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Using Mobile Augmented Reality To Enhance Health Professional Practice Education, Bernie M. Garrett, Joseph Anthony, Cathryn Jackson 2018 University of British Columbia

Using Mobile Augmented Reality To Enhance Health Professional Practice Education, Bernie M. Garrett, Joseph Anthony, Cathryn Jackson

Current Issues in Emerging eLearning

The use of augmented reality (AR) as a new multimedia networking technology is increasing. An investigation was made of the value of using AR as a tool to support the teaching of clinical practice skills. A series of mobile AR resources were created for use on tablet computers and smartphones to supplement clinical skills teaching in the laboratory (using image recognition), and clinical practice (using geolocation). Undergraduate students in nursing, physiotherapy, and occupational therapy tested these resources in lab sessions, a location-based campus exercise, and during clinical practice experiences. Following this, a post-exposure web survey and focus group interviews were ...


Chronic Ankle Instability And Hip Muscle Function: A Systematic Review, Lindsay Carroll 2018 Duquesne University

Chronic Ankle Instability And Hip Muscle Function: A Systematic Review, Lindsay Carroll

Graduate Student Research Symposium

Purpose/background

The connection between hip strength and knee function is widely accepted in rehabilitation. The beginnings of evidence supporting a connection between the hip and ankle in people with chronic ankle instability (CAI) causes clinicians to question how the hip and the ankle may interact in this population. The purpose of this review is to provide a cohesive summary of the current available evidence examining hip muscle function in people with chronic ankle instability so that clinicians are better able to treat these patients.

Methods

An electronic search of PubMed was performed to locate studies published in peer-reviewed journals ...


Health And Human Rights Of Syrian Women And Children Refugees: Trafficking, Resettlement, And The United Nations Convention On Refugees Revisited, Lori Maria Walton PhD, DPT, MPH(s), CLT 2018 University of Sharjah

Health And Human Rights Of Syrian Women And Children Refugees: Trafficking, Resettlement, And The United Nations Convention On Refugees Revisited, Lori Maria Walton Phd, Dpt, Mph(S), Clt

Online Journal of Health Ethics

In 2016, there were approximately 22.5 million refugees displaced outside their home country because of armed conflict, over half of whom are minors. Syria reported the highest number, with over eleven million refugees displaced, both internally and externally, from zones of conflict in 2017. Over five million Syrian refugees, between the years 2011 and 2017, have fled to other countries including: Lebanon (1.1 million), Jordan (660,000), Egypt (122,000), Turkey (2.9 million) and Iraq (241,000). Exposure to war, displacement, and violence deprives women and children of the basic right to health, including the “right to ...


Supplemental Training And Injury Prevention In The Sport Of Ultra-Running, Jessica M. Heidebrink 2018 Liberty University

Supplemental Training And Injury Prevention In The Sport Of Ultra-Running, Jessica M. Heidebrink

Senior Honors Theses

By definition, ultra-marathon running is a sport that covers any distance above the 26.2-mile marathon distance in a single race. The mountains of Virginia host many ultra-marathon races that attract endurance runners from all over the nation to participate. Training is an essential component of running an ultra. Although there is not one specific way to train for an ultra, there is research that correlates the success of the top ultra-runners and their training preferences regarding supplemental training and injury prevention. To gain a more complete understanding of how to prepare for a successful ultra-marathon, an online survey was ...


Measuring Physiological Responses To Sensation In Typical Adults, Sarah Button, Kristen Christensen, Emily Minor 2018 Dominican University of California

Measuring Physiological Responses To Sensation In Typical Adults, Sarah Button, Kristen Christensen, Emily Minor

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

Objective: Sensory processing issues can have a large negative impact on the ability to participate in daily occupations such as ADLs, access to work, school and leisure environments, and social interactions (Dunn, 2001). The evidence documenting sensory processing issues in adults is sparse. Physiological information can be used as objective evidence to support the claim that those with over-responsivity to sensations are experiencing their environment differently than the typical population. Understanding more about sensory processing in adults may lead to increased recognition of the problem and more opportunities for intervention to increase occupational participation. The purpose of this quantitative study ...


Surgical Reconstruction Vs. Conservative Rehabilitation Of Isolated Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Relevance To Long-Term Function And Return To Sport, Tristan S. Malin 2018 University of New Mexico

Surgical Reconstruction Vs. Conservative Rehabilitation Of Isolated Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Relevance To Long-Term Function And Return To Sport, Tristan S. Malin

Doctor of Physical Therapy Capstones

Abstract

Background: While isolated posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries are fairly common amongst athletes, there is still no established rule as to how to best treat such an injury, and indeed there is much controversy on whether such and injury should be treated surgically or conservatively with physical therapy.

