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The Use Of Mindfulness Meditation To Increase The Efficacy Of Mirror Visual Feedback For Reducing Phantom Limb Pain In Amputees, Nicolas Sebastian Mills 2021 University of San Francisco

The Use Of Mindfulness Meditation To Increase The Efficacy Of Mirror Visual Feedback For Reducing Phantom Limb Pain In Amputees, Nicolas Sebastian Mills

Doctoral Dissertations

Phantom limb pain is a chronic pain condition that negatively impacts the lives of over half of amputees, and results in considerable morbidity. Currently, there is no gold standard for treatment for phantom limb pain. However, a frequently used intervention is the use of mirror visual feedback, in which the amputee watches the reflection of the adjacent non-amputated limb move and exercise. In the last few decades, mindfulness-based interventions have been increasingly used with individuals living with different types of chronic pain. This study attempts to discover if the addition of a mindfulness-based intervention, such as guided meditation, will augment ...


Implementing The Hodgson Red Yellow Green Mobilization Consensus Recommendation In A Medical And Surgical Icu: A Retrospective Study Exploring The Effectiveness Of An Early Mobilization Decision Protocol In Icu, Swati Patel 2020 Seton Hall University

Implementing The Hodgson Red Yellow Green Mobilization Consensus Recommendation In A Medical And Surgical Icu: A Retrospective Study Exploring The Effectiveness Of An Early Mobilization Decision Protocol In Icu, Swati Patel

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Background: More than 4 million people are admitted annually to intensive care units (ICUs). Due to immobility, many ICU survivors experience significant cognitive, psychological, and physically disabling side effects regardless of admitting diagnosis. Multiple studies and quality improvement projects have shown the safety, feasibility, and benefits of early mobilization in the ICU setting. Hodgson et al (2014) published consensus recommendations for safe active mobilization of mechanically ventilated critically ill adults. To date, there is no standardized and simple triage protocol for identifying patients for early mobilization. No study so far has described operationalizing and implementing the Red-Yellow-Green system described by ...


Effect Of Active Isolated Stretching And Static Stretching On Vertical Jump Performance And Flexibility, Jennifer Garcia 2020 University of North Georgia

Effect Of Active Isolated Stretching And Static Stretching On Vertical Jump Performance And Flexibility, Jennifer Garcia

Honors Theses

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of AIS compared to static stretching on countermovement jump height production. Currently, only a few studies have conducted research on AIS and CMJ. None of which compared the differences in power production between static stretching and AIS. Most studies show 30 or 60-second holds per muscle group for static stretching. This study will utilize a static stretching and AIS protocol of 45 second hold per muscle group for a total stretch volume of 6 minutes, which meets the American College of Sports Medicine guidelines (ACSM, 2018).


Reliability Of The Arch Height Index Tool As A Foot Measure In Children Ages 1-7 Years, Jessica White, Anna Rushing, Katie Durisek 2020 University of Dayton

Reliability Of The Arch Height Index Tool As A Foot Measure In Children Ages 1-7 Years, Jessica White, Anna Rushing, Katie Durisek

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Background/Purpose: An objective and reliable measure is needed to track longitudinal changes in the young child’s foot. The Arch Height Index (AHI) tool measures the arch height of a foot. There is one study investigating the reliability of the AHI tool in children ages 6-12 years. Currently, no studies have determined the reliability of the AHI tool in children younger than 6 years. The purpose of this study was to determine the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the AHI tool in daycare, preschool and early school-aged children as an objective foot measure.

Methods: Thirty-two children (13 males, 19 ...


Effects Of Extracurricular Physical Activity On Strength, Balance, Endurance And Quality Of Life On Children With Disabilities, Christy Lee, Alana Mathews, Kayla Ayers, Madison Weisbarth, Melissa Spurbeck 2020 University of Dayton

Effects Of Extracurricular Physical Activity On Strength, Balance, Endurance And Quality Of Life On Children With Disabilities, Christy Lee, Alana Mathews, Kayla Ayers, Madison Weisbarth, Melissa Spurbeck

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Background/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of extracurricular physical activity on strength, balance, endurance and quality of life on children with disabilities.

Methods: Eighteen children (10 males, 8 females) ranging in age from 11-18 years participated in a local inclusive kickball program. All children and their parents were aware that participation was voluntary and signed consent or assent forms. Diagnoses of the children included Down Syndrome, Asbergers, Expressive Language Delay and Developmental Delay. The children participated in 60 minute kickball sessions led by a program director, 1 time per week for 6 weeks. The ...


