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The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Type 1 Diabetics have various ways of managing their diabetes that have been studied for their effectiveness. Pregnancy in the Type 1 Diabetic has been understudied. It is known that Diabetics in general have poorer pregnancy outcomes because of poor glycemic control. This coupled with the fact that the body needs 3-4 times more insulin as pregnancy comes to an end makes managing blood glucose levels challenging for diabetics (Lowdermilk, 2016, p. 689). For the Type 1 Diabetic, there are two main ways to control diabetes: multiple daily injections using at least two type of insulin and continuous subcutaneous insulin ...


The Feasibility Of An Internet-Based Intervention For Chinese People With Mental Illness: A Survey Of Willingness And Attitude, Xiu-Y Yao, Zheng Li, David Arthur, Lili Hu, Gen Cheng 2017 Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China

The Feasibility Of An Internet-Based Intervention For Chinese People With Mental Illness: A Survey Of Willingness And Attitude, Xiu-Y Yao, Zheng Li, David Arthur, Lili Hu, Gen Cheng

David Arthur

Background: The easy accessibility, increasing usage, and low cost of internet make it a desirable way of providing health information and delivering interventions for health consumers. Studies in other countries have verified and confirmed the effectiveness of internet-based interventions among people with mental health problems. Similar programs have yet to commence in China. Purpose: This study investigated the willingness for, and attitude toward internet-based intervention in Chinese mental health service users and explored the feasibility of such an intervention. Methods: A cross-sectional survey utilizing a self-developed questionnaire was administered to 186 mental health service users in Beijing, between April and ...


Self-Management Education Interventions For Persons With Schizophrenia: A Meta-Analysis, Haiou Zou, Zheng Li, Marie T Nolan, David Arthur, Hongxing Wang, Lili Hu 2017 Peking Union Medical College, School of Nursing

Self-Management Education Interventions For Persons With Schizophrenia: A Meta-Analysis, Haiou Zou, Zheng Li, Marie T Nolan, David Arthur, Hongxing Wang, Lili Hu

David Arthur

Although self-management education programs for persons with schizophrenia are being developed and advocated, uncertainty about their overall effectiveness remains. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine outcomes of self-management education interventions in persons with schizophrenia. Six electronic databases were searched. Manual searches were conducted of the reference lists of the identified studies and major psychiatric journals. Randomized controlled trials of self-management education interventions aimed at reducing relapse and hospital readmissions, as well as improving symptoms, psychosocial functioning, and adherence to medication treatment were identified. Data were extracted and the quality of included studies were rated by two authors independently ...


Nurses Attitudes Towards Perinatal Bereavement Care, Chan Moon Fai, David Arthur 2017 National University of Singapore, Singapore

Nurses Attitudes Towards Perinatal Bereavement Care, Chan Moon Fai, David Arthur

David Arthur

Aim: This paper is a report of a study conducted to explore the factors associated with nurses and midwives’ attitudes towards perinatal bereavement care.Background: Caring for and supporting parents whose infant has died is extremely demanding, difficult and stressful. In some situations nurses may experience personal failure, feel helpless, and need to distance themselves from bereaved parents because they feel unable to deal with the enormity of the parental feelings of loss.Method: A correlational questionnaire study using convenience sampling was carried out in Singapore in 2007 with 185 nurses/midwives in one obstetrics and gynaecology unit.Results: Regression ...


Investigating Factors Associate To Nurses’ Attitudes Towards Perinatal Bereavement Care, Moon Fai Chan, Feng-lan Lou, David Arthur, Feng-lin Cao, Lai Har Wu, Ping Li, Miharu Sagara- Rosemeyer, Loretta Yuet Foon Chung, Li Lui 2017 Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong SAR, China

Investigating Factors Associate To Nurses’ Attitudes Towards Perinatal Bereavement Care, Moon Fai Chan, Feng-Lan Lou, David Arthur, Feng-Lin Cao, Lai Har Wu, Ping Li, Miharu Sagara- Rosemeyer, Loretta Yuet Foon Chung, Li Lui

David Arthur

Aim: The purpose of this study was to explore nurses’ attitudes towards perinatal bereavement care and to identify factors associate with such attitudes. Background: Caring for and supporting parents whose infant has died is extremely demanding, difficult and stressful. It is likely that the attitude of nursing staff can influence recovery from a pregnancy loss and nurses with positive attitude to bereavement care can help bereaved parents to cope during their grieving period.
Method: Data were collected through a structured questionnaire; 334 nurses were recruited (63% response rate) from the Obstetrics and Gynaecology unit in five hospitals in Hong Kong ...


A National Survey Of New Zealand Registered Nurses Caring Attributes, Professional Self Concept And Technological Influences, A O'Brien, David Arthur, M Woods, P Watson 2017 Aga Khan University

A National Survey Of New Zealand Registered Nurses Caring Attributes, Professional Self Concept And Technological Influences, A O'Brien, David Arthur, M Woods, P Watson

David Arthur

No abstract provided.


Nurse Teachers’ Conceptions And Practices Of Written Feedback In Karachi., Sobia Idrees, Raisa B. Gul, Ambreen tharani, Syeda Kauser Ali 2017 Aga Khan University

Nurse Teachers’ Conceptions And Practices Of Written Feedback In Karachi., Sobia Idrees, Raisa B. Gul, Ambreen Tharani, Syeda Kauser Ali

Ambreen Tharani

Background:

Written Feedback (WFB) plays a significant role in student’s learning in terms of improvement of their academic writing skills. However, the quality of WFB may be affected by various personal and contextual factors. This study aimed to identify nurse teachers’ conceptions and practices of WFB on written assignments in nursing degree offering institutions in Karachi, Pakistan.

Methods:

A cross-sectional descriptive study design was used to answer the study questions. The study was conducted at 11 nursing schools in Karachi by recruiting those teachers who were teaching in nursing degree programs. The sample size of the study consists of ...


Child Labour: A Public Health Issue, S. A. Gulzar, Samina Vertejee, Laila Pirani 2017 Aga Khan University

Child Labour: A Public Health Issue, S. A. Gulzar, Samina Vertejee, Laila Pirani

Samina Vertejee

Child labour is a global practice and has many negative outcomes. According to International Labour Organization, child labour is the important source of child exploitation and child abuse in the world today. The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan has estimated the number of Pakistani working children to be around 11-12 millions, out of which, at least, half the children are under the age of ten years. It portrays the society's attitude towards child care. It is therefore, essential to break this vicious cycle and hence, enable the society to produce healthy citizens. This article analyzes the determinants of child ...


Interaction And Cognitive Engagement In Online Discussions In Professional Development Leadership And Management Course At A Private Nursing Institution, Nimira Asif, Samina Vertejee, Sharifa Bashir Lalani 2017 Aga Khan University

Interaction And Cognitive Engagement In Online Discussions In Professional Development Leadership And Management Course At A Private Nursing Institution, Nimira Asif, Samina Vertejee, Sharifa Bashir Lalani

Samina Vertejee

In the Post RN BScN curriculum, one of the courses “Professional Development and Leadership (PDLM)” was offered as blended mode for the first time. In order to explore the students’ interactions and Cognitive Engagement (CE) in Online Discussion Forums (ODFs), the research team conducted a retrospective study for the first time at a private nursing institution of Karachi-Pakistan. The study was conducted by utilizing the retrospective qualitative paradigm of discourse analysis to understand student’s CE in ODFs. The study has addressed the following one main and three subsidiary research questions: How do threaded discussions (in the part of online ...


Women Trafficking: Causes, Concerns, Care!, Shaneela Sadaruddin Khowaja, Ambreen Tharani, Ajmal Agha, Rozina Karmaliani Professor 2017 Aga Khan University

Women Trafficking: Causes, Concerns, Care!, Shaneela Sadaruddin Khowaja, Ambreen Tharani, Ajmal Agha, Rozina Karmaliani Professor

Ambreen Tharani

Pakistan is both a country of origin and destination as far as women trafficking is concerned. Poverty, gender discrimination, lack of education, and ignorance about legal rights are some of the underlying causes. Available data suggest several areas of concern, like, for instance: direct health effects, maladaptive coping leading to the use of illicit drugs, and inaccessibility to healthcare facilities. Therefore, numerous interventions would be required at three levels: the prevention of trafficking, the protection of victims and the prosecution of the traffickers.


Teachers’ Perceptions And Practices Of Written Feedback In Higher Education., Raisa Begum Gul, Ambreen Tharani, Arusa Lakhani, Nusrat Fatima Rizvi, Syeda K. Ali 2017 Aga Khan University

Teachers’ Perceptions And Practices Of Written Feedback In Higher Education., Raisa Begum Gul, Ambreen Tharani, Arusa Lakhani, Nusrat Fatima Rizvi, Syeda K. Ali

Ambreen Tharani

This mixed-methods research aimed to understand the practices and perceptions of teachers regarding writtenfeedback. For this purpose, a survey was administered to 150 teachers forming a non-probability sample, who wereworking in various universities in Karachi. The disciplines chosen for the study included nursing, applied linguistics,medicine and education departments in institutes of higher education situated in Karachi. Before sampling, initialscreening was done to obtain a list of institutes which provide written feedback on students’ assignments. Twohomogenous groups of teachers by discipline (nursing and education) were then selected for focus group discussions.It was found that most teachers consider written feedback ...


Factors Associated With Stress Among Adolescents In The City Of Nawabshah, Pakistan., Yasmin Parpio, Salima Farooq, Saleema Gulzar, Ambreen Tharani, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Fawad Javed 2017 Aga Khan University

Factors Associated With Stress Among Adolescents In The City Of Nawabshah, Pakistan., Yasmin Parpio, Salima Farooq, Saleema Gulzar, Ambreen Tharani, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Fawad Javed

Ambreen Tharani

OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors of stress among school-going adolescents in rural Nawabshah, Pakistan. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted in 2005, comprising 800 school-going children of 10-16 years of age in Nawabshah, through simple random sampling. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire to assess the potential risk factors of stress. A modified version of Perceived stress scale was utilized to measure stress level. SPSS 12 was used for statistical analysis, while multiple linear regression analysis was run to identify the factors associated with stress in the study population. RESULTS: Of the total, 529 (66%) children belonged to ...


Community Mental Health Services: A Way Forward To Rehabilitate Chronic Mentally Ill Client., Ambreen Tharani, Salima Farooq, Anila Naveed 2017 Aga Khan University

Community Mental Health Services: A Way Forward To Rehabilitate Chronic Mentally Ill Client., Ambreen Tharani, Salima Farooq, Anila Naveed

Ambreen Tharani

Schizophrenia and other mental illnesses produce devastating effects on a clients' personal and psychosocial wellbeing. Besides the sufferer, it has irrevocable impacts on the lives of their loved ones. With advancement in the treatment modalities, researches have proven that hospital based care and psychotropic drugs are not the sole solution in managing the client symptoms. Deinstitutionalization is the paradigm shift from hospital based to community based care model that allows client/s to spend rest of their lives in the community setting. A well-structured community care based programme that focuses on psychosocial interventions has significant contribution in treatment and rehabilitation ...


Compliance To Antipsychotic Medication: A Challenge For Client, Family And Health Care Providers., Ambreen Tharani, Salima Farooq, Faiza Saleem, Anila Naveed 2017 Aga Khan University

Compliance To Antipsychotic Medication: A Challenge For Client, Family And Health Care Providers., Ambreen Tharani, Salima Farooq, Faiza Saleem, Anila Naveed

Ambreen Tharani

Compliance with anti-psychotic medications plays a significant role in managing clients with schizophrenia. It not only helps in controlling the symptoms, but also decreases the risk of relapses and ultimately improves quality of life (QoL) for the clients. However, compliance with anti-psychotic medication remains a challenge for the client, family and healthcare providers. Identification of these associated factors is vital to make appropriate plan to enhance medication compliance. In this paper, various factors are highlighted that are associated with medication compliance in clients with schizophrenia.


Postpartum Depression And Childbirth Education: An Integrative Literature Review, Marialicia J. Kunkel 2017 DePaul University

Postpartum Depression And Childbirth Education: An Integrative Literature Review, Marialicia J. Kunkel

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Postpartum Depression (PPD) is a mood disorder that affects approximately 15% of women. Preventative methods are key to reducing the prevalence of PPD, and childbirth educators are in a unique position to disseminate information to new parents.

Objective: The purpose of this literature to review was to investigate what PPD information is currently being incorporated in Childbirth education curriculum. The goal of this literature review was to establish whether new parents were being educated on PPD prior to giving birth and if that helped raise levels of awareness.

Methods: Articles were found using Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied ...


Attitude Towards Gender Roles And Violence Against Women And Girls (Vawg): Baseline Findings From An Rct Of 1752 Youths In Pakistan, Tazeen S. Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Hussain M. A. Khuwaja, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D. Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes 2017 Aga Khan University

Attitude Towards Gender Roles And Violence Against Women And Girls (Vawg): Baseline Findings From An Rct Of 1752 Youths In Pakistan, Tazeen S. Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Hussain M. A. Khuwaja, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D. Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes

Tazeen Ali

Background: Violence against women is driven by gender norms that normalize and justify gender inequality and violence. Gender norms are substantially shaped during adolescence. Programs offered through schools offer an opportunity to influence gender attitudes toward gender equity if we understand these to be partly shaped by peers and the school environment.Objective: We present an analysis of the baseline research conducted for a randomized controlled trial with 1752 grade 6 boys and girls and their attitudes toward gender roles, VAWG, and associated factors.Methods: We used baseline data from a cluster randomised control study. Interviews were conducted in 40 ...


Association Of Awareness About Hepatitis C Infection With Patterns Of Health Seeking Behavior Among Hepatitis C Patients In Karachi, Pakistan, Shahina S. Pirani, Saleema Allana, Tazeen S. Ali, Faisal Wasim Ismail 2017 Aga Khan University

Association Of Awareness About Hepatitis C Infection With Patterns Of Health Seeking Behavior Among Hepatitis C Patients In Karachi, Pakistan, Shahina S. Pirani, Saleema Allana, Tazeen S. Ali, Faisal Wasim Ismail

Tazeen Ali

Background: Hepatitis C infection is one of the significant causes of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. In Pakistan, hepatitis C infection rate is 4.8%, which is the second highest prevalence rate among all developing countries. This study aimed to identify the association between awareness about hepatitis C infection and pattern of health seeking behavior among patients living with hepatitis C in Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among 250 hepatitis C patients who were recruited from the Aga Khan University Hospital and the Civil Hospital Karachi, Pakistan between March and May 2013. Data were collected ...


Validity And Reliability Testing: Urdu Translated Modified Response To Symptoms Questionnaire., Saleema A. Gulzar, Tazeen S. Ali, Khurshid Khowaja, Aamir Hameed, Debra Kay Moser Debra Kay Moser Debra Kay Moser 2017 Aga Khan University

Validity And Reliability Testing: Urdu Translated Modified Response To Symptoms Questionnaire., Saleema A. Gulzar, Tazeen S. Ali, Khurshid Khowaja, Aamir Hameed, Debra Kay Moser Debra Kay Moser Debra Kay Moser

Tazeen Ali

OBJECTIVE:

To determine validity and reliability of the Urdu translated, modified "Response to symptoms questionnaire" (RSQ) among acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients in Karachi.

STUDY DESIGN:

A qualitative, tool validation study.

PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY:

Two tertiary care hospitals in Karachi, the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi and the Karachi Institute of Heart Diseases, from December 2010 to April 2011.

METHODOLOGY:

After making certain modifications, the original tool in English was translated into Urdu. Next, five cardiology experts evaluated the tool for its content and face validity. Test retest and inter rater reliabilities were computed for the RSQ using ...


Peer Violence Perpetration And Victimization: Prevalence, Associated Factors And Pathways Among 1752 Sixth Grade Boys And Girls In Schools In Pakistan., Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Judith Mcfarlane, Rozina Somani, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Shireen Shehzad, Tazeen Saeed Ali, S. A. Gulzar, Yasmeen Hassan Somani, Esnat D. Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes 2017 Aga Khan University

Peer Violence Perpetration And Victimization: Prevalence, Associated Factors And Pathways Among 1752 Sixth Grade Boys And Girls In Schools In Pakistan., Rozina Karmaliani Professor, Judith Mcfarlane, Rozina Somani, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Shireen Shehzad, Tazeen Saeed Ali, S. A. Gulzar, Yasmeen Hassan Somani, Esnat D. Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes

School of Nursing & Midwifery

BACKGROUND:

Child peer violence is a global problem and seriously impacts health and education. There are few research studies available in Pakistan, or South Asia. We describe the prevalence of peer violence, associations, and pathways between socio-economic status, school performance, gender attitudes and violence at home.

METHODS:

1752 children were recruited into a cluster randomized controlled trial conducted on 40 fairly homogeneous public schools (20 for girls and 20 for boys), in Hyderabad, Pakistan. This was ranging from 20-65 children per school. All children were interviewed with questionnaires at baseline.

RESULTS:

Few children had no experience of peer violence in ...


A Delphi Study: Guidelines For Researchers Working With Teenage Mothers, Alison M. Chamberlain 2017 The University of Texas at Tyler

A Delphi Study: Guidelines For Researchers Working With Teenage Mothers, Alison M. Chamberlain

Nursing Theses and Dissertations

Problem: It is difficult to get teenage mothers to participate in studies, yet some researchers have been successful. Researchers who understand the barriers to conducting studies with a vulnerable population and are guided in ways to overcome these barriers, will experience greater success when doing studies with this group. Improved study methods can lead to larger numbers of teenage mothers who participate in studies. Researchers who follow developmentally appropriate guidelines are more likely to conduct and replicate studies with this population. Access is essential to advance the science related to care for teenage mothers who are at risk for many ...


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