Case Description: The patient who was the inspiration for this research was a young male athlete who presented with knee pain and instability after a fall during a soccer game. He wished to proceed conservatively as long as such a course of treatment would afford the ability to return to sport ...


Comparación Evaluativa De La Preparación E Implementación De Fisioterapia Entre Los Estados Unidos Y Los Países Seleccionados De América Del Sur, Dylan Young Vazquez 2018 Carroll College

Comparación Evaluativa De La Preparación E Implementación De Fisioterapia Entre Los Estados Unidos Y Los Países Seleccionados De América Del Sur, Dylan Young Vazquez

Languages and Literature Undergraduate Student Works

The research for this comparative analysis explores the differences in the field of physical therapy between the United States and various countries in South America to compare and evaluate the forms of preparation and implementation of care, to formulate recommendations within areas for further research to be pursued. The United States and South American countries have starkly different economic, social, and political backgrounds which impact the way in which physical therapy is administered and received. This allows for comparisons to be made between each respective model of physical therapy, creating a running dialog on how these programs can improve and ...


Application Of The Mckenzie System Of Mechanical Diagnosis And Therapy In Patients With Shoulder Disorders, Afshin Heidar Abady 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Application Of The Mckenzie System Of Mechanical Diagnosis And Therapy In Patients With Shoulder Disorders, Afshin Heidar Abady

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Shoulder pain is one of the leading causes of referrals to physiotherapy clinics. The annual prevalence of shoulder complaints is about 100 to 160 per 1000 patients in general population. Complexity of shoulder joint, and lack of uniformity of diagnostic labeling commonly used in clinical practice, makes it difficult to make a precise diagnosis. In addition, issues with reliability and validity exist for the shoulder Orthopedic Special Tests (OSTs), making accurate diagnoses challenging.

The primary aim of this thesis was to investigate usefulness of the McKenzie system of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) in classifying and treating patients with shoulder ...


Evaluating The Impact Of A Falls Prevention Community Of Practice In A Residential Aged Care Setting: A Realist Approach, J Francis-Coad, C Etherton-Beer, C Bulsara, N Blackburn, P Chivers, A Hill 2018 The University of Notre Dame Australia

Evaluating The Impact Of A Falls Prevention Community Of Practice In A Residential Aged Care Setting: A Realist Approach, J Francis-Coad, C Etherton-Beer, C Bulsara, N Blackburn, P Chivers, A Hill

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Background: Falls are a major socio-economic problem among residential aged care (RAC) populations resulting in high rates of injury including hip fracture. Guidelines recommend that multifactorial prevention strategies are implemented but these require translation into clinical practice. A community of practice (CoP) was selected as a suitable model to support translation of the best available evidence into practice, as it could bring together likeminded people with falls expertise and local clinical knowledge providing a social learning opportunity in the pursuit of a common goal; falls prevention. The aims of this study were to evaluate the impact of a falls prevention ...


Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation Techniques For Chronic Pain, Neil E. O'Connell, Louise Marston, Sally Spencer, Lorraine H. DeSouza, Benedict M. Wand 2018 The University of Notre Dame Australia

Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation Techniques For Chronic Pain, Neil E. O'Connell, Louise Marston, Sally Spencer, Lorraine H. Desouza, Benedict M. Wand

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Stimulating the brain without surgery in the management of chronic pain in adults

Bottom line: There is a lack of high-quality evidence to support or refute the effectiveness of non-invasive brain stimulation techniques for chronic pain.

Background: Electrical stimulation of the brain has been used to address a variety of painful conditions. Various devices are available that can electrically stimulate the brain without the need for surgery or any invasive treatment. There are five main treatment types: repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in which the brain is stimulated by a coil applied to the scalp, cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) in ...


Is Heavy Eccentric Calf Training Superior To Wait-And-See, Sham Rehabilitation, Traditional Physiotherapy And Other Exercise Interventions For Pain And Function In Mid-Portion Achilles Tendinopathy?, Myles Murphy, Mervyn Travers, William Gibson 2018 The University of Notre Dame Australia

Is Heavy Eccentric Calf Training Superior To Wait-And-See, Sham Rehabilitation, Traditional Physiotherapy And Other Exercise Interventions For Pain And Function In Mid-Portion Achilles Tendinopathy?, Myles Murphy, Mervyn Travers, William Gibson

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Background: Mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is prevalent amongst athletic and non-athletic populations with pain, stiffness and impaired function typically reported. While different management options exist, loading protocols remain the best available intervention and have been shown to be effective in the management of AT. Trials investigating loading in AT have used a variety of different protocols, and recent narrative reviews suggest that no protocol is superior to another when comparing outcomes in pain and function. However, there has been no systematic review or meta-analysis completed to determine this. Furthermore, the narrative review did not consider wait-and-see or sham interventions, thus ...