Frontal And Sagittal Plane Lower Extremity Mechanics During Single-Limb Squatting In Chronic Ankle Instability, David M. Werner, Kati Brubakken, Claire Grace, Mike Lawless, Aaron Lewis, Marc McCuen, Dennis Mirosh, Joaquin Alberto Barrios 2020 University of Dayton

Frontal And Sagittal Plane Lower Extremity Mechanics During Single-Limb Squatting In Chronic Ankle Instability, David M. Werner, Kati Brubakken, Claire Grace, Mike Lawless, Aaron Lewis, Marc Mccuen, Dennis Mirosh, Joaquin Alberto Barrios

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Background/Purpose: Chronic ankle instability is a common sequelae to the lateral ankle sprain. Individuals with CAI have a higher risk of developing osteoarthritis and reporting lower quality of life scores. Biomechanical variations have been observed in individuals with CAI during ambulation and landing. To the authors’ knowledge there are no studies investigating the biomechanical profile of the SLS in individuals with CAI. The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanics of the SLS in individuals with unilateral CAI. We hypothesized that inter-limb biomechanical differences would be observed in individuals with unilateral CAI.

Methods: Participants were recruited from ...


Effect Of Ankle-Foot Orthosis On Reactive Stepping In Healthy Young Adults: A Pilot Study, Kyra Twohy, Hunter Andrews, Ryan Christopher, Aaron Scott, Katie Valentine, Kurt Jackson 2020 University of Dayton

Effect Of Ankle-Foot Orthosis On Reactive Stepping In Healthy Young Adults: A Pilot Study, Kyra Twohy, Hunter Andrews, Ryan Christopher, Aaron Scott, Katie Valentine, Kurt Jackson

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Background/Purpose: Ankle-Foot orthoses (AFOs) are commonly used in individuals with neurologic disorders such as MS and stroke. However, a rigid style of AFO may impact an individual's ability to complete dynamic balance tasks especially reactive stepping movements in the instance of losing balance. The impact a rigid AFO has on reactive stepping has not been investigated. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the impact rigid AFOs have on reactive stepping preference in healthy young adults, thus providing preliminary data on healthy individuals’ stepping strategies that could be used for further research with more neurologically-involved populations ...


Scapular Acceleration During Upper Extremity Elevation In Healthy Individuals With And Without Scapular Dyskinesis, Joseph M. Day, Taylor Hunter, Kayla Eiben, Yitz Berger 2020 University of Dayton

Scapular Acceleration During Upper Extremity Elevation In Healthy Individuals With And Without Scapular Dyskinesis, Joseph M. Day, Taylor Hunter, Kayla Eiben, Yitz Berger

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Background/Purpose: Individuals with upper extremity pathology often present with altered scapular motion and muscle performance. There are few clinical tools that are capable of collecting specific and efficient data on alterations in scapular motion and even fewer studies have looked at variations in scapular acceleration. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of wireless accelerometers for detecting changes in acceleration in individuals with and without scapular dyskinesis.

Methods: Twenty-seven subjects, mean age 24 (SD1.49). Healthy subjects were visually screened for scapular dyskinesis. Subjects were positioned in a standardized standing posture and anatomical references ...


Arm Function In Women Treated For Breast Cancer, Mary Insana Fisher, Anne Fleischer, Taylor Bergin, Christine DeLong 2020 University of Dayton

Arm Function In Women Treated For Breast Cancer, Mary Insana Fisher, Anne Fleischer, Taylor Bergin, Christine Delong

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Background/Purpose: Women with breast cancer (WBC) report decreased function following cancer treatment, yet objective measures of function typically return within the first year after surgery. Kinesiophobia, or fear of physical activity (PA), has been documented following other musculoskeletal pathologies. This study explored the relationships between fear of PA and self-reported arm function, QOL, perceived stress, and objective measures of range of motion (ROM), strength, and muscular endurance in WBC.

Methods: Women (n=30) diagnosed with stage 0-3 breast cancer 6-60 months prior to enrollment participated; WBC were excluded with metastatic disease, shoulder pathology, or history of shoulder/neck surgery ...


Predicting Falls In Community-Dwelling Older Adults Using The Repetitive Step Test, Harold L. Merriman, Kurt Jackson, Jamie Wynk, Megan Gordon, Kathryn Quinn, Sarah Welsh 2020 University of Dayton

Predicting Falls In Community-Dwelling Older Adults Using The Repetitive Step Test, Harold L. Merriman, Kurt Jackson, Jamie Wynk, Megan Gordon, Kathryn Quinn, Sarah Welsh

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Background/Purpose: The Repetitive Step Test (RST) is a newly developed dynamic balance test that requires stepping in multiple directions. It has previously demonstrated excellent test-retest and inter-rater reliability, along with ability to retrospectively classify individuals who had fallen more than once in 12 months though its ability to predict falls has not been evaluated. This study aimed to determine the capability of the RST to identify individuals likely to fall prospectively over 12 months.

Methods: 63 community-dwelling adults >65 years old were tested using the following balance and mobility measures: RST, 10 Meter Walk Test (10MWT), Activities-specific Balance Confidence ...


The Association Between Y-Balance And The Delos Postural Proprioceptive System In Professional Basketball Players, Philip A. Anloague, Shawn Windle, Grady Garno, Mike Lewandowski, Caleb Norton, Ryan Smerke, Sierra Speck, Jenna Stoner, Aaron Strausbaugh 2020 University of Dayton

The Association Between Y-Balance And The Delos Postural Proprioceptive System In Professional Basketball Players, Philip A. Anloague, Shawn Windle, Grady Garno, Mike Lewandowski, Caleb Norton, Ryan Smerke, Sierra Speck, Jenna Stoner, Aaron Strausbaugh

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Background/Purpose: Lower extremity injury is common in professional basketball. The Y-Balance Test (YBT) and the Delos Postural Proprioceptive System (DPPS) have been purported to assess dynamic postural control and balance, which has been associated with injury in elite athletics. It has been reported that performance on balance assessments is influenced by many factors that include mobility, strength, and proprioception. The purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate the relationship between DPPS and YBT performance in professional basketball players.

Methods: 13 professional basketball players (age=25.5 yrs +/- 3.9, height = 2.00 m +/- .079 weight = 99.89 kg ...


The Relationship Between Knee Valgus And Clinical Measures In Professional Basketball: A Cart Analysis, Philip A. Anloague, Donald S. Strack, Carl Eaton, Joshua David Corbeil, Steven Michael Short, Paul John Insana, Stephanie Lynn Nazario 2020 University of Dayton

The Relationship Between Knee Valgus And Clinical Measures In Professional Basketball: A Cart Analysis, Philip A. Anloague, Donald S. Strack, Carl Eaton, Joshua David Corbeil, Steven Michael Short, Paul John Insana, Stephanie Lynn Nazario

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Background/Purpose: Lower extremity injuries occur at an amplified rate in professional basketball. Evidence suggests that knee frontal plane valgus may be associated with risk of injury. The Landing Error Scoring System includes the assessment of maximum knee valgus during a countermovement jump. The investigation of interactions among linear and non-linear factors may help the understanding of the interdependence of various measures and poor performance on the knee valgus displacement (KVD) component of the LESS in professional basketball players. The purpose of this study was to investigate predictors of knee valgus displacement on the LESS. We hypothesize that a positive ...


Potential Benefits Of Physical Therapy For Individuals With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Rebecca Soito 2020 University of Rhode Island

Potential Benefits Of Physical Therapy For Individuals With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Rebecca Soito

Senior Honors Projects

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. ALS is associated with progressive motor deficits and paralysis of the muscles that control limb movement, swallowing, and breathing. As ALS progresses, the muscles responsible for fine and gross motor functions are affected and motor skills decline. Typical life expectancy of people with ALS is 2-5 years after symptom onset. The most common cause of death for individuals with ALS is respiratory failure. There is no current curative treatment for ALS but symptoms can be managed through multidisciplinary care. The ...


Holistic Lifestyle Counseling By Physical Therapists: Current Practice And Barriers To Improvement, Savannah Grogan 2020 Murray State University

Holistic Lifestyle Counseling By Physical Therapists: Current Practice And Barriers To Improvement, Savannah Grogan

Honors College Theses

Context: Unhealthy lifestyle habits are a significant risk factor for chronic disease and death in the United States of America. The healthcare system is largely focused on symptom-management and disease treatment with seemingly little regard for prevention, but physical therapists are particularly well-placed to improve patients’ health through lifestyle counseling and modification. Objectives: To assess the current state of holistic health promotion among physical therapists and to identify barriers to improving these practices. Design: An electronic survey was completed by physical therapists in and around the state of Kentucky. Descriptive statistics were used to assess participant demographics and the state ...


