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Utilizing A Stress And Coping Model Into A Preventive Abusive Head Trauma Parent/Caregiver Educational Program, Camile Williams 2021 The University of San Francisco

Utilizing A Stress And Coping Model Into A Preventive Abusive Head Trauma Parent/Caregiver Educational Program, Camile Williams

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Abusive head trauma (AHT) is a serious form of child maltreatment that is the primary cause of fatal head injuries in children younger than 24 months and is the cause for over 50% of severe or fatal traumatic brain injury incidences. These injuries can be caused by impact, shaking, or the combination of shaking and impact. These multi-factorial injuries can cause intracranial and spinal damage, retinal hemorrhages, and fractures of ribs and other bones. The age and severity of injuries will be used to assess the diagnosis of AHT. When AHT occurs, it is often tied to the behavior from ...


Decreasing Bias And Improving Education On Non-Invasive Colorectal Screening Methods, Sara H. Hughes 2020 University of Texas at Tyler

Decreasing Bias And Improving Education On Non-Invasive Colorectal Screening Methods, Sara H. Hughes

MSN Capstone Projects

It is estimated that in 2020, nearly 148,000 Americans will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 53,200 Americans will die from colorectal cancer (Siegel et al., 2020). One- half of all cases and deaths are due to modifiable risk factors such as diet and smoking and it has been shown that early screening and detection can greatly decrease the morbidity and mortality of colorectal cancer yet colorectal cancer related deaths still ranks among the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in the United States and the world. Early detection of colorectal cancer is crucial to reducing mortality and although ...


Patient Controlled Fluid Restriction Monitoring, Christina Tindel 2020 University of Texas at Tyler

Patient Controlled Fluid Restriction Monitoring, Christina Tindel

MSN Capstone Projects

Patients are often placed under non-pharmacologic orders such as fluid restrictions during their hospital stay. The following article will discuss a plan to implement a change to have patients take a more active role in their plan of care by being the main ones to monitor their fluid intake.


Pcos Lifestyle Management Change Project, Elizabeth King 2020 University of Texas at Tyler

Pcos Lifestyle Management Change Project, Elizabeth King

MSN Capstone Projects

This paper proposes the Lifestyle Modification Change Project to help fulfill this lack of education and emphasis on lifestyle modifications that occurs with patients diagnosed with PCOS. This change project would include a 16-week lifestyle modification program that would evaluate pre- and post- participation data including: BMI, weight, inches, testosterone levels, menstrual cycle regularity numbers, and quality of life questionnaire.


Aging: The Impact Of Diet And Inflammation, Morgan Wiland-Gress 2020 Otterbein University

Aging: The Impact Of Diet And Inflammation, Morgan Wiland-Gress

Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

The immune system is a complex cohesive network. It requires every cell to work efficiently at maintaining homeostasis. It also prevents and repairs damage from internal and external pathogens. Recent research has focused on the concept of inflammaging, which is defined as age-related changes that occur in the immune system leading to dysfunction. The current understanding is that inflammaging contributes to the development of chronic diseases including; Type II Diabetes, Cardiovascular disease, Cancer, autoimmune disorders, neurological disorders, Alzheimer and Parkinson’s disease. The underlying pathophysiology of inflammaging is chronic inflammation and the imbalance of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory mediators. This imbalance ...


Self-Management And Quality Of Life In Young Adults After Healthcare Transition, Jennifer Herbert 2020 DePaul University

Self-Management And Quality Of Life In Young Adults After Healthcare Transition, Jennifer Herbert

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

The transition from pediatric to adult healthcare has become healthcare concern of increasing importance as more adolescents with chronic conditions survive to adulthood requiring continuing care. In order to understand the current status of healthcare transition (HCT), we identified the HCT services received by young adults, their existing healthcare self-management skills and how skills correlated with their quality of life. A correlational and retrospective cross-sectional online survey of English-speaking young adults in the United States ages 18-26 with at least one pediatrically diagnosed chronic condition was conducted August-October 2019. Participants completed a healthcare transition feedback survey, the TRANSITION-Q self-management skills ...


Improving Care For Homeless Young Adults: A Shelter Client And Health Service Provider Perspective, Kenya Kawanee Hemingway 2020 DePaul University

Improving Care For Homeless Young Adults: A Shelter Client And Health Service Provider Perspective, Kenya Kawanee Hemingway

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

The purpose of this study was to determine if the healthcare needs of homeless young adults from the client, shelter staff, and shelter healthcare provider’s perspectives. Data was collected via focus group with homeless unaccompanied young adults (n=4), and an online survey with shelter staff and healthcare staff (n=8) of The Night Ministry (TNM) and Ignite Promise. The focus group was recorded, transcribed, and coded for themes. Inductive analysis revealed themes focused on improving the quality of services provided. Based on the findings, recommendations include assessing the needs of homeless unaccompanied young adults from their perspective utilizing ...


Solutions To Address Frequent Hospital Attendance, Glenda Sundberg 2020 Department of Family Medicine, Aurora UW Medical Group, Advocate Aurora Health

Solutions To Address Frequent Hospital Attendance, Glenda Sundberg

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

In this editorial, practical solutions and considerations in helping the most complex and at-risk patients in our health systems are discussed. These patients, sometimes referred to as health care “super-utilizers” in the literature, tend to be frequently seen and cared for in costly hospital and emergency department settings. Innovative care models that aim to bridge system gaps, achieve better health outcomes, and improve the well-being of both patients and providers are needed and should continue to be explored.


How Do Acculturation, Maternal Connectedness, And Mother-Daughter Sexual Communication Affect Asian American Daughters’ Sexual Initiation, BoRam Kim, Yurun Cai, Teri Aronowitz 2020 University of Massachusetts Boston

How Do Acculturation, Maternal Connectedness, And Mother-Daughter Sexual Communication Affect Asian American Daughters’ Sexual Initiation, Boram Kim, Yurun Cai, Teri Aronowitz

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Purpose: There was a growth of approximately ten million Asian Americans individuals in the United States between 2000-2015. Asian Americans have conservative values surrounding sexual health and sexual communication is a cultural taboo. Researchers have shown discrepancies on whether the level of acculturation influences Asian mother-daughter sexual communication. In other minority populations there is evidence that a connected mother-daughter relationship increases sexual communication and delays sexual initiation. The purpose of this study was to examine whether mother-daughter connectedness and level of acculturation predict sexual communication in turn affecting the age of female Asian emerging adult’s sexual initiation.

Methods: This ...


Building Safe Didactic Dialogues For Action Model: Mobilizing Community With Micronesian Islanders, Connie K. Y. Nguyen-Truong Dr., Jacqueline Leung Dr., Kapiolani Micky, Jennifer I. Nevers 2020 Washington State University College of Nursing in Vancouver

Building Safe Didactic Dialogues For Action Model: Mobilizing Community With Micronesian Islanders, Connie K. Y. Nguyen-Truong Dr., Jacqueline Leung Dr., Kapiolani Micky, Jennifer I. Nevers

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Background: Despite mandates by the United States (U.S.) government to ensure the inclusion of women and minorities in federally funded research, communities of color continue to participate less frequently than non-Latinx Whites. There is limited research that examines maternal health outcomes and early childhood resources. PI have grown substantially in a county in the Pacific Northwest region of the U.S. (from 4,419 to 9,248, of which 52% are female). About 62.7% of PI women are not accessing prenatal care in the first trimester, and this is substantially higher than the national target of 22.1 ...


Geographical Disparity Of Adverse Childhood Experiences And Chronic Diseases In Saudi Arabia, Fahad Alhowaymel 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Geographical Disparity Of Adverse Childhood Experiences And Chronic Diseases In Saudi Arabia, Fahad Alhowaymel

Doctoral Dissertations

Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been linked to numerous negative physical and mental health outcomes and have been shown to increase risk for chronic diseases in adulthood. In Saudi Arabia, few studies have examined ACEs prevalence and their relation to chronic diseases across geographical settings.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine ACEs prevalence and association with chronic diseases across the provinces of Saudi Arabia, and to determine the moderating effect of geographical setting on the ACE-chronic disease relationship.

Methods: A cross-sectional design was used with an existing Saudi national dataset from the National Family Safety Program ...


Coronavirus, Carla Bonczak 2020 Otterbein University

Coronavirus, Carla Bonczak

Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a novel virus that began its virulent spread in China December 2019. Since that time, it has spread worldwide and has affected individuals, business, and educational systems, as well as day to day life. COVID-19 has become a national pandemic. COVID-19 is spread through airborne droplets produced by affected individual that may or may not be symptomatic. Individuals may experience fevers, dry cough, and difficulty breathing. While most individuals with COVID-19 may be able to recover at home, several are requiring hospitalization. If patients are hospitalized, they are placed into an isolation negative air flow room for ...


Evaluation Of Pharmacist- Or Nurse-Driven Long-Acting Insulin Titration Protocol In Adult Primary Care Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, Ruth Manzi, Corinn Martineau, Carmine LaPorta, Mary Muca, Samantha Marrier, Donald Medd, Jennifer Aronson 2020 Maine Medical Center

Evaluation Of Pharmacist- Or Nurse-Driven Long-Acting Insulin Titration Protocol In Adult Primary Care Patients With Type 2 Diabetes, Ruth Manzi, Corinn Martineau, Carmine Laporta, Mary Muca, Samantha Marrier, Donald Medd, Jennifer Aronson

Journal of Maine Medical Center

INTRODUCTION

Studies have supported protocolized insulin titration to optimize insulin therapy. We implemented a long acting insulin titration (LAIT) protocol in a primary care setting to aid patients achieve optimal control of their diabetes. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the performance of the LAIT protocol.

METHODS

This retrospective analysis included patients ≥18 years with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and a hemoglobin A1c (A1C) >8% who were managed as outpatients at clinics within our health care system. We collected demographic and clinical data before and after a patient’s enrollment in the LAIT protocol. Our primary outcome measure ...


Medical Noncompliance In A Pediatric Patient Living In A Single-Parent Household, Lucy Obianuju Norrell 2020 Abilene Christian University

Medical Noncompliance In A Pediatric Patient Living In A Single-Parent Household, Lucy Obianuju Norrell

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Abstract Noncompliance is a patient’s inability to comply with the recommended treatment for their complete recovery from an ailment, while compliance is the extent to which a patient adheres to the provider’s directive, such as medication and orders given. The purpose of this study was to determine if motivational interviewing when applied to noncompliant pediatric patients from single-parent households, would improve global medical compliance in this population as compared to the standard of care at the end of three months. Thirty-two participants were recruited using the homogeneous purposeful sampling. The project employed a mixed-method approach. Fred Kleinsinger’s ...


Wound Healing, Emily Schmitter 2020 Otterbein University

Wound Healing, Emily Schmitter

Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

The topic being presented is wound healing. Wound healing is a pathological process that occurs in three phases: inflammation, proliferation and new tissue formation, and remodeling and maturation. Several factors can affect wound healing such as nutrition status, increased age and health status. Wound healing is relevant to advanced practiced nursing because APNs participate in prevention, assessment, and treatment of wounds. The APN is responsible for teaching diabetic patients about the importance of proper nutrition. The APN must also be able to identify a hard-to-heal wound. And the APN must know how to prevent infection and induce healing in hard-to-heal ...


Analyse Du Contexte Clinique Dans Le Développement Et L’Implantation D’Une Intervention De Soutien Pour Les Familles De Patients Atteints De Lésions Cérébrales Acquises : Une Étude Qualitative, Véronique de Goumoëns, Chantal Grandjean, Daniel Joye, Yann-Olivier Bettex, Philippe Ryvlin, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet 2020 Institut Universitaire de Formation et de Recherche en Soins (IUFRS), Faculté de biologie et de médecine, Université de Lausanne, Lausanne, Suisse

Analyse Du Contexte Clinique Dans Le Développement Et L’Implantation D’Une Intervention De Soutien Pour Les Familles De Patients Atteints De Lésions Cérébrales Acquises : Une Étude Qualitative, Véronique De Goumoëns, Chantal Grandjean, Daniel Joye, Yann-Olivier Bettex, Philippe Ryvlin, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet

Science of Nursing and Health Practices - Science infirmière et pratiques en santé

Introduction: Acquired brain injuries (ABI) are among the leading causes of disability in adults. Supporting the families of patients with ABI is part of good practice, but this is not systematic in Switzerland. Preceding the implementation of a new intervention, an analysis of the contextual factors was carried out. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to describe the perspectives of interdisciplinary management teams concerning the support of these families and to explore the contextual resources and obstacles of the intervention. Methods: A descriptive qualitative research was conducted in a clinical neurosciences department of a tertiary reference hospital. Semi-structured interviews ...


Barriers To Colorectal Cancer Screening In Adults: An Integrative Review, Julie Sanger 2020 Winona State University

Barriers To Colorectal Cancer Screening In Adults: An Integrative Review, Julie Sanger

Nursing Masters Papers

Colorectal Cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of death among American men and women. Colorectal cancer is a preventable cancer, with CRC screening recommended from the age of 50. The percentage of people who complete the recommended CRC screening is low. Individuals throughout the United States (US) are rarely offered the opportunity to discuss screening options with their provider and may never complete CRC screening due to multiple barriers. The purpose of this scholarly integrative review is to explore the reasons individuals are not completing CRC screening, including those related to different US populations, and discuss interventions that can ...


A Case For Delirium Risk Prediction Models To Aid In Triaging Resources To Those Most At Risk An Integrative Literature Review, Tammy Perttula 2020 Winona State University

A Case For Delirium Risk Prediction Models To Aid In Triaging Resources To Those Most At Risk An Integrative Literature Review, Tammy Perttula

Nursing Masters Papers

Abstract

Delirium is a complex syndrome resulting from compounding effects of acute illness, comorbidities, and the environment. It results in adverse outcomes: elevated mortality rates, length of stay, readmissions, institutionalization, long-term cognitive changes, and diminished quality of life. The rate of iatrogenic delirium is astounding, ranging from 10%-89%. There are no curative treatments; thus, primary prevention is the key. The purpose of this literature review is to identify and critique the research for the accuracy of risk stratification and feasibility in practice. Support for interventions that prevent delirium is mounting; however, interventions are resource-intensive and often not implemented. Researchers ...


Type One Diabetes Mellitus In Immigrant And Minority Pediatric Populations, Kristina Nielson 2020 Brigham Young University

Type One Diabetes Mellitus In Immigrant And Minority Pediatric Populations, Kristina Nielson

Student Works

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a prevalent chronic illness affecting children and adolescents. Globally, it is estimated that at least 1 million children under the age of 19 years are affected by T1DM. Immigrants and minorities have worse diabetic outcomes than the majority population. The purpose of this article is to identify common challenges in children with T1DM who are part of immigrant or minority populations. Major health challenges for children with T1DM who are immigrants or minorities include issues regarding access to healthcare, communication, and cultural adaptation. Access of children with T1DM to high-quality healthcare and new diabetes ...


Effects Of Standardized Self-Care Behavior Education On Self-Efficacy Outcomes In Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus, Nishita Patolia BSN, RN, DNP Student 2020 University of San Diego

Effects Of Standardized Self-Care Behavior Education On Self-Efficacy Outcomes In Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus, Nishita Patolia Bsn, Rn, Dnp Student

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

An evidence-based practice (EBP) project was implemented in a primary care setting to decrease Hemoglobin A1c (HgbA1c) levels and increase self-efficacy in Type II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) diagnosed individuals. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), 30.3 million adults have diabetes in the United States, and one in four do not know they have it (CDC, 2017). It is a disease that can be managed and reversed with standardized self-management education. Self-management interventions can improve diabetes knowledge and encourage patient participation in caring for their health (Flode, Iversen, Aarflot, & Haltbakk, 2017).

The purpose of this evidence-based project was to improve type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) self-management through nursing education, focusing on self-efficacy and medication adherence guided by the American Association of Diabetes Educators 7 Self-Care Behaviors (AADE7). The objectives were: (a) decrease HgbA1c levels by 0.5% or more and (b) increase self-efficacy by 15% with the use of the Stanford Patient Education Resource Center’s Self-Efficacy for Diabetes questionnaire (SPSE).

Eleven participants were recruited through provider referrals, flyers, and cold calls. Inclusion criteria included a T2DM diagnosis and HgbA1c greater than or equal to 7%. It was a requirement to obtain a HgbA1c level and fill out the SPSE prior to the intervention. Each participant received personalized nurse-led education, which included healthy eating, medication adherence, exercise, healthy coping, and reducing risks.

A total of 10 participants completed the program, including obtaining HgbA1c levels three months postintervention. There was significant improvement in postintervention scores with the mean increasing from 6.16 to 7.8 (Mpre = 6.16, Mpost = 7.80 on 1 – 10 scale; t = 3.697, p < .01). HgbA1c levels decreased in ...


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