Changes In Sedentary Time Are Associated With Changes In Mental Wellbeing Over 1 Year In Young Adults, 2018 Iowa State University
Changes In Sedentary Time Are Associated With Changes In Mental Wellbeing Over 1 Year In Young Adults, Laura D. Ellingson, Jacob Meyer, Robin P. Shook, Philip M. Dixon, Gregory A. Hand, Michael D. Wirth, Amanda E. Paluch, Stephanie Burgess, James R. Hebert, Steven N. Blair
Excessive sedentary time is related to poor mental health. However, much of the current literature uses crosssectional data and/or self-reported sedentary time, and does not assess factors such as sedentary bout length. To address these limitations, the influence of objectively measured sedentary time including sedentary bout length (i.e. < 30 min, ≥30 min) on mood, stress, and sleep, was assessed in 271 healthy adults (49% women; age 27.8 ± 3.7) across a 1-year period between 2011 and 2013 in Columbia, SC. Participants completed the Profile of Mood States and the Perceived Stress Scale, and wore a Sensewear Armband to assess sedentary time, physical activity, and sleep for ten days at baseline and one year. A series of fixed-effects regressions was used to determine the influence of both baseline levels and changes in daily sedentary time (total and in bouts) and physical activity on changes in mood, stress, and sleep over one year. Results showed that across the year, decreases in total sedentary time, and time in both short and long bouts, were associated with improvements in mood, stress and sleep (p < 0.05). Increases in physical activity were only significantly predictive of increases in sleep duration (p < 0.05). Thus, reductions in sedentary time, regardless of bout length, positively influenced mental wellbeing. Specifically, these results suggest that decreasing daily sedentary time by 60 min may significantly attenuate the negative effects of high levels of pre-existing sedentary time on mental wellbeing. Interventions manipulating sedentary behavior are needed to determine a causal link with wellbeing and further inform recommendations.
Body Based Meditative And Mindfulness Practices For Veterans With Combat Related Ptsd, 2018 Lesley University
Body Based Meditative And Mindfulness Practices For Veterans With Combat Related Ptsd, Jessica Steurer
Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses
This literature review investigates and examines how body based meditative and mindfulness practices can be an effective treatment method for Veterans with symptoms of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Yoga Therapy and other Expressive Therapy modalities (Art, Music) have developed evidenced-based practices and supporting research for this treatment area. Dance Movement Therapy (DMT) has shown effectiveness when treating conditions Veterans often present with such as combat-related PTSD, Substance Abuse, Anxiety, and Stress. DMT is a modality that focuses on the integration of the mind and body. Veterans benefit from body-based practices because they help to focus on the present moment while ...
Just Wrestle: How We Evolved Through Rough And Tumble Play, 2018 Evolve Move Play
Just Wrestle: How We Evolved Through Rough And Tumble Play, Rafe Kelley, Beth Kelley
Journal of Evolution and Health
No abstract provided.
Dancing, Mindfulness, And Our Emotions: Embracing The Mind, Body, And Sole, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Dancing, Mindfulness, And Our Emotions: Embracing The Mind, Body, And Sole, Alisha M. Collins
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This capstone project examines dance, as an intervention and mindfulness practice that assists with managing our emotions. There is a need for dance therapy in social institutions such as, healthcare facilities, schools, and community centers. Dance therapy has the potential to reduce negative emotions, create mindfulness, improve self-expression, and promote a healthy well-being. I am proposing that dance therapy is applied as a regular practice in social institutions to develop mindfulness and promote emotional stability.
In this study, I argue that dance therapy can contribute to our well-being long term. In addition to this written thesis, a visual component of ...
Rhythmic Movements And Feeling States, 2018 Lesley University
Rhythmic Movements And Feeling States, Melanie Johnson
Expressive Therapies Dissertations
This study was conducted to test the validity of a theoretical framework in developmental psychology of body movement analysis, the Kestenberg Movement Profile (KMP). Motor patterns associated with needs and foundations for affect expression, the tension flow rhythms (TFRs), were examined. Recent research examined the validity of the TFRs in nonclinical adults and found preliminary support for some of the KMP’s assumptions associating smooth (indulging) rhythms with indulgent affects and sharp (fighting) movements with assertive or aggressive affects. This study aimed to test the TFRs associated with the first two years of development—the sucking, biting, twisting, and strain ...
Relationship Between Injury And Spirituality In Pilgrims On The Camino De Santiago, 2018 College of William and Mary
Relationship Between Injury And Spirituality In Pilgrims On The Camino De Santiago, Katelyn Rennyson
Undergraduate Honors Theses
The purpose of this research was to determine whether there is a relationship between spirituality and the likelihood of injury and the impact of that injury on pilgrims walking along the Camino de Santiago. The Camino de Santiago is an ancient, 791 km Christian pilgrimage route along the north of Spain from the French Pyrenees to Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, Spain. A total of 418 participants aged 18-80 were recruited along the Camino, and through social media, from May 15 to August 20, 2017. Participants on the walk completed a ten minute survey with questions pertaining to general demographics ...
Integrating Mindfulness Training In School Health Education To Promote Healthy Behaviors In Adolescents: Feasibility And Preliminary Effects On Exercise And Dietary Habits, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Susan Druker, Christine F. Frisard, Shira I. Dunsiger, Sybil L. Crawford, Florence Meleo-Meyer, Beth Bock, Lori Pbert
Open Access Articles
Whether mindfulness training (MT) could improve healthy behaviors is unknown. This study sought to determine feasibility and acceptability of integrating MT into school-based health education (primary outcomes) and to explore its possible effects on healthy behaviors (exploratory outcomes). Two high schools in Massachusetts (2014-2015) were randomized to health education plus MT (HE-MT) (one session/week for 8weeks) or to health education plus attention control (HE-AC). Dietary habits (24-h dietary recalls) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA/7-day recalls) were assessed at baseline, end of treatment (EOT), and 6months thereafter. Quantile regression and linear mixed models were used, respectively, to estimate effects ...
In-Home Delivery Of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy Via Virtual Reality Gaming, 2018 College of St. Scholastica
In-Home Delivery Of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy Via Virtual Reality Gaming, Alexandra L. Borstad, Roger Crawfis, Kala Phillips, Linda Pax Lowes, David Maung, Ryan Mcpherson, Amelia Siles, Lise Worthen-Chaudhari, Lynne V. Gauthier
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Purpose: People with chronic hemiparesis are frequently dissatisfied with the recovery of their hand and arm, yet many lack access to effective treatments. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CI therapy) effectively increases arm function and spontaneous use in persons with chronic hemiparesis. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and measure safety and outcomes of an in-home model of delivering CI therapy using a custom, avatar-based virtual reality game.
Methods: Seventeen individuals with chronic hemiparesis participated in this pretest/posttest quasi-experimental design study. The 10-day intervention had three components: 1) high-repetition motor practice using virtual reality gaming; 2) constraint ...
Imagine A World …, 2018 Medical College of Wisconsin
Imagine A World …, David A. Nelson
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
The author and issue editor introduces the second half of Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews’ two-part series on health disparities and inequities in the United States. The chasm between an ideal health care system and the current reality may appear vast, and closing it insurmountable at times, but acknowledging and working to address the many health conditions that disproportionately affect specific patient populations is one step health providers and researchers can take toward closing the gap.
The Psychological And Physiological Effect Of Performing The Primal Reflex Release Technique On Female, Division I Collegiate Athletes, Erika K. Vichcales
Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers
Anxiety is a cognitive, behavioral, and physiological reaction to stress, and athletes have an increased risk being in a high-stress environment. One of the effects of increased stress on the body is a condition known as central sensitization (CS) where the central nervous system amplifies sensory input across many organ systems causing a pain response in normally non-painful areas or hypersensitivity to stimuli. The Primal Reflex Release Technique (PRRT) is a manual-therapy approach for evaluating and relieving musculoskeletal pain in patients, and is meant to facilitate a “neural reboot” of a hyper-aroused nervous system. The purpose of this study is ...
Effects Of Classroom Based Yoga On Gross Motor Skills And Self-Regulation In Preschool Aged Children With Developmental Delays, Danielle Chymurzynski, Gregory Deppas, Lindsey Krempa, Margaret Vanderhoof
Academic Festival Posters
The Center for Disease Control estimates that in the United States, 1 in 6 children, aged 3 to 17 years old, are diagnosed with one or more developmental disability. These disabilities often require a variety of therapies, such as Physical Therapy, to address a wide range of limitations and restrictions. Many families seek adjunct interventions to complement typical treatment approaches, although there is a lack of research surrounding many of these alternative interventions. Yoga is a complementary intervention, which is becoming increasingly more accepted and researched. Yoga has proposed benefits in adult and pediatric populations on mental, emotional, physical, and ...
Student Readiness: Examining The Impact Of A University Outdoor Orientation Program, 2018 Old Dominion University
Student Readiness: Examining The Impact Of A University Outdoor Orientation Program, Eddie Hill, Timothy Posey, Edwin Gómez, Stephen L. Shapiro
Human Movement Sciences Faculty Publications
This study examined the impact of a university outdoor orientation program on participants’ transition to higher education. Researchers focused on participants’ experiences during the program, utilizing a mixed-methods approach to measure resilience and well-being. Pre- and posttest instruments consisted of two pre-established scales and a series of open-ended questions, which were administered during a 4-day university outdoor orientation program. Findings indicated significant improvement of resilience and well-being in participants through outdoor orientation program involvement. Additionally, direct content analysis identified major themes related to resilience, well-being, and readiness for college.
Structured Dance Routines As An Effective Form Of Supplementary Treatment For The Symptoms Of Parkinson's Disease, 2018 University of Northern Iowa
Structured Dance Routines As An Effective Form Of Supplementary Treatment For The Symptoms Of Parkinson's Disease, Kate Bergin
Honors Program Theses
I chose to examine the effects of different styles of dance on individuals with Parkinson’s disease for of two reasons. The first being that I have a passion for dance. It has been a part of my life since I was five years old, and over the years it has brought me a lot of joy and allowed me to express my creativity. The second reason is that in the past I had heard that dance could be used as a form of therapy for various motor disorders, and I found that fascinating. I wanted to know which styles ...
Evaluation Of A Community-Based Program That Integrates Joyful Movement Into Fall Prevention For Older Adults, Celeste Carlucci, Julie Kardachi, Sara M. Bradley, Jason Prager, Katarzyna Wyka, Nimali Jayasinghe
School of Health Sciences Publications and Research
No abstract provided.
The Effect Of Yoga And Breathing Exercises On Children With Autism, 2018 The University of Akron
The Effect Of Yoga And Breathing Exercises On Children With Autism, Leah Brausch
Honors Research Projects
The purpose of this case study was to determine the effects of yoga and breathing exercises on children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Common characteristics of children with ASD were noted and observed throughout the study in order to determine effectiveness of the therapy at hand. Yoga therapy was implemented for nine (9) weeks through an at-home program. It was determined that, while long-term effects were not evident, there is reasonable evidence to implement yoga therapy to assist with focus and attention. This paper serves to review characteristics of children with ASD, typical therapies used to assist them and the ...
The Effect Of Yoga In Reducing Pain Related To Arthritis: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, 2018 The University of Akron
The Effect Of Yoga In Reducing Pain Related To Arthritis: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Meredith Collins, Corinne Reed
Honors Research Projects
Research shows that arthritis is the most common cause of disability in the United States (Middleton et al., 2013). The PICOT question for this systematic review of literature is “In adults over the age of 40 years, how do yoga interventions, compared to pharmacological pain relief methods alone, affect arthritic pain intensity and frequency?” This systematic review will discuss the possible benefits of using yoga as treatment for both rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. The methods for this review included a comprehensive search yielding nineteen credible studies using the databases Search-A-Roo, Google Scholar, and CINAHL Plus for full-text academic journal articles ...
Impact Of Men's Shed On Social Participation And Health Outcomes, 2017 Western Michigan University
Impact Of Men's Shed On Social Participation And Health Outcomes, Joshua Grimmer
This paper will explore the concept of a community-based organization, known as a Men’s Shed. The purpose of the research is to determine the positive impacts the North Belfast Men’s Shed has on social participation and overall health outcomes. The key factors observed in this study were the safe environment, camaraderie, social acceptance, and variety of activities the shed offers. The study included a sample of 11 men primarily over the age of 60. At the time of the study, all of the men were retired or unemployed and came from diverse occupational backgrounds. A set of semi-structure ...
Effects Of Lower Extremity Aerobic Exercise And Conditioned Pain Modulation On Evoked Shoulder Pain, 2017 East Tennessee State University
Effects Of Lower Extremity Aerobic Exercise And Conditioned Pain Modulation On Evoked Shoulder Pain, Logan Lumpkins, Craig Wassinger
Undergraduate Honors Theses
Background: Emerging evidence suggests that aerobic exercise and conditioned pain modulation may be advocated in treating patients with musculoskeletal pain. The effects of lower extremity aerobic exercise and conditioned pain modulation on evoked shoulder pain are not known.
Purpose: To determine the acute effects of lower extremity aerobic exercise and conditioned pain modulation on outcomes of evoked shoulder pain from pain pressure threshold measurements.
Study Design: Repeated measures.
Methods: Thirty (30) healthy volunteers were tested over the course of two sessions. Session 1 consisted of collecting pain pressure threshold measurements over the infraspinatus before and immediately following a conditioned pain ...
To Heal, Escape: Using Theatre Arts To Promote Holistic Health In The Clinical Setting, 2017 Liberty University
To Heal, Escape: Using Theatre Arts To Promote Holistic Health In The Clinical Setting, John Filegar
Senior Honors Theses
The purpose of this thesis is to provide an argument for the implementation of theatre arts therapy in the clinical setting. The effects of traditional art therapies involving visual arts, expressive arts, and music on the holistic health of the patient in the clinical setting have been thoroughly researched and understood. However, the extent of the influence of theatre arts therapy on the holistic health of individuals in the clinical setting lacks sufficient evidence and therefore cannot be compared to the influence of traditional art therapies on the holistic health of individuals in the same setting. Following an overview on ...
A Pilot Study Of The Effects Of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction On Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms And Brain Response To Traumatic Reminders Of Combat In Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom Combat Veterans With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, 2017 Emory University
A Pilot Study Of The Effects Of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction On Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms And Brain Response To Traumatic Reminders Of Combat In Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom Combat Veterans With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, James Douglas Bremner, Sanskriti Mishra, Carolina Campanella, Majid Shah, Nicole Kasher, Sarah Evans, Negar Fani, Amit Jasvant Shah, Collin Reiff, Lori L. Davis, Viola Vaccarino, James F. Carmody
Open Access Articles
OBJECTIVE: Brain imaging studies in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have implicated a circuitry of brain regions including the medial prefrontal cortex, amygdala, hippocampus, parietal cortex, and insula. Pharmacological treatment studies have shown a reversal of medial prefrontal deficits in response to traumatic reminders. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a promising non-pharmacologic approach to the treatment of anxiety and pain disorders. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of MBSR on PTSD symptoms and brain response to traumatic reminders measured with positron-emission tomography (PET) in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) combat veterans with ...