The Importance Of Access To Benefits Under The Family Medical Leave Act For Low-Income Families For Bonding And Attachment Facilitation With A Fragile Infant And The Role Of The Social Worker, 2014 Fordham University
The Importance Of Access To Benefits Under The Family Medical Leave Act For Low-Income Families For Bonding And Attachment Facilitation With A Fragile Infant And The Role Of The Social Worker, Theresa Stewart Moran
21st Century Social Justice
Lack of universal family leave discriminates against low-income families with infants who require care in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Birth complications tend to occur more frequently in families living with low socioeconomic status, placing a disproportionate burden on an already vulnerable population. Parents in this group tend to be employed in jobs that do not include the benefit of parental leave. Considering that attachment relationships form as the result of bonding transactions during a critical time in development, limiting contact curtails secure attachment. This, combined with other risk factors, increase the odds of lifelong negative outcomes. Family leave policy ...
Don’T Diss The Reninjaza: A Case For Integrating Traditional Birthing Attendants Into The Allopathic System To Improve Prenatal Health In Rural Madagascar, 2014 SIT Graduate Institute - Study Abroad
Don’T Diss The Reninjaza: A Case For Integrating Traditional Birthing Attendants Into The Allopathic System To Improve Prenatal Health In Rural Madagascar, Shenna Bannish
Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection
This project seeks to prove the practicality of using Reninjazas (traditional birthing attendants) in rural Madagascar to better prenatal care and diminish the maternal and infant mortality rates in this country. Prenatal care is of vital importance to expecting mothers. Without it, birth defects, complicated labor and delivery, miscommunications concerning fetal development, and even death can occur (Mayo Clinic, 2014). There is no doubt that the lack of adequate prenatal care in Madagascar contributes to its unfortunately high maternal and infant death statistics. While listed as “moderate” in terms of severity, the maternal and infant mortality rates in Madagascar are ...
Cup Feeding In The Icu: The Influence Of Health Care Team Knowledge, 2014 University of Massachusetts Amherst
Cup Feeding In The Icu: The Influence Of Health Care Team Knowledge, Sameh Ghareeb, Lisa Chiodo, Linda Lewandowski
UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat
Background: Preterm birth has significantly increased in the last two decades. Preterm infants lack synchrony and coordination in sucking, swallowing, and breathing necessary for oral feeding. Cup feeding has been identified as a safe alternative for preterm infants who are not able to fully breastfeed, yet the practice is limited. One potential reason this alternative is underutilized is lack of health care provider knowledge regarding cup feeding. Understanding health care provider knowledge will provide information to guide cup feeding education efforts.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between health care team knowledge and the use ...
How Do Black Nulliparous Women Cognitively Construct Birth?, 2014 UTHealth School of Nursing
How Do Black Nulliparous Women Cognitively Construct Birth?, Marianne F. Moore
UT SON Dissertations (Open Access)
A focused ethnography was conducted to determine the cognitive constructions about birth described by nulliparous Black women in an urban area of the Southwestern US; also, during postpartum, how do these women reconcile expectations with the actual birth? Semi-structured interviews were conducted before birth and after birth.
Women, 16 or older, 17 - 33 weeks carrying a singleton fetus and without anomalies or problems like pre-gestational diabetes, NYHA Cardiac Class III/IV, cancer, renal failure, or sickle cell anemia that eliminated vaginal birth were sequentially recruited and sampled in an affiliated ultrasound clinic. Women scheduled for an anatomy scan were approached ...
Factors Associated With Abnormal Weights In Infants In The First Year Of Life: Results From The 2010 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2014 University of Connecticut - Storrs
Factors Associated With Abnormal Weights In Infants In The First Year Of Life: Results From The 2010 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, Nikaela R. Larossa
Honors Scholar Theses
Purpose: To examine the predictors associated with abnormal infant weights for lengths in the first year of life as seen in ambulatory care settings.
Data Sources: A secondary data analysis was conducted using the 2010 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS), in which practitioners documented single patient visits. World Health Organization (WHO) growth charts and recommendations were used to evaluate infant weight for length. Of the total visits, 603 infants were less than one year old, and 595 infants were within the length range of the WHO growth charts. Of the 595 cases, 13.6% were underweight, 5.5% were ...
Transitioning To Motherhood After Trauma: Interacting With The Healthcare System, 2014 The University of Western Ontario
Transitioning To Motherhood After Trauma: Interacting With The Healthcare System, Karen E. Haines
University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Little is known about the interactions with the healthcare system among women with past interpersonal trauma accessing maternal health care. The purpose of this study was to critically examine the experiences of women with past interpersonal trauma as they interacted with the healthcare system during the transition to motherhood. A critical feminist perspective informed by Relational-Cultural Theory was used to guide this secondary analysis of 29 interview transcripts from: (a) Aboriginal women, (b) refugees, and (c) survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Four themes emerged: 1. Birthing a healthy baby: the common relational thread; 2. Receiving physical care over the emotional ...
Coming Home: The Use Of Skilled Nursing Visits On Recently Discharged Nicu Patients, 2014 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University
Coming Home: The Use Of Skilled Nursing Visits On Recently Discharged Nicu Patients, Brittany Mattson
Celebrating Scholarship & Creativity Day
This research analyzes the facility’s use of skilled nursing visits of premature infants and recommends the best practice to support positive patient outcomes.
The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative, 2014 Liberty University
The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative, Kathryn E. Brackett
Senior Honors Theses
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) is a worldwide movement started by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) that is aimed at providing hospitals with a certification that guarantees the best possible patient-centered care for mothers and infants. It focuses on breastfeeding as optimal infant nutrition, and implements strategies to encourage and support mothers to breastfeed their infants exclusively for six months after birth. The Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding are a set of 10 simple, easy to understand guidelines developed by WHO and UNICEF for implementing this initiative in the hospital setting ...
Women’S Understanding Of The Effects Of Obesity On Pregnancy, 2014 Liberty University
Women’S Understanding Of The Effects Of Obesity On Pregnancy, Rachel A. Daniel
Senior Honors Theses
Obesity is a serious issue and is becoming a significant problem around the world. Obesity in general causes and complicates many health problems. As obesity increases in the population at large, the incidence of obesity in pregnancy continues to increase. Obesity during pregnancy has been linked in numerous studies to multiple complications, and the issues and risks have been clearly established. Also becoming pregnant or having multiple pregnancies increases the likelihood of developing obesity. Obese women of childbearing age many times do not even know these risks exist. There is a need to educate these women before they become pregnant ...
Evaluation Of The Care Program At Goodall Hospital’S Center For Women’S Health, 2014 University of Southern Maine
Evaluation Of The Care Program At Goodall Hospital’S Center For Women’S Health, Nicole Hutzler, Lindsey Stockwell
The purpose of this descriptive study is to gain a better understanding of the characteristics that can affect depression and overall compliance in prenatal care. Researchers anticipate that women’s involvement in the CARE Program will lead to a decrease in depression scores measured between the first and second trimester. The continued assessment and support provided by the CARE Coordinator is also expected to lead to fewer untreated cases of perinatal and postpartum depression.
Implementation Of A Mhealth Program Within A Homeless Population Of Young Mothers, 2014 Seton Hall University
Implementation Of A Mhealth Program Within A Homeless Population Of Young Mothers, Maureen Byrnes
Seton Hall University Final Projects
Purpose: Despite major medical advancements and education, more than 500,000 babies are born prematurely and an estimated 28,000 infants die before their first birthday annually (www.marchofdimes.com/peristats). New Jersey’s infant mortality rate appears exemplary when compared to the United States overall infant mortality rate. Yet, New Jersey’s infant mortality rate, preterm birth rate and low birth rate by mother’s race reveal a far greater risk for infants born to a mother who is African American (www.nj.gov/health/epht/outcome.shtml). The need for innovative approaches to improving New Jersey’s maternal-infant ...
Student Experiences And Beliefs Regarding Normal Physiologic Birth, 2014 Rhode Island College
Student Experiences And Beliefs Regarding Normal Physiologic Birth, Alicia N. Harris
Honors Projects Overview
Lamaze International identifies six care practices used to promote, protect, and support the normal physiologic process of birth (Lamaze, 2007; Lamaze, 2014). These practices include: allowing labor to begin on its own; allowing freedom of movement throughout labor; providing continuous labor support; avoiding routine interventions; promoting spontaneous pushing in upright or gravity-neutral positions; and not separating mother and baby with unlimited breastfeeding opportunities. These care practices were adopted for nurses (Romano & Lothian, 2008) to support the normal physiologic birth (NPB.) The disparity between this recognized standard of care and the reality of nursing student education in the maternity clinical setting is explored through a survey of 59 nursing students. The survey elicited responses regarding: 1) educational experiences with NPB in the maternity clinical practicum; 2) experiences with each of the care practices in the maternity clinical practicum; and 3) beliefs about NBP in the clinical setting. The findings indicated a gap between evidence-based ...
Development Of A Community-Based Lactation Support Program, 2014 Rhode Island College
Development Of A Community-Based Lactation Support Program, Susan D. Bryant
Master of Science in Nursing
Background. Despite the recommendations from leading health organizations and the documented health benefits for both mother and infant, breastfeeding success rates continue to be suboptimal.
Design. A program development design was used for this Community-Based Lactation Support Program. This pilot was the first step in accomplishing the long term goal of expansion of the program to the entire community of Scituate and the state of Rhode Island.
Objectives. The objectives of this program were to increase exclusive and sustained breastfeeding rates in the town of Scituate through education and support and to ensure a positive breastfeeding experience for the breastfeeding ...
The Benefits Of Breastfeeding, 2014 Liberty University
The Benefits Of Breastfeeding, Avery Kordus
Senior Honors Theses
Breastfeeding research is plentiful, and the majority of the literature shows that breast milk is the superior form of infant nutrition except in the rare circumstances of infant metabolic disorders, maternal drug use, or positive HIV status. In comparison to formula, breast milk provides improved cognition, development, behavior, bonding, nutrition, digestion, immunity, and long-term health with fewer diseases and conditions in infants. Mothers are benefited by breastfeeding through bonding, faster weight loss, and reduction in certain cancers and conditions. Breast milk contains the proper amount of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, and minerals, and is also specialized for each infant and ...
Exploring Neonatal Intensive Care Nurses’ Affective Responses To, 2013 University of Tennessee - Knoxville
Exploring Neonatal Intensive Care Nurses’ Affective Responses To, Stephanie Lynn Lewis
Significance. The Joint Commission established standards to evaluate comprehensive end-of-life infant care and the positive outcomes of such care are well documented. However, findings from multiple studies conducted over the last decade indicate that end-of-life care in the neonatal intensive care unit is not provided consistently or holistically to all dying infants. Because nurses are the healthcare professionals most often responsible for providing this care, anything that detracts from their ability to provide it, including their own affective responses, needs to be addressed.
Aim. The purpose of this study was to explore—through lived and told stories—the affective, interactional ...
Develop A Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (Sids) Education Package In Jordan: Using Participatory Action Research Approach To Create Ripple Of Change, 2013 ECU, Western Australia & Al-albayt University, Jordan
Develop A Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (Sids) Education Package In Jordan: Using Participatory Action Research Approach To Create Ripple Of Change, Shereen Hamadneh, Jehan Hamadneh
IInfant mortality is high in Jordan, a developing country in the Middle East, at 19 per 1000 live births. Most mortality risk factors are preventable. The SIDS incidence rate has also been extrapolated as 11.22 per 1000 live births . This is much higher than the United State of America (USA), a developed country (0.54 per 1000 live births) . Most of modifiable SIDS risk factors can be reduced by increasing knowledge, change behaviors and practices regarding SIDS risks and prevention measures.
There has not been a major investment in educating Jordanians about SIDS. Heath care providers ...
Influence Of Motivation On The Efficacy Of Natural Family Planning, 2013 Marquette University
Influence Of Motivation On The Efficacy Of Natural Family Planning, Richard J. Fehring, Mary Schneider, Mary Lee Barron, Jessica E. Pruszynski
Randomized Comparison of Two Internet-Supported Methods of Natural Family Planning
Purpose: Mutual motivation is recognized as essential for effective behavioral methods of family planning. Few studies have studied this factor in family planning efficacy. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of mutual motivation on unintended pregnancy rates of couples who used natural family planning (NFP) methods to avoid pregnancy.
Study Design and Methods: Using an online taught NFP method, 358women and ( their male partners) indicated “how much” and “how hard” they wished to avoid pregnancy on a scale of 0-10 before each menstrual cycle charted over 12 month of use. This motivation scale is used in ...
Sonographic Findings In Acute Uterine Inversion, 2013 Lehigh Valley Health Network
Sonographic Findings In Acute Uterine Inversion, John C. Smulian Md, Mph, Joseph D. Defulvio Do, Liany C. Diven Md, Jose Luiis Terrazas Md
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
We present a case of acute uterine inversion in the third stage of labor in which critical management decisions were facilitated by ultrasound imaging in the operating room. Identification of the ovary and adnexa pulled into the inclination of the inversion allowed successful diagnosis and guidance of uterine replacement.
Taking Family Centered Care To A Whole New Level: Babycam, 2013 Lehigh Valley Health Network
Taking Family Centered Care To A Whole New Level: Babycam, Cathy L. Bailey Rn, Ms, Crnp
Patient Care Services / Nursing
No abstract provided.
Randomized Comparison Of Two Internet-Supported Fertility Awareness Based Methods Of Family Planning, 2013 Marquette University
Randomized Comparison Of Two Internet-Supported Fertility Awareness Based Methods Of Family Planning, Richard J. Fehring, Mary Schneider, Kathleen Raviele, Dana Rodriguez, Jessica E. Pruszynski
Randomized Comparison of Two Internet-Supported Methods of Natural Family Planning
Background: The aim was to compare the efficacy and acceptability of two Internet-supported fertility-awareness-based methods of family planning.
Study design: Six hundred and sixty-seven women and their male partners were randomized into either an electronic hormonal fertility monitor (EHFM) group or a cervical mucus monitoring (CMM) group. Both groups utilized a Web site with instructions, charts and support. Acceptability was assessed online at 1, 3 and 6 months. Pregnancy rates were determined by survival analysis.
Results: The EHFM participants (N=197) had a total pregnancy rate of 7 per 100 users over 12 months of use compared with 18.5 ...