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Perioperative, Operating Room and Surgical Nursing Commons

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Implementation Of An Opioid Risk Assessment Tool, Stacey Cuomo 2017 Seton Hall University

Implementation Of An Opioid Risk Assessment Tool, Stacey Cuomo

Seton Hall University DNP Final Projects

The increased prevalence of opioid use in society has led to an increase in surgical patients with a history of such use. Patients who use or are addicted to opioids have different tolerances and responses to anesthesia than non-opioid users, and will require different care than non-users both pre- and post-operatively. The means to identify this population prior to a surgical procedure is needed as a way to organize, plan and manage patient care during the perioperative period. An Opioid Risk Assessment Tool (ORAT) was used as a way to streamline the process of identifying these patients. This paper addresses ...


Reducing Turnover Time To Improve Efficiency In The Operating Room, Myrna Jafari 2017 The University of San Francisco

Reducing Turnover Time To Improve Efficiency In The Operating Room, Myrna Jafari

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

The purpose of this project is to improve efficiency by reducing turnover time in the operating room (OR) that can consequently enhance patients’ and physicians’ satisfaction, promote teamwork, and decrease the cost of operating room delays. The increasing trend of turnover time (TOT) requires attention for microsystem improvement in the OR of Santa Rosa Memorial Hospital. The intervention to improve efficiency is to educate the OR team members on roles and responsibilities to establish a standard workflow which can promote accountability and teamwork during the turnover process. Havelock’s theory of change is used as a framework for the ...


Surgical Site Infection Reduction Through Nasal Decolonization Prior To Surgery, Melissa S. Schmidt 2017 University of San Francisco

Surgical Site Infection Reduction Through Nasal Decolonization Prior To Surgery, Melissa S. Schmidt

Master's Projects and Capstones

Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common and expensive healthcare-acquired infection. The objective of this nurse-driven process improvement project was to implement a cost-effective and practical decolonization protocol to improve outcomes for high-risk veteran populations undergoing surgery at a large veteran’s hospital in the Pacific Northwest. Prior to the implementation, a decolonization protocol was used for cardiac and orthopedic preoperative patients. The process involved screening for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization via nasal swab preoperatively and treating positive patients with mupirocin ointment to nares BID and chlorhexidine showers for five days prior to surgery. Adherence to the protocol ...


Development Of A Nurse Practitioner First Assistant Orientation Program, Romoanetia Lofton 2017 The University of San Francisco

Development Of A Nurse Practitioner First Assistant Orientation Program, Romoanetia Lofton

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

The demand for surgical services continues to increase, creating a strain in our healthcare system and causing increasing backlog hours for the operating room. Allowing nurse practitioners (NP) to function in an expanded role in the perioperative environment requires additional training beyond the generic NP program. With this additional training, the NP can function as a first assistant, providing delegated medical functions in the perioperative environment. An in-house NP registered nurse first assistant orientation program was developed based on the adult learning theory as a conceptual framework combined with the AORN perioperative standards as a foundation. The cost of using ...


Fall Prevention, Linda Fang 2017 The University of San Francisco

Fall Prevention, Linda Fang

Master's Projects and Capstones

Fall Prevention Abstract

Background: According to the CDC, the medical cost for falls was approximately $30 billion in 2012. When a patient falls, and gets serious injury, these costs could sum up to $14,056 per patient. As a result, hospital stays per patient are observed to increase by approximately 6.3 days longer than those patients who haven’t encountered falls.

This study focused on identifying high fall risk patients, and developing a plan of care to reduce the occurrence of falls in a hospital setting. Nurses using safe fall interventions techniques have been proven to inspire fall preventions ...


Administering Dexamethasone Prior To Peripheral Nerve Blocks, Jacob Millwood 2017 The University of Southern Mississippi

Administering Dexamethasone Prior To Peripheral Nerve Blocks, Jacob Millwood

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Post-operative pain creates burdens for the patient and their family members while also drastically increasing the price of cost to the healthcare system. The Institute of Medicine Committee on Advancing Pain Research, Care, and Education states that the annual economic cost of chronic pain in adults is $560-630 billion (IOM, 2011). Regional anesthesia has been shown to provide potent analgesia that often times leads to a reduction in systemic analgesic requirements, opioid related side effects, general anesthesia requirements, and possibly the incidence of chronic post-operative pain. There are several adjunct medications that can be combined with peripheral nerve blocks to ...


Increasing Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists Clinical Self-Efficacy Using Peer Mentoring, Megan Christine Bass 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Increasing Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists Clinical Self-Efficacy Using Peer Mentoring, Megan Christine Bass

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

The purpose of this project is to determine if clinical self-efficacy is increased in SRNAs at The University of Southern Mississippi after participation in the peer mentoring program. The project was a one-group pre and posttest design in a sample of SRNAs who received peer mentoring. To evaluate the students’ perceived clinical self-efficacy before and after the peer mentoring educational intervention, the Rowbotham and Schmitz Student Self-Efficacy scale (SSE) (2013) was adapted and administered to second-year SRNAs (N=17). Clinical performance, skill and knowledge development, social interaction with clinical faculty, and coping with clinical stress are the four areas evaluated ...


The Effects Of In-Service Education On Workplace Incivility For Crnas, Tran King 2017 The University of Southern Mississippi

The Effects Of In-Service Education On Workplace Incivility For Crnas, Tran King

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Workplace incivility (WPI) affects many healthcare providers, including Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists. This project was an exploration of the prevalence, nature, and sources of WPI affecting CRNAs. The project’s intervention was an in-service education on WPI for CRNAs. The purposes of the project were to measure the effectiveness of the in-service education in increasing awareness of CRNAs about WPI; and to offer a practice change proposal in terms of a policy against WPI in the anesthesia department.

A Needs Assessment Survey and Demographic Data Information form were distributed from Survey Monkey to participants’ email by way of blind copy ...


Knowledge And Attitudes Of Orthopedic Nurses Regarding Pain Management, Matthew Neumann 2017 Liberty University

Knowledge And Attitudes Of Orthopedic Nurses Regarding Pain Management, Matthew Neumann

Graduate Student Projects and Scholarship

Nurses are at the forefront in the care of patient pain management; however, many nurses do not possess the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for best pain management outcomes. Adequate pain management education is often infrequent in academic settings and in post-graduate health care environments. That shortcoming suggests a need to improve pain management education as advocated by The Joint Commission and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The purpose of this study is to measure 20 nurses’ knowledge and attitudes regarding pain and pain management while working in an orthopedic setting. It was an evidence-based practice project ...


Implementation Of An Evidenced-Based Practice Curriculum To Improve Nursing Practice For Epidural Administration And Monitoring, Chatty O'Keeffe 2017 University of South Carolina - Beaufort

Implementation Of An Evidenced-Based Practice Curriculum To Improve Nursing Practice For Epidural Administration And Monitoring, Chatty O'Keeffe

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Epidural analgesia (EA) is one inpatient pain management option prescribed by Acute Pain Services (APS) at VA Puget Sound Health Care Services (VAPSHCS). Historically, EA nursing care at VAPSHCS has been managed by surgical units. However, in the last two years, facility restructuring and budget constraints have led to reorganization and consolidation of units. The reduction in units providing nursing EA care has resulted in an overflow of EA patients to the medical intensive care unit (MICU). A previous gap analysis of the compliance in nursing performance of EA nursing care on the surgical acute care unit demonstrated poor ...


Evaluation Of Laparoscopic Appendectomy Vs. Open Appendectomy: A Retrospective Study At Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Yasmin Vellani, Shaheena Bhatti, Ghina Shamsi, Yasmin Parpio, Tazeen Saeed Ali 2017 Aga Khan University

Evaluation Of Laparoscopic Appendectomy Vs. Open Appendectomy: A Retrospective Study At Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Yasmin Vellani, Shaheena Bhatti, Ghina Shamsi, Yasmin Parpio, Tazeen Saeed Ali

Tazeen Ali

OBJECTIVE: To compare open and laparoscopic appendectomies and to evaluate the level of efficacy of both types of appendectomy performed at Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH). METHODS: Based on this strong study rationale, a clinical audit of patient's records was performed to evaluate the significance of this technique as a treatment modality. The study population comprised of patients with appendicitis admitted in the Department of Surgery from January 2004 to December 2004. The patients' charts were reviewed to ascertain whether the procedure was done as an acute case or as an elective procedure. The predictor variables explored in this ...


