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All Limbs Lead To The Trunk, Daniel E. Graves, PhD, Darryn Atkinson, PhD, PT 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

All Limbs Lead To The Trunk, Daniel E. Graves, Phd, Darryn Atkinson, Phd, Pt

Rehabilitation Medicine Posters

This poster describes the development of and the psychometric properties of the trunk scale that measures the voluntary motor ability in the thoracic and upper lumbar regions. The function of the trunk musculature has far reaching implications, particularly in persons with SCI, where postural control and voluntary movement are compromised to varying degrees. Precisely coordinated muscle actions must occur in the appropriate sequence, duration, and combination for the optimal movement function and maintenance of balance and posture during dynamic activities. Trunk mobility is required for nearly all mobility tasks, particularly transitional movements such as rolling, supine to sit, and sit ...


Developing Student Skills To Actively Engage In Feedback Conversations: A Pilot Study, Neil Tuttle, Andrea Bialocerkowski 2017 Griffith University

Developing Student Skills To Actively Engage In Feedback Conversations: A Pilot Study, Neil Tuttle, Andrea Bialocerkowski

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Students often have passive or counterproductive responses to feedback. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate a feedback training module containing online learning and live simulation. It was hypothesized that 1) student confidence in feedback skills would increase following the module, and 2) compared with a control group who undertook the module after their clinical placement, the feedback group who undertook the module before their placement would perform better on clinical placement on the sections of the Assessment of Physiotherapy Practice related to communication, but those related to clinical skills would not be affected. Methods: A convenience ...


Pilot Study: What Measures Predict First Time Pass Rate On The National Physical Therapy Examination?, Jamie Bayliss, Rosanne M. Thomas, Marsha Eifert-Mangine@msj.edu 2017 Mount St. Joseph University

Pilot Study: What Measures Predict First Time Pass Rate On The National Physical Therapy Examination?, Jamie Bayliss, Rosanne M. Thomas, Marsha Eifert-Mangine@Msj.Edu

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Background: Research investigating predictors of success on licensure examination is useful for admission criteria as well as targeted intervention for identified at risk students in physical therapy programs. Predictors of success on the National Physical Therapy Examination (NPTE) have been explored but results are no longer current. This study assessed predictive variables including admission data, performance in identified key courses, and academic/clinical difficulty for Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) cohorts at Mount St Joseph University. Objective: Determine variables predicting success on the National Physical Therapy Examination. Design: A retrospective correlational study was done. Methods: Retrospective data of Mount St ...


Disability, Mobility & Society [Physical Therapy Assistant Program], Clarence Chan, Debra Engel, May Tom 2017 CUNY La Guardia Community College

Disability, Mobility & Society [Physical Therapy Assistant Program], Clarence Chan, Debra Engel, May Tom

Open Educational Resources

Disability, Mobility, & Society is a newly developed assignment for a required level II physical therapy course (SCT 221). It is aimed to familiarize students with the psychosocial and socioeconomic challenges faced by people with physical disability/dysfunction and their immediate community. Students work in teams to develop multimedia pre-recorded video presentations based on actual clinical case studies. Each team will identify and discuss issues related to the specific pathology and impairment, and consider the medical/social/behavioral/financial implications for the individual and the society. The team must present a course of physical therapy intervention that illustrates clinical competence and ...


Using A Deliberative Dialogue To Facilitate The Uptake Of Research Evidence In Rehabilitation For Children With Cerebral Palsy, Alisiyah Daya 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Using A Deliberative Dialogue To Facilitate The Uptake Of Research Evidence In Rehabilitation For Children With Cerebral Palsy, Alisiyah Daya

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study explores how to facilitate the use of research evidence to optimize outcomes for children with cerebral palsy (CP) in practice. Findings from two studies were used as the basis for exploring how to comprehensively assess developmental trajectories of children with CP and plan individualized interventions. Seventeen affiliated stakeholders (e.g. physicians, senior leadership, frontline clinicians, families and youth with CP) participated in this study.

Data from a deliberative dialogue and interviews were analyzed using grounded theory methods with a pragmatic perspective. The results highlighted that all areas of practice must engage in knowledge translation to be effective. Stakeholders ...


