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The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann 2017 Bond University

The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann

Paul Glasziou

Background While the clinical benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation are well established, there is extensive variation in the interventions used within these trials. It is unknown whether variations in individual components of these exercise interventions provide different relative contributions to overall clinical outcomes. This study aims to systematically examine the relationship between individual components of the exercise intervention in cardiac rehabilitation (such as intensity and frequency) and clinical outcomes for people with coronary heart disease. Methods In this systematic review, eligible trials were identified via searches of databases (PubMed, Allied and Complementary Medicine, EMBASE, PEDro, Science Citation Index Expanded, CINAHL ...


The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann 2017 Bond University

The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann

Tammy Hoffmann

Background While the clinical benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation are well established, there is extensive variation in the interventions used within these trials. It is unknown whether variations in individual components of these exercise interventions provide different relative contributions to overall clinical outcomes. This study aims to systematically examine the relationship between individual components of the exercise intervention in cardiac rehabilitation (such as intensity and frequency) and clinical outcomes for people with coronary heart disease. Methods In this systematic review, eligible trials were identified via searches of databases (PubMed, Allied and Complementary Medicine, EMBASE, PEDro, Science Citation Index Expanded, CINAHL ...


A Comparison Of Three Manipulative Therapy Techniques: Craniosacral Therapy, Muscle Energy Technique, And Fascial Distortion Model, Jessica Cole 2017 University of Wyoming

A Comparison Of Three Manipulative Therapy Techniques: Craniosacral Therapy, Muscle Energy Technique, And Fascial Distortion Model, Jessica Cole

Honors Theses AY 16/17

Manual therapy is used by many different medical professionals to relieve pain from a variety of different causes. High quality evidence supporting these therapies can be difficult to find. Research available for three different manual therapies was discussed. CranioSacral Therapy (CST) is a manipulative technique that involves light touches guided by the rhythm of the flow of cerebrospinal fluid to relieve areas of CSF that may be blocked or abnormal. There was moderate quality evidence available to support the use of this clinically. Muscle Energy Technique involves passive movement of the practitioner, followed by muscle activation of the patient, followed ...


The Use Of Bilateral Motor Task Training To Augment Cognitive Function In Older Adults, Colby Craddock 2017 University of Texas at Tyler

The Use Of Bilateral Motor Task Training To Augment Cognitive Function In Older Adults, Colby Craddock

Health and Kinesiology Theses

Objective: Maintaining cognitive function remains challenging in our rapidly aging society but, learning novel motor tasks may increase cognitive reserve in older adults. Bilateral tasks that combine multiple limb movements, hand-eye coordination, and object manipulation may augment shared cognitive resource function. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of simultaneous bilateral object manipulation (SBOM) training in augmenting cognitive function in older adults.

Methods: Eighteen subjects age 50-65 were recruited to be randomly assigned into an intervention (IG) or control group(CG). The IG underwent an 8-week motor training (MT) program to practice 3-ball juggling. Cognitive and motor ...


The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann 2017 Bond University

The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Background

While the clinical benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation are well established, there is extensive variation in the interventions used within these trials. It is unknown whether variations in individual components of these exercise interventions provide different relative contributions to overall clinical outcomes. This study aims to systematically examine the relationship between individual components of the exercise intervention in cardiac rehabilitation (such as intensity and frequency) and clinical outcomes for people with coronary heart disease.

Methods

In this systematic review, eligible trials were identified via searches of databases (PubMed, Allied and Complementary Medicine, EMBASE, PEDro, Science Citation Index Expanded, CINAHL ...


Adopting Children With Down Syndrome: A Qualitative Study Of Family Experiences, Emily L. Richter 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Adopting Children With Down Syndrome: A Qualitative Study Of Family Experiences, Emily L. Richter

Rehabilitation, Human Resources and Communication Disorders Undergraduate Honors Theses

The purpose of this study is to qualitatively investigate and compare the family beliefs, values, and perceptions of parenting of families who have adopted children with Down syndrome (DS) to parents who have biological children with DS. Participants in the study included 27 parents of biological children with DS and six parents of adopted children with DS. Participants were interviewed through a digital survey that was distributed through Qualtrics Online Survey Software. Quantitative analysis placed the participants into groups and qualitative analysis was used to identify beliefs, values, and perceptions. Results showed that while both adoptive and biological parents indicated ...


Factors In Patient Responsiveness To Directional Preference-Matched Treatment Of Neck Pain With Or Without Upper Extremity Radiation, Benjamin Holmes, Ruta Brazauskas, Laura D. Cassidy, Rachel A. Wiegand 2017 Aurora Sheboygan Clinic Spine Institute; Medical College of Wisconsin

Factors In Patient Responsiveness To Directional Preference-Matched Treatment Of Neck Pain With Or Without Upper Extremity Radiation, Benjamin Holmes, Ruta Brazauskas, Laura D. Cassidy, Rachel A. Wiegand

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose

Patient-related predictive factors in responsiveness to directional preference therapy for neck pain with or without upper extremity radiation (NP/R) have not been reported. A directional preference is any neck movement that, when performed repeatedly to end range, results in centralization and/or alleviation of NP/R. It was hypothesized that patient compliance with a prescribed, directional preference-matched home exercise program would improve positive responsiveness to NP/R treatment.

Methods

Patient-related factors thought to affect responsiveness to care were collected retrospectively from charts and de-identified for patients with NP/R who underwent chiropractic treatment at a multispecialty spine clinic ...


Assessing The Impact Of Caregiver Outcomes On Function And Reintegration Of Stroke Survivors Participating In A Community Stroke Rehabilitation Program., Spencer R. Thompson 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Assessing The Impact Of Caregiver Outcomes On Function And Reintegration Of Stroke Survivors Participating In A Community Stroke Rehabilitation Program., Spencer R. Thompson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

There is a limited amount of literature evaluating the relationship between caregivers, and the stroke survivors’ function and reintegration. The objectives were to evaluate the association between caregivers’ lifestyle changes on function and the role of functioning as a moderator between caregiving and reintegration among stroke survivors receiving community-based rehabilitation. Data were collected from January 2011 to January 2016. A one-way repeated measures analysis of variance and multivariable linear regression were performed on Functional Independence Measure, Bakas Caregiving Outcomes Scale, Reintegration to Normal Living Index across admission, discharge, and follow-up. Mean age was 70.2±13.17 years with 58 ...


Links Between Physical And Mental Health: Assessment Of Therapeutic Riding’S Effect On Children With Special Needs, Sabah I. Hasan 2017 Brescia University College

Links Between Physical And Mental Health: Assessment Of Therapeutic Riding’S Effect On Children With Special Needs, Sabah I. Hasan

Brescia Psychology Undergraduate Honours Theses

This observational study examined the effect of therapeutic riding (TR) on four domains, physical skills, positive values, social skills, and self-identity in children with special needs. Participants were recruited from SARI Therapeutic Riding and were divided, based on observation, into more or less severe diagnosis categories. It was predicted that children with less severe diagnosis would show more of an increase on the four domains, especially physical skills due to TR. Participants were observed using an observational checklist at pre- and post-riding lessons. Results showed non-significant differences in all four domains, however, there was a tendency for scores to increase ...


Return To University After A Stroke: An Autoethnography, Rachel Sieber 2017 George Washington University

Return To University After A Stroke: An Autoethnography, Rachel Sieber

Doctor of Occupational Therapy Capstone Projects

Background and Aims: Return to university presents a unique transition for the person with stroke who may demonstrate with impairments and may have difficulties while engaging in this change. This study will explore elements that comprise the needs and factors of the stroke survivor and supports or accommodations that may improve success of the student returning to university.

Methods: An autoethnography was used with narrative journals and poems dated June 2003 to October 2005, interviews with friends, family and professors and a literature review. Data analysis included an open-coding procedure to find themes from the journal entries, interviews and narrative ...


