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1438 full-text articles. Page 1 of 55.

Strength Training For Stress Urinary Incontinence In A Young, Nulliparous Female Athlete: A Case Report, Talia Rachel Gilmour 2017 University of New Mexico

Strength Training For Stress Urinary Incontinence In A Young, Nulliparous Female Athlete: A Case Report, Talia Rachel Gilmour

Doctor of Physical Therapy Capstones

Purpose: The purpose of this review is to analyze evidence-based research in an effort to answer the PICO question: In young, nulliparous, athletic females with stress incontinence, is lumbo-pelvic strength training and neuromuscular re-education to the pelvic floor as effective as strengthening of the pelvic floor through kegels alone, in decreasing frequency of Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI)?

Background: It is now understood that Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) is highly prevalent in female athletes, however the mechanism of this pathology is not well understood. At this time there is a paucity of literature regarding interventions for SUI in young female athletes ...


Reliability And Validity Of A Biomechanically Based Analysis Method For The Tennis Serve, Natalie L. Myers, W. Ben Kibler, Leah Lamborn, Belinda J. Smith, Tony English, Cale A. Jacobs, Timothy L. Uhl 2017 University of Kentucky

Reliability And Validity Of A Biomechanically Based Analysis Method For The Tennis Serve, Natalie L. Myers, W. Ben Kibler, Leah Lamborn, Belinda J. Smith, Tony English, Cale A. Jacobs, Timothy L. Uhl

Tim L. Uhl

Background: An observational tennis serve analysis (OTSA) tool was developed using previously established body positions from three-dimensional kinematic motion analysis studies. These positions, defined as nodes, have been associated with efficient force production and minimal joint loading. However, the tool has yet to be examined scientifically.

Purpose: The primary purpose of this investigation was to determine the inter-observer reliability for each node between two health care professionals (HCPs) that developed the OTSA, and secondarily to investigate the validity of the OTSA.

Methods: Two separate studies were performed to meet these objectives. An inter-observer reliability study preceded the validity study by ...


Reliability And Validity Of A Biomechanically Based Analysis Method For The Tennis Serve, Natalie L. Myers, W. Ben Kibler, Leah Lamborn, Belinda J. Smith, Tony English, Cale A. Jacobs, Timothy L. Uhl 2017 University of Kentucky

Reliability And Validity Of A Biomechanically Based Analysis Method For The Tennis Serve, Natalie L. Myers, W. Ben Kibler, Leah Lamborn, Belinda J. Smith, Tony English, Cale A. Jacobs, Timothy L. Uhl

Rehabilitation Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: An observational tennis serve analysis (OTSA) tool was developed using previously established body positions from three-dimensional kinematic motion analysis studies. These positions, defined as nodes, have been associated with efficient force production and minimal joint loading. However, the tool has yet to be examined scientifically.

Purpose: The primary purpose of this investigation was to determine the inter-observer reliability for each node between two health care professionals (HCPs) that developed the OTSA, and secondarily to investigate the validity of the OTSA.

Methods: Two separate studies were performed to meet these objectives. An inter-observer reliability study preceded the validity study by ...


Exercise And Cancer Related Fatigue: An Evidence-Based Analysis, Andrea Kerstin Pfaff 2017 University of New Mexico

Exercise And Cancer Related Fatigue: An Evidence-Based Analysis, Andrea Kerstin Pfaff

Doctor of Physical Therapy Capstones

Purpose: The following paper presents a case of a 56-year-old female who presented to physical therapy following adjuvant treatment for breast cancer. This paper provides an evidence-based analysis to answer the following PICO question: Is exercise an effective intervention for reducing cancer-related fatigue in individuals diagnosed with cancer, receiving adjuvant treatment for cancer, or are successfully in remission?

Background: Fatigue is one of the most common effects of cancer and its various treatments. This condition affects 60% to 90% of cancer patients, who describe feeling weak, listless, paralyzed, and too exhausted to perform basic activities such as eating, toileting, or ...


Passive Lower Extremity Cycling To Combat Icu Acquired Weakness – An Evidence Based Analysis, Summer B. Shelley 2017 University of New Mexico

Passive Lower Extremity Cycling To Combat Icu Acquired Weakness – An Evidence Based Analysis, Summer B. Shelley

Doctor of Physical Therapy Capstones

Background: Patients who are critically ill face severe muscle weakness and physical deconditioning due to prolonged immobility during their stay in the hospital, specifically in the intensive care unit (ICU). This impairment is commonly termed ICU acquired weakness (ICUAW) and subsequently leads to disability and prolonged rehabilitation after discharge from the ICU. Recent studies have found early physical therapy intervention for patients can be beneficial in attenuating decrease in function frequently associated with ICU admission.

Purpose: To investigate a physical therapy intervention that could potentially address this patient’s impairments by analyzing evidence based literature regarding the following PICO question ...


Physical Therapy Versus Interdisciplinary Care In Patients With Low Back Pain And Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms From Motor Vehicle Accidents, Guillermo G. Martinez 2017 University of New Mexico

Physical Therapy Versus Interdisciplinary Care In Patients With Low Back Pain And Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms From Motor Vehicle Accidents, Guillermo G. Martinez

Doctor of Physical Therapy Capstones

Purpose: The purpose of this literature review is to investigate the following question based on available literature: In patients with MVA-associated LBP complicated by PTSD-like symptoms, does physical therapy (PT) intervention with concomitant therapy that targets psychological factors improve functional and psychological outcomes more than PT alone? Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) commonly accompanies the physical pain and limitations following motor vehicle accidents. This may limit progress towards PT goals. Current guidelines support addressing either psychological or physical symptoms to improve outcomes, but the necessity and effectiveness of interdisciplinary care is not well-outlined. Case: Patient is a 24-year-old female involved ...


Is Home-Based, High-Intensity Interval Training Cycling Feasible And Safe For Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis? Study Protocol For A Randomized Pilot Study, Justin W L Keogh, Josephine Grigg, Christopher J Vertullo 2017 Bond University

Is Home-Based, High-Intensity Interval Training Cycling Feasible And Safe For Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis? Study Protocol For A Randomized Pilot Study, Justin W L Keogh, Josephine Grigg, Christopher J Vertullo

Justin Keogh

BACKGROUND:

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease affecting the knee joint of many middle-aged and older adults. As OA symptoms typically involve knee pain and stiffness, individuals with knee OA are often insufficiently physically active, have low levels of physical function, and are at increased risk of other comorbidities and reduced quality of life. While moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) cycling is often recommended, little is known about the feasibility, safety, and benefits of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) cycling for this population, even though the feasibility, safety, and benefits of HIIT have been demonstrated in other chronic disease groups.

PURPOSE ...


A Big Fall Risk: A.L.L. In A Morbidly Obese Patient, David Adrian Garcia 2017 University of New Mexico

A Big Fall Risk: A.L.L. In A Morbidly Obese Patient, David Adrian Garcia

Doctor of Physical Therapy Capstones

Background/Purpose: The purpose of this in-depth literature analysis is to compare mechanically-assisted versus manually-assisted transfers of bariatric patients for improving patient outcomes and/or minimizing patient and physical therapist injuries.

Case Description: This review is centered around a young morbidly obese (BMI = 41) male in a large acute care hospital who suffered a lengthy and complicated hospital course and experienced a near-fall during a transfer.

Findings: Obesity is an independent risk factor for falls, but age and injury severity are greater markers of fall risk. Injuries resulting from a fall are different for obese and non-obese persons, and are ...


The Efficacy Of Physical Therapy Intervention Versus Corticosteroid Injection For Management Of Subacromial Impingement Syndrome, Michelle A. Jilek 2017 University of New Mexico

The Efficacy Of Physical Therapy Intervention Versus Corticosteroid Injection For Management Of Subacromial Impingement Syndrome, Michelle A. Jilek

Doctor of Physical Therapy Capstones

Background and Purpose: Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is one of the most frequently reported causes of shoulder pain, and projects to become more prevalent as the population ages. Corticosteroid injections are a first-line treatment for SIS, however, the efficacy of corticosteroid use is controversial, and may not be superior to physical therapy treatment for long-term outcomes. This study compares the short-term and long-term outcomes of physical therapy and corticosteroid injections in the management of SIS, and aims to identify an optimal treatment strategy.

Case Description: A 55 year-old female presents to outpatient physical therapy for chronic right shoulder pain. The ...


Early Versus Delayed Rehabilitation After Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair, Abigail Chang, Jessica Dennis 2017 James Madison University

Early Versus Delayed Rehabilitation After Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair, Abigail Chang, Jessica Dennis

Physician Assistant Capstones

Objective: To determine how the timing of rehabilitation, early versus delayed, affects clinical results and tendon healing rates after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Design: Systematic literature review. Methods: Searches were done in PubMed, utilizing the terms arthroscopic rotator cuff repair, rehabilitation, early, and delayed. In PubMed the following filters and terms were used: published in the last 10 years, humans, randomized controlled trial, free full-text articles, and English. Results: The Keener et al study was included because it evaluated clinical results and tendon healing rates after arthroscopic repair using two distinct rehabilitation protocols, early versus delayed ROM. The Cuff et ...


Efficacy Of Electromyography And The Dead Bug Exercise, Taylor M. Scavo, Rachel C. Cooklin, Erika N. Faria, Madeline L. Johnson, Eric Sternlicht 2017 Chapman University

Efficacy Of Electromyography And The Dead Bug Exercise, Taylor M. Scavo, Rachel C. Cooklin, Erika N. Faria, Madeline L. Johnson, Eric Sternlicht

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

The Dead Bug exercise is performed in physical therapy clinics to restore lumbar spine stability and core strength in patients with lower back pain (LBP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of using electromyography (EMG) feedback to enhance proper mechanics during the Dead Bug exercise. Sixteen healthy, college age students volunteered as subjects for the study. Subjects performed the Dead Bug (Fig. 1a.) with and without visual EMG cues and were given instructions on how to execute the exercise. Data was recorded using a BTS FREEEMG Analyzer and signal processed and data analyzed using the BTS ...


The Use Of Emg As A Physical Therapy Learning Aid, Madeline L. Johnson, Rachel C. Cooklin, Erika N. Faria, Taylor M. Schavo, Eric Sternlicht 2017 Chapman University

The Use Of Emg As A Physical Therapy Learning Aid, Madeline L. Johnson, Rachel C. Cooklin, Erika N. Faria, Taylor M. Schavo, Eric Sternlicht

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

The purpose of this study was to compare the muscle recruitment of an agonist and antagonist muscle during the step up physical therapy exercise with and without visual electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback. 15 healthy, college-aged subjects were recruited to participate in the study. Subjects performed the step up with and without visual feedback in two separate sessions over a four week period. Muscle activity was recorded from the Vastus Medialis (VMO) of the target leg and Medial Gastrocnemius on the contralateral leg. EMG recordings were collected using a BTS FREEEMG system and data was processed using BTS SEMGanalyzer software (BTS Bioengineering ...


Difference In Quality Of Life Between Group And Individual Exercise In A Faith-Based Sample, Everett Jackson Amburn 2017 East Tennessee State University

Difference In Quality Of Life Between Group And Individual Exercise In A Faith-Based Sample, Everett Jackson Amburn

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

There is limited data on the quality of life of individuals who exercise in a group versus individuals who exercise alone. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a difference in the quality life between adults who attend an exercise class and those who exercise alone. Using the WHOQOL-BREF, 27 adult females were surveyed in Central California at two Church of Latter Day Saints locations. Ten females were enrolled in a group exercise class while 17 were individual exercisers. The data was analyzed using a t-test for independent samples to determine if there is a ...


The Effect Of Floss Bands On Elbow Range Of Motion In Tennis Players, Kenna Hodeaux 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Effect Of Floss Bands On Elbow Range Of Motion In Tennis Players, Kenna Hodeaux

Theses and Dissertations

Floss bands have been used to improve ROM, restore joint mechanics, and break down adhesive tissue from previously injured musculature, however, there is limited research available and the few research studies have mixed results on the usefulness of floss bands. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of floss bands in increasing elbow range of motion (ROM) in tennis players. Twelve elite tennis players (6 female and 6 male) participated in this randomized crossover design study. Subjects attended two separate sessions. Passive ROM measures were taken with a standard goniometer for elbow flexion and extension and forearm ...


Social Support In Collegiate Athletics: An Evaluation Of The Efficacy Of Perceived Social Support Among Injured College Athletes And Its Effect Upon Well-Being Throughout The Rehabilitation Process, Gabriella Bores 2017 Southeastern University - Lakeland

Social Support In Collegiate Athletics: An Evaluation Of The Efficacy Of Perceived Social Support Among Injured College Athletes And Its Effect Upon Well-Being Throughout The Rehabilitation Process, Gabriella Bores

Selected Honors Theses

Athletic injuries are increasingly common at the collegiate level. These injuries not only produce physical detriments, but often elicit emotional responses as well. As a result, injured athletes are often facing increased stress and are in dire need of social support throughout the rehabilitation process. This study seeks to add to the amassing literature on the stress-buffer hypothesis and evaluates social support provided by athletic trainers, coaches, teammates, and professors and instructors for injured collegiate athletes. Qualitative findings revealed the most commonly expressed type of social support was emotional support from coaches, teammates, and professors, while tangible support was the ...


Assessing The Impact Of Caregiver Outcomes On Function And Reintegration Of Stroke Survivors Participating In A Community Stroke Rehabilitation Program., Spencer R. Thompson 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Assessing The Impact Of Caregiver Outcomes On Function And Reintegration Of Stroke Survivors Participating In A Community Stroke Rehabilitation Program., Spencer R. Thompson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

There is a limited amount of literature evaluating the relationship between caregivers, and the stroke survivors’ function and reintegration. The objectives were to evaluate the association between caregivers’ lifestyle changes on function and the role of functioning as a moderator between caregiving and reintegration among stroke survivors receiving community-based rehabilitation. Data were collected from January 2011 to January 2016. A one-way repeated measures analysis of variance and multivariable linear regression were performed on Functional Independence Measure, Bakas Caregiving Outcomes Scale, Reintegration to Normal Living Index across admission, discharge, and follow-up. Mean age was 70.2±13.17 years with 58 ...


Links Between Physical And Mental Health: Assessment Of Therapeutic Riding’S Effect On Children With Special Needs, Sabah I. Hasan 2017 Brescia University College

Links Between Physical And Mental Health: Assessment Of Therapeutic Riding’S Effect On Children With Special Needs, Sabah I. Hasan

Brescia Psychology Undergraduate Honours Theses

This observational study examined the effect of therapeutic riding (TR) on four domains, physical skills, positive values, social skills, and self-identity in children with special needs. Participants were recruited from SARI Therapeutic Riding and were divided, based on observation, into more or less severe diagnosis categories. It was predicted that children with less severe diagnosis would show more of an increase on the four domains, especially physical skills due to TR. Participants were observed using an observational checklist at pre- and post-riding lessons. Results showed non-significant differences in all four domains, however, there was a tendency for scores to increase ...


Web-Based Interventions Alone Or Supplemented With Peer-Led Support Or Professional Email Counseling For Weight Loss And Weight Maintenance In Women From Rural Communities: Results Of A Clinical Trial., Patricia A. Hageman, Carol H. Pullen, Melody A. Hertzog, Bunny J. Pozehl, C Eisenhauer, Linda S. Boeckner 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Web-Based Interventions Alone Or Supplemented With Peer-Led Support Or Professional Email Counseling For Weight Loss And Weight Maintenance In Women From Rural Communities: Results Of A Clinical Trial., Patricia A. Hageman, Carol H. Pullen, Melody A. Hertzog, Bunny J. Pozehl, C Eisenhauer, Linda S. Boeckner

Journal Articles: Physical Therapy

Objective. This trial compared the effectiveness of a web-based only (WO) intervention with web-based supplemented by peer-led discussion (WD) or professional email counseling (WE) across 3 phases to achieve weight loss and weight maintenance in women from underserved rural communities. Methods. 301 women (BMI of 28-45 kg/m(2)) randomly assigned to groups participated in guided weight loss (baseline to 6 months), guided weight loss and maintenance (6 to 18 months), and self-managed weight maintenance (18 to 30 months). Results. Retention was 88.7%, 76.5%, and 71.8% at 6, 18, and 30 months, respectively. Intent-to-treat analyses demonstrated no ...


Effects Of A Balance And Strength Training Program On Functional Proprioceptive And Motor Control Abilities In Young Adults With Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Victoria Timmons 2017 Otterbein University

Effects Of A Balance And Strength Training Program On Functional Proprioceptive And Motor Control Abilities In Young Adults With Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Victoria Timmons

Distinction Papers

he objective of this study was to determine if young adults, ages 18-22, with neurodevelopmental disorders, including Autism Spectrum Disorder, Intellectual Disabilities, Communication Disorders, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Specific Learning Disorder, and Motor Disorders, would benefit by adding a propioceptive intervention program to an already existing strength training program. Benefits hypothesized from this intervention were int he areas of agility and balance, two of the three components of propioceptive abilities. Increased agility and balance has been proved to increase functionality and safety as it can decrease fall risks. Subjects were all apart of a transitional program from high school into the ...


A Case Study Evaluating The Effects Of Augmented Feedback On The Gait Patterns Of Two College-Age Students With Disabilities, Tara Teeples 2017 Otterbein University

A Case Study Evaluating The Effects Of Augmented Feedback On The Gait Patterns Of Two College-Age Students With Disabilities, Tara Teeples

Distinction Papers

Best of Both Worlds (BOBW) is a program at Otterbein University for Westerville City School District students who have identified disabilities. The BOBW program is a comprehensive transition program, providing instruction in work skills, community participation skills, independent living skills, and self-advocacy skills. Same-aged peers (Otterbein students) work with the BOBW students and assist them in the development of a healthy, active adult life, through a peer buddy workout program. Gait disorders are common in individuals with a neurological disorder. These gait disorders have then been linked to increased incidence for falls. Falls are one of the most common risks ...


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