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Effects And Outcomes Of Different Laboring Positions And The Influence From Societal Norms, Amberlyn Heskett 2022 Dominican University of California

Effects And Outcomes Of Different Laboring Positions And The Influence From Societal Norms, Amberlyn Heskett

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background

Within labor and delivery, every birth is different. Alarmingly, the U.S. has the highest maternal mortality rate, including death during labor, among developed countries (World Health Organization, 2022). Many maternal deaths may be preventable.

In the U.S., the use of forceps, vacuum-assisted birth, episiotomies, and emergency C-sections are common for women during childbirth. Even though some laboring positions may assist birthing more than others, there often is resistance to allowing various positions due to outside influences, including societal norms, hospital management, and healthcare professional training. Women in labor are vulnerable and look to their nurses for support during the …


Impact Of The Maternity Care Changes Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Pregnant Women And Their Birth Partners: An Integrative Literature Review, Rebekah Kemp 2022 Kennesaw State University

Impact Of The Maternity Care Changes Of The Covid-19 Pandemic On Pregnant Women And Their Birth Partners: An Integrative Literature Review, Rebekah Kemp

MSN in Leadership in Nursing Final Projects

Introduction: In March 2020, the novel coronavirus originating out of Wuhan in China and spreading rapidly worldwide, became known as the COVID-19 pandemic. Patients with pre-existing conditions, such as the elderly and pregnant women, are among those most vulnerable to severe infection due to COVID-19. Increased pulmonary expansion in the respiratory tract make pregnant women more susceptible to viral respiratory infections and exacerbation of illnesses like COVID-19. Another major concern correlated with the pandemic and pregnancy is its effect on pregnant women’s mental health. Unique physiological and psychological changes place pregnant women at an increased risk for experiencing mental health …


Capacity Building Among Nursing And Midwifery Professional Associations In East Africa, Stephen Ruhmel, Eunice Ndirangu, Joseph Mwizerwa, Ahmed Sarki, Eunice Pallangyo 2022 Johnson & Johnson, USA

Capacity Building Among Nursing And Midwifery Professional Associations In East Africa, Stephen Ruhmel, Eunice Ndirangu, Joseph Mwizerwa, Ahmed Sarki, Eunice Pallangyo

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background: Despite improvements in educational opportunities, policy changes, and pay raises in the nursing and midwifery professions in East Africa, poor working conditions, few professional development opportunities, and a general lack of respect for these professions predominate. These issues contribute to a low quality of care among a population with a high burden of communicable diseases. Health professional associations may help to address these challenges by providing a voice for nurses and midwives.

Objective: This study evaluated the impact of a 5-year programme focused on strengthening nurses’ and midwives’ professional associations in East Africa. Methods: This study used …


Adherence To Screening And Management Guidelines Of Maternal Group B Streptococcus Colonization In Pregnancy, Sabine Pangerl, Deborah Sundin, Sadie Geraghty 2022 Edith Cowan University

Adherence To Screening And Management Guidelines Of Maternal Group B Streptococcus Colonization In Pregnancy, Sabine Pangerl, Deborah Sundin, Sadie Geraghty

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Aims: To investigate Group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization in pregnancy; adherence to antenatal GBS screening and adherence to the intrapartum antibiotics protocol within two models of care (midwifery and non-midwifery led). Design: This retrospective quantitative study has employed a descriptive design using administrative health data. Methods: Data from five maternity hospitals in metropolitan and regional Western Australia that included 22,417 pregnant women who gave birth between 2015 and 2019 were examined, applying descriptive statistics using secondary data analysis. Results: The study revealed an overall GBS colonization rate of 21.7% with similar rates in the different cohorts. A lower adherence to …


Sub-Saharan African Women’S Views And Experiences Of Risk Factors For Obstetric Fistula: A Qualitative Systematic Review, Lydia Babatunde Bulndi, Deborah Ireson, Esther Adama, Sara Bayes 2022 Edith Cowan University

Sub-Saharan African Women’S Views And Experiences Of Risk Factors For Obstetric Fistula: A Qualitative Systematic Review, Lydia Babatunde Bulndi, Deborah Ireson, Esther Adama, Sara Bayes

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background: Obstetric fistula used as synonymous with VVF in this study, is an abnormal communication/hole between the urinary tract and the genital tract or the gastrointestinal tract and the genital tract, resulting from prolonged obstructed labour. VVF may cause sufferers to experience chronic urinary/faecal incontinence, and the stigma of continuing foul odour. VVF is primarily caused by prolonged obstructed labour, which is brought about by a range of causes. Recently, it has been proposed that women’s groups and fistula survivors should suggest interventions to reduce or prevent the incidence of obstetric fistula. Objective: The objective of this review was to …


Challenges Experienced By Newly Qualified Nurse-Midwives Transitioning To Practice In Selected Midwifery Settings In Northern Malawi, Mathews Brave Mtegha, Elizabeth Chodzaza, Ellen Chirwa, Fatch Welcome Kalembo, Maggie Zgambo 2022 Edith Cowan University

Challenges Experienced By Newly Qualified Nurse-Midwives Transitioning To Practice In Selected Midwifery Settings In Northern Malawi, Mathews Brave Mtegha, Elizabeth Chodzaza, Ellen Chirwa, Fatch Welcome Kalembo, Maggie Zgambo

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background: Literature shows that newly qualified nurse-midwives face challenges integrating into the workforce during their transition period from education to practice. However, little is known about the needs and challenges of Malawian nurse-midwives during their transition from education to practice. The aim of the study was to explore the transition experiences of newly qualified nurse-midwives working in selected midwifery units in Northern Malawi. Methodology: A qualitative descriptive approach was used. Data were collected through in-depth interviews using semi-structured interview guides from a purposive sample of 19 participants (13 newly qualified nurse-midwives and 6 key informants). The researchers developed two interview …


No One Should Have To Give Birth Alone: An Analysis Of The Efficacy Of Community-Based Doula Programs Serving Ethnic Minorities In San Francisco, Maria Margaret Nelson 2022 University of San Francisco

No One Should Have To Give Birth Alone: An Analysis Of The Efficacy Of Community-Based Doula Programs Serving Ethnic Minorities In San Francisco, Maria Margaret Nelson

Master's Projects and Capstones

Adverse birth outcomes for both the parent and the child disproportionately affect people of color. Evidence demonstrates that one of the ways to mitigate these negative consequences is through the utilization of a doula, a trained birth companion that is not a medical provider but whose role it is to physically and emotionally support the patient through pregnancy, birth, and postpartum. Community-based doula programs, where the doula is of the same cultural background as the client, are particularly effective in improving birth outcomes in communities of color by providing culturally competent care and helping to navigate a healthcare system that …


Quantification Of Obstetric Hemorrhage, Alma Garcia 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Quantification Of Obstetric Hemorrhage, Alma Garcia

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: The practice problem identified involved the inconsistent measurement of blood loss during the postpartum period due to the standard practice of estimating blood loss. Estimates are subjective measures that can have variable results based on interpretation and thus provide minimal meaningful data.

PICOT: The question that guided this project was structured in the following PICOT format. In postpartum women (P), how does the implementation of quantitative blood loss measurements (I), compared to estimated blood loss measurement (C), affect the early identification of severe hemorrhage (O), during the recovery period (T)?

Evidence: Obstetric hemorrhage is a preventable event that …


Factors Influencing Utilisation Of Services Provided By Community Midwives And Their Non-Retention In District Thatta, Pakistan: A Qualitative Study Protocol, Bakhtawar M Hanif Khowaja, Anam Shahil Feroz, Sarah Saleem 2022 Aga Khan University

Factors Influencing Utilisation Of Services Provided By Community Midwives And Their Non-Retention In District Thatta, Pakistan: A Qualitative Study Protocol, Bakhtawar M Hanif Khowaja, Anam Shahil Feroz, Sarah Saleem

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Introduction: Drawing on the well-acknowledged evidence of community midwives services to address the issue of high maternal mortality, the Government of Pakistan initiated the Community Midwifery (CMW) programme in 2006 to provide skilled birth attendance to pregnant women living in rural areas. Despite a large investment in CMW programme, the availability of community midwives in rural areas following their training is a constant struggle. The concerns related to the training, support and acceptability of community midwives need to be studied in order to identify gaps in the provision of skilled maternal and newborn healthcare. Therefore, this study aims to explore …


Implicit Bias Training For Perinatal Nursing, Racheal Lakine-Harden 2022 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Implicit Bias Training For Perinatal Nursing, Racheal Lakine-Harden

Dissertations

Problem: Maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality is a rising health care crisis in the United States. Black women are disproportionately affected. Clinician implicit bias and medical racism have been named as factors in this crisis. Recommendations to address this public health peril include; educating and raising awareness among front-line perinatal nursing staff on implicit bias and its consequences for Black women. The purpose of this project is to evaluate the impact of implicit bias training on nurses’ awareness of implicit bias, attitudes, and beliefs about disparities, and the likelihood to engage in behaviors to reduce or address racial bias …


Implementation Of Quantitative Blood Loss Tool To Detect Postpartum Hemorrhage After Vaginal Delivery, Rachael Williams 2022 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Implementation Of Quantitative Blood Loss Tool To Detect Postpartum Hemorrhage After Vaginal Delivery, Rachael Williams

Dissertations

Problem Maternal deaths and comorbidities related to postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) continue to be high despite being quite preventable. The delay in recognition and treatment of PPH due to the use of imprecise estimated blood loss (EBL) instead of precise measurement using quantitative blood loss (QBL) attributes to this issue.

Methods For this quality improvement (QI) project, a descriptive, observational design was used to gather quantitative data regarding QBL implementation instead of EBL as well as the number of PPH’s identified. A pilot cohort of staff nurses participated by documenting QBL two hours after each delivery. The nurses were given an …


Prenatal Education For Black Mothers And Their Support Persons As An Intervention For Improving Initiation Of Breastfeeding, Sandra King 2022 Jacksonville State University

Prenatal Education For Black Mothers And Their Support Persons As An Intervention For Improving Initiation Of Breastfeeding, Sandra King

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: The benefits of breastfeeding are commonly known; however, the rates of exclusive breastfeeding among the Black community are less than those of other ethnic groups. Providing breastmilk or formula to an infant is an individual decision. Influential factors such as cultural background, employment status, socioeconomic status, level of education, and availability of support from family members and health care providers correlate with the method a mother chooses to feed her infant. Increasing breastfeeding initiation immediately after birth is a necessary precedent for uptake in the exclusivity of breastfeeding.

Purpose: This Doctor of Nursing Practice project aims to improve prenatal …


Knowledge, Attitudes, And Preparedness For Managing Pregnant And Postpartum Women With Covid-19 Among Nurse-Midwives In Kenya, Rose Maina, Rachel Kimani, James Orwa, Bernard Mutwiri, Carolyne K. Nyariki, Sheila Shaibu, Valerie Fleming 2022 Aga Khan University

Knowledge, Attitudes, And Preparedness For Managing Pregnant And Postpartum Women With Covid-19 Among Nurse-Midwives In Kenya, Rose Maina, Rachel Kimani, James Orwa, Bernard Mutwiri, Carolyne K. Nyariki, Sheila Shaibu, Valerie Fleming

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Introduction: Globally, maternal morbidity and mortality have increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. Given the high burden of maternal and neonatal mortality in Kenya prior to COVID-19, front line health workers, including nurse-midwives, must be competent to ensure continued quality maternal services. Knowledge and awareness of COVID-19 transmission influence nurse-midwives risk perception and ability to implement prevention strategies.

Objective: We examined nurse-midwives’ knowledge, attitudes, and preparedness in managing pregnant and postpartum women with COVID-19 in Kenya.

Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted among 118 nurse-midwives between July 2020 and November 2020. A 31-item survey comprising 15 knowledge, …


Jam – Summer 2022: One Crisis After Another…., Rafat Jan, Edwin van Teijlingen, Kiran Mubeen 2022 Aga Khan University

Jam – Summer 2022: One Crisis After Another…., Rafat Jan, Edwin Van Teijlingen, Kiran Mubeen

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

No abstract provided.


Swot Analysis Of Community Midwifery Program In Pakistan, Bakhtawar Muhammad Hanif Khowaja, Anam Feroz, Farina Abrejo, Sarah Saleem 2022 Aga Khan University

Swot Analysis Of Community Midwifery Program In Pakistan, Bakhtawar Muhammad Hanif Khowaja, Anam Feroz, Farina Abrejo, Sarah Saleem

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

The community midwifery program was launched in 2006 by the Government of Pakistan as a major initiative to provide skill birth attendance to women living in rural areas of Pakistan. The main purpose of the program is to extend maternal and newborn services to the communities, through the selection and training of community midwives (CMWs) from rural areas, and to deliver services to their local communities. However, there is a substantial difference between the number of CMWs trained and those working at their birthing stations. Therefore, this paper uses a SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) analysis to evaluate the different …


The Psychological Toll Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Private Practice Midwives In Indonesia And Its Relation With Perceived Knowledge And Individual Adaptability, Amelia Citra Kirana, Gracia Ivonika, Dewa Ayu Mirah Ardrini, Maria Stephani Dwitya, Ratih Ibrahim, Ray Wagiu Basrowi 2022 Personal Growth, Jakarta, Indonesia

The Psychological Toll Of Covid-19 Pandemic On Private Practice Midwives In Indonesia And Its Relation With Perceived Knowledge And Individual Adaptability, Amelia Citra Kirana, Gracia Ivonika, Dewa Ayu Mirah Ardrini, Maria Stephani Dwitya, Ratih Ibrahim, Ray Wagiu Basrowi

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

COVID-19 had serious impacts on the lives and health of people across the globe. Due to the high-risk nature of their work midwives frequently report personal/professional adverse psychological impacts. However, there is a lack of studies examining the psychological impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on private practice midwives in Indonesia and beyond. This study examines the psychological impacts of the pandemic on private practice midwives in Indonesia, as well as its association with individual adaptability and perceived knowledge about COVID-19. A total of 423 private practice midwives, who were active practitioners during the pandemic, completed an online survey, comprising five …


Midwives’ Associations’ Dual Role In Supporting Members And Driving The Profession Forward: A Qualitative Interview Study From Bangladesh, Mosammat Ratna Mon, Most Nargis Parvin, Joy Kemp, Sharmin Shobnum Joya, Christina Pedersen, Ulrika Byrskog, Kerstin Erlandsson 2022 Royal College of Midwives, London, UK

Midwives’ Associations’ Dual Role In Supporting Members And Driving The Profession Forward: A Qualitative Interview Study From Bangladesh, Mosammat Ratna Mon, Most Nargis Parvin, Joy Kemp, Sharmin Shobnum Joya, Christina Pedersen, Ulrika Byrskog, Kerstin Erlandsson

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Background: Professional midwives are being introduced as a long-term solution to improve maternal and newborn health in Bangladesh and to contribute to Universal Health Coverage. Professional midwives’ associations are a core element of a strong midwifery profession according to the International Confederation of Midwives (ICM). The Bangladesh Midwifery Society (BMS) was formed in 2010 to advocate for the introduction of professional midwifery in Bangladesh. Since 2017 BMS has benefitted from an international twinning partnership with the Royal College of Midwives (RCM) UK and has undergone significant organizational development.

Objective: The study aimed to describe the experiences, knowledge and attitudes of …


Hidden Relationships: Perspectives On Leadership And Management In Afghan Maternity Services - An Ethnographic Exploration, Rachel Arnold, Edwin van Teijlingen, Kath Ryan, Immy Holloway 2022 Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK

Hidden Relationships: Perspectives On Leadership And Management In Afghan Maternity Services - An Ethnographic Exploration, Rachel Arnold, Edwin Van Teijlingen, Kath Ryan, Immy Holloway

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

Introduction: Health system leaders have a vital role to play in ensuring the delivery of high-quality care. Improving the quality of healthcare, particularly in low-income countries often focuses on the performance of healthcare providers and the availability, acceptability, and uptake of services. The role that health service leaders play in facilitating effective care has received less attention in the literature. This study explored the perspectives of Afghan maternity care providers, managers and other stakeholders on leadership and the provision of quality maternity care.

Methods: This ethnographic study used semi-structured interviews, participant observation, and background interviews for data collection. …


Midwife-Led Community Transformation (Milcot) Nursing Now Challenge In Uganda, Harriet Nayika, Cliff Aliga, Lisa Bayliss-Pratt, Robert Kagwire, Grace Edwards 2022 Midwife-led Community Transformation (MILCOT)

Midwife-Led Community Transformation (Milcot) Nursing Now Challenge In Uganda, Harriet Nayika, Cliff Aliga, Lisa Bayliss-Pratt, Robert Kagwire, Grace Edwards

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Summary

This paper describes the journey of a young African midwife utilising the Nursing Now Nightingale Challenge framework to undertake a gap analysis and a mapping exercise to provide high-quality continuous professional development education for midwives working in isolation in a deprived suburb in Uganda. The project was completed in three stages:

  • Stage one mapped out the services available within Nansana, Uganda
  • Stage two identified the gaps in education for midwives and nurses within the area
  • Stage three developed and offered educational study days for nurses, midwives and adolescents based on the gap analysis.


Utilizing Training And Educational Materials To Increase Hand Hygiene Compliance Of Healthcare Providers Participating In Cesarean Sections, Christopher Natividad 2022 University of San Francisco

Utilizing Training And Educational Materials To Increase Hand Hygiene Compliance Of Healthcare Providers Participating In Cesarean Sections, Christopher Natividad

Master's Projects and Capstones

Surgical site infections (SSIs) are one of the most common complications of Cesarean section (C-section) procedures. The incidence of SSIs after C-section procedures at Hospital X has increased in each of the past three years. The Labor and Delivery (L&D) unit at Hospital X performs approximately 4,500 C-sections each year. Observation of these procedures illustrated a lack of adhesion to hand hygiene policies and protocols. This quality improvement project involved informing staff members of the poor hand hygiene compliance rates, and re-educating them regarding proper hand hygiene behavior using flyers, emails, and addressing them at shift change. Data collection focused …


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