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Maternal, Child Health and Neonatal Nursing Commons

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The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Type 1 Diabetics have various ways of managing their diabetes that have been studied for their effectiveness. Pregnancy in the Type 1 Diabetic has been understudied. It is known that Diabetics in general have poorer pregnancy outcomes because of poor glycemic control. This coupled with the fact that the body needs 3-4 times more insulin as pregnancy comes to an end makes managing blood glucose levels challenging for diabetics (Lowdermilk, 2016, p. 689). For the Type 1 Diabetic, there are two main ways to control diabetes: multiple daily injections using at least two type of insulin and continuous subcutaneous insulin ...


Quality Of Prenatal Care And Pregnancy Outcomes: Centering Pregnancy Versus Traditional Prenatal Care, Lisette M. Allender 2017 University of Texas at Tyler

Quality Of Prenatal Care And Pregnancy Outcomes: Centering Pregnancy Versus Traditional Prenatal Care, Lisette M. Allender

Nursing Theses and Dissertations

Prenatal care provides a unique opportunity for healthcare providers to improve outcomes for women and their families and by extension community health. Therefore, prenatal care has the opportunity to become the cornerstone of healthcare in our nation. It can influence the health of the mother, newborn, and family unit long beyond the course of a 9-month pregnancy. However, evidence supporting positive outcomes from current tradition based models of prenatal care is lacking.

The current United States prenatal system limits the patient-provider relationship, does not empower the patient, lacks emphasis on education, and is not woman-centered. The aim of the study ...


Translating Continuing Professional Development Education To Nursing Practice In Rwanda: Enhancing Maternal And Newborn Health, Yvonne Kasine 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Translating Continuing Professional Development Education To Nursing Practice In Rwanda: Enhancing Maternal And Newborn Health, Yvonne Kasine

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Neonatal asphyxia is the leading cause of neonatal deaths in Rwanda. The Helping Babies Breathe (HBB©) course was initiated by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) in 2010 to help in reducing neonatal mortality in resource limited areas. Little is known about nurses’ experiences of applying the knowledge and skills acquired from HBB© courses in Rwanda. This study aimed to explore nurses’ experiences of translating continuing professional development education utilizing the HBB© course to nursing practice in Rwanda. This study was conducted using a qualitative descriptive design. A convenience sample of 10 nurses participated in individual interviews. Three categories emerged ...


Gavage Program For The Preterm Infant, Amanda K. Guina 2017 University of San Francisco

Gavage Program For The Preterm Infant, Amanda K. Guina

Master's Projects and Capstones

Preterm infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care unit, are susceptible to hospital acquired infections due to their immature immune systems. To mitigate this occurrence a change project will be implemented to decrease the incidence of nosocomial infection in this population. The project will be focusing on preterm infants working on full nipple feeds. Our project is aiming to discharge this population home with a nasogastric tube to work on feedings, rather than remaining in the hospital. Chart Audits were conducted pre-program and found approximately 18 patients acquired blood stream infections and 2 acquired MRSA. The method used to assist in ...


Infection Control: Reducing Hospital Acquired Central Line Bloodstream Infections, Bobbie Joy Hollins 2017 University of San Francisco

Infection Control: Reducing Hospital Acquired Central Line Bloodstream Infections, Bobbie Joy Hollins

Master's Projects and Capstones

Hospital-acquired infections are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal intensive care units (Ceballos, Waterman, Hulett, & Makic, 2013). It’s estimated that each neonatal bloodstream infection costs about $35,000 and adds about two weeks to a baby’s hospital stay (Akron's Children Hospital, 2015). This project was formulated to reduce the incidence of central line blood stream infections in the neonatal population. The setting used for this project was a 40 bed Level III Neonatal ICU. The methods executed include: conducting a root-cause analysis and formulating a unit survey. Kurt Lewin’s Three-Step Change Model was ...


Improving Breastfeeding Rates By Using Glucose Gel To Treat Newborn Hypoglycemia, Madena Barak 2017 University of San Francisco

Improving Breastfeeding Rates By Using Glucose Gel To Treat Newborn Hypoglycemia, Madena Barak

Master's Projects and Capstones

Newborn hypoglycemia occurs in 5-15% of newborns during the postnatal period (Weston et al., 2016). Typical treatment for hypoglycemia includes supplementing with formula, which causes a decrease in breastfeeding rates, decreasing patient satisfaction, and interfering with maternal-infant bonding. To combat this issue, a large community hospital in Southern California used Lewin’s Theory of Planned Change to implement an alternative intervention for the treatment of newborn hypoglycemia. Evidence based articles as well as collaboration with surrounding hospitals was used to support the use of oral dextrose gel instead of supplemental formula to treat newborn hypoglycemia. The hospital’s revised treatment ...


I’M A Big Kid Now: Enhancing Transition Rn Residents’ Confidence During Pediatric Patient Care, Emily W. Lam 2017 University of San Francisco

I’M A Big Kid Now: Enhancing Transition Rn Residents’ Confidence During Pediatric Patient Care, Emily W. Lam

Master's Projects and Capstones

The title of the clinical nurse leader project is “I’m a Big Kid Now: Enhancing Transition RN Residents’ Confidence During Pediatric Patient Care”. The project aims to improve the support components for Transition RN residents during their Transition RN Residency at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles. The clinical leadership theme that correlates to this project is communication. The clinical nurse leader’s role is to act as an educator and a facilitator throughout this project. In examining the clinical nurse leader competencies, competencies “use performance measures to assess and improve the delivery of evidence-based practices and promote outcomes that ...


Safe Sleep In The Nicu Environment For Sids Prevention, Renee J. Aumua 2017 University of San Francisco

Safe Sleep In The Nicu Environment For Sids Prevention, Renee J. Aumua

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome(SIDS) remains a leading cause of death for infants less than one year of age. Historically, Neonatal Intensive Care units have been exempt from following SIDS safe sleep guidelines recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics(AAP) for SIDS prevention due to patient medical status and environment. However, in 2011 these guidelines were updated by the AAP to include NICU specific recommendations. This is a very important change due to this patient population being at a higher risk for SIDS than the term, well newborn. The Safe Sleep project was conducted in a 35 bed ...


Effect Of Activity Trackers And Text Messaging On Exercise, Fitness, And Physical Activity Self-Efficacy Of Middle School Students, Alison F. Pittman 2017 University of Texas at Tyler

Effect Of Activity Trackers And Text Messaging On Exercise, Fitness, And Physical Activity Self-Efficacy Of Middle School Students, Alison F. Pittman

Nursing Theses and Dissertations

A decrease in physical activity as children age is a contributing factor to the U.S. obesity epidemic. Middle school children are particularly vulnerable to sedentary activities. Activity trackers show promise as a means to motivate children and adults to increase physical activity (PA). This study examined the effect of a text messaging intervention and use of activity trackers with a companion social website on the body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage, physical fitness, and PA self-efficacy of middle school children. Children aged 11-14 (n=102) were randomly assigned to one of three groups for a 10-week intervention: activity ...


Psychometric Evaluation Of The Nursing Child Assessment Teaching (Ncat) Scale In Two Samples Of Mothers And Children, Samantha H. Ransone 2017 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Psychometric Evaluation Of The Nursing Child Assessment Teaching (Ncat) Scale In Two Samples Of Mothers And Children, Samantha H. Ransone

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

The mother-child relationship (MCR) has received an increasing amount of attention over the last several decades regarding its effect on long-term child development. Because the quality and quantity of interactions in the MCR have been established as important predictors of the child’s development, early identification of areas in the relationship requiring support and intervention is essential for promoting positive child outcomes. Observational assessment of the mother and child is considered best practice in evaluating maternal-child interaction (MCI). The Nursing Child Assessment Teaching (NCAT) scale is an instrument that has been used to quantify the quality of interaction in the ...


The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2017

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus accounts for approximately 5% of the diabetic population (CDC, 2015). Numerous complications must be avoided when a diabetic is insulin dependent. Women who are diabetic who are planning to conceive a family have special considerations. Little research has been focused into how to best manage Type 1 diabetics during pregnancy. Since Type 1 diabetes is predominantly diagnosed between birth and 30 years of age, many Type 1 diabetics have potential to become pregnant without knowing how to best manage their diabetes. Poor glycemic control in diabetics has been related to miscarriages, stillbirths, malformations, and macrosomia (Lapolla ...


Time To Push: Use Of Gestational Age In The Electronic Health Record To Support Delivery Of Relevant Prenatal Education Content, Adriana Arcia 2017 Columbia University

Time To Push: Use Of Gestational Age In The Electronic Health Record To Support Delivery Of Relevant Prenatal Education Content, Adriana Arcia

eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes)

Introduction: Clinicians must provide anticipatory guidance pregnant clients would find useful but might not seek out independently. Client-facing health information resources should a) satisfy clients’ health self-management queries, and b) provide anticipatory guidance at developmentally appropriate times. Care Guide (by our technology partner, Maternity Neighborhood™) is an online maternity education platform positioned to meet pregnant clients’ information needs through high-quality, curated content paired with secure provider/client messaging. The research version of Care Guide is called Maternity Information Access Point (MIAP). Little is known about how clients perceive or engage with maternity education delivered via patient portal or personal health ...


Enhancing Nursing Students’ Understanding Of Oral Health: An Educational Intervention With An Interprofessional Component, Shelley Spurr Dr., Jill Bally Dr., Alyssa Hayes Dr., Marcella Ogenchuk Dr., Krista Trinder 2017 University of Saskatchewan, College of Nursing

Enhancing Nursing Students’ Understanding Of Oral Health: An Educational Intervention With An Interprofessional Component, Shelley Spurr Dr., Jill Bally Dr., Alyssa Hayes Dr., Marcella Ogenchuk Dr., Krista Trinder

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Oral health is integral to general health and essential for well-being, and therefore, should be prioritized in pediatric nursing education. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine if an oral health education intervention with an Interprofessional Education (IPE) component delivered to third-year baccalaureate nursing students would improve their knowledge of pediatric oral health care. Nursing students (n=99) from a Bachelor of Nursing program in a mid-Western Canadian university completed a survey before and after receiving the educational intervention which included a two-hour lecture from a Dentistry faculty member and a one-hour clinical lab in which nursing students ...


The Benefits Of Breastfeeding, Annagrace E. Anderson 2017 Liberty University

The Benefits Of Breastfeeding, Annagrace E. Anderson

Senior Honors Theses

Breast milk is the gold standard for infant nutrition. In the past, infant formula was promoted as equal or superior to breast milk. However, research has shown that breastfeeding is the superior form of infant nutrition except in rare circumstances. Breast milk provides for all of a newborn’s caloric needs and has the correct balance of nutrients to promote proper development. In addition, breast milk provides protection against illnesses, supports an infant’s immune system, and promotes life-long health for the newborn. Mothers also experience personal benefits by breastfeeding such as decreased cancer risks, bonding with their babies, and ...


Critical Analysis Of Breastfeeding Education Provided In The Hospital, Abigail Sweet 2017 University of Rhode Island

Critical Analysis Of Breastfeeding Education Provided In The Hospital, Abigail Sweet

Senior Honors Projects

The World Health Organization (W.H.O) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of an infant’s life. A large majority of new mothers are making the decision to breastfeed their newborn child. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as of 2016, high breastfeeding initiation rates show that most mothers in the U.S. want to breastfeed and are trying to do so. However, there are several indicators that suggest that mothers may not be getting the support they need and the early postpartum period is a critical time for establishing support for breastfeeding. Depending ...


Neonatal Implications Of Substance Use Treatment During Pregnancy, Michele K. Savin, MSN, NNP-BC 2017 School of Nursing, Thomas Jefferson University

Neonatal Implications Of Substance Use Treatment During Pregnancy, Michele K. Savin, Msn, Nnp-Bc

College of Nursing Faculty Papers & Presentations

I am writing in response to “Pharmacologic Treatment of Opioid Addiction During Pregnancy” by Keough and Fantasia (2017). The article nicely compares and summarizes the use of methadone and buprenorphine to treat substance use in pregnant women. I was dismayed, however, by the sections regarding neonatal considerations and breastfeeding, which contained some problematic assertions and some inaccurate conclusions.


Challenges And Facilitators Of Recruitment: Lessons Learned From Conducting A Focused Ethnography In A Vulnerable Rural Population, Debra Kramlich, Rebecca Kronk, Karen Jakub 2017 Duquesne University

Challenges And Facilitators Of Recruitment: Lessons Learned From Conducting A Focused Ethnography In A Vulnerable Rural Population, Debra Kramlich, Rebecca Kronk, Karen Jakub

The Qualitative Report

The purpose of this article is to describe the challenges and facilitators of recruitment encountered in an ethnographic dissertation study of rural women with substance use disorders during the perinatal period. While the study is being conducted in the hospital setting post-delivery, potential participants who meet inclusion criteria are identified by practitioners through a number of perinatal practices within a wide geographic area as well as by inpatient social workers. Recruitment in this vulnerable and often socially disadvantaged population has been found to be challenging with regard to ethical approval, participant eligibility and availability, practice changes, and discrepancies in the ...


Developing Morally Sensitive Policy In The Nicu: Donation After Circulatory Determination Of Death, Michael van Manen, Nicole Kain 2017 University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry

Developing Morally Sensitive Policy In The Nicu: Donation After Circulatory Determination Of Death, Michael Van Manen, Nicole Kain

The Qualitative Report

Policy development is an important activity for the practice of healthcare. Policies, after all, may cultivate common practices and ensure that best available evidence is employed in clinical decision making. Qualitative research and individuals with expertise in qualitative research methods have much to offer policy makers. We were confronted with the situation of developing policy for donation after circulatory death (DCD) for our newborn intensive care program. Due the moral-ethical complexities surrounding DCD, and the limited experience with DCD in this context, we approached policy development from an iterative design perspective employing qualitative methods. We describe our experience in employing ...


Effectiveness Of School-Based Interventions Versus Family-Based Interventions In The Prevention And Treatment Of Childhood Obesity, Ashley Capestrain, Emily Montague, Meghan Frantz 2017 The University of Akron

Effectiveness Of School-Based Interventions Versus Family-Based Interventions In The Prevention And Treatment Of Childhood Obesity, Ashley Capestrain, Emily Montague, Meghan Frantz

Honors Research Projects

Childhood obesity affects 155 million children worldwide. As prevalence increases, it is important to identify effective interventions in the treatment and prevention of childhood obesity. Obesity may result in short and long term effects linked to some of the leading causes of morbidity and early mortality. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, review, and critically appraise evidence from studies examining the effect of family and school based interventions. This review answers the following PICO question: In children, how do family based interventions compare to school based interventions, in the prevention and treatment of obesity? Methods included literature ...


Effects Of Kangaroo Care On Procedural Pain In Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review, Alyssa M. Pagni, Sophia Kellar, Mary Rood 2017 The University of Akron

Effects Of Kangaroo Care On Procedural Pain In Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review, Alyssa M. Pagni, Sophia Kellar, Mary Rood

Honors Research Projects

Approximately 64,000 preterm infants are born annually in the United States. With preterm infants enduring between 10-16 painful procedures daily, it is important for nurses to use interventions that effectively decrease pain. Procedural pain in premature infants may result in short-term and long-term negative physical, cognitive, and emotional effects. Kangaroo care is the act of holding an infant making skin on skin contact. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, review, and critically appraise the evidence from studies examining the effect of Kangaroo Care on procedural pain in premature infants. Literature was searched in university databases and ...


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