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Pattern Of Alteration In Foot Mechanics When Carrying Loads Unilaterally In Hand, Deepashini Harithasan, Baharudin Omar, Aatit Paungmali 2017 Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Pattern Of Alteration In Foot Mechanics When Carrying Loads Unilaterally In Hand, Deepashini Harithasan, Baharudin Omar, Aatit Paungmali

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

PURPOSE: Carrying weight in one hand is a common functional activity. This study investigated the effects of incremental loads carried in one hand unilaterally and its influence on the foot mechanics [plantar pressure, maximum force and contact area]. METHOD: Twenty healthy individuals were tested, in standing and walking, while carrying different weights (no load, 5 kg, 7.5 kg and 10 kg) using their right hand. ANCOVA was conducted separately for the right and left leg to address the effect of incremental loads on the foot mechanics within each leg with navicular drop index and Q angle as covariates. Paired ...


The Influence Of Pre-Professional Curricula On Components Of The Physical Therapist Clinical Performance Instrument, Molly Goldwasser, Kyle Covington 2017 Duke University

The Influence Of Pre-Professional Curricula On Components Of The Physical Therapist Clinical Performance Instrument, Molly Goldwasser, Kyle Covington

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Background and Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate any association between pre-enrollment curricula and clinical performance in physical therapy professional schools. Specifically, does the type of undergraduate institution (as defined by Carnegie classification type) influence performance on components of the Physical Therapist Clinical Performance Instrument? Methods: The study methods include a retrospective quantitative review of student educational records from the Duke Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) classes of 2013 to present. Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to determine significance of the dependent variables. Results: Results indicated that when the Carnegie Classifications were consolidated to five categories, there was ...


Knowledge And Behavioral Patterns Of Youth Ice Hockey Parents Regarding Sport Concussion: A Pilot Study, Jeff G. Konin, Delaney Horsley 2017 University of Rhode Island

Knowledge And Behavioral Patterns Of Youth Ice Hockey Parents Regarding Sport Concussion: A Pilot Study, Jeff G. Konin, Delaney Horsley

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: There is an abundance of available concussion education programs for parents of youth ice hockey players. Parents play a vital role in recognizing signs and symptoms of a concussion sustained by a child, and therefore their knowledge and retention of such information is deemed to be very important. The purpose of the pilot survey is identify the general knowledge parents of youth ice hockey players possess regarding concussion. Methods: A survey of a sample of convenience was utilized. Forty-five parents (40 to 49 years of age) of youth ice hockey players were asked to complete a one-page survey to ...


Effect Of A Passive Exoskeletal Device On Locomotor Adaptive Ability In Healthy Human Subjects, James Nielsen 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Effect Of A Passive Exoskeletal Device On Locomotor Adaptive Ability In Healthy Human Subjects, James Nielsen

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Background: Functional mobility in stroke survivors is affected by the deterioration in bilateral coordination while walking. A passive exoskeletal device, the Kickstart (Cadence Biomedical, Seattle, WA), that provides assistance during walking may help correct asymmetrical gait patterns by providing different task constraints for each leg during gait training. Methods: 15 healthy young participants walked on a split-belt treadmill where the speed of each belt could be controlled independently. Each participant’s preferred walking speed (PWS), fast walking speed (FWS) and slow walking speed (SWS) was established. Participants then underwent the experimental protocol while either wearing or not wearing the exoskeleton ...


Role Of Corpus Callosum Integrity In Arm Function Differs Based On Motor Severity After Stroke, Jill Campbell Stewart, Pritha Dewanjee, George Tran, Erin Burke Quinlan, Lucy Dodakian, Alison McKenzie, Jill See, Steven C. Cramer 2017 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Role Of Corpus Callosum Integrity In Arm Function Differs Based On Motor Severity After Stroke, Jill Campbell Stewart, Pritha Dewanjee, George Tran, Erin Burke Quinlan, Lucy Dodakian, Alison Mckenzie, Jill See, Steven C. Cramer

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

While the corpus callosum (CC) is important to normal sensorimotor function, its role in motor function after stroke is less well understood. This study examined the relationship between structural integrity of the motor and sensory sections of the CC, as reflected by fractional anisotropy (FA), and motor function in individuals with a range of motor impairment level due to stroke. Fifty-five individuals with chronic stroke (Fugl-Meyer motor score range 14 to 61) and 18 healthy controls underwent diffusion tensor imaging and a set of motor behavior tests. Mean FA from the motor and sensory regions of the CC and from ...


Utilization Of Postural Control Training To Improve Gait Symmetry And Walking Ability In A Patient Following A Lacunar Stroke: A Case Report, Hannah C. Wilder 2017 University of New England

Utilization Of Postural Control Training To Improve Gait Symmetry And Walking Ability In A Patient Following A Lacunar Stroke: A Case Report, Hannah C. Wilder

Case Report Papers

Background and Purpose: Stroke affects approximately 800,000 people annually and alterations in gait is one of the most noted impairments following stroke. The purpose of this case report is to outline physical therapy (PT) rehabilitation that utilized postural control training, task-oriented training, and visual feedback to address walking ability and functional capacity in a patient following a stroke. Case Description: The patient was a 67-year-old male apple orchard owner three months post a lacunar ischemic stroke affecting the posterior limb of the internal capsule, the basal ganglia, and part of the cerebellum. His initial examination revealed impaired strength, sensation ...


Total Joint Replacement Prehabilitation: A Feasibility Study, Jennifer Baima, Elizabeth Z. Li, Amanda Doodlesack, Mathew J. Most, Jeffrey Metzmaker, David C. Ayers 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Total Joint Replacement Prehabilitation: A Feasibility Study, Jennifer Baima, Elizabeth Z. Li, Amanda Doodlesack, Mathew J. Most, Jeffrey Metzmaker, David C. Ayers

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

Objectives: Pre-operative physical therapy has been shown to reduce post-acute care service utilization. Shifting rehabilitation to the presurgical period, referred to as prehabilitation, could result in reduced recovery time and cost. Limited access to physical therapy may prevent patients from achieving the benefits, and a standard set of independent exercises may be an alternative. We aim to assess the feasibility of an independent exercise program as a pre-surgical intervention for total hip and knee replacement.

Design: Participants were taught two exercises for hip or knee arthritis at least one week prior to surgery and instructed to perform them independently at ...


The Use Of Therapeutic Exercises And Manual Stretching For A Patient Following A Total Knee Arthroplasty (Tka) Revision: A Case Report, Nicholas Cebula 2017 University of New England

The Use Of Therapeutic Exercises And Manual Stretching For A Patient Following A Total Knee Arthroplasty (Tka) Revision: A Case Report, Nicholas Cebula

Case Report Papers

Background and Purpose: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) ranks among the most frequently performed orthopedic procedures in the United States. Approximately 581,000 people undergo TKA annually, and the number of procedures is expected to increase significantly by 2030. The purpose of this case report was to document the potential benefits of prescribed physical therapy (PT) interventions for a patient following TKA revision. Case Description: The patient was a 69-year-old female post her eighth right (R) knee surgery, a TKA revision, due to an aseptic loosening of components from a previously placed artificial joint. The original TKA was eleven years prior ...


Restoration Of Functional Mobility For A Young Adult Patient Following A Severe Motor Vehicle Accident: A Case Report, Zachary Mercier 2017 University of New England

Restoration Of Functional Mobility For A Young Adult Patient Following A Severe Motor Vehicle Accident: A Case Report, Zachary Mercier

Case Report Papers

Background and Purpose: Motor vehicle accidents are a common occurrence causing increased morbidity and possible mortality, thus, increasing lifetime medical costs for those affected. The purpose of this case report is to document the selected patient's response to skilled physical therapy (PT) interventions, ranging from bed mobility tasks to ambulation, following a motor vehicle accident. Case Description: A 20-year-old female was a passenger in a severe motor vehicle versus tree accident with fatalities. The patient suffered multiple fractures throughout her skeleton and spent 20 days in a hospital prior to presenting to the skilled nursing facility. Care included high ...


The Immediate Cardiovascular Response To Joint Mobilization Of The Neck - A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial In Pain-Free Adults, Emmanuel Yung, Cheongeun Oh, Michael Wong, Jason Grimes, Erica M. Barton, Muhammad I. Ali, David Cameron 2017 Sacred Heart University

The Immediate Cardiovascular Response To Joint Mobilization Of The Neck - A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial In Pain-Free Adults, Emmanuel Yung, Cheongeun Oh, Michael Wong, Jason Grimes, Erica M. Barton, Muhammad I. Ali, David Cameron

PTHMS Faculty Publications

Background: Some normotensive patients can have a spike in resting systolic blood pressure (SBP) in response to acute neck pain. Applying the typical dosage of mobilization may potentially result in a sympatho-excitatory response, further increasing resting SBP. Therefore, there is a need to explore other dosage regimens that could result in a decrease in SBP.

