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Maternal, Child Health and Neonatal Nursing Commons

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Reducing The Postpartum Readmission Rate With Standardized Discharge Teaching, Darlene Day-Herzog 2021 University of San Francisco

Reducing The Postpartum Readmission Rate With Standardized Discharge Teaching, Darlene Day-Herzog

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: Hospital readmission rates are one of the quality metrics that matter for hospital reimbursements. In a large Northern California healthcare system, the postpartum readmission rate is often above the national average.

Context: The hospital designated as the main location for high-risk deliveries within a 30-mile radius has an Acute Care Obstetric postpartum population where twenty percent of the patients are at an increased risk for readmission.

Interventions: The project implemented the use of a standardized discharge teaching script and educational materials to be used by nursing staff throughout the patient’s hospital stay to see if multimodal standardization leads ...


Stress As A Contributing Factor For Pediatric Obesity: Literature Review And Internship Experience, Jessica Handley 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Stress As A Contributing Factor For Pediatric Obesity: Literature Review And Internship Experience, Jessica Handley

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

This article is an examination of how stress drives diet and physical activity behaviors that contribute to pediatric obesity in the United States. An increasing rate of childhood obesity is being reported in the United States and therefore a multitude of studies and reviews have been conducted on the topic. This review of the literature systematically analyzes how stress, diet, and physical activity behaviors contribute to this rising rate of pediatric obesity. An analysis of the chosen articles for review indicates that stress and its counterpart (resilience) tend to be driving forces in how American children and adolescents participate in ...


The Opioid Crisis: Evaluating Current Practices And Outcomes For Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Deborah A. Mendoza 2021 Dominican University of California

The Opioid Crisis: Evaluating Current Practices And Outcomes For Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Deborah A. Mendoza

Nursing | Senior Theses

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) in the infant are severe symptoms from opioid exposure in utero. These symptoms include: “central nervous system irritability, autonomic over-reactivity, and gastrointestinal tract dysfunction” (Ko et al., 2016). The treatment for NAS can be a combination of drug therapy and non-pharmacological interventions, but a standardized treatment is lacking. A review of this literature aims to evaluate the available interventions that lead to decreased symptom severity, reduction of length of hospital stay, and a reduction in the use of drug therapy. As a result of the literature review, the nurse researcher supports the standardization of treatment and ...


Disparities Among Black Women In Maternal Health, Josefina Teresa Estrada 2021 Dominican University of California

Disparities Among Black Women In Maternal Health, Josefina Teresa Estrada

Nursing | Senior Theses

The literature shows that Black women face many disparities in terms of health care access and the quality of care. These obstacles could negatively affect the health of the mother and their child. This paper includes a literature review and proposed research study. The objective of this research study is to identify the outcomes of Black women compared to White women and other women of color in terms of maternal health. A literature review is provided in order to identify how race affects the following factors: obstacles that limit access to healthcare, rates of obtaining prenatal care, postpartum outcomes and ...


Correlation Between Accessibility And Patient Education With Tdap Utilization Among Pregnant Patients, Rebecca Coleman 2021 University of North Georgia

Correlation Between Accessibility And Patient Education With Tdap Utilization Among Pregnant Patients, Rebecca Coleman

Interprofessional Journal of Healthcare and Research

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess whether there was an effect on maternal vaccine utilization rates when common barriers (e.g., lack of education or decreased access) were rectified. The study sought to answer the two clinical questions: (1) In pregnant patients will the use of educational-based telephone calls as an educational tool improve immunization rates? (2) In pregnant patients is there an effect on Tdap vaccine utilization when the patient can receive the vaccine in the obstetricians’ office versus not being able to receive the vaccine in the obstetricians’ office?

Methods/Setting: Twenty antepartum/postpartum ...


The Effects Of Music Therapy And Cuddling On Symptoms Of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Allie Tasket 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Effects Of Music Therapy And Cuddling On Symptoms Of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Allie Tasket

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Problem Statement: Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome is a group of withdrawal symptoms infants can experience after birth due to the abrupt discontinuation of opioids/narcotics exposed to in utero. These symptoms can include pain, nausea, irritability, vomiting, and tremors.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of cuddling and music therapy on symptoms of neonatal abstinence syndrome including heart rate, respiratory rate, and Finnegan scores (FS).

Study design: A one-group pre-test-post-test quasi-experimental design was used to compare the effects of cuddling and music therapy on neonatal abstinence syndrome symptoms. Cuddling involves a trained cuddler holding an infant ...


Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Staff Training Program To Tackle Postpartum Depression, Helen XUMIN Chen 2021 University of San Francisco

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Staff Training Program To Tackle Postpartum Depression, Helen Xumin Chen

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Abstract

Background: Women in the process of childbirth go through significant physical and psychological changes. The internal changes along with other external factors can be overwhelming. There is a high rate of new mothers suffering from postpartum depression (PPD) as a result. Problem: High prevalence of PPD is a public health crisis. The condition has a negative impact on the mother-baby unit and the wellbeing of the whole family. Aside from the implications on the health of new mothers and babies, PPD is also costly to the economy. Methods: Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a common and effective intervention for ...


Maternal Mental Health Screening: Provider- And System- Level Factors, Amanda Summers 2021 Western University

Maternal Mental Health Screening: Provider- And System- Level Factors, Amanda Summers

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

No abstract provided.


Neonatal Orogastric & Nasogastric Tube Placement: Evidence Based Improvement Prospectus, Jessica K. Nagra 2021 University of San Francisco

Neonatal Orogastric & Nasogastric Tube Placement: Evidence Based Improvement Prospectus, Jessica K. Nagra

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: Variation in gastric tube placement practice has resulted in incorrect placement depth, resulting in four gastric tube perforations in a level III neonatal ICU within the last year. Gastric perforations have increased infant length of stay, increased surgical interventions, delay in oral feeding, increased hospital cost, and potentially lower family satisfaction with care.

Context: IHI’s 5 Why’s: Finding the Root Cause identified a lack of standardization in policy and practice and lack of consistent staff education as the primary reason for misplaced gastric tubes. Additionally, a cost-benefit analysis projected the estimated cost of additional infant length of ...


Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-Ssrs) Inpatient Perinatal Clinical Pathway, Kristin M. Schoen 2021 University of San Francisco

Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-Ssrs) Inpatient Perinatal Clinical Pathway, Kristin M. Schoen

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: The potential harm to women and infants due to untreated perinatal anxiety and mood disorders is both a patient safety and a public health concern. Studies show that mental health decline during the postpartum period is associated with increased morbidity and mortality for both the mother and infant. The project aim was to utilize the initial screening of perinatal patients using the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) as the baseline screening tool. The tool will help implement a standardized workflow for patients who screen low, moderate, or high, as this workflow had yet to be developed.

Context: In July ...


Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Ambulation Project, Jennifer M. Rose 2021 University of San Francisco

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Ambulation Project, Jennifer M. Rose

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Problem: The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) Ambulation Project aims to increase early ambulation of cesarean section patients in the maternal child inpatient unit. The current data has shown inconsistency with the application of the ERAS program with the maternal population. Instituting standardization of care and documentation, along with increasing patient centered care, has the potential to decrease the hospital length of stay (LOS).

Context: This quality improvement project standardizes the education provided to staff nurses and patients; allotting more time for staff to create meaningful relationships with their patients. A microsystem culture utilizing patient centered care allows patients ...


Decreasing Floor Morphine Equivalents Per Day Rates In The Mother/Baby Department, Jessica Welsh 2021 University of San Francisco

Decreasing Floor Morphine Equivalents Per Day Rates In The Mother/Baby Department, Jessica Welsh

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: Cesarean sections (C/S) are among the most common operations in the United States and result in moderate visceral and somatic pain. Historically, C/S pain has been treated with opioid pain relievers. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services declared the misuse of opioids an epidemic in 2017, leading healthcare providers and organizations to look inward at how opioids are prescribed and used at all levels of patient care.

Context: A microsystem assessment on a 60-bed mother/baby unit indicated one of the highest average opioid administration rates per day for postoperative C/S patients in ...


Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome (Caps) – A Case Report, Belisha Dmello, Latha T. Bhat, Barkur Ananthakrishna Shastry 2021 Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Manipal, India

Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome (Caps) – A Case Report, Belisha Dmello, Latha T. Bhat, Barkur Ananthakrishna Shastry

Manipal Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences

Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome is a rare disease with positive antiphospholipid antibodies that progresses to a life-threatening condition resulting in multiple organ dysfunction and thromboses. Here is a 19-year young woman who presented to the emergency room in a haemodynamically unstable condition requiring immediate mechanical ventilator support. She had involvement of the disease in the respiratory, cardiovascular, renal, and central nervous systems. She also developed gangrene of the left toes for which amputation was done. She was successfully treated with Dexamethasone Cyclophosphamide Pulse (DCP) therapy. The collaborative care by the health team members in the intensive care unit was successful in ...


Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser Syndrome: A Case Of Mullerian Agenesis, Anu Baby, Simi Kurian, Rani Jose 2021 Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust ,United Kingdom.

Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser Syndrome: A Case Of Mullerian Agenesis, Anu Baby, Simi Kurian, Rani Jose

Manipal Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences

Developmental anomalies of the Mullerian duct are one of the fascinating congenital disorders encountered in which Mayer Rokitansky Kuster Hauser syndrome (MRKH) is one of the wide variety of malformations. The most common presentation in MRKH syndrome is primary amenorrhea with normal development of secondary sexual characteristics and normal female karyotype (46, XX). The ovaries and fallopian tubes are usually functional, but the uterus and upper two-third vagina are either underdeveloped or absent. MRKH syndrome can either be an isolated utero-vaginal aplasia (Type I) or associated with extragenital anomalies (Type II). A case of Type I MRKH syndrome is reported ...


