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A New Method For Describing The Horizontal Electric Field Induced By A Lightning Strike Return Stroke, S L. Meredith, S K. Earles, Niescja E. Turner 2010 Trinity University

A New Method For Describing The Horizontal Electric Field Induced By A Lightning Strike Return Stroke, S L. Meredith, S K. Earles, Niescja E. Turner

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research

No abstract provided.


A New Method To Describe Image Theory For An Imperfect Conductor, S L. Meredith, S K. Earles, Niescja E. Turner 2010 Trinity University

A New Method To Describe Image Theory For An Imperfect Conductor, S L. Meredith, S K. Earles, Niescja E. Turner

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research

Problem statement: Modify the equations associated with image theory in order to account for perfect and imperfect conductors. Approach: A novel approach for describing the application of image theory for an imperfect conductive surface was presented. The method presented here purposely downplays the physics of how image theory was employed to account for a charge which is in the presence of an imperfect conductive surface. In turn, it adopted an approach which focused on the geometry that existed between the charged particle and surface ground. In doing so, the proposed method formulated a solution that had minimized the complexity of ...


The Horizontal Electric Field Induced By A Lightning Return Stroke, S L. Meredith, S K. Earles, Niescja E. Turner 2010 Trinity University

The Horizontal Electric Field Induced By A Lightning Return Stroke, S L. Meredith, S K. Earles, Niescja E. Turner

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research

Problem statement: Develop a new formula which describes the horizontal electric field induced by a lightning return stroke in contact with an imperfect conductive surface. Approach: A new method for describing the horizontal electric field induced by a lightning return stroke will be presented. The method presented here had utilized an approach which purposely downplayed the physics of how image theory was employed in the presence of an imperfect conductive surface. It did so by adopting a technique which had focused on the geometry that existed between the lightning channel and surface ground. In doing so, new expressions for surface ...


Synchrotron Radiation By Fast Fermions In Heavy-Ion Collisions, Kirill Tuchin 2010 Iowa State University

Synchrotron Radiation By Fast Fermions In Heavy-Ion Collisions, Kirill Tuchin

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We study the synchrotron radiation of gluons by fast quarks in strong magnetic field produced by colliding relativistic heavy ions. We argue that due to high electric conductivity of plasma, the magnetic field is almost constant during the entire plasma lifetime. We calculate the energy loss due to synchrotron radiation of gluons by fast quarks. We find that the typical energy loss per unit length for a light quark at the Large Hadron Collider is a few GeV per fm. This effect alone predicts quenching of jets with p⊥ up to about 20 GeV.We also show that the spin-flip ...


A Model For Predicting Extragalactic Jet Lifetimes, Daniel S. Spicer, Robert Bingham, Stephen O'Sullivan 2010 Drexel University

A Model For Predicting Extragalactic Jet Lifetimes, Daniel S. Spicer, Robert Bingham, Stephen O'Sullivan

Articles

Abstract. In this letter, we propose a model to explain the disintegration of ex- tragalactic jets and to predict the associated timescale. The model assumes that a jet is current and charge neutral as well as collimated at its source; however, the forward electron current gradually decays producing a magnetic field transverse to the direction of jet propagation. This growing transverse magnetic field eventually causes the jet to disintegrate.


Longitudinal Scaling Property Of The Charge Balance Function In Au + Au Collisions At √Snn= 200 Gev, B. I. Abelev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, A. V. Alakhverdyants, I. Alekseev, B. D. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G. S. Averichev, J. Balewski, L. S. Barnby, S. Bültmann, I. Koralt, D. Plyku 2010 Old Dominion University

Longitudinal Scaling Property Of The Charge Balance Function In Au + Au Collisions At √Snn= 200 Gev, B. I. Abelev, M. M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, A. V. Alakhverdyants, I. Alekseev, B. D. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G. S. Averichev, J. Balewski, L. S. Barnby, S. Bültmann, I. Koralt, D. Plyku

Physics Faculty Publications

We present measurements of the charge balance function, from the charged particles, for diverse pseudorapidity and transverse momentum ranges in Au + Au collisions at √sNN = 200 GeV using the STAR detector at RHIC. We observe that the balance function is boost-invariant within the pseudorapidity coverage [ − 1.3 , 1.3 ] . The balance function properly scaled by the width of the observed pseudorapidity window does not depend on the position or size of the pseudorapidity window. This scaling property also holds for particles in different transverse momentum ranges. In addition, we find that the width of the balance function decreases monotonically ...


