Reducing Annual Emergency Department Visits Through Improved Asthma Discharge Teaching, 2016 University of San Francisco
Reducing Annual Emergency Department Visits Through Improved Asthma Discharge Teaching, Alvin R. Walters
Asthma is the most common pediatric condition in the United States, and a child's home environment plays an impactful role in the triggering of asthma exacerbations (Harper et al., 2015). Current emergency department (ED) ideology focuses on symptoms management, with little time spent on education, and virtually no attention paid to the home environment. Evidence shows that programs which incorporate home environmental assessments into asthma patient education produce a reduction in annual ED visits, fewer missed school days, decreased use of rescue medications, and improvements in quality of life (Gruber K.J., et al, 2016, Hollenbach J.P. & Cloutier ...
Parturient Safety: Proper Positioning Education Prior To Neuraxial Anesthesia, 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi
Parturient Safety: Proper Positioning Education Prior To Neuraxial Anesthesia, Christina Joy Young
Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects
In the United States, 61% of parturient patients elect neuraxial anesthesia for labor pain (Koyyalamudi et al., 2016). The incidence of postdural puncture headache is estimated up to 81% following accidental dural puncture-especially in pregnant women receiving elective epidurals (Ragab & Facharzt, 2014). Although the combined rates of complications for spinal and epidural anesthesia are low (2.78%) (American Society Anesthesiologists, 2014), patient safety is extremely important and should be addressed by the overall healthcare system. The purpose of this project assessed a willingness to change which focused on the CRNAs incorporation of proper positioning education prior to neuraxial anesthesia into ...
Reducing Hypotension In Elective Cesarean Section Patients With Administration Of Ondansetron Prior To Spinal Anesthesia: A Retrospective Chart Analysis, 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi
Reducing Hypotension In Elective Cesarean Section Patients With Administration Of Ondansetron Prior To Spinal Anesthesia: A Retrospective Chart Analysis, Linsey Erin Phipps
Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects
The birth of a child is one of the most memorable moments in a woman’s life, and many women undergo an elective cesarean section, requiring spinal anesthesia. At this time, the patient and the unborn child’s well-being become the anesthetist’s main focus. The ultimate goal of anesthesia providers is to provide the safest care to the patient. Spinal anesthesia has many benefits, but has a common side effect of hypotension, which can also result in nausea. Hypotension, dangerous to mother and child, is often treated with vasopressors, but can also cause nausea, which is treated by the ...
Efficacy Of Intravenous Ondansetron In Relieving Nausea/Vomiting And Pruritus Post Epidural Administered Opioids In The Obstetric Patient, 2016 University of Southern Mississippi
Efficacy Of Intravenous Ondansetron In Relieving Nausea/Vomiting And Pruritus Post Epidural Administered Opioids In The Obstetric Patient, Benjamin Stephen Butler
Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects
One prominent side effect in the use of a neuraxial anesthesia is pruritus, with an incidence in the obstetric patient of 60-100% (Kumar & Singh, 2013). Another side effect of an epidural placement is nausea and vomiting. Nausea and vomiting occurs frequently during the progress of labor and is difficult to determine an incidence that is related to epidural opioid administration (Chestnut, Wong, Tsen, Ngan Kee, Beilin, & Mhyre, 2014). A review of literature was performed and established evidence that ondansetron is effective in reducing incidence of pruritus in intrathecal administered opioids for cesarean sections in the obstetric patient. No literature was ...
Coping With The Risk Of Cancer In Children Living Near Power Lines, 2016 University of New Hampshire
Coping With The Risk Of Cancer In Children Living Near Power Lines, Eileen N. Abt
RISK: Health, Safety & Environment
Ms. Abt briefly summarizes evidence linking power lines with a possible increase in risk of childhood cancer. She also recounts how, although many experts remain skeptical of causality, public fears, whether or not warranted, have themselves created serious problems. Finally, she proposes ways to address those problems.
Home Visiting Programs For Families Of Children Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing: A Systematic Review, 2016 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Arkansas Children's Hospital
Home Visiting Programs For Families Of Children Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing: A Systematic Review, Nannette Nicholson, Patti Martin, Abby Smith, Sheila Thomas, Ahmad A. Alanazi M.Aud.
Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention
Prelingual hearing loss greatly restricts a child’s language development, hindering his or her behavioral, cognitive and social functioning. Although technology such as hearing aids and cochlear implants are an option for providing access to sound, they fail to teach the child how to listen or attend, how to process language (whether visual or spoken), or how to produce language and communicate. Home visiting is widely recognized as a cost-effective intervention service delivery model. Home visiting programs for promoting language development in children who are diagnosed as deaf or hard of hearing have been in existence for over 50 years ...
Training New Mothers In Infant Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (Cpr), 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network
Training New Mothers In Infant Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (Cpr), Gavin C. Barr Jr. Md, Marna R. Greenberg Do, Mph, Facep, Valerie Rupp Rn, Bsn, Charles C. Worrilow Md, Katie Fredericks, Anne Marie Crown, John Reed Rrt
Charles Worrilow, MD.
No abstract provided.
Development Of A Breastfeeding Class Specifically For Working Moms, 2016 University of San Francisco
Development Of A Breastfeeding Class Specifically For Working Moms, Maryleah S. Needels
Successfully breastfeeding mothers who are planning to return to work and remain exclusively breastfeeding their infants have a knowledge deficit as to the federal law protecting their rights along with the basic skills for pumping, storing, and bottle-feeding of breast milk. There is a significant drop in breastfeeding rates at both the 3 and 6-month marker, which coincides with maternal return to employment. After attending the Working Moms Breastfeeding Class, 100% of mothers reported an increase in knowledge surrounding the law and the CDC’s basic skills for handling pumped breast milk based on a pre/post questionnaire. Bandura’s ...
Human Papilloma Virus-Related Cervical Dysplasia, 2016 Otterbein University
Human Papilloma Virus-Related Cervical Dysplasia, Shaylyn D. Webster
Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship
Among sexually active men and women, the human papilloma virus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. With more than 200 different genotypes of HPV known, there are more than 500,000 cases each year in the United States alone (Lowy, 2016). The virus is associated with nearly all cervical cancers, anal cancers, vaginal cancers, penile cancers, and head and neck cancers (Jorge & Wright, 2016). In women, the virus is capable of causing slow cellular changes on the cervix, and this dysplasia is graded based on severity (Jorge & Wright, 2016).
The statistics related to the prevalence and ...
Type 1 Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation: The Most Common Lung Lesion In Newborns., 2016 Otterbein University
Type 1 Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation: The Most Common Lung Lesion In Newborns., Delilah Penn
Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship
A poster project on Type 1 Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation: The most common lung lesion in newborns.
Weight, Temperature, And Transcutaneous Bilirubin Of The Term Neonate At Discharge: A Comparative Study Between A Traditional Nursery And Rooming-In Model Of Care, Jennifer L. Pass
MSN in Leadership in Nursing Final Projects
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine day of discharge term neonate outcomes of percent weight change, body temperature, and transcutaneous bilirubin from a traditional nursery and a rooming-in model of care.
Design: A retrospective, descriptive, comparative design was used, comparing two groups for differences between outcomes.
Methods: A total of 102 electronic neonate records from one hospital in north Georgia were examined and divided based on when the model of neonate care changed from the traditional nursery care setting to full rooming-in, which was early November 2010: Group 1 (traditional care) consisted of 51 term neonates discharged ...
Appropriate Gestational Weight Gain, 2016 University of San Diego
Appropriate Gestational Weight Gain, Eugelyn Opalec Santos
Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects
Over the past 30 years, excessive weight gain during pregnancy among American women has been a significant concern, resulting in serious health consequences to mothers and their newborns. During 2011, 48% of U.S. women gained more than the ideal amount of weight during pregnancy. Several international studies have also documented that excessive weight gain during pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. As a result, one in ten babies were born prematurely in the United States in 2014. Based on the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) guidelines (2009), the purpose of this project was to implement ...
A Quality Improvement Project On Diagnosis And Management Of Asthma In A Private Pediatric Setting., 2016 A DNP- FNP student graduating on May 19th, 2016
A Quality Improvement Project On Diagnosis And Management Of Asthma In A Private Pediatric Setting., Sosamma Ashley
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects
Background: Although national guidelines exist for the diagnosis and management of asthma, general practice differs significantly from recommendations. Quality improvement methodology when implemented can narrow quality gaps.
Objective: The objective of the project was to create and implement a plan of action to address identified gaps in key clinical activities of asthma care among pediatric population in a private pediatric setting in Northern California
Methods: The project was centered on the use of Education in Quality Improvement for Pediatric Practice (EQIPP), a program of the American Academy of the Pediatrics. Both the pediatrician and the DNP student took this ...
Obstetric Triage Improvement, 2016 University of San Francisco
Obstetric Triage Improvement, Whitney Depaoli
The objective of the obstetric triage improvement project is to decrease the average length of stay for perinatal patients presenting to the obstetric triage. The setting is a university hospital in a large urban city. The population includes pregnant patients with obstetric complaints presenting to triage for further evaluation. Methods used include a root cause analysis, process mapping, lean transformation methodology, and standardization of workflow. The results of the project include reducing the average length of stay in obstetric triage from a baseline of 152 minutes to 120.58 minutes, which represents a 21% decrease. The creation of standard workflows ...
Reducing Iv Infiltrates In The Neonatal Population, 2016 The University of San Francisco
Reducing Iv Infiltrates In The Neonatal Population, Stephanie L. Miller
The objective of the CNL project is to improve the quality of care provided to our patients. The project focuses efforts to reduce IV infiltrates by auditing all running IV lines, IV management monitoring and auditing infiltrate grading and documentation to find commonalities that could be causing infiltrates.
The project is focusing on the neonatal population at a children’s hospital in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). This NICU is an 80 bed unit that houses both critical care patients and intermediate care neonates.
Auditing was a major component to the project and helped with identifying common causes ...
Psychological And Sociocultural Influences Of Current And Historical Intimate Partner Violence In Pregnancy, 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy
Psychological And Sociocultural Influences Of Current And Historical Intimate Partner Violence In Pregnancy, Cindy D. Phillips
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1.5 million women are victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) each year, and 324,000 of these women are pregnant (2013). Research on the predictability of certain factors and their relationship to current and historical IPV is limited. In order to better understand IPV as it related to a sample of 1,016 Appalachian pregnant women selected for the Tennessee Interventions for Pregnant Smokers (TIPS), it was important to evaluate various influences that may predict the prevalence of IPV in this population when compared to the State of Tennessee ...
Doulas Could Improve Foreign-Born Women’S Perinatal And Postpartum Satisfaction And Increase Health Providers’ Cultural Competency In A Multicultural Urban Area Of The United States., 2016 Clark University
Doulas Could Improve Foreign-Born Women’S Perinatal And Postpartum Satisfaction And Increase Health Providers’ Cultural Competency In A Multicultural Urban Area Of The United States., Crystal Kazik
International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)
Doulas act as a cultural bridge between clients and providers through the support, advocacy, and education they provide. Unfortunately, migrant women may be at a disadvantage for accessing and benefiting from their services due to a variety of socioeconomic and cultural factors including predisposed ideas of care and structure based on experiences in native countries, language barriers, lower health literacy, and a lack of awareness and understanding from hospital/clinic staff.
A strategic multifaceted approach utilizing doulas, such as Boston Medical Center’s collaborative and culturally competent model, may greatly improve foreign-born women’s experience and satisfaction with healthcare when ...
Therapeutic Listening Communication In Children With Autism And Hyperacusis, 2016 California State University, Northern California Consortium Doctor of Nursing Practice
Therapeutic Listening Communication In Children With Autism And Hyperacusis, Jennifer Margaret Hughes
Hyperacusis, or auditory hypersensitivity, is defined as abnormally sensitive hearing and in some cases an extreme sensitivity, where normally tolerated sounds are perceived as excessively, even painfully loud. This is a debilitating condition for children with autism, causing activity limitations and participation restrictions, also leading to peer isolation and habitual sound avoidance behaviors.
This research explores a means of modifying the auditory environment of a child with hyperacusis in a safe, effective way for the purpose of improving attention span and facilitating learning. The small pilot study (n=4) was a single-subject, multiple-baseline design, conducted with school-aged children in the ...
Breast Milk Exposure And The Incidence Of Necrotizing Enterocolitis In Very Low Birth Weight Pre-Term Infants, 2016 University of Connecticut
Breast Milk Exposure And The Incidence Of Necrotizing Enterocolitis In Very Low Birth Weight Pre-Term Infants, Meaghan Sullivan
Honors Scholar Theses
Purpose: To determine what degree of exposure to breast milk feeding is protective against Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) in very low birthweight (VLBW) preterm infants.
Data Sources: This is a secondary data analysis of 56 VLBW preterm infants diagnosed with NEC and 56 age-matched VLBW infants who served as controls. All infants were born between 1997 and 2009 and cared for in the Newborn Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Infants were born at or before 29 weeks gestation and with a birth weight less than 1500 grams. Data included the volume fed daily and type of feeding along with demographic birth data ...
Becoming Baby Friendly: Rooming-In For Patient Centered Care In The Maternal Setting, 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston
Becoming Baby Friendly: Rooming-In For Patient Centered Care In The Maternal Setting, Liana Macdonald
Honors College Theses
This thesis paper discusses the concept of rooming in on the maternity unit while pertaining to the QSEN nursing competency of patient centered care. Through an extensive review of the literature, the following question will be addressed: On the post-partum unit, does having the newborn rooming in with his or her mother improve patient-centered care compared to rooming in the nursery? After an introduction of the problem and its significance to patient-centered care, research that was conducted will be reviewed that discusses the importance of rooming in. A case example of a maternal-newborn couplet is provided, demonstrating the relevance of ...