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Developing Morally Sensitive Policy In The Nicu: Donation After Circulatory Determination Of Death, Michael van Manen, Nicole Kain 2017 University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry

Developing Morally Sensitive Policy In The Nicu: Donation After Circulatory Determination Of Death, Michael Van Manen, Nicole Kain

The Qualitative Report

Policy development is an important activity for the practice of healthcare. Policies, after all, may cultivate common practices and ensure that best available evidence is employed in clinical decision making. Qualitative research and individuals with expertise in qualitative research methods have much to offer policy makers. We were confronted with the situation of developing policy for donation after circulatory death (DCD) for our newborn intensive care program. Due the moral-ethical complexities surrounding DCD, and the limited experience with DCD in this context, we approached policy development from an iterative design perspective employing qualitative methods. We describe our experience in employing ...


Birthing Center Versus Hospitalized Birth, Nicolette Larsen 2016 Illinois Wesleyan University

Birthing Center Versus Hospitalized Birth, Nicolette Larsen

CrissCross

There are many risks and benefits of giving birth at a birthing center versus a hospital. Determining the location of birth is an important decision, as women in the world today have many options of where to have their child. Hospitals and birthing centers are two places where medical professionals provide prenatal, labor and delivery, and postpartum care for the mother and fetus during this memorable time. While hospital nurses and physicians provide advanced medical care, birthing centers focus on holistic care of the family unit emphasizing mental, spiritual, and physical health. Doctors often perform cesarean sections (C-sections) for non-medical ...


Reducing Annual Emergency Department Visits Through Improved Asthma Discharge Teaching, Alvin R. Walters 2016 University of San Francisco

Reducing Annual Emergency Department Visits Through Improved Asthma Discharge Teaching, Alvin R. Walters

Master's Projects

Asthma is the most common pediatric condition in the United States, and a child's home environment plays an impactful role in the triggering of asthma exacerbations (Harper et al., 2015). Current emergency department (ED) ideology focuses on symptoms management, with little time spent on education, and virtually no attention paid to the home environment. Evidence shows that programs which incorporate home environmental assessments into asthma patient education produce a reduction in annual ED visits, fewer missed school days, decreased use of rescue medications, and improvements in quality of life (Gruber K.J., et al, 2016, Hollenbach J.P. & Cloutier ...


An Examination Into The Relationship Between Iron Deficiency And Postpartum Depression, Sara A. Burroughs 2016 Liberty University

An Examination Into The Relationship Between Iron Deficiency And Postpartum Depression, Sara A. Burroughs

Senior Honors Theses

Postpartum depression is recognized as the most common complication of childbearing; however, its etiology remains fairly undetermined. Many different influences have been hypothesized as to what may cause postpartum depression, including changes in levels of various hormones (such as estrogen and progesterone), a decrease in serotonin, low levels of vitamin D, social factors, and iron deficiency. The lack of strong evidence for one specific cause makes it fairly clear that there are many factors that play a role in the development of postpartum depression. Iron deficiency is one issue that is thought to contribute to the development of postpartum depression ...


Parturient Safety: Proper Positioning Education Prior To Neuraxial Anesthesia, Christina Joy Young 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Parturient Safety: Proper Positioning Education Prior To Neuraxial Anesthesia, Christina Joy Young

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

In the United States, 61% of parturient patients elect neuraxial anesthesia for labor pain (Koyyalamudi et al., 2016). The incidence of postdural puncture headache is estimated up to 81% following accidental dural puncture-especially in pregnant women receiving elective epidurals (Ragab & Facharzt, 2014). Although the combined rates of complications for spinal and epidural anesthesia are low (2.78%) (American Society Anesthesiologists, 2014), patient safety is extremely important and should be addressed by the overall healthcare system. The purpose of this project assessed a willingness to change which focused on the CRNAs incorporation of proper positioning education prior to neuraxial anesthesia into ...


Reducing Hypotension In Elective Cesarean Section Patients With Administration Of Ondansetron Prior To Spinal Anesthesia: A Retrospective Chart Analysis, Linsey Erin Phipps 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Reducing Hypotension In Elective Cesarean Section Patients With Administration Of Ondansetron Prior To Spinal Anesthesia: A Retrospective Chart Analysis, Linsey Erin Phipps

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

The birth of a child is one of the most memorable moments in a woman’s life, and many women undergo an elective cesarean section, requiring spinal anesthesia. At this time, the patient and the unborn child’s well-being become the anesthetist’s main focus. The ultimate goal of anesthesia providers is to provide the safest care to the patient. Spinal anesthesia has many benefits, but has a common side effect of hypotension, which can also result in nausea. Hypotension, dangerous to mother and child, is often treated with vasopressors, but can also cause nausea, which is treated by the ...


