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Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: A Patient Empowerment Project, Alison Cusmano 2021 University of San Diego

Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: A Patient Empowerment Project, Alison Cusmano

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Hypertension is a public health issue estimated to affect 112 million adults by 2030. Primary care patients in an outpatient clinic in Southern California with elevated blood pressure readings in the office did not have an organized system for close follow-up. The purpose of this evidence-based project (EBP) was to educate patients on self-measured blood pressure monitoring (SMBP), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), diet interventions, and healthy weight loss to improve hypertension rates. Through these interventions, patients developed an understanding of their systolic and diastolic blood pressure goals. Nurse practitioners, medical assistants, and licensed vocational nurses screened for high ...


Stress As A Contributing Factor For Pediatric Obesity: Literature Review And Internship Experience, Jessica Handley 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Stress As A Contributing Factor For Pediatric Obesity: Literature Review And Internship Experience, Jessica Handley

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

This article is an examination of how stress drives diet and physical activity behaviors that contribute to pediatric obesity in the United States. An increasing rate of childhood obesity is being reported in the United States and therefore a multitude of studies and reviews have been conducted on the topic. This review of the literature systematically analyzes how stress, diet, and physical activity behaviors contribute to this rising rate of pediatric obesity. An analysis of the chosen articles for review indicates that stress and its counterpart (resilience) tend to be driving forces in how American children and adolescents participate in ...


Discerning The True Dilemma Of Diabetes Among Hispanics, Ramon Ponce 2021 Dominican University of California

Discerning The True Dilemma Of Diabetes Among Hispanics, Ramon Ponce

Nursing | Senior Theses

There is a common misconception that the primary role of nurses is to follow doctors’ orders and treat patients who are currently suffering and experiencing pain. Chronic illnesses such as diabetes can be prevented and better managed if the population who is greatest at risk is better informed and educated on the disease. Different cultures and ethnicities have different foods that unfortunately puts them at risk to get diabetes. Hispanics typically follow a diet that is high in carbohydrates, saturated fats, and sugars that greatly contribute to the development of diabetes. Often, Hispanics are not educated enough to comprehend the ...


Improving Data Collection And Documentation In A Post-Discharge Follow-Up Phone Call Program, Lindsay Horihan, Tasha Flicek 2021 Winona State University

Improving Data Collection And Documentation In A Post-Discharge Follow-Up Phone Call Program, Lindsay Horihan, Tasha Flicek

Nursing DNP Projects

Purpose and Rationale: The purpose of this project is to improve a post-discharge follow-up phone call program by creating evidence-based methods of collecting, documenting, and analyzing data that will provide insight of the program’s impact on patient and process outcomes. There was sufficient evidence to support the use of follow-up phone calls as an effective method to limit hospital readmissions within thirty days of being discharged. The literature also revealed patient and process outcomes to be measured as a final step in the program and to provide data for ongoing process improvement. Practice Change and Implementation Strategies: The current ...


The Effects Of A Faith-Based Diabetes Program For African Americans, Pandora Goode 2021 Winston-Salem State University

The Effects Of A Faith-Based Diabetes Program For African Americans, Pandora Goode

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to pilot test the effectiveness of a diabetes self-management program for African Americans with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) in a group format in a faith-based setting. The rationale for the study was to create appropriate diabetes education in response to the growing diabetes prevalence among African Americans. The investigator hypothesized that after completing a 12-week program, participants would have improved diabetes knowledge, self-management practices, hemoglobin A1C, and an increase in self-efficacy. By reaching these goals, this program would contribute to one of the Healthy People 2020 objectives of increasing the proportion of persons ...


Adverse Childhood Experiences And Urinary Incontinence In Elementary School Aged Children, Amanda Jill Travis MSN, FNP-C, Margaret C. Harvey PhD, APRN, ACNP-BC, CHFN, Michelle Rickard DNP, APNP-C 2021 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Adverse Childhood Experiences And Urinary Incontinence In Elementary School Aged Children, Amanda Jill Travis Msn, Fnp-C, Margaret C. Harvey Phd, Aprn, Acnp-Bc, Chfn, Michelle Rickard Dnp, Apnp-C

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background: Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) have an impact on health throughout the lifespan (Filletti et al., 1999; Hughes et al., 2017). These experiences range from physical and mental abuse, substance abuse in the home, parental separation or loss, financial instability, acute illness or injury, witnessing violence in the home or community, and incarceration of family members (Hughes et al., 2017). Understanding and screening for ACEs in children with urinary incontinence can help practitioners identify psychological stress as a potentially modifiable risk factor.

Methods: A 5-month chart review was performed identifying English speaking patients ages 6-11 years presenting to the ...


Food Addiction And Obesity, Lisa Ling 2021 Abilene Christian University

Food Addiction And Obesity, Lisa Ling

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The obesity rate in the U.S. adult population has increased to epidemic levels despite attempts to decrease obesity through evidence-based knowledge, clinical practice guidelines, medical interventions, and individual efforts. For certain individuals, food addiction behaviors such as food cravings, loss of control, and binge eating contribute to obesity and require a different approach to care. Little work has been done on adding the possibility of food addiction to obesity screening and treatment. This study utilized a quasi-experimental quantitative pre- and postsurvey research design based on Lewin’s change theory. Nurse practitioners were surveyed regarding the provider’s perceptions, attitudes ...


Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Staff Training Program To Tackle Postpartum Depression, Helen XUMIN Chen 2021 University of San Francisco

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Staff Training Program To Tackle Postpartum Depression, Helen Xumin Chen

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Abstract

Background: Women in the process of childbirth go through significant physical and psychological changes. The internal changes along with other external factors can be overwhelming. There is a high rate of new mothers suffering from postpartum depression (PPD) as a result. Problem: High prevalence of PPD is a public health crisis. The condition has a negative impact on the mother-baby unit and the wellbeing of the whole family. Aside from the implications on the health of new mothers and babies, PPD is also costly to the economy. Methods: Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a common and effective intervention for ...


Testing A New Workflow To Integrate The Voice-Of-The-Customer In Readmission Analysis For Skilled Nursing Facility Readmissions From Home, Stephanie Edurese Bilbao 2021 University of San Francisco

Testing A New Workflow To Integrate The Voice-Of-The-Customer In Readmission Analysis For Skilled Nursing Facility Readmissions From Home, Stephanie Edurese Bilbao

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

There are multiple layers of oversight across the healthcare delivery system. Measuring acute hospital readmissions has been identified as an important outcome measure of quality care. Our patients are one of the major stakeholders in the healthcare system. One role of a clinical nurse leader is to integrate evidence-based leadership practices that identify and assess outcomes, mitigate risk, enhance health promotion, deliver highly effective patient care, and ensure transparent relationships with stakeholders. Rationales for examining and re-designing the readmission analysis workflow based on the customer’s experience are discussed in this paper. The global aim of the project is ...


Use Of A Remote Patient Home Telemonitoring System (Engage Practice Solutions) In A Rural Health System To Decrease Rural Patients’ Utilization Of Acute Healthcare Services: A Quality Improvement Project, Christopher Baker 2021 Duquesne University

Use Of A Remote Patient Home Telemonitoring System (Engage Practice Solutions) In A Rural Health System To Decrease Rural Patients’ Utilization Of Acute Healthcare Services: A Quality Improvement Project, Christopher Baker

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Manuscripts

Individuals in rural areas of the U.S. have less healthcare access in large part due to access barriers, and include travel and wait time, distance to a provider, cost, transportation, and social and cultural components. Rural individuals have been found to be in poorer health and have higher rates of being uninsured and having chronic disease. These disparities lead to rural individuals requiring more expensive acute care once they are at the point of receiving care. A significant burden is placed on the individual and health system. The rates of emergency department (ED) use in rural areas increased 70 ...


Reduction Of Clabsi In Telemetry Patients Through Limiting Central Line Blood Draw, Caselyn Lok 2021 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Reduction Of Clabsi In Telemetry Patients Through Limiting Central Line Blood Draw, Caselyn Lok

Student Scholarly Projects

CLABSI is known to be one of the many healthcare-associated infections that has led to an increase in health complications, length of hospital stays, and increased in healthcare cost. There is about 25000 bloodstream infection that occurs annually (Haddadin, Annamaraju, & Regunath, 2020). The PICOT question that guided this project was “How does limiting blood-draw from central venous catheter lines influence the rate of central-line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) post-implementation compared to rate of CLABSI pre-implementation after eight weeks?” CLABSI prevention bundles were already being used to guide healthcare providers in handling CVC access. There were 15 scholarly articles that supports ...


Developing Outpatient, Clinic-Based Education For Patients With Diabetes And Prediabetes, Ruth Ann Slayton 2021 Abilene Christian University

Developing Outpatient, Clinic-Based Education For Patients With Diabetes And Prediabetes, Ruth Ann Slayton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Abstract Education and support provided to the newly diagnosed prediabetic or Type 2 Diabetic are inadequate in the outpatient arena. In rural areas, instruction for diabetes is minimal to nonexistent, and patients are paying for this with their health and lives many times. The financial burden of diabetes in the United States is astronomical. The loss of life and life quality is significantly high as well. A systems-based approach to education in the rural health clinic would be of great benefit and has proven to be enough to reverse or avoid the progression of the disease. A clinic or field-based ...


The Impact Of An Evidence-Based Multi-Component Intervention On Colorectal Cancer Screening In Primary Care At A Healthcare System, Ahnnya Slaughter 2021 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

The Impact Of An Evidence-Based Multi-Component Intervention On Colorectal Cancer Screening In Primary Care At A Healthcare System, Ahnnya Slaughter

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States; many of the deaths are preventable with early detection. Adherence rates for colorectal cancer screening with fecal immunochemical test kits (FIT) was below the national benchmark at this facility.

PICOT: The PICOT question that guided this project was: Among veterans 50 – 75 years old requiring average risk colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) seen in primary care at a veterans affairs healthcare system facility (P), how does the use of a multi-component intervention (I), compared to the usual care (C), affect the number of patients completing ...


Enhancing Communication Between Nurses And Physicians On Patients With Sepsis, Jayne Ehirim 2021 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Enhancing Communication Between Nurses And Physicians On Patients With Sepsis, Jayne Ehirim

Dissertations

Abstract

Problem: The condition of sepsis is life-threatening, and its severity increases when there are delays in interventions. Communication challenges exist on medical-surgical units and are major contributors to poor management of patients with sepsis. Ineffective communication among health care team members continues to threaten patients` health outcomes. The purpose of this project was to implement a standardized form of communication between nurses and physicians of patients with sepsis.

Methods: An observational descriptive design with a retrospective chart review. A quality improvement PDSA cycle was used to implement an SBAR communication instrument.

Results: A total of 16 medical records (N ...


Antibiotic Administration Time During A Code Sepsis, Shemekia Ford 2021 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Antibiotic Administration Time During A Code Sepsis, Shemekia Ford

Dissertations

Problem: Sepsis is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality and antibiotic administration within 60-minutes is a priority. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to improve sepsis patient’s outcomes by administering parenteral antibiotics within 60-minutes of a code sepsis (CS) activation.

Method: Observational descriptive design utilizing a retrospective medical record review over a three-month period in 2020 and 2021. A purposive sampling of adult patients from a Midwestern, metropolitan, Level II trauma and medical center emergency department (ED) were selected.

Results: The administration of parental antibiotics once a sepsis bundle was activated was essentially 28-minutes in 2020 ...


Impact Of Social Isolation In Hiv-Positive Individuals During A Pandemic, Corina Jane Bakoylis 2021 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Impact Of Social Isolation In Hiv-Positive Individuals During A Pandemic, Corina Jane Bakoylis

Dissertations

Problem: The global pandemic of COVID-19 caused concern for immunocompromised individuals. The purpose of this quality improvement initiative was to assess the impact of social isolation on feelings of loneliness, depression, and social isolation experiences in HIV-positive individuals residing in a long-term care facility.

Methods: A mixed-method convergent design with a purposeful sample of HIV-positive adult residents residing in a long-term care facility was utilized. An evaluation of loneliness using the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) Loneliness Scale (Version 3) and depression using the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8) were completed. Personal experiences were also assessed with five predetermined open-ended ...


Intimate Partner Violence Education For High School Students, Morgan Foster 2021 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Intimate Partner Violence Education For High School Students, Morgan Foster

Dissertations

Problem Adolescents are at risk for experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). As early as seventh grade, over half of adolescents have reported being in a romantic relationship. Adolescent screening for and education of IPV is minimal, and only the Healthy Relationships Quiz developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [HHS] screens young adolescents across all aspects of IPV, including psychological and sexual violence. The purpose of this project was to develop an IPV education plan for high school students in a health course.

Methods An educational lesson plan for IPV was created for high school teachers ...


Attitudes Toward Sars-Cov-2 In Frontline Healthcare Workers And First Responders, Michelle Tiffany Arrington 2021 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Attitudes Toward Sars-Cov-2 In Frontline Healthcare Workers And First Responders, Michelle Tiffany Arrington

Dissertations

Problem: To date, little evidence exists to understand attitudes of SARS-CoV-2 in frontline healthcare workers (HCW) and first responders (FR), related to best practices in mitigating virus spread. The purpose of this project was to assess attitudes toward COVID-19 in young adults, ages 18-44 years old, who are frontline workers related to their adherence to PPE guidelines, social distancing, hand hygiene, community exposures, and vaccinations.

Methods: A descriptive survey design using five-point Likert scale questions and 26 open-ended questions and was implemented one-year after onset of the pandemic. A purposive sample working in a large, urban, Midwest metropolitan area was ...


Implementing An Antibiotic Stewardship Education Program To Decrease Antibiotic Prescriptions In An Urgent Care Clinic, James Gramling 2021 Jacksonville State University

Implementing An Antibiotic Stewardship Education Program To Decrease Antibiotic Prescriptions In An Urgent Care Clinic, James Gramling

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Antibiotics are often prescribed for respiratory infections. These infections often have a viral rather than a bacterial source. Overuse of antibiotics is associated with increased potential for adverse effects, increased healthcare costs, and increasing antibiotic resistance. The purpose of this DNP project was to determine if implementing an antibiotic stewardship program at an urgent care clinic would decrease the number of antibiotic prescriptions written for acute respiratory tract infections. An educational session consisting of didactic and PowerPoint presentations was provided to each provider at the urgent care clinic. Medical records were reviewed for four weeks after completion of the session ...


Hypertension Education And Management Intervention (Hemi) In The Urgent Care Setting, Conrad L. Cash 2021 Jacksonville State University

Hypertension Education And Management Intervention (Hemi) In The Urgent Care Setting, Conrad L. Cash

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Hypertension, being a very prominent disease, is a common problem found during urgent care visits. By beginning in the urgent care setting, hypertension management can be started early; thereby preventing complications from uncontrolled hypertension.

Purpose: This DNP project aimed to improve patient knowledge of hypertension and overall blood pressure readings by providing one-to-one provider-patient education.

Design Method: This DNP quality improvement project was a pre- and post-test design using quantitative data. The goal was to access if there was a change in patient education pre, post, and three months follow-up along with a change in blood pressure.

Results: This ...


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