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Patient Experiences In Intensive Care Units: A Systematic Review, Serpil Topçu, Şule Ecevit Alpar, Bilgi Gülseven, Ayda Kebapçı 2017 Koç University

Patient Experiences In Intensive Care Units: A Systematic Review, Serpil Topçu, Şule Ecevit Alpar, Bilgi Gülseven, Ayda Kebapçı

Patient Experience Journal

The aim of this systematic review is to analyze the data gathered from studies conducted to determine patient experiences in intensive care and levels of the recollection of the intensive care period that were published between December, 1998 – April, 2013. The systematic review was carried out screening of the related publications. The findings of the systematic review were studied under the following two titles: “remembering the intensive care period” and “recalled experiences” of patients. Studying 15 papers which were found suitable to the inclusion criteria of the review indicated that majority of the patients had recollection of the intensive care ...


Caregiving Factors Affecting Breastfeeding Duration Within A Neonatal Intensive Care Unit., Sharon G. Casavant, Georgine Burke, Carrie-Ellen Briere, Jacqueline McGrath 2017 University of Connecticut School of Nursing

Caregiving Factors Affecting Breastfeeding Duration Within A Neonatal Intensive Care Unit., Sharon G. Casavant, Georgine Burke, Carrie-Ellen Briere, Jacqueline Mcgrath

Carrie-Ellen Briere

Abstract

Background: Increasingly, evidence supports oral feeding of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants exclusively at breast or with breastmilk. Despite known breastmilk benefits, outcomes related to exclusive breastmilk provision are poor. Identifying factors that promote breastmilk provision is critical.

Purpose: Breastfeeding practices of mothers of VLBW infants admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were explored to identify factors associated with mode of feeding at discharge.

Method:

This retrospective study replicates previous work. Subjects were VLBW preterm infants consecutively admitted during a 24-month period. Primary outcomes included receiving any breastmilk at discharge. Infant variables included gestational age (GA), post-menstrual age (PMA ...


Comparison Of The Behavioral Pain Scale And The Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool In Assessing Pain In Ventilated Critical Care Patients, John Weldon 2017 Kennesaw State University

Comparison Of The Behavioral Pain Scale And The Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool In Assessing Pain In Ventilated Critical Care Patients, John Weldon

MSN in Leadership in Nursing Final Projects

Purpose: The study aimed to compare the Behavioral Pain Scale (BPS) and the Critical Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) in their effectiveness to identify the presence of pain in nonverbal mechanically ventilated critically ill patients. Nurses’ evaluation with the feasibility, clinical relevance, and satisfaction of the tools were also gathered and compared.

Design: This study followed a non-experimental, correlational, comparative design.

Methods: Nurses were recruited from the surgical intensive care unit in a midsized community hospital in the Southeastern United States. After training, nurse participants obtained pain assessments on ventilated critically ill patients at rest, following a normal blood pressure ...


Knowledge And Attitudes Of Orthopedic Nurses Regarding Pain Management, Matthew Neumann 2017 Liberty University

Knowledge And Attitudes Of Orthopedic Nurses Regarding Pain Management, Matthew Neumann

Graduate Student Projects and Scholarship

Nurses are at the forefront in the care of patient pain management; however, many nurses do not possess the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for best pain management outcomes. Adequate pain management education is often infrequent in academic settings and in post-graduate health care environments. That shortcoming suggests a need to improve pain management education as advocated by The Joint Commission and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The purpose of this study is to measure 20 nurses’ knowledge and attitudes regarding pain and pain management while working in an orthopedic setting. It was an evidence-based practice project ...


Perceived Knowledge And Perceptions Of Palliative Care Among Advanced Practice Cardiac Providers, Jordan Vance 2017 Liberty University

Perceived Knowledge And Perceptions Of Palliative Care Among Advanced Practice Cardiac Providers, Jordan Vance

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

Providers of healthcare have continued to focus on addressing patients’ chronic health outcomes. When understanding how to manage chronic disease, there remains many opportunities in facilitation of better management. With such a wide range of individuals who suffer with a chronic condition, better management to address this population is essential. Palliative care aids in accomplishing this task. It was seen that there was a lack of education in relation to palliative care, with perceptions that continued to be a barrier to the utilization of the service. Due to the lack in education, the strongest barrier to palliative care service utilization ...


Reducing Delirium, June Chaves, Sam Canonico, Will Cheney, Tammy Corey, Gil Fraser, Alex Kowalewski, Jen Low, Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, Haley Pelletier, Cathy Palleschi, Stephen Tyzik, Suneela Nayak, Ruth Hanselman 2017 Maine Medical Center

Reducing Delirium, June Chaves, Sam Canonico, Will Cheney, Tammy Corey, Gil Fraser, Alex Kowalewski, Jen Low, Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, Haley Pelletier, Cathy Palleschi, Stephen Tyzik, Suneela Nayak, Ruth Hanselman

Maine Medical Center

No abstract provided.


Programs That Can Support Nurses To Reduce Compassion Fatigue And Secondary Traumatic Stress: An Integrative Literature Review, Molly Gruettner 2017 DePaul University

Programs That Can Support Nurses To Reduce Compassion Fatigue And Secondary Traumatic Stress: An Integrative Literature Review, Molly Gruettner

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Compassion allows a nurse to empathize with their patient and their family, but it does not prepare the nurse to cope with stressful events. Repeatedly being exposed to traumatizing events, pain, distress, and suffering can lead to nurse burn-out and fatigue. Compassion fatigue is a unique form of burnout and secondary traumatic stress (STS) encompasses ideas of compassion fatigue and the two terms are often used interchangeably. Objective: The goal of this systematic integrated literature review is to discover interventions to reduce compassion fatigue and STS in trauma nurses Methods: A systematic integrated literature review study was conducted using Ebscohost ...


Barriers To Advance Directives, Anna Malia Connor Ticknor 2017 DePaul University

Barriers To Advance Directives, Anna Malia Connor Ticknor

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Advanced directives (ADs) are legal documents that allows an individual to document their specific wishes for medical care should they be unable to speak for themselves. The use of advanced directives has implications directing the course of end-of-life care affecting both the cost and direction of care. Advance directives can clarify confusion and provide guidance, but their implementation is not clearly defined within the healthcare system. Despite their implications, multiple surveys indicate these documents have limited use within the United States for reasons that are not easily isolated including lack of knowledge of advanced directives and lack of ...


Higher Medication Administration Errors Associated With Automated Dispensing System Usage, Jillian Cramer 2017 DePaul University

Higher Medication Administration Errors Associated With Automated Dispensing System Usage, Jillian Cramer

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

According to a report by The Institute of Medicine, medical errors were associated with up to 98,000 deaths and more than 1 million injuries each year in the United States. These errors can result in poor outcomes, which increase harm or death. According to the Pennsylvania Patient Safety Reporting System, up to 15% of errors reported cite automated dispensing cabinets as the source of the drug involved in the error.Nearly 58% to 70% of hospitals nationwide use automated dispensing cabinets. Nurses play a critical role in promoting patient safety by surveilling and intercepting any possible errors that could ...


Effective Methods For Domestic Violence Screening In The Emergency Department, Megan Bryan 2017 DePaul University

Effective Methods For Domestic Violence Screening In The Emergency Department, Megan Bryan

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: The CDC reports that one in four women and one in ten men will experience some form of domestic violence in their lifetime that will have either a short-term or long-term impact on their well-being. Often the first place these victims are seen where they can receive help is the emergency department. Objectives: The goal of this systematic integrative literature review was to explore existing literature on domestic violence screening methods used in the emergency department and determine which methods prove most effective. Concurrently, this review examined the barriers to effective domestic violence screening and how nursing education ...


Adverse Psychological Effects Of Patients In Medical Isolation Due To Healthcare-Associated Infections, Kristin Brill 2017 DePaul University

Adverse Psychological Effects Of Patients In Medical Isolation Due To Healthcare-Associated Infections, Kristin Brill

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Patients placed in medical isolation due to healthcare-associated infections experience adverse psychological effects that can impact their quality of life.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review was to identify the adverse effects of patients in medical isolation as well as explore coping strategies that can be used to decrease these adverse effects.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted using the databases of CINAHL, PsychInfo, PubMed, and PsychArticles. Search terms included adverse effects, negative effects, effects, adverse outcomes, negative outcomes, isolation precautions, contact isolation, droplet isolation, airborne isolation, isolation, coping and psychology.

Results: Five common adverse psychological ...


Implementation Of An Evidenced-Based Practice Curriculum To Improve Nursing Practice For Epidural Administration And Monitoring, Chatty O'Keeffe 2017 University of South Carolina - Beaufort

Implementation Of An Evidenced-Based Practice Curriculum To Improve Nursing Practice For Epidural Administration And Monitoring, Chatty O'Keeffe

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Epidural analgesia (EA) is one inpatient pain management option prescribed by Acute Pain Services (APS) at VA Puget Sound Health Care Services (VAPSHCS). Historically, EA nursing care at VAPSHCS has been managed by surgical units. However, in the last two years, facility restructuring and budget constraints have led to reorganization and consolidation of units. The reduction in units providing nursing EA care has resulted in an overflow of EA patients to the medical intensive care unit (MICU). A previous gap analysis of the compliance in nursing performance of EA nursing care on the surgical acute care unit demonstrated poor ...


Chest Pain Protocol Order Set, Andrey Kulikov 2017 The University of San Francisco

Chest Pain Protocol Order Set, Andrey Kulikov

Master's Projects and Capstones

The goal of this project is to implement a chest pain protocol order set in order to increase the nurse-initiated chest pain protocol by 50%. The project was implemented in a Emergency Department (ED) that has problems with understaffing and patient crowding. RN-initiated chest pain orders are implemented 11% of the time and 89% by physicians. RNs initiated orders in less than 10 minutes while 50% of physician orders are initiated over 30 minutes. This results in delayed care and decreases patient flow. A chest pain protocol order set was designed based on the approved nursing protocol policy. 90% of ...


The Clinical Nurse Leader As Risk Anticipator: Optimizing The Completion And Accuracy Of The Code Blue Recorder Sheet, Catherine Morano 2017 The University of San Francisco

The Clinical Nurse Leader As Risk Anticipator: Optimizing The Completion And Accuracy Of The Code Blue Recorder Sheet, Catherine Morano

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

  • A small community hospital in northern California implemented a practice improvement project in critical care units to optimize best practices surrounding a “code blue” event. In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (IHCA) is a high-risk process of care that requires tremendous resources to deliver an efficient, safe, and cost-effective service. The code blue recorder sheet summarizes the whole patient care event; this necessitates careful documentation. As a risk anticipator, the unit clinical nurse leader identified suboptimal variation in documentation after a microsystem assessment. This led to a practice change project and targeted educational intervention for code blue recorders. Fifteen staff members were ...


Pulmonary Embolism, Tonya Day 2017 Otterbein University

Pulmonary Embolism, Tonya Day

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

The pathophysiological topic of acute pulmonary embolism was chosen to increase the knowledge base and provide additional information to assist with moving forward from a registered nurse to an Advance Practicing Nurse. Working as a full-time registered nurse in the emergency department, the working diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism is something that is ruled out on many patients with complaints of shortness of breath, chest pain, or decrease in pulse oximetry. Since a patient with an acute pulmonary embolism can have both typical and atypical symptoms, the death rate can be very high, if not caught earlier enough. An acute ...


Acute Bronchospasm Under General Anesthesia, Cody Rasmussen 2017 Otterbein University

Acute Bronchospasm Under General Anesthesia, Cody Rasmussen

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

An acute bronchospasm during general anesthesia can become a life-threatening intraoperative condition for any patient. Bronchospasm occurs when the bronchial smooth muscle constricts which makes ventilating the patient difficult, and can ultimately lead to hypoventilation, hypoxemia, and metabolic acidosis. It’s imperative for any anesthesia provider to understand what a bronchospasm is, its pathophysiology, differential diagnosis, and algorithm of treatments. This poster presentation provides a summary based discussion of acute bronchospasm under general anesthesia.


Sepsis, Sarah Jones 2017 Otterbein University

Sepsis, Sarah Jones

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Sepsis is a dysregulation of the inflammatory response, termed systemic inflammatory response syndrome or SIRS, caused by stimulation of an infectious process. Sepsis often leads to organ dysfunction and increased morbidity, mortality and financial burdens. The goal of treatment is to initiate appropriate antimicrobial therapies, target the underlying infection, optimize intravascular volume, provide fluid resuscitation and maintain adequate perfusion and stroke volume (Taeb, Hooper & Marik, 2017).

Timing of treatment and early detection of sepsis is critical to patients with early warning signs. Sharing this information and potentially making a difference in the outcomes of patients presenting with early signs of ...


Traumatic Induced Coagulopathy, Paul DeVore 2017 Otterbein University

Traumatic Induced Coagulopathy, Paul Devore

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Trauma is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the United States. For years patients have been resuscitated in a similar method without improvement in survival of the most severely injured cohort. While acidemia, hypoxia, and hypothermia have long been recognized as complicating factors in the care of trauma patients, it is only recently that research has led to a greater understanding of the pathophysiology of this deadly trio. Coagulopathy of trauma is a multi factorial process which is now being recognized as the proximate cause of death in many patients. This poster examines the pathophysiology and nursing interventions ...


Local Anesthesia Toxicity, Nicole McCleery 2017 Otterbein University

Local Anesthesia Toxicity, Nicole Mccleery

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Local anesthesia (LA) provides a way to relieve temporary pain in a small part of the body and has been used for over 100 years (Fencl, 2015). LA also prevents the passage of surgical stimuli into the central nervous system (CNS) making a surgical procedure less painful for the patient (Noble, 2015). According to Noble, “altering the passage of stimuli from smaller diameter neurons in a confined area with lower drug dosages is called LA, such as the injection of LA around a surgical incision” (Noble, 2015, p.325). LA can be used in a variety of settings, such as ...


Sepsis To Septic Shock, Seth Whitlow 2017 Otterbein University

Sepsis To Septic Shock, Seth Whitlow

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Abstract

The diagnosis of sepsis has long been part of medicine, however ambiguous definitions, treatment modalities, and research criteria have not provided a unified understanding of the disease. In 2016, international healthcare practitioners convened a panel of experts and developed criteria that defined sepsis as ‘life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by dysregulated host response to infection’. The pathogenesis of sepsis and septic shock is complex and make understanding physiological host response to infection difficult. Evidence shows that with each passing hour patient mortality is increased when treatment is withheld. Sepsis has proven an elusive diagnosis where one size does not fit ...


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