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Comparison Of Emla And Diclofenac On Reduction Of Pain And Phlebitis Caused By Peripheral Iv Catheter: A Randomized-Controlled Trial Study, Faezeh Babaieasl, Hossein Y. Yarandi, Seyedehtanaz Saeidzadeh, Motahareh Kheradmand 2019 Wayne State University

Comparison Of Emla And Diclofenac On Reduction Of Pain And Phlebitis Caused By Peripheral Iv Catheter: A Randomized-Controlled Trial Study, Faezeh Babaieasl, Hossein Y. Yarandi, Seyedehtanaz Saeidzadeh, Motahareh Kheradmand

Nursing Faculty Research Publications

Peripheral venous catheters (PVC) are often used to provide hydration, medications, and blood products when the length of therapy is expected to be less that one week. Pain and phlebitis are frequent complications of PVC. Diclofenac and EMLA have been used to minimize these adverse effects, however, conflicting results have been reported regarding which has better outcomes. This double-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the efficacy of EMLA and Diclofenac (TDP) in attenuating PVC pain and phlebitis. The inpatient setting was chosen because of the higher frequency of PVC insertions, allowing for a sufficient sample size. One hundred ...


Healing Wounds Through Nutrition, Deanna Garza 2018 The University of San Francisco

Healing Wounds Through Nutrition, Deanna Garza

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

The role of nutrition in wound care is often overlooked. The main reasons why wounds fail to heal are malnutrition, infection, impaired organ function due to co-existing diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, renal disease, and peripheral vascular disease to name a few. These factors have contributed to poor patient outcomes and patient satisfaction, as well as an increase in hospital length of stay. To promote wound healing, fuel from macro and micronutrients are necessary to deliver oxygen and energy for cell regeneration. However, nurses must possess knowledge and understanding of these requirements and the effects of nutrition on wound ...


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Screening Project For Adult Males From The Middle East And Afghanistan, Ricky Norwood 2018 University of San Francisco

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Screening Project For Adult Males From The Middle East And Afghanistan, Ricky Norwood

Master's Projects and Capstones

Current research indicates a significant rise in PTSD signs and symptoms of adult males arriving from the Middle East and Afghanistan. In an effort to increase the awareness of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in clinical personnel and adult males from the Middle East and Afghanistan, the Sacramento Refugee Health Clinic implemented a PTSD Screening Project. This project was designed to ensure the maximum number of the adult males from the Middle East and Afghanistan would be appropriately screened for PTSD and provided additional opportunities to meet the mental and acute primary care needs of these patients in an adequate and ...


Defying The Gravity Of Falls On Msu, Alvin Joseph Abad 2018 The University of San Francisco

Defying The Gravity Of Falls On Msu, Alvin Joseph Abad

Master's Projects and Capstones

Falls are a leading cause of injury and death for adult males in the United States and have been an ongoing problem on the Medical Surgical Unit (MSU). Therefore, the aim of this project is to increase fall prevention education and communication on MSU in order to ultimately improve fall rates. Although there are currently fall prevention processes already in place, these may not be sufficient as demonstrated by recent fall metrics. Many RNs on MSU are fairly new nurses; and their enthusiasm and adaptability may be an advantage for this evidence-based project. Furthermore, the management team seems to be ...


Developing Cultural Competency In Anesthesia Through Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists, Emma To 2018 University of Southern Mississippi

Developing Cultural Competency In Anesthesia Through Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists, Emma To

Doctoral Projects

Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) are the main anesthesia providers in over 70% of rural hospitals providing anesthesia. Each year, over 2,000 student registered nurse anesthetists (SRNAs) graduate and continue as licensed CRNAs. This Doctor of Nurse Practice (DNP) project emphasizes the importance of developing culturally competent providers in anesthesia by promoting early outreach in cultural competence education of SRNAs. Cultural competence is described as possessing characteristics of congruent attitudes, awareness, and conduct that provides and enables effective skills in cross-cultural encounters. Encompassing cultural competency education early in the SRNAs profession may provide valuable lifelong cultural skills that will ...


Solicitude: Towards A Heideggerian Care Ethics-Of-Assistance, Babette Babich 2018 Fordham University

Solicitude: Towards A Heideggerian Care Ethics-Of-Assistance, Babette Babich

Articles and Chapters in Academic Book Collections

No abstract provided.


A Malignant Hyperthermia Competency Training For Nurse Anesthesia Trainees: Development, Implementation, And Evaluation, Andrew Christ 2018 DePaul University

A Malignant Hyperthermia Competency Training For Nurse Anesthesia Trainees: Development, Implementation, And Evaluation, Andrew Christ

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

A Malignant Hyperthermia Competency Training for Nurse Anesthesia Trainees: Development, Implementation, and Evaluation

Andrew Christ, RN, BSN, DNP Candidate

Faculty: Karen Kapanke, CRNA, DNP

Background: Video simulation is an alternative method of teaching that can play an important role in nurse anesthesia education. Using video simulation for uncommon crisis could prove beneficial.

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of an educational video simulation regarding malignant hyperthermia (MH) recognition and management on knowledge of nurse anesthesia trainees (NATs).

Methods: A single group pretest-posttest design was used to compare knowledge on recognition and management of malignant hyperthermia ...


Attitudes And Beliefs Among Anesthesia Provides Regarding Smartphone Use For Intraoperative Anesthetic Management, Jasprit Dulat, Marjorie Reeves 2018 DePaul University

Attitudes And Beliefs Among Anesthesia Provides Regarding Smartphone Use For Intraoperative Anesthetic Management, Jasprit Dulat, Marjorie Reeves

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Smartphone technology has evolved at the same accelerated pace as healthcare technological innovation. The literature shows that healthcare providers already utilize Smartphone technology to bridge gaps in knowledge and provide quality care to patients. Critics of these advancements are leery about Smartphone use in the operating room (OR) because it may be a source of distraction for anesthesia providers; however, supporters argue that their use is also recognized as a potential aid in learning. Objectives: This study was conducted to assess workplace attitudes and beliefs regarding the use of Smartphones in the operating room in order to establish policies ...


Implementation And Compliance With A Goal-Directed Fluid Therapy (Gdft) Protocol For Total Hip Arthroplasties: A Two-Year Review, Michelle Pavlik 2018 DePaul University

Implementation And Compliance With A Goal-Directed Fluid Therapy (Gdft) Protocol For Total Hip Arthroplasties: A Two-Year Review, Michelle Pavlik

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Historically, goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) has been shown to improve patient outcomes when used in the perioperative setting for specific cases (colorectal, etc). When anesthesia providers use GDFT protocols, intraoperative fluid therapy is” patient specific” via the use of dynamic patient-specific physiologic parameters.

Objectives: The aim of the study is to assess whether GDFT improved patient-specific fluid administration. A secondary aim was to assess adherence to the instated GDFT protocol.

Method: A retrospective chart review was conducted on 201 patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) procedures following implementation of a GDFT protocol at the University of Illinois at Chicago ...


The Benefits Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine For Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis: An Integrative Review Of Literature, Kali Polich 2018 DePaul University

The Benefits Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine For Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis: An Integrative Review Of Literature, Kali Polich

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease that is characterized by joint swelling, tenderness, synovial joint destruction all of which leads to disability as well as premature death. It is a disease that affects all bodily systems as well as daily living. The current methods of treatment are aggressive medications in various forms. Complementary and alternative methods (CAMs) of treatment can be useful in the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis as well as improving the quality of daily living.

Objectives: The purpose of a literature review was to explore the current treatment methods of Rheumatoid Arthritis as well ...


Management Of Risk Factors To Decrease Peanut Allergy Occurrences In The Youth Population, Emily Vukovich 2018 DePaul University

Management Of Risk Factors To Decrease Peanut Allergy Occurrences In The Youth Population, Emily Vukovich

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Recent increases in prevalence of peanut allergy has become a significant public health concern. There are many risk factors that have been determined to cause development of peanut allergies. These risk factors include genetics, race, sex, primary, and secondary prevention. Previous guidelines have given no evidence that preventing an infant from allergenic foods stunts development of peanut allergy.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review was to identify if early exposure to peanut prevents occurrence of peanut allergy development.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted undergoing extensive search for studies that have focused on early exposure ...


Management Of Risk Factors To Decrease Peanut Allergy Occurrences In The Youth Population, Emily Vukovich 2018 DePaul University

Management Of Risk Factors To Decrease Peanut Allergy Occurrences In The Youth Population, Emily Vukovich

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Recent increases in prevalence of peanut allergy has become a significant public health concern. There are many risk factors that have been determined to cause development of peanut allergies. These risk factors include genetics, race, sex, primary, and secondary prevention. Previous guidelines have given no evidence that preventing an infant from allergenic foods stunts development of peanut allergy.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review was to identify if early exposure to peanut prevents occurrence of peanut allergy development.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted undergoing extensive search for studies that have focused on early exposure ...


Improving Pediatric Oral-Systemic Health Through Motivational Interviewing: An Interprofessional Training Intervention, Oksana Prodan 2018 The University of San Francisco

Improving Pediatric Oral-Systemic Health Through Motivational Interviewing: An Interprofessional Training Intervention, Oksana Prodan

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Introduction: In response to the prevalence of early childhood carries (ECC) in the United States, recommendations were established for pediatric primary care providers to routinely incorporate oral-systemic health promotion services into clinical practice. An interprofessional education project was developed between Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs) and dentistry students in San Francisco to assist trainees in the effective delivery of oral systemic health promotion services. Improving health promotion communication skills was identified as an area of need for both sets of learners. Therefore, the IPE activity was designed to incorporate Motivational Interviewing (MI) into the training along with pediatric oral health ...


Reducing Workplace Injuries Among Advice Registered Nurses, Mey Saephanh 2018 The University of San Francisco

Reducing Workplace Injuries Among Advice Registered Nurses, Mey Saephanh

Master's Projects and Capstones

An area of concern for clinical nurse leaders (CNLs) is the increasing incidence of workplace injuries in integrated healthcare systems with call centers where repetitive stress injury (RSI) is among the leading causes of workplace injuries. Recurring pain and discomfort that call center Advice Registered Nurses (ARNs) experience hurts them and their teams, influences the operation of the call center, and decreases the quality of care provided to the healthcare system members. Due to high call volumes ARNs do not adequately use breaks or other measures to reduce physical strain. There is an opportunity to reduce RSIs through deployment of ...


Standardizing The Palliative Care Referral Process, Ronaviv M. Garcia 2018 University of San Francisco

Standardizing The Palliative Care Referral Process, Ronaviv M. Garcia

Master's Projects and Capstones

Standardizing the Palliative Care Referral Process

Problem: Heart failure (HF) is one of the most common causes of hospital admissions and emergency department visits in the United States. HF patients are at high risk for hospital readmission: 25% of HF patients discharged from the hospital are readmitted within 30 days of discharge, and 50% are readmitted within 6 months (Vedel & Khanossov, 2015).

Context: Palliative Care (PC) has been shown to be an effective way of managing distressing HF symptoms and thus of reducing hospital readmissions, yet patients are infrequently referred to PC services during their transition from hospital to home (Lowey & Liebel, 2016). Currently, there is no standardized referral process for patient care coordinators (PCCs) to refer HF patients to PC services.

Interventions: Standardized scripting was developed and implemented as a tool for PCCs to educate patients about the benefits of PC. Four PCCs implemented the intervention over the course of 30 days, and together, they identified 26 HF patients appropriate for PC referral.

Measures: Process measures include: the development and implementation of the standardized PC referral process; the number of completed PC referrals after utilization of the standardized PC referral process.

Results: Among the 26 patients identified, 22 (85%) received the PC standardized scripting, and of those 22 patients, 12 (43%) provided verbal consent to the PC ...


The Interactive Patient Careboard: A Technological Innovation To Improve Patient Safety, Perla Q. Baldugo 2018 University of San Francisco

The Interactive Patient Careboard: A Technological Innovation To Improve Patient Safety, Perla Q. Baldugo

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: An innovative method to communicate with the patient and between interdisciplinary team members is the use of the interactive patient careboard (IPC) which has declined since its implementation. Concurrently, the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) scores for the med surg unit need improvement. The low HCAHPS scores in communication suggested to nursing leadership that revitalizing use of the IPC could lead to improvements in the scores. The ideal shift handoff includes IPC as a focal point of communication. The RN is expected to display the careboard during handoff and identify for the patient the healthcare ...


Decreasing Falls In A Medical Surgical Unit: A Quality Improvement Project, Ann Chetty 2018 The University of San Francisco

Decreasing Falls In A Medical Surgical Unit: A Quality Improvement Project, Ann Chetty

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

The purpose of the project was to decrease the number of falls occurring in the 48-bed medical-surgical unit by building standard work for hourly rounding and communication. Falls are a patient safety issue and are preventable. Since the Institute of Medicine has published “To Err is Human” in 1999, there have been a multitude of studies on falls, yet falls continue to be prevalent in health care organizations. The increase in patient falls adversely impact the patient’s length of stay, discharges to nursing homes and the facility’s reputation for providing safe care. The staff in this microsystem ...


Preventing Hospital Acquired Pneumonia: A Quality Improvement Project, Calyn Pascual 2018 The University of San Francisco

Preventing Hospital Acquired Pneumonia: A Quality Improvement Project, Calyn Pascual

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Problem: From October 2016 to September 2017, the 5th floor medical surgical telemetry unit has had 9 incidences of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP). Among the facility, this is the floor with the highest HAP incidences.

Context: HAP is associated with $40,000 to $65,000 to each patient care cost; an additional 7-9 days of stay in the hospital, increases the chances of discharging a patient to a skilled nursing facility instead of home, and has an attributable mortality rate (Quinn, et al., 2014).

Interventions: Daily oral brushing self-audits are given to patient care technicians (PCT) for both day ...


Improving Communication In A Virtual Team: A Quality Improvement Project, Deepali Addagarla 2018 The University of San Francisco

Improving Communication In A Virtual Team: A Quality Improvement Project, Deepali Addagarla

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: Data analysis based on two surveys revealed team communication, interdependence, technology interfaces, and integration as the quality gaps in the Virtual Surveillance Team. When compared with traditional in-person teams, a virtual working team faces different types of communication challenges.

Context: The virtual surveillance team in the regional quality department at Oakland monitors both Advance Alert Monitor (AAM), a statistical model developed by the Kaiser Permanente (KP) Division of Research (DOR) that is used to predict an individual’s likelihood of deterioration, and eHospital care gaps for Kaiser Foundation Hospitals in Northern California (KFH, NCAL). The latest evaluation from DOR ...


Prospectus For Improving Measure Ii Scores Of Hospice Visits When Death Is Imminent In The Hospice Item Set, David Ainsworth 2018 The University of San Francisco

Prospectus For Improving Measure Ii Scores Of Hospice Visits When Death Is Imminent In The Hospice Item Set, David Ainsworth

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract


Problem: Center for Medicare Services (CMS) created a new quality measure pair to collect data on hospice visit patterns by a registered nurse in the last three days of life (Measure I), and at least two visits by a social worker, home health aide, licensed vocational nurse or spiritual counselor in the last seven days of life (Measure II). A hospital-based hospice organization created a quality improvement project to address this problem and improve both parts of the measure pair, but special emphasis was placed on improving Measure II, as initial data revealed the team met the goal only ...


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