Reliability Of Two Alternative Methods For The Standard Mid-Thigh Isometric Pull, Duane A. Williams, Courtney D. Hall, Patsy Cantor, Jennifer Williams, N. Brown, Ryan Dulling, Ogechi Egbujor 2017 East Tennessee State University

Reliability Of Two Alternative Methods For The Standard Mid-Thigh Isometric Pull, Duane A. Williams, Courtney D. Hall, Patsy Cantor, Jennifer Williams, N. Brown, Ryan Dulling, Ogechi Egbujor

Courtney D. Hall

The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of two new alternative portable methods for measuring maximal isometric force measures while performing the standard mid-thigh pull. One method, the bar grip method, required the use of the trunk and upper extremity muscles, while the second method, the pelvic belt method, did not. Both methods demonstrated good test-retest reliability via randomized repeated measures over 24-36 hours. Interestingly, the pelvic belt method generally demonstrated average maximal forces up to 65% higher than the bar method. There was a good relationship between both methods. These new alternative methods could provide strength ...


A Prototype Head-Motion Monitoring System For In-Home Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy, Pamela T. Bhatti, Susan J. Herdman, Siddarth Datta Roy, Courtney D. Hall, Ronald J. Tusa 2017 Georgia Institute of Technology

A Prototype Head-Motion Monitoring System For In-Home Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy, Pamela T. Bhatti, Susan J. Herdman, Siddarth Datta Roy, Courtney D. Hall, Ronald J. Tusa

Courtney D. Hall

This work reports the use of a head-motion monitoring system to record patient head movements while completing in-home exercises for vestibular rehabilitation therapy. Based upon a dual-axis gyroscope (yaw and pitch, ± 500-degrees/sec maximum), angular head rotations were measured and stored via an on-board memory card. The system enabled the clinician to document exercises at home. Several measurements were recorded in one patient with unilateral vestibular hypofunction: The total time of exercise for the week (118 minutes) was documented and compared with expected weekly exercise time (140 minutes). For gaze stabilization exercises, execution time of 60 sec was expected, and ...


Interdisciplinary Approach To Dizziness: Roles Of Audiology And Physical Therapy, Faith W. Akin, Courtney D. Hall, Kristal M. Riska 2017 East Tennessee State University

Interdisciplinary Approach To Dizziness: Roles Of Audiology And Physical Therapy, Faith W. Akin, Courtney D. Hall, Kristal M. Riska

Courtney D. Hall

Dizziness is one of the most common reasons patients seek medical care, and because there are many causes of dizziness, management of these patients requires an interdisciplinary approach. Peripheral vestibular dysfunction is the most common cause of dizziness/vertigo diagnosed in specialty clinics. The purpose of this article is to present an interdisciplinary approach to the management of patients with vestibular dysfunction with a focus on the unique and overlapping contributions of audiology and physical therapy to vestibular assessment and rehabilitation.


Standing Balance And Spatiotemporal Aspects Of Gait Are Impaired Upon Nocturnal Awakening In Healthy Late Middle-Aged And Older Adults, Amanda L. McBean, Raymond P. Najjar, Ronald A. Schuchard, Courtney D. Hall, Cheng-Ann Wang, Ban Ku, Joseph M. Furman 2017 Stanford University

Standing Balance And Spatiotemporal Aspects Of Gait Are Impaired Upon Nocturnal Awakening In Healthy Late Middle-Aged And Older Adults, Amanda L. Mcbean, Raymond P. Najjar, Ronald A. Schuchard, Courtney D. Hall, Cheng-Ann Wang, Ban Ku, Joseph M. Furman

Courtney D. Hall

Study Objectives: Nocturnal awakenings may constitute a unique risk for falls among older adults. We describe differences in gait and balance between presleep and midsleep testing, and whether changes in the lighting environment during the midsleep testing further affect gait and balance.

Methods: Twenty-one healthy, late middle-aged and older (64.7 ± 8.0 y) adults participated in this repeated-measures design consisting of four overnight laboratory stays. Each night, participants completed baseline visual acuity, gait, and balance testing. After a 2-h sleep opportunity, they were awakened for 13 min into one of four lighting conditions: very dim white light (< 0.5 lux); dim white light (∼28.0 lux); dim orange light (∼28.0 lux); and white room-level light (∼200 lux). During this awakening, participants completed the same sequence of testing as at baseline.

Results: Low-contrast ...


Treatment For Vestibular Disorders: How Does Your Physical Therapist Treat Dizziness Related To Vestibular Problems?, Courtney D. Hall, Susan J. Herdman, Susan L. Whitney, Stephen P. Cass, Richard A. Clendaniel, Terry D. Fife 2017 East Tennessee State University

Treatment For Vestibular Disorders: How Does Your Physical Therapist Treat Dizziness Related To Vestibular Problems?, Courtney D. Hall, Susan J. Herdman, Susan L. Whitney, Stephen P. Cass, Richard A. Clendaniel, Terry D. Fife

Courtney D. Hall

Dizziness is very common, but it is never normal. Dizziness can make performing daily activities, work, and walking difficult. Many people get dizzy when they turn their head, which can cause problems with walking and makes people more likely to fall. Most of the time dizziness is not from a life-threatening disease. Often dizziness is because of a disorder of the vestibular (or inner ear balance) system. People can get vestibular disorders from infections in the ear, problems with the immune system, medications that harm the inner ear, and rarely from diabetes or stroke because of a lack of blood ...


