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Reducing Annual Emergency Department Visits Through Improved Asthma Discharge Teaching, Alvin R. Walters 2016 University of San Francisco

Reducing Annual Emergency Department Visits Through Improved Asthma Discharge Teaching, Alvin R. Walters

Master's Projects

Asthma is the most common pediatric condition in the United States, and a child's home environment plays an impactful role in the triggering of asthma exacerbations (Harper et al., 2015). Current emergency department (ED) ideology focuses on symptoms management, with little time spent on education, and virtually no attention paid to the home environment. Evidence shows that programs which incorporate home environmental assessments into asthma patient education produce a reduction in annual ED visits, fewer missed school days, decreased use of rescue medications, and improvements in quality of life (Gruber K.J., et al, 2016, Hollenbach J.P. & Cloutier ...


Defining Acute Lung Disease In Children With The Oxygenation Saturation Index, Neal J. Thomas, Michele L. Shaffer, Douglas F. Willson, Mei-Chiung Shih, Martha A. Q. Curley 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Defining Acute Lung Disease In Children With The Oxygenation Saturation Index, Neal J. Thomas, Michele L. Shaffer, Douglas F. Willson, Mei-Chiung Shih, Martha A. Q. Curley

Thomas L. Shaffer

Objective: To evaluate whether a formula could be derived using oxygen saturation (Spo2) to replace Pao2 that would allow identification of children with acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Definitions of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome require arterial blood gases to determine the Pao2/Fio2 ratio of 300 (acute lung injury) and 200 (acute respiratory distress syndrome).

Design: Post hoc data analysis of measurements abstracted from two prospective databases of randomized controlled trials.

Setting: Academic pediatric intensive care units.

Patients: A total of 255 children enrolled in two large prospective trials ...


Development Of A Breastfeeding Class Specifically For Working Moms, Maryleah S. Needels 2016 University of San Francisco

Development Of A Breastfeeding Class Specifically For Working Moms, Maryleah S. Needels

Master's Projects

Successfully breastfeeding mothers who are planning to return to work and remain exclusively breastfeeding their infants have a knowledge deficit as to the federal law protecting their rights along with the basic skills for pumping, storing, and bottle-feeding of breast milk. There is a significant drop in breastfeeding rates at both the 3 and 6-month marker, which coincides with maternal return to employment. After attending the Working Moms Breastfeeding Class, 100% of mothers reported an increase in knowledge surrounding the law and the CDC’s basic skills for handling pumped breast milk based on a pre/post questionnaire. Bandura’s ...


Implementing Change To Decrease The Emergency Department Visits For Pediatric Clients Referred To Mental Health Services, Diane Sandoval 2016 University of San Francisco

Implementing Change To Decrease The Emergency Department Visits For Pediatric Clients Referred To Mental Health Services, Diane Sandoval

Master's Projects

The purpose of this clinical nurse leader (CNL) internship project is to implement an improvement intervention to decrease emergency department visits or psychiatric emergency services visit rates for pediatric clients receiving mental health services through the ambulatory clinic. The goal is to increase client safety by preventing harm to themselves or others and improving quality of care provided through timely nursing telephone triage. The project is taking place in a county run pediatric ambulatory clinic. We will participate in a shared leadership team to make recommendations for improvement at the microsystem level. Team members include the charge nurse, clinic manager ...


Effects Of Pediatric Emergence Delirium Education On Analgesic Administration By Pacu Nurses, Melinda C. Nwanganga 2016 Valparaiso University

Effects Of Pediatric Emergence Delirium Education On Analgesic Administration By Pacu Nurses, Melinda C. Nwanganga

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Emergence delirium (ED) is a behavioral disturbance as a result of general anesthesia that commonly occurs in pediatric patients. Adverse effects of ED lead to a complicated recovery from anesthesia due to the risk of self-inflicted injury of patients, the disturbance of surgical incisions, the development of postoperative maladaptive behaviors, and the increased use of sedatives and analgesics resulting in prolonged recovery time and delayed discharge from the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Due to the multiple ramifications of ED, appropriate care is needed to promote a safe recovery from anesthesia and an optimum perioperative experience for these patients. As PACU ...


Type 1 Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation: The Most Common Lung Lesion In Newborns., Delilah Penn 2016 Otterbein University

Type 1 Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation: The Most Common Lung Lesion In Newborns., Delilah Penn

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

A poster project on Type 1 Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation: The most common lung lesion in newborns.


A Quality Improvement Project On Diagnosis And Management Of Asthma In A Private Pediatric Setting., Sosamma Ashley 2016 A DNP- FNP student graduating on May 19th, 2016

A Quality Improvement Project On Diagnosis And Management Of Asthma In A Private Pediatric Setting., Sosamma Ashley

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Abstract

Background: Although national guidelines exist for the diagnosis and management of asthma, general practice differs significantly from recommendations. Quality improvement methodology when implemented can narrow quality gaps.

Objective: The objective of the project was to create and implement a plan of action to address identified gaps in key clinical activities of asthma care among pediatric population in a private pediatric setting in Northern California

Methods: The project was centered on the use of Education in Quality Improvement for Pediatric Practice (EQIPP), a program of the American Academy of the Pediatrics. Both the pediatrician and the DNP student took this ...


Increasing The Awareness Of Trauma Informed Care In The School Setting: Giving Practitioners The Tools To Actively Participate In Trauma Related Care, Rebekah L. Sypniewski 2016 University of San Francisco

Increasing The Awareness Of Trauma Informed Care In The School Setting: Giving Practitioners The Tools To Actively Participate In Trauma Related Care, Rebekah L. Sypniewski

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Of the approximately 15 million children and adolescents who have a mental health disorders that are interfering with their functioning, a mere 25% seek medical advice or treatment (Melnyk, Kelly, & Lusk, 2014). Furthermore, two thirds of youth report experience at least one traumatic event by age 16 (Suarez, Belcher, Briggs, & Titus, 2012). School health practitioners have regular contact with children and adolescents as they typically attend school five days a week, nine months out of the year. The consistent presence of the relationship between the practitioner and student creates an ideal environment for discussing the sensitive topics necessary to engage ...


Reducing Iv Infiltrates In The Neonatal Population, Stephanie L. Miller 2016 University of San Francisco

Reducing Iv Infiltrates In The Neonatal Population, Stephanie L. Miller

Master's Projects

Abstract

The objective of the CNL project is to improve the quality of care provided to our patients. The project focuses efforts to reduce IV infiltrates by auditing all running IV lines, IV management monitoring and auditing infiltrate grading and documentation to find commonalities that could be causing infiltrates.

The project is focusing on the neonatal population at a children’s hospital in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). This NICU is an 80 bed unit that houses both critical care patients and intermediate care neonates.

Auditing was a major component to the project and helped with identifying common causes ...


Identification Of Student Nurses’ Knowledge And Attitudes Regarding Pediatric Pain Management, Jessica Laprise 2016 University of Connecticut

Identification Of Student Nurses’ Knowledge And Attitudes Regarding Pediatric Pain Management, Jessica Laprise

University Scholar Projects

Background

To determine existing knowledge and attitude gaps about pain assessment and management in junior and senior nursing students at the University of Connecticut (UConn), School of Nursing, Storrs, CT.

Methods

Student nurses were recruited through in person presentation of the study in the classroom setting on three separate occasions over a 20-day period. An email with information included during the presentation as well as the link to the online survey were sent through the School of Nursing listserv. A flyer was attached in the initial email and shown to participants during the initial recruitment meeting. As an incentive, sixty ...


Therapeutic Listening Communication In Children With Autism And Hyperacusis, Jennifer Margaret Hughes 2016 California State University, Northern California Consortium Doctor of Nursing Practice

Therapeutic Listening Communication In Children With Autism And Hyperacusis, Jennifer Margaret Hughes

Doctoral Projects

Hyperacusis, or auditory hypersensitivity, is defined as abnormally sensitive hearing and in some cases an extreme sensitivity, where normally tolerated sounds are perceived as excessively, even painfully loud. This is a debilitating condition for children with autism, causing activity limitations and participation restrictions, also leading to peer isolation and habitual sound avoidance behaviors.

This research explores a means of modifying the auditory environment of a child with hyperacusis in a safe, effective way for the purpose of improving attention span and facilitating learning. The small pilot study (n=4) was a single-subject, multiple-baseline design, conducted with school-aged children in the ...


The Influence Of Birth Weight On Body Mass Index In Young Children In Northwest Arkansas, Margaret Frame 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Influence Of Birth Weight On Body Mass Index In Young Children In Northwest Arkansas, Margaret Frame

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Body Mass Index (BMI) is a screening tool to measure body fat that is calculated based on the height, weight, age, and gender of a child. Being overweight as a child is defined as having a BMI between the 85th and 95th percentiles. Obesity is defined as having a BMI at or above the 95th percentile (“Basics About Childhood Obesity,” 2012). Having a high BMI comes with an increased risk of multiple co-morbidities, both physical and psychosocial (Pulgarón, 2013). Birth weight has been presumed to play a role in the prevalence of obesity in children. The purpose ...


Using Focus Groups To Identify Ways To Reduce Infant Mortality In Kalamazoo, Leah Dries 2016 Western Michigan University

Using Focus Groups To Identify Ways To Reduce Infant Mortality In Kalamazoo, Leah Dries

Honors Theses

Study goals were to explore maternal perceptions of possible ways to reduce infant mortality in Kalamazoo County, with specific regards to the infant mortality rates of non-Hispanic African American babies versus non-Hispanic Caucasian babies. Two focus groups were conducted of voluntary, anonymous, participants from the YWCA domestic violence shelter and clients of home visiting services provided by the Kalamazoo County Department of Health and Community Services. The focus groups were guided allowing women to voice their opinions about ways to prevent infant mortality in Kalamazoo. Women were also asked to respond to the goals created by a community planning committee ...


The Presence Of Stem Cells In Human Breast Milk And Research Implications, Melody (Brooke) Peterson 2016 Liberty University

The Presence Of Stem Cells In Human Breast Milk And Research Implications, Melody (Brooke) Peterson

Senior Honors Theses

Stem cell therapy research is an expanding area of study as stem cell therapy is believed to have the potential to provide treatment options for numerous disease processes. Currently, embryonic stem cell research is the method of choice to evaluate the potential for stem cell therapy. The use of human embryos for stem cell research raises moral and ethical controversies. Stem cells are found in a variety of mediums, but until the recent discovery of stem cells in human breast milk, the most versatile stem cells have been those found in the human embryo. Human breast milk stem cells could ...


Evaluation Of Nurses' Knowledge Of "Period Of Purple Crying" Program: Shaken Baby Syndrome Prevention, Cynthia L. Brubaker-Vincent BSN RN 2016 University of Kentucky

Evaluation Of Nurses' Knowledge Of "Period Of Purple Crying" Program: Shaken Baby Syndrome Prevention, Cynthia L. Brubaker-Vincent Bsn Rn

DNP Practice Inquiry Projects

Abstract

Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) and pediatric abusive head trauma (PAHT) continue to be the leading cause of child abuse death and most common causes of mortality and morbidity due to the physical child abuse in the United States (Barr, 2014). According to the CDC of the nearly 2,000 children who die from abuse each year, PAHT and SBS are responsible for 10-12% of those fatalities (CDC, 2015). There are 1450-1700 cases of reported shaken injuries to infants and children reported in the United States each year (Barr, 2014). Shaken Baby Syndrome is 100% preventable through the proper education ...


Evaluating Provider Knowledge Of The Hpv Vaccine In Kentucky, Madeline A. Wilson 2016 University of Kentucky

Evaluating Provider Knowledge Of The Hpv Vaccine In Kentucky, Madeline A. Wilson

DNP Practice Inquiry Projects

According to the CDC, about 79 million Americans are currently infected with Human papillomavirus (HPV) with an additional 14 million infected annually, most of which are teenagers and young adults. Of these 14 million newly diagnosed cases, approximately 27,000 are diagnosed with a cancer caused by HPV. Kentucky’s HPV vaccination initiation and completion rates are below national estimates.

In 2013, Kentucky’s vaccine completion rate for girls age 13 to 17 was 26.8 percent compared to United States completion rate of 37.6 percent. Kentucky vaccine completion rate for boys age 13 to 17 was 19 percent ...


Childhood Immunization Tracking Practices By Healthcare Providers, Erin E. Clarke 2016 University of Kentucky

Childhood Immunization Tracking Practices By Healthcare Providers, Erin E. Clarke

DNP Practice Inquiry Projects

Childhood immunizations protect children from life-threatening illnesses and are one of the most profound measures of the quality of pediatric primary care, however immunization rates for children under three years old still fall below national goals for up to date coverage. In addition to preventing children from getting serious illnesses, childhood vaccines prevent 21 million hospital visits, prevent 732,000 deaths, and save 1.38 trillion dollars in societal costs. Despite the many benefits of vaccines and the national recommendations, nearly 25% of children ages 19-35 months fall short of receiving all recommended vaccines. Kentucky demonstrates vaccination rates below the ...


Adolescent Grief: The Nurse's Role In Promoting Healthy Coping Mechanisms And Preventing Future Hospitalizations, Erica C. Reighard Ms. 2016 James Madison University

Adolescent Grief: The Nurse's Role In Promoting Healthy Coping Mechanisms And Preventing Future Hospitalizations, Erica C. Reighard Ms.

Senior Honors Projects

Age and developmental stage directly influence the grieving individual's ability to understand and process death. Adolescents are especially vulnerable to developing negative coping skills such as substance abuse, self-destructive behaviors, and eating disorders. After a loss occurs, nurses can use their role as a caregiver who is neither a parent nor a peer to provide adolescents with an opportunity to express their grief. Nurses can educate grieving adolescents on the differences between positive and negative coping skills and can therefore reduce the number of future hospitalizations related to ineffective coping mechanisms.


Self-Efficacy And Coping In Transition Of Care After Remission Of Cancer In Adolescents, Leah M. McDonnell 2016 University of Central Florida

Self-Efficacy And Coping In Transition Of Care After Remission Of Cancer In Adolescents, Leah M. Mcdonnell

Honors in the Major Theses

The improvement in cancer remission rates in children and adolescents due to advances in cancer treatment and therapy has led to the development of guidelines that address long-term follow up for survivors of childhood cancers. Adolescents often experience negative emotions related to the fear of uncertainty about long-term survival after cancer remission, yet often report feelings of hope and optimism for the future more than adult cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to understand the role of self-efficacy and coping in adolescents after remission of cancer. A secondary purpose was to analyze which coping strategies supported long-term survival ...


The Efficacy Of Non-Pharmacological Pain Management Methods Amongst Premature Neonates In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (Nicu), Hannah R. Martinez 2016 University of Central Florida

The Efficacy Of Non-Pharmacological Pain Management Methods Amongst Premature Neonates In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (Nicu), Hannah R. Martinez

Honors in the Major Theses

The purpose of this study was to conduct an integrated review of the literature examining the use of non-pharmacologic pain management strategies in premature neonates and to explore the relationship between health outcomes and time to discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Non-pharmacologic pain management strategies include human touch, facilitated tucking, non-nutritive sucking, and kangaroo care. A systematic review of the literature was conducted from multiple online databases. Peer reviewed, English-language articles containing the keywords ‘pain management’, ‘neonatal intensive care unit’, and ‘non-pharmacologic’ were included for synthesis. Exclusion criteria included articles with a focus on infants not admitted ...


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