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Determining The Concurrent And Predictive Validity Of The Repetitive Step Test In Individuals With Parkinson's Disease, Rachel Wells, Evan Callahan, Jacob Greco, Harold L. Merriman, Kurt Jackson 2024 University of Dayton

Determining The Concurrent And Predictive Validity Of The Repetitive Step Test In Individuals With Parkinson's Disease, Rachel Wells, Evan Callahan, Jacob Greco, Harold L. Merriman, Kurt Jackson

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Purpose/Hypothesis: The Repetitive Step Test (RST) assesses rapid stepping capability in anterior lateral (AL) and posterior lateral (PL) diagonal directions. This study’s goal was to determine the predictive validity of the RST to identify fallers with Parkinson’s Disease (PD). A secondary objective was to determine concurrent validity of the RST to other established tests. It was hypothesized that those who completed fewer steps with the RST would be more likely to fall and that the RST would predict falls at least as well as the other balance tests.

Materials and Methods: 13 subjects (8 F, 5 M; mean age 70.2 …


Efficacy Of Curl Up Task As Abdominal Exercise Program For Diastasis Recti Abdominis, Wendy Chorny, Betsy K. Donahoe-Fillmore, Rio Harrelson, Laney Hulbert, Jessica Westerfield, Mary I. Fisher 2024 University of Dayton

Efficacy Of Curl Up Task As Abdominal Exercise Program For Diastasis Recti Abdominis, Wendy Chorny, Betsy K. Donahoe-Fillmore, Rio Harrelson, Laney Hulbert, Jessica Westerfield, Mary I. Fisher

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Purpose/Hypothesis: The separation between the rectus abdominal muscles caused by a widening and thinning linea alba, called diastasis recti abdominis (DRA), contributes to impairments in strength of the abdominal and trunk muscles. DRA is most frequently observed during pregnancy and may recede after childbirth but can be present at 12 months or later after giving birth. The purpose of this study was to determine if a focused 12 or 24 week exercise program improves inter-rectus distance and abdominal strength in women who have given birth.

Number of Subjects: Forty-eight women 27-49 years (mean 37 years) were randomized into a 12 …


Effectiveness Of A Talocrural Joint Mobilization On Restricted Dorsiflexion: A Time Series Intervention Analysis, Carly Archambeau, Ceili Kacmarcik, Camryn Yacks 2024 University of Dayton

Effectiveness Of A Talocrural Joint Mobilization On Restricted Dorsiflexion: A Time Series Intervention Analysis, Carly Archambeau, Ceili Kacmarcik, Camryn Yacks

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Purpose/Hypothesis: Restricted ankle dorsiflexion (DF) mobility is a common musculoskeletal impairment. For intervention, ankle joint mobilizations are often utilized to address restricted DF. Interestingly, no studies have investigated the short-term effect duration of a joint mobilization intervention on restricted DF. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to observe the initial effectiveness and effect duration of a DF mobilization treatment. DF measures included both a static inclinometer-based weight-bearing lunge test (WBLT) as well as dynamic 3D motion capture-based peak ankle DF during a forward step down (FSD) task. We hypothesized that both measures would increase post-mobilization and fade to baseline …


The Use And Accuracy Of Millimeter Wave Radar And Machine Learning For Gait Classification And Monitoring, Mubarak Alanazi, Abdullah Alhazmi, Vamsy Chodavarapu, Kurt Jackson, Meghan Brown, Kara Gnau, Shannon Thiel 2024 University of Dayton

The Use And Accuracy Of Millimeter Wave Radar And Machine Learning For Gait Classification And Monitoring, Mubarak Alanazi, Abdullah Alhazmi, Vamsy Chodavarapu, Kurt Jackson, Meghan Brown, Kara Gnau, Shannon Thiel

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Purpose/hypothesis: The ability to monitor human activity remotely may be useful in providing telerehabilitation and measuring real-world rehabilitation outcomes. Current methods of activity monitoring have significant limitations (cost, privacy, ease of use) that can limit their benefit and widespread use. Recent advances in machine learning (ML) and millimeter wave radar (MWR) have allowed for the development of a cost effective and simple way to monitor human movement continuously and remotely while maintaining reasonable privacy. The purpose of this study was to test the ability of ML and MWR to accurately classify and monitor different types of human activity including different …


An Artificial Intelligent Millimeter Wave Radar System For Human Activity Recognition And Monitoring, Abdullah Alhazmi, Vamsy Chodavarapu, Kurt Jackson, Cameron Djukic, Jennifer Jaszek, Anna Brown 2024 University of Dayton

An Artificial Intelligent Millimeter Wave Radar System For Human Activity Recognition And Monitoring, Abdullah Alhazmi, Vamsy Chodavarapu, Kurt Jackson, Cameron Djukic, Jennifer Jaszek, Anna Brown

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Purpose/hypothesis: The ability to monitor human activity remotely may be useful in providing telerehabilitation and measuring real-world rehabilitation outcomes. Current methods of activity monitoring have significant limitations (cost, privacy, ease of use) that can limit their benefit and widespread use. Recent advances in machine learning (ML) and millimeter wave radar (MWR) have allowed for the development of a cost effective and simple way to monitor human movement continuously and remotely while maintaining reasonable privacy. The purpose of this study was to test the ability of ML and MWR to accurately classify and monitor different types of human activity including falls. …


Wrist Flexor And Extensor Tendon Stiffness During Functional Grip: A Pilot Study, Kristin Stein, Matthew Stephens, Camryn Yacks, Harold Merriman, Joseph Day 2024 University of Dayton

Wrist Flexor And Extensor Tendon Stiffness During Functional Grip: A Pilot Study, Kristin Stein, Matthew Stephens, Camryn Yacks, Harold Merriman, Joseph Day

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Purpose/Hypothesis: Ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE) quantifies muscle stiffness, a mechanical muscle property that is known to influence muscle function. Gripping is an important functional task and relies on the synergistic actions of the wrist flexors and extensors. To date, there are no studies to quantify tendon stiffness as measured by SWE during a functional task like gripping. The purpose of this study was to quantify differences between resting and submaximal gripping stiffness of the common wrist flexor (CFT) and common wrist extensor tendons (CET). Secondly, we aimed to compare tendon stiffness values between the flexor tendon and extensor tendons …


Altering The Lower Limb Kinetic Chain: Reliability And Minimum Detectable Change Of Total Support Moment, J Barrios, R Cloud, M Gorski, A Grieshop, A Kinney 2024 University of Dayton

Altering The Lower Limb Kinetic Chain: Reliability And Minimum Detectable Change Of Total Support Moment, J Barrios, R Cloud, M Gorski, A Grieshop, A Kinney

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Purpose: 3D joint kinetics are routinely studied in various lower limb musculoskeletal conditions. Often, a condition affecting a joint is associated with altered kinetics at that same joint, such as knee osteoarthritis being associated with reduced knee flexion moments. However, these same-joint alterations may also contribute to altered comprehensive movement patterns of the entire limb in a synergistic manner. A lower limb biomechanical metric that represents this multi-joint kinetic chain synergy is the total support moment (TSM). Indeed, TSM has been found to be altered in knee osteoarthritis, anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, and partial meniscectomy. Despite this, psychometric studies are …


Ehealth Cancer-Related Fatigue Intervention Single Arm Study, Anne Fleischer, Samantha Gelhaus, Emily Flohre, Caroline Frazee, Mary I. Fisher, Carrie Pickering 2024 University of Cincinnati

Ehealth Cancer-Related Fatigue Intervention Single Arm Study, Anne Fleischer, Samantha Gelhaus, Emily Flohre, Caroline Frazee, Mary I. Fisher, Carrie Pickering

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Purpose/Hypothesis: Cancer related fatigue (CRF), a sense of physical, emotional and cognitive tiredness not relieved by rest, negatively affects function. Prevalence is reported to be 59-100% throughout the care continuum. Exercise and psychosocial interventions are supported as effective treatment options, yet barriers to personalized care include time and distance to travel for care. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of personalized exercise prescribed by physical therapy (PT), and occupational goal setting and tasks prescribed by occupational therapy (OT) on physical function.

Number of Subjects: 16 adults with cancer and fatigue ≥4/10.

Materials and Methods: Over …


Bal-A-Vis-X Intervention To Improve Upper Limb Coordination In Children With Disability: A Pilot Study, Marta Boot, Zoe Clark, Kyla Hill, McKenzie Stefanoff, Betsy Donahoe Fillmore, Trisha Renner, Bo Slutz, Mary I. Fisher 2024 University of Dayton

Bal-A-Vis-X Intervention To Improve Upper Limb Coordination In Children With Disability: A Pilot Study, Marta Boot, Zoe Clark, Kyla Hill, Mckenzie Stefanoff, Betsy Donahoe Fillmore, Trisha Renner, Bo Slutz, Mary I. Fisher

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Purpose/Hypothesis: Balance/Auditory/Vision exercises (Bal-A-Vis-X) consists of a series of exercises using sand-filled bags and racquet balls. Most of the exercises are completed while standing on a rocker board and heavily rooted in rhythm. The rhythmic patterns are utilized to facilitate focused concentration, crossing midline, motor planning, right/left awareness, eye-hand coordination, balance, bilateral coordination, body and spatial awareness. Only a few published studies have explored Bal-A-Vis-X as an intervention in therapy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of Bal-A-Vis-X to improve upper limb coordination in children with motor delays.

Number of Subjects: Fifteen children with motor delays …


A Comparison Of Clinical Measures Between Front And Back Court National Basketball Association Players, Philip A. Anloague, Brooklyn Keaton, Noah Monaghan, Brianna Pittenger, Angelica Scanland, Claire Slamka, Destiny Sunberg, Brett Williams 2024 Indiana Pacers

A Comparison Of Clinical Measures Between Front And Back Court National Basketball Association Players, Philip A. Anloague, Brooklyn Keaton, Noah Monaghan, Brianna Pittenger, Angelica Scanland, Claire Slamka, Destiny Sunberg, Brett Williams

University of Dayton Doctor of Physical Therapy Annual Research Symposium

Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to compare select clinical measures between front and back court players to establish normative values in these populations. We hypothesized that there would be differences between front and back court players for select clinical measures.

Subjects: 326 Rostered National Basketball Association (NBA) players participated. Subjects were divided into two groups, frontcourt (n=132) and backcourt (n=194) and were excluded if they were not cleared to participate in pre-season training at the time of data collection.

Methods: Data was collected by a single rater during training camp. Inclusion criteria included non-injured players who were cleared …


Cracking A Back Is Not Rehabilitation: A Comparative Analysis Of Chiropractic Vs. Physical Therapy, Lauren M. Radack 2024 University of Lynchburg

Cracking A Back Is Not Rehabilitation: A Comparative Analysis Of Chiropractic Vs. Physical Therapy, Lauren M. Radack

Student Scholar Showcase

There is an increasingly common belief among the general public that chiropractic care is more successful in treating injuries than physical therapy. Research shows that chiropractic care cannot be compared to physical therapy due to their different skill sets, knowledge of treatment, and applications; therefore, one modality cannot be determined better than the other. While the two domains are incomparable, individuals continue to feel pressured to select between chiropractic care and physical Therapy. Analyzing the influence of the false claims and misinformation that surrounds rehabilitation services, the belief that physical therapy treatment is able to be replaced by chiropractic treatment …


Quantitative Pilot Study: Impact Of Social Responsibility And Altruism Values On Rehabilitation Employee Satisfaction, Debra Beazley, Agnes Kim, Lori Bolgla 2024 University of Lynchburg, USA

Quantitative Pilot Study: Impact Of Social Responsibility And Altruism Values On Rehabilitation Employee Satisfaction, Debra Beazley, Agnes Kim, Lori Bolgla

Asian Journal of Physical Therapy

Background: This study explores the association between physical therapist satisfaction in a rehabilitation private practice and perceptions of altruism and social responsibility in the workplace. Small private, for-profit businesses like therapy practices often embrace altruistic values and socially responsible cultures driven by close stakeholder relationships. Alignment between business culture and personal values is a stronger predictor of workplace and career satisfaction. Employees who perceive value alignment report higher job satisfaction and relatedness. Prosocial cultures, rich in altruism and social responsibility, foster job fit and reduce dissatisfaction and turnover. Physical therapy's core values, including altruism and social responsibility, are integral to …


Childhood Cancer Survivorship: Navigating A New Normal In Middle Tennessee, Karli M. Beaumont 2024 Belmont University

Childhood Cancer Survivorship: Navigating A New Normal In Middle Tennessee, Karli M. Beaumont

OTD Capstone Projects

Monroe Carell Jr. Children’s Hospital at Vanderbilt in partnership with Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center offers REACH for Cancer Survivorship, a pediatric cancer survivorship clinic. REACH provides a full range of follow-up care designed to meet the physical, emotional, and practical needs of survivors and continuous surveillance of deleterious effects of cancer and its treatments. The purpose of this project was to meet population and agency needs through research of long- and late-term sequela while advocating for occupational therapy’s role in the oncology population through the proactive therapy and prospective surveillance models. The process of creating this project included synthesizing the literature, …


Exploring The Interplay Between Physical Activity Wellness, Social Networks, And Academic Performance In Pt Students, Grace C. Johnson, Kellie Gossman, Tessa Wells, Betsy J. Becker 2024 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Exploring The Interplay Between Physical Activity Wellness, Social Networks, And Academic Performance In Pt Students, Grace C. Johnson, Kellie Gossman, Tessa Wells, Betsy J. Becker

Posters and Presentations: Physical Therapy

Purpose

Recognizing the intersection of peer influence, physical activity, student wellness, and academic performance, this study aims to provide insights that can inform educational practices and promote success among future physical therapist (PT) students. The study's purpose is to investigate the associations between students' physical activity wellness scores, their social networks, and academic performance within the school environment. The research questions are (1) Do students tend to form friendships with classmates who exhibit similar physical activity wellness scores and student achievement? and (2) How do the Exercise Factor scores of PT students align with published normative values?

Subjects: 124 students …


From Textbooks To Clinical Practice: Selecting And Implementing Outcomes Measures In Stroke Rehabilitation, Stacie Mae Larreau Christensen, Monica Dial 2024 University of Nebraska Medical Center

From Textbooks To Clinical Practice: Selecting And Implementing Outcomes Measures In Stroke Rehabilitation, Stacie Mae Larreau Christensen, Monica Dial

Posters and Presentations: Physical Therapy

No abstract provided.


Participation And Outcomes Of A Community-Based Fall Prevention Program Before, During And After Covid-19 Pandemic., Bhavana Raja, Preeti Oza 2024 University of the Pacific

Participation And Outcomes Of A Community-Based Fall Prevention Program Before, During And After Covid-19 Pandemic., Bhavana Raja, Preeti Oza

Pacific Journal of Health

Introduction: Several community education programs aim to minimize risk of falling in community-dwelling older adults. However, due to the covid-19 pandemic most of these programs stopped or were delivered virtually. A matter of balance (MOB) is one such program that was delivered virtually during pandemic. The purpose of this study is to assess the differences in outcomes between in-person and virtual MOB program in San Joaquin County of California.

Methods: Participants were recruited from the community. Each MOB course ran for 8 sessions in-person or 9 sessions in the virtual format. A retrospective analysis was conducted on deidentified pre-post survey …


Prevalence Of Depression In Physical Therapy Environments For Young Adult Populations In The U.S.: A Systematic Literature Review, Audrey N. Baucom 2024 Georgia Southern University

Prevalence Of Depression In Physical Therapy Environments For Young Adult Populations In The U.S.: A Systematic Literature Review, Audrey N. Baucom

Honors College Theses

Objective: This systematic review aimed to examine interactions of depression symptoms and diagnoses and its prevalence in physical therapy settings among the young adult population ages 18-24 in the United States through current literature and to identify existing literature. Methods: This review followed the PRISMA guidelines to form a systematic review. Ten databases were extensively searched. Results were screened by one researcher and those that met the criteria were verified as inclusive by a second researcher. Results: The search yielded 3,017 results and included two studies. In each study, age was not identified as a prevalent variable in mental health …


Perturbation-Based Gait Training, Julia Bohlman, Ashwini Kulkarni 2024 Old Dominion University

Perturbation-Based Gait Training, Julia Bohlman, Ashwini Kulkarni

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Background:

Falls during walking are common in older adults and individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD) [1]. These falls are often caused by trips [2]. Injuries caused by falls can be severe, in all age groups and populations. Given the potential severity of injuries resulting from falls, it is crucial to implement interventions aimed at preventing falls. Such interventions focus on anticipatory and/or reactive mechanisms. Perturbation-based gait training (PBT) addresses both mechanisms by intentionally destabilizing participants to induce a loss of stability, triggering a motor response to regain postural stability. PBT works on the principle of specificity. While earlier studies on …


Idiopathic And Neuromuscular Scoliosis In A Female College Basketball Player Requiring Spinal Correction Surgery, Magan Kim 2024 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Idiopathic And Neuromuscular Scoliosis In A Female College Basketball Player Requiring Spinal Correction Surgery, Magan Kim

UNO Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

The purpose of this report is to present the case of a 20-year-old female collegiate basketball player who was diagnosed with a combination of idiopathic and neuromuscular scoliosis. Patient underwent thoracic spinal fusion surgery when she was 15 to resolve her extreme scoliosis. The uniqueness of this case stems from the athlete’s urgency to have to undergo a life-altering spine operation and still be able to successfully contribute to a collegiate basketball team. Athletic trainers should be knowledgeable and aware of how to maintain treatment/rehabilitation for athletes with scoliosis, operative or non-operative. Scoliosis should no longer be a reason to …


Pilot Study For Use Of An Arthrometer To Assess Joint Laxity In People With Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Dawn T. Gulick, Valerie Iovine, Kerstin Palombaro 2024 Widener University

Pilot Study For Use Of An Arthrometer To Assess Joint Laxity In People With Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Dawn T. Gulick, Valerie Iovine, Kerstin Palombaro

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Joint hypermobility is a condition in which synovial joints move beyond normal limits. Approximately 10-25% of children and 5-25% of adults experience hypermobility syndrome. One such hypermobility syndrome is an inherited connective tissue disorder known as Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS). Typically, a score of 4-5 out of 9 on the Beighton scale is indicative of hypermobility in adults. Whereas 6 out of 9 is the criteria for children. No significant correlations were found between the systemic features of EDS and the Beighton score. The purpose of this pilot study was to see if an arthrometer could be used …


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