Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Public Health and Community Nursing Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,211 Full-Text Articles 1,729 Authors 319,434 Downloads 131 Institutions

All Articles in Public Health and Community Nursing

Faceted Search

1,211 full-text articles. Page 1 of 54.

Utilizing A Stress And Coping Model Into A Preventive Abusive Head Trauma Parent/Caregiver Educational Program, Camile Williams 2021 The University of San Francisco

Utilizing A Stress And Coping Model Into A Preventive Abusive Head Trauma Parent/Caregiver Educational Program, Camile Williams

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Abusive head trauma (AHT) is a serious form of child maltreatment that is the primary cause of fatal head injuries in children younger than 24 months and is the cause for over 50% of severe or fatal traumatic brain injury incidences. These injuries can be caused by impact, shaking, or the combination of shaking and impact. These multi-factorial injuries can cause intracranial and spinal damage, retinal hemorrhages, and fractures of ribs and other bones. The age and severity of injuries will be used to assess the diagnosis of AHT. When AHT occurs, it is often tied to the behavior from ...


The Youthful Pandemic, Brook Sahlemariam 2020 Dominican University of California

The Youthful Pandemic, Brook Sahlemariam

Nursing | Senior Theses

This paper attempts to examine the neurological, physical, and societal effects of e-cigarette use among youth and young-adults in North America. Furthermore, the paper investigates the parallels between e-cigarette users, tobacco users, and dual users in regard to behavioral patterns, reasons for use, and age of initiation.


Decreasing Bias And Improving Education On Non-Invasive Colorectal Screening Methods, Sara H. Hughes 2020 University of Texas at Tyler

Decreasing Bias And Improving Education On Non-Invasive Colorectal Screening Methods, Sara H. Hughes

MSN Capstone Projects

It is estimated that in 2020, nearly 148,000 Americans will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 53,200 Americans will die from colorectal cancer (Siegel et al., 2020). One- half of all cases and deaths are due to modifiable risk factors such as diet and smoking and it has been shown that early screening and detection can greatly decrease the morbidity and mortality of colorectal cancer yet colorectal cancer related deaths still ranks among the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in the United States and the world. Early detection of colorectal cancer is crucial to reducing mortality and although ...


An Appraisal Of Nursing Informatics Research And The Influence Of The Unified Theory Of Acceptance And Use Of Technology, DIODEMISE OVWASA 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

An Appraisal Of Nursing Informatics Research And The Influence Of The Unified Theory Of Acceptance And Use Of Technology, Diodemise Ovwasa

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Abstract

The study recognized the importance of healthcare informatics in today’s dynamic health systems, and narrows down to how nursing informatics, a component of healthcare informatics, can provide efficient and effective healthcare delivery. Hence, underpinned by the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT), the study aimed at situating research activities on nursing informatics within existing studies that have applied the theory to investigate healthcare informatics in general. The study adopted a systematic review of literature to explored online databases: Google Scholar and Ebscohost from 2014 to 2019. The search returned a total of 205 articles for ...


Patient Controlled Fluid Restriction Monitoring, Christina Tindel 2020 University of Texas at Tyler

Patient Controlled Fluid Restriction Monitoring, Christina Tindel

MSN Capstone Projects

Patients are often placed under non-pharmacologic orders such as fluid restrictions during their hospital stay. The following article will discuss a plan to implement a change to have patients take a more active role in their plan of care by being the main ones to monitor their fluid intake.


Improving Care For Homeless Young Adults: A Shelter Client And Health Service Provider Perspective, Kenya Kawanee Hemingway 2020 DePaul University

Improving Care For Homeless Young Adults: A Shelter Client And Health Service Provider Perspective, Kenya Kawanee Hemingway

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

The purpose of this study was to determine if the healthcare needs of homeless young adults from the client, shelter staff, and shelter healthcare provider’s perspectives. Data was collected via focus group with homeless unaccompanied young adults (n=4), and an online survey with shelter staff and healthcare staff (n=8) of The Night Ministry (TNM) and Ignite Promise. The focus group was recorded, transcribed, and coded for themes. Inductive analysis revealed themes focused on improving the quality of services provided. Based on the findings, recommendations include assessing the needs of homeless unaccompanied young adults from their perspective utilizing ...


Dnr No Polst Project, Reanda Scherson 2020 University of San Francisco

Dnr No Polst Project, Reanda Scherson

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: The DNR No POLST project aims to increase the number of physician orders for life-sustaining treatment (POLST) forms completed on hospitalized patients who are designated DNR status. Currently, there is no process for ensuring completion of advanced care planning (ACP) materials, including the POLST form, on designated DNR patients throughout the hospital. Ensuring patients receive a complete and accurate POLST prior to discharge decreases the chance of unwanted overtreatment.

Context: This quality improvement project utilizes regionally trained life care plan (LCP) facilitators to initiate and assist patients and families in the completion of the POLST form. Approximately 70% of ...


Pediatric Bullying Education In Arkansas Baccalaureate Nursing Programs, Jasmine Jackson 2020 Harding University

Pediatric Bullying Education In Arkansas Baccalaureate Nursing Programs, Jasmine Jackson

McNair Scholars Research

Over the years, there has been an ever-increasing spotlight on the issue of bullying among adolescents. Nurses are another adult-figure, in addition to parents and teachers, that can help identify and address bullying if educated properly. The purpose of this study was to examine pediatric bullying education in Arkansas baccalaureate nursing programs. Through the use of a mixed-method approach, the newly created survey was to be completed by one faculty member from each of the 12 BSN programs in Arkansas (12 participants; 6 respondents). The paper describes the quantitative and qualitative data analysis from this non-experimental descriptive pilot study. Results ...


Solutions To Address Frequent Hospital Attendance, Glenda Sundberg 2020 Department of Family Medicine, Aurora UW Medical Group, Advocate Aurora Health

Solutions To Address Frequent Hospital Attendance, Glenda Sundberg

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

In this editorial, practical solutions and considerations in helping the most complex and at-risk patients in our health systems are discussed. These patients, sometimes referred to as health care “super-utilizers” in the literature, tend to be frequently seen and cared for in costly hospital and emergency department settings. Innovative care models that aim to bridge system gaps, achieve better health outcomes, and improve the well-being of both patients and providers are needed and should continue to be explored.


How Do Acculturation, Maternal Connectedness, And Mother-Daughter Sexual Communication Affect Asian American Daughters’ Sexual Initiation, BoRam Kim, Yurun Cai, Teri Aronowitz 2020 University of Massachusetts Boston

How Do Acculturation, Maternal Connectedness, And Mother-Daughter Sexual Communication Affect Asian American Daughters’ Sexual Initiation, Boram Kim, Yurun Cai, Teri Aronowitz

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Purpose: There was a growth of approximately ten million Asian Americans individuals in the United States between 2000-2015. Asian Americans have conservative values surrounding sexual health and sexual communication is a cultural taboo. Researchers have shown discrepancies on whether the level of acculturation influences Asian mother-daughter sexual communication. In other minority populations there is evidence that a connected mother-daughter relationship increases sexual communication and delays sexual initiation. The purpose of this study was to examine whether mother-daughter connectedness and level of acculturation predict sexual communication in turn affecting the age of female Asian emerging adult’s sexual initiation.

Methods: This ...


Building Safe Didactic Dialogues For Action Model: Mobilizing Community With Micronesian Islanders, Connie K. Y. Nguyen-Truong Dr., Jacqueline Leung Dr., Kapiolani Micky, Jennifer I. Nevers 2020 Washington State University College of Nursing in Vancouver

Building Safe Didactic Dialogues For Action Model: Mobilizing Community With Micronesian Islanders, Connie K. Y. Nguyen-Truong Dr., Jacqueline Leung Dr., Kapiolani Micky, Jennifer I. Nevers

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Background: Despite mandates by the United States (U.S.) government to ensure the inclusion of women and minorities in federally funded research, communities of color continue to participate less frequently than non-Latinx Whites. There is limited research that examines maternal health outcomes and early childhood resources. PI have grown substantially in a county in the Pacific Northwest region of the U.S. (from 4,419 to 9,248, of which 52% are female). About 62.7% of PI women are not accessing prenatal care in the first trimester, and this is substantially higher than the national target of 22.1 ...


Geographical Disparity Of Adverse Childhood Experiences And Chronic Diseases In Saudi Arabia, Fahad Alhowaymel 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Geographical Disparity Of Adverse Childhood Experiences And Chronic Diseases In Saudi Arabia, Fahad Alhowaymel

Doctoral Dissertations

Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been linked to numerous negative physical and mental health outcomes and have been shown to increase risk for chronic diseases in adulthood. In Saudi Arabia, few studies have examined ACEs prevalence and their relation to chronic diseases across geographical settings.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine ACEs prevalence and association with chronic diseases across the provinces of Saudi Arabia, and to determine the moderating effect of geographical setting on the ACE-chronic disease relationship.

Methods: A cross-sectional design was used with an existing Saudi national dataset from the National Family Safety Program ...


A School-Based Sexual Health Education Program, Tracy L. Kendall 2020 Abilene Christian University

A School-Based Sexual Health Education Program, Tracy L. Kendall

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A small rural community has high incidence rates of chlamydia (4,751 per 100,000) and gonorrhea (970 per 100,000) in females 15–24 years old. Data obtained from Texas Health and Human Services showed that incidence rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea in females 15–24 years old were higher in Navarro County, Texas, than the state of Texas. Texas schools do not mandate sex health education. There is a gap in school-based sexual health education available to 18- and 19-year-old females residing in this rural community in Texas. The purpose of this research study was to evaluate the ...


An Innovative Approach For Type 2 Diabetes Education, Rachel Domagala 2020 Winona State University

An Innovative Approach For Type 2 Diabetes Education, Rachel Domagala

Nursing DNP Projects

Objective: To improve self-efficacy in patients with type 2 diabetes and a Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of 8% (64 mmol/mol) or greater using an innovative education multidisciplinary approach in a group setting.

Research Design and Methods: Out of 248 patients that were contacted with type 2 diabetes, who had a HbA1c of 8% or greater, five patients from a large clinic in the Midwest agreed to participate in group education. The primary outcome of interest was lowering HbA1c levels to increase the number of patients with type 2 diabetes who meet the community standard of care.

Results: Patients who attended ...


Knowledge Levels, Attitude And Beliefs Of Men Towards The Digital Rectal Examinations (Dre): A Study In Trinidad, Philip C. Onuoha, Gloria Mootoo-Ramdeen, Melany Romany, G La Fleur-Roseman, J Roopnarine, D Diaspia-Murrell, K Martin-boucaud, P Hypolite 2020 The University of the West Indies

Knowledge Levels, Attitude And Beliefs Of Men Towards The Digital Rectal Examinations (Dre): A Study In Trinidad, Philip C. Onuoha, Gloria Mootoo-Ramdeen, Melany Romany, G La Fleur-Roseman, J Roopnarine, D Diaspia-Murrell, K Martin-Boucaud, P Hypolite

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Background: Trinidad and Tobago have been ranked as having one of the highest cancer mortality rates in the Caribbean. Prostate cancer was identified as the most common cancer in men, with a higher mortality than any other cancer. At least 1 in 9 men in Trinidad and Tobago will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine knowledge levels, attitudes, and beliefs of men aged 40 years and over regarding digital rectal examination (DRE). The investigators considered this crucial following the scourge of prostate cancer in Trinidad and Tobago and an ...


Insulin Injection Re-Education For Improved Glycemic Control, Daniela Shon 2020 University of San Diego

Insulin Injection Re-Education For Improved Glycemic Control, Daniela Shon

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Title: Insulin Injection Re-education for Improved Glycemic Control

Background: Patients on insulin therapy often continue to show suboptimal glycemic control. Data from adult patients with T2DM have demonstrated that 56.1% had poor control, despite adherence to treatment, oral and injectable. Poor glycemic control stems from many sources, including poor self-efficacy regarding insulin dosage adjustment, inaccurate insulin dosing, expired insulin, lipohypertrophy of the injection site and technique, and equipment issues.

Purpose: This project aimed to implement and assess the efficacy of re-education in the insulin injection technique for improved glycemic control.

Methods: This project was conducted based on the John ...


Increasing Autism Awareness In The Somali Community, Safiya Ahmed 2020 Augsburg University

Increasing Autism Awareness In The Somali Community, Safiya Ahmed

Theses and Graduate Projects

Autism spectrum disorder has become more prevalent in recent years, especially in the Somali community in Minneapolis. Early detection, diagnosis and interventions are essential for children with this disorder. A recent study on the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder in Minneapolis, Minnesota reported that Somali children not only have the highest prevalence of this disorder among all races and ethnicity but also receive late diagnosis and interventions. A comprehensive literature review identified lack of awareness, cultural stigma, and difficulty to access services as barriers for early diagnosis and interventions for Somali children. The literature also supported the importance of early ...


Mental Health Screening For Low Income Adolescents: An Evidence-Based Project, Allison Bryden 2020 University of San Diego

Mental Health Screening For Low Income Adolescents: An Evidence-Based Project, Allison Bryden

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

TITLE: Mental Health Screening For Low-Income Adolescents

BACKGROUND: Nearly 80% of adolescents in the United States will suffer from a mental illness and not receive evaluation or services. Children from low socio-economic backgrounds have an increased risk of mental health disorders which permeate into adulthood, leading to additional negative sequel and lower quality of life. Among adolescent mental health conditions, depression and anxiety are the most common. Literature has suggested provider intuition alone has low sensitivity and specificity for detecting mental illness and that screening tools are indicated.

PURPOSE: The aim of this project is to implement standardized routine ...


Screening For Iron-Deficiency Anemia In The Pediatric Population (Ages 1-17) In Gonaïves, Haiti, Cara Rose Fratianni 2020 University of San Diego

Screening For Iron-Deficiency Anemia In The Pediatric Population (Ages 1-17) In Gonaïves, Haiti, Cara Rose Fratianni

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this pilot project is to screen for iron-deficiency anemia in pediatric patients (ages 1-17) in a primary school in Gonaïves, Haiti. Patients with anemia will be treated with oral supplemental iron for a period of four weeks according to WHO guidelines (WHO, 2011). All students will be treated empirically for helminths per WHO guidelines, unless treated elsewhere in the last six months (WHO, 2017). Nutritional status will also be assessed using MUAC according to WHO guidelines (2017).

Background Summary: Malnutrition contributes significantly to the problem of iron-deficiency anemia, with one in four children exhibiting stunting ...


Transforming Clinical Care Through Sexual Wellness Education For Community College Students, Chelsea Ovanek 2020 University of San Diego

Transforming Clinical Care Through Sexual Wellness Education For Community College Students, Chelsea Ovanek

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

Title: Transforming Clinical Care Through Sexual Wellness Education for Community College Students

Statement of the Problem: Unintended pregnancy remains a serious public health challenge throughout the world (World Health Organization [WHO], 2018). College-aged students continue to be a vulnerable population for this health issue, with estimates that 1 in 5 women will give birth before age twenty and 80% of those pregnancies unintended (Guttmacher Institute, 2019). Despite the statistics, approximately 40% of college students have received formal education on unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), or effective contraception use (Diedrich, Klein, & Peipert, 2017). According to the World Health Organization ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress