Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Public Health and Community Nursing Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

925 Full-Text Articles 1,320 Authors 201,433 Downloads 116 Institutions

All Articles in Public Health and Community Nursing

Faceted Search

925 full-text articles. Page 1 of 41.

Comprehensive Trauma-Informed Care For The Whole Community: The Whole Child Initiative Model, Gregory J. Benner Ph.D. 2019 University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa

Comprehensive Trauma-Informed Care For The Whole Community: The Whole Child Initiative Model, Gregory J. Benner Ph.D.

Educational Considerations

The Whole Child Initiative (WCI) is a decade-long blueprint for sustainable and comprehensive community-wide change. To be successful, community-wide sustainable change must embrace a common vision, language, and common experiences to bridge the contrasting community structures, environments, and scopes of work. The Whole Child Initiative uses data, shared goals, and aligned supports ensure that every youth is safe, supported, engaged, healthy, and challenged in the community-at-large. We make the case that a population health or public health approach is needed to sustainable change in communities and the WCI model is described. Among other important outcomes, researchers have found social and ...


The Use Of Social Media And Mema Technology In Comparing Compliance Rate Among Users, Reimund Serafica, Nada Lukkahatai, Brendan Tran Morris, Kelly Webber 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas (School of Nursing)

The Use Of Social Media And Mema Technology In Comparing Compliance Rate Among Users, Reimund Serafica, Nada Lukkahatai, Brendan Tran Morris, Kelly Webber

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Compliance can be defined as the extent to which a person's behavior corresponds with agreed recommendations. Within the context of lifestyle intervention, this may refer to physical activity, diet modifications, or lifestyle intervention program attendance or attrition For lifestyle intervention programs to be successful (as measured against a variety of health and lifestyle markers), it is crucial for individuals to comply as best they can to the recommendations or instructions provided by the researchers. Those who disengage prematurely are likely to have poorer treatment outcomes. Hence, a better understanding and an added component, such as engagement, is vital to ...


Video-Based Diabetes Education For A Culturally Diverse Population, Heather Harris 2018 Georgia College

Video-Based Diabetes Education For A Culturally Diverse Population, Heather Harris

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Translational and Clinical Research Projects

Immigrants and refugees represent an underserved population in need of quality, accessible, and culturally appropriate healthcare and education. Diabetes is a chronic condition frequently seen in this population. The author utilized the Wagner Chronic Care Model (CCM) as a theoretical framework for planning diabetes education delivery in this diverse population. Studies report significant health disparities in diabetes care and subsequent poor diabetes quality indicators in refugees and immigrants. Research has found that culturally sensitive diabetes education can improve diabetes outcomes in ethnically diverse populations. The author implemented a translational project to develop and evaluate a video-based diabetes health education intervention ...


Keep The Beat With Heart Failure Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Brenda L. Peterson 2018 University of San Francisco

Keep The Beat With Heart Failure Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Brenda L. Peterson

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Problem: Heart failure (HF), also known as congestive heart failure (CHF), is the number one diagnosis-related group (DRG) for people 65 years of age and older in the United States. This disease group is complicated and debilitating, requiring frequent hospitalizations with high mortality rates. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) has identified CHF as an area for improvement in hospitals.

Context: This was a quality improvement project for an integrated medical center in the Central Valley, California with over 19,000 HF patients. In 2018, for patients 65 years and older, HF is the third-most admitted ...


Social Inclusion For Women Experiencing Homelessness, Jenna Richards 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Social Inclusion For Women Experiencing Homelessness, Jenna Richards

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Background: People experiencing homelessness have been described as one of the most socially excluded groups in society due to their inequitable access to basic necessities (Everett 2009; Labonte, 2004). Particular consideration regarding social inclusion should be given to the unique vulnerabilities of sub-populations of those experiencing homelessness, such as women (Wesely & Wright, 2005) due to their increased rates of ‘hidden homelessness’ (Walsh et al., 2009) and experiences of violence and discrimination (Roschelle, 2017; Weiser et al., 2009). Community participation, particularly sports activities, have been cited as one method towards increasing social inclusion among people experiencing homelessness. However, differential access to sport activities have been found for women experiencing homelessness (Oudshoorn, Misener, Richards, unpublished). Exploring the barriers and facilitators to social inclusion for ...


Implementation Of The Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Among Health Professions Students, Emeka C. Nnabuife 2018 University of the Incarnate Word

Implementation Of The Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Among Health Professions Students, Emeka C. Nnabuife

Doctor of Nursing Practice

The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most widespread sexually transmitted infection in America. College-aged students are a high-risk group for HPV transmission, but their HPV vaccination rates are low. The purpose of this evidence-based project was to implement an HPV vaccination program at a health science center university student health clinic to increase vaccination rates to meet the guidelines of the American College Health Association (ACHA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The objectives of this project were as follows: 1) to educate providers and staff on the importance of the HPV vaccine; 2) to increase HPV ...


Assessing The Effectiveness Of A Quality Improvement Intervention To Decrease Missed Opportunities For Human Papillomavirus Vaccination At A Nurse Managed Health Center, Maria Medina-Calvo 2018 University of the Incarnate Word

Assessing The Effectiveness Of A Quality Improvement Intervention To Decrease Missed Opportunities For Human Papillomavirus Vaccination At A Nurse Managed Health Center, Maria Medina-Calvo

Doctor of Nursing Practice

Purpose: To decrease the number of missed opportunities for human papillomavirus vaccine eligible patients seeking healthcare in a Nurse Managed Health Center. Background & Significance: Human papillomavirus genital infection has inflicted nearly 79 million Americans. Annually, about 14 million newly infected individuals are identified, with noted predominance in teens and young adults, and of this number approximately 19,200 females and 11,600 males receive a cancer diagnosis as a result of the human papillomavirus infection. The incidence of infections can be reduced with a human papillomavirus vaccine, but only about 63% of females and even fewer males initiate the human papillomavirus vaccine. Methods: A Nurse Managed Health Center assisting the underserved population, in a major southwestern metropolitan city was chosen to implement a Qualified Patient Prompter tool used to screen for human papillomavirus eligibility in all patients seeking healthcare in this Nurse Managed Health Center. A reminder card strategy was used at the end of the accepted human papillomavirus vaccine visit. Results: 334 patient records were reviewed and 135 were eligible to receive the human papillomavirus vaccine; 60 opted to receive it and 75 declined. Conclusion: A 100% of all patients seen were evaluated for human papillomavirus vaccine eligibility. The intervention decreased missed opportunities by 100%. Continued efforts will focus on increasing human papillomavirus vaccine acceptance rates. The Nurse Managed Health Center fully support the continued use of the Qualified Patient Prompter, which was effective within this population.


Examining Eshift Through The Caregiver Policy Lens: A Content Analysis, Ashlee A. Worrall 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Examining Eshift Through The Caregiver Policy Lens: A Content Analysis, Ashlee A. Worrall

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Purpose: This research study intended to understand how a new model of palliative home care in Ontario, Canada called eShift aligned with the needs of caregivers who cared for a family member at the end-of-life.

Methods: A qualitative secondary analysis using a deductive content analysis of 14 caregiver interviews, three decision-maker interviews, and six home care agency documents collected in a three-year study and were analyzed using The Caregiver Policy Lens framework.

Findings: The eShift model of care met caregivers’ needs through timely access to respite, education, collaborating with the health care team, and physical and psychological support. Caregivers were ...


Correctional Nurse Competency And Quality Care Outcomes, Deborah Shelton, Bill Barta, louise A. reagan 2018 University of Connecticut, School of Nursing

Correctional Nurse Competency And Quality Care Outcomes, Deborah Shelton, Bill Barta, Louise A. Reagan

Journal for Evidence-based Practice in Correctional Health

Purpose: In this paper, we report on the clinical care outcomes resulting from implementing a nurse competency education intervention to a nursing staff in a statewide correctional system. Background: State correctional healthcare systems face ongoing and serious challenges attracting and retaining an adequate number of qualified health professionals owing to the perceived undesirability of working in correctional facilities; high occupational stressors; and the effects of high turnover on the workloads of remaining nursing staff.

Methods: Nursing outcomes were evaluated on four most frequently used nursing protocols. The education intervention consisted of self-directed computer-based modules, hands-on clinical review of skills, and ...


Nurse Practitioner Students: Providing Wellness Screenings To Underserved Older Adults, Rexanna Tatlock 2018 Purdue University

Nurse Practitioner Students: Providing Wellness Screenings To Underserved Older Adults, Rexanna Tatlock

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Rexanna Tatlock (BSN, RN, CCRN) received a BSN from Saint Francis College in 2003. As a registered nurse, she specialized in critical care nursing and eventually enrolled in the Adult Gerontology Nurse Practitioner master’s program in Purdue University’s School of Nursing in 2016. Upon graduation in May 2018, Rexanna has planned to focus on primary health care. The service-learning project provided primary care clinical experience, while meeting the needs of an underserved older adult population. This article will discuss the community partnership, a needs assessment, and a wellness screening offered to Fairington Apartments (FA) residents.


Us Filipino Adults’ Patterns Of Cam Use And Medical Pluralism: Secondary Analysis Of 2012 National Health Interview Survey, Rhea Faye Felicilda-Reynaldo, Soyung Choi 2018 University of Hawaii at Manoa

Us Filipino Adults’ Patterns Of Cam Use And Medical Pluralism: Secondary Analysis Of 2012 National Health Interview Survey, Rhea Faye Felicilda-Reynaldo, Soyung Choi

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

The cultural health beliefs of the Filipino population and colonial history of medicine in the Philippines could mean high use of complementary and alternative therapies (CAM) and increased engagement in medical pluralism (i.e., combined use of conventional medicine and CAM) among the US Filipino population, the 4th largest immigrant group in the United States. However, there is limited research regarding US Filipinos’ health behaviors related to CAM use and medical pluralism engagement. The purpose of this study was to explore patterns of CAM use and medical pluralism practices of Filipino adults living in the US. Data from Filipino adult ...


Faith Community Nursing In Community/Public Health Education: A Positive Student Nursing Experience, Pamela Preston 2018 Saint Anselm College

Faith Community Nursing In Community/Public Health Education: A Positive Student Nursing Experience, Pamela Preston

International Journal of Faith Community Nursing

Faith Community Nursing sites were recently integrated into a Community/Public Health Nursing course at a traditional Catholic baccalaureate college in New England. Junior and senior nursing students were randomly assigned to spend 10 clinical days at a site for their clinical experience. The students planned, participated in, and conducted diverse nursing and educational activities. At the end of the rotation, students completed evaluations rating the experience. The evaluations indicated that the clinical experience was positive. The diverse activities including support, health promotion, screening, and education in addition to the spiritual dimension allowed the students to participate in true holistic ...


Native Elder And Youth Perspectives On Mental Well-Being, The Value Of The Horse, And Navigating Two Worlds, Mary J. Isaacson, Rebecca Bott-Knutson, Mary Beth Fishbeck, Angela Varnum, Shelly Brandenburger 2018 South Dakota State University

Native Elder And Youth Perspectives On Mental Well-Being, The Value Of The Horse, And Navigating Two Worlds, Mary J. Isaacson, Rebecca Bott-Knutson, Mary Beth Fishbeck, Angela Varnum, Shelly Brandenburger

College of Nursing Faculty Publications

Purpose: Native American youth experience significant challenges to mental well-being. As part of a larger study to evaluate hope and resilience in a Plains tribal population, the purpose of this study was to learn from Native American elders and youths what they feel is needed to for youth to grow up healthy on the reservation, and to identify connections between horse use and mental well-being.
Sample:
Six Native American elders and eight Native American youths from the same Plains tribe.
Method:
The research team conducted Talking Circles with youths and elders. during the Talking Circles, participants identified community-specific questions for ...


Querying Rural Content Experts Using An Online Questionnaire, Marilyn A. Swan, Barbara B. Hobbs 2018 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Querying Rural Content Experts Using An Online Questionnaire, Marilyn A. Swan, Barbara B. Hobbs

College of Nursing Faculty Publications

Purpose: Obtaining feedback from rural content experts is critical in developing valid and reliable instruments to advance the science of rural health. However, traditional methods, i.e., focus groups are impractical due to location and distance. Using an online questionnaire combined with telephone and email contacts to obtain content experts’ feedback is discussed. Item statement analysis and efficiency and effectiveness of the process are presented.
Methods: The process included the development of an online questionnaire, asking experts to rate 51 item statement for their relevancy, sufficiency of description, and clarity and readability. To increase the response rate, a series of ...


Exploring Men Who Have Sex With Men’S Hiv Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Initiation Decision-Making Processes In The Southern United States, Portia Thomas 2018 Kennesaw State University

Exploring Men Who Have Sex With Men’S Hiv Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Initiation Decision-Making Processes In The Southern United States, Portia Thomas

Doctorate of Nursing Science Dissertations

In 2012, the first pharmacological HIV preventative agent, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) was approved in the U.S. for individuals at high-risk of contracting HIV. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at increased HIV risk, due to their engagement in anal intercourse (AI), which is the most common mode of HIV transmission and the riskiest type of sex. Although evidence indicates that most PrEP paients are MSM, a paucity of evidence exists on MSM’s PrEP initation decision-making process. The purpose of this study was to explore how HIV-negative MSM engaging in protected or unprotected AI decide to initiate ...


Women's Quality Of Life After Leaving An Abusive Relationship: The Effects Of Past And Ongoing Intimate Partner Violence, Mastery And Social Support, Diana Jaradat 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Women's Quality Of Life After Leaving An Abusive Relationship: The Effects Of Past And Ongoing Intimate Partner Violence, Mastery And Social Support, Diana Jaradat

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is considered a major stressor that threatens the lives of women globally. Although qualitative research suggests that IPV has substantial negative effects on women’s quality of life, few quantitative studies have examined the quality of life of women who have experienced IPV due, in part, to the lack of an appropriate, brief measure of QOL. Consequently, little is known about the contextual process by which IPV experiences affect women’s quality of life (QOL) after leaving an abusive relationship. Mastery and social support are two important resources that women may use to deal with IPV ...


Caring In The Margins: A Scholarship Of Accompaniment For Advanced Transcultural Nursing Practice, Ruth C. Enestvedt, Kathleen M. Clark, Kaija Freborg, Joyce P. Miller, Cheryl J. Leuning, Deborah K. Shuhmacher, Kristin M. McHale, Katherine A. Baumgartner, Susan L. Loushin 2018 Augsburg University

Caring In The Margins: A Scholarship Of Accompaniment For Advanced Transcultural Nursing Practice, Ruth C. Enestvedt, Kathleen M. Clark, Kaija Freborg, Joyce P. Miller, Cheryl J. Leuning, Deborah K. Shuhmacher, Kristin M. Mchale, Katherine A. Baumgartner, Susan L. Loushin

Faculty Authored Articles

Nurses must learn essential skills based in transcultural nursing to address issues of equity and social justice. The development of a model for nursing practice for an urban nurse-led drop-in center for individuals experiencing marginalization provides an opportunity for student nurses to learn transcultural nursing skills that shifts care from acknowledging the need of others to accompanying others on their health journey. The practice model provides the opportunity for undergraduate and graduate nursing students at Augsburg University to de-emphasize tasks and build relationships. Students learn to listen to others' stories and acknowledge their struggles in the margins. Four stages of ...


Utilizing Home Health Services To Reduce High-Risk Readmissions: A Quality Improvement Project, Courtney Robare 2018 The University of San Francisco

Utilizing Home Health Services To Reduce High-Risk Readmissions: A Quality Improvement Project, Courtney Robare

Nursing and Health Professions Faculty Research and Publications

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS), the Joint Commission (TJC), Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) have all highlighted readmissions as an issue in healthcare that needs to be addressed. Many of these organizations have piloted programs which aim to decrease readmissions.

The MAP (Medication Focus, Access Assistance, and Provider Collaboration) program seeks to decrease the readmission rate of high-risk patients. Readmissions are costly and often lead to negative patient outcomes. To decrease cost to the hospital and avoid penalties from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS), the MAP program ...


Nutrition Education To Improve Health Outcomes In Community Dwelling Older Adults, Sara Giessinger 2018 University of San Francisco

Nutrition Education To Improve Health Outcomes In Community Dwelling Older Adults, Sara Giessinger

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

The proportion of people age 60 and over is growing faster than other age group, and will double by 2050 from approximately 605 million to 2 billion worldwide, in addition to the 80 and over population quadrupling by the same time. Non-communicable diseases such as obesity, cancer, coronary heart and lung disease, diabetes, hypertension, insulin resistance, and hyperlipidemia,represent 63% of deaths annually worldwide. Due to the immense contact nurses have with clients, they play a key role in screening, referrals and education to guide this demographic to improved health outcomes through nutrition and physical activity interventions (Xiaoyue, Parker ...


Pediatric Primary Care Concussion Evaluation And Management, Kaitlyn Layman 2018 Liberty University

Pediatric Primary Care Concussion Evaluation And Management, Kaitlyn Layman

Graduate Student Projects and Scholarship

Concussions are an important and timely subject, especially within the pediatric population, as they are the most involved in extracurricular contact sports and are susceptible to concussions and their sequelae. The researcher performed a quasi-experimental pilot study in a pediatric primary care office where the researcher educated 15 providers on the HEADS UP concussion screening tool and management approach. The researcher gave providers pre- and post-intervention surveys to determine if providers’ comfort and knowledge regarding assessing and managing concussions within the pediatric primary care setting changed. Four providers participated in the study. The researcher conducted a chart review two months ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress