Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Public Health and Community Nursing Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

850 Full-Text Articles 1,193 Authors 201,433 Downloads 109 Institutions

All Articles in Public Health and Community Nursing

Faceted Search

850 full-text articles. Page 1 of 37.

An Assessment Of Maternal Mortality In Papua New Guinea: An Explanatory Sequential Mixed Methods Approach, Jennifer Litau 2018 Pacific Adventist University

An Assessment Of Maternal Mortality In Papua New Guinea: An Explanatory Sequential Mixed Methods Approach, Jennifer Litau

Adventist Human-Subject Researchers Association

Research into the serious manifestation of maternal mortality in Papua New Guinea is essential for formative knowledge and intervention. Explanatory sequential mixed methods approach employed first involved SPSS analyses of Gulf Provincial Hospital’s obstetric data revealing high rates of home deliveries by mothers. Interviews in high incidence communities provided explanations and mortality experiences.


Advanced Access: Creating An Infrastructure For Success In Primary Care, Kimberly D. Perris 2018 University of San Francisco School of Nursing and Health Professions

Advanced Access: Creating An Infrastructure For Success In Primary Care, Kimberly D. Perris

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

The Humboldt Independent Practice Association (IPA) has sought to improve the health of Humboldt County through practice transformation efforts. To date, Humboldt IPA’s primary care practice, the Priority Care Center, is building a foundation toward an Advanced Access model of care with an overarching aim of effectively improving access to quality care in Humboldt County. The 10 Building Blocks of High Performing Primary Care Practices framework set the stage for the intervention and was used as a roadmap to build an infrastructure for success. Team-based care was highlighted as the project relied on having systems and processes that empower ...


Book Review: Surrogacy: A Human Rights Violation By Renate Klein, Sheela Saravanan 2018 Heidelberg University

Book Review: Surrogacy: A Human Rights Violation By Renate Klein, Sheela Saravanan

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Oral Health Literacy In Parents And Care Providers Of Young Children, Rachel Nye 2018 Northern Michigan University

Oral Health Literacy In Parents And Care Providers Of Young Children, Rachel Nye

DNP Scholarly Projects

Tooth decay ranks first as the most common chronic disease in childhood (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [HHS], 2000). In addition to the morbidity directly related to cavities, there are a myriad of other systemic implications of this disease. The purpose of the study was to determine baseline oral health literacy levels for a sample of pediatric caregivers living in the Upper Peninsula and to determine the impact of a community based education program on these levels. The program was offered at three locations. A paired sample t-test of sixty-four complete data sets demonstrated a statistically significant ...


Pornography As A Public Health Issue: Promoting Violence And Exploitation Of Children, Youth, And Adults, Elisabeth Taylor 2018 Center for Human Dignity, United Against Sexual Exploitation

Pornography As A Public Health Issue: Promoting Violence And Exploitation Of Children, Youth, And Adults, Elisabeth Taylor

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

The pornography industry is expanding exponentially as a result of ongoing technological advances. The ability to stream videos over the internet and the ubiquity of the smart phone have meant that pornography producers are able to use algorithms to target potential consumers, to cultivate new sexual tastes and to deliver content to a more diverse audience over mobile devices. The advent of virtual reality pornography with interactive sex toys and sex robots imbued with artificial intelligence promises to unleash a further step-change in the extent to which pornography influences ‘real-world’ sexual culture. The critical analysis of pornography undertaken over decades ...


Empower: A Community-Based Approach To Improve Care For Women And Newborns Affected By Perinatal Substance Use Disorder, Linda Jablonski, Susan Marie Halpin 2018 Baystate Health

Empower: A Community-Based Approach To Improve Care For Women And Newborns Affected By Perinatal Substance Use Disorder, Linda Jablonski, Susan Marie Halpin

National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository

New England has the second highest rate of prenatal opioid exposure in the country. This population of women and children is particularly vulnerable and requires a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach in order to overcome barriers to care and support good outcomes. This webinar will describe how one rural community collaborated to create a screening, referral and support program called EMPOWER (Engaging Mothers for Positive Outcomes with Early Referrals). Learn how this innovative approach helps support women and improve outcomes by identifying and addressing barriers to care for patients, health care providers and their community.

Learning Objectives

Participants will:

  1. Recognize how prenatal ...


Most Effective Interventions For Disaster Relief Preparation, Elizabeth Keating, Faith Edwards, Cheryl Swanson PhD, RN 2018 Oral Roberts University

Most Effective Interventions For Disaster Relief Preparation, Elizabeth Keating, Faith Edwards, Cheryl Swanson Phd, Rn

Nursing Undergraduate Work

Because disasters are sometimes unpredictable and difficult to measure, it is exceedingly important to have properly trained healthcare professionals that are prepared for a variety of natural and manmade crises. Victims affected by disasters may be numerous and have severe injuries, but nurses, as first-responders, with proper education and experience can drastically reduce the amount of casualties in a particular disaster. However, it is clear that nurses currently feel unprepared in the event of a natural or manmade disaster, and therefore need more training and preparation for such occurrences. This systematic research review set out to find the most effective ...


Sexually Transmitted Infection Risk Reduction For College Students, Mary Kathryn Dowling 2018 California State University, Northern California Consortium Doctor of Nursing Practice

Sexually Transmitted Infection Risk Reduction For College Students, Mary Kathryn Dowling

Doctoral Projects

University students have been assessed through many sexual health lenses, but there is a paucity of research on the sexual health of community college students. This population may provide good access to at-risk youth, and opportunity to reverse steep climbs in sexually transmitted infection (STI) rates. This research project pilot tests a theory-based intervention employing social facilitation to reduce STI risk among college students. Fifty students were recruited from Human Sexuality courses to participate in a 60-minute workshop. Pre- and post-testing measured for change in STI knowledge, attitude towards safer sex, and self-efficacy for engaging in safer sex practices.

A ...


Evidence-Based Study Of Medication Compliance Project In Hiv Prevention Using Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) Antivirals For Hiv-Negative Males, Ming-Chun Ho 2018 California State University, Northern California Consortium Doctor of Nursing Practice

Evidence-Based Study Of Medication Compliance Project In Hiv Prevention Using Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) Antivirals For Hiv-Negative Males, Ming-Chun Ho

Doctoral Projects

In 2012, emtricitabine/tenofovir was the only Food and Drug Administration-approved medication for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) used in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention. To date, there is little research on open-label and mixed-payer characteristics supporting medication compliance of men who have sex with men (MSM). The purpose of this research was to describe individual demographic variables associated with PrEP medication adherence and to examine the effect of a follow-up phone call from a nurse once a month for 3 months. A total of 30 MSM were recruited and data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, medication adherence tool and follow-up ...


Can Using A Smartphone Application Improve The Ability Of Law Enforcement Officers To Recognize Commercially Sexually Exploited Children And Report Them To Child Welfare Authorities?, Sheree Goldman 2018 California State University, Northern California Consortium Doctor of Nursing Practice

Can Using A Smartphone Application Improve The Ability Of Law Enforcement Officers To Recognize Commercially Sexually Exploited Children And Report Them To Child Welfare Authorities?, Sheree Goldman

Doctoral Projects

The commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is a crime of abuse that is frequently unrecognized because mandated reporters may be unfamiliar with the indicators. Commercially sexually exploited minors participate in sex acts in exchange for money, goods, or services. At least 200,000 American children are believed to be victims of this crime each year (County Welfare Director Association of California, 2015). Victims often go undiscovered and experience significant health issues. A public health model is used to explain the context of victimization and the need for interdisciplinary collaboration to discover victims and connect them with needed services. A ...


Elementary School Teachers’ Student Health Concerns And Knowledge Of Resources, Aubrey Gahagan 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Elementary School Teachers’ Student Health Concerns And Knowledge Of Resources, Aubrey Gahagan

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Teachers are with their students an average of seven to 10 hours a day, five days a week. The substantial amount of time teachers spend with their students allows them to provide helpful insight into health problems children face. The purpose of this study was to identify elementary school teachers’ concerns for student health and to assess their knowledge of resources that address those health concerns. A convenient sample of 86 teachers from three elementary schools in Northwest Arkansas was surveyed. Surveys were used to identify the three main concerns teachers have for their students. A cross-sectional design was used ...


An Exploration Of Barriers To Health Care Access Among Uninsured Patients: Using The Moderating Effect Of Patients’ Enablement, Enedelia Jessup 2018 Abilene Christian University

An Exploration Of Barriers To Health Care Access Among Uninsured Patients: Using The Moderating Effect Of Patients’ Enablement, Enedelia Jessup

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT On March 23, 2010, Congress passed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) to increase value of care, improve clinical outcomes, decrease health care costs, and increase affordability in health care access. The purpose of the study attempts to examine the moderating effects of patient enablement impacting barriers, low socio economic status, and unmet basic needs, toward health care access in uninsured populations post ACA. Only certain aspects of patient enablement in self-management of an individual’s health care goals have been conducted with uninsured populations with barriers toward health care access. The research design was a quantitative ...


Factors Associated With Household Contacts' Tuberculosis Testing And Evaluation, Elvy G. Barroso 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Factors Associated With Household Contacts' Tuberculosis Testing And Evaluation, Elvy G. Barroso

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Contact investigation (CI) is one of the core elements of tuberculosis (TB) control. It is intended to achieve early identification of contacts who may have been exposed to a patient with infectious active TB and contacts who may benefit from treatment for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). LTBI is an infection in which the Mycobacterium tuberculosis organisms cause no signs and symptoms but the infection can be reactivated and develop into full-blown active TB disease. Failure to be identified as a contact is the primary reason for disease development in more than half of TB patients, thus a complete and timely ...


Development And Validation Of A Silhouette Scale To Measure African-American Mothers’ Perception Of The Body Size Of Their Two To Four Year Old Children, Joan Buckley 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Development And Validation Of A Silhouette Scale To Measure African-American Mothers’ Perception Of The Body Size Of Their Two To Four Year Old Children, Joan Buckley

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Background: In the United States (U.S.), the Center for Disease Control (2011 – 2014) reported that one-third of adults and 17% of children between the ages of two and nineteen are obese. Obesity in the U.S. is higher in the African-American groups comprising 13.2 % of the U.S. population. With the link between obesity and chronic diseases, such as, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and some cancers there is a necessity to understand and reverse the consequences of obesity. There is a need to change the development of obesity/adiposity from childhood to adulthood in African-Americans. Exploring the parent ...


Nutrition Education Interventions For Children, Emily A. Didylowski 2018 The College at Brockport

Nutrition Education Interventions For Children, Emily A. Didylowski

Senior Honors Theses

The purpose of this review is to summarize current approaches to educating children on nutrition. This review will attempt to define what an ideal nutritional education program should look like in the future, based on the most current evidence.


Maternal Obesity And Fetal Macrosomia: An Integrative Review Of The Literature Regarding Interventions, Charity Stalcup 2018 Liberty University

Maternal Obesity And Fetal Macrosomia: An Integrative Review Of The Literature Regarding Interventions, Charity Stalcup

Senior Honors Theses

Research suggests pre-pregnancy obesity is associated with an increased risk of macrosomia in the newborn. Since women are expected to gain weight during pregnancy, the standard recommendation of weight loss for obesity is not ideal for this population. In this systematic review of the literature regarding interventions for maternal obesity to reduce fetal macrosomia, 149 articles were screened using three different databases to identify recent randomized controlled trials related to this topic. A total of 11 full text articles were analyzed and included in the review. The articles addressed nutritional, lifestyle, and pharmacological interventions. The results indicated there is currently ...


Comparing The Side Effects Of Prescription Opioids And Medicinal Marijuana In The Treatment Of Chronic Pain, Callie Glenn, Ryan Bopp 2018 Carroll College - Helena

Comparing The Side Effects Of Prescription Opioids And Medicinal Marijuana In The Treatment Of Chronic Pain, Callie Glenn, Ryan Bopp

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Opioids are medications that interact with receptors in the central nervous system to provide pain relief, and have been a standard foundation for treatment of chronic pain since their discovery. But advancements in medical technology have led to the discovery of several alternatives to narcotics, one being medical marijuana. Cannabis has become increasingly pertinent in the medical field due to the medicinal and recreational legalization of the substance in several states. The purpose of this Evidence Based Practice Brief is to determine how the side effects of medical marijuana compared to those of opioid treatment affect quality of life for ...


Comprehensive Sex Education Vs. Abstinence-Only Sex Education In Preventing Teen Pregnancy, Alicia Phan, Madeline Spickard 2018 Carroll College

Comprehensive Sex Education Vs. Abstinence-Only Sex Education In Preventing Teen Pregnancy, Alicia Phan, Madeline Spickard

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Teen pregnancy is an issue that continues to threaten and be discussed within our nation’s educational, political, and public health institutions. Compared to other modern nations in the world, the United States has the highest rates of teen pregnancy (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). Adolescents spend much of their time in the school setting, making sexual health education integration into the school health curriculum a natural way to help combat this problem (Tyler, Warner, Gavin, & Barfield, 2014). This brings up the question of what type of sexual health education is most effective in preventing teen pregnancy: abstinence ...


School Vegetable Gardens & Vegetable Consumption In Elementary Students, Ellery Dixon, Shelby Lasselle, Kim Johnson 2018 Carroll College

School Vegetable Gardens & Vegetable Consumption In Elementary Students, Ellery Dixon, Shelby Lasselle, Kim Johnson

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

The purpose of this Evidence Based Practice Brief is to explore if a relationship exists between the presence of a school vegetable garden and the total amount of vegetables consumed by the students. Current literature highlights the clinical relevance of exposing elementary school children to a school vegetable garden. Childhood obesity in the United States has more than tripled in the last three decades (Gray, Byrd, Fountain, Rader & Fruge, 2015). Of children ages 6-11 years, 17.7 percent are considered obese, greater than or equal to the 95th percentile, for their age and gender using the children’s BMI (body ...


Challenges And Opportunities In Rural Nursing Preceptorship: What Multimedia Participant Action Reveals (Défis Et Possibilités Du Préceptorat Infirmier En Milieu Rural : Ce Qu’Une Participation Multimédia Révèle), Olive Yonge, Florence L. Luhanga, Vicki C. Foley, Deirdre M. Jackman, Florence Myrick, Tracy Oosterbroek 2018 University of Alberta

Challenges And Opportunities In Rural Nursing Preceptorship: What Multimedia Participant Action Reveals (Défis Et Possibilités Du Préceptorat Infirmier En Milieu Rural : Ce Qu’Une Participation Multimédia Révèle), Olive Yonge, Florence L. Luhanga, Vicki C. Foley, Deirdre M. Jackman, Florence Myrick, Tracy Oosterbroek

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Background: Rural health care sites struggle to attract new nurses, owing to a widespread perception that the hardships of rural practice far outweigh the benefits. Preceptorships are a key means of recruiting nursing staff to rural locations, but innovative, firsthand messaging is needed to promote rural preceptorships and nursing careers. Objectives: The researchers sought to elicit compelling, multimedia, firsthand accounts of the challenges and opportunities of rural preceptorship through participant action. Additional goals were to explore the ways in which participants reify their experiences through digital media, and the potential for digitally-based participant action research to empower participants. Methods: The ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress