Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physical Therapy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1330 Full-Text Articles 2426 Authors 470270 Downloads 87 Institutions

All Articles in Physical Therapy

Faceted Search

1330 full-text articles. Page 1 of 49.

The Effect Of A Single Bout Of Physical Exertion On Expressive Language And Word Finding In Individuals With Multiple Sclerosis, Marissa A. Barrera 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Effect Of A Single Bout Of Physical Exertion On Expressive Language And Word Finding In Individuals With Multiple Sclerosis, Marissa A. Barrera

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

To date, little research has been conducted on the relationship between fatigue and expressive language among Multiple Sclerosis patients (MS). This study was a response to this knowledge gap. A nonrandom, matched- subject, mixed-factor design model was used with a purposive sample of 17 individuals with MS (five had primary-progressive (PP) MS, and 12 had relapsing-remitting (RR) MS). The research design was subjected to pretesting to ensure validity. Participants were assessed on a range of language tasks after undergoing one bout of cardiovascular exercise (NuStep T5 Recumbent Cross Trainer) and asked to provide a subjective fatigue score. The expressive language ...


Patient Experiences When Preparing For Discharge Home After Total Knee Replacement, Renee Causey-Upton, Dana M. Howell 2017 Eastern Kentucky University

Patient Experiences When Preparing For Discharge Home After Total Knee Replacement, Renee Causey-Upton, Dana M. Howell

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Following total knee replacement (TKR), patients must prepare quickly for discharge to home via education and rehabilitation. Patient needs may not fully be met prior to discharge after TKR surgery. The purpose of this descriptive study using transcendental phenomenology methods was to understand patients’ experiences when preparing to return home after TKR surgery. Method: Data was collected using semi-structured interviews that occurred 1 to 2 days prior to discharge in patients’ hospital rooms. Four participants were interviewed prior to discharge and interviews were transcribed verbatim for data analysis. Data analysis and data collection were concurrent, permitting subsequent interviews to ...


Interprofessional Peer Teaching: Physical Therapy Students Teaching Dental Students To Transfer Patients, Kim Dunleavy, PT, PhD, OCS, Venita Sposetti, DMD 2017 University of Florida

Interprofessional Peer Teaching: Physical Therapy Students Teaching Dental Students To Transfer Patients, Kim Dunleavy, Pt, Phd, Ocs, Venita Sposetti, Dmd

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

Background While the need for interprofessional education (IPE) has been clearly elucidated, (Interprofessional Education Collaborative, 2016), one of the major barriers is the logistical challenge of meeting curricular requirements for all involved. The organization and time required in an already full schedule are often deterrents. Ideal opportunities meet specific program curricular requirements as well as enhancing interprofessional competencies. Interprofessional competencies include developing skills to teach other health care providers about profession-specific skills and enhancing communication across the professions (Bridges, 2011; Interprofessional Education Collaborative, 2016). Active learning techniques have been advocated for adult learners to promote motivation and engagement (Knowles, 1984 ...


Physical Therapy Management Of A Patient With Chronic Knee Pain: A Case Report, Mohamed Elsaid 2016 University of New England

Physical Therapy Management Of A Patient With Chronic Knee Pain: A Case Report, Mohamed Elsaid

Case Report Papers

Background and Purpose: Knee pain affects a large number of adults, and as a result limits their functional mobility and may induce participation restrictions. A number of risk factors may contribute to knee pain, with osteoarthritis (OA) being the most prevalent cause. The rate of knee replacement surgery among individuals 65 and older has increased significantly over the years. Physical therapy (PT) is a non-surgical option that offers individuals relief of their knee pain. Case Description: The patient was a 48-year-old Caucasian female referred to physical therapy with chronic right knee pain. She received PT twice a week for eight ...


Shoulder Strengthening, Taping And Postural Reeducation In A Breast Cancer Survivor After Bilateral Mastectomy: A Case Report, Nalis Mbianda 2016 University of New England

Shoulder Strengthening, Taping And Postural Reeducation In A Breast Cancer Survivor After Bilateral Mastectomy: A Case Report, Nalis Mbianda

Case Report Posters

Breast cancer is the most common cancer experienced by females in the United States. In breast cancer survivors, weakness of the rotator cuff musculature is often considered a contributing factor to rotator cuff pathology. The purpose of this case report was to help fill the gaps in literature by documenting the use of therapeutic exercises to strengthen the shoulder complex, in conjunction with taping techniques for postural reeducation, of a female breast cancer survivor.


Management Of A Patient With Bronchiectasis Using Pulmonary Rehabilitation And Balance Training: A Case Report, Megan Witherow Quarles 2016 University of New England

Management Of A Patient With Bronchiectasis Using Pulmonary Rehabilitation And Balance Training: A Case Report, Megan Witherow Quarles

Case Report Posters

Bronchiectasis is a chronic lung disease defined by permanent abnormal dilation of the bronchi. Bronchiectasis often includes airway infection and inflammation. Pulmonary rehabilitation including progressive gait training, stair climbing, and cycling is a standard guideline for the treatment of bronchiectasis symptoms and for symptoms of other chronic lung diseases. Little research has been conducted on the effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with bronchiectasis. The purpose of this case report is to examine physical therapy (PT) management, utilizing pulmonary rehabilitation with incorporated balance training, for a geriatric patient with bronchiectasis.


Management Of A Patient With Bronchiectasis Using Pulmonary Rehabilitation And Balance Training: A Case Report, Megan Witherow Quarles 2016 University of New England

Management Of A Patient With Bronchiectasis Using Pulmonary Rehabilitation And Balance Training: A Case Report, Megan Witherow Quarles

Case Report Papers

Background and Purpose: Bronchiectasis is a chronic lung disease defined by permanent, abnormal dilation of the bronchi and accompanied by chronic airway infection which leads to airway inflammation. Bronchiectasis is progressive and leads to a cycle of worsening pulmonary damage. Pulmonary rehabilitation, including progressive gait training, cycling, and stair climbing, is often utilized as treatment for this condition. However, there has been little research conducted on its effectiveness for bronchiectasis. The purpose of this case report is to examine physical therapy (PT) management, utilizing pulmonary rehabilitation with incorporated balance training, for a geriatric patient with bronchiectasis. Description: The patient was ...


E For Everyone: Strategic Plan, Lindsay Calcaterra, Kaela Fischer, Kelley Flahaven, Megan Witherow Quarles, Maria Stern, Christina Tilton 2016 University of New England

E For Everyone: Strategic Plan, Lindsay Calcaterra, Kaela Fischer, Kelley Flahaven, Megan Witherow Quarles, Maria Stern, Christina Tilton

Physical Therapy Administration

‘E for Everyone’ is an innovative and unique inclusion program that equalizes the playing field among all people with and without disabilities by creating opportunities to build synergistic relationships through teamwork, fun, and physical activity. Created during the Fall 2016 semester of the course Physical Therapy Administration, this strategic plan summarizes the program.


E For Everyone: Implementation Guide, Lindsay Calcaterra, Kaela Fischer, Kelley Flahaven, Megan Witherow Quarles, Maria Stern, Christina Tilton 2016 University of New England

E For Everyone: Implementation Guide, Lindsay Calcaterra, Kaela Fischer, Kelley Flahaven, Megan Witherow Quarles, Maria Stern, Christina Tilton

Physical Therapy Administration

‘E for Everyone’ is an innovative and unique inclusion program that equalizes the playing field among all people with and without disabilities by creating opportunities to build synergistic relationships through teamwork, fun, and physical activity. Created during the Fall 2016 semester, concurrent with the course Physical Therapy Administration, this implementation guide describes the step by step process for implementing the program.


Physical Therapy Management Of A Patient After Hemorrhagic Stroke Using A Task-Oriented Approach In A Skilled Nursing Facility: A Case Report, Kaela Fischer 2016 University of New England

Physical Therapy Management Of A Patient After Hemorrhagic Stroke Using A Task-Oriented Approach In A Skilled Nursing Facility: A Case Report, Kaela Fischer

Case Report Posters

Stroke is the leading cause of long term disability in the U.S.; nearly 800,000 Americans have a stroke each year. Subarachnoid hemorrhagic stroke occurs when one of the blood vessels in the brain bursts causing a release of blood which increases intracranial pressure. There is a lack of rehabilitation research in the skilled nursing setting for hemorrhagic stroke. The purpose of this case report is to describe the PT management, using a task-oriented approach, of a patient with a subarachnoid hemorrhagic stroke being treated in a skilled nursing setting.


Functional Training In A Patient With Middle Cerebral Artery Stroke With Multiple Comorbidities: A Case Report, Darien Lewis 2016 University of New England

Functional Training In A Patient With Middle Cerebral Artery Stroke With Multiple Comorbidities: A Case Report, Darien Lewis

Case Report Papers

Background and Purpose: Strokes affecting the middle cerebral artery (MCA) cause impairments of recovery affected by the patient’s premorbid status. Although there is a significant amount of research detailing physical therapy (PT) interventions for patients with hemiplegia, there is a lack of evidence supporting interventions for patients with hemiplegia following stroke that have multiple comorbidities. The purpose of this case report is to describe a progressive PT plan of care (POC) for a patient following MCA stroke with multiple comorbidities in the skilled nursing setting. Case Description: The patient was a 71-year-old male admitted to the skilled nursing facility ...


The Use Of Manual Therapy In The Treatment Of A Patient With Chronic Low Back Pain And Sciatica: A Case Report, Elia N. Darazi 2016 University of New England

The Use Of Manual Therapy In The Treatment Of A Patient With Chronic Low Back Pain And Sciatica: A Case Report, Elia N. Darazi

Case Report Papers

Background: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is one of the most common conditions encountered in an outpatient physical therapy (PT) setting. While there are many different approaches used in the treatment of CLBP, the purpose of this case report is to detail the successful utilization of a short-course of manual therapy (MT) for a patient with CLBP and sciatica. Case Description: The patient was a 60-year-old male who presented to PT with a medical diagnosis of nerve root compression-left sciatica. At the initial evaluation, he presented with radiating left sided low back and lower extremity pain of approximately six months ...


Physical Therapy Management Of A Patient With Chronic Brainstem Stroke Syndrome To Improve Functional Mobility: A Case Report, Kelley Flahaven 2016 University of New England

Physical Therapy Management Of A Patient With Chronic Brainstem Stroke Syndrome To Improve Functional Mobility: A Case Report, Kelley Flahaven

Case Report Papers

Background and Purpose: Brainstem strokes are much less common and have a higher mortality rate than cortical strokes. Brainstem strokes can lead to several physical impairments, including gaze palsies, quadriplegia, ataxia, or cranial nerve deficits, leading to decreased balance and safety as well as decreased independence with functional activities. The purpose of this case report is to provide an overview of the physical therapy care plan created for a patient with chronic brainstem strokes. Case Description: The patient is a middle-aged man who had two brainstem strokes over two years ago. He initially received physical, occupational, and speech therapies, then ...


Physical Therapy Treatment Of A Patient With Chronic Low Back Pain And A Previous History Of A Substance Abuse Disorder: A Case Report, Marcus X. Alomar, Brian T. Swanson 2016 University of New England

Physical Therapy Treatment Of A Patient With Chronic Low Back Pain And A Previous History Of A Substance Abuse Disorder: A Case Report, Marcus X. Alomar, Brian T. Swanson

Case Report Posters

The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) reported that an estimated 27 million people in the United States have reported use of an illicit drug within the past month. Low back pain continues to be a major cause of disability in the United States, with an estimated 70 percent of adults experiencing low back pain at some point during their lifetime. Active exercise programs that include pain education and cognitive behavioral therapy demonstrated significant superior outcome at reducing pain intensity, anxiety/depression, disability, and fear-avoidance compared to therapeutic exercise and manual therapy alone for patients with non-specific chronic ...


Restoring Gait And Functional Mobility For A Patient With An Ischemic Stroke Through Physical Therapy: A Case Report, Colleen Kelly 2016 University of New England

Restoring Gait And Functional Mobility For A Patient With An Ischemic Stroke Through Physical Therapy: A Case Report, Colleen Kelly

Case Report Papers

Stroke is the primary cause of disability and care dependency in adults in the United States. Research has found that the risk of mortality post stroke can be greatly reduced through stroke rehabilitation. The purpose of this case report is to provide a framework of physical therapy rehabilitation that facilitated functional mobility and gait in a patient who experienced a stroke. The patient was a 50-year old male who was admitted to an inpatient rehabilitation hospital for physical therapy following a left middle cerebral artery ischemic stroke four days prior. The patient received three weeks of physical therapy after displaying ...


Restoring Gait And Functional Mobility For A Patient With An Ischemic Stroke Through Physical Therapy: A Case Report, Colleen Kelly 2016 University of New England

Restoring Gait And Functional Mobility For A Patient With An Ischemic Stroke Through Physical Therapy: A Case Report, Colleen Kelly

Case Report Posters

During an ischemic stroke, blood flow is impeded due to blocked artery. Stroke is the 5th leading cause of death and the primary cause of disability and dependency in adults in the United States. Patient age and stroke severity, size, and location are strong predictors in prognosis. Stroke rehabilitation during the first three months can reduce mortality. The purpose of this case report is to provide physical therapy management strategies used during an inpatient stay for a patient who experienced an ischemic stroke.


The Use Of Therapeutic Exercises And Manual Stretching For A Patient Following A Total Knee Arthroplasty (Tka) Revision: A Case Report, Nicholas Cebula 2016 University of New England

The Use Of Therapeutic Exercises And Manual Stretching For A Patient Following A Total Knee Arthroplasty (Tka) Revision: A Case Report, Nicholas Cebula

Case Report Posters

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an orthopedic surgery involving the total replacement of compartments of the knee joint. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common reason for TKA. Risk factors for OA include: obesity, sports-related injuries, and genetics. The artificial knee joint typically lasts between 15-20 years; early failures may occur due to loosening of artificial components, infection, fractures, and instability. Approximately 581,000 TKA procedures are performed annually, and by 2030, the demand for TKA procedures is expected to grow by 673%. The purpose of this case report is to document the potential benefits of prescribed PT interventions, including therapeutic ...


Utilization Of Postural Control Training To Improve Gait Symmetry And Walking Ability In A Patient Following A Lacunar Stroke: A Case Report, Hannah C. Wilder, Amy J. Litterini 2016 University of New England

Utilization Of Postural Control Training To Improve Gait Symmetry And Walking Ability In A Patient Following A Lacunar Stroke: A Case Report, Hannah C. Wilder, Amy J. Litterini

Case Report Posters

Alteration in gait is one of the most noted impairments following stroke. Improving walking ability is one of the most common goals amongst patients with stroke undergoing rehabilitation. Current literature describes visual and proprioceptive feedback and task-oriented training as effective in improving gait speed, mechanics, strength, and balance following stroke. Based on the research, postural control training may improve walking ability following stroke. The purpose of this case report is to outline physical therapy rehabilitation that utilized postural control training, task-oriented training, and visual feedback to improve walking ability and functional capacity in a patient following a lacunar stroke affecting ...


Subacute Physical Therapy Management For Abnormalities Of Gait And Mobility Following An Acute Accident With Farm Equipment: A Case Report, Maria Stern 2016 University of New England

Subacute Physical Therapy Management For Abnormalities Of Gait And Mobility Following An Acute Accident With Farm Equipment: A Case Report, Maria Stern

Case Report Posters

Workers in the agricultural industry experience 243 injuries per day that result in lost work time, with five percent of these resulting in permanent impairments. Functional decline can occur as a result of prolonged hospitalizations. Endurance and strength of the lower extremities, mobility, and tolerance for ambulation are decreased in this population. Physical therapy (PT) interventions can target these impairments to improve functional ability. The purpose of this case report is to describe the PT management used in a subacute setting to improve functional ability, mobility, and gait in a patient who experienced deconditioning due to prolonged hospitalization following an ...


Physical Therapy Management Of A Patient With Chronic Knee Pain: A Case Report, Mohamed Elsaid 2016 University of New England

Physical Therapy Management Of A Patient With Chronic Knee Pain: A Case Report, Mohamed Elsaid

Case Report Posters

Knee pain affects approximately 25% of adults, and as a result limits functional mobility and may induce participation restrictions. Risk factors may contribute to knee pain, with osteoarthritis (OA) being the most prevalent cause in individuals 50 years and older. The rate of knee replacement surgery among individuals 65 and older has increased by approximately eight fold from 1979-2002. Physical Therapy (PT) is a nonsurgical option that offers individuals relief. The purpose of this case report is to review the PT treatment and management for a patient with chronic knee pain, and use evidence based interventions, such as therapeutic exercises ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress