Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physical Therapy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1250 Full-Text Articles 2245 Authors 406234 Downloads 86 Institutions

All Articles in Physical Therapy

Faceted Search

1250 full-text articles. Page 1 of 46.

Click Here! E-Learning Modules For Innovative Instruction And Learning, Nicole M. Sleddens, Betsy J. Becker, Sara E. Bills 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Click Here! E-Learning Modules For Innovative Instruction And Learning, Nicole M. Sleddens, Betsy J. Becker, Sara E. Bills

Posters and Presentations: Physical Therapy

Purpose: Re-designing all or portions of a course with a fresh perspective can re-energize faculty and make the content more engaging for the learner. Teaching the millennial generation is also prompting faculty to revisit educational strategies. The use of electronic learning platforms, such as eLearning modules, is an innovative learning strategy with several reported benefits including flexibility and convenience for usage, ability for learners to study at their own pace and adaptability to different learning styles. Using technology that is free or already available to faculty, even the novice designer can begin development of these useful study tools. The key ...


The Role Of Postural Stability And Other Factors In Distal Radius Fracture, Sheena Saju Philip 2016 The University of Western Ontario

The Role Of Postural Stability And Other Factors In Distal Radius Fracture, Sheena Saju Philip

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The objective of the thesis was to describe the factors leading to falls in distal radius fracture (DRF) events, explore patient perceived risk of falls, and postural stability. A mixed method study described the type of fall in DRF patients (n= 1454) and patient perceived contributing factors (n=29). A prospective cohort study examined the postural stability and related fall risk of DRF participants (n=137) in Biodex Balance System (BBS) and compared to normative values. Environmental factors were a major contributor to DRF events. Older adults (44 to 65 years) had the highest rate of DRF (female: male ratio ...


Constraining Kinematics During Single-Leg Squats And Step-Ups Can Reduce Quadratus Lumborum Activation And Facilitate Gluteal Activation, Shaylyn Kowalchuk 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Constraining Kinematics During Single-Leg Squats And Step-Ups Can Reduce Quadratus Lumborum Activation And Facilitate Gluteal Activation, Shaylyn Kowalchuk

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Increased quadratus lumborum activation and decreased gluteal activation may lead to lateral pelvic drop and increased hip adduction and internal rotation during single-leg exercises. These activation patterns and motions are associated with low back pain or lower extremity injuries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if mechanically restricting hip adduction and internal rotation of the femur affected muscle activation. Twenty female track and field athletes performed single-leg squats and step-ups, and the quadratus lumborum, gluteus medius and maximus muscles activations were measured with surface electromyography. This study tested the hypothesis that mechanically restricted exercises would decrease quadratus lumborum ...


Framing The Value Of Clinical And Field Education, Lisa Richardson MSS, LICSW, Rebecca McGill EDD, RN, Christina Anderson PT, DPT, Linda Buxell MA, OTR/L, Leah Harris OTR/L, Lisa Rovick MHSC, CO, COMT 2016 St. Catherine University - University of St. Thomas

Framing The Value Of Clinical And Field Education, Lisa Richardson Mss, Licsw, Rebecca Mcgill Edd, Rn, Christina Anderson Pt, Dpt, Linda Buxell Ma, Otr/L, Leah Harris Otr/L, Lisa Rovick Mhsc, Co, Comt

Interprofessional Papers and Writing

Community/university partnerships play a critical role in higher education. Community-based research, service learning, guest lectures, internships, and a host of other activities illustrate the shared opportunities for students, educators, practitioners, employers, and consumers, as communities and institutions collaborate to educate the future workforce and develop an informed and engaged citizenry.

Across the spectrum of health and professional disciplines, real world learning through community-based clinical/field education1 is essential to prepare practice-ready graduates. At St. Catherine University, for example, students complete over 7,000 clinical/field placements annually across multiple degrees and disciplines (see Appendix B). Without community/ university partnerships ...


Specialized Medical Home For Patients With Spinal Cord Injury, Mendel Kupfer MD, Marci Ruediger PT, MS, Norah V. Dixon MA 2016 Magee Rehabilitation

Specialized Medical Home For Patients With Spinal Cord Injury, Mendel Kupfer Md, Marci Ruediger Pt, Ms, Norah V. Dixon Ma

Population Health Matters (Formerly Health Policy Newsletter)

No abstract provided.


Hip Flexor Extensibility And Its Correlation To Hip Hyperextension And Lower Back Pain In Dancers, Tessa Richards 2016 University of Montana, Missoula

Hip Flexor Extensibility And Its Correlation To Hip Hyperextension And Lower Back Pain In Dancers, Tessa Richards

Skyline - The Big Sky Undergraduate Journal

The goal of this research was to measure the correlation between hip flexor extensibility, arabesque height, and lower back pain; specifically, whether a tight iliopsoas group restricts range of motion and correlates with lower back pain in dancers. Through a series of non-invasive measurements, the rectus femoris and iliopsoas group were tested for range of motion and general extensibility. The measurements were as follows: Patrick’s Test, Thomas’s Test, Modified Thomas Test, and prone hip hyperextension. Each subject also completed a pre-screening form to assess degree of lower back pain. The outcomes of the measurements were analyzed to find ...


Use Of Distance Delivery Interventions (Web-Based, Mhealth, Telehealth) For Hard-To-Reach, Vulnerable Midlife And Older Individuals, Patricia A. Hageman 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Use Of Distance Delivery Interventions (Web-Based, Mhealth, Telehealth) For Hard-To-Reach, Vulnerable Midlife And Older Individuals, Patricia A. Hageman

Posters and Presentations: Physical Therapy

As older adults may lack access to professional services and/or have limited transportation to seek care, the increasing availability of technologies for self-monitoring, safety, and/or preventive or therapeutic management may show promise for reaching vulnerable older adults. This presentation will describe several types of distance delivery platforms, such as web-based, mHealth, and/or telehealth, which may have applications to older adults in arenas of education, clinical practice or research. This session will highlight the benefits and limitations of these technologies, and will summarize current research about the effectiveness of using these technologies with midlife and older individuals.

Objectives ...


Development Of Holistic Classification Systems For Children With Cerebral Palsy, Deepa Jeevanantham 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Development Of Holistic Classification Systems For Children With Cerebral Palsy, Deepa Jeevanantham

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a complex disorder. There is a gap in the literature in classifying children with CP broadly. The purpose of this thesis was to develop holistic classification systems for children with CP. As a first step, a search was conducted to explore the strategies used to classify children with developmental co-ordination disorder and autism-spectrum disorder. Two versions of holistic classification systems named the body function index in cerebral palsy (BFI-CP) versions I and II were developed using two methods. Then, the relationship and differences among the developed classification systems and the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS ...


A Case Study Of School Age Female Minority Athletes Who Became Pregnant, Floyd Jones PhD, Jennifer Y. Mak, Phyllis A. Jones ED 2016 Marshall University

A Case Study Of School Age Female Minority Athletes Who Became Pregnant, Floyd Jones Phd, Jennifer Y. Mak, Phyllis A. Jones Ed

Jennifer Y Mak

The purpose of this study is to provide an in-depth understanding of ''What had happened to the urban minority female athletes who became pregnant while playing high school basketball?'' The study wanted to provide a qualitative analysis of rich narrative data collected from questionnaire interviews of two separate groups (one in Pittsburgh, the other in New York City). The findings of this study suggest that in fact urban female African-Americans athletes still received benefits from sports participation.


Lessons Learned From A Major Near Miss: A Case Report Including Recommendations To Improve Future Patient Safety In Rehabilitation, Chelsea R. Van Zytveld, Jennifer W. Rodriguez, Tamara S. Struessel 2016 University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus

Lessons Learned From A Major Near Miss: A Case Report Including Recommendations To Improve Future Patient Safety In Rehabilitation, Chelsea R. Van Zytveld, Jennifer W. Rodriguez, Tamara S. Struessel

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Background: Most medical errors can be traced to system failure, but often individual providers are blamed. Few articles in the allied health literature address the topic of error or the analysis of error using a system approach. Purpose: This case report analysis illustrates how both individual and system factors contribute to error in rehabilitation settings and how identification of these factors allows development of methods to improve future patient safety. Case Description: A young male was admitted to a rehabilitation hospital with residual impairments following recent surgical resection of a benign meningioma. He was treated daily by a physical therapist ...


The Incidence Of Falls In Intensive Care Survivors, Shane M. Patman, Diane Dennis, Kylie Hill 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

The Incidence Of Falls In Intensive Care Survivors, Shane M. Patman, Diane Dennis, Kylie Hill

Shane Patman

Background: Falling among adults in acute care is an important problem with falls rates in tertiary hospitals ranging from 2% to 5%. Factors that increase the risk of falling, such as advanced age, altered mental status, medications that act on the central nervous system and poor mobility, often characterise individuals who survive a prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) admission.

Purpose: To measure the incidence of falls and describe the characteristics of fallers among intensive care survivors.

Methods: A comprehensive retrospective chart review was undertaken of 190 adults who were intubated and ventilated for ≥168 h and survived their acute care ...


Intensive Care Unit Mobility Practices In Australia And New Zealand: A Point Prevalence Study, Susan C. Berney, Megan Harrold, Steven A. Webb, Ian Seppelt, Shane Patman, Peter J. Thomas, Linda Denehy 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Intensive Care Unit Mobility Practices In Australia And New Zealand: A Point Prevalence Study, Susan C. Berney, Megan Harrold, Steven A. Webb, Ian Seppelt, Shane Patman, Peter J. Thomas, Linda Denehy

Shane Patman

Objectives:

To develop a comprehensive set of items describing physiotherapy mobilisation practices for critically ill patients, and to document current practices in intensive care units in Australia and New Zealand, focusing on patients having > 48 hours of mechanical ventilation.

Design:

Prospective, observational, multicentre, single-day, point prevalence study.

Participants and Setting:

All patients in 38 Australian and New Zealand ICUs at 10 am on one of three designated days in 2009 and 2010.

Main Outcome Measures:

Demographic data, admission diagnosis and mobilisation practices that had occurred in the previous 24 hours.

Results:

514 patients were enrolled, with 498 complete datasets. Mean ...


Eccentric Loading Increases Peak Torque Angle Of The Ankle Plantar Flexors In Healthy Volunteers, Matthew Willisch, Peter Hamer, Luke Hopper, Max Bulsara, James R. Debenham 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Eccentric Loading Increases Peak Torque Angle Of The Ankle Plantar Flexors In Healthy Volunteers, Matthew Willisch, Peter Hamer, Luke Hopper, Max Bulsara, James R. Debenham

Peter Hamer

Eccentric loading of the ankle plantar Flexor’s (PF) has demonstrated clinical efficacy in the conservative treatment of Achilles tendinopathy, however, its mechanism of therapeutic benefit remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of PF eccentric loading on PF angle to peak torque (AtPT), peak torque (PT) and lower limb vertical stiffness. Thirty healthy volunteers were randomised to an eccentric (n=15) or concentric (n=13) exercise group. A 10-week loading programme of the ankle plantar flexors was completed. AtPT, PT and vertical stiffness were compared within and between groups before and after the interventions ...


Seeing It Helps: Movement-Related Back Pain Is Reduced By Visualization Of The Back During Movement, Benedict M. Wand, Verity M. Tulloch, Pamela J. George, Anne J. Smith, Roger Goucke, Neil E. O'Connell, G Lorimer Moseley 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Seeing It Helps: Movement-Related Back Pain Is Reduced By Visualization Of The Back During Movement, Benedict M. Wand, Verity M. Tulloch, Pamela J. George, Anne J. Smith, Roger Goucke, Neil E. O'Connell, G Lorimer Moseley

Pamela George

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine whether visualization of the back influenced parameters of movement-related pain in people with chronic nonspecific low back pain. Methods: We used a randomized cross-over experiment in which 25 participants performed repeated lumbar spine movements under 2 conditions. In the visual feedback condition, patients were able to visualize their back as it moved by the use of mirrors. In the control condition, the mirror was covered so no visualization of the back was possible. Results: The average postmovement pain intensity after participants had moved with visual feedback was less (35.5+/-22 ...


Tactile Thresholds Are Preserved Yet Complex Sensory Function Is Impaired Over The Lumbar Spine Of Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain Patients: A Preliminary Investigation, Benedict M. Wand, Flavia Di Pietro, Pamela George, Neil E. O'Connell 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Tactile Thresholds Are Preserved Yet Complex Sensory Function Is Impaired Over The Lumbar Spine Of Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain Patients: A Preliminary Investigation, Benedict M. Wand, Flavia Di Pietro, Pamela George, Neil E. O'Connell

Pamela George

Evidence indicates that chronic non-specific low back pain (CNSLBP) is associated with alteration in the brain’s cortical representation of the back, resulting in body perception disturbance and contributing to the condition [1,2]. This study investigated perception via ‘cortical’ sensory tests, in this case two-point discrimination and graphaesthesia—whose results partly depend on the integrity of cortical representation [2]. The hypothesis was dysfunction in these higher-order tasks, with simple tactile thresholds remaining unchanged. Furthermore a relationship between cortical sensation and severity of the condition was predicted.


Moving In An Environment Of Induced Sensory-Motor Incongruence Does Not Influence Pain Sensitivity In Healthy Volunteers: A Randomised Within-Subject Cross-Over Experiment, Benedict M. Wand, Lareina Szpak, Pamela George, Max Bulsara, Neil E. O'Connell, G Lorimer Moseley 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Moving In An Environment Of Induced Sensory-Motor Incongruence Does Not Influence Pain Sensitivity In Healthy Volunteers: A Randomised Within-Subject Cross-Over Experiment, Benedict M. Wand, Lareina Szpak, Pamela George, Max Bulsara, Neil E. O'Connell, G Lorimer Moseley

Pamela George

A mismatch between the brain's motor control and sensory systems has been suggested as one mechanism whereby maladaptive neuroplastic changes contribute to the experience of chronic pain. Several studies have investigated this hypothesis by artificially inducing a state of sensory-motor incongruence using mirrors. The data to date appear to suggest that creating an environment of sensori-motor incongruence induces various sensory changes and feeling of peculiarity, however the effect on pain is less clear. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that healthy participants would demonstrate reduced pain thresholds and report greater intensity of pain in a ...


Achilles Tendinopathy Alters Stretch Shortening Cycle Behaviour During A Sub-Maximal Hopping Task, James R. Debenham, Mervyn J. Travers, William Gibson, Amity Campbell, Garry T. Allison 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Achilles Tendinopathy Alters Stretch Shortening Cycle Behaviour During A Sub-Maximal Hopping Task, James R. Debenham, Mervyn J. Travers, William Gibson, Amity Campbell, Garry T. Allison

William Gibson

Objectives To describe stretch shortening cycle behaviour of the ankle and lower limb in patients with Achilles tendinopathy (AT) and establish differences with healthy volunteers. Design Between-subjects case-controlled. Methods Fifteen patients with AT (mean age 41.2 ± 12.7 years) and 11 healthy volunteers (CON) (mean age 23.2 ± 6.7 years) performed sub-maximal single-limb hopping on a custom built sledge-jump system. Using 3D motion analysis and surface EMG, temporal kinematic (lower limb stiffness, ankle angle at 80 ms pre-contact, ankle angle at contact, peak ankle angle, ankle stretch amplitude) and EMG measures (onset, offset and peak times relative to ...


Eccentric Fatigue Modulates Stretch-Shortening Cycle Effectiveness - A Possible Role In Lower Limb Overuse Injuries, James R. Debenham, M Travers, William Gibson, A Campbell, G Allison 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Eccentric Fatigue Modulates Stretch-Shortening Cycle Effectiveness - A Possible Role In Lower Limb Overuse Injuries, James R. Debenham, M Travers, William Gibson, A Campbell, G Allison

William Gibson

The role of fatigue in injury development is an important consideration for clinicians. In particular, the role of eccentric fatigue in stretch shortening cycle (SSC) activities may be linked to lower limb overuse conditions. The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of ankle plantarflexor eccentric fatigue on SSC effectiveness during a hopping task in healthy volunteers. 11 healthy volunteers (23.2 ± 6.7 years) performed a sub-maximal hopping task on a custom- built sledge system. 3D motion capture and surface EMG were utilised to measure lower limb stiffness, temporal kinematic measures and muscle timing measures at baseline ...


Psychometric Properties Of The Compulsive Exercise Test In An Adolescent Eating Disorder Population, Pam Formby, Hunna J. Watson, Anna Hilyard, Kate Martin, Sarah J. Egan 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Psychometric Properties Of The Compulsive Exercise Test In An Adolescent Eating Disorder Population, Pam Formby, Hunna J. Watson, Anna Hilyard, Kate Martin, Sarah J. Egan

Pam Formby

The objective of this study was to evaluate the factor structure, validity, and reliability of the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET) in an adolescent clinical eating disorder population. The data source was the Helping to Outline Paediatric Eating Disorders (HOPE) Project, a prospective ongoing registry study comprising consecutive paediatric tertiary eating disorder referrals. Adolescents (N = 104; 12-17 years) with eating disorders completed the CET and other measures. Factor structure, convergent validity, and internal consistency were evaluated. Despite failing to identify a factor structure, the study provided clear evidence of the multidimensionality of the measure. The total score correlated significantly with measures ...


Water First Aid Is Beneficial In Humans Post-Burn: Evidence From A Bi-National Cohort Study, Fiona M. Wood, Michael Phillips, Tom Jovic, John T. Cassidy, Peter Cameron, Dale Edgar, Steering Committe of the Burn Registry of Australia and New Zealand (BRANZ) 2016 University of Notre Dame Australia

Water First Aid Is Beneficial In Humans Post-Burn: Evidence From A Bi-National Cohort Study, Fiona M. Wood, Michael Phillips, Tom Jovic, John T. Cassidy, Peter Cameron, Dale Edgar, Steering Committe Of The Burn Registry Of Australia And New Zealand (Branz)

Dale Edgar

Introduction: Reported first aid application, frequency and practices around the world vary greatly. Based primarily on animal and observational studies, first aid after a burn injury is considered to be integral in reducing scar and infection, and the need for surgery. The current recommendation for optimum first aid after burn is water cooling for 20 minutes within three hours. However, compliance with this guideline is reported as poor to moderate at best and evidence exists to suggest that overcooling can be detrimental. This prospective cohort study of a binational burn patient registry examined data collected between 2009 and 2012. The ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress