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Patient And Faculty Perceptions On The Feasibilty Of A Student-Run Pro-Bono Back School For Uninsured Nevadans With Low Back Pain, Javier Ascanio-Pellon, Sofia Cruz, Lauren Liebert, Trevor Pacuk 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Patient And Faculty Perceptions On The Feasibilty Of A Student-Run Pro-Bono Back School For Uninsured Nevadans With Low Back Pain, Javier Ascanio-Pellon, Sofia Cruz, Lauren Liebert, Trevor Pacuk

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

A. Background of Knowledge: Nevada ranks 8th highest in uninsured population in the United States. People who are uninsured may be more affected by low back pain (LBP) than their insured counterparts. Volunteers in Medicine of Southern Nevada (VMSN), a non-profit organization, serves uninsured people in Nevada. VMSN partnered with UNLV Physical Therapy (UNLVPT) to provide a back-school for patients. UNLVPT proposed a service-learning model to provide both education and treatment for VMSN patients with LBP. B. Purpose: The purpose of this community-based research project is to create and implement a student-run pro-bono back-school for uninsured individuals with LBP in ...


The Effectiveness Of Implementing A Collegiate Dance Clinic At The University Of Nevada, Las Vegas, Quinn Williams, Kristin Allman, Matthew McArthur, Ryan Yim 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The Effectiveness Of Implementing A Collegiate Dance Clinic At The University Of Nevada, Las Vegas, Quinn Williams, Kristin Allman, Matthew Mcarthur, Ryan Yim

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Screenings are commonly employed in athletics to identify deficits in performance with the goal of providing interventions to decrease injury risk; however, their utilization is uncommon in collegiate dance programs. Therefore, the purpose of this service learning project was to address the needs of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) dance program through implementation of an injury screening and prevention clinic for collegiate-level dancers. Four second year Doctor of Physical Therapy students (SPTs) supervised by a clinical faculty member with dance medicine expertise researched, developed, and provided screenings to identify increased risk for dance-specific injuries, and education to decrease ...


Dosage, Mode, And Timing Of Acute Care Physical Therapy: A Scoping Review, Brendan Acosta, Bradley Goins 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Dosage, Mode, And Timing Of Acute Care Physical Therapy: A Scoping Review, Brendan Acosta, Bradley Goins

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Aims and Objectives: 1) To synthesize available evidence for mode, dosage, and timing of physical therapy in the acute care hospital setting. 2) To report the evidence about the effects of mode, dosage, and timing of physical therapy in the acute care hospital setting on LOS, associated costs, and PT-related outcomes. Background: Hospital based physical therapy quality depends on providing evidence-based interventions, however, the research regarding dosage, mode, and timing of physical therapy in the acute care hospital setting has not been synthesized for patient populations except for total joint arthroplasties or patients in the ICU. Design: A systematic search ...


Brain Volumes And Dual-Task Performance Correlates Among Individuals With Cognitive Impairment: A Retrospective Analysis, Jon Basterrechea, Daniel Krist, Caitlin Moreland, Morgan Wise 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Brain Volumes And Dual-Task Performance Correlates Among Individuals With Cognitive Impairment: A Retrospective Analysis, Jon Basterrechea, Daniel Krist, Caitlin Moreland, Morgan Wise

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Background: Cognitive impairment (CI) is a prevalent condition characterized by loss of brain volume and changes in cognition, motor function, and dual-tasking ability. Objective: To examine associations between brain volumes, dual task performance, and gait and balance in those with CI to elucidate the mechanisms underlying loss of function. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of medical records of patients with CI and compared brain volumes, dual task performance, and measures of gait and balance. Results: Greater cognitive function and combined dual task effect (DTE) is associated with smaller brain volumes. In contrast, greater motor DTE is associated with larger ...


Fall Prevention Service-Learning Project, Alexis Mansoor, Kendra Morrison, Jeremy Nordfelt, Cheng Yang Tu 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Fall Prevention Service-Learning Project, Alexis Mansoor, Kendra Morrison, Jeremy Nordfelt, Cheng Yang Tu

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Introduction: The purpose of this service-learning project was to: 1) reduce falls in the Las Vegas, Nevada community by implementing the Stepping On fall prevention program and 2) to investigate the effect of planning and implementing a service learning project (SLP) on physical therapy (PT) students’ education and professional development. Description: Under the supervision of our advisor, we planned and organized this SLP, became certified leaders of Stepping On, recruited and screened older adults using the STEADI fall risk screening tool, and facilitated the program at a local community hospital. We facilitated group discussion and instructed the exercises outlined in ...


Effects Of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation On Gait And Balance Post-Stroke, Leonard Ubalde, Jordon Jacklin, Peyton Hobson, Sara Wright-Avila 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Effects Of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation On Gait And Balance Post-Stroke, Leonard Ubalde, Jordon Jacklin, Peyton Hobson, Sara Wright-Avila

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Background: Non-invasive brain stimulation is effective in combination with traditional physical therapy to facilitate motor performance in patients who recently survived a stroke. Current literature has focused on transcranial direct current stimulation and transcranial magnetic stimulation efficacy for improving the completion of fine motor tasks in the upper extremities. However, there is a lack of current evidence regarding the efficacy of this therapy in the lower extremities. Objective: To measure the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on lower extremity clinical outcomes in patients who had a stroke including gait speed, functional reach, and balance. Methods: Randomized control trial in ...


Comparisons Of Patellar Bone Mineral Density Between Individuals With And Without Patellofemoral Pain, Chris Khuu, Allina Cummins, Steven Shepherd 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Comparisons Of Patellar Bone Mineral Density Between Individuals With And Without Patellofemoral Pain, Chris Khuu, Allina Cummins, Steven Shepherd

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Background: Although bone stress injuries have been reported in individuals with patellofemoral pain (PFP), especially within the lateral patella, it remains unclear whether persons with PFP exhibit altered patellar regional bone mineral density (BMD). The primary purpose of this study was to compare BMD of the patella (lateral, medial, and total regions) between individuals with and without PFP using quantitative computed tomography (QCT). The secondary aim was to examine the associations between patellar regional BMD and patellofemoral joint (PFJ) alignment. Methods: Ten individuals with retropatellar pain and 10 sex, age, weight, height, and activity matched pain-free controls underwent a QCT ...


Parental Perceptions Of Water Safety Among Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Amanda Casey Ph.D., Jennifer Blok, Katherine Vaughan, William O'Dwyer 2020 St. Francis Xavier University

Parental Perceptions Of Water Safety Among Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Amanda Casey Ph.D., Jennifer Blok, Katherine Vaughan, William O'Dwyer

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are twice as likely to die from unintentional drowning compared to same-age children without ASD emphasizing the importance of water-safety skills and knowledge. Yet little research has been published on perceptions of water safety for this population. The objective of the study was to investigate parental perceptions of water safety amongst children with ASD. An online questionnaire focusing on parental perceptions of water safety was distributed to parents of children with ASD associated with autism support groups across Canada. Forty-nine parents completed the self-report questionnaire with items related to demographics, swimming proficiency and lessons ...


Effectiveness Of Aerobic Exercise For Adults With Leukemia, Jalin Davis, Summer Hood, Alex Miller, Sam Stein, Kaylee Stem 2020 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Effectiveness Of Aerobic Exercise For Adults With Leukemia, Jalin Davis, Summer Hood, Alex Miller, Sam Stein, Kaylee Stem

Master of Occupational Therapy Student Critically Appraised Topics

We wanted to look at the most effective interventions for increasing strength and endurance in clients with Leukemia experiencing functional decline.


Medical Student Understanding Of The Pm&R Specialty, Disability, And Post-Acute Care, Stephanie Tow 2020 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Medical Student Understanding Of The Pm&R Specialty, Disability, And Post-Acute Care, Stephanie Tow

Research Days

No abstract provided.


The Partial Immersion Aquatic Approach Using Adjustable Weight Bearing To Improve Posture And Sitting Balance Adaptation For Children With Severe Cerebral Palsy, Niv Shelef 2020 Jerusalem Board of Education

The Partial Immersion Aquatic Approach Using Adjustable Weight Bearing To Improve Posture And Sitting Balance Adaptation For Children With Severe Cerebral Palsy, Niv Shelef

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

The innovative ‟Partial Immersion” Aquatic Therapy Approach was developed to enhance balance and posture during sitting adaptation for children with severe cerebral palsy who exhibit deficiency in those skills on land. Stable balance during sitting posture is one of the preconditions for hands function in activities of daily living. Aquatic skills learned during aquatic therapy were then transferred to a land environment. Therapy included the use of a treatment chair that enabled adjustable weight bearing in a series of 30 mm steps. A mixed-methods design employing a multiple case study approach (n=5) including quantitative and qualitative methods investigated the ...


Effect Of Sport-Specific Demands On Swimmer's Shoulder, Jordan A. Thielbar 2020 University of South Dakota

Effect Of Sport-Specific Demands On Swimmer's Shoulder, Jordan A. Thielbar

Honors Thesis

Swimming is a unique sport in that the shoulders generate most of the propulsive force. Therefore, due to the large amounts of repetitive force, the shoulders generate during freestyle, swimmer’s shoulder is the most common injury among competitive swimmers. Freestyle biomechanics, muscular imbalances and posture all play a pertinent role in a swimmer’s risk for developing a shoulder injury during their swimming career. Swimmers typically develop large muscular imbalances between their dominant and nondominant shoulders due to several sport-specific demands including freestyle stroke mechanics, breathing, and body roll. These muscular imbalances alter a swimmer’s posture and freestyle ...


Assessment Of Antebrachial And Carpal Muscle Activity During Smartphone Use: Is “Selfie Wrist” A Real Phenomenon?, Monica Stacy 2020 University of Mississippi

Assessment Of Antebrachial And Carpal Muscle Activity During Smartphone Use: Is “Selfie Wrist” A Real Phenomenon?, Monica Stacy

Honors Theses

Reports in the media by celebrities have sparked an interest in a phenomenon being called “selfie-wrist,” in which smartphone users develop symptoms traditionally associated with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). There has been no research to date which investigates the claims of “selfie wrist.” The primary aim of this study was to address the validity of “selfie wrist” claims. The secondary aim of this study was to further investigate the effects of texting on musculoskeletal health, taking into account the differences between texting one-handed versus two-handed, and the effect of using a grip device while texting.

The experiment consisted of an ...


Effect Of Active Isolated Stretching And Static Stretching On Vertical Jump Performance And Flexibility, Jennifer Garcia 2020 University of North Georgia

Effect Of Active Isolated Stretching And Static Stretching On Vertical Jump Performance And Flexibility, Jennifer Garcia

Honors Theses

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of AIS compared to static stretching on countermovement jump height production. Currently, only a few studies have conducted research on AIS and CMJ. None of which compared the differences in power production between static stretching and AIS. Most studies show 30 or 60-second holds per muscle group for static stretching. This study will utilize a static stretching and AIS protocol of 45 second hold per muscle group for a total stretch volume of 6 minutes, which meets the American College of Sports Medicine guidelines (ACSM, 2018).


Occupational Therapy’S Role With Ventricular Assist Devices And The Promotion Of Travel Protocols, Natasha Chandra, Linda Suplicki 2020 Boston University

Occupational Therapy’S Role With Ventricular Assist Devices And The Promotion Of Travel Protocols, Natasha Chandra, Linda Suplicki

The VAD Journal

An option for individuals diagnosed with end-stage heart failure is to receive a ventricular assist device (VAD). In 2006, Shepherd and Wilding produced an article regarding occupational therapy’s role during the VAD process as they anticipated a growing need for this area of practice. Since that time, there continues to be a lack of supporting literature on occupational therapy’s important role with this population. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to explain an occupational therapist’s contribution on the VAD team, offer opportunities and interventions for enhancing quality of life for this unique population, and discuss an ...


Reliability Of The Arch Height Index Tool As A Foot Measure In Children Ages 1-7 Years, Jessica White, Anna Rushing, Katie Durisek 2020 University of Dayton

Reliability Of The Arch Height Index Tool As A Foot Measure In Children Ages 1-7 Years, Jessica White, Anna Rushing, Katie Durisek

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Background/Purpose: An objective and reliable measure is needed to track longitudinal changes in the young child’s foot. The Arch Height Index (AHI) tool measures the arch height of a foot. There is one study investigating the reliability of the AHI tool in children ages 6-12 years. Currently, no studies have determined the reliability of the AHI tool in children younger than 6 years. The purpose of this study was to determine the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the AHI tool in daycare, preschool and early school-aged children as an objective foot measure.

Methods: Thirty-two children (13 males, 19 ...


Effects Of Extracurricular Physical Activity On Strength, Balance, Endurance And Quality Of Life On Children With Disabilities, Christy Lee, Alana Mathews, Kayla Ayers, Madison Weisbarth, Melissa Spurbeck 2020 University of Dayton

Effects Of Extracurricular Physical Activity On Strength, Balance, Endurance And Quality Of Life On Children With Disabilities, Christy Lee, Alana Mathews, Kayla Ayers, Madison Weisbarth, Melissa Spurbeck

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Background/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of extracurricular physical activity on strength, balance, endurance and quality of life on children with disabilities.

Methods: Eighteen children (10 males, 8 females) ranging in age from 11-18 years participated in a local inclusive kickball program. All children and their parents were aware that participation was voluntary and signed consent or assent forms. Diagnoses of the children included Down Syndrome, Asbergers, Expressive Language Delay and Developmental Delay. The children participated in 60 minute kickball sessions led by a program director, 1 time per week for 6 weeks. The ...


Frontal And Sagittal Plane Lower Extremity Mechanics During Single-Limb Squatting In Chronic Ankle Instability, David M. Werner, Kati Brubakken, Claire Grace, Mike Lawless, Aaron Lewis, Marc McCuen, Dennis Mirosh, Joaquin Alberto Barrios 2020 University of Dayton

Frontal And Sagittal Plane Lower Extremity Mechanics During Single-Limb Squatting In Chronic Ankle Instability, David M. Werner, Kati Brubakken, Claire Grace, Mike Lawless, Aaron Lewis, Marc Mccuen, Dennis Mirosh, Joaquin Alberto Barrios

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Background/Purpose: Chronic ankle instability is a common sequelae to the lateral ankle sprain. Individuals with CAI have a higher risk of developing osteoarthritis and reporting lower quality of life scores. Biomechanical variations have been observed in individuals with CAI during ambulation and landing. To the authors’ knowledge there are no studies investigating the biomechanical profile of the SLS in individuals with CAI. The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanics of the SLS in individuals with unilateral CAI. We hypothesized that inter-limb biomechanical differences would be observed in individuals with unilateral CAI.

Methods: Participants were recruited from ...


Effect Of Ankle-Foot Orthosis On Reactive Stepping In Healthy Young Adults: A Pilot Study, Kyra Twohy, Hunter Andrews, Ryan Christopher, Aaron Scott, Katie Valentine, Kurt Jackson 2020 University of Dayton

Effect Of Ankle-Foot Orthosis On Reactive Stepping In Healthy Young Adults: A Pilot Study, Kyra Twohy, Hunter Andrews, Ryan Christopher, Aaron Scott, Katie Valentine, Kurt Jackson

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Background/Purpose: Ankle-Foot orthoses (AFOs) are commonly used in individuals with neurologic disorders such as MS and stroke. However, a rigid style of AFO may impact an individual's ability to complete dynamic balance tasks especially reactive stepping movements in the instance of losing balance. The impact a rigid AFO has on reactive stepping has not been investigated. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the impact rigid AFOs have on reactive stepping preference in healthy young adults, thus providing preliminary data on healthy individuals’ stepping strategies that could be used for further research with more neurologically-involved populations ...


Scapular Acceleration During Upper Extremity Elevation In Healthy Individuals With And Without Scapular Dyskinesis, Joseph M. Day, Taylor Hunter, Kayla Eiben, Yitz Berger 2020 University of Dayton

Scapular Acceleration During Upper Extremity Elevation In Healthy Individuals With And Without Scapular Dyskinesis, Joseph M. Day, Taylor Hunter, Kayla Eiben, Yitz Berger

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Background/Purpose: Individuals with upper extremity pathology often present with altered scapular motion and muscle performance. There are few clinical tools that are capable of collecting specific and efficient data on alterations in scapular motion and even fewer studies have looked at variations in scapular acceleration. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of wireless accelerometers for detecting changes in acceleration in individuals with and without scapular dyskinesis.

Methods: Twenty-seven subjects, mean age 24 (SD1.49). Healthy subjects were visually screened for scapular dyskinesis. Subjects were positioned in a standardized standing posture and anatomical references ...


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