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Increasing Early Mobility Of Patients In The Intensive Care Unit, Wendie Gilliam 2018 The University of San Francisco

Increasing Early Mobility Of Patients In The Intensive Care Unit, Wendie Gilliam

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

This project occurred in a 35-bed intensive care unit at a level II trauma center in central California. The purpose of this project was to strengthen the implementation of evidence-based initiatives promoted by the Society of Critical Care Medicine. The Society of Critical Care Medicine has a set of initiatives for the intensive care units nationwide to improve the outcomes for patients. One of the initiatives is the ICU Liberation, which includes six different bundles labeled: A, B, C, D, E, & F (Society of Critical Care Medicine ,2013). Their studies showed a significant improvement in the outcomes for the ...


When Disaster Strikes: A Training Intervention To Improve Nurses' Confidence And Preparedness For The Surge, Nichole M. Weber 2018 Valparaiso University

When Disaster Strikes: A Training Intervention To Improve Nurses' Confidence And Preparedness For The Surge, Nichole M. Weber

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

There has been an exponential rise in mass casualty incidents (MCI) internationally. These human induced and naturally occurring events have affected over 4.6 billion people, and are not discriminatory to region or community (World Health Organization, 2011). Governing bodies require training and education, but nurses continue to report suboptimal competence and self-reported readiness, and a need for standardized, evidence-based training remains. The purpose if this evidence-based practice project is to authenticate current research supporting implementation of competency-based education, to improve nurses’ self- perceived preparedness and confidence in their ability to respond to MCI. The project results can be utilized ...


The Impact Of Diabetes Mellitus On Burns And Standard Burn Treatments, Emma Shepard 2018 Liberty University

The Impact Of Diabetes Mellitus On Burns And Standard Burn Treatments, Emma Shepard

Senior Honors Theses

Burns are complex injuries that trigger the stress response and result in increased blood glucose. Diabetes mellitus, an endocrine disorder with abnormal glucose regulation, can significantly alter the risk for burns and the treatment of burns. Pre-existing diabetes mellitus complicates burn treatments and healing ability. Diabetes mellitus may also develop directly from an unregulated stress response to the burn. The consideration of diabetes mellitus affects wound care, medications, and nutrition for burn patients. As patient advocates, nurses are responsible for caring for burn patients with awareness of endocrine complications. This paper provides a detailed overview of the pathophysiology, complications, and ...


Nursing Compliance With Vap Bundle, Taylor Meadows 2018 Murray State University

Nursing Compliance With Vap Bundle, Taylor Meadows

Scholars Week

It has been proposed that by initiating the highest percentages of nursing compliance, overall patient outcomes will improve along with a decrease in the number of ventilator-associated events (VAEs). The aim of the study is to appraise the association between nursing compliance with a ventilator bundle and a successful decline in the number of events of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in the intensive care unit (ICU). The study also provides evidence-based direction on the best nursing practices essential to reducing the rates of VAP. Objectives include expanding the awareness of critical care staff on prevention and compliance and to improve teamwork ...


Impressions Of Participants In A Chemical Mass Casualty Exercise, Ethan J. Start, Joan M. Culley, Abbas Tavakoli 2018 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Impressions Of Participants In A Chemical Mass Casualty Exercise, Ethan J. Start, Joan M. Culley, Abbas Tavakoli

Senior Theses

A mass casualty exercise was performed to investigate triage and decontamination of patients exposed to an irritant gas. Nursing students participated in two groups: emergency department triage (ED) and decontamination (DECON). While participants felt overall that the experience was valuable, DECON participants had a greater interest in emergency response and were more likely to volunteer again.


Transitioning Experienced General Care Float Pool Nurses To A Critical Care Float Pool, Troy T. Betts, DNP, MSN, RN-BC 2018 George Washington University

Transitioning Experienced General Care Float Pool Nurses To A Critical Care Float Pool, Troy T. Betts, Dnp, Msn, Rn-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: A nationwide nursing shortage has resulted in a significant reduction in the number of qualified nurse applicants for critical care positions. Additional recruitment solutions for critical care staffing needed to be explored.

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to evaluate the effectiveness of an orientation program designed to transition experienced general care trained float pool nurses to a critical care float pool.

Methods: This descriptive study measured participants’ pre and post critical care orientation knowledge, and completion of core computerized competencies. Critical thinking questions, unit-based competencies, and measurement of participants’ individual perception of competence were also completed. Pre ...


A Pediatric Respiratory Care Curriculum For Emergency Department Nurses, Luzmaria Alcala-Van Houten 2018 California State University, Northern California Consortium Doctor of Nursing Practice

A Pediatric Respiratory Care Curriculum For Emergency Department Nurses, Luzmaria Alcala-Van Houten

Doctoral Projects

As pediatric visits to community hospitals increase, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the Pediatric Emergency Care Network (PECARN) recommend that staff be provided improved education, protocols, and resources to improve patient outcomes (Emergency Medical Services for Children, n.d.). Acute respiratory disorders are the most commonly seen complaints in children aged 0–24 months, with an average of 2–4 visits a year. The purpose of this Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) project is to create a pediatric respiratory care curriculum for emergency department nurses in the Kaiser Permanente Central Valley Area (CVA) and to have it evaluated by ...


Can Standardizing Cabg Care With Clinical Pathways Reduce Length Of Stay And Hospital Acquired Infections?, Seana Friedman 2018 Seton Hall University

Can Standardizing Cabg Care With Clinical Pathways Reduce Length Of Stay And Hospital Acquired Infections?, Seana Friedman

Seton Hall University DNP Final Projects

Clinical pathways are a common component in the quest to improve the quality of health. Clinical pathways are used to reduce variation, improve quality of care and maximize the outcomes for specific groups of patients (Lawal, et al., 2016). The purpose of this project is to develop and initiate a Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) clinical pathway to reduce variation in care as a way to improve quality of care and patient outcomes for CABG patients CABG surgery is considered a high risk, high cost, yet highly profitable surgery with considerable post-operative complications that affect numerous quality metrics including Length ...


A Correlation Between Parental Visitation Neglect And Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Psychosis: An Integrative Literature Review, Alia Mohammad 2018 DePaul University

A Correlation Between Parental Visitation Neglect And Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Psychosis: An Integrative Literature Review, Alia Mohammad

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Abstract

Background: Pediatric intensive care unit psychosis is a serious disorder where patients experience anxiety, hallucinations, delirium, and other symptoms, setting them back in their recovery process during their hospital stay.

Purpose: This study is an integrative literature review aimed at the use of evidence based practices to establish the most effective solution in preventing ICU psychosis in pediatric patients, and discovering if parental presence is a factor to successful recovery.

Methods: WorldCat.org, MEDLINE, ABI/INFORM Complete, Academic Search Complete, OAlster, PsycARTICLES, ERIC, Business Source Complete, and Computers & Applied Sciences Complete were searched using the keywords pediatric, intensive care unit, and psychosis.

Results: This topic has not been studied well however; the literature review examined various factors that impact the mental, physical ...


What’S In A Name: Performance Improvement, Evidence-Based Practice, And Research?, Andrea Prentiss, Eve Butler 2018 Baptist Hospital of Miami, Miami Cancer Institute, Baptist Health South Florida

What’S In A Name: Performance Improvement, Evidence-Based Practice, And Research?, Andrea Prentiss, Eve Butler

Nursing & Health Sciences Research Journal

No abstract provided.


Identifying Nurse’S Perspectives And Practices About Clinical Monitor Alarm Burden And Alarm Fatigue., Doreen M. Legere 2018 University of Kentucky

Identifying Nurse’S Perspectives And Practices About Clinical Monitor Alarm Burden And Alarm Fatigue., Doreen M. Legere

DNP Projects

PURPOSE: To obtain insight into the nursing culture of the University of Kentucky Medical Center (UKMC) regarding alarm fatigue, measure nuisance alarm events, and identify the practices nurses at UKMC engage in to manage alarm pollution and mitigate alarm burden. Moreover, this practice improvement project identified how innovations like the introduction of a monitor watcher has impacted the rates of nuisance alarms and influenced nursing culture.

METHODS: A online survey based on the 2011 Healthcare Technology Foundation Alarms Survey (HTF) was sent to nurses in two intensive care units at UK Healthcare (UKHC). The results of the 2017 UKHC Alarm ...


Evaluation Of A Staff Resilience Program In A Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Stacy Flanders 2018 University of Kentucky

Evaluation Of A Staff Resilience Program In A Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Stacy Flanders

DNP Projects

Abstract

Background: Compassion fatigue (CF) and secondary traumatic stress (STS) is prevalent in intensive care nurses, especially in pediatric intensive care nurses (PICU). CF/STS leads to burnout, reduced employee engagement, and nursing turnover.

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to evaluate the impact of a staff resilience program on nursing turnover, employee engagement and improved compassion satisfaction/ resilience among nurses in a PICU.

Methods: A retrospective pre-test and post-test design was used to evaluate the impact on turnover and engagement after implementation of the staff resilience program. Comparison of RN turnover and engagement results pre-implementation were compared to ...


Intensive Care Admissions: Predicting Palliative Care Needs In The First 24 Hours, Ashton Miller 2018 University of Kentucky

Intensive Care Admissions: Predicting Palliative Care Needs In The First 24 Hours, Ashton Miller

DNP Projects

Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective analysis was to determine the proportion of intensive care admissions that required palliative care services during the same admission assessed by an investigator-developed palliative care screening tool. This study also analyzed the screening tool for the number of criteria producing the highest sensitivity and specificity for a palliative care consult occurring during the same hospital stay. METHODS: Retrospective data collection and analysis were performed by randomly selecting 110 patients records from a report obtained through the electronic health record, Epic. The sample was drawn from patients admitted to a medicine intensive care unit ...


The Effect Of An American Heart Association Telephone Follow-Up Intervention On Knowledge And Self-Efficacy In Rural Heart Failure Patients, Haley Fuller 2018 University of Kentucky

The Effect Of An American Heart Association Telephone Follow-Up Intervention On Knowledge And Self-Efficacy In Rural Heart Failure Patients, Haley Fuller

DNP Projects

Background: An increased national and local prevalence of heart failure fostered a review of the evidence to identify best practice interventions focusing on improving self-care and knowledge. Heart failure remains a leading cause of 30-day readmission in the United States and in Madisonville, Kentucky, the site of study. A review of the literature emphasized improving transitions from hospital to home with a multi-dimensional approach. Self-care and knowledge were identified as major determinants to adequately prepare a patient to manage this chronic disease. A pre- and post quasi experimental study was performed at a rural hospital in Kentucky. Objective: The goal ...


Evaluation Of A Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool Quality Initiative, Caissy Goe 2018 University of Kentucky, College of Nursing

Evaluation Of A Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool Quality Initiative, Caissy Goe

DNP Projects

Background: Patients unable to self-report pain are at increased risk for inadequate pain management and less than optimal outcomes. The implementation of behavioral pain scales, such as the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT), have demonstrated an improvement in pain management and patient outcomes.

Local Problem: A lack of the routine use of behavioral pain scales for mechanically ventilated patients unable to self-report pain was identified as a significant barrier to optimal pain and agitation management.

Methods: A retrospective pre and post design was used to evaluate the effectiveness and impact of a CPOT quality initiative on the management of pain ...


Implementation Of The Stop Bang Screening Instrument For Obstructive Sleep Apnea Within The Intensive Care Unit And 5 East Cardiac Unit, MICHAEL T. LUSH 2018 University of Kentucky

Implementation Of The Stop Bang Screening Instrument For Obstructive Sleep Apnea Within The Intensive Care Unit And 5 East Cardiac Unit, Michael T. Lush

DNP Projects

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have found that OSA without the use of CPAP is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and hypertension, which can lead to myocardial infarction (MI) and cerebral vascular accident (CVA) or stroke. This increases patient morbidity and mortality rates as well as medical costs. In those suffering from a myocardial infarction (MI) or cardiovascular accident (CVA), an important intervention is proper screening for the presence of OSA while in the acute care setting. The STOP BANG screening instrument is a simple yet effective tool in assessing for sleep apnea symptoms with a respective sensitivity of ...


Assessment Of Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome Incidence And Identification Of Other Correlating Risk Factors In Patients Admitted Through The Emergency Department, Hannah Young 2018 University of Kentucky

Assessment Of Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome Incidence And Identification Of Other Correlating Risk Factors In Patients Admitted Through The Emergency Department, Hannah Young

DNP Projects

PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to measure adherence rates to the current alcohol use screening process, and identification of correlations of alcohol use and outcomes in patients admitted to Norton Hospital, via the emergency department.

METHODS: The study design is a retrospective descriptive evaluation, of adherence to the current alcohol use screening process, and associations among age, gender, ethnicity, length of stay, number of ICU days, restraint use days, level of care at admission (ICU, TCU, LLM/tele, MS), incidence of AWS/DTs, and activation of the CIWA protocol among the adult inpatient population of Norton Hospital’s ...


Pediatric Delirium: Development Of A Standard Of Practice In A Cvicu And Picu Setting, Frances Gililand 2018 University of Kentucky

Pediatric Delirium: Development Of A Standard Of Practice In A Cvicu And Picu Setting, Frances Gililand

DNP Projects

Pediatric delirium remains a significant cause of morbidity in pediatric critical care resulting in longer lengths of stay and increased healthcare costs that may extend beyond critical illness. Prevalence rates of pediatric delirium in pediatric intensive care settings are 20%. Not all children’s hospitals regularly assess for pediatric delirium. At the time of this project, the assessment of pediatric delirium was not a standard of practice at John Hopkins All Children’s Hospital (JHACH). Examining provider’s experience, knowledge and self-efficacy of pediatric delirium was the primary aim of this project. The secondary aim was to use information obtained ...


Prone Positioning In Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Patients, Sarah Rose H. Thornton 2018 University of Central Florida

Prone Positioning In Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Patients, Sarah Rose H. Thornton

Honors in the Major Theses

Introduction: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), seen in critically ill patients, is a disease process that affects the lungs and directly impacts a patient’s oxygenation. Despite treatment, patients often die of ARDS secondary to systemic complications. Prone positioning has been introduced as a treatment to improve the outcomes of ARDS patients. This thesis summarized and critiqued recent literature on the outcomes of prone positioning in ARDS patients.

Methodology: An initial literature search was conducted using CINAHL Plus with Text, Medline, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. Multiple search terms were ...


Appreciating The Golden Hour: A Comparative Interdisciplinary Study, Taylor Tachon 2018 University of Central Florida

Appreciating The Golden Hour: A Comparative Interdisciplinary Study, Taylor Tachon

Honors in the Major Theses

Within the health care, many medical professionals know about the critical time restraints for provisions of care within their discipline, but do not know the term "The Golden Hour". The Golden Hour is a term indicating the universal time restraint found within every area of health care and more specifically, every area of nursing. The term and concept represented by it should be recognized to better the outcomes of our patients. Although the Golden Hour typically indicates a 60-minute period of time, various settings recognize shorter and longer periods during which specific actions must be taken to assure positive patient ...


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