The Magnetic Field Induced By A Lightning Strikes Indirect Effect Double Exponential Current Waveform, S L. Meredith, S K. Earles, I N. Kostanic, Niescja E. Turner 2010 Trinity University

The Magnetic Field Induced By A Lightning Strikes Indirect Effect Double Exponential Current Waveform, S L. Meredith, S K. Earles, I N. Kostanic, Niescja E. Turner

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research

Problem statement: Develop a new formula which describes the magnetic field induced by a lightning strike's indirect effect double exponential current waveform. Approach: A novel approach for developing a closed-form solution for the magnetic field from the indirect effect double exponential current waveform will be presented. In the literature, models typically employ the pulse waveform to derive the corresponding electromagnetic fields. However, given the Department of Defense (DoD) has incorporated the double exponential current waveform as part of their "Electromagnetic Environmental Effects Requirements For Systems", we felt it important to develop a solution for the magnetic field which utilized ...


Limit On Continuous Neutrino Emission From Neutron Stars, Itzhak Goldman, Shmuel Nussinov 2010 Afeka College of Engineering

Limit On Continuous Neutrino Emission From Neutron Stars, Itzhak Goldman, Shmuel Nussinov

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

The timing data of the binary pulsar PSR1913+16, are used to establish an upper limit on the rate of continuous neutrino emission from neutron stars. Neutrino emission from each of the neutron stars of the binary system, increases the star binding energy and thus translates to a decrease in their masses. This in turn implies an increase with time of the binary period. Using the pulsar data we obtain an upper limit on the allowed rate of mass reduction: vertical bar M vertical bar < 1.1 x 10(-12) yr(-1) M, where M is the total mass of the binary. This constrains exotic nuclear equations of state that predict continuous neutrino emissions. The limit applies also to other channels of energy loss, e. g. axion emission. Continued timing measurements of additional binary pulsars, should yield a stronger limit in the future.


The Afterglows Of Swift-Era Gamma-Ray Bursts. I. Comparing Pre-Swift And Swift-Era Long/Soft (Type Ii) Grb Optical Afterglows, D. A. Kann, S. Klose, B. Zhang, D. Malesani, E. Nakar, A. Pozanenko, A. C. Wilson, N. R. Butler, P. Jakobsson, S. Schulze, M. Andreev, L. A. Antonelli, I. F. Bikmaev, V. Biryukov, M. B¨ottcher, R. A. Burenin, J. M. Castro Cer´on, A. J. Castro-Tirado, G. Chincarini, B. E. Cobb, S. Covino, P. D’Avanzo, V. D’Elia, M. Della Valle, A. de Ugarte Postigo, Yu Efimov, P. Ferrero, D. Fugazza, D. Fugazza, J. P.U. Fynbo, M. Gålfalk, F. Grundahl, J. Gorosabel, S. Gupta, S. Guziy, B. Hafizov, J. Hjorth, K. Holhjem, M. Ibrahimov, M. Im, G. L. Israel, M. Je´linek, B. L. Jensen, R. Karimov, I. M. Khamitov, U. Kizilogˇlu, E. Klunko, P. Kuba´nek, A. S. Kutyrev, P. Laursen, A. J. Levan, F. Mannucci, C. M. Martin, A. Mescheryakov, N. Mirabal, J. P. Norris, J. -E. Ovaldsen, D. Paraficz, E. Pavlenko, S. Piranomonte, A. Rossi, V. Rumyantsev, R. Salinas, A. Sergeev, D. Sharapov, J. Sollerman, B. Stecklum, L. Stella, G. Tagliaferri, N. R. Tanvir, J. Telting, V. Testa, Adria Updike, A. Volnova, D. Watson, K. Wiersema, D. Xu 2010 Roger Williams University

