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Perioperative, Operating Room and Surgical Nursing Commons

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Improving Preadmission Testing Nurses' Knowledge Of Aortic Stenosis And Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement, Alberta Lynn Canale 2016 University of San Francisco

Improving Preadmission Testing Nurses' Knowledge Of Aortic Stenosis And Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement, Alberta Lynn Canale

Master's Projects

Abstract

The purpose of this Clinical Nurse Leader (CNL) project was to reduce gaps in nursing knowledge through staff education. Guided by the CNL theme of educator and information manager, the goals were to increase PreAdmission Testing (PAT) nurses’ knowledge of severe/critical aortic stenosis (AS), transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedure and patient selection, and satisfaction with knowledge by 10%. Rapid growth of the TAVR program has contributed to a gap in nursing knowledge leading to inconsistent patient care and education. An educational program was developed and spread through a series of Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles. Pre- and post- implementation surveys ...


Improving Pain Reassessment And Documentation Through Nurse Education, Reina Batto 2016 The University of San Francisco

Improving Pain Reassessment And Documentation Through Nurse Education, Reina Batto

Master's Projects

The aim of the CNL Internship Project is to improve quality of patient care and pain management through improved pain reassessment and documentation. The project is to be implemented in the surgical unit of a community hospital in the California Bay Area. The unit has a maximum capacity of 38 beds and is staffed by 47 RNs and 4 LVNs. A nurse survey was conducted to assess the needs of the staff and the unit, and an education plan was created for the unit. Educational materials, including: highlighted academic articles, posters, handouts, and small posted reminders at nurse computers were ...


Parturient Safety: Proper Positioning Education Prior To Neuraxial Anesthesia, Christina Joy Young 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Parturient Safety: Proper Positioning Education Prior To Neuraxial Anesthesia, Christina Joy Young

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

In the United States, 61% of parturient patients elect neuraxial anesthesia for labor pain (Koyyalamudi et al., 2016). The incidence of postdural puncture headache is estimated up to 81% following accidental dural puncture-especially in pregnant women receiving elective epidurals (Ragab & Facharzt, 2014). Although the combined rates of complications for spinal and epidural anesthesia are low (2.78%) (American Society Anesthesiologists, 2014), patient safety is extremely important and should be addressed by the overall healthcare system. The purpose of this project assessed a willingness to change which focused on the CRNAs incorporation of proper positioning education prior to neuraxial anesthesia into ...


Reducing Hypotension In Elective Cesarean Section Patients With Administration Of Ondansetron Prior To Spinal Anesthesia: A Retrospective Chart Analysis, Linsey Erin Phipps 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Reducing Hypotension In Elective Cesarean Section Patients With Administration Of Ondansetron Prior To Spinal Anesthesia: A Retrospective Chart Analysis, Linsey Erin Phipps

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

The birth of a child is one of the most memorable moments in a woman’s life, and many women undergo an elective cesarean section, requiring spinal anesthesia. At this time, the patient and the unborn child’s well-being become the anesthetist’s main focus. The ultimate goal of anesthesia providers is to provide the safest care to the patient. Spinal anesthesia has many benefits, but has a common side effect of hypotension, which can also result in nausea. Hypotension, dangerous to mother and child, is often treated with vasopressors, but can also cause nausea, which is treated by the ...


Evaluating The Likelihood Of Use Of Bispectral Index Guided Anesthesia As A Strategy To Reduce Postoperative Delirium In Surgicalpatients 65 Years Of Age Or Older, Simon Jack Gibson 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Evaluating The Likelihood Of Use Of Bispectral Index Guided Anesthesia As A Strategy To Reduce Postoperative Delirium In Surgicalpatients 65 Years Of Age Or Older, Simon Jack Gibson

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Postoperative delirium (POD) is the most common postoperative complication in the elderly, accounting for approximately $164 billion in costs per year in the United States (Inouye, Westendorp, & Saczynski, 2014, p. 911). This complication occurs in as many as 50% of elderly patients, but can be prevented as much as 40% of the time (Inouye et al., 2014). The use of processed encephalographic monitoring, such as Bispectral Index (BIS) monitoring, to guide anesthetic dosage is the single intraoperative intervention with enough evidence to support it as a recommendation for use to reduce POD (American Geriatrics Society, 2015). There were two parts ...


Use Of A Handoff Communication Tool Between Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists, Anesthesiologists, And Post Anesthesia Care Unit Nurses, Rachel Louise Johnson 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Use Of A Handoff Communication Tool Between Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists, Anesthesiologists, And Post Anesthesia Care Unit Nurses, Rachel Louise Johnson

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Ineffective communication in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) is considered to have incidences of increased error, mortality, morbidity, which leads to decrease patient outcomes and quality of care. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to introduce a structured, standardized, and consistent handoff tool to Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNA), Anesthesiologists, and Post Anesthesia Care Unit Nurses (PACU) that may result in favorable perception of usage. Without a structured handoff tool, the organization risks the occurrence of increasing errors when the message is not transmitted effectively and efficiently every time. Distractions leave the handoff susceptible to a breakdown during the ...


Noise: Its Impact In The Operating Room, Brennon Wesley Sloan 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Noise: Its Impact In The Operating Room, Brennon Wesley Sloan

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Orthopedic and neurologic cases routinely reach noise levels exceeding 120 decibels (Katz, 2014). Modern equipment and monitors used by anesthesia personnel only reach 85 decibels (Katz, 2014). These monitors can go undetected during peak noise levels creating a serious safety concern for patients that could lead to patient injury or death (Gawande, Zinner, Studdert, & Brennan, 2003). A clinical question was developed to determine if the education of noise levels in the operating room affects change in practice. For operating room managers and staff, does education of noise levels in the operating room compared to no education initiate a change in ...


Adoption Of Perioperative Lidocaine Infusion For The Reduction Of Postoperative Pain, Brandon Scott Figueiredo 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Adoption Of Perioperative Lidocaine Infusion For The Reduction Of Postoperative Pain, Brandon Scott Figueiredo

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Laparoscopic capability provides numerous benefits to patients requiring abdominal surgical procedures. However, the use of these techniques has presented the anesthesia provider with a unique set of challenges in terms of perioperative management and postoperative pain reduction. No standardized method has existed to reduce postoperative pain and improve recovery following these procedures. There were three primary goals of this project. The first goal was to conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to determine the benefit of the use of intravenous lidocaine infusions to reduce postoperative pain in laparoscopic abdominal surgery. Twelve articles were included in the meta-analysis that pertained ...


In The Postoperative Cardiothoracic Surgical Patient Being Mechanically Ventilated, Is There A Difference In Outcomes When Comparing Sedation With Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol?, Benjamin Heinrich Riebesel 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

In The Postoperative Cardiothoracic Surgical Patient Being Mechanically Ventilated, Is There A Difference In Outcomes When Comparing Sedation With Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol?, Benjamin Heinrich Riebesel

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Patients undergoing a cardiothoracic operation typically require mechanical ventilation in the postoperative phase. Each year approximately 395,000 of these operations are performed in the United States alone. As many as 10% of these patients require reoperation within the first few hours of recovery due to complications (Barash & Cullen, 2013). This comprehensive review of the literature was performed to determine whether postoperative sedation with dexmedetomidine leads to better patient outcomes than sedation with propofol. Inclusion criteria included publications written in the English language, articles available in full text, articles written within the last 10 years, and publications with a focus ...


The Effects Of Tranexamic Acid On Mortality Rate In Trauma Patients Compared To Trauma Patients With No Tranexamic Acid Treatment, Bradley Earl Tolar 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

The Effects Of Tranexamic Acid On Mortality Rate In Trauma Patients Compared To Trauma Patients With No Tranexamic Acid Treatment, Bradley Earl Tolar

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Traumatic injury is the leading cause of death for many age groups. Traumatic accidents caused over 130,000 deaths in the United States in 2014. This DNP project studied the effects of Tranexamic acid on mortality rate in trauma patients. After the completion of a needs assessment at a local level II trauma center, a literature review was performed. The literature showed a decrease in mortality rate when patients were administered Tranexamic acid within 3 hours of injury with statistically significant statistics. Also, the data from the literature showed no correlation between vascular occlusive events and Tranexamic acid use in ...


Optimizing Anesthesia Providers’ Timing Of Administration Of Dexamethasone For The Prevention Of Post-Operative Nausea And Vomiting: Translating Clinical Guidelines Into Practice, Tanner Young Mixon 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Optimizing Anesthesia Providers’ Timing Of Administration Of Dexamethasone For The Prevention Of Post-Operative Nausea And Vomiting: Translating Clinical Guidelines Into Practice, Tanner Young Mixon

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Research has shown that post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a significant contributing factor to extended recovery times and unwanted hospital admissions following ambulatory surgery. The purpose of this DNP project was to assess current practice regarding administration of dexamethasone for the prevention of PONV, provide information based on best practice guidelines, and assess willingness to change practice based on the guidelines set forth by the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia (SAMBA). Administration of dexamethasone is aimed at decreasing the incidence of PONV, optimizing PACU times, and increasing patient satisfaction regarding perioperative care.

An electronic presentation and survey were emailed to ...


Fentanyl Administration On Emergence From Surgery And Post Anesthesia Care Unit Discharge Times And Pain Scores, Andrew Ernst Wetzel 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Fentanyl Administration On Emergence From Surgery And Post Anesthesia Care Unit Discharge Times And Pain Scores, Andrew Ernst Wetzel

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Problem: Pain has been historically mismanaged potentially leading to a host of negative physiological consequences. Today’s dynamic health care reform offers an opportunity to increase satisfaction with care. Utilizing the PICO question, in adults undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy over a 12 month period, does medication with fentanyl during emergence versus not medicating during emergence reduce the need for pain medications and discharge times? Evidence/Background: Two national studies surveyed patient perception of pain management following surgery. The first, conducted by Apfelbaum et.al (2003) showed that 80% of patients experienced acute pain after surgery with 86% rating that pain as ...


Opioid Use In The Cesarean Section Patient With The Preoperative Administration Of Intravenous Acetaminophen, Dana Edwards Bernardo 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Opioid Use In The Cesarean Section Patient With The Preoperative Administration Of Intravenous Acetaminophen, Dana Edwards Bernardo

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Cesarean sections are one of the most common surgical procedures and there are no current guidelines for the management of postoperative pain control (Darvish, Ardestani, Shali, & Tajik, 2013). Unresolved pain in this population can lead to long lasting problems, such as chronic pain and depression (Booth, Harris, Eisenach, & Pan, 2015). The goal of multimodal therapy with IV acetaminophen for CS mothers was to ensure a rapid and safe recovery process with reduced adverse complications and shortened hospital length of stay. The independent t-test was used to compare the mean time for length of stay, first request of pain medication, and ...


Effects Of Electronic Health Record Use On The Ambulatory Surgical Services Nurse's Time, Heather D. Taylor 2016 Kennesaw State University

Effects Of Electronic Health Record Use On The Ambulatory Surgical Services Nurse's Time, Heather D. Taylor

MSN in Leadership in Nursing Final Projects

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the length of time the ambulatory surgical services nurse spends on the EHR compared to performing hands-on patient care.

Design: The research design used in this study was a non-experimental descriptive design.

Methods: Twenty-two surgical services nurses at a small not-for-profit hospital located in the southeastern United States were invited to participate in the study. Out of the 16 ambulatory surgical services nurses that completed the study, one participant was omitted due to incompleteness resulting in a total of 15 time-studies that were used for the data analysis, resulting in ...


Standardized Blood Transfusion Documentation, Kelly A. Hill 2016 University of San Francisco

Standardized Blood Transfusion Documentation, Kelly A. Hill

Master's Projects

The aim of this project was to improve nurse satisfaction through the use of a standardized blood administration documentation template. The goal was to reduce the time that nurses spend charting by offering a structured documentation template and to ensure that the procedure is correctly recorded in the patient’s electronic record. The leadership theme that supported this project is Information Manager, as the clinical nurse leader (CNL) uses information systems and technology at the point of care to improve health care outcomes. The selected microsystem is a medical/surgical/telemetry unit, which has 38 beds with 38 registered nurses ...


Improving Compliance In The Use Of Catheter Kit Supplied Hand Sanitizer Prior To The Insertion Of An Indwelling Urinary Catheter, Antonette B. Prado 2016 University of San Francisco

Improving Compliance In The Use Of Catheter Kit Supplied Hand Sanitizer Prior To The Insertion Of An Indwelling Urinary Catheter, Antonette B. Prado

Master's Projects

Abstract

More than half of the staff nurses (65% through direct observation and 60% through interview) in the operating room (OR) department do not perform hand hygiene prior to insertion of an indwelling urinary catheter. This performance improvement project aims to educate all OR staff nurses on the practice of hand hygiene prior to the insertion of an indwelling urinary catheter by using the hand sanitizer included in the sterile catheter insertion kit. Two forms of interventions were provided in order to promote this process change. The first one being an education session with a power point presentation and the ...


Effects Of Pediatric Emergence Delirium Education On Analgesic Administration By Pacu Nurses, Melinda C. Nwanganga 2016 Valparaiso University

Effects Of Pediatric Emergence Delirium Education On Analgesic Administration By Pacu Nurses, Melinda C. Nwanganga

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Emergence delirium (ED) is a behavioral disturbance as a result of general anesthesia that commonly occurs in pediatric patients. Adverse effects of ED lead to a complicated recovery from anesthesia due to the risk of self-inflicted injury of patients, the disturbance of surgical incisions, the development of postoperative maladaptive behaviors, and the increased use of sedatives and analgesics resulting in prolonged recovery time and delayed discharge from the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Due to the multiple ramifications of ED, appropriate care is needed to promote a safe recovery from anesthesia and an optimum perioperative experience for these patients. As PACU ...


The Development Of Standardized Patient Controlled Analgesia Documentation To Improve Patient Care, Collyn West 2016 University of San Francisco

The Development Of Standardized Patient Controlled Analgesia Documentation To Improve Patient Care, Collyn West

Master's Projects

On a 28 bed post-surgical unit, reviewing patient records revealed only 26% had thorough patient controlled analgesia (PCA) documentation. A pre-quiz no staff knew all of the required components for documentation or which policies to reference and, on average, the staff were only able to correctly answer 30% of the questions. Therefore, a project utilizing the clinical nurse leader improvement theme of clinical outcomes management was initiated to standardize the documentation of PCA medication administration to improve post-operative pain management, improve patient satisfaction, and improve patient safety.

The current process was determined using a fishbone diagram, a SWOT analysis was ...


Improving Patients' Pain Management Through Proper Documentation, Virzen Merina 2016 The University of San Francisco

Improving Patients' Pain Management Through Proper Documentation, Virzen Merina

Master's Projects

The aim of this project was to improve pain documentation on the Surgical Unit as a means to enhance caregiver communication on finding the best methods to manage patients’ pain. Effectively managing patients’ pain leads to better patient outcomes, increased patient and nurse satisfaction, and decreased length of hospitalization. The setting is a not-for-profit hospital in Southern California. The microsystem selected is the 32-bed capacity Surgical Unit that mainly admits pre- and post-surgical patients, but also accommodates non-surgical, telemetry, and trauma cases.

To improve pain assessment documentation, collaboration was sought with the multidisciplinary team (IT department, clinical nurse specialists, and ...


Breast Cancer Specimen Collection, Handling & Adherence To Asco/Cap Guidelines, Vicki F. Rocconi 2016 The University of San Francisco

Breast Cancer Specimen Collection, Handling & Adherence To Asco/Cap Guidelines, Vicki F. Rocconi

Master's Projects

Breast Cancer Specimen Collection, Handling & Adherence to ASCO/CAP Guidelines

Background

Specimens removed from their blood supply begin to degrade immediately. Specimens are placed in formalin to halt the process of degradation. Under or over-exposure of specimens to formalin can result in false positive or false negative test results for estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors & Her-2/neu receptors.

Goals & Objectives

Improve the process of breast cancer specimen collection & handling and insure that the process is consistent with ASCO/CAP Guidelines (College of American Pathologists, 2013). The objectives included: Documentation of the time the specimen was removed from the blood supply. Documentation ...


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