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Caring In The Margins: A Scholarship Of Accompaniment For Advanced Transcultural Nursing Practice, Ruth C. Enestvedt, Kathleen M. Clark, Kaija Freborg, Joyce P. Miller, Cheryl J. Leuning, Deborah K. Shuhmacher, Kristin M. McHale, Katherine A. Baumgartner, Susan L. Loushin 2018 Augsburg University

Caring In The Margins: A Scholarship Of Accompaniment For Advanced Transcultural Nursing Practice, Ruth C. Enestvedt, Kathleen M. Clark, Kaija Freborg, Joyce P. Miller, Cheryl J. Leuning, Deborah K. Shuhmacher, Kristin M. Mchale, Katherine A. Baumgartner, Susan L. Loushin

Faculty Authored Articles

Nurses must learn essential skills based in transcultural nursing to address issues of equity and social justice. The development of a model for nursing practice for an urban nurse-led drop-in center for individuals experiencing marginalization provides an opportunity for student nurses to learn transcultural nursing skills that shifts care from acknowledging the need of others to accompanying others on their health journey. The practice model provides the opportunity for undergraduate and graduate nursing students at Augsburg University to de-emphasize tasks and build relationships. Students learn to listen to others' stories and acknowledge their struggles in the margins. Four stages of ...


Nutrition Education To Improve Health Outcomes In Community Dwelling Older Adults, Sara Giessinger 2018 University of San Francisco

Nutrition Education To Improve Health Outcomes In Community Dwelling Older Adults, Sara Giessinger

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

The proportion of people age 60 and over is growing faster than other age group, and will double by 2050 from approximately 605 million to 2 billion worldwide, in addition to the 80 and over population quadrupling by the same time. Non-communicable diseases such as obesity, cancer, coronary heart and lung disease, diabetes, hypertension, insulin resistance, and hyperlipidemia,represent 63% of deaths annually worldwide. Due to the immense contact nurses have with clients, they play a key role in screening, referrals and education to guide this demographic to improved health outcomes through nutrition and physical activity interventions (Xiaoyue, Parker ...


Pediatric Primary Care Concussion Evaluation And Management, Kaitlyn Layman 2018 Liberty University

Pediatric Primary Care Concussion Evaluation And Management, Kaitlyn Layman

Graduate Student Projects and Scholarship

Concussions are an important and timely subject, especially within the pediatric population, as they are the most involved in extracurricular contact sports and are susceptible to concussions and their sequelae. The researcher performed a quasi-experimental pilot study in a pediatric primary care office where the researcher educated 15 providers on the HEADS UP concussion screening tool and management approach. The researcher gave providers pre- and post-intervention surveys to determine if providers’ comfort and knowledge regarding assessing and managing concussions within the pediatric primary care setting changed. Four providers participated in the study. The researcher conducted a chart review two months ...


Maternal Mortality In Non-Hispanic Black Women, Amelia Major 2018 DePaul University

Maternal Mortality In Non-Hispanic Black Women, Amelia Major

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: The United States has the highest maternal mortality among all developed countries, among these mothers, non-Hispanic black women are three times more likely than women of any other racial group to die from pregnancy-related causes.

Purpose: To investigate racial disparities among pregnant women who die from pregnancy related causes (maternal mortality) and determine possible interventions to improve outcomes.

Methods: An integrative literature review was conducted to analyze peer-reviewed articles published from 2007 to 2018; a computerized search of literature was performed using Cumulative Index to Nursing and Health Literature (CINAHL), Proquest Nursing and Allied Health Sources, PubMed and PsycINFO ...


Common Components Of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Prevention Intervention Programs: A Review Of Literature, Ross Siemering 2018 DePaul University

Common Components Of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Prevention Intervention Programs: A Review Of Literature, Ross Siemering

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are the most common yet completely preventable cause of mental disability in the western world.

Objective: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to examine and identify the common elements among varying interventions for FASD prevention that have demonstrated effectiveness for reducing the risk of FASD to better understand what defining features may contribute to the efficacy of the interventions.

Methods: An integrative literature review was conducted. The databases searched included: CINAHL, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Science Direct. Articles were then reviewed to determine if they were appropriate for inclusion based upon ...


Barriers To Providing Psychiatric Care Within Cook County Public Health System: An Integrative Literature Review, Elizabeth Ann Reuter 2018 DePaul University

Barriers To Providing Psychiatric Care Within Cook County Public Health System: An Integrative Literature Review, Elizabeth Ann Reuter

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Cook County Public Health Systems located in Cook County, Illinois, are responsible for providing free and low cost psychiatric care to thousands of residents despite continuing state and federal budget cuts and inadequate Medicaid reimbursements. This not only financially strains county taxpayers, but it also limits treatment options, negatively impacts patients, and places an extreme burden on the public service workforce.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review was to identify the major barriers of providing psychiatric care within Cook County Public Health Systems.

Method: An integrative literature review was conductedusing the databases of Academic Search ...


Public Perceptions Of Sugar Sweetened Beverage Taxes: An Integrative Literature Review, Stacy Gates 2018 DePaul University

Public Perceptions Of Sugar Sweetened Beverage Taxes: An Integrative Literature Review, Stacy Gates

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Carbonated soft drinks are one of the largest sources of calories in the American diet, providing over 5% of caloric intake, and no significant nutritional value. Governments across the globe have begun to implement sugar sweetened beverage taxes in an attempt to stem the proliferation of these health issues, but such policies remain unpopular and implementation difficult.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review was to examine the public perception of sugar sweetened beverage taxes and to determine what strategies are needed to successfully implement similar policies in the future.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted using ...


Nurses Role In Health Home Mixed Methods Study, Jacqueline S. Prokop 2018 University of Texas at Tyler

Nurses Role In Health Home Mixed Methods Study, Jacqueline S. Prokop

Nursing Theses and Dissertations

Managing individuals with chronic health conditions in the primary care setting continues to be a significant challenge in the U.S. health care system. This issue is further compounded for low-income individuals with both mental health and physical health chronic conditions. With the enactment of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), new chronic disease health home opportunities have emerged to address the existing structural and process gaps found in primary healthcare. The nurse’s role is integral to health homes as they empower nurses to play a greater role in improving patient experiences, population health, and lowering healthcare costs. Three research ...


Standardizing The Palliative Care Referral Process, Ronaviv M. Garcia 2018 University of San Francisco

Standardizing The Palliative Care Referral Process, Ronaviv M. Garcia

Master's Projects and Capstones

Standardizing the Palliative Care Referral Process

Problem: Heart failure (HF) is one of the most common causes of hospital admissions and emergency department visits in the United States. HF patients are at high risk for hospital readmission: 25% of HF patients discharged from the hospital are readmitted within 30 days of discharge, and 50% are readmitted within 6 months (Vedel & Khanossov, 2015).

Context: Palliative Care (PC) has been shown to be an effective way of managing distressing HF symptoms and thus of reducing hospital readmissions, yet patients are infrequently referred to PC services during their transition from hospital to home (Lowey & Liebel, 2016). Currently, there is no standardized referral process for patient care coordinators (PCCs) to refer HF patients to PC services.

Interventions: Standardized scripting was developed and implemented as a tool for PCCs to educate patients about the benefits of PC. Four PCCs implemented the intervention over the course of 30 days, and together, they identified 26 HF patients appropriate for PC referral.

Measures: Process measures include: the development and implementation of the standardized PC referral process; the number of completed PC referrals after utilization of the standardized PC referral process.

Results: Among the 26 patients identified, 22 (85%) received the PC standardized scripting, and of those 22 patients, 12 (43%) provided verbal consent to the PC ...


Implementing A Telephone Triage System, Joanyett Mays-Scott 2018 The University of San Francisco

Implementing A Telephone Triage System, Joanyett Mays-Scott

Master's Projects and Capstones

Implementing a Telephone Triage System

Abstract

Introducing a telephone triage system requires conscientious regard to the organizational configuration and culture, staff abilities and experience, observed need and expected outcomes, staffing issues, and the physical location in which the system will be introduced (Murdoch et al., 2015). For this microsystem A SWOT analysis and microsystem assessment were performed. This community health center’s goal was to have standardized, evidence-based triage protocols followed by the nursing staff and the contracted nursing staff. The workflow was introduced in a series of lunch and learns provided by clinical nurse managers. Once workflows were established ...


Blood Pressure And Job Domains Among Hotel Housekeepers, Marie-Anne Sanon Rosemberg PhD, MN, RN, Bidisha Ghosh Ms., John Shaver BSN, Maria Militzer MA, Julia Seng PhD, CNM, FAAN, Marjorie C. McCullagh PhD, RN, APHN-BC, COHN-S, FAAOHN, FAAN 2018 University of Michigan

Blood Pressure And Job Domains Among Hotel Housekeepers, Marie-Anne Sanon Rosemberg Phd, Mn, Rn, Bidisha Ghosh Ms., John Shaver Bsn, Maria Militzer Ma, Julia Seng Phd, Cnm, Faan, Marjorie C. Mccullagh Phd, Rn, Aphn-Bc, Cohn-S, Faaohn, Faan

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Hotel housekeepers have challenging working conditions, putting them at risk for poor health such as hypertension. Despite their risks, few studies have measured their blood pressure (BP). The purpose of this study was to explore hotel housekeepers’ blood pressure and the associations between work and BP. Methods: A community engagement approach was used to recruit study participants. Data sources included questionnaires, and BP measurement. Results: Over 25% of the 39 hotel housekeepers reported hypertension diagnosis and/or antihypertensive medication used. Across the job domains, job satisfaction was correlated with diastolic BP, and workload was correlated with systolic BP. There were ...


Analyzing The Medical Definition Of Death In Criminal Homicide Prosecution, Mariah Wood 2018 University of New Mexico

Analyzing The Medical Definition Of Death In Criminal Homicide Prosecution, Mariah Wood

Nursing ETDs

I investigated the use of the medical definition of human death in the criminal justice system and the impact of this definition on the prosecution of criminal homicide. The units of design for this research were two violent crimes cases investigated by the Homicide Unit of the Albuquerque Police Department. Data was collected from officer interviews, case files, Office of the Medical Investigator reports, media and social media.

I identified the themes of pursuit of justice, frustration, and family from the collected data. Key findings include that the medical definition of human death causes confusion and delay in the criminal ...


Traumatic Brain Injuries: A Telehealth Alternative For Veterans, Jessica Dickman 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Traumatic Brain Injuries: A Telehealth Alternative For Veterans, Jessica Dickman

Dissertations

Problem: Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) are known as the signature wound of veterans serving in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and the Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). After the initial TBI diagnosis, outpatient TBI follow-up rates are reported to be approximately 9% less in the Veteran Healthcare Administration (VA) system when compared to the private sector. The purpose of this quality initiative was to decrease the rate of missed appointments among OEF/OIF veterans using a telehealth alternative.

Methods: The Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) method was used to implement a consistent process for the telehealth visit option. A retrospective medical record review over the ...


Aligning With Patient-Centered Medical Home Standards: Depression Screening In Women's Health, Charity Galgani 2018 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Aligning With Patient-Centered Medical Home Standards: Depression Screening In Women's Health, Charity Galgani

Dissertations

Problem: The Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model of care improves health care quality and patient experience of care, and decreases costs. Depression screening is a requirement for becoming a PCMH. The purpose of this quality initiative was to obtain baseline data to describe depression screening rates among female adult patients receiving women’s health care within a Midwestern public health department seeking PCMH recognition.

Methods: The study utilized a descriptive, observational design and was guided by the Plan-Do-Study-Act framework. A retrospective medical record review was used to assess the rate of depression screening utilizing the PHQ-2 and PHQ-9 tools ...


Evaluation Of A Youth Emergency Room Enhancement Program For Behavioral Health, Anne Thatcher 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Evaluation Of A Youth Emergency Room Enhancement Program For Behavioral Health, Anne Thatcher

Dissertations

Problem. Pediatric mental health complaints and subsequent hospitalizations have been steadily increasing. The Behavioral Health Network (BHN) developed an intensive outreach case management program aimed at reducing youth mental health emergency department (ED) visits and inpatient psychiatric admissions. The Youth Emergency Room Enhancement (YERE) program was a process improvement initiative to provide immediate case management to youth and caregivers for mental health care.

Methods. A Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) method utilizing a retrospective case record review occurred over a six-month period. A convenience sample of youth aged 6-20 years presenting to one of eight healthcare facilities for either ED or inpatient hospitalization ...


Permanent Housing And On-Site Nursing Care: Effects On Homeless Individuals With Hiv And Other Cormorbidities, Lynelle Hinden 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Permanent Housing And On-Site Nursing Care: Effects On Homeless Individuals With Hiv And Other Cormorbidities, Lynelle Hinden

Dissertations

Abstract

Problem. Providing housing to otherwise homeless individuals who are HIV/AIDS-positive has been demonstrated to improve control of the disease. This was a healthcare quality initiative to review the viral load and Cluster of Differentiation Protein Four positive (CD4+) counts over time of residents in an urban housing facility for HIV/AIDS-positive individuals. Also, a nurse-run clinic was introduced for residents, especially those with comorbidities such as hypertension and diabetes.

Methods. A repeated measures design was utilized. Viral loads and CD4+ counts were retrospectively reviewed from facility records at entrance into and five-years later at the facility. Additionally, measurements ...


Nurse-Led Triage Clinic In An Hiv Supportive Housing Apartment Community, Sally Breen 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Nurse-Led Triage Clinic In An Hiv Supportive Housing Apartment Community, Sally Breen

Dissertations

Problem: HIV-positive persons living in supportive housing who were otherwise homeless are reported to have better health outcomes than those who remain homeless. This was a quality improvement project to obtain baseline information regarding the implementation of onsite nursing services for individuals and their families residing in an HIV-positive supportive housing apartment community in an urban Midwestern city. Methods: A nurse triage clinic was implemented in partnership with the Doorways organization. Two registered nurses staffed the clinic two days per week. Data was collected on demographics and clinic utilization over a nine-week period. Results: Of the apartment residents, N=95 ...


Implementing A Caps Simulation To Increase Nursing Education Practice Students’ Self-Awareness Of Attitudes And Beliefs About Poverty, Melissa Ehmke 2018 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Implementing A Caps Simulation To Increase Nursing Education Practice Students’ Self-Awareness Of Attitudes And Beliefs About Poverty, Melissa Ehmke

Dissertations

Problem. The purpose of this project is to determine if college students who are currently in nursing school, will benefit from the addition of a poverty simulation to positively influence their self-awareness and individual-level beliefs and attitudes towards poverty, therefore being able to serve those in poverty fully and guide them to appropriate resources.

Methods. Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) and Doctoral Nursing Practice (DNP) students participated in a three-hour Community Action Poverty Simulation (CAPS). A twenty-one item Attitude Toward Poverty Scale short form (ATPS) survey was completed pre and post-simulation participation.

Results. Significant improvements resulted in three of ...


Moodle-Based Chlamydia Awareness Project To Increase Intention To Test In College Freshmen Males: A Dnp Scholarly Project, Adam Burri 2018 Northern Michigan University

Moodle-Based Chlamydia Awareness Project To Increase Intention To Test In College Freshmen Males: A Dnp Scholarly Project, Adam Burri

DNP Scholarly Projects

In 2016, there were over 1.5 million cases of chlamydia reported in the United States with prevalence rates highest in people under 25 years of age (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017). Researchers have suggested that college aged adults (age 18-25) should be targeted for chlamydia educational programs because these individuals are lacking in knowledge about chlamydia prevention, infection, symptoms, and screening methods (Goundry, Finlay, & Llewellyn, 2013; Rutledge, Siebert, Chonody, & Killian, 2011). This scholarly project utilized a quasi-experimental, single-group pretest-posttest design and used a modified version of the Sex, Drugs, and Rock’n’Roll Questionnaire designed by Lim et al. (2012) to identify whether implementation of an online course entitled Chlamydia Awareness Project increased intention to test for chlamydia in a convenience sample of college freshman males at a Midwestern university. In addition, knowledge of chlamydia (including risk factors for infection, symptoms, and screening methods) was assessed. College freshmen males were targeted for this project because they are at an increased risk for chlamydia infection and lack clear screening recommendations (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2013; LeFevre, 2014). A Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to compare median Likert survey scores in participants prior to and after the online educational intervention. Results from the analyses did ...


Open Space, Thin Blankets, And Snores: An Examination Of Sleep In Young Adults Experiencing Homelessness, Claire Olivia Moore 2018 Seattle Pacific University

Open Space, Thin Blankets, And Snores: An Examination Of Sleep In Young Adults Experiencing Homelessness, Claire Olivia Moore

Honors Projects

Sleep has been identified as a public health concern, especially among college students and young adults, which are defined here as adults ages 18-25 years old. Individuals who are homeless also face specific challenges to getting high quality, restful sleep. The purpose of this review is to investigate the potential health burden of impaired sleep quality in young adults experiencing homelessness. The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Ebscohost, Medline, Google Scholar, and PsychInfo databases were searched using the following terms independently and in combination: sleep, sleep quality, young adults, college students, emerging adults, sleep hygiene, homeless ...


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