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Stress As A Contributing Factor For Pediatric Obesity: Literature Review And Internship Experience, Jessica Handley 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Stress As A Contributing Factor For Pediatric Obesity: Literature Review And Internship Experience, Jessica Handley

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

This article is an examination of how stress drives diet and physical activity behaviors that contribute to pediatric obesity in the United States. An increasing rate of childhood obesity is being reported in the United States and therefore a multitude of studies and reviews have been conducted on the topic. This review of the literature systematically analyzes how stress, diet, and physical activity behaviors contribute to this rising rate of pediatric obesity. An analysis of the chosen articles for review indicates that stress and its counterpart (resilience) tend to be driving forces in how American children and adolescents participate in ...


The Opioid Crisis: Evaluating Current Practices And Outcomes For Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Deborah A. Mendoza 2021 Dominican University of California

The Opioid Crisis: Evaluating Current Practices And Outcomes For Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Deborah A. Mendoza

Nursing | Senior Theses

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) in the infant are severe symptoms from opioid exposure in utero. These symptoms include: “central nervous system irritability, autonomic over-reactivity, and gastrointestinal tract dysfunction” (Ko et al., 2016). The treatment for NAS can be a combination of drug therapy and non-pharmacological interventions, but a standardized treatment is lacking. A review of this literature aims to evaluate the available interventions that lead to decreased symptom severity, reduction of length of hospital stay, and a reduction in the use of drug therapy. As a result of the literature review, the nurse researcher supports the standardization of treatment and ...


Outcomes Of A Positive Patient Id Campaign At A Pediatric Quaternary Care Center, Taylor Kim MD, Arjun M. Dangre BDS MPH, Andrea L. Davis MPH CIC, Betty J. Reeves MHA, MT (ASCP), Omobola T. Durojaiye MSN, RN-BC 2021 Baylor College of Medicine

Outcomes Of A Positive Patient Id Campaign At A Pediatric Quaternary Care Center, Taylor Kim Md, Arjun M. Dangre Bds Mph, Andrea L. Davis Mph Cic, Betty J. Reeves Mha, Mt (Ascp), Omobola T. Durojaiye Msn, Rn-Bc

Journal of Nursing & Interprofessional Leadership in Quality & Safety

Introduction. Positive patient identification (PPID) is critical to safe and accurate labeling of patient lab specimens. Accurate PPID is also an important priority of The Joint Commission’s National Safety Goals. Inadequate PPID compromises may lead to waste of time and resources, and in the worst-case scenario can lead to significant patient morbidity and mortality. With a focus on PPID, this initiative examined the occurrence of mislabeled and unlabeled lab specimens as well as compliance with wearing ID bands in a cohort of hematology/oncology and bone marrow transplant inpatients at a large pediatric quaternary care center.

Methods. Using the ...


Hair Care Catered To You, Sarah Reynolds, Meg Sorg 2021 Purdue University

Hair Care Catered To You, Sarah Reynolds, Meg Sorg

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

People of color face barriers in healthcare every day, and my goal was to address one of these barriers. Healthcare settings stock products that are tailored for Caucasian hair and skin, so I wanted to add products targeted for Black patients' skin and hair. I added shampoo and lotion to the supply closet of Peyton Manning Children's Hospital as well as bonnets and durags for the patients to wrap their hair in to protect it while they sleep or rest. African American hair and skin requires different care. This is something that often goes unnoticed by healthcare professionals, and ...


“Education Is Definitely Key”: An Interpretive Description Of Nursing Students’ Experiences With Pediatric Oral Health Nursing Education, Jill Bally, Shelley Spurr 2021 University of Saskatchewan, College of Nursing

“Education Is Definitely Key”: An Interpretive Description Of Nursing Students’ Experiences With Pediatric Oral Health Nursing Education, Jill Bally, Shelley Spurr

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

In North America, dental disease is the leading pediatric chronic illness. Poor oral health influences a child’s ability to speak, eat, and socialize and has been linked with heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. Despite overwhelming evidence that poor oral health can have lifelong and systemic influences on overall well-being, comprehensive oral health care has not been emphasized in nursing education. The purpose of this study was to explore third-year nursing students’ perceptions and experiences with pediatric oral health nursing education through an interpretive description approach. Data for analysis gathered in focus group interviews resulted in three main themes: nursing ...


“I Can’T Be The Nurse I Want To Be”: Stories Of Moral Distress In Pediatric Oncology Nurses’ Caregiving Narratives, Monica L. Molinaro 2021 The University of Western Ontario

“I Can’T Be The Nurse I Want To Be”: Stories Of Moral Distress In Pediatric Oncology Nurses’ Caregiving Narratives, Monica L. Molinaro

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis presents the caregiving narratives of nine pediatric oncology nurses that illustrate the embeddedness of their caregiving and moral distress within institutional contexts that limit their capacity to be the nurses they want to be. Informed by the concepts of moral distress, bearing witness, and narrative repair, a critical narrative methodology was employed to examine the nurses’ caregiving experiences in relation to broader discourses and neoliberal, corporatized health care settings. The nurses’ stories were marked by ambivalence and moral distress and are presented in four narrative themes, which illustrate: the nurses’ struggles to complete their tasks and address multiple ...


The Effect Of Pre-Procedural Opioid Video Education On Pediatric Patients Undergoing Orthopedic Surgery, Amy Pham 2021 University of Missouri-St. Louis

The Effect Of Pre-Procedural Opioid Video Education On Pediatric Patients Undergoing Orthopedic Surgery, Amy Pham

Dissertations

Problem The opioid epidemic is a continuing public health threat, growing amongst the pediatric population. Contributing to the issue are their accessibility within the community, and lack of education on safe storage and disposal of opioids.

Methods For this quality improvement (QI) project, a descriptive observational study design was used to identify the opioid storage and disposal habits of patients and their caregivers at home. The participant and caregiver dyads were shown a brief opioid educational video pre-operatively and were followed up with via emailed survey two weeks post-operatively. The survey contained questions pertaining to disposal and storage habits of ...


Preventing Ocular Surface Disease In The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Emily Mallette 2021 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Preventing Ocular Surface Disease In The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Emily Mallette

Dissertations

Preventing Ocular Surface Disease in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit


Problem: Ocular surface disease in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit is a significant problem in intubated patients due to altered eye protective mechanics, leading to exposure of the eye surface and dry eye. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to evaluate how an eye care protocol affected the frequency of artificial tear ointment administration.

Method: A descriptive, cohort design utilizing a retrospective chart review with convenience sampling of intubated children in the PICU from two cohorts was used. Comparisons were made between the preintervention cohort in 2020 and ...


Evaluation Of A Dirfloortime® Program For Autism Spectrum Disorder, Jennifer L. Pipitone 2021 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Evaluation Of A Dirfloortime® Program For Autism Spectrum Disorder, Jennifer L. Pipitone

Dissertations

Problem. Parents with children who have neurodevelopmental disorders, such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience high levels of parenting stress. The prevalence of ASD is on the rise in the United States. As a result, there has been an increase in the use of treatment modalities, in effort to better understand which modalities have the most positive impact on children and their parents. DIRFloortime® is a developmental treatment modality used to help strengthen the parent-child bond and used to decrease parental-child stress. The Autism Parenting Stress Index (APSI) measures the impact of an intervention ...


Intimate Partner Violence Education For High School Students, Morgan Foster 2021 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Intimate Partner Violence Education For High School Students, Morgan Foster

Dissertations

Problem Adolescents are at risk for experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). As early as seventh grade, over half of adolescents have reported being in a romantic relationship. Adolescent screening for and education of IPV is minimal, and only the Healthy Relationships Quiz developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [HHS] screens young adolescents across all aspects of IPV, including psychological and sexual violence. The purpose of this project was to develop an IPV education plan for high school students in a health course.

Methods An educational lesson plan for IPV was created for high school teachers ...


Exploring The Relationship Between Covid-19 Unit Designation And Nurse Burnout Syndrome, Gisele Bazan, Tiffany Patterson, Kelsey Sawyer, Jamie Roney, Erin Whitley, Sahar Mihandoust, JoAnn Long 2021 Covenant Medical Center

Exploring The Relationship Between Covid-19 Unit Designation And Nurse Burnout Syndrome, Gisele Bazan, Tiffany Patterson, Kelsey Sawyer, Jamie Roney, Erin Whitley, Sahar Mihandoust, Joann Long

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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic impacted healthcare due to surges in infected patient and respiratory failure. Nursing burnout syndrome (NBS) results from occupational factors leading to mental health problems. Nurses working in intensive care units (ICUs) dedicated to caring for COVID-19infected individuals may be even more susceptible to NBS due to increased burdens of futile care delivery and high mortality rates within overstretched healthcare systems. Identifying socio-demographic, work-related, and psychological predictors of NBS may help organizations mitigate, or at least minimize, the negative psychological impact on ICU nurses working during future pandemics.

Purpose/Aims: The aim of this study was to ...


Serum Micronutrient Status, Sleep Quality And Neurobehavioral Function Among Early Adolescents, Xiaopeng Ji, Charlene W. Compher, Sharon Y. Irving, Jinyoung Kim, David F. Dinges, Jianghong Liu 2021 University of Delaware

Serum Micronutrient Status, Sleep Quality And Neurobehavioral Function Among Early Adolescents, Xiaopeng Ji, Charlene W. Compher, Sharon Y. Irving, Jinyoung Kim, David F. Dinges, Jianghong Liu

Nursing Faculty Publications

Objective: To examine associations between serum micronutrients and neurobehavioral function and the mediating role of sleep quality in early adolescents. Design: In this cross-sectional study, peripheral blood samples were analyzed for iron and zinc levels. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Penn Computerized Neurocognitive Battery were used to assess sleep quality and neurobehavioral function, respectively. The generalized linear regressions (bootstrap) were performed to estimate the associations. Setting: Jintan, China Participants: 226 adolescents (106 females) from the Jintan Child Cohort study. Results: Adolescents with low iron (< 75 ug/dl) (OR=1.29, p=0.04) and low zinc (< 70 ug/dl) (OR=1.58, p0.05). Conclusion: Iron and zinc deficiencies may possibly be associated with poor sleep and neurobehavioral function among early adolescents. Poor sleep may partially mediate the relationship between micronutrients and neurobehavioral function.


Sunscreen Use And Screening In College Athletes: An Evidence-Based Pilot Project, Nicole Brustkern BSN, RN, CPN, Sharon Boothe-Kepple PhD, MSN, FNP-C, PHN (Chickasaw) 2021 University of San Diego Hahn School of Nursing

Sunscreen Use And Screening In College Athletes: An Evidence-Based Pilot Project, Nicole Brustkern Bsn, Rn, Cpn, Sharon Boothe-Kepple Phd, Msn, Fnp-C, Phn (Chickasaw)

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Background: Melanoma is the third most common cancer in individuals ages 15 – 29. The greatest risk for melanoma is ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. Collegiate athletes are exposed to 1,000 more sun hours per year than the average adult, placing them at higher risk for melanoma. Evidence supports sunscreen education and screening to promote protective behaviors in young adults.

Objective: This evidence-based pilot project implements the standardized screening of sunscreen use and sun protective behaviors in women’s soccer players ages 18 to 21 years old at the University of San Diego.

Methods: The Sun Exposure and Protection ...


Identifying Adverse Childhood Experiences (Aces) In A Federally Qualified Health Center Using The Pediatric Aces And Related Life Events Screener, Melody Albarran-Slovin, BSN, RN 2021 University of San Diego Hahn School of Nursing

Identifying Adverse Childhood Experiences (Aces) In A Federally Qualified Health Center Using The Pediatric Aces And Related Life Events Screener, Melody Albarran-Slovin, Bsn, Rn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Background: Evidence links adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to health issues later in life. Most research has been conducted in adults but there is a lack of recent research on the impact of ACEs in the pediatric population particularly in relation to mental health conditions. Utilizing the Pediatric ACEs Screener (PEARLS) health care providers can screen for ACEs at earlier ages.

Purpose: The aim of this evidence-based project is to determine if there is an increase of newly diagnosed mental health related disorders when using PEARLS compared to not using PEARLS in the previous months before implementation.

Methods: ACEs were identified ...


Managing Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis In The Allergy Clinic: Use Of An Eczema Action Plan To Improve Caregiver Understanding And Self-Efficacy, A Pilot Study, Danielle Hubacek 2021 University of San Diego

Managing Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis In The Allergy Clinic: Use Of An Eczema Action Plan To Improve Caregiver Understanding And Self-Efficacy, A Pilot Study, Danielle Hubacek

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a complex and chronic condition that affects approximately 10% of children throughout the United States (Brown et al., 2018). The American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) (2017) estimates the average cost of eczema management for each patient is approximately $3,302 per year. The complex nature of atopic dermatitis indicates a need for individualized treatment plans. Research has shown that standardized patient teaching, written education materials, and Eczema Action Plans (EAP) reinforce patient teaching, parental understanding, and improve quality of life. This evidence-based practice (EBP) project introduces the use of a written Eczema Action ...


Treatment Anxiety Education For Pediatric Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Patients, An Evidence Based Project, Mary Nagel 2021 University of San Diego

Treatment Anxiety Education For Pediatric Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Patients, An Evidence Based Project, Mary Nagel

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

Background

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect and affects almost 1% of all live births. Treatment anxiety is common among children with CHD who undergo multiple procedures early in their lifetime. Dramatically increased life spans for this cardiac population has led to a shift from focusing on survival to their long-term health outcomes.

Methods:

Administration of the Peds QL Cardiac Module 3.0 assesses health related quality of life (HRQOL) during annual visits to a Cardiac Neurodevelopmental (ND) Clinic by evaluating the level of Treatment Anxiety a patient experiences during healthcare appointments. The questionnaire scores ...


A Systematic Review: The Impact Of Social Support Programs On Caregiver Burnout For Caregivers Of Children With Cancer, Vanessa Otamendi, Jalaya Graves, Autumn Whitley, Joanna Juarez, Helena Walker 2021 Kennesaw State University

A Systematic Review: The Impact Of Social Support Programs On Caregiver Burnout For Caregivers Of Children With Cancer, Vanessa Otamendi, Jalaya Graves, Autumn Whitley, Joanna Juarez, Helena Walker

Symposium of Student Scholars

Title: A Systematic Review: The Impact of Social Support Programs on Caregiver Burnout for Caregivers of Children with Cancer

Background: In addition to children diagnosed with cancer, their caregivers may also experience hardship. While caregivers handle their own personal responsibilities, they also provide emotional, physical, and financial support to their children. In addition to the likely stress that occurs from caring for a child with a long-term illness, lack of social support, educational resources, or support programs may lead to caregiver burnout.

Objective: The purpose of the systematic review was to review published research focused on caregiver burnout for caregivers ...


Optimizing Mri Experience For Children Living With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Lyn Tran 2021 The University of San Francisco

Optimizing Mri Experience For Children Living With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Lyn Tran

Master's Theses

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in pediatric patients living with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is often complicated by challenges. The child perceives the MRI environment as abnormal and uncertain of the implications of the procedure. The child may exhibit distress becoming anxious and frightened, reluctant to enter the scanner, and unable to remain still throughout the duration of the procedure. The issue lies within the child’s mental and behavioral challenges to understand and follow the task demands to ensure safety and accurate acquisition of image artifacts. After reviewing literature, observing MRI protocol for pediatric patients, and conducting multiple nursing staff ...


Optimizing Pediatric Preoperative Experiences In The Mri, Ryan Jann 2021 University of San Francisco

Optimizing Pediatric Preoperative Experiences In The Mri, Ryan Jann

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: Over the past decade, the prevalence of children with sensory processing disorders has had a steep upward trend. Youth with hyposensitivity and hypersensitivity conditions often develop enhanced stress and anxiety during the pre-operative admission process in preparation for MRI procedures.

Context: Specialized interventions and accommodations are a necessity for this population however, no preventative measures have been utilized within the outpatient surgical center.

Interventions: Resources were created to better prepare patients and guardians for their MRI visits including: a Social Story Video, Picture & Activity Book, as well as an MRI Toolkit. In addition, a one hour staff inservice on ...


Effects Of Insulin Delivery Pumps On Diabetic Adherence To Treatment In Children And Adolescents, Bailey Brott, Aubrey Crawford, Kynley Swain, Ally Williams, Virattana Phravorachit 2021 Kennesaw State University

Effects Of Insulin Delivery Pumps On Diabetic Adherence To Treatment In Children And Adolescents, Bailey Brott, Aubrey Crawford, Kynley Swain, Ally Williams, Virattana Phravorachit

Symposium of Student Scholars

Abstract

Effects of Insulin Delivery Pumps on Diabetic Adherence to Treatment in Children and Adolescents

Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease characterized by the inability of the body to create and release its own insulin to lower blood sugar. Automatic insulin delivery pumps are a substitute for glucose finger sticks and multiple daily injections to treat DM. These pumps measure patients' glucose levels and administer insulin as needed which may lead to better overall treatment adherence for children and adolescents diagnosed with DM.

Objective: This systematic review aimed to compare the effectiveness of insulin pumps on increased adherence ...


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