunal remains, and cultural materials. Shell middens record human interaction with the environment and early coastal occupation and adaptation. The faunal remains reflect paleoenvironmental conditions and the distribution of extinct and extant forage-species along the western Gulf of ...
Climate Change And Threatened Heritage: Archaeology's Burden, 2018 CUNY Hunter College
Climate Change And Threatened Heritage: Archaeology's Burden, Barry R. Gordon
School of Arts & Sciences Theses
Climate change and archaeology are currently intertwined, as more and more archaeologists around the world must deal with the effects it causes on the sites they work on. Threatened cultural resource sites are being swept away at alarming rates, and excavation projects are becoming more and more like salvage digs.