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Correlation Of Various Heart Rate Measures And Borg Cr10 Ratings Within The First Five Minutes Of Moderate- And Vigorous-Intensity Exercise, Maia Janae Gabrielson SPT, Maddison Elizabeth Hajek SPT, Kiana Lynn Hoff SPT, Rachel Marie Schmitz SPT, Jamie Lynn Schweiss SPT 2023 University of South Dakota

Correlation Of Various Heart Rate Measures And Borg Cr10 Ratings Within The First Five Minutes Of Moderate- And Vigorous-Intensity Exercise, Maia Janae Gabrielson Spt, Maddison Elizabeth Hajek Spt, Kiana Lynn Hoff Spt, Rachel Marie Schmitz Spt, Jamie Lynn Schweiss Spt

Physical Therapy Student Research Projects

Aerobic exercise is a crucial component of an individual’s health regimen. Target heart rate (HR), using HR, percentage of maximum HR, or percentage of HR reserve offers an objective manner to gauge exercise intensity. Rate of perceived exertion (RPE) using either the traditional or modified scale (Borg CR10) offer a subjective option for measuring individual exercise intensity. The purpose of this research study was to investigate the relationship of various HR measures with subjective report of exercise intensity via the Borg CR10 scale during the first five minutes of exercise geared towards moderate and vigorous intensity. Thirty-four college-aged participants ...


The Effects Of Balance Exercises On Lower Extremity Injury Prevention: A Systematic Review, Madason Gene Leif SPT, Bailey James Neises SPT, Zach Thomas Sebern SPT, Ryan John Hanks SPT 2023 University of South Dakota

The Effects Of Balance Exercises On Lower Extremity Injury Prevention: A Systematic Review, Madason Gene Leif Spt, Bailey James Neises Spt, Zach Thomas Sebern Spt, Ryan John Hanks Spt

Physical Therapy Student Research Projects

Background: Previous systematic reviews have identified injury risk predictors of sport-related lower extremity (LE) injuries based on exercise programs. There are limited studies indicating the advantage of single-leg balance (SLB) training and its effectiveness in lowering injury rates. Research Question: Investigate which types of balance training were used in effective injury prevention programs. Methods: A systematic review utilizing the SPORTDiscus and PubMed databases. Inclusion criteria were randomized controlled trials from the last 10 years that included LE injury prevention, a balance training component and participants aged 10-30. Results: 5 studies were included in the qualitative synthesis, comprising 2,926 athletes ...


A Cross-Sectional Cohort Of The Healthy Older Adult Population’S Ability With Left Right Judgment Task, Cody Jay Davis SPT, Aleesha Kristine Kreutzfeldt SPT, Ali A. Kuca SPT, Whitney Anne Smith SPT, Bailey Marie Volmer SPT 2023 University of South Dakota

A Cross-Sectional Cohort Of The Healthy Older Adult Population’S Ability With Left Right Judgment Task, Cody Jay Davis Spt, Aleesha Kristine Kreutzfeldt Spt, Ali A. Kuca Spt, Whitney Anne Smith Spt, Bailey Marie Volmer Spt

Physical Therapy Student Research Projects

Over 100 million US adults suffer from chronic pain, many older adults. In some cases, chronic pain has been shown to alter a person’s body schema and thus their motor imagery ability. Clinically, a measurement of left/right judgment (LRJ) has been used to measure motor imagery. Evidence suggests differences can be found in individuals’ LRJ reaction times and accuracy for those with pain compared to those without. Limited study has been done in the area of LRJ in an older population. The primary objective of this study is to explore LRJ norms for older adults. The secondary aim ...


Impact Of Perfectionism, Social Media, And Sleep Hygiene, On Stress In Students From Health Professions Programs, Dayton Duane Braley SPT, Madisyn Ann Dingmann SPT, Brooke Elizabeth Grussing SPT, Justin Daniel Heinrichs SPT, Trystin Renae Nilson SPT 2023 University of South Dakota

Impact Of Perfectionism, Social Media, And Sleep Hygiene, On Stress In Students From Health Professions Programs, Dayton Duane Braley Spt, Madisyn Ann Dingmann Spt, Brooke Elizabeth Grussing Spt, Justin Daniel Heinrichs Spt, Trystin Renae Nilson Spt

Physical Therapy Student Research Projects

Title: Impact of Perfectionism, Social Media, and Sleep Hygiene, on Stress in Students from Health Professions Programs

Purpose: Explore the impact and relationships of perfectionism, sleep, and social media on stress in health profession students.

Methods: After IRB approval, 62 health pre-professional/professional students completed this non-experimental survey via Qualtrics. The survey consisted of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), questions about social media usage, and demographic characteristics. Surveys were completed in 2021.

Results: Participant demographics included: 50 female, 12 male; Mean Age (24.16); Program of Study (23 PT, 9 ...


Knowledge, Awareness, And Intercultural Communication Effectiveness Among Us And Egyptian Student Physical Therapists Following An Educational Intervention, Jordyn Ann Bernstein SPT, Alysa Nichole Gregg SPT, Jessica Deanne Schmidt SPT 2023 University of South Dakota

Knowledge, Awareness, And Intercultural Communication Effectiveness Among Us And Egyptian Student Physical Therapists Following An Educational Intervention, Jordyn Ann Bernstein Spt, Alysa Nichole Gregg Spt, Jessica Deanne Schmidt Spt

Physical Therapy Student Research Projects

Widespread technology has enhanced international collaboration opportunities. In healthcare professions, communication amongst different cultures is an essential skill to help professionals excel in diverse clinical settings. Physical Therapy programs in the US address the need for cultural competence with classroom activities, but direct interactions with student physical therapists (SPTs) from differing countries are rare. The goal of the study was to investigate changes in intercultural communication effectiveness among US and Egyptian SPTs following four educational sessions. Each session featured an educational video about aspects related to physical therapy in each country and was followed by small group discussions, during which ...


Achilles Tendon Stiffness Of Division 1 Track And Field Athletes, Erin Luken SPT, Sydney Gustaf SPT, Jessica Thum, Drew Peters SPT, Jason Polzin 2023 University of South Dakota

Achilles Tendon Stiffness Of Division 1 Track And Field Athletes, Erin Luken Spt, Sydney Gustaf Spt, Jessica Thum, Drew Peters Spt, Jason Polzin

Physical Therapy Student Research Projects

Background: No previous research provides data on Achilles tendon (AT) stiffness of Division 1 (D1) track and field (TF) athletes. Limited information is known on what variables influence tendon stiffness in athletes. AT stiffness may have an impact on injury and performance in D1 TF athletes, warranting research. The purpose of this study is to identify if there are factors that correlate with AT stiffness among D1 TF athletes.

Methods: Fifty-one D1 TF athletes voluntarily participated in a cross-sectional study of AT biomechanical measurements at the beginning of the fall season. The MyotonPro was used for measurements at the midline ...


What’S All The Racket? Comparing Physical Health Outcomes Between Pickleball And Tennis In Older Athletes, Megan Doneen Wilson SPT, Ashley Nicole Meldrum SPT, Austin Jeffrey Buchholz SPT, Andrew David Taverna SPT, Michael John Olson SPT 2023 University of South Dakota

What’S All The Racket? Comparing Physical Health Outcomes Between Pickleball And Tennis In Older Athletes, Megan Doneen Wilson Spt, Ashley Nicole Meldrum Spt, Austin Jeffrey Buchholz Spt, Andrew David Taverna Spt, Michael John Olson Spt

Physical Therapy Student Research Projects

Background: Pickleball is rising in popularity, especially among older adults. Pickleball boasts psychological and physical benefits to aging athletes. Singles pickleball has been found to approximate brisk walking in metabolic equivalents (METs) at 4.1, while the METs level for singles tennis is 7.0-8.0. The physical health benefits of tennis are known to be positive while those of pickleball are still being explored. With objective differences in MET level it may be surmised that health outcomes might vary between the two sports.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use the Senior Athlete Fitness Exam (SAFE) to ...