An Objective Measure For The Assessment And Management Of Fluid Shifts In Acute Major Burns, Pippa Kenworthy, Michael Phillips, Tiffany L. Grisbrook, William Gibson, Fiona M. Wood, Dale W. Edgar 2018 The University of Notre Dame Australia

An Objective Measure For The Assessment And Management Of Fluid Shifts In Acute Major Burns, Pippa Kenworthy, Michael Phillips, Tiffany L. Grisbrook, William Gibson, Fiona M. Wood, Dale W. Edgar

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Background: Major burns are life threatening. Fluid resuscitation is required for survival to maintain intravascular volumes and prevent hypovolemic shock. Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) has been recognised as a potential method of monitoring fluid shifts after burn and in other disease states. The aims of this study were to examine the reliability of BIS across different dressing conditions and electrode positions, establish the influence of Acticoat™ on BIS variable measures and determine the validity of whole-body BIS to assess net fluid shift in the presence of moderate to major burns.

Methods: An observational longitudinal cohort study was conducted from December 2014 ...


Critically Appraised Paper: Preoperative Physiotherapy Education Halved Postoperative Pulmonary Complications In Patients After Upper Abdominal Surgery [Commentary], Shane Patman 2018 The University of Notre Dame Australia

Critically Appraised Paper: Preoperative Physiotherapy Education Halved Postoperative Pulmonary Complications In Patients After Upper Abdominal Surgery [Commentary], Shane Patman

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

No abstract available for this paper.


Trunk Muscle Activity During Drop Jump Performance In Adolescent Athletes With Back Pain, T. Palsson, J. Caneiro, R. Hirata, D. Griffin, William Gibson, Mervyn Travers 2018 The University of Notre Dame Australia

Trunk Muscle Activity During Drop Jump Performance In Adolescent Athletes With Back Pain, T. Palsson, J. Caneiro, R. Hirata, D. Griffin, William Gibson, Mervyn Travers

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

It was with great interest we read the recently published article “Trunk Muscle Activity during Drop Jump Performance in Adolescent Athletes with Back Pain.” Investigating back pain (BP) in adolescents is commendable as there is growing evidence that for many, an experience of BP as early as 14 years of age may relate to ongoing pain in adulthood (Coenen et al., 2017). Indeed, the conventional narrative is changing as individual physical factors such as posture, use of schoolbags, and hypermobility are only weakly associated with adolescent BP. Rather, factors which predict BP at a young age are considered to be ...


Evaluating The Impact Of Operating A Falls Prevention Community Of Practice On Falls In A Residential Aged Care Setting, Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Terry Haines, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Debbie Nobre, Anne-Marie Hill 2018 The University of Notre Dame Australia

Evaluating The Impact Of Operating A Falls Prevention Community Of Practice On Falls In A Residential Aged Care Setting, Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Terry Haines, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Debbie Nobre, Anne-Marie Hill

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Background/Purpose: Falls are a leading adverse event in residential aged care (RAC) settings with prevention a global aim. The purpose of this study was to determine whether operating a falls prevention community of practice (CoP) delivering evidence-based prevention interventions could change the rate of falls and injurious falls in a RAC setting.

Methods: A prospective quasi-experimental pre/post design was conducted. Participants were 13 RAC sites (779 beds) of a single RAC organization, with 20 multidisciplinary staff volunteering as CoP members.

Results: Falls rates pre CoP were 10.1/1,000 occupied bed days (OBD) compared with 10.9 ...


Evaluation Of Older People's Knowledge, Awareness, Motivation And Perceptions About Falls And Falls Prevention In Residential Aged Care Homes: A Tale Of Two Cities, Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Tessa Watts, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Gerwyn Panes, Howard Griffiths, Michelle Anderson, Tracy Williams, Beth Griffiths, Debbie Nobre, Anne-Marie Hill 2018 The University of Notre Dame Australia

Evaluation Of Older People's Knowledge, Awareness, Motivation And Perceptions About Falls And Falls Prevention In Residential Aged Care Homes: A Tale Of Two Cities, Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Tessa Watts, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Gerwyn Panes, Howard Griffiths, Michelle Anderson, Tracy Williams, Beth Griffiths, Debbie Nobre, Anne-Marie Hill

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Falls prevention strategies can only be effective in reducing falls amongst older people if they are adopted and enacted in their daily lives. There is limited evidence identifying what older people in residential aged care (RAC) homes understand about falls and falls prevention, or what may limit or enable their adoption of strategies. This study was conducted in two countries and explored older people’s knowledge and awareness of falls and their preferences, opportunities and motivation to undertake falls prevention strategies. A cross-sectional survey was administered to participants (N = 70) aged 65 years and over, living in six RAC homes ...