Effect Of Empowered Female Labour Companion On Anxiety, Birth Outcome, And Maternal Satisfaction Among Primiparturients, Jisha C, Sreeja G. Pillai 2021 Government Nursing College, Kannur, Kerala, India

Effect Of Empowered Female Labour Companion On Anxiety, Birth Outcome, And Maternal Satisfaction Among Primiparturients, Jisha C, Sreeja G. Pillai

Manipal Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences

Labour companionship is a core element of care for improving maternal and infant health outcomes and providing respectful maternity care for a positive childbirth experience.Objective: Evaluate the effect of empowered female labour companion on anxiety, birth outcome and maternal satisfaction among primiparturients. Methods: Quantitative approach with Quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group post-test only design was used to collect data from 34 (Experimental group-17, Control group-17) primiparturients selected by consecutive sampling technique from the labour room of Govt. Medical College Hospital, Kannur. Data was collected using an interview schedule, labour specific anxiety scale, maternal satisfaction scale and birth outcome observation record ...


Evaluation Of A Hypertension Bundle To Improve Maternal Outcomes, Jamie Jetton 2021 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Evaluation Of A Hypertension Bundle To Improve Maternal Outcomes, Jamie Jetton

Dissertations

Abstract

Problem: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy continue to be on the rise in the United States, contributing to an increase in both maternal morbidity and mortality rates. These disorders not only have an effect on the pregnant women, but also the neonate. Early recognition and treatment of increased blood pressure findings can improve maternal and fetal outcomes.

Methods: This Quality Improvement (QI) project used a descriptive design and was comprised of a retrospective chart review, focused on the effectiveness of evaluating a hypertension bundle to improve maternal outcomes. The data collected for this project encompassed six months pre and post ...


Post-Cesarean Section Pain Management Using Pre-Built Computerized Order Entry Sets, Ashleigh Hunkins 2021 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Post-Cesarean Section Pain Management Using Pre-Built Computerized Order Entry Sets, Ashleigh Hunkins

Dissertations

Abstract

Problem

Electronic medical records (EMR) have helped decrease common medication errors. However, prescribing errors are still elevated. Creating pre-built order sets can decrease medication errors for post-cesarean section women.

Methods

This project used an evidence-based practice approach to create new order sets. Women undergoing a cesarean section between January 15, 2021 and April 14, 2021 received the new order sets. A retrospective data review was conducted pre and post-implementation between the dates of October 15, 2021 and April 14, 2021 to view medication errors.

Results

Before implementation of the order sets, there were 239 cesarean deliveries and eight errors ...


Effect Of Purposeful Nurse Rounding On Patient Satisfaction, Jayne Mangi 2021 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Effect Of Purposeful Nurse Rounding On Patient Satisfaction, Jayne Mangi

Dissertations

Problem Delayed nurse response times in an inpatient setting can have a negative impact on patient experience, and is reflected in patient satisfaction surveys such as The Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey. The purpose of this project is to improve HCAHPS scores related to “responsiveness” in an antepartum unit.

Methods A prospective observational study designed to improve HCAHPS scores regarding nurse response time conducted as a retrospective and prospective review of data. Results of HCAHPS scores related to “responsiveness”, and actual nurse response times were examined before and after a nurse education tool was implemented ...


Intimate Partner Violence Education For High School Students, Morgan Foster 2021 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Intimate Partner Violence Education For High School Students, Morgan Foster

Dissertations

Problem Adolescents are at risk for experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). As early as seventh grade, over half of adolescents have reported being in a romantic relationship. Adolescent screening for and education of IPV is minimal, and only the Healthy Relationships Quiz developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [HHS] screens young adolescents across all aspects of IPV, including psychological and sexual violence. The purpose of this project was to develop an IPV education plan for high school students in a health course.

Methods An educational lesson plan for IPV was created for high school teachers ...


Can Provision Of Additional Education For Nursing Staff Increase Breastfeeding Knowledge And Feelings Of Self-Efficacy?, Akeba Deqwan Thompson 2021 Jacksonville State University

Can Provision Of Additional Education For Nursing Staff Increase Breastfeeding Knowledge And Feelings Of Self-Efficacy?, Akeba Deqwan Thompson

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Post-partum nurses are responsible for preparing new mothers with the necessary skills to feed and care for their infants and need proper education to effectively and confidently discuss feeding options with their patients.

Purpose: This quality improvement project aims to increase nursing knowledge of breastfeeding and their feeling of self-efficacy in promoting breastfeeding as an option to new mothers.

Design Methods: A quasi-experimental design including a pre-test/post-test used to quantify the effect of education on therapeutic communication, nursing responsiveness, and feelings of self-efficacy.

Conclusion: An overall increase in feelings of self-efficacy and knowledge of breastfeeding was noted amongst ...


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