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Chronic Ankle Instability And Hip Muscle Function: A Systematic Review, Lindsay Carroll 2018 Duquesne University

Chronic Ankle Instability And Hip Muscle Function: A Systematic Review, Lindsay Carroll

Graduate Student Research Symposium

Purpose/background

The connection between hip strength and knee function is widely accepted in rehabilitation. The beginnings of evidence supporting a connection between the hip and ankle in people with chronic ankle instability (CAI) causes clinicians to question how the hip and the ankle may interact in this population. The purpose of this review is to provide a cohesive summary of the current available evidence examining hip muscle function in people with chronic ankle instability so that clinicians are better able to treat these patients.

Methods

An electronic search of PubMed was performed to locate studies published in peer-reviewed journals ...


Neuromobilization Vs. Conventional Physical Therapy For Lumbar Radiculopathy, Juan A. Martinez Jr. 2018 University of New Mexico

Neuromobilization Vs. Conventional Physical Therapy For Lumbar Radiculopathy, Juan A. Martinez Jr.

Doctor of Physical Therapy Capstones

Background: Lumbar radiculopathy is the result of a multitude of biomechanical and musculoskeletal factors. Symptoms usually range from central pain in the lumbar region to the ipsilateral buttock, but can also travel down the leg. The pain is usually described with numbness and tingling along with weakness on that same side. Treatment of this condition can range from being very simple if symptoms are mild to moderate to extremely difficult if symptoms are persistent and severe. It is extremely critical to be able to determine the type of intervention a patient will find most beneficial to alleviate their symptoms and ...


Screening Protocol For Tmj Involvement In Those With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, Megan L. Striedel Ms 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Screening Protocol For Tmj Involvement In Those With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, Megan L. Striedel Ms

Doctor of Physical Therapy Capstones

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is the most common rheumatic disease in childhood and adolescence with a prevalence of .07 to 4.01 per 1,000 children (Keller, 2015). Unfortunately, detection of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthritis in children with JIA is difficult as early signs and symptoms are not often present (Kuseler, 2005). MRI’s are expensive, time consuming, not available everywhere and the imaging procedure, especially for young children, is demanding (Keller, 2015). Although, the consequences of not detecting TMJ involvement seem to far outweigh the costs of performing screening. Included in this protocol will be maximal incisal opening (MIO ...


Predicting And Preventing Common Volleyball Injuries With Functional Tests, Madison Marshall 2018 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Predicting And Preventing Common Volleyball Injuries With Functional Tests, Madison Marshall

Honors Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to provide a compilation of screening tests best suited for predicting and preventing volleyball’s most common injuries. Research displays a gap in knowledge pertaining to volleyball-specific injury prevention tests. A literary analysis was completed for information regarding; correct volleyball techniques, incorrect techniques that are commonly observed, common injuries resulting from faulty technique, and tests best designed to prevent these injuries. It was found that knees and ankles were the two joints most often injured. These injuries mainly occurred during the landing phase of the jumping-landing sequence. Therefore, ankle and knee injury rates were ...


Humanities In Physical Therapy Education: A Case Study Of Successful Curricular Integration, Jessica L. Cammarata 2018 Indiana University of Pennsylvania

Humanities In Physical Therapy Education: A Case Study Of Successful Curricular Integration, Jessica L. Cammarata

Theses and Dissertations (All)

No abstract provided.


Supplemental Training And Injury Prevention In The Sport Of Ultra-Running, Jessica M. Heidebrink 2018 Liberty University

Supplemental Training And Injury Prevention In The Sport Of Ultra-Running, Jessica M. Heidebrink

Senior Honors Theses

By definition, ultra-marathon running is a sport that covers any distance above the 26.2-mile marathon distance in a single race. The mountains of Virginia host many ultra-marathon races that attract endurance runners from all over the nation to participate. Training is an essential component of running an ultra. Although there is not one specific way to train for an ultra, there is research that correlates the success of the top ultra-runners and their training preferences regarding supplemental training and injury prevention. To gain a more complete understanding of how to prepare for a successful ultra-marathon, an online survey was ...


