Estimating Variations In Metabolic Cost Within The Stride Cycle During Level And Uphill Walking, 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha
Estimating Variations In Metabolic Cost Within The Stride Cycle During Level And Uphill Walking, Arash Mohammadzadeh Gonabadi
Student Research and Creative Activity Fair
Indirect calorimetry provides the average cost of a stride cycle and prevents from identifying which part of the gait cycle causes increased metabolic cost in patients, however, recent simulation methods allow estimating the time profile of metabolic cost within the stride cycle. In this study, we compare the estimations of the time profile of the metabolic cost of two simulation methods for level and uphill walking. We used kinematic, kinetic and electromyography data from level and uphill walking (one participant) to estimate the time profiles of metabolic cost using the muscle-level metabolic model of Umberger using electromyography and kinematic data ...
No Play No Gain: Is Exercise As Medicine Too Bitter A Pill To Swallow?, 2019 Primal Play
No Play No Gain: Is Exercise As Medicine Too Bitter A Pill To Swallow?, Darryl Edwards
Journal of Evolution and Health
No abstract provided.
A 4-Week Multimodal Intervention For Individuals With Chronic Ankle Instability: Examination Of Disease-Oriented And Patient-Oriented Outcomes, Cameron J. Powden, Johanna M. Hoch, Beth E. Jamali, Matthew C. Hoch
Physical Therapy and Athletic Training Faculty Publications
Context Individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) experience disease- and patient-oriented impairments that contribute to both immediate and long-term health detriments. Investigators have demonstrated the ability of targeted interventions to improve these impairments. However, the combined effects of a multimodal intervention have not been evaluated for their effects on a multidimensional profile of health.
Objective To examine the effects of a 4-week rehabilitation program on disease- and patient-oriented impairments associated with CAI.
Design Controlled laboratory study.
Patients or Other Participants Twenty adults (5 males, 15 females; age = 24.35 ± 6.95 years, height = 169.29 ± 10.10 cm ...
Experiences Of Persons With Parkinson’S Disease Engaged In Group Therapeutic Singing, 2018 Iowa State University
Experiences Of Persons With Parkinson’S Disease Engaged In Group Therapeutic Singing, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Tera R. Hurt, Margaret C. Shirley, Randie D. Camp, Chrishelda W. Green, Jenna C. Pattee, Ebony Williams
Elizabeth L. Stegemoller
Background Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that leads to altered neural control of movement, including the control of voice, respiration, and swallowing. There is a prevalent need to provide therapy for voice, respiration, and swallowing difficulties because current pharmacological and surgical treatments do not effectively treat these impairments. Previous research has demonstrated that singing may be a treatment option to target voice, respiratory, and swallowing impairments, as well as quality of life. However, participants’ perspectives related to reasons for enrolling and engaging in programs as well as evaluation of singing programs have been neglected.
Objective The ...
Changes In Sedentary Time Are Associated With Changes In Mental Wellbeing Over 1 Year In Young Adults, 2018 Iowa State University
Changes In Sedentary Time Are Associated With Changes In Mental Wellbeing Over 1 Year In Young Adults, Laura D. Ellingson, Jacob Meyer, Robin P. Shook, Philip M. Dixon, Gregory A. Hand, Michael D. Wirth, Amanda E. Paluch, Stephanie Burgess, James R. Hebert, Steven N. Blair
Excessive sedentary time is related to poor mental health. However, much of the current literature uses crosssectional data and/or self-reported sedentary time, and does not assess factors such as sedentary bout length. To address these limitations, the influence of objectively measured sedentary time including sedentary bout length (i.e. < 30 min, ≥30 min) on mood, stress, and sleep, was assessed in 271 healthy adults (49% women; age 27.8 ± 3.7) across a 1-year period between 2011 and 2013 in Columbia, SC. Participants completed the Profile of Mood States and the Perceived Stress Scale, and wore a Sensewear Armband to assess sedentary time, physical activity, and sleep for ten days at baseline and one year. A series of fixed-effects regressions was used to determine the influence of both baseline levels and changes in daily sedentary time (total and in bouts) and physical activity on changes in mood, stress, and sleep over one year. Results showed that across the year, decreases in total sedentary time, and time in both short and long bouts, were associated with improvements in mood, stress and sleep (p < 0.05). Increases in physical activity were only significantly predictive of increases in sleep duration (p < 0.05). Thus, reductions in sedentary time, regardless of bout length, positively influenced mental wellbeing. Specifically, these results suggest that decreasing daily sedentary time by 60 min may significantly attenuate the negative effects of high levels of pre-existing sedentary time on mental wellbeing. Interventions manipulating sedentary behavior are needed to determine a causal link with wellbeing and further inform recommendations.
The Efficacy Of Equine Assisted Therapy In The Treatment Of Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2018 University of Maine
The Efficacy Of Equine Assisted Therapy In The Treatment Of Autism Spectrum Disorders, Amy Hofmann
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
This study examines the effects of equine-assisted psychotherapies in children with an autism spectrum disorder. The CARS-2 and Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire parent-report questionnaires were used for evaluation, as well open-ended questions. A single researcher contacted and visited many PATH-certified centers in the United States. Facilities that participated were all located in the Mid-Atlantic to Northeast region. There were 16 participants, from 11 different farms, that completed both the initial and follow-up questionnaires which were given 7 weeks apart. A $25 Amazon gift card was used as an incentive to increase participation. Participating facilities also completed a questionnaire.
Body Based Meditative And Mindfulness Practices For Veterans With Combat Related Ptsd, 2018 Lesley University
Body Based Meditative And Mindfulness Practices For Veterans With Combat Related Ptsd, Jessica Steurer
Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses
This literature review investigates and examines how body based meditative and mindfulness practices can be an effective treatment method for Veterans with symptoms of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Yoga Therapy and other Expressive Therapy modalities (Art, Music) have developed evidenced-based practices and supporting research for this treatment area. Dance Movement Therapy (DMT) has shown effectiveness when treating conditions Veterans often present with such as combat-related PTSD, Substance Abuse, Anxiety, and Stress. DMT is a modality that focuses on the integration of the mind and body. Veterans benefit from body-based practices because they help to focus on the present moment while ...
Tai Chi For Reducing Dual-Task Gait Variability, A Potential Mediator Of Fall Risk In Parkinson's Disease: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial, Gloria Vergara-Diaz, Kamila Osypiuk, Jeffrey M. Hausdorff, Paolo Bonato, Brian J. Gow, Jose Gv. Miranda, Lewis R. Sudarsky, Daniel Tarsy, Michael D. Fox, Paula Gardiner, Cathi A. Thomas, Eric A. Macklin, Peter M. Wayne
Center for Integrated Primary Care Publications
Objectives: To assess the feasibility and inform design features of a fully powered randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluating the effects of Tai Chi (TC) in Parkinson's disease (PD) and to select outcomes most responsive to TC assessed during off-medication states.
Design: Two-arm, wait-list controlled RCT.
Settings: Tertiary care hospital.
Subjects: Thirty-two subjects aged 40-75 diagnosed with idiopathic PD within 10 years.
Interventions: Six-month TC intervention added to usual care (UC) versus UC alone.
Outcome Measures: Primary outcomes were feasibility-related (recruitment rate, adherence, and compliance). Change in dual-task (DT) gait stride-time variability (STV) from baseline to 6 months was defined ...
Just Wrestle: How We Evolved Through Rough And Tumble Play, 2018 Evolve Move Play
Just Wrestle: How We Evolved Through Rough And Tumble Play, Rafe Kelley, Beth Kelley
Journal of Evolution and Health
No abstract provided.
Dancing, Mindfulness, And Our Emotions: Embracing The Mind, Body, And Sole, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Dancing, Mindfulness, And Our Emotions: Embracing The Mind, Body, And Sole, Alisha M. Collins
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This capstone project examines dance, as an intervention and mindfulness practice that assists with managing our emotions. There is a need for dance therapy in social institutions such as, healthcare facilities, schools, and community centers. Dance therapy has the potential to reduce negative emotions, create mindfulness, improve self-expression, and promote a healthy well-being. I am proposing that dance therapy is applied as a regular practice in social institutions to develop mindfulness and promote emotional stability.
In this study, I argue that dance therapy can contribute to our well-being long term. In addition to this written thesis, a visual component of ...
Rhythmic Movements And Feeling States, 2018 Lesley University
Rhythmic Movements And Feeling States, Melanie Johnson
Expressive Therapies Dissertations
This study was conducted to test the validity of a theoretical framework in developmental psychology of body movement analysis, the Kestenberg Movement Profile (KMP). Motor patterns associated with needs and foundations for affect expression, the tension flow rhythms (TFRs), were examined. Recent research examined the validity of the TFRs in nonclinical adults and found preliminary support for some of the KMP’s assumptions associating smooth (indulging) rhythms with indulgent affects and sharp (fighting) movements with assertive or aggressive affects. This study aimed to test the TFRs associated with the first two years of development—the sucking, biting, twisting, and strain ...
Relationship Between Injury And Spirituality In Pilgrims On The Camino De Santiago, 2018 College of William and Mary
Relationship Between Injury And Spirituality In Pilgrims On The Camino De Santiago, Katelyn Rennyson
Undergraduate Honors Theses
The purpose of this research was to determine whether there is a relationship between spirituality and the likelihood of injury and the impact of that injury on pilgrims walking along the Camino de Santiago. The Camino de Santiago is an ancient, 791 km Christian pilgrimage route along the north of Spain from the French Pyrenees to Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, Spain. A total of 418 participants aged 18-80 were recruited along the Camino, and through social media, from May 15 to August 20, 2017. Participants on the walk completed a ten minute survey with questions pertaining to general demographics ...
Integrating Mindfulness Training In School Health Education To Promote Healthy Behaviors In Adolescents: Feasibility And Preliminary Effects On Exercise And Dietary Habits, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Susan Druker, Christine F. Frisard, Shira I. Dunsiger, Sybil L. Crawford, Florence Meleo-Meyer, Beth Bock, Lori Pbert
Open Access Articles
Whether mindfulness training (MT) could improve healthy behaviors is unknown. This study sought to determine feasibility and acceptability of integrating MT into school-based health education (primary outcomes) and to explore its possible effects on healthy behaviors (exploratory outcomes). Two high schools in Massachusetts (2014-2015) were randomized to health education plus MT (HE-MT) (one session/week for 8weeks) or to health education plus attention control (HE-AC). Dietary habits (24-h dietary recalls) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA/7-day recalls) were assessed at baseline, end of treatment (EOT), and 6months thereafter. Quantile regression and linear mixed models were used, respectively, to estimate effects ...
Imagine A World …, 2018 Medical College of Wisconsin
Imagine A World …, David A. Nelson
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
The author and issue editor introduces the second half of Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews’ two-part series on health disparities and inequities in the United States. The chasm between an ideal health care system and the current reality may appear vast, and closing it insurmountable at times, but acknowledging and working to address the many health conditions that disproportionately affect specific patient populations is one step health providers and researchers can take toward closing the gap.
In-Home Delivery Of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy Via Virtual Reality Gaming, 2018 College of St. Scholastica
In-Home Delivery Of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy Via Virtual Reality Gaming, Alexandra L. Borstad, Roger Crawfis, Kala Phillips, Linda Pax Lowes, David Maung, Ryan Mcpherson, Amelia Siles, Lise Worthen-Chaudhari, Lynne V. Gauthier
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Purpose: People with chronic hemiparesis are frequently dissatisfied with the recovery of their hand and arm, yet many lack access to effective treatments. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CI therapy) effectively increases arm function and spontaneous use in persons with chronic hemiparesis. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and measure safety and outcomes of an in-home model of delivering CI therapy using a custom, avatar-based virtual reality game.
Methods: Seventeen individuals with chronic hemiparesis participated in this pretest/posttest quasi-experimental design study. The 10-day intervention had three components: 1) high-repetition motor practice using virtual reality gaming; 2) constraint ...
Effects Of Classroom Based Yoga On Gross Motor Skills And Self-Regulation In Preschool Aged Children With Developmental Delays, Danielle Chymurzynski, Gregory Deppas, Lindsey Krempa, Margaret Vanderhoof
Academic Festival Posters
The Center for Disease Control estimates that in the United States, 1 in 6 children, aged 3 to 17 years old, are diagnosed with one or more developmental disability. These disabilities often require a variety of therapies, such as Physical Therapy, to address a wide range of limitations and restrictions. Many families seek adjunct interventions to complement typical treatment approaches, although there is a lack of research surrounding many of these alternative interventions. Yoga is a complementary intervention, which is becoming increasingly more accepted and researched. Yoga has proposed benefits in adult and pediatric populations on mental, emotional, physical, and ...
The Psychological And Physiological Effect Of Performing The Primal Reflex Release Technique On Female, Division I Collegiate Athletes, Erika K. Vichcales
Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers
Anxiety is a cognitive, behavioral, and physiological reaction to stress, and athletes have an increased risk being in a high-stress environment. One of the effects of increased stress on the body is a condition known as central sensitization (CS) where the central nervous system amplifies sensory input across many organ systems causing a pain response in normally non-painful areas or hypersensitivity to stimuli. The Primal Reflex Release Technique (PRRT) is a manual-therapy approach for evaluating and relieving musculoskeletal pain in patients, and is meant to facilitate a “neural reboot” of a hyper-aroused nervous system. The purpose of this study is ...
Evaluation Of A Community-Based Program That Integrates Joyful Movement Into Fall Prevention For Older Adults, Celeste Carlucci, Julie Kardachi, Sara M. Bradley, Jason Prager, Katarzyna Wyka, Nimali Jayasinghe
School of Health Sciences Publications and Research
No abstract provided.
Student Readiness: Examining The Impact Of A University Outdoor Orientation Program, 2018 Old Dominion University
Student Readiness: Examining The Impact Of A University Outdoor Orientation Program, Eddie Hill, Timothy Posey, Edwin Gómez, Stephen L. Shapiro
Human Movement Sciences Faculty Publications
This study examined the impact of a university outdoor orientation program on participants’ transition to higher education. Researchers focused on participants’ experiences during the program, utilizing a mixed-methods approach to measure resilience and well-being. Pre- and posttest instruments consisted of two pre-established scales and a series of open-ended questions, which were administered during a 4-day university outdoor orientation program. Findings indicated significant improvement of resilience and well-being in participants through outdoor orientation program involvement. Additionally, direct content analysis identified major themes related to resilience, well-being, and readiness for college.
Structured Dance Routines As An Effective Form Of Supplementary Treatment For The Symptoms Of Parkinson's Disease, 2018 University of Northern Iowa
Structured Dance Routines As An Effective Form Of Supplementary Treatment For The Symptoms Of Parkinson's Disease, Kate Bergin
Honors Program Theses
I chose to examine the effects of different styles of dance on individuals with Parkinson’s disease for of two reasons. The first being that I have a passion for dance. It has been a part of my life since I was five years old, and over the years it has brought me a lot of joy and allowed me to express my creativity. The second reason is that in the past I had heard that dance could be used as a form of therapy for various motor disorders, and I found that fascinating. I wanted to know which styles ...