Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Public Health and Community Nursing Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

830 Full-Text Articles 1149 Authors 201433 Downloads 104 Institutions

All Articles in Public Health and Community Nursing

Faceted Search

830 full-text articles. Page 1 of 36.

Most Effective Interventions For Disaster Relief Preparation, Elizabeth Keating, Faith Edwards, Cheryl Swanson PhD, RN 2018 Oral Roberts University

Most Effective Interventions For Disaster Relief Preparation, Elizabeth Keating, Faith Edwards, Cheryl Swanson Phd, Rn

Nursing Undergraduate Work

Because disasters are sometimes unpredictable and difficult to measure, it is exceedingly important to have properly trained healthcare professionals that are prepared for a variety of natural and manmade crises. Victims affected by disasters may be numerous and have severe injuries, but nurses, as first-responders, with proper education and experience can drastically reduce the amount of casualties in a particular disaster. However, it is clear that nurses currently feel unprepared in the event of a natural or manmade disaster, and therefore need more training and preparation for such occurrences. This systematic research review set out to find the most effective ...


Diabetes Disparities In African Americans: A Cry For Help To Primary Care Providers, Pandora Goode 2018 University of North Carolina in Greensboro

Diabetes Disparities In African Americans: A Cry For Help To Primary Care Providers, Pandora Goode

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Diabetes is a national public health problem. Low socioeconomic status influence access to quality care for African Americans with Diabetes who must rely on government assisted insurance or are uninsured. Inadequate access and poor quality care for African Americans contributes to increased morbidity and negative health outcomes. This manuscript will examine the existence of diabetes disparities in African Americans pertaining to the role of low socioeconomic status, access, and poor quality care, and suggest some practical strategies for reducing diabetes disparities in this population.


What’S In A Name: Performance Improvement, Evidence-Based Practice, And Research?, Andrea Prentiss, Eve Butler 2018 Baptist Hospital of Miami, Miami Cancer Institute

What’S In A Name: Performance Improvement, Evidence-Based Practice, And Research?, Andrea Prentiss, Eve Butler

Nursing & Health Sciences Research Journal

No abstract provided.


Exploring The Influence Of The Peer Educator Role On Physical Activity, Exercise Patterns, Physical Fitness, Daily Functioning, And Health Harming Habits In People Living With Hiv, Stephanie Jen, Jacob Wait, Amanda Pedrazoli, Kenneisha Edmonds 2018 Old Dominion University

Exploring The Influence Of The Peer Educator Role On Physical Activity, Exercise Patterns, Physical Fitness, Daily Functioning, And Health Harming Habits In People Living With Hiv, Stephanie Jen, Jacob Wait, Amanda Pedrazoli, Kenneisha Edmonds

Undergraduate Research Symposium

With the progression of standardized HIV treatment and antiretroviral drugs, the outcomes for people living with HIV (PLHIV) have improved from a death sentence to a manageable chronic disease. Although PLHIV are living longer than before, they experience multi-morbidities more frequently and earlier than persons without HIV. These morbidities, such as type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and obesity, are associated with sedentary lifestyles. It is well-established in the research of the general population that regular physical activity is a health promotion behavior that can prevent and/or mitigate the onset and severity of chronic diseases. Also recent meta-analyses have linked exercise ...


Individualized Treatment And Understanding The Non-Pharmacologic Components That Are Part Of Recovery, Gerardo Gonzalez MD, Lindsey Silva RN, MSN, Susan Halpin 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Individualized Treatment And Understanding The Non-Pharmacologic Components That Are Part Of Recovery, Gerardo Gonzalez Md, Lindsey Silva Rn, Msn, Susan Halpin

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

Learn about the non-pharmacologic components of recovery. When developing individualized treatment plans, what factors are considered? The Medical Director and the Director of Quality and Compliance for Washburn House, a new treatment facility in Worcester, Massachusetts, will share their stories of starting a new treatment facility, and the challenges of putting evidence-based practices into practical use.

Learning Objectives: Individualized Treatment and Understanding the non-pharmacologic Components that are Part of Recovery

  • Understand the rationale and treatment options for managed withdrawal of a patient with opioid use disorder
  • Understand the rationale and treatment options for Medication Assisted Treatment in a patient with ...


Improving Early Sepsis Identification On Inpatient Units, Yee Yang 2017 The University of San Francisco

Improving Early Sepsis Identification On Inpatient Units, Yee Yang

Master's Projects and Capstones

Sepsis is a serious complication caused by an overwhelming immune response to infection that affect millions of people worldwide each year. Sepsis is a time sensitive illness that requires early identification and quick interventions to improve patient outcomes. This quality improvement project includes a team of clinical nurse leader (CNL) students and gathering information on the nursing compliance of the sepsis protocol at a large metropolitan hospital. The observations on different inpatient units and chart review conducted at the large metropolitan hospital led to increased awareness of gaps that prolong the identification of sepsis among patients; also to the creation ...


Lost In Translation, Daniel Pena 2017 The University of San Francisco

Lost In Translation, Daniel Pena

Master's Projects and Capstones

At the conclusion of a patient’s hospitalization the Registered Nurse (RN) will review all discharge instructions in the patients room in their preferred language. Plan time for the discharge and facilitate a calm quiet environment, such as the patient’s room with the door closed, if possible. Get the discharge instructions printed out in their preferred language and a set for yourself in English would be best so you are able to review the instructions line by line with them. When the patients medical team, such as but not limited to, medical doctors, pharmacists, physical therapists, and social work ...


Data Aggregation Reporting Tool For Implementation In Home Health Fall Reduction Program, Jose Alberto Cruz 2017 University of San Francisco

Data Aggregation Reporting Tool For Implementation In Home Health Fall Reduction Program, Jose Alberto Cruz

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Falls are a major preventable problem in healthcare that affects people of all ages but disproportionately affects the frail and elderly. Fall reduction programs play a significant role in reducing falls and fall related injuries and are a critical component in Home Health settings. This project takes place in a home health and hospice services agency. The purpose of the project consisted of aggregating fall data for benchmarking metrics to bring the agency’s Fall Reduction Program closer to compliance with state and national fall prevention guidelines. Two hundred and three fall event reports were analyzed and a problem ...


Vietnamese American Women’S Beliefs And Perceptions On Cervical Cancer, Cervical Cancer Screening, And Cancer Prevention Vaccines: A Community-Based Participatory Study, Connie Kim Yen Nguyen-Truong, Kim Quy Vo Nguyen, Thai Hien Nguyen, Tuong Vy Le, Anthony My Truong, Keara Rodela, Rachael Allan 2017 Washington State University College of Nursing in Vancouver

Vietnamese American Women’S Beliefs And Perceptions On Cervical Cancer, Cervical Cancer Screening, And Cancer Prevention Vaccines: A Community-Based Participatory Study, Connie Kim Yen Nguyen-Truong, Kim Quy Vo Nguyen, Thai Hien Nguyen, Tuong Vy Le, Anthony My Truong, Keara Rodela, Rachael Allan

Asian/Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Cervical cancer remains commonly diagnosed in Vietnamese American women. Despite efforts to increase cervical cancer screening among Vietnamese American women, participation rates are persistently lower than the national goal. The objective of this study is to explore beliefs of Vietnamese American women about cervical cancer, cervical cancer screening, and cancer prevention vaccines. A qualitative descriptive investigation captured group perceptions about meaning and beliefs of cervical cancer, screening, and cancer prevention vaccines, and participants’ stories using a community-based participatory research approach.

Forty Vietnamese American women were recruited from the Portland, Oregon metropolitan area into four focus groups. Using a process of ...


Openpediatrics: Integrating Technology Into Pediatric Healthcare Education, Marisa Albert 2017 University of Rhode Island

Openpediatrics: Integrating Technology Into Pediatric Healthcare Education, Marisa Albert

Senior Honors Projects

In contemporary times, the dissemination of knowledge across specialties has become convenient through the use of computer technology and the internet. Technology has been integrated into educational systems worldwide and has become invaluable in the advancement of healthcare. Nursing practice and education has utilized modern technology as a resource for continuing education such as through the use of online RN-BSN programs and sharing improvements in healthcare practice. A great part of a nursing student’s education is understanding the importance of a nurse’s professional commitment to lifelong learning by utilizing critical thinking skills to support evidence-based practice to improve ...


Self-Management As A Mediator Of The Relationship Between Social Support And Health Outcomes Of African American Adults With Type 2 Diabetes., Tariq N. Al-Dwaikat 2017 University of Louisville

Self-Management As A Mediator Of The Relationship Between Social Support And Health Outcomes Of African American Adults With Type 2 Diabetes., Tariq N. Al-Dwaikat

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is often associated with serious complications. African American adults have higher rates of diabetes-related complications than other ethnicities. Diabetes self-management reduces the risk of developing biological and psychological symptoms. Social support promotes positive behavior change and self-management that leads to improved biobehavioral and psychosocial outcomes. Few studies explored the relationship between social support dimensions and self-management behaviors, diabetes biomarkers, and psychosocial outcomes of African American adults with T2D. The purpose of this dissertation was to examine the relationships of various dimensions of social support with self-management behaviors and diabetes biomarkers and psychosocial outcomes of African American ...


A Quality Improvement Initiative To Increase Statin Therapy Adherence Among Patients With Diabetes Aged 65 Years And Older, Kelly Nunemaker 2017 University of the Incarnate Word

A Quality Improvement Initiative To Increase Statin Therapy Adherence Among Patients With Diabetes Aged 65 Years And Older, Kelly Nunemaker

Doctor of Nursing Practice

The purpose of this project was to improve statin therapy adherence among diabetic patients aged 65 and older treated at a small family practice clinic in western San Antonio. Additionally, the project aimed to decrease LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in this patient population as recommended to 70 mg/dl or less. Diabetic patients are more likely to die from a cardiac event than patients without diabetes. Statin therapy is an important factor in lowering cholesterol, which reduces the patient’s risk for atherosclerosis. Educating patients aged 65 and older about the role of statin therapy in preventing cardiovascular events, stroke ...


The Relationship Of Religion, Religiosity, And Parental Communication In The Sexual Behaviors Of Filipinos Aged 18-25 Years In The United States And The Philippines, Ivy C. Tuason, Racidon Bernarte, Fanglong Dong 2017 Western University of Health Sciences

The Relationship Of Religion, Religiosity, And Parental Communication In The Sexual Behaviors Of Filipinos Aged 18-25 Years In The United States And The Philippines, Ivy C. Tuason, Racidon Bernarte, Fanglong Dong

Asian/Pacific Island Nursing Journal

This cross-sectional survey research aims to explore and compare the relationship of religion, religiosity, and parental communication to the sexual behaviors of Filipinos aged 18-25 years in the United States and the Philippines. The Duke University Religion Index and Parent-Teen Sexual Risk Communication Scale-III was used to measure religiosity and parental communication. There were 130 participants living in the United States and 247 living in the Philippines included in this study. Among respondents from the Philippines, low levels of parental communication were associated with an increased report for the lack of condom use during the last intercourse. Catholics had a ...


Impact Of Hpv Education On Knowledge, Perception, And Cultural Influence Among African American Parents, Christina Lattner, Christina Lattner 2017 DePaul University

Impact Of Hpv Education On Knowledge, Perception, And Cultural Influence Among African American Parents, Christina Lattner, Christina Lattner

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV), the sexually transmitted virus that causes cervical and penial cancer can be prevented. An effective vaccine has been approved for both boys and girls since 2006. Despite recommendation from the Center of Disease Control, vaccination initiation and completion rates among African American adolescents in the United States are lower than average in the nation.

Objectives: The purpose of this descriptive survey study was to identify African-American parents’ knowledge and perceptions of sexually transmitted HPV infection and the HPV vaccination. The secondary objective was to use a single-group pre-test post-test research design to examine ...


College Students, Experiences On Smart Phone Technology Usage: A Qualitative Content Analysis Study, fatemeh jafarzadeh-kenarsari, parand pourghane 2017 Medical Education Research Center (MERC), Education Development Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

College Students, Experiences On Smart Phone Technology Usage: A Qualitative Content Analysis Study, Fatemeh Jafarzadeh-Kenarsari, Parand Pourghane

The Qualitative Report

Besides many benefits of the cell phone technology, numerous arguments are raised on the different and important negative effects of such a technology. This qualitative content analysis study explored the common usages of smart phone technology, its challenges, and benefits among Iranian college students. Participants were 32 bachelor degree students who were recruited using purposive sampling method with maximum variation. Data were collected through 11 individual semi-structured interviews and 3 focus group discussions (5-8 students in each group). Data analysis was done based on a conventional content analysis approach. Data analysis resulted in 3 main themes and 12 sub-themes. The ...


Mālama Nā Makua I Nā Keiki Me Ka Hānō: Native Hawaiian Parents Caring For Their Children With Asthma, May K. Kealoha, Merle Kataoka-Yahiro 2017 Kapiolani Community College

Mālama Nā Makua I Nā Keiki Me Ka Hānō: Native Hawaiian Parents Caring For Their Children With Asthma, May K. Kealoha, Merle Kataoka-Yahiro

Asian/Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Native Hawaiian children have the highest prevalence rate of asthma among all ethnicities in the State of Hawai‘i. Literature is limited regarding native Hawaiian parents’ perception and experience caring for their children with asthma. The purpose of this study is to explore contemporary native Hawaiian parents’ perspective and experience of caring for their children with asthma in the context of uncertainty. We applied a descriptive qualitative approach by means of directed content analysis using focus groups. Directed content analysis applied Mishel’s Uncertainty in Illness Theory to guide data collection, organization, and analysis. We found that parents’ personal stories ...


Unrecognized Epidemic Kills Farmers, M. Susan Jones, Deborah B. Reed, Matthew L. Hunt 2017 Western Kentucky University

Unrecognized Epidemic Kills Farmers, M. Susan Jones, Deborah B. Reed, Matthew L. Hunt

Nursing Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Perceived Knowledge And Perceptions Of Palliative Care Among Advanced Practice Cardiac Providers, Jordan Vance 2017 Liberty University

Perceived Knowledge And Perceptions Of Palliative Care Among Advanced Practice Cardiac Providers, Jordan Vance

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

Providers of healthcare have continued to focus on addressing patients’ chronic health outcomes. When understanding how to manage chronic disease, there remains many opportunities in facilitation of better management. With such a wide range of individuals who suffer with a chronic condition, better management to address this population is essential. Palliative care aids in accomplishing this task. It was seen that there was a lack of education in relation to palliative care, with perceptions that continued to be a barrier to the utilization of the service. Due to the lack in education, the strongest barrier to palliative care service utilization ...


Exploration And Description Of Faith Community Nurses’ Documentation Practices And Perceived Documentation Barriers., Susan M. Dyess, Donna M. Callaghan, Andra S. Opalinski Dr. 2017 Texas A & M University Corpus Christi

Exploration And Description Of Faith Community Nurses’ Documentation Practices And Perceived Documentation Barriers., Susan M. Dyess, Donna M. Callaghan, Andra S. Opalinski Dr.

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

Purpose: Documentation within Faith Community Nursing is an expected aspect of the professional specialty but is under-studied. Findings in previously published studies suggest there is a lack of consistent documentation practices among FCNs. Therefore, the aim of this research study was to explore and describe documentation practices of FCNs, and identify the perceived barriers to documentation.

Methodology: This mixed methods research had both qualitative and quantitative components. The qualitative inquiry involved three live focus groups and three telephonic key informant interviews (n = 28). Conventional content analysis was used to examine all qualitative data. The quantitative inquiry involved a survey that ...


General Nutrition Knowledge And Perceived Stress In A Rural Female Faith Community, Lori Alexander, M. Laurie Branstetter DNP 2017 Western Kentucky University

General Nutrition Knowledge And Perceived Stress In A Rural Female Faith Community, Lori Alexander, M. Laurie Branstetter Dnp

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

In rural America, high rates of obesity are influenced by a lack of education and limited community resources. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of an educational intervention on recommended nutrition and body mass index knowledge and to describe the perceived stress in a rural female faith community. A quantitative quasi-experimental pre-test post-test research design was used. English speaking female participants (N=49) 18 years of age and older from two rural community churches received an educational intervention based on the Health Belief Model. Participants completed a demographic survey, self-reported height and weight, general nutrition knowledge ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress