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Improving The Practice Model In A Military Clinic, Kristina Marie Zuccarelli 2018 Liberty University

Improving The Practice Model In A Military Clinic, Kristina Marie Zuccarelli

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

Military members and their families face numerous stressors due to the unique lifestyle of this career (Lester, 2011). The occupational impact on these members creates a highly stressful and physically demanding environment with low morale, chronic medical complaints, and poor mental health for these individuals. This project incorporated the current patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model and fused it with the operational medical model for all the active duty members in this unit. The combination of models allowed the provider to have a better understanding of the population’s needs. By embedding in the units, the provider developed a team approach ...


The Effects Of Depression On Medication Compliance And Patient Outcome In Heart Failure, Jordan Rogers 2018 DePaul University

The Effects Of Depression On Medication Compliance And Patient Outcome In Heart Failure, Jordan Rogers

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Heart failure affects 6.5 million people in the United States and depression occurs in approximately 20-50% of heart failure patients. Depression can lead to complications and increased mortality, so it is necessary to examine the effect of depression on heart failure patients.

Objective: To investigate how depression in heart failure patients affects medication adherence and patient outcomes.

Methods: An integrative literature review was completed by searching databases: CINAHL, PubMed, and PsycInfo. Search terms included: heart failure, depression, medication adherence or compliance, anxiety, and outcomes. Studies included had to be published between 2012 and 2018 and available in ...


Advance Alert Monitor, Liesel Buchner 2018 The University of San Francisco

Advance Alert Monitor, Liesel Buchner

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: The acute deterioration of patients outside the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) are safety and quality concerns. Studies have shown that these deteriorations are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. This study aims to standardize the Rapid Response Team (RRT) nurse documentation in response to an Advanced Alert Monitor (AAM) alert, as at baseline no such alert nor standardized response and documentation exist.

Context: Hospitals are continually challenged to innovate and create systems that can track multiple parameters and identify at-risk patients earlier on. An Early Warning System (EWS) in combination with a RRT significantly reduces patients’ potential for clinical ...


Improving Communication In A Virtual Team: A Quality Improvement Project, Deepali Addagarla 2018 The University of San Francisco

Improving Communication In A Virtual Team: A Quality Improvement Project, Deepali Addagarla

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: Data analysis based on two surveys revealed team communication, interdependence, technology interfaces, and integration as the quality gaps in the Virtual Surveillance Team. When compared with traditional in-person teams, a virtual working team faces different types of communication challenges.

Context: The virtual surveillance team in the regional quality department at Oakland monitors both Advance Alert Monitor (AAM), a statistical model developed by the Kaiser Permanente (KP) Division of Research (DOR) that is used to predict an individual’s likelihood of deterioration, and eHospital care gaps for Kaiser Foundation Hospitals in Northern California (KFH, NCAL). The latest evaluation from DOR ...


Reducing Patient Harm From Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infections: A Quality Improvement Project, Grace Cooper 2018 The University of San Francisco

Reducing Patient Harm From Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infections: A Quality Improvement Project, Grace Cooper

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Problem: The Institute of Medicine’s seminal report on patient safety, To Err Is Human led to widespread effort to improve the safety of patients. Healthcare-associated safety problems, which include healthcare-associated infection (HAI), account for far more considerable morbidity and mortality than “never events”. The first harm to be addressed as part of the “No Preventable Harms” campaign was catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI).

Context: The microsystem is a 20-bed mixed medical surgical intensive care unit. Unit assessment at the beginning of the quality project indicated that there were 2 CAUTIs attributed to the unit in a span of ...


Improving The Care For Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients, Hermelinda Gonzalez Rivero 2018 The University of San Francisco

Improving The Care For Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients, Hermelinda Gonzalez Rivero

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Problem: Decreasing the time to assess acute ischemic stroke patients impacts the patients’ well-being. The clinical benefit of intravenous Alteplase for ischemic stroke patients results in better outcomes. Intravenous thrombolysis success is dependent on narrowing time to treat (Fonarow et al., 2014). Decreasing the time to intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke patients augments the ability of patients to improve the quality of life by minimizing disability and improving health outcomes (Speirs & Mitchell, 2015).

Context: The microsystem chosen for this evidence-based change of practice project change takes place in the Northern California emergency department (ED). The ED provides care ...


Amiodarone-Induced Peripheral Phlebitis:Implementation Of Practice Guideline To Decrease Incidence, Elaine Mindo 2018 The University of San Francisco

Amiodarone-Induced Peripheral Phlebitis:Implementation Of Practice Guideline To Decrease Incidence, Elaine Mindo

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Amiodarone is used in the management of ventricular and atrial arrhythmias, and the drug of choice among many cardiothoracic surgeons to manage post-operative arrhythmias. Atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response, is the most common arrhythmia treated with amiodarone in a telemetry unit in one medical center located in northern California. Nurses have noted a high incidence rate of phlebitis related to amiodarone infusion even when the current hospital guidelines are being followed. Data were collected over six months and included 35 patients, each infusion via a different intravenous site was considered another occurrence, for a total of 40 infusions ...


Improve Effectiveness In Trauma Teamwork, Ginger Miramontes 2018 The University of San Francisco

Improve Effectiveness In Trauma Teamwork, Ginger Miramontes

Master's Projects and Capstones

On average, each Ventilator-Associated Event (VAE) is anticipated to increase the length of stay in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), resulting in potential adverse events and cost to the organization. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) defines VAE as the increase of daily minimum positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) values, after a baseline period of patient stability or improvement on the ventilator (CDC, 2018). Standard endotracheal tube designs have led to the incidence of VAE because of the accumulation of subglottic secretions in the trachea. Untreated VAE can later result in Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP ...


Sepsis, John Bell 2018 Otterbein University

Sepsis, John Bell

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

The pathophysiology of sepsis is related to the patient’s immune response. It involves an imbalance between pro-inflammatory and antiinflammatory responses, causing damage by a variety of mechanisms (Keegan & Wira, 2014).


Assessment Of Nursing Knowledge Before And After Implementation Of Educational Intervention On Heart Failure, Sarah Scott 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Assessment Of Nursing Knowledge Before And After Implementation Of Educational Intervention On Heart Failure, Sarah Scott

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge of nursing staff on a cardiology unit before and after the implementation of heart failure specific education. Methods: Forty staff nurses on a cardiology unit at a single institution were given The Nurses Knowledge of Heart Failure Education Principles Survey (NKHFEP), a validated tool to assess nursing knowledge of heart failure. A series of four educational sessions were given to the same forty nurses. They were then given the NKHFEP survey a second time to assess change in knowledge post educational intervention. Results: The mean of Pre-education (M = 16 ...


Musculoskeletal Disorders In Healthcare Workers, Josephine Lauer 2018 The University of San Francisco

Musculoskeletal Disorders In Healthcare Workers, Josephine Lauer

Master's Projects and Capstones

Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) are one of the leading causes of disability in hospital nurses and nursing aids and is a high cost problem in the healthcare industry. Working in a complex environment of an acute medical floor where repetitive nature of patient handling, can lead to musculoskeletal injuries for healthcare workers. This is evidenced by work-related injuries in hospitals nearly doubling compared to private industry and hospitals are one of the most hazardous work environments in the country. Musculoskeletal injuries of healthcare workers are an ongoing problem which requires investigation due to high risk of reoccurrence. This is especially true ...


Increasing Early Mobility Of Patients In The Intensive Care Unit, Wendie Gilliam 2018 The University of San Francisco

Increasing Early Mobility Of Patients In The Intensive Care Unit, Wendie Gilliam

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

This project occurred in a 35-bed intensive care unit at a level II trauma center in central California. The purpose of this project was to strengthen the implementation of evidence-based initiatives promoted by the Society of Critical Care Medicine. The Society of Critical Care Medicine has a set of initiatives for the intensive care units nationwide to improve the outcomes for patients. One of the initiatives is the ICU Liberation, which includes six different bundles labeled: A, B, C, D, E, & F (Society of Critical Care Medicine ,2013). Their studies showed a significant improvement in the outcomes for the ...


When Disaster Strikes: A Training Intervention To Improve Nurses' Confidence And Preparedness For The Surge, Nichole M. Weber 2018 Valparaiso University

When Disaster Strikes: A Training Intervention To Improve Nurses' Confidence And Preparedness For The Surge, Nichole M. Weber

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

There has been an exponential rise in mass casualty incidents (MCI) internationally. These human induced and naturally occurring events have affected over 4.6 billion people, and are not discriminatory to region or community (World Health Organization, 2011). Governing bodies require training and education, but nurses continue to report suboptimal competence and self-reported readiness, and a need for standardized, evidence-based training remains. The purpose if this evidence-based practice project is to authenticate current research supporting implementation of competency-based education, to improve nurses’ self- perceived preparedness and confidence in their ability to respond to MCI. The project results can be utilized ...


Implementation Of The Critical Care Pain Observation Tool, Carla Angela Salvadore 2018 Rhode Island College

Implementation Of The Critical Care Pain Observation Tool, Carla Angela Salvadore

Master's Theses, Dissertations, Graduate Research and Major Papers Overview

In the United States, greater than half of the adult patients who are admitted to critical care experience pain and report poor pain control. Inadequate management of acute pain is associated with negative outcomes, including high blood sugar, insulin resistance, higher infection risk, increased discomfort, decreased satisfaction, and chronic pain. Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) cannot always express that they are having pain. Recently modified guidelines for the Sustained Use of Sedatives and Analgesics in the Critically Ill Adult recommend a reliable and valid pain assessment instrument for patients who are unable to verbalize pain. For the adult ...


The Impact Of Diabetes Mellitus On Burns And Standard Burn Treatments, Emma Shepard 2018 Liberty University

The Impact Of Diabetes Mellitus On Burns And Standard Burn Treatments, Emma Shepard

Senior Honors Theses

Burns are complex injuries that trigger the stress response and result in increased blood glucose. Diabetes mellitus, an endocrine disorder with abnormal glucose regulation, can significantly alter the risk for burns and the treatment of burns. Pre-existing diabetes mellitus complicates burn treatments and healing ability. Diabetes mellitus may also develop directly from an unregulated stress response to the burn. The consideration of diabetes mellitus affects wound care, medications, and nutrition for burn patients. As patient advocates, nurses are responsible for caring for burn patients with awareness of endocrine complications. This paper provides a detailed overview of the pathophysiology, complications, and ...


Does Prone Positioning Decrease Mortality Rate In Ards? A Systematic Review, Joseph Sarkis 2018 Rhode Island College

Does Prone Positioning Decrease Mortality Rate In Ards? A Systematic Review, Joseph Sarkis

Master's Theses, Dissertations, Graduate Research and Major Papers Overview

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is a clinical condition in which the lungs suffer severe irreversible, large-scale damage causing a grievous form of hypoxemic respiratory failure. Acute respiratory distress syndrome is one of the most evasive diagnosis confronted in the Intensive care unit (ICU) as the name, definition and diagnostic standards have adapted over the past four decades. An ARDS diagnosis is established by physiological criteria and continues to be a diagnosis of exclusion, which makes it crucial that medical professionals expand their knowledge base to effectively diagnose ARDS. Patients admitted with ARDS have high mortality rates ranging from 40 ...


Nursing Compliance With Vap Bundle, Taylor Meadows 2018 Murray State University

Nursing Compliance With Vap Bundle, Taylor Meadows

Scholars Week

It has been proposed that by initiating the highest percentages of nursing compliance, overall patient outcomes will improve along with a decrease in the number of ventilator-associated events (VAEs). The aim of the study is to appraise the association between nursing compliance with a ventilator bundle and a successful decline in the number of events of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in the intensive care unit (ICU). The study also provides evidence-based direction on the best nursing practices essential to reducing the rates of VAP. Objectives include expanding the awareness of critical care staff on prevention and compliance and to improve teamwork ...


Impressions Of Participants In A Chemical Mass Casualty Exercise, Ethan J. Start, Joan M. Culley, Abbas Tavakoli 2018 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Impressions Of Participants In A Chemical Mass Casualty Exercise, Ethan J. Start, Joan M. Culley, Abbas Tavakoli

Senior Theses

A mass casualty exercise was performed to investigate triage and decontamination of patients exposed to an irritant gas. Nursing students participated in two groups: emergency department triage (ED) and decontamination (DECON). While participants felt overall that the experience was valuable, DECON participants had a greater interest in emergency response and were more likely to volunteer again.


Transitioning Experienced General Care Float Pool Nurses To A Critical Care Float Pool, Troy T. Betts, DNP, MSN, RN-BC 2018 George Washington University

Transitioning Experienced General Care Float Pool Nurses To A Critical Care Float Pool, Troy T. Betts, Dnp, Msn, Rn-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: A nationwide nursing shortage has resulted in a significant reduction in the number of qualified nurse applicants for critical care positions. Additional recruitment solutions for critical care staffing needed to be explored.

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to evaluate the effectiveness of an orientation program designed to transition experienced general care trained float pool nurses to a critical care float pool.

Methods: This descriptive study measured participants’ pre and post critical care orientation knowledge, and completion of core computerized competencies. Critical thinking questions, unit-based competencies, and measurement of participants’ individual perception of competence were also completed. Pre ...


A Pediatric Respiratory Care Curriculum For Emergency Department Nurses, Luzmaria Alcala-Van Houten 2018 California State University, Northern California Consortium Doctor of Nursing Practice

A Pediatric Respiratory Care Curriculum For Emergency Department Nurses, Luzmaria Alcala-Van Houten

Doctoral Projects

As pediatric visits to community hospitals increase, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the Pediatric Emergency Care Network (PECARN) recommend that staff be provided improved education, protocols, and resources to improve patient outcomes (Emergency Medical Services for Children, n.d.). Acute respiratory disorders are the most commonly seen complaints in children aged 0–24 months, with an average of 2–4 visits a year. The purpose of this Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) project is to create a pediatric respiratory care curriculum for emergency department nurses in the Kaiser Permanente Central Valley Area (CVA) and to have it evaluated by ...


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