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Maternal, Child Health and Neonatal Nursing Commons

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Parental Contextual Factors And Decision-Making Related To Periviable Birth: An Integrative Review, Amy L. Wright, Elizabeth Mens, Gausiha Rathitharan 2023 University of Toronto

Parental Contextual Factors And Decision-Making Related To Periviable Birth: An Integrative Review, Amy L. Wright, Elizabeth Mens, Gausiha Rathitharan

The Qualitative Report

Parents facing a periviable birth, or birth before 25 weeks of gestation, commonly engage in antenatal consultation with healthcare providers to determine a plan of care. Parents’ pre-existing contextual factors, beliefs, and values influence their decisions regarding birth and the care of their infant. This study aims to understand the role of parental contextual factors and best-practices to their integration during antenatal consultation The Whittemore and Knafl (2005) approach to conducting an integrative review along with thematic analysis was employed to determine and present the findings. Results describe three themes related to how contextual factors influence parental decision-making: personal values …


Metabolomics Of A Neonatal Cohort From The Alliance For Maternal And Newborn Health Improvement Biorepository: Effect Of Preanalytical Variables On Reference Intervals, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan, Muhammad Ilyas, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Javairia Khalid, Hafsa Majid, Aneeta Hotwani, Fyezah Jehan 2023 Aga Khan University

Metabolomics Of A Neonatal Cohort From The Alliance For Maternal And Newborn Health Improvement Biorepository: Effect Of Preanalytical Variables On Reference Intervals, Lena Jafri, Aysha Habib Khan, Muhammad Ilyas, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Javairia Khalid, Hafsa Majid, Aneeta Hotwani, Fyezah Jehan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The study was conducted to determine reference interval (RI) and evaluate the effect of preanalytical variables on Dried blood spot (DBS)-amino acids, acylcarnitines and succinylacetone of neonates.
Methodology: DBS samples were collected within 48-72 hours of life. Samples were analyzed for biochemical markers on tandem mass spectrometer at the University of Iowa. Comparison of RI across various categorical variables were performed.
Results: A total of 610 reference samples were selected based on exclusion criteria; 53.2% being females. Mean gestational age (GA) of mothers at the time of delivery was 38.7±1.6 weeks; 24.5% neonates were of low birth weight and …


Home Visitation To Prevent And Reduce Postpartum Depression, Anna Bauer, Madison Polley, Laura Boesken DNP, MSN, RN 2023 Northern Kentucky University

Home Visitation To Prevent And Reduce Postpartum Depression, Anna Bauer, Madison Polley, Laura Boesken Dnp, Msn, Rn

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Postpartum depression (PPD) occurs in 13-19% of women worldwide, and is a stigmatized medical condition affecting maternal and infantile long term outcomes. The purpose of this evidence-based practice project was to determine if women at high risk for PPD are affected by home visitation programs from discharge up to three years postpartum. CINHAL Ultimate, Google Scholar, and Medline databases were used. Current evidence supports the use of home-visitation programs for postpartum women to decrease the prevalence and the symptoms of PPD by allowing nurses access into homes to provide early intervention for PPD. In addition to providing care for prevention …


Medically Accurate Evidence-Based Sex Education And Abstinence-Only Sex Education: Impact On Teen Pregnancies In The United States, Nicole Chiu 2023 Dominican University of California

Medically Accurate Evidence-Based Sex Education And Abstinence-Only Sex Education: Impact On Teen Pregnancies In The United States, Nicole Chiu

Nursing | Senior Theses

The U.S. has funded abstinence-only programs to combat pregnancy rates for a long time. With numerous factors contributing to teen pregnancies, there have been a lot of ways that people have decided to try to decrease the number of teen pregnancies. For example, schools have either decided that they intend to fully educate their teenage students using medically accurate evidence-based sex education or come from a more conservative approach and give abstinence-only education. The objective of this investigation is to identify whether evidence-based sex education or abstinence-only sex education is more effective at combating teen pregnancy and abortion rates. This …


What Impact Does The Ability To Access Healthcare Have On Maternal Outcomes In Africa?, Helena Harris 2023 Dominican University of California

What Impact Does The Ability To Access Healthcare Have On Maternal Outcomes In Africa?, Helena Harris

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background: Maternal mortality rates reflect health inequities in access to obstetric care in some parts of the world including many African countries. Geographical barriers and limited number of skilled human resources have put women in rural areas at a significantly higher risk of maternal mortality.

Research Question: What impact does the ability to access healthcare have on maternal outcomes in African rural areas compared to urban cities?

Methods: A literature review was performed of credible databases. Six articles were reviewed extensively highlighting the purpose, strengths, and limitations of each study. Refer to Appendix A for the literature review table.

Findings: …


The Relationship Between Self-Efficacy And Informed Decision-Making On Primiparous Women During The Birthing Process, Morgan R. Fillipo 2023 Dominican University of California

The Relationship Between Self-Efficacy And Informed Decision-Making On Primiparous Women During The Birthing Process, Morgan R. Fillipo

Nursing | Senior Theses

Childbirth is a very intense and vulnerable experience, especially for first-time mothers. Across the globe, the prevalence of traumatic and unsatisfying births has become an increasingly troublesome issue for women. There is extensive evidence of maltreatment, and a large portion of the problem has to do with the client’s medical team. To combat this dilemma, the best course of action would be to prepare women for this possibility by increasing the client’s self-efficacy and decision-making abilities. Self-efficacy, also known as confidence in one’s skills, is an important trait to have when it comes to patients being able to advocate for …


Implementation Of Distance Learning Imci Training In Rural Districts Of Tanzania, Kahabi Isangula, Esther Ngadaya, Alexander Manu, Mary Mmweteni, Doreen Philbert, Dorica Burengelo, Gibson Kagaruki, Mbazi Senkoro, Godfather Kimaro, Amos Kahwa 2023 Aga Khan University

Implementation Of Distance Learning Imci Training In Rural Districts Of Tanzania, Kahabi Isangula, Esther Ngadaya, Alexander Manu, Mary Mmweteni, Doreen Philbert, Dorica Burengelo, Gibson Kagaruki, Mbazi Senkoro, Godfather Kimaro, Amos Kahwa

School of Nursing & Midwifery, East Africa

Background: The standard face-to-face training for the integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI) continues to be plagued by concerns of low coverage of trainees, the prolonged absence of trainees from the health facility to attend training and the high cost of training. Consequently, the distance learning IMCI training model is increasingly being promoted to address some of these challenges in resource-limited settings. This paper examines participants’ accounts of the paper-based IMCI distance learning training programme in three district councils in Mbeya region, Tanzania.

Methods: A cross-sectional qualitative descriptive design was employed as part of an endline evaluation study of …


Factors Influencing The Utilization Of Antenatal Care, Institutional Delivery, And Postnatal Care Services Among Women In Bangladesh, Akibul Islam Chowdhury, Mohammad Asadul Habib, Tanjina Rahman 2022 Department of Food Technology and Nutrition Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali 3814, Bangladesh

Factors Influencing The Utilization Of Antenatal Care, Institutional Delivery, And Postnatal Care Services Among Women In Bangladesh, Akibul Islam Chowdhury, Mohammad Asadul Habib, Tanjina Rahman

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: In Bangladesh, the utilization of maternal health services is low, which triggers pregnancy-related complications and maternal deaths. The current community-based cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the factors associated with antenatal care (ANC), institutional delivery, and postnatal care (PNC) service utilization among women in selected areas of Southwest Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Methods: The study was carried out among 391 mothers from rural and urban areas. Data were collected using a standard questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the significant determinants associated with maternity care service utilization.

Results: Result shows that approximately 65%, 71%, and 72% …


Implementation Of Staff Education To Standardize Use Of Positions During The First Stage Of Labor, Kelsey Jo Koch 2022 The University of San Francisco

Implementation Of Staff Education To Standardize Use Of Positions During The First Stage Of Labor, Kelsey Jo Koch

Master's Projects and Capstones

The aim of this project was to assess whether supplemental education on labor positioning for Labor and Delivery nurses would increase the nurses’ confidence in utilizing patient positioning to promote fetal descent and progress labor. Previous research suggests that upright, mobile positions during the first stage of labor have various benefits, including reduced cesarean rates, shorter lengths of labor, and less epidural usage. However, a major barrier to maximizing these benefits is a gap in knowledge among Labor and Delivery nurses, resulting in inconsistent use of various positions. This improvement project addresses this problem at a large community hospital in …


Implementation Of Staff Education To Standardize The Use Of Positions During The First Stage Of Labor, Minh Chau T. Phan 2022 University of San Francisco

Implementation Of Staff Education To Standardize The Use Of Positions During The First Stage Of Labor, Minh Chau T. Phan

Master's Projects and Capstones

This project aims to educate labor and delivery (L&D) nurses on effective laboring positions that can aid fetal descent during the first stage of labor. In an L&D unit of a south Bay Area County hospital, there is a lack of standardization of knowledge and practices on laboring positions among the nursing staff. Evidence shows that upright positions and frequent mobility are effective in shortening the duration of labor and minimizing unnecessary cesarean deliveries. Based on the evidence, a project was implemented using verbal education of evidence-based laboring positions. An educational handout was also provided along with a recorded video …


Effective Distraction Techniques During Immunizations For Pediatric Patients, Shae Eguchi 2022 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Effective Distraction Techniques During Immunizations For Pediatric Patients, Shae Eguchi

Master of Science in Nursing Family Nurse Practitioner

Purpose: Immunizations are the single most common painful procedure pediatric patients experience in the healthcare setting. The repeated pain experienced during immunizations potentiate negative, long-term sequelae for the patient. The primary aim of the literature review was to evaluate the effectiveness of distraction techniques for pain reduction during pediatric immunizations.

Designs and Methods: A literature search was completed to review studies evaluating the effectiveness of distraction techniques on pediatric pain scores as measured by the Wong-Baker FACES pain rating scale. A systematic and critical analyses was conducted on the results of seven randomized controlled trials.

Results: The …


Innovating Cultural Competence Education For Nurses, Darian A. Frieson, Jennifer Patrick, Walker Ray Corless, Abigail Taylor Coulthard, Rebecca R. Fogerty 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Innovating Cultural Competence Education For Nurses, Darian A. Frieson, Jennifer Patrick, Walker Ray Corless, Abigail Taylor Coulthard, Rebecca R. Fogerty

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Objective

To improve cultural competency levels of registered nurses on the Mother/Baby unit by educating nurses.

Background

Demographics are shifting in the U.S. with an increase in minority populations. Research has revealed insufficient education or a complete absence of education, resulting in nurses that are not equipped to adequately care for culturally diverse patients.

Methods

The Evidence-Based Practice Improvement (EBPI) Model guided the development and implementation of the project. A cultural competence education module was developed utilizing resources from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Outcomes were measured using a pretest/posttest design tool, the Inventory for Assessing the …


Births In The Mountain West, 2016-2020, Corryn Richardson, Hira Ahmed, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr. 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Births In The Mountain West, 2016-2020, Corryn Richardson, Hira Ahmed, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.

Health

This fact sheet examines state-level data on births and health indicators from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), a government health statistics unit of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This fact sheet presents data related to births in the Mountain West states of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah.


Protocols For Postpartum Hemorrhage, Jackleen Chambers 2022 Kennesaw State University

Protocols For Postpartum Hemorrhage, Jackleen Chambers

Symposium of Student Scholars

The occurrence of postpartum hemorrhages (PH) within the healthcare system are on the rise. The detrimental effects that can occur are extremely serious and require an intervention of education and proper training. Labor and delivery units experience traumatic PHs due to lack of proper training regarding early warning signs and correct technical interventions needed for a quick turnaround. This project will use research from scholarly articles to take a closer look at statistical evidence based on the outcomes of being prepared versus underprepared. The project will discuss various methods on how to better prepare nurses to care for hemorrhagic situations. …


Postpartum Depression For Mothers With Early Fetal Death Or Stillbirths, Callie Goldman 2022 Kennesaw State University

Postpartum Depression For Mothers With Early Fetal Death Or Stillbirths, Callie Goldman

Symposium of Student Scholars

Background: Many times, prevention of early fetus death and stillbirths is possible; however, some mortality events are spontaneous or unavoidable. While existing research reveals the likelihood of postpartum depression for mothers following birth, few studies address the potential for postpartum depression of mothers of stillbirth or demised fetuses. The purpose of this study is to determine how mothers can be better prepared for the hardship of losing a baby during childbirth, while going through common difficulties, such as postpartum depression, following birth. Methods: A mixed method approach will be conducted to gather qualitative (interview) and quantitative (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale …


Improving Discharge Planning In The Nicu, Jessica Fleming 2022 Kennesaw State University

Improving Discharge Planning In The Nicu, Jessica Fleming

Symposium of Student Scholars

The birth of a child is an exciting time for parents. They spend months preparing for the arrival of their baby, but parents aren’t prepared for complications that can occur at birth. Events such as early arrival or respiratory issues can result in a newborn being admitted to the NICU. This can create stress and anxiety for parents. Once a child is admitted to the NICU, it is important that discharge planning and education begin promptly, to alleviate parental distress, prepare them to care for their child upon discharge, and improve patient outcome, but some NICUs struggle to provide and …


Effectiveness Of Non-Pharmacological Interventions When Treating Postpartum Depression In First-Time Mothers, Rudy Trujillo, Tamantha Minton-Damm, Ashley Muntean, Natalia Lack 2022 Kennesaw State University

Effectiveness Of Non-Pharmacological Interventions When Treating Postpartum Depression In First-Time Mothers, Rudy Trujillo, Tamantha Minton-Damm, Ashley Muntean, Natalia Lack

Symposium of Student Scholars

Abstract

Non-pharmacological intervention alone or paired with pharmacological interventions is somewhat effective in treating and lowering rates of postpartum depression (PPD) in women. Undergraduate students reviewed studies of the use of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments for postpartum depression. To narrow down results, the students based the review on studies completed within the last 10 years, focusing specifically on primiparas (first births) women. Responses ranged from no notable efficacy in reducing PPD measured against the Edinburgh Scale to marginal improvements when non-pharmacological and pharmacological approaches were combined, and testing extended to other scales of motherhood and postpartum. The students discuss the …


Nurses Assisting With Breastfeeding, Sofia Robles-Gonzalez 2022 Kennesaw State University

Nurses Assisting With Breastfeeding, Sofia Robles-Gonzalez

Symposium of Student Scholars

Abstract

Background: It is a World Health Organization (WHO) global goal to increase the rate of breastfeeding infants exclusively up to 6 months from the current 37% to 50%. It’s a journey for mothers to have a successful breastfeeding experience and nurses can be a part of it. Nurses are trained to assist mothers in breastfeeding but there are difficulties to breastfeeding that could lead to unintended cessation. The difficulties can lead to a decrease in documenting newborn feedings. The purpose of this research is to see how nurses are trained to assist mothers in breastfeeding and what impacts the …


Intermittent Auscultation Versus Continuous Fetal Monitoring In Low-Risk Pregnancies And Deliveries, Heather Wood 2022 Kennesaw State University

Intermittent Auscultation Versus Continuous Fetal Monitoring In Low-Risk Pregnancies And Deliveries, Heather Wood

Symposium of Student Scholars

Intermittent auscultation (IA) became the standard of practice during labor through the monitoring developments of Von Winkel. He defined fetal distress parameters that were constant until the development of electronic fetal monitoring (EFM). EFM has since eclipsed the use of IA. However, not to the benefit of the low-risk mother and child. Currently, the global caesarean rate is 21% and the US rate is 31.8%. Research indicates that the use of IA decreases the rate of caesarean section, decreases ICU admissions, and increases fetal well-being outcomes such as higher Apgar scores, lower neonatal seizures, and lower perinatal mortality. With continuous …


Reducing Diaper Dermatitis In The Nicu, Yesenia Alvira 2022 Kennesaw State University

Reducing Diaper Dermatitis In The Nicu, Yesenia Alvira

Symposium of Student Scholars

Abstract

Purpose: This evidence-based project aims to support the acquisition of diaper dermatitis protocols that include nursing interventions, assessment tools, and educational opportunities for NICU nurses. Neonatal diaper dermatitis cases are common in the NICU due to the skin of neonates often being underdeveloped and sensitive to the environment. Diapers, especially, can irritate the perineal skin of neonates. Nurses who do not comply with standard perineal skin care can compromise the neonate's skin integrity. This can cause diaper dermatitis, which, if left untreated, can pose a risk of infection and cause pain to the neonate. Literature review: The review of …


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