Effects Of A Balance And Strength Training Program On Functional Proprioceptive And Motor Control Abilities In Young Adults With Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Victoria Timmons 2017 Otterbein University

Effects Of A Balance And Strength Training Program On Functional Proprioceptive And Motor Control Abilities In Young Adults With Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Victoria Timmons

Distinction Papers

he objective of this study was to determine if young adults, ages 18-22, with neurodevelopmental disorders, including Autism Spectrum Disorder, Intellectual Disabilities, Communication Disorders, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Specific Learning Disorder, and Motor Disorders, would benefit by adding a propioceptive intervention program to an already existing strength training program. Benefits hypothesized from this intervention were int he areas of agility and balance, two of the three components of propioceptive abilities. Increased agility and balance has been proved to increase functionality and safety as it can decrease fall risks. Subjects were all apart of a transitional program from high school into the ...


Range Of Motion And Walking Distances In Subjects With Peripheral Artery Disease, Henamari Ybay 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Range Of Motion And Walking Distances In Subjects With Peripheral Artery Disease, Henamari Ybay

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is caused by blockages in the lower extremity arteries that results in pain during walking known as claudication. Gait variability has emerged as a functional assessment in older and pathological groups1. A healthy gait pattern demonstrates stride-to-stride fluctuations within a certain range of values.2 This study uses standard deviation (SD) and coefficient of variation (CV) to assess the magnitude of variability in the time series. . We compared variability before and after surgery that restores blood flow to the legs of patients with PAD.. Thirty-nine subjects were recruited from the Veteran’s Affairs Medical Center. The ...


Role Of Corpus Callosum Integrity In Arm Function Differs Based On Motor Severity After Stroke, Jill Campbell Stewart, Pritha Dewanjee, George Tran, Erin Burke Quinlan, Lucy Dodakian, Alison McKenzie, Jill See, Steven C. Cramer 2017 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Role Of Corpus Callosum Integrity In Arm Function Differs Based On Motor Severity After Stroke, Jill Campbell Stewart, Pritha Dewanjee, George Tran, Erin Burke Quinlan, Lucy Dodakian, Alison Mckenzie, Jill See, Steven C. Cramer

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

While the corpus callosum (CC) is important to normal sensorimotor function, its role in motor function after stroke is less well understood. This study examined the relationship between structural integrity of the motor and sensory sections of the CC, as reflected by fractional anisotropy (FA), and motor function in individuals with a range of motor impairment level due to stroke. Fifty-five individuals with chronic stroke (Fugl-Meyer motor score range 14 to 61) and 18 healthy controls underwent diffusion tensor imaging and a set of motor behavior tests. Mean FA from the motor and sensory regions of the CC and from ...


Predicting Response To Medial Branch Blocks: A Clinical Decision Making Tool, Swati Mehta 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Predicting Response To Medial Branch Blocks: A Clinical Decision Making Tool, Swati Mehta

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Chronic neck pain can lead to long-term disability and socio-economic burden. Several demographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors have been implicated in the development of neck pain disability. These factors may also influence management of neck pain. Optimal treatment often requires targeting interventions based on specific diagnosis. One of the most common cause of neck pain is cervical facet joint injury. Currently, the gold standard for diagnosing facetogenic injury is through the medial branch block (MBB) procedure. Though the procedure is relatively safe, it is still invasive and may result in adverse effects. In Canada, access to this procedure is limited ...


An Examination Of Spasticity Of The Lower Extremity Among Young People With Cerebral Palsy, Jordan Nourse 2017 Georgia Southern University

An Examination Of Spasticity Of The Lower Extremity Among Young People With Cerebral Palsy, Jordan Nourse

University Honors Program Theses

Background: Spasticity is the most common symptom among individuals with Cerebral Palsy (CP). Spasticity is often presented as stiff limbs often resulting in pain. Currently, clinicians are limited in diagnosing spasticity using observational tools. The purpose of this study was compare spasticity at various functional levels using dynamometry. Methods: Participants included nine adolescents (12-19) with CP and nine adolescents (age-matched) without CP. The participants participated in passive stretches delivered by the Biodex System 4 Pro Dynamometer at four different speeds (90, 120, 150, and 180 deg/s), Measurements of the quadriceps will be collected before and during passive knee extension ...