The Practice Of Dry Needling In Physical Therapy, Sarah A. Robertson 2022 Portland State University

The Practice Of Dry Needling In Physical Therapy, Sarah A. Robertson

University Honors Theses

This thesis is a systematic review that discusses the current state of the treatment modality of "Dry Needling" in the field of physical therapy. To do this current studies of the patient outcomes associated with Dry Needling are analyzed and discussed, as well as legislation at both the state and national levels.


Reliability Of Accelerometer-Based Reaction Time Tests, Jacob Hepp, Warner Rhodes, Jordan Walton, Rahul Soangra, Brent Harper 2022 Chapman University

Reliability Of Accelerometer-Based Reaction Time Tests, Jacob Hepp, Warner Rhodes, Jordan Walton, Rahul Soangra, Brent Harper

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Concussions are traumatic brain injuries that affect the function of the brain. One of the primary symptoms of a concussion is a lack of reaction time. The people that are most susceptible to concussions are athletes; Laker’s (2011) study found that 135,000 patients that suffer concussions from playing sports are expected to be hospitalized each year, with football making up 75% of concussions at high school and college levels. Honda et al. (2018) suggested reaction time as an important biomarker of concussion. Laboratory camera-based motion capture data, while reliable, is not a realistic tool to use outside of ...


Multi-Disciplinary Biopsychosocial Approach In Low Back Pain Benchmark Study, Liza Beth Cocanougher Short RN, MS 2022 University of Texas at Tyler

Multi-Disciplinary Biopsychosocial Approach In Low Back Pain Benchmark Study, Liza Beth Cocanougher Short Rn, Ms

MSN Capstone Projects

Low back pain (LBP) is the third most common reason people seek care in America and is the primary reason for missed work days. Working in a pain clinic for eight years and managing research studies directed toward improving low back pain in patients was the motivation for choosing the evidence based intervention in this population. The health care professionals (HCP) in the pain clinic usually have a conversation with the patients who have acute or subacute onset of LBP about their disease and give them a written handout with exercises and ask them to perform these exercises at home ...


Reliability And Validity Of Inertial Sensor Assisted Reaction Time Measurement Tools Among Healthy Young Adults, Brent Harper, Michael Shiraishi, Rahul Soangra 2022 Chapman University

Reliability And Validity Of Inertial Sensor Assisted Reaction Time Measurement Tools Among Healthy Young Adults, Brent Harper, Michael Shiraishi, Rahul Soangra

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

The assessment of movement reaction time (RT) as a sideline assessment is a valuable biomarker for mild TBI or concussion. However, such assessments require controlled laboratory environments, which may not be feasible for sideline testing during a game. Body-worn wearable devices are advantageous as being cost-effective, easy to don and use, wirelessly transmit data, and ensure unhindered movement performance. This study aimed to develop a Drop-stick Test System (DTS) with a wireless inertial sensor and confirm its reliability for different standing conditions (Foam versus No Foam) and task types (Single versus Dual), and postures (Standing versus sitting). Fourteen healthy young ...


Kinematic And Kinetic Gait Characteristics In People With Patellofemoral Pain: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Harvi Hart Dr. 2022 Western University

Kinematic And Kinetic Gait Characteristics In People With Patellofemoral Pain: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Harvi Hart Dr.

Physical Therapy Publications

Abstract

Background

Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a prevalent knee condition with many proposed biomechanically orientated etiological factors and treatments.

Objective

We aimed to systematically review and synthesize the evidence for biomechanical variables (spatiotemporal, kinematic, kinetic) during walking and running in people with PFP compared with pain-free controls, and determine if biomechanical variables contribute to the development of PFP.

Design

Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Data sources

We searched Medline, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Embase, and Web of Science from inception to October 2021.

Eligibility criteria for selecting studies

All study designs (prospective, case–control [± interventional component, provided pre-intervention data were reported for both ...


Effects Of Treadmill Interventions On Infants With Developmental Delays Presenting With Mild And Severe Impairments: A Case Series, Eric Nguyen SPT, Nicolle Gerchak SPT 2022 University of Puget Sound

Effects Of Treadmill Interventions On Infants With Developmental Delays Presenting With Mild And Severe Impairments: A Case Series, Eric Nguyen Spt, Nicolle Gerchak Spt

Physical Therapy Research Symposium

Background: Physical development delays can severely limit a child’s ability to explore and learn about their environment. Evidence supports that this exploration promotes a child’s development in cognition, language acquisition, social skills, and further physical skills. Thus, interventions that target and improve early mobility can be highly valuable to a child’s life. Treadmill training in infants with developmental delays has shown to be an effective intervention in moving infants toward earlier independent walking and improved gross motor function.

Purpose: This study aims to explore the potential benefits of an established treadmill training program in infants with varying ...


Covid Restrictions Did Not Decrease Physical Activity In Community-Dwelling Older Adults, Jillian Stoewer SPT, Cara Filce SPT, Holly J. Roberts PT, PhD, GCS, NCS 2022 University of Puget Sound

Covid Restrictions Did Not Decrease Physical Activity In Community-Dwelling Older Adults, Jillian Stoewer Spt, Cara Filce Spt, Holly J. Roberts Pt, Phd, Gcs, Ncs

Physical Therapy Research Symposium

Background

Understanding the long-term impacts of COVID-19-related stay-at-home orders on physical activity can help clinicians prepare for consequences that may impact their patient populations.

Purpose

This study examined effects of the 2020 COVID-19 stay-at-home orders on physical activity levels in community-dwelling older adults including the number of hours they spent walking outside of the home and working/volunteering in the community.

Methods

Eighty-nine participants completed a monthly Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) for 10 months. One-way repeated measures ANOVAs with post hoc analyses were calculated to determine differences among PASE scores, PASE item 2 scores, and work/volunteer ...


From Zoom To The Clinic: Unique Student Challenges In Physical Therapy Clinical Education, Amy Both, Jaclyn Catherine Carson, Matthew B. Garber, Heather Marie Mack, Nicole M. Sleddens 2022 University of Toledo

From Zoom To The Clinic: Unique Student Challenges In Physical Therapy Clinical Education, Amy Both, Jaclyn Catherine Carson, Matthew B. Garber, Heather Marie Mack, Nicole M. Sleddens

Posters and Presentations: Physical Therapy

While the abrupt shift in PT education (PTE) brought on by the pandemic created opportunities for educational innovation, it also brought relational separation and fragmented learning due to lockdowns, social distancing, face masks, and communication limited to virtual platforms. Academic programs increased use of virtual learning, rearranged curriculum, reduced lab and simulated learning time, and provided fewer, if any, opportunities for service learning and patient contact. Clinic sites paused clinic education experiences or hosted fewer students to maintain social distancing and limit disease exposure. As PTE returns to more typical curricular schedules and practices, it is important to be aware ...


Developing A Rapid Assessment Program For Student Success In Clinical Education, Nicole M. Sleddens, Betsy J. Becker, Grace Johnson, Joseph F. Norman 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Developing A Rapid Assessment Program For Student Success In Clinical Education, Nicole M. Sleddens, Betsy J. Becker, Grace Johnson, Joseph F. Norman

Posters and Presentations: Physical Therapy

Successful management of the struggling student in the clinic relies heavily on the early identification of clinical performance deficits. CIs who directly observe student performance, actions and behaviors should aim for early and precise identification of difficulties, which should lead to initial discussions with the student. If the student's struggles require involvement from the educational institution, the CI should promptly contact and collaborate with the DCE. Early communication with the DCE is beneficial, as they can provide support for CIs overwhelmed by the difficulties that accompany working with a challenging student. The DCE provides guidance on determining the depth ...


Effectiveness Of Simulation-Based Learning Compared To Integrated Clinical Experience In Development Of Dpt Students’ Clinical Decision-Making Skills, Derrick F. Campbell PT, DPT, Sc.D, Kristy Demers, Masoor Alameri, Fabian Bizama 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Effectiveness Of Simulation-Based Learning Compared To Integrated Clinical Experience In Development Of Dpt Students’ Clinical Decision-Making Skills, Derrick F. Campbell Pt, Dpt, Sc.D, Kristy Demers, Masoor Alameri, Fabian Bizama

Education Collection

Background: Simulation-based learning has a significant footprint on entry-level physical therapy programs. Students’ clinical decision-making (CDM) skills development through simulation-based learning (SBL) format when compared to the Integrated Clinical Experience (ICE) remains unknown. Self-efficacy of Clinical and CDM skills tool measures clinical skills, clinical decision-making, and total self-efficacy of clinical and CDM skills.2 A need to evaluate the effectiveness of simulation-based learning compared to ICE in development of CDM skills

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of simulation-based learning and the Integrated Clinical Experience (ICE) in the development of DPT student clinical decision-making skills ...


Bruce Protocol Test Affects Postural Stability In Healthy Young Adults, Andreas Germanos, Tessa Heiberg, Annie Jeon, Emi Heisterkamp, Hao Giang, Jessica Cota, Laura Corona, Thomas Loi, Vincent Bovino, Shayce Cordero, Sunny Kim, Michael Shiraishi, Rahul Soangra 2022 Chapman University

Bruce Protocol Test Affects Postural Stability In Healthy Young Adults, Andreas Germanos, Tessa Heiberg, Annie Jeon, Emi Heisterkamp, Hao Giang, Jessica Cota, Laura Corona, Thomas Loi, Vincent Bovino, Shayce Cordero, Sunny Kim, Michael Shiraishi, Rahul Soangra

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

Maintaining balance is key in avoiding falls and injury. However, little is known on how increased cardiac activity may affect postural stability. This study investigated if increase in cardiac activity to 85% maximal heart rate (HR) when exercising with standard Bruce Protocol Test (BPT) influence postural sway. Ten young adults were tested for three postural stances, quiet bilateral standing with i) eyes open, ii) eyes closed, and iii) tandem stance, before and after performing the BPT. Resting Heart Rate (HR) and HR variability along with standard postural sway parameters like sway velocity, sway area, turn index, and power frequency in ...


Student Wellness During Curriculum Implementation Of A Lifestyle Medicine Approach Within The Social-Ecological Model: A Longitudinal Study, Betsy J. Becker, Anne Skinner, Tessa Wells, Kathleen G. Volkman, Nicole M. Sleddens, Teresa Cochran 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Student Wellness During Curriculum Implementation Of A Lifestyle Medicine Approach Within The Social-Ecological Model: A Longitudinal Study, Betsy J. Becker, Anne Skinner, Tessa Wells, Kathleen G. Volkman, Nicole M. Sleddens, Teresa Cochran

Posters and Presentations: Physical Therapy

Purpose

The student-life experience is an ideal time to implement lifelong wellness behaviors needed for the professional role. The ongoing effects of the COVID pandemic have amplified the need for Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) educational programs to train an emerging workforce that can, through personal wellness, withstand the stressors of personal and professional lives. The study purpose is to: a) evaluate the change in student wellness from matriculation to mid-program to completion after implementation of a curriculum based on a lifestyle medicine approach within the Social-Ecological Model, and b) compare student wellness between cohorts that matriculated before and during ...


A Systematic Review Of Chronic Pain Mechanism Differential Assessment Strategies For Physical Therapy, Kate Hovde SPT, Kenny Li DPT, Kylie Wong BS, Roger Allen PhD, PT 2022 University of Puget Sound

A Systematic Review Of Chronic Pain Mechanism Differential Assessment Strategies For Physical Therapy, Kate Hovde Spt, Kenny Li Dpt, Kylie Wong Bs, Roger Allen Phd, Pt

Physical Therapy Research Symposium

Background

Recently, the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) redefined pain, the American Physical Therapy Association proposed pain education guidelines, and a new pain mechanism category (PMC) was defined as “nociplastic pain”. IASP defines three PMCs - nociceptive, neuroplastic, and nociplastic.

Purpose

Identify current clinical assessment strategies for differentiating between nociceptive, neuropathic, and nociplastic chronic pain, feasible for implementation by physical therapists (PTs).

Methods

In 2020, investigators independently searched databases for studies evaluating assessment methods differentiating “nociceptive,” “neuropathic,” “central,” “mixed pain” and “central sensitization,” with follow-up on “nociplastic pain”. A qualitative systematic review was performed utilizing defined inclusion and ...


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