Efficacy Of Intravenous Ondansetron In Relieving Nausea/Vomiting And Pruritus Post Epidural Administered Opioids In The Obstetric Patient, Benjamin Stephen Butler 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Efficacy Of Intravenous Ondansetron In Relieving Nausea/Vomiting And Pruritus Post Epidural Administered Opioids In The Obstetric Patient, Benjamin Stephen Butler

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

One prominent side effect in the use of a neuraxial anesthesia is pruritus, with an incidence in the obstetric patient of 60-100% (Kumar & Singh, 2013). Another side effect of an epidural placement is nausea and vomiting. Nausea and vomiting occurs frequently during the progress of labor and is difficult to determine an incidence that is related to epidural opioid administration (Chestnut, Wong, Tsen, Ngan Kee, Beilin, & Mhyre, 2014). A review of literature was performed and established evidence that ondansetron is effective in reducing incidence of pruritus in intrathecal administered opioids for cesarean sections in the obstetric patient. No literature was ...


Intergenerational Hispanic Perceptions Of Childhood Obesity, Janelle Weiss 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Intergenerational Hispanic Perceptions Of Childhood Obesity, Janelle Weiss

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background: Childhood obesity is on the rise in the United States especially among minority families. This study investigates how Hispanic parents perceive their child's weight based on years of acculturation, education level, age, child’s gender and 1st or 2nd generation status.

Objective: To assess if there are differences in perception between more acculturated Hispanic immigrants and their less acculturated counterparts.

Methods: Data were collected using the Child's Body Image Scale. Participants were asked to arrange the images based on a series of questions inquiring about their perception of their child and health in general. BMI ...


Coping With The Risk Of Cancer In Children Living Near Power Lines, Eileen N. Abt 2016 University of New Hampshire

Coping With The Risk Of Cancer In Children Living Near Power Lines, Eileen N. Abt

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Ms. Abt briefly summarizes evidence linking power lines with a possible increase in risk of childhood cancer. She also recounts how, although many experts remain skeptical of causality, public fears, whether or not warranted, have themselves created serious problems. Finally, she proposes ways to address those problems.


Home Visiting Programs For Families Of Children Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing: A Systematic Review, Nannette Nicholson, Patti Martin, Abby Smith, Sheila Thomas, Ahmad A. Alanazi M.Aud. 2016 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Arkansas Children's Hospital

Home Visiting Programs For Families Of Children Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing: A Systematic Review, Nannette Nicholson, Patti Martin, Abby Smith, Sheila Thomas, Ahmad A. Alanazi M.Aud.

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Prelingual hearing loss greatly restricts a child’s language development, hindering his or her behavioral, cognitive and social functioning. Although technology such as hearing aids and cochlear implants are an option for providing access to sound, they fail to teach the child how to listen or attend, how to process language (whether visual or spoken), or how to produce language and communicate. Home visiting is widely recognized as a cost-effective intervention service delivery model. Home visiting programs for promoting language development in children who are diagnosed as deaf or hard of hearing have been in existence for over 50 years ...


Training New Mothers In Infant Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (Cpr), Gavin C. Barr Jr. MD, Marna R. Greenberg DO, MPH, FACEP, Valerie Rupp RN, BSN, Charles C. Worrilow MD, Katie Fredericks, Anne Marie Crown, John Reed RRT 2016 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Training New Mothers In Infant Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (Cpr), Gavin C. Barr Jr. Md, Marna R. Greenberg Do, Mph, Facep, Valerie Rupp Rn, Bsn, Charles C. Worrilow Md, Katie Fredericks, Anne Marie Crown, John Reed Rrt

Charles Worrilow, MD.

No abstract provided.


Development Of A Breastfeeding Class Specifically For Working Moms, Maryleah S. Needels 2016 University of San Francisco

Development Of A Breastfeeding Class Specifically For Working Moms, Maryleah S. Needels

Master's Projects

Successfully breastfeeding mothers who are planning to return to work and remain exclusively breastfeeding their infants have a knowledge deficit as to the federal law protecting their rights along with the basic skills for pumping, storing, and bottle-feeding of breast milk. There is a significant drop in breastfeeding rates at both the 3 and 6-month marker, which coincides with maternal return to employment. After attending the Working Moms Breastfeeding Class, 100% of mothers reported an increase in knowledge surrounding the law and the CDC’s basic skills for handling pumped breast milk based on a pre/post questionnaire. Bandura’s ...


Human Papilloma Virus-Related Cervical Dysplasia, Shaylyn D. Webster 2016 Otterbein University

Human Papilloma Virus-Related Cervical Dysplasia, Shaylyn D. Webster

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Among sexually active men and women, the human papilloma virus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. With more than 200 different genotypes of HPV known, there are more than 500,000 cases each year in the United States alone (Lowy, 2016). The virus is associated with nearly all cervical cancers, anal cancers, vaginal cancers, penile cancers, and head and neck cancers (Jorge & Wright, 2016). In women, the virus is capable of causing slow cellular changes on the cervix, and this dysplasia is graded based on severity (Jorge & Wright, 2016).

The statistics related to the prevalence and ...


Type 1 Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation: The Most Common Lung Lesion In Newborns., Delilah Penn 2016 Otterbein University

Type 1 Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation: The Most Common Lung Lesion In Newborns., Delilah Penn

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

A poster project on Type 1 Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation: The most common lung lesion in newborns.


Weight, Temperature, And Transcutaneous Bilirubin Of The Term Neonate At Discharge: A Comparative Study Between A Traditional Nursery And Rooming-In Model Of Care, Jennifer L. Pass 2016 Kennesaw State University

Weight, Temperature, And Transcutaneous Bilirubin Of The Term Neonate At Discharge: A Comparative Study Between A Traditional Nursery And Rooming-In Model Of Care, Jennifer L. Pass

MSN in Leadership in Nursing Final Projects

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine day of discharge term neonate outcomes of percent weight change, body temperature, and transcutaneous bilirubin from a traditional nursery and a rooming-in model of care.

Design: A retrospective, descriptive, comparative design was used, comparing two groups for differences between outcomes.

Methods: A total of 102 electronic neonate records from one hospital in north Georgia were examined and divided based on when the model of neonate care changed from the traditional nursery care setting to full rooming-in, which was early November 2010: Group 1 (traditional care) consisted of 51 term neonates discharged ...


Appropriate Gestational Weight Gain, Eugelyn Opalec Santos 2016 University of San Diego

Appropriate Gestational Weight Gain, Eugelyn Opalec Santos

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

Over the past 30 years, excessive weight gain during pregnancy among American women has been a significant concern, resulting in serious health consequences to mothers and their newborns. During 2011, 48% of U.S. women gained more than the ideal amount of weight during pregnancy. Several international studies have also documented that excessive weight gain during pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. As a result, one in ten babies were born prematurely in the United States in 2014. Based on the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) guidelines (2009), the purpose of this project was to implement ...


Obstetric Triage Improvement, Whitney DePaoli 2016 University of San Francisco

Obstetric Triage Improvement, Whitney Depaoli

Master's Projects

The objective of the obstetric triage improvement project is to decrease the average length of stay for perinatal patients presenting to the obstetric triage. The setting is a university hospital in a large urban city. The population includes pregnant patients with obstetric complaints presenting to triage for further evaluation. Methods used include a root cause analysis, process mapping, lean transformation methodology, and standardization of workflow. The results of the project include reducing the average length of stay in obstetric triage from a baseline of 152 minutes to 120.58 minutes, which represents a 21% decrease. The creation of standard workflows ...


Reducing Iv Infiltrates In The Neonatal Population, Stephanie L. Miller 2016 The University of San Francisco

Reducing Iv Infiltrates In The Neonatal Population, Stephanie L. Miller

Master's Projects

Abstract

The objective of the CNL project is to improve the quality of care provided to our patients. The project focuses efforts to reduce IV infiltrates by auditing all running IV lines, IV management monitoring and auditing infiltrate grading and documentation to find commonalities that could be causing infiltrates.

The project is focusing on the neonatal population at a children’s hospital in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). This NICU is an 80 bed unit that houses both critical care patients and intermediate care neonates.

Auditing was a major component to the project and helped with identifying common causes ...


A Quality Improvement Project On Diagnosis And Management Of Asthma In A Private Pediatric Setting., Sosamma Ashley 2016 A DNP- FNP student graduating on May 19th, 2016

A Quality Improvement Project On Diagnosis And Management Of Asthma In A Private Pediatric Setting., Sosamma Ashley

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Abstract

Background: Although national guidelines exist for the diagnosis and management of asthma, general practice differs significantly from recommendations. Quality improvement methodology when implemented can narrow quality gaps.

Objective: The objective of the project was to create and implement a plan of action to address identified gaps in key clinical activities of asthma care among pediatric population in a private pediatric setting in Northern California

Methods: The project was centered on the use of Education in Quality Improvement for Pediatric Practice (EQIPP), a program of the American Academy of the Pediatrics. Both the pediatrician and the DNP student took this ...


Psychological And Sociocultural Influences Of Current And Historical Intimate Partner Violence In Pregnancy, Cindy D. Phillips 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy

Psychological And Sociocultural Influences Of Current And Historical Intimate Partner Violence In Pregnancy, Cindy D. Phillips

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1.5 million women are victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) each year, and 324,000 of these women are pregnant (2013). Research on the predictability of certain factors and their relationship to current and historical IPV is limited. In order to better understand IPV as it related to a sample of 1,016 Appalachian pregnant women selected for the Tennessee Interventions for Pregnant Smokers (TIPS), it was important to evaluate various influences that may predict the prevalence of IPV in this population when compared to the State of Tennessee ...


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