An Exploration Of The Underlying Mechanisms Causing Spasticity In Young People With Cerebral Palsy, Alexis Carnes 2017 Georgia Southern University

An Exploration Of The Underlying Mechanisms Causing Spasticity In Young People With Cerebral Palsy, Alexis Carnes

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

Background and Objective(s): Spasticity is a common symptom experienced by individuals with cerebral palsy (CP). Spastic CP is often accompanied by hypertonia. Currently, there is a limited understanding of the contributions of spasticity to hypertonia which can in turn hinder the development of new rehabilitative measure to improve these conditions. Additionally, clinical evaluation of spasticity is limited to observational techniques such as the Ashworth scale. The purpose of this study was to compare differences in passive joint torque in the upper extremity between individuals with severe, spastic CP (MACS III-V) and healthy, age-matched controls at different speeds during passive ...


Effect Of Therapeutic Massage On Pain In Patients With Dementia, Yamini Kapoor, Rob Orr 2017 Bond University

Effect Of Therapeutic Massage On Pain In Patients With Dementia, Yamini Kapoor, Rob Orr

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

Introduction

The aim was to investigate whether therapeutic massage was effective in relieving pain in elderly residents with dementia.

Methods

A randomized controlled study was conducted in an aged care facility. Ten participants with dementia or advanced dementia were allocated to an intervention group or a control group. The intervention group received 10?min of massage (effleurage, kneading, and trigger point therapy) four times per week for 4 weeks. The Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia scale was used as the outcome measure.

Results

No significant changes in mean outcome measure scores were found post intervention (Intervention mean?=?5.0?±?3 ...


Restoration Of Attentional Deficits After Concussion, Katharine B. Earle 2017 Humboldt State University

Restoration Of Attentional Deficits After Concussion, Katharine B. Earle

Theses

Difficulties with concentration and attention are among the most prevalent symptoms experienced after concussion. Rest has been the most common form of recovery from concussion; however, new research is suggesting mild mental exertion to be an effective aid in recovery. Drawing from Attention Restoration Theory, this study evaluated the idea that cognitive engagement with natural environments can mitigate post-concussion directed-attention deficits. A between subjects repeated measures design was used to test directed-attention after video exposure to restorative/nature and nonrestorative/city environments. Measures of mood, connectedness to environment, and symptomology scores were also collected. No meaningful difference between exposure type ...


Evaluating Cardiovascular Dysfunction During Increased Activity And Exercise Rehabilitation Following Incomplete Thoracic Spinal Cord Injury In The Adult Rat., Kathryn A. Harman 2016 University of Louisville

Evaluating Cardiovascular Dysfunction During Increased Activity And Exercise Rehabilitation Following Incomplete Thoracic Spinal Cord Injury In The Adult Rat., Kathryn A. Harman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in whole-body dysfunction. While the majority of SCI research is focused on improving locomotor function after injury, cardiovascular (CV) disease continues to be the leading cause of morbidity in the chronic SCI patient population. The combination of injury-induced destruction of autonomic pathways, maladaptive plasticity within lumbosacral circuits, and the progressive decline in physical fitness contribute to the poor CV status of SCI individuals. Currently, there is little emphasis on implementing appropriately-timed acute rehabilitation techniques aimed to curtail maladaptive remodeling and improve CV outcomes. Furthermore, no pre-clinical or clinical studies have investigated the most appropriate time-course ...


Fitness-To-Drive Screening Measure© : Constructing And Validating The Short Form, Shabnam Medhizadah 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Fitness-To-Drive Screening Measure© : Constructing And Validating The Short Form, Shabnam Medhizadah

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The valid and reliable Fitness-to-Drive Screening Measure© (FTDS) is a free online proxy measure that screens for at-risk older drivers using 54 driving-related items. This secondary data analysis aims to construct and validate a short form FTDS, using 200 caregiver FTDS response sets and 200 older driver on-road assessment pass/fail outcomes. To construct the short form, exploratory factor analysis and classical test theory techniques were employed to determine the most interpretable factor model and the minimum number of items that might be used to predict fitness to drive. Next, receiver operating characteristics curves were generated to evaluate the concurrent ...


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