Impact Of Tailored Falls Prevention Education For Older Adults At Hospital Discharge On Engagement In Falls Prevention Strategies Postdischarge: Protocol For A Process Evaluation, Chiara Naseri, Steven M. McPhail, Julie Netto, Terrence P. Haines, Meg E. Morris, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Leon Flicker, Den-Ching A. Lee, Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Anne-Marie Hill 2018 The University of Notre Dame Australia

Impact Of Tailored Falls Prevention Education For Older Adults At Hospital Discharge On Engagement In Falls Prevention Strategies Postdischarge: Protocol For A Process Evaluation, Chiara Naseri, Steven M. Mcphail, Julie Netto, Terrence P. Haines, Meg E. Morris, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Leon Flicker, Den-Ching A. Lee, Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Anne-Marie Hill

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Introduction: Older adults recently discharged from hospital have greater incidence of adverse events, functional decline, falls and subsequent readmission. Providing education to hospitalised patients on how to prevent falls at home could reduce postdischarge falls. There has been limited research investigating how older adults respond to tailored falls prevention education provided at hospital discharge. The aim of this study is to evaluate how providing tailored falls prevention education to older patients at the point of, and immediately after hospital discharge in addition to usual care, affects engagement in falls prevention strategies in the 6-months postdischarge period, including their capability and ...


Muscle Synergy During A Single Leg Standing Test In Ambulatory Children With Cerebral Palsy, Brennan L. Smith 2018 University of Kentucky

Muscle Synergy During A Single Leg Standing Test In Ambulatory Children With Cerebral Palsy, Brennan L. Smith

Theses and Dissertations--Kinesiology and Health Promotion

INTRODUCTION: Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a sensorimotor disorder characterized by dysfunctional motor coordination, balance problems, and loss of selective motor control. Motor coordination exhibited as co-contraction, has been subjectively quantified using gait analysis, but recent studies have begun to objectively analyze the amount of co-contraction by collecting electromyography (EMG) data. Center of pressure excursion (COPE) measurements collected during a single leg standing test (SLST) have shown to be more valid measurements of balance in populations with motor disabilities than a SLST alone. A recent study has correlated increased COPE velocity with a lower fall risk as determined by reported fall ...


Virtual Reality As A Training Tool To Treat Physical Inactivity In Children, Adam W. Kiefer, David Pincus, Michael J. Richardson, Gregory D. Myer 2017 Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center

Virtual Reality As A Training Tool To Treat Physical Inactivity In Children, Adam W. Kiefer, David Pincus, Michael J. Richardson, Gregory D. Myer

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Lack of adequate physical activity in children is an epidemic that can result in obesity and other poor health outcomes across the lifespan. Physical activity interventions focused on motor skill competence continue to be developed, but some interventions, such as neuromuscular training (NMT), may be limited in how early they can be implemented due to dependence on the child’s level of cognitive and perceptual-motor development. Early implementation of motor-rich activities that support motor skill development in children is critical for the development of healthy levels of physical activity that carry through into adulthood. Virtual reality (VR) training may be ...


Effects Of Lower Extremity Aerobic Exercise And Conditioned Pain Modulation On Evoked Shoulder Pain, Logan Lumpkins, Craig Wassinger 2017 East Tennessee State University

Effects Of Lower Extremity Aerobic Exercise And Conditioned Pain Modulation On Evoked Shoulder Pain, Logan Lumpkins, Craig Wassinger

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background: Emerging evidence suggests that aerobic exercise and conditioned pain modulation may be advocated in treating patients with musculoskeletal pain. The effects of lower extremity aerobic exercise and conditioned pain modulation on evoked shoulder pain are not known.

Purpose: To determine the acute effects of lower extremity aerobic exercise and conditioned pain modulation on outcomes of evoked shoulder pain from pain pressure threshold measurements.

Study Design: Repeated measures.

Methods: Thirty (30) healthy volunteers were tested over the course of two sessions. Session 1 consisted of collecting pain pressure threshold measurements over the infraspinatus before and immediately following a conditioned pain ...


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