Hospital To Home: Fall Prevention Interventions For The Discharging Patient, Joy Bridewell 2020 Winona State University

Hospital To Home: Fall Prevention Interventions For The Discharging Patient, Joy Bridewell

Nursing Masters Papers

Falls is a major public health problem globally, with an estimated 646,000 fatal falls per year. This makes falls the second leading cause of unintentional injury death. Falls are very costly with non-fatal fall injuries costing about $50 billion per year and fatal falls with an estimated $754 million. Many risk factors contribute to a person’s risk of falling. Risk factors include age, gender, muscle strength, underlying medical or disabling conditions, and unsafe environments. Patients who have been hospitalized are also among those at risk. Most hospitalized patients are assessed frequently to determine their risk of falling so ...


El Baloncesto Es Vida: A Look Into Strength And Conditioning, Physical Therapy, And Coaching During My Internship Abroad, Jessica Doublesin 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

El Baloncesto Es Vida: A Look Into Strength And Conditioning, Physical Therapy, And Coaching During My Internship Abroad, Jessica Doublesin

Health, Human Performance and Recreation Undergraduate Honors Theses

Introduction: An experience abroad can help a person grow in confidence and knowledge and allow them to immerse themselves in a new culture. During my time in Valencia, Spain, I was able to work at a youth basketball club, CB L’Horta Godella, alongside the club’s strength and conditioning coaches and the physical therapist and be a coach for the young athletes. The fact that I lived with a Spanish family and had an open mindset towards making friends and exploring new things allowed me to grow closer to the culture in Spain. By using my knowledge and passion ...


A Capacitive Sensing Gym Mat For Exercise Classification & Tracking, Adam Goertz 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

A Capacitive Sensing Gym Mat For Exercise Classification & Tracking, Adam Goertz

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Effective monitoring of adherence to at-home exercise programs as prescribed by physiotherapy protocols is essential to promoting effective rehabilitation and therapeutic interventions. Currently physical therapists and other health professionals have no reliable means of tracking patients' progress in or adherence to a prescribed regimen. This project aims to develop a low-cost, privacy-conserving means of monitoring at-home exercise activity using a gym mat equipped with an array of capacitive sensors. The ability of the mat to classify different types of exercises was evaluated using several machine learning models trained on an existing dataset of physiotherapy exercises.


Parent Perception Of Effectiveness Of Educational Materials, Rachel Conti, Youstina Gerges, Amy Gladis, Amanda Off, Lauren Paxton, Jerret Schunk, Susan Ronan 2020 New York Medical College

Parent Perception Of Effectiveness Of Educational Materials, Rachel Conti, Youstina Gerges, Amy Gladis, Amanda Off, Lauren Paxton, Jerret Schunk, Susan Ronan

Annual SHSP Student Research and Scholarship Day

No abstract provided.


The Symbiome Project: An Exploratory Investigation Of The Biological, Psychological, And Social Mechanisms That Contribute To The Transition From Acute To Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain, Joshua Y. Lee 2020 The University of Western Ontario

The Symbiome Project: An Exploratory Investigation Of The Biological, Psychological, And Social Mechanisms That Contribute To The Transition From Acute To Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain, Joshua Y. Lee

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation presents the initial findings of the SYMBIOME project; which attempts to combine the objective and subjective aspects of musculoskeletal pain to develop a prognostic clinical phenotype. Chapter 2 presents a moderator analysis of functional outcomes (pain interference and pain severity). Psychosocial moderators can affect the relationship between biomarkers and pain. For pain severity, TNF-α, TGF-β1, and CRP were moderated by employment status, pre-existing psychopathology, and sex. For pain interference, IL-1β, cortisol, TGF-β1, CRP, and IL-6 were moderated by pre-existing pain, peri-traumatic fear, region of injury, and peri-traumatic stress. Chapter 3 presents a latent growth curve analysis in determining ...


Assessment Of Intrinsic Hand Neuromuscular Physiology, Philemon Tsang 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Assessment Of Intrinsic Hand Neuromuscular Physiology, Philemon Tsang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Alterations to the peripheral nervous system and neuromuscular physiology may impact hand function in a typical or clinical population, such as individuals with ulnar neuropathy. The mechanisms that influence these positive and negative changes are still not well understood. The three studies within my thesis aim to validate the reliability of decomposition-based quantitative electromyography (DQEMG) measurements and explore the changes in intrinsic hand neuromuscular physiology in a typical aging population and individuals recovering from a surgical intervention for severe ulnar neuropathy.

The purpose of the first study was to determine the test-retest reliability of near-fibre (NF) jiggle, a measure of ...


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