Malignant Hyperthermia, Garrett Erickson 2017 Otterbein University

Malignant Hyperthermia, Garrett Erickson

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Malignant hyperthermia is known as a pharmacogenetic disorder which manifests itself in the skeletal muscle (Heytens, Forget, Scholtès, & Veyckemans, 2015). When a susceptible patient, who carries the autosomal dominant trait, is exposed to volatile anesthetics and/or the neuromuscular blocker succinylcholine, a detrimental response can occur. This response is a hypermetabolic state with hypercapnia, hemodynamic instability, rigidity, hyperthermia, and signs of rhabdomyolysis (Heytens et al., 2015). MH is a rare condition with incidences between 1/5,000 and 1/50,000 (Nagelhout and Plaus, 2014, p. 829), and often occurs during the induction of anesthesia but can also occur intraoperatively ...


Retention And Attrition In Bariatric Surgery Research: A Qualitative Study, William F. Gourash 2017 Duquesne University

Retention And Attrition In Bariatric Surgery Research: A Qualitative Study, William F. Gourash

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Problem: Longitudinal bariatric surgical research studies often lack information on retention and attrition of study participants and the strategies utilized to optimize these. The potential for attrition bias with adverse effects on validity, reliability, and generalizability increases over time. The many factors potentially affecting retention and attrition in research, have been under studied.

Purpose: The purpose was to explore factors affecting research participation of bariatric surgical patients who are subjects in the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (LABS) study. The research questions explored research participants’ perceptions, motivations, and attitudes concerning participation in the study, specifically participation in annual in-person visits ...


I’M A Big Kid Now: Enhancing Transition Rn Residents’ Confidence During Pediatric Patient Care, Emily W. Lam 2017 University of San Francisco

I’M A Big Kid Now: Enhancing Transition Rn Residents’ Confidence During Pediatric Patient Care, Emily W. Lam

Master's Projects and Capstones

The title of the clinical nurse leader project is “I’m a Big Kid Now: Enhancing Transition RN Residents’ Confidence During Pediatric Patient Care”. The project aims to improve the support components for Transition RN residents during their Transition RN Residency at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles. The clinical leadership theme that correlates to this project is communication. The clinical nurse leader’s role is to act as an educator and a facilitator throughout this project. In examining the clinical nurse leader competencies, competencies “use performance measures to assess and improve the delivery of evidence-based practices and promote outcomes that ...


Reducing Operating Room Turnover Times, Marivic Z. Paraz-Lee 2017 University of San Francisco

Reducing Operating Room Turnover Times, Marivic Z. Paraz-Lee

Master's Projects and Capstones

Background

The operating room (OR) in an ambulatory surgery center (ASC) is what generates income for an organization, but it can also be costly if it’s improperly managed. The purpose of this project is to decrease OR turnover time (TOT) in order to increase OR efficiency, patient and staff satisfaction, as well as be cost effective. As defined by Gottschalk et al. (2016), OR turnover time is “the duration of time from a patient exiting the OR to the time the succeeding patient enters the OR” (p. 489).

Methods

The method utilized for this project is gathering weekly average ...


Nasal Antisepsis Methods: Povidone-Iodine Vs Alcohol Based Solutions, Mackenzie McCoy 2017 University of Wyoming

Nasal Antisepsis Methods: Povidone-Iodine Vs Alcohol Based Solutions, Mackenzie Mccoy

Honors Theses AY 16/17

Surgical site infections (SSIs) are unforeseen complications of surgeries as a result of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Often these SSIs are caused by bacteria that are naturally found on a person’s body, specifically their own personal flora found in the nares. A method of eliminating this colonization is critical in decreasing rates of SSIs. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to determine the best solution of nasal antisepsis to use in my nursing capstone preoperative unit in order to eliminate the colonies of nasal bacteria in patients undergoing surgeries involving implants. Two solutions were identified as most commonly used antiseptics ...


Nasal Antisepsis Methods: Povidone-Iodine Vs Alcohol Based Solutions, Mackenzie McCoy 2017 University of Wyoming

Nasal Antisepsis Methods: Povidone-Iodine Vs Alcohol Based Solutions, Mackenzie Mccoy

Honors Theses AY 16/17

Surgical site infections (SSIs) are unforeseen complications of surgeries as a result of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Often these SSIs are caused by bacteria that are naturally found on a person’s body, specifically their own personal flora found in the nares. A method of eliminating this colonization is critical in decreasing rates of SSIs. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to determine the best solution of nasal antisepsis to use in my nursing capstone preoperative unit in order to eliminate the colonies of nasal bacteria in patients undergoing surgeries involving implants. Two solutions were identified as most commonly used antiseptics ...


Implementing Evidence Based Practices For Preventing Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device (Cied) Infection And The Role Of Post-Operative Oral Antibiotics, Ingrid Mitchell 2017 California State University, Northern California Consortium Doctor of Nursing Practice

Implementing Evidence Based Practices For Preventing Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device (Cied) Infection And The Role Of Post-Operative Oral Antibiotics, Ingrid Mitchell

Doctoral Projects

Cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) are standard therapy for patients with a bradyarrhythmia, tachyarrhythmia or heart failure (HF) with a left bundle branch block (LBBB) (Wilkoff, et al., 2008). Millions of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) have been implanted worldwide and this clinical practice has improved the quality of life for millions (Epstein, DiMarco, & Ellenbogen, 2008). With the increase of implants there has been an increase in the infection rates (Klug et al., 2007). Research studies have evaluated pre-procedure, during procedure and after procedure risk and protocols. Studies have also evaluated operative factors, procedural related factors, intravenous preoperative ...


Reported Interventions For Reducing Anxiety And Distress In Adult Oncology Patients Throughout Their Cancer Experience: A Review Of The Literature And An Analysis Of Adults In Remission, Katie Gomez 2017 Dominican University of California

Reported Interventions For Reducing Anxiety And Distress In Adult Oncology Patients Throughout Their Cancer Experience: A Review Of The Literature And An Analysis Of Adults In Remission, Katie Gomez

Honors Theses and Capstone Projects

Background: The purpose of this paper is to identify present methods at relieving anxiety and distress in adult oncology patients. According to the American Cancer Association (2016), 1.7 million American will be diagnosed with cancer in 2016, and therefore, it is important for nurses to be competent caregivers to this growing patient population.

Literature Review: A comprehensive review of current literature showed that consistent, competent caregivers, honest communication from the medical team, back massage, and music therapy were effective at cutting mean anxiety and distress scores by as much as 50 percent. Sixteen peer-reviewed articles from around the world ...


Decreasing Cost In The Gi Endoscopy Suite By Utilizing Best Sedation Practices, Casey Brianne Mancini 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Decreasing Cost In The Gi Endoscopy Suite By Utilizing Best Sedation Practices, Casey Brianne Mancini

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Colorectal cancer is a leading cause of cancer death in the United States (Mandel, Tanner, Lichtenstein, Metz, Katzka, Ginsberg, & Kochman, 2008; Siegel, DeSantis, & Jemal, 2014). Because this lethal disease claims lives of many people every year, more patients are undergoing screening colonoscopies, which have greatly aided in decreasing the number of colorectal cancer deaths (Siegel et al., 2014). The most common form of sedation for colonoscopies is moderate sedation with a benzodiazepine and an opioid (Cohen, Hightower, Wood, Miller, & Aisenberg, 2004; Lera dos Santos, et. al., 2013). However, sedation by anesthesia providers using propofol is becoming more common and may aid in reducing recovery and discharge times from the postoperative anesthesia care unit (PACU) as well as reducing overall costs. A retrospective chart review (N=176; 88 in propofol group and 88 in benzodiazepine and opioid group) was performed to determine if propofol sedation did reduce discharge times and decrease overall costs for the patient. Patients included in this study ...


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