Objectives: To compare the blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) response of pain-free, normotensive adults when receiving unilateral posterior-to-anterior mobilization (PA) applied to the neck versus its corresponding placebo (PA-P).

Study design: Double-Blind, Randomized Clinical Trial.


The Effect Of A Single Bout Of Physical Exertion On Expressive Language And Word Finding In Individuals With Multiple Sclerosis, Marissa A. Barrera 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Effect Of A Single Bout Of Physical Exertion On Expressive Language And Word Finding In Individuals With Multiple Sclerosis, Marissa A. Barrera

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

To date, little research has been conducted on the relationship between fatigue and expressive language among Multiple Sclerosis patients (MS). This study was a response to this knowledge gap. A nonrandom, matched- subject, mixed-factor design model was used with a purposive sample of 17 individuals with MS (five had primary-progressive (PP) MS, and 12 had relapsing-remitting (RR) MS). The research design was subjected to pretesting to ensure validity. Participants were assessed on a range of language tasks after undergoing one bout of cardiovascular exercise (NuStep T5 Recumbent Cross Trainer) and asked to provide a subjective fatigue score. The expressive language ...


Comparison Of Land And Aquatic Loaded Countermovement Jump Landings In Female Ncaa Division I Collegiate Athletes, Samantha L. Nielson 2017 Utah State University

Comparison Of Land And Aquatic Loaded Countermovement Jump Landings In Female Ncaa Division I Collegiate Athletes, Samantha L. Nielson

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The purpose of this study was to investigate alterations in lower extremity kinematics during the landing phase of a countermovement jump when performed in different environments and under multiple external loads. Twenty-four NCAA Divison I collegiate female athletes performed 12 countermovement jumps on land and 12 jumps in water, submerged to the xiphoid process, for a total of 24 jumps. Within each environmental condition, four loading conditions of three jumps each were performed using a weighted vest: Unloaded, 10%, 20%, or 30% of body mass. The hip, knee, and ankle angles were measured as the smallest angles between the major ...


Sex Differences In Neuromuscular Fatigability Of The Knee Extensors Post-Stroke, Meghan Kirking, Reivian B. Barillas, Philip A. Nelson, Sandra K. Hunter, Allison Hyngstrom 2017 Marquette University

Sex Differences In Neuromuscular Fatigability Of The Knee Extensors Post-Stroke, Meghan Kirking, Reivian B. Barillas, Philip A. Nelson, Sandra K. Hunter, Allison Hyngstrom

Exercise Science Faculty Research and Publications

Background and Purpose: Despite the implications of optimizing strength training post-stroke, little is known about the differences in fatigability between men and women with chronic stroke. The purpose of this study was to determine the sex differences in knee extensor muscle fatigability and potential mechanisms in individuals with stroke. Methods: Eighteen participants (10 men, eight women) with chronic stroke (≥6 months) and 23 (12 men, 11 women) nonstroke controls participated in the study. Participants performed an intermittent isometric contraction task (6 s contraction, 3 s rest) at 30% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) torque until failure to maintain the target ...


Patient Experiences When Preparing For Discharge Home After Total Knee Replacement, Renee Causey-Upton, Dana M. Howell 2017 Eastern Kentucky University

Patient Experiences When Preparing For Discharge Home After Total Knee Replacement, Renee Causey-Upton, Dana M. Howell

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Following total knee replacement (TKR), patients must prepare quickly for discharge to home via education and rehabilitation. Patient needs may not fully be met prior to discharge after TKR surgery. The purpose of this descriptive study using transcendental phenomenology methods was to understand patients’ experiences when preparing to return home after TKR surgery. Method: Data was collected using semi-structured interviews that occurred 1 to 2 days prior to discharge in patients’ hospital rooms. Four participants were interviewed prior to discharge and interviews were transcribed verbatim for data analysis. Data analysis and data collection were concurrent, permitting subsequent interviews to ...


Interprofessional Peer Teaching: Physical Therapy Students Teaching Dental Students To Transfer Patients, Kim Dunleavy, PT, PhD, OCS, Venita Sposetti, DMD 2017 University of Florida

Interprofessional Peer Teaching: Physical Therapy Students Teaching Dental Students To Transfer Patients, Kim Dunleavy, Pt, Phd, Ocs, Venita Sposetti, Dmd

Collaborative Healthcare: Interprofessional Practice, Education and Evaluation (JCIPE)

Background While the need for interprofessional education (IPE) has been clearly elucidated, (Interprofessional Education Collaborative, 2016), one of the major barriers is the logistical challenge of meeting curricular requirements for all involved. The organization and time required in an already full schedule are often deterrents. Ideal opportunities meet specific program curricular requirements as well as enhancing interprofessional competencies. Interprofessional competencies include developing skills to teach other health care providers about profession-specific skills and enhancing communication across the professions (Bridges, 2011; Interprofessional Education Collaborative, 2016). Active learning techniques have been advocated for adult learners to promote motivation and engagement (Knowles, 1984 ...


A Systems Approach To The Problem Of Falls In Old Age, Patrick A. Dillon 2017 University of Kentucky

A Systems Approach To The Problem Of Falls In Old Age, Patrick A. Dillon

Theses and Dissertations--Gerontology

The problem of falls in old age is enormously costly and disruptive for the older individual, others, and society, and its severity is likely to intensify as our population ages. This dissertation takes a systems-oriented approach toward the falls problem and is presented in two parts. The first part critically develops a new approach to the problem of falls. The second part describes an empirical study that applies this new approach in a pragmatic manner.

Conventional fall prevention strategies employ a reductionist approach to the problem of falls. This approach is questioned because it corresponds poorly to the holistic nature ...


Ibuprofen As A Treatment For Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders: Effectiveness Versus Caveats, Mary F. Barbe, Ann E. Barr-Gillespie 2017 College of Health Professions, Pacific University

Ibuprofen As A Treatment For Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders: Effectiveness Versus Caveats, Mary F. Barbe, Ann E. Barr-Gillespie

Faculty Scholarship (PT)

The entire book, Occupational Health, is also available for download.


Physical Therapist Students’ Development Of Diagnostic Reasoning: A Longitudinal Study, Sara Gilliland 2017 Chapman University

Physical Therapist Students’ Development Of Diagnostic Reasoning: A Longitudinal Study, Sara Gilliland

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

Background and Purpose. Clinical reasoning is a complex problem-solving process that is necessary for effective clinical practice in physical therapy. Within the process of clinical reasoning, a physical therapist’s diagnostic reasoning should address the patient’s functional movement abilities and the impact of the patient’s condition on his or her ability to participate in life activities. This longitudinal study examined the development of entry-level physical therapist students’ diagnostic reasoning processes across time in their doctor of physical therapy education.

Methods. Qualitative methods were used to analyze participants’ diagnostic reasoning during a simulated patient case scenario. Six physical therapist ...


Anatomical Knowledge Retention In Physiotherapy Students: A Preliminary Assessment, M Dayal, J Owens, W Gibson, G Strkalj 2017 University of Notre Dame Australia

Anatomical Knowledge Retention In Physiotherapy Students: A Preliminary Assessment, M Dayal, J Owens, W Gibson, G Strkalj

Physiotherapy Papers and Journal Articles

Introduction: Anatomical knowledge and understanding are key components of physiotherapy education and practice. Traditionally, anatomy has been taught as a foundation stream within the first year(s) of physiotherapy education. This curricular model is based on the assumption that further learning in subsequent years builds upon the knowledge gained in the early stages of the program. However, the retention rate in all basic sciences has often been called into question. In anatomy, several studies suggest that anatomy knowledge endures considerable attrition, highlighting the need for the evaluation of retention rates. This paper aimed at making a preliminary assessment of the ...


Educating Patients About Behavioral Interventions And Exercises For Musculoskeletal Lower Back Pain, Alex Jacobson 2017 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Educating Patients About Behavioral Interventions And Exercises For Musculoskeletal Lower Back Pain, Alex Jacobson

Family Medicine Block Clerkship, Student Projects

Low back pain (LBP) is a common problem which affects all genders and most ages. It results in considerable direct and indirect costs, and these costs are financial, workforce and social. The majority of lower back pain occurs due to a musculoskeletal etiology and often presents to the primary care physician. We worked with local physicians, chiropractors, physical therapists, and athletic trainers to develop exercises and behavioral modifications that patients can do to improve lower back pain symptoms.


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