The Afterglows Of Swift-Era Gamma-Ray Bursts. I. Comparing Pre-Swift And Swift-Era Long/Soft (Type Ii) Grb Optical Afterglows, D. A. Kann, S. Klose, B. Zhang, D. Malesani, E. Nakar, A. Pozanenko, A. C. Wilson, N. R. Butler, P. Jakobsson, S. Schulze, M. Andreev, L. A. Antonelli, I. F. Bikmaev, V. Biryukov, M. B¨Ottcher, R. A. Burenin, J. M. Castro Cer´On, A. J. Castro-Tirado, G. Chincarini, B. E. Cobb, S. Covino, P. D’Avanzo, V. D’Elia, M. Della Valle, A. De Ugarte Postigo, Yu Efimov, P. Ferrero, D. Fugazza, D. Fugazza, J. P.U. Fynbo, M. Gålfalk, F. Grundahl, J. Gorosabel, S. Gupta, S. Guziy, B. Hafizov, J. Hjorth, K. Holhjem, M. Ibrahimov, M. Im, G. L. Israel, M. Je´Linek, B. L. Jensen, R. Karimov, I. M. Khamitov, U. KizilogˇLu, E. Klunko, P. Kuba´Nek, A. S. Kutyrev, P. Laursen, A. J. Levan, F. Mannucci, C. M. Martin, A. Mescheryakov, N. Mirabal, J. P. Norris, J. -E. Ovaldsen, D. Paraficz, E. Pavlenko, S. Piranomonte, A. Rossi, V. Rumyantsev, R. Salinas, A. Sergeev, D. Sharapov, J. Sollerman, B. Stecklum, L. Stella, G. Tagliaferri, N. R. Tanvir, J. Telting, V. Testa, Adria Updike, A. Volnova, D. Watson, K. Wiersema, D. Xu

Arts & Sciences Faculty Publications

We have gathered optical photometry data from the literature on a large sample of Swift-era gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglows including GRBs up to 2009 September, for a total of 76 GRBs, and present an additional three pre-Swift GRBs not included in an earlier sample. Furthermore, we publish 840 additional new photometry data points on a total of 42 GRB afterglows, including large data sets for GRBs 050319, 050408, 050802, 050820A, 050922C, 060418, 080413A, and 080810. We analyzed the light curves of all GRBs in the sample and derived spectral energy distributions for the sample with the best data quality, allowing ...


Evidence For Supernova-Synthesized Dust From The Rising Afterglow Of Grb071025 At Z ∼ 5, Daniel A. Perley, J. S. Bloom, C. R. Klein, S. Covino, T. Minezaki, P. Wo´zniak, W. T. Vestrand, G. G. Williams, P. Milne, N. R. Butler, Adria Updike, T. Kr¨uhler, P. Afonso, A. Antonelli, L. Cowie, P. Ferrero, J. Greiner, D. H. Hartmann, Y. Kakazu, A. K¨upc¨u Yoldas¸, A. N. Morgan, P. A. Price, J. X. Prochaska, Y. Yoshii 2010 Roger Williams University

Evidence For Supernova-Synthesized Dust From The Rising Afterglow Of Grb071025 At Z ∼ 5, Daniel A. Perley, J. S. Bloom, C. R. Klein, S. Covino, T. Minezaki, P. Wo´Zniak, W. T. Vestrand, G. G. Williams, P. Milne, N. R. Butler, Adria Updike, T. Kr¨Uhler, P. Afonso, A. Antonelli, L. Cowie, P. Ferrero, J. Greiner, D. H. Hartmann, Y. Kakazu, A. K¨Upc¨U Yoldas¸, A. N. Morgan, P. A. Price, J. X. Prochaska, Y. Yoshii

Arts & Sciences Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


A Spitzer Search For Planetary-Mass Brown Dwarfs With Circumstellar Disks: Candidate Selection, Paul M. Harvey, Daniel T. Jaffe, Katelyn N. Allers, Michael Liu 2010 Bucknell University

A Spitzer Search For Planetary-Mass Brown Dwarfs With Circumstellar Disks: Candidate Selection, Paul M. Harvey, Daniel T. Jaffe, Katelyn N. Allers, Michael Liu

Faculty Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Physical And Dynamical Structure Of Serpens - Two Very Different Sub-(Proto)Clusters, A. Duarte-Cabral, G. A. Fuller, N. Peretto, J. Hatchell, Edwin F. Ladd, J. Buckle, J. Richer, S. F. Graves 2010 Bucknell University

The Physical And Dynamical Structure Of Serpens - Two Very Different Sub-(Proto)Clusters, A. Duarte-Cabral, G. A. Fuller, N. Peretto, J. Hatchell, Edwin F. Ladd, J. Buckle, J. Richer, S. F. Graves

Faculty Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Zeeman Effect In The Sobolev Approximation Ii. Radial Split Monopole Fields And The ‘Heartbeat’ Stokes V Profile., K. Gayley, Richard Ignace 2010 University of Iowa

The Zeeman Effect In The Sobolev Approximation Ii. Radial Split Monopole Fields And The ‘Heartbeat’ Stokes V Profile., K. Gayley, Richard Ignace

ETSU Faculty Works

We calculate the circularly polarized Stokes V(λ) profile for emission lines, formed in hot-star winds threaded with a weak radial magnetic field. For simplicity, the field is treated as a split monopole under the assumptions that it has been radially combed by the wind, and rotation is not playing a central role. Invoking the weak-field approximation, we find that the V(λ) profile has a characteristic “heartbeat” shape exhibiting multiple sign inversions, which might be mistaken for noise in the absence of theoretical guidance. We also conclude that there is a tendency for the V(λ) profile to integrate ...


Hard Photodisintegration Of A Proton Pair, I. Pomerantz, N. Bubis, K. Allada, A. Beck, B. L. Berman, W. Boeglin, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, K. Chirapatpimol, E. Cisbani 2010 Old Dominion University

Hard Photodisintegration Of A Proton Pair, I. Pomerantz, N. Bubis, K. Allada, A. Beck, B. L. Berman, W. Boeglin, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, K. Chirapatpimol, E. Cisbani

Physics Faculty Publications

We present a study of high energy photodisintegration of proton-pairs through the γ + 3He → p + p + n channel. Photon energies, , from 0.8 to 4.7 GeV were used in kinematics corresponding to a proton pair with high relative momentum and a neutron nearly at rest. The s−11 scaling of the cross section, as predicted by the constituent counting rule for two nucleon photodisintegration, was observed for the first time. The onset of the scaling is at a higher energy and the cross section is significantly lower than for deuteron (pn pair) photodisintegration. For below the ...


The Lisa Gravitational Wave Foreground: A Study Of Double White Dwarfs, Ashley J. Ruiter, Krzysztof Belczynski, Matthew Benacquista, Shane L. Larson, Gabriel Williams 2010 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

The Lisa Gravitational Wave Foreground: A Study Of Double White Dwarfs, Ashley J. Ruiter, Krzysztof Belczynski, Matthew Benacquista, Shane L. Larson, Gabriel Williams

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

Double white dwarfs (WDs) are expected to be a source of confusion-limited noise for the future gravitational wave observatory LISA. In a specific frequency range, this \"foreground noise\" is predicted to rise above the instrumental noise and hinder the detection of other types of signals, e.g., gravitational waves arising from stellar-mass objects inspiraling into massive black holes. In many previous studies, only detached populations of compact object binaries have been considered in estimating the LISA gravitational wave foreground signal. Here, we investigate the influence of compact object detached and Roche-Lobe overflow (RLOF) Galactic binaries on the shape and strength ...


Search For Gravitational Waves From Compact Binary Coalescence In Ligo And Virgo Data From S5 And Vsr1, Matthew Benacquista, Teviet Creighton, Mario C. Diaz, R. Grosso, J. Li, Soumya Mohanty, Soma Mukherjee, Volker Quetschke, M. Rakhmanov, Joseph D. Romano, Robert Stone, B. Vaishnav 2010 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Search For Gravitational Waves From Compact Binary Coalescence In Ligo And Virgo Data From S5 And Vsr1, Matthew Benacquista, Teviet Creighton, Mario C. Diaz, R. Grosso, J. Li, Soumya Mohanty, Soma Mukherjee, Volker Quetschke, M. Rakhmanov, Joseph D. Romano, Robert Stone, B. Vaishnav

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

We report the results of the first search for gravitational waves from compact binary coalescence using data from the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory and Virgo detectors. Five months of data were collected during the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory’s S5 and Virgo’s VSR1 science runs. The search focused on signals from binary mergers with a total mass between 2 and 35M⊙. No gravitational waves are identified. The cumulative 90%-confidence upper limits on the rate of compact binary coalescence are calculated for nonspinning binary neutron stars, black hole-neutron star systems, and binary black holes to be 8.7×10 ...


Search For Gravitational-Wave Inspiral Signals Associated With Short Gamma-Ray Bursts During Ligo's Fifth And Virgo's First Science Run, J. Abadie, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. Accadia, F. Acernese, R. Adhikari, P. Ajith, B. Allen, G. Allen, E. Amador Ceron, R. S. Amin, S. B. Anderson, W. G. Anderson, F. Antonucci, S. Aoudia, M. A. Arain, M. Araya, K. G. Arun, Y. Aso, S. Aston, P. Astone, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, S. Babak, P. Baker, G. Ballardin, S. Ballmer, D. Barker, F. Barone, B. Barr 2010 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Search For Gravitational-Wave Inspiral Signals Associated With Short Gamma-Ray Bursts During Ligo's Fifth And Virgo's First Science Run, J. Abadie, B. P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T. Accadia, F. Acernese, R. Adhikari, P. Ajith, B. Allen, G. Allen, E. Amador Ceron, R. S. Amin, S. B. Anderson, W. G. Anderson, F. Antonucci, S. Aoudia, M. A. Arain, M. Araya, K. G. Arun, Y. Aso, S. Aston, P. Astone, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, S. Babak, P. Baker, G. Ballardin, S. Ballmer, D. Barker, F. Barone, B. Barr

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

Progenitor scenarios for short gamma-ray bursts (short GRBs) include coalescenses of two neutron stars or a neutron star and black hole, which would necessarily be accompanied by the emission of strong gravitational waves. We present a search for these known gravitational-wave signatures in temporal and directional coincidence with 22 GRBs that had sufficient gravitational-wave data available in multiple instruments during LIGO's fifth science run, S5, and Virgo's first science run, VSR1. We find no statistically significant gravitational-wave candidates within a [ - 5, + 1)s window around the trigger time of any GRB. Using the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney U-test, we find no ...


Triplets Of Supermassive Black Holes: Astrophysics Gravitational Waves And Detection, Pau Amaro-Seoane, Alberto Sesana, Loren Hoffman, Matthew Benacquista, Christoph Eichhorn, Junichiro Makino, Rainer Spurzem 2010 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Triplets Of Supermassive Black Holes: Astrophysics Gravitational Waves And Detection, Pau Amaro-Seoane, Alberto Sesana, Loren Hoffman, Matthew Benacquista, Christoph Eichhorn, Junichiro Makino, Rainer Spurzem

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

Supermassive black holes (SMBHs) found in the centres of many galaxies are understood to play a fundamental, active role in the cosmological structure formation process. In hierarchical formation scenarios, SMBHs are expected to form binaries following the merger of their host galaxies. If these binaries do not coalesce before the merger with a third galaxy, the formation of a black hole triple system is possible. Numerical simulations of the dynamics of triples within galaxy cores exhibit phases of very high eccentricity (as high as e∼ 0.99). During these phases, intense bursts of gravitational radiation can be emitted at orbital ...


Unidirectional Nonlinear Pt -Symmetric Optical Structures, H. Ramezani, Tsampikos Kottos 2010 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Unidirectional Nonlinear Pt -Symmetric Optical Structures, H. Ramezani, Tsampikos Kottos

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

We show that nonlinear optical structures involving a balanced gain-loss profile can act as unidirectional optical valves. This is made possible by exploiting the interplay between the fundamental symmetries of parity (P) and time (T), with optical nonlinear effects. This unidirectional dynamics is specifically demonstrated for the case of an integrable PT-symmetric nonlinear system.


Globe Walk, Rob Snyder 2010 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Globe Walk, Rob Snyder

IPY STEM Polar Connections

A “Globe Walk” can be used as a demonstration or classroom activity to guide students toward a better understanding of the affects that Earth’s axial tilt, rotation on Earth’s axis, and orbital motion have on the angles of incidence of sunlight, the lengths of daytimes, and solar insolation.


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