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A Point Prevalence Cross-Sectional Study Of Healthcare-Associated Urinary Tract Infections In Six Australian Hospitals, Anne Gardner, Brett G. Mitchell, Wendy Beckingham, Oyebola Fasugba 2017 Australian Catholic University

A Point Prevalence Cross-Sectional Study Of Healthcare-Associated Urinary Tract Infections In Six Australian Hospitals, Anne Gardner, Brett G. Mitchell, Wendy Beckingham, Oyebola Fasugba

Oyebola Fasugba

Objectives: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) account for over 30% of healthcare-associated infections. The aim of this study was to determine healthcare-associated UTI (HAUTI) and catheter-associated UTI (CAUTI) point prevalence in six Australian hospitals to inform a national point prevalence process and compare two internationally accepted HAUTI definitions. We also described the level and comprehensiveness of clinical record documentation, microbiology laboratory and coding data at identifying HAUTIs and CAUTIs. Setting: Data were collected from three public and three private Australian hospitals over the first 6 months of 2013. Participants A total of 1109 patients were surveyed. Records of patients of all ...


Generation Y Health Professional Students’ Preferred Teaching And Learning Approaches: A Systematic Review, Caroline Mary Hills, Tracy Levett-Jones, Samuel Lapkin, Helen Warren-Forward 2017 National University of Ireland, Galway

Generation Y Health Professional Students’ Preferred Teaching And Learning Approaches: A Systematic Review, Caroline Mary Hills, Tracy Levett-Jones, Samuel Lapkin, Helen Warren-Forward

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Generation Y or Millennials are descriptors for those born between 1982 and 2000. This cohort has grown up in the digital age and is purported to have different learning preferences from previous generations. Students are important stakeholders in identifying their preferred teaching and learning approaches in health professional programs. This study aimed to identify, appraise, and synthesize the best available evidence regarding the teaching and learning preferences of Generation Y health professional students. The review considered any objectively measured or self-reported outcomes of teaching and learning reported from Generation Y health professional student perspectives. In accordance with a previously published ...


Admission Handoff Between Emergency Department And Inpatient Units, Amanda A. Briones 2016 University of San Francisco

Admission Handoff Between Emergency Department And Inpatient Units, Amanda A. Briones

Master's Projects

When admitting a patient from the emergency department (ED) to an inpatient unit, a handoff report is conducted. There are many ways the ED nurse can go about delivering this report to the inpatient or floor nurse. Each ED nurse tends to this task in their own way, providing the information they deem important. Due to the absence of standardization, handoff reports have the ability to lack important information regarding the patient and can even lead to compromising the safety of the patient.

The purpose of this project was to gain a comprehensive understanding of the current handover process of ...


Approach To Safety Improvement: Focusing On Better Care (Fall Prevention In Medical Surgical/Intermediate Care Unit), Jose Fox Caballes Jr 2016 University of San Francisco

Approach To Safety Improvement: Focusing On Better Care (Fall Prevention In Medical Surgical/Intermediate Care Unit), Jose Fox Caballes Jr

Master's Projects

Patient safety is one of the major concern of any healthcare provider during their patient’s hospital stay. This project addressed the steady trend of fall incidences compared to last fiscal years’ data of an average of 4 falls per month. This trend created urgency to envisioned a plan for solutions to prevent this circumstance from happening. This Clinical Nurse Leader led a project in creating a process in identifying all patients that are high risk to fall (HRTF) prior to their admittance or transfer to Medical Surgical/Intermediate Care Unit and throughout their hospital stay until they are discharged ...


Increasing Chlorhexidine (Chg) Daily Bathing Compliance, Jonathan Lee 2016 The University of San Francisco

Increasing Chlorhexidine (Chg) Daily Bathing Compliance, Jonathan Lee

Master's Projects

Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) daily bathing in hospitalized patients in the intensive care setting is one of many interventions implemented by institutions to reduce and prevent central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) and catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). These hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) plague and complicate treatments for critically ill patients in the acute care setting. CLABSIs and CAUTIs increase patient morbidity and mortality as well as place a financial burden with increased costs and hospital lengths of stay. The decrease of CHG compliance in our ICU unit can be associated with an elevated CLABSI rates. The focus of this CNL ...


Minimizing The Inappropriate Use Of Physical Restraint, Shiela Marie C. Telmo 2016 University of San Francisco

Minimizing The Inappropriate Use Of Physical Restraint, Shiela Marie C. Telmo

Master's Projects

The aim of this project is to be able to improve patient safety by minimizing the inappropriate use of physical restraints from 45% to about 20% in the acute respiratory unit which caters to patients with acute respiratory issues, such as exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), patients with new or old tracheostomy, needing bipap, rigorous nebulizer treatment, and other respiratory-related devices, not to mention the multiple comorbidities that oftentimes very difficult to stabilize which makes the hospital stay longer than usual. The Clinical Nurse Leader (CNL) as an educator and an outcome manager is an agent to empower ...


Standardization Of Body Imaging Huddle In Radiology, Margaret M. Browne McManus 2016 University of San Francisco

Standardization Of Body Imaging Huddle In Radiology, Margaret M. Browne Mcmanus

Master's Projects

Mag Browne McManus

Clinical Nurse Leader Abstract

University of San Francisco

Abstract

Communication amongst healthcare providers is critical to reducing errors, and in procedural areas, the huddle can be used to standardized communication amongst the team before the beginning of interventional procedures (Goldenhar, Brady, Sutcliffe, Muething, & Anderson, 2013). Prior to the implementation of the revised huddle, a staff survey indicated none of the staff were satisfied with the current process. The objectives of the standardization of the body imaging huddle in the department of radiology were to increase staff satisfaction by 15% and reduce the time from patient arrival to ...


Nurse Shift Handoff Report At The Patient's Bedside: Improving Nurse-To-Nurse Communication, Francis R. Estrella 2016 University of San Francisco

Nurse Shift Handoff Report At The Patient's Bedside: Improving Nurse-To-Nurse Communication, Francis R. Estrella

Master's Projects

The purpose of the CNL project is to develop a standardized approach to communication during nurse shift handoffs through utilization of bedside shift reporting (BSR). Shift handoffs are integral to nursing practice; therefore, this process must be accurate, effective, and consistent in order to ensure the delivery of safe and quality care. The project focuses on the CNL curriculum element of Quality Improvement and Safety, under the role of an Outcomes Manager. Prior to BSR implementation, shift handoffs in the sub-acute unit were being conducted at the nurse’s station or by the medication carts. Nurse shift handoffs were often ...


Improving Preadmission Testing Nurses' Knowledge Of Aortic Stenosis And Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement, Alberta Lynn Canale 2016 University of San Francisco

Improving Preadmission Testing Nurses' Knowledge Of Aortic Stenosis And Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement, Alberta Lynn Canale

Master's Projects

Abstract

The purpose of this Clinical Nurse Leader (CNL) project was to reduce gaps in nursing knowledge through staff education. Guided by the CNL theme of educator and information manager, the goals were to increase PreAdmission Testing (PAT) nurses’ knowledge of severe/critical aortic stenosis (AS), transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedure and patient selection, and satisfaction with knowledge by 10%. Rapid growth of the TAVR program has contributed to a gap in nursing knowledge leading to inconsistent patient care and education. An educational program was developed and spread through a series of Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles. Pre- and post- implementation surveys ...


Recovery-Oriented Care And Inpatient Psychiatric Nursing Practice, Julia M. McLaughlin 2016 University San Francisco

Recovery-Oriented Care And Inpatient Psychiatric Nursing Practice, Julia M. Mclaughlin

Master's Projects

For the past 15 years, major organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), and U.S. federal government have been committed to shifting mental health services from the medical model of care to the recovery-oriented model of care (Moller & McLoughlin, 2013). However, not all identified recovery-oriented practices have been fully implemented throughout mental health services, specifically in acute care settings. In 2015, San Mateo Medical Center’s acute psychiatric nursing staff completed McLoughlin’s (2005) Recovery Self-Assessment- Registered Nurse (RSA-RN). Data showed that 34% of nursing staff did not believe that the nurses within the Department of Psychiatry use a language of recovery and 40% reported that they did not feel that the hospital was recovery- oriented. In September 2016, a one-day workshop focused on the relevance, impact, and principles of the recovery-oriented care philosophy was held for all disciplines within the Department of Psychiatry, including nursing staff. In order to collect additional data specific to the one-day workshop, the RSA-RN was administered to nursing staff at the start of the workshop. Results from the pre-workshop assessment showed that 34% did not believe that the nurses within the Department of Psychiatry use a language of recovery and 10% did not feel that the hospital was recovery- oriented. A post-intervention RSA-RN assessment was electronically administered to workshop participants via Survey Monkey one month after the workshop; however the response rate was low and prevented a quantitative evaluation of the intervention’s impact on nursing practice.


Nursing Student Work-Study Internship: Partnering To Bridge The Education-To-Practice Gap, Jonalyn M. Wallace 2016 University of San Francisco

Nursing Student Work-Study Internship: Partnering To Bridge The Education-To-Practice Gap, Jonalyn M. Wallace

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Abstract

Discussed for decades, the need for transitional experiences bridging educational and practice settings gained momentum in the mid-1970s with the release of Kramer’s groundbreaking book Reality Shock: Why Nurses Leave Nursing. Nursing student internship programs were developed in the 1970s as one effort to address this issue. The Northern California Region of Kaiser Permanente partners with five universities to conduct the Nursing Student Work-Study Internship Program (WSP). The program provides senior level nursing students with a paid internship in clinical practice settings, working under the supervision of RN preceptors. The aim of the program is to improve the ...


Debriefing In The Emergency Department, Alyssa Johnson 2016 University of San Francisco

Debriefing In The Emergency Department, Alyssa Johnson

Master's Projects

Emergency Department (ED) staff are repeatedly exposed to high stress situations and as a result suffer from compassion fatigue, secondary traumatic stress, symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, burnout and high turnover rates. Staff turnover is costly to the health system in the form of training new staff and potential poor patient outcomes due to under staffing or inexperience of staff. Based on a survey about debriefing, Level 1 Adult and Pediatric Emergency Department staff reported 81% felt there was inadequate support for critically stressful events that occur. Debriefing was identified by 75% of the staff as an option for support ...


Common Statistical Tests And Interpretation In Nursing Research, Maria E. Main, Veletta L. Ogaz 2016 Western Kentucky University

Common Statistical Tests And Interpretation In Nursing Research, Maria E. Main, Veletta L. Ogaz

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

Faith community nurses need a basic understanding of common statistical tests and their interpretation to aid in the appraisal of research for evidence-based practice. The purpose of this article is to review statistical concepts, define common statistical tests, and interpret the results of statistical tests. Common statistical tests that measure differences in groups are independent samples t-test, paired sample t-tests, and analysis of variance. Common statistical tests that measure relationships are Pearson product moment correlation and chi-square. Knowledge of statistical concepts and common statistical tests assist in the appraisal of nursing research for evidence-based practice.


Critiquing Quantitative Research Reports: Key Points For The Beginner, Cathy H. Abell, Dawn M. Garrett Wright 2016 Western Kentucky University

Critiquing Quantitative Research Reports: Key Points For The Beginner, Cathy H. Abell, Dawn M. Garrett Wright

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

Nursing research has a long history, beginning with the first nursing researcher--Florence Nightingale. As research continues to evolve, the dissemination of findings is important. Nurses must have have an understanding of how to critically read and appraise research articles in order to assess the value of the findings.


Reducing Hypotension In Elective Cesarean Section Patients With Administration Of Ondansetron Prior To Spinal Anesthesia: A Retrospective Chart Analysis, Linsey Erin Phipps 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Reducing Hypotension In Elective Cesarean Section Patients With Administration Of Ondansetron Prior To Spinal Anesthesia: A Retrospective Chart Analysis, Linsey Erin Phipps

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

The birth of a child is one of the most memorable moments in a woman’s life, and many women undergo an elective cesarean section, requiring spinal anesthesia. At this time, the patient and the unborn child’s well-being become the anesthetist’s main focus. The ultimate goal of anesthesia providers is to provide the safest care to the patient. Spinal anesthesia has many benefits, but has a common side effect of hypotension, which can also result in nausea. Hypotension, dangerous to mother and child, is often treated with vasopressors, but can also cause nausea, which is treated by the ...


Evaluating The Likelihood Of Use Of Bispectral Index Guided Anesthesia As A Strategy To Reduce Postoperative Delirium In Surgicalpatients 65 Years Of Age Or Older, Simon Jack Gibson 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Evaluating The Likelihood Of Use Of Bispectral Index Guided Anesthesia As A Strategy To Reduce Postoperative Delirium In Surgicalpatients 65 Years Of Age Or Older, Simon Jack Gibson

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Postoperative delirium (POD) is the most common postoperative complication in the elderly, accounting for approximately $164 billion in costs per year in the United States (Inouye, Westendorp, & Saczynski, 2014, p. 911). This complication occurs in as many as 50% of elderly patients, but can be prevented as much as 40% of the time (Inouye et al., 2014). The use of processed encephalographic monitoring, such as Bispectral Index (BIS) monitoring, to guide anesthetic dosage is the single intraoperative intervention with enough evidence to support it as a recommendation for use to reduce POD (American Geriatrics Society, 2015). There were two parts ...


Efficacy Of Intravenous Ondansetron In Relieving Nausea/Vomiting And Pruritus Post Epidural Administered Opioids In The Obstetric Patient, Benjamin Stephen Butler 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Efficacy Of Intravenous Ondansetron In Relieving Nausea/Vomiting And Pruritus Post Epidural Administered Opioids In The Obstetric Patient, Benjamin Stephen Butler

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

One prominent side effect in the use of a neuraxial anesthesia is pruritus, with an incidence in the obstetric patient of 60-100% (Kumar & Singh, 2013). Another side effect of an epidural placement is nausea and vomiting. Nausea and vomiting occurs frequently during the progress of labor and is difficult to determine an incidence that is related to epidural opioid administration (Chestnut, Wong, Tsen, Ngan Kee, Beilin, & Mhyre, 2014). A review of literature was performed and established evidence that ondansetron is effective in reducing incidence of pruritus in intrathecal administered opioids for cesarean sections in the obstetric patient. No literature was ...


Leadership Practices Of Supervisory Employees: An Exploration Of Current Practices At A Southeastern Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Melissa M. Zimmerman 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy

Leadership Practices Of Supervisory Employees: An Exploration Of Current Practices At A Southeastern Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Melissa M. Zimmerman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As the nation’s healthcare system moves through the 21st century, unprecedented changes are occurring on both a local and global stage. Healthcare organizations are faced with creating and implementing leadership strategies to enhance the overall patient experience. When coupled with the need to ensure increased nurse job satisfaction, improved cost-effectiveness and healthy organizational cultures with fiscally sound budgets, improvement work has led efforts to ensure effective leadership techniques are used across an agency.

This task may be viewed as commonplace for some organizations, while others may perceive this process as a complete paradigm shift from historical practices related ...


Fentanyl Administration On Emergence From Surgery And Post Anesthesia Care Unit Discharge Times And Pain Scores, Andrew Ernst Wetzel 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Fentanyl Administration On Emergence From Surgery And Post Anesthesia Care Unit Discharge Times And Pain Scores, Andrew Ernst Wetzel

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Problem: Pain has been historically mismanaged potentially leading to a host of negative physiological consequences. Today’s dynamic health care reform offers an opportunity to increase satisfaction with care. Utilizing the PICO question, in adults undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy over a 12 month period, does medication with fentanyl during emergence versus not medicating during emergence reduce the need for pain medications and discharge times? Evidence/Background: Two national studies surveyed patient perception of pain management following surgery. The first, conducted by Apfelbaum et.al (2003) showed that 80% of patients experienced acute pain after surgery with 86% rating that pain as ...


Group Empowerment Capacity And Capability In Associate Degree Schools Of Nursing In The United States, Christy Lee Savell 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Group Empowerment Capacity And Capability In Associate Degree Schools Of Nursing In The United States, Christy Lee Savell

Dissertations

The purpose of conducting this research was to determine the perception of group empowerment capacity (EC) and group empowerment capability (E) among faculty and administrators in associate degree nursing programs (ADN) in the United States (U.S.), whether there was a significant difference in the scores of EC and E between the two groups and if there was a significant relationship between the mediating variables and EC. The study was conducted online with administrators and faculty of ADN programs throughout the United States (U.S.). Information letters with questionnaire links were sent to all members of the Organization of Associate ...


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