Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Maternal, Child Health and Neonatal Nursing Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

465 Full-Text Articles 623 Authors 242722 Downloads 82 Institutions

All Articles in Maternal, Child Health and Neonatal Nursing

Faceted Search

465 full-text articles. Page 1 of 17.

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey 2017 Dominican University of California

The Effects Of Continuous Insulin Pump Therapy On Glycemic Control In Pregnant Type 1 Diabetics, Kimberly Kelsey

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Type 1 Diabetics have various ways of managing their diabetes that have been studied for their effectiveness. Pregnancy in the Type 1 Diabetic has been understudied. It is known that Diabetics in general have poorer pregnancy outcomes because of poor glycemic control. This coupled with the fact that the body needs 3-4 times more insulin as pregnancy comes to an end makes managing blood glucose levels challenging for diabetics (Lowdermilk, 2016, p. 689). For the Type 1 Diabetic, there are two main ways to control diabetes: multiple daily injections using at least two type of insulin and continuous subcutaneous insulin ...


Advanced Maternal Age And The Correlation Between Cesarean Birth Rates, Hope Campbell 2017 DePaul University

Advanced Maternal Age And The Correlation Between Cesarean Birth Rates, Hope Campbell

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the mean age of mothers at the delivery of their first child has increased from 24.9 years to 26.3 years between 2000 and 2014. Miscarriages, financial instability, lack of a partner and more effective contraception may also be associated with the increasing rate of delayed pregnancy. The increasing rate of delayed pregnancy could contribute to the higher rate of cesarean section deliveries in women over the age of 35 which could lead to an increased risk to mother and fetus. The rising cesarean rate is associated with rising ...


Early Life Antibiotic Exposure And Its Association With Overweight/Obesity: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Margaret Pfaff 2017 DePaul University

Early Life Antibiotic Exposure And Its Association With Overweight/Obesity: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Margaret Pfaff

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Early Life Antibiotic Exposure and its Association with Overweight/Obesity: An Integrative Review of the Literature

Margaret Pfaff

Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Shannon Simonovich

Background: Prevention of or treatment for obesity could improve quality of life for many people. Infancy may be a critical period during which efforts should be focused to mitigate modifiable factors that may influence the risk for developing obesity.

Objectives: This integrative literature identified factors associated with greater incidence or effects of antibiotic exposure during infancy and examined the connection between early life antibiotic exposure and later in life overweight/obesity.

Method: This analysis followed the Whittemore ...


Postpartum Depression And Childbirth Education: An Integrative Literature Review, Marialicia J. Kunkel 2017 DePaul University

Postpartum Depression And Childbirth Education: An Integrative Literature Review, Marialicia J. Kunkel

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Postpartum Depression (PPD) is a mood disorder that affects approximately 15% of women. Preventative methods are key to reducing the prevalence of PPD, and childbirth educators are in a unique position to disseminate information to new parents.

Objective: The purpose of this literature to review was to investigate what PPD information is currently being incorporated in Childbirth education curriculum. The goal of this literature review was to establish whether new parents were being educated on PPD prior to giving birth and if that helped raise levels of awareness.

Methods: Articles were found using Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied ...


Impact Of Socioeconomic Status On Prenatal Nutrition And Postpartum Depression, Kelsey Moran 2017 DePaul University

Impact Of Socioeconomic Status On Prenatal Nutrition And Postpartum Depression, Kelsey Moran

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most common complication of childbirth, affecting 11-20% of women who give birth each year. Women suffering from PPD may experience feelings of guilt, worthlessness, and anxiety related to birth, and may think of suicide or harm towards their baby. Nutrition plays a key role in the onset, severity, and duration of general depression. Although nutritional deficiencies can be prevalent among all Americans, they disproportionately affect low-income individuals. There is currently a knowledge gap regarding postpartum depression causation in low-income women. It is important to understand the cause of postpartum depression to provide appropriate intervention ...


Programs That Can Support Nurses To Reduce Compassion Fatigue And Secondary Traumatic Stress: An Integrative Literature Review, Molly Gruettner 2017 DePaul University

Programs That Can Support Nurses To Reduce Compassion Fatigue And Secondary Traumatic Stress: An Integrative Literature Review, Molly Gruettner