Surgical Reconstruction Vs. Conservative Rehabilitation Of Isolated Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Relevance To Long-Term Function And Return To Sport, Tristan S. Malin 2018 University of New Mexico

Surgical Reconstruction Vs. Conservative Rehabilitation Of Isolated Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Relevance To Long-Term Function And Return To Sport, Tristan S. Malin

Doctor of Physical Therapy Capstones

Abstract

Background: While isolated posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries are fairly common amongst athletes, there is still no established rule as to how to best treat such an injury, and indeed there is much controversy on whether such and injury should be treated surgically or conservatively with physical therapy.

Case Description: The patient who was the inspiration for this research was a young male athlete who presented with knee pain and instability after a fall during a soccer game. He wished to proceed conservatively as long as such a course of treatment would afford the ability to return to sport ...


Dry Needling And Manual Therapy For Chronic Neck Pain: A Case Study And Literature Review, Clark Bearsmith, Tiffany Enache 2018 University of New Mexico

Dry Needling And Manual Therapy For Chronic Neck Pain: A Case Study And Literature Review, Clark Bearsmith, Tiffany Enache

Doctor of Physical Therapy Capstones

Background/Purpose

Neck pain is the second most common physical therapy diagnosis seen in outpatient clinics and is frequently associated with myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). MTrPs are treated directly with dry needling and manual mobilization. However, it is unclear if one technique is superior to the other. The purpose of this study is to discover in a young, active patient with chronic neck pain, if dry needling is more effective than manual mobilization in decreasing pain and improving function.

Case Description

The patient presented to an outpatient orthopedic clinic with reports of neck pain greater than 6 months. The patient ...


A 6-Week Hip Muscle Strengthening And Lumbopelvic-Hip Core Stabilization Program To Improve Pain, Function, And Quality Of Life In Persons With Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis: A Feasibility Pilot Study., Lisa T. Hoglund, Laura Pontiggia, John D. Kelly 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

A 6-Week Hip Muscle Strengthening And Lumbopelvic-Hip Core Stabilization Program To Improve Pain, Function, And Quality Of Life In Persons With Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis: A Feasibility Pilot Study., Lisa T. Hoglund, Laura Pontiggia, John D. Kelly

Department of Physical Therapy Faculty Papers

Background: Patellofemoral joint (PFJ) osteoarthritis (OA) is prevalent in middle-aged and older adults. Despite this, there are minimal studies which have examined conservative interventions for PFJ OA. Weakness of proximal lower extremity muscles is associated with PFJ OA. It is unknown if a hip muscle strengthening and lumbopelvic-hip core stabilization program will improve symptoms and function in persons with PFJ OA. This study examined the feasibility and impact of a 6-week hip muscle strengthening and core stabilization program on pain, symptoms, physical performance, peak muscle torques, and quality of life in persons with PFJ OA.

Methods: Ten females with PFJ ...


Vestibular Rehabilitation For Children With Sensorineural Hearing Loss, Daniel Tarango 2018 University of New Mexico

Vestibular Rehabilitation For Children With Sensorineural Hearing Loss, Daniel Tarango

Doctor of Physical Therapy Capstones

The purpose of this critical literature analysis is to examine the current evidence for identification and treatment of pediatric patients between 3-12 years old with unilateral or bilateral vestibular hypofunction (UVH or BVH respectively). Identifying specific and sensitive clinical measures in static balance, dynamic balance, and gaze stability. Followed by examination of preliminary therapeutic interventions addressing common deficits in this pediatric population. Children with SNHL demonstrate increased rates of vestibular hypofunction. These deficits warrant the use of valid clinical measures to assess static balance, dynamic balance, and gaze stability. The validated static balance assessment sensitive to vestibular hypofunction is the ...


The Effects Of Equine-Assisted Interventions On Children With Autism: A Systematic Review, Jenna Starke 2018 Carroll College

The Effects Of Equine-Assisted Interventions On Children With Autism: A Systematic Review, Jenna Starke

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Objective: This systematic review was conducted to determine the effects of equine-assisted interventions (EAI) on children aged 3 to 16 years of age with autism in order to further increase knowledge about EAI as an intervention for children with autism.

Methods: Articles were screened on PubMed and CINAHL databases for relationships between equine-assisted interventions and effects on autistic behavior or autistic severity in children with autism.

Results: Studies showed that children receiving EAI improved in social functioning, social skills, motor skills, attention and focus, empathizing, irritability, maladaptive behavior, motivation, executive functioning, quality of life, length of gait cycle, mood and ...


Physical Therapy And Proper Sleep Positions Lead To Improved Hamstring Flexibility, Bailey Miley 2018 Stephen F Austin State University

Physical Therapy And Proper Sleep Positions Lead To Improved Hamstring Flexibility, Bailey Miley

Undergraduate Research Conference

Research Question: How effectively can physical therapy and correct sleep positioning improve hamstring flexibility and reduce pain, based on age and everyday activity?


Assessment Of Medical Screening And Clinical Reasoning Skills By Physical Therapy Students In A Simulated Patient Encounter, Therese E. Johnston 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Assessment Of Medical Screening And Clinical Reasoning Skills By Physical Therapy Students In A Simulated Patient Encounter, Therese E. Johnston

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Physical therapists (PTs) screen their patients for medical issues that may present as musculoskeletal conditions. In physical therapy education, learning activities followed by assessment of skills and clinical reasoning is important. The purposes of this study are to 1) demonstrate the feasibility of the use of standardized patients (SPs) and standardized physicians (SPhs) during a practical examination focused on medical screening, and 2) report outcomes related to the students’ abilities to screen for medical issues and make clinical decisions about referral to a physician.

Methods: Students evaluated a standardized patient in an outpatient setting model. After receiving a patient ...


Motor Subtypes Of Parkinson’S Disease Can Be Identified By Frequency Component Of Postural Stability, Saba Rezvanian, Thurmon Lockhart, Christopher Frames, Rahul Soangra, Abraham Lieberman 2018 Arizona State University

Motor Subtypes Of Parkinson’S Disease Can Be Identified By Frequency Component Of Postural Stability, Saba Rezvanian, Thurmon Lockhart, Christopher Frames, Rahul Soangra, Abraham Lieberman

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

Parkinson’s disease (PD) can be divided into two subtypes based on clinical features—namely tremor dominant (TD) and postural instability and gait difficulty (PIGD). This categorization is important at the early stage of PD, since identifying the subtypes can help to predict the clinical progression of the disease. Accordingly, correctly diagnosing subtypes is critical in initiating appropriate early interventions and tracking the progression of the disease. However, as the disease progresses, it becomes increasingly difficult to further distinguish those attributes that are relevant to the subtypes. In this study, we investigated whether a method using the standing center of ...


Physical Therapy Service-Learning In A Second World Country: What Are The Benefits?, Molly L. Koeneman, Katie B. Palmer, Jessie Bass 2018 Lynchburg College

Physical Therapy Service-Learning In A Second World Country: What Are The Benefits?, Molly L. Koeneman, Katie B. Palmer, Jessie Bass

Student Scholar Showcase

Social responsibility and service are key initiatives within the physical therapy profession and within the Lynchburg College Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) program. Service-learning opportunities are offered in the DPT program within the country of St. Lucia on a yearly basis. The primary focus of this presentation is to evaluate the impact of this type of experiential learning on both students and the local community. During the 2018 service trip, the Minister of Special Education of St. Lucia provided special insight to our contribution to the special education schools in St. Lucia, which indicates the trip provides beneficial and sustaining ...


Lc Dpt Service Trip To St. Lucia: Following The Progress Of A 7 Y/O Boy Over 3 Years From Non-Ambulatory To Running With Peers, Brooke Panfil, Ainsley Reed 2018 Lynchburg College

Lc Dpt Service Trip To St. Lucia: Following The Progress Of A 7 Y/O Boy Over 3 Years From Non-Ambulatory To Running With Peers, Brooke Panfil, Ainsley Reed

Student Scholar Showcase

In January of 2016, the Lynchburg College Doctor of Physical Therapy program formed the first group of 10 students and 2 professors that traveled to the island of St. Lucia to provide much-needed physical therapy services to the children in special education schools. During the initial visit, several students had the opportunity to work with a 5-year-old boy named Mark who had just learned to stand and presented with behavioral issues and lacked fine-motor skills. After spending only a couple hours with Mark, the students came up with a plan and some recommendations for Mark’s teachers with hopes to ...


Being Observant: How Studying Michelangelo Can Improve Pt Practice, Andrew Lloyd, Erica Zachrich 2018 Lynchburg College

Being Observant: How Studying Michelangelo Can Improve Pt Practice, Andrew Lloyd, Erica Zachrich

Student Scholar Showcase

The field of physical therapy is swiftly transitioning from a formulaic biomedical model to a patient-centered biopsychosocial model, requiring clinicians to view their patients as a whole instead of as a sum of their parts. Integration of this concept into graduate health science education is variable across professions and amongst the same professional programs. Lynchburg College’s Doctor of Physical Therapy Program is pioneering an experiential learning course for graduate-level PT programs. “The Art of Anatomical Dissection: From Ancient Rome to the Renaissance” will transport students to the land of Da Vinci and Michelangelo, to study how the innovations of ...


Sensory Integration In Saint Lucian Schools: A Case Study, Megan Lively SPT, Ashley Danielsen SPT, Leigha Schimmoeller SPT 2018 Lynchburg College DPT

Sensory Integration In Saint Lucian Schools: A Case Study, Megan Lively Spt, Ashley Danielsen Spt, Leigha Schimmoeller Spt

Student Scholar Showcase

In January 2018, the Lynchburg College Doctor of Physical Therapy program sent a group of ten first- and second-year students to St. Lucia to provide therapy services to children in need across the island in five different special education schools. The group has been able to work hand-in-hand with the Ministry of Education in St. Lucia for the past three years in order to make a positive impact on the special education students and teachers. As the group did their evaluations this year, we noticed a trend that most of the students we worked presented with sensory integration dysfunctions and ...


Transitioning To The Role Of A Professional Physical Therapist Through Community Engagement, Brittany L. Wentzel 2018 Virginia Wesleyan College

Transitioning To The Role Of A Professional Physical Therapist Through Community Engagement, Brittany L. Wentzel

VA Engage Journal

This article recounts the author's experiences observing and interning with physical therapists in a variety of settings.The hands-on experiences the author describes allowed the author to learn the specific procedures and requirements in a typical day as a Physical Therapist, and to gain knowledge on the protocol for different injuries, the muscles that each exercise strengthens, and how to properly perform exercises to prevent further injuries. The author also explores how these experiences fostered observational and interpersonal skills and solidified the decision to pursue Physical Therapy as a career.


Physiological Tremor In Handgun Aiming And Shooting Tasks, Kyle J. Kelleran 2018 Old Dominion University

Physiological Tremor In Handgun Aiming And Shooting Tasks, Kyle J. Kelleran

Human Movement Sciences Theses & Dissertations

When holding an outstretched limb or aiming at a target, humans produce small involuntary fluctuations that may hamper performance. Current strategies for minimizing the impact of tremulous oscillations predominantly include both extrinsic and intrinsic support. The aim of the current dissertation is to better understand the parameters of physiological tremor associated with handgun aiming with the end goal of improving shooting accuracy. Experiment 1 focused on handgun aiming and the influence of different arm posture adopted during aiming. Experiment 2 expanded upon the findings of experiment 1 by comparing tremor during finger pointing, handgun aiming, and handgun shooting. Experiment 3 ...


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