A Cross- Sectional Study Of Stress Biomarkers And Their Associations With Post-Trauma Complaints, And How Those Associations Are Moderated By Early Life Adversity, Sadia Siraj 2017 The University of Western Ontario

A Cross- Sectional Study Of Stress Biomarkers And Their Associations With Post-Trauma Complaints, And How Those Associations Are Moderated By Early Life Adversity, Sadia Siraj

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Chronic musculoskeletal pain results in significant personal, economic, and social burden. Early identification and intervention in those people with acute pain that are likely to transition into a state of chronicity can prevent the onset of chronic pain before it emerges and becomes resistant to treatment. This study investigated the potential stress biomarkers associated with acute pain and disability and how those associations are influenced by early life adversities.

Stress level was determined according to the plasma level of stress biomarkers (cortisol, BDNF, TGFB1) and self-report measures of stress following musculoskeletal traumatic events. The magnitude and direction of associations of ...


Investigating The Needs Of Parents Of Premature Infants’ Interaction In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Maureen A. Rinehimer 2017 Seton Hall University

Investigating The Needs Of Parents Of Premature Infants’ Interaction In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Maureen A. Rinehimer

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Parents and/or caregivers of premature infants provide the interaction needed to promote better outcomes for these challenged infants at risk for developmental delays. This descriptive, exploratory study utilized convenience sampling. Inclusion criteria consisted of parents/caregivers who were at least 18 years of age and older with infants born 35 weeks gestation or less and currently in the NICU. This study focused on the research question: What do parents perceive they need in the NICU to enjoy interacting with their infant in the home? To collect the data needed to capture the perceptions of parent’s needs of infants ...


The Immediate Cardiovascular Response To Joint Mobilization Of The Neck - A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial In Pain-Free Adults, Emmanuel Yung, Cheongeun Oh, Michael Wong, Jason Grimes, Erica M. Barton, Muhammad I. Ali, David Cameron 2017 Sacred Heart University

The Immediate Cardiovascular Response To Joint Mobilization Of The Neck - A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial In Pain-Free Adults, Emmanuel Yung, Cheongeun Oh, Michael Wong, Jason Grimes, Erica M. Barton, Muhammad I. Ali, David Cameron

Jason K. Grimes

Background: Some normotensive patients can have a spike in resting systolic blood pressure (SBP) in response to acute neck pain. Applying the typical dosage of mobilization may potentially result in a sympatho-excitatory response, further increasing resting SBP. Therefore, there is a need to explore other dosage regimens that could result in a decrease in SBP.

Objectives: To compare the blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) response of pain-free, normotensive adults when receiving unilateral posterior-to-anterior mobilization (PA) applied to the neck versus its corresponding placebo (PA-P).

Study design: Double-Blind, Randomized Clinical Trial.


Aquatic Therapy For A Patient With Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome: A Case Report, Christine Tito, Judith Burton Hess 2017 Midwestern University, Downers Grove

Aquatic Therapy For A Patient With Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome: A Case Report, Christine Tito, Judith Burton Hess

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Background and Purpose: Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS) can have a debilitating effect on an individual’s quality of life. The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of interval training in an aquatic environment to decrease the symptoms of Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome. Aquatic therapy provides benefits for individuals with cardiovascular issues, mainly through the principle of hydrostatic pressure. Hydrostatic pressure aids in shunting the blood from the extremities back to the heart, thus increasing cardiac output while reducing the individual’s heart rate. Description: An 18 year-old female high school student who had been experiencing ...


Atrophy Of Gluteus Maximus Among Women With A History Of Chronic Low Back Pain., Amy H. Amabile, John H. Bolte, Saskia D. Richter 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Atrophy Of Gluteus Maximus Among Women With A History Of Chronic Low Back Pain., Amy H. Amabile, John H. Bolte, Saskia D. Richter

Department of Physical Therapy Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between low back pain (LBP) and the size of certain trunk muscles has been extensively studied, the relationship between gluteus maximus (GM) size and LBP has been only minimally examined. Determining whether such a relationship exists would help improve our understanding of the etiology of LBP, and possibly provide a rationale for the use of therapeutic exercise interventions targeting GM with LBP patients. The objective of this study was to compare gluteus maximus cross-sectional area in individuals with chronic LBP, and in a group of individuals without LBP. Our hypothesis was that individuals with LBP would ...


Review Of Best Practice In Cardiac Rehabilitation For Women, Osaimi Alosaimi, Angelica N. Reyes MScOT, Cary A. Brown PhD 2017 Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Canada

Review Of Best Practice In Cardiac Rehabilitation For Women, Osaimi Alosaimi, Angelica N. Reyes Mscot, Cary A. Brown Phd

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Cardiovascular disease is defined as damage to, or narrowing of, arteries due to atherosclerosis and is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity among women worldwide. Cardiovascular disease is recognized to be both a leading cause of mortality and an undertreated condition for women. The goals of this review manuscript are to present the current background literature specific to cardiac rehabilitation programs for women and serve as a knowledge translation strategy to help raise therapists’ awareness of the need for cardiac rehabilitation programs specifically designed for female patients. Methods: A review of best practice literature in cardiac rehabilitation for ...


Combining Online Education With International Service Learning To Increase Cultural Competence, Elaine Keane, Ingrid Provident 2017 Centro de Rehabilitación, Educación, Capacitación, Estudios y Recursos

Combining Online Education With International Service Learning To Increase Cultural Competence, Elaine Keane, Ingrid Provident

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

PURPOSE: Although international service learning has the capacity to promote a variety of important professional behaviors, merely visiting another country does not automatically result in these benefits. METHODS: This article describes an evidenced-based course which used pre-trip preparation in combination with a nine day service learning trip to Ecuador to develop cultural competence among 6 occupational and 6 physical therapy students. Pre-trip preparation included online and in-person components to increase self-awareness, awareness of other cultures, knowledge about Ecuadorian culture and skill-building. On-site activities included exploration of the physical and social context in addition to providing occupational and physical therapy treatment ...


How Do Individuals With Cerebral Palsy And Their Families Prefer To Receive And Use Evidence-Based Information To Individualize Services To Optimize Outcomes?, Tianna D. B. Deluzio 2017 The University of Western Ontario

How Do Individuals With Cerebral Palsy And Their Families Prefer To Receive And Use Evidence-Based Information To Individualize Services To Optimize Outcomes?, Tianna D. B. Deluzio

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The main objectives of this study were to: (1) describe the format in which children with cerebral palsy (CP) and their parents prefer to receive information pertaining to development; (2) understand how children with CP and their parents intend to use this information; and (3) gain insight on how children with CP wish to be represented in the information in terms of being both comprehensive and respectful. Ten children with CP and their parent(s) or guardian(s) participated. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and analyzed using constant comparative analysis. Eight themes were created related to the type and format of ...


Strength Training For Stress Urinary Incontinence In A Young, Nulliparous Female Athlete: A Case Report, Talia Rachel Gilmour 2017 University of New Mexico

Strength Training For Stress Urinary Incontinence In A Young, Nulliparous Female Athlete: A Case Report, Talia Rachel Gilmour

Doctor of Physical Therapy Capstones

Purpose: The purpose of this review is to analyze evidence-based research in an effort to answer the PICO question: In young, nulliparous, athletic females with stress incontinence, is lumbo-pelvic strength training and neuromuscular re-education to the pelvic floor as effective as strengthening of the pelvic floor through kegels alone, in decreasing frequency of Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI)?

Background: It is now understood that Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) is highly prevalent in female athletes, however the mechanism of this pathology is not well understood. At this time there is a paucity of literature regarding interventions for SUI in young female athletes ...


Reliability And Validity Of A Biomechanically Based Analysis Method For The Tennis Serve, Natalie L. Myers, W. Ben Kibler, Leah Lamborn, Belinda J. Smith, Tony English, Cale A. Jacobs, Timothy L. Uhl 2017 University of Kentucky

Reliability And Validity Of A Biomechanically Based Analysis Method For The Tennis Serve, Natalie L. Myers, W. Ben Kibler, Leah Lamborn, Belinda J. Smith, Tony English, Cale A. Jacobs, Timothy L. Uhl

Timothy L. Uhl

Background: An observational tennis serve analysis (OTSA) tool was developed using previously established body positions from three-dimensional kinematic motion analysis studies. These positions, defined as nodes, have been associated with efficient force production and minimal joint loading. However, the tool has yet to be examined scientifically.

Purpose: The primary purpose of this investigation was to determine the inter-observer reliability for each node between two health care professionals (HCPs) that developed the OTSA, and secondarily to investigate the validity of the OTSA.

Methods: Two separate studies were performed to meet these objectives. An inter-observer reliability study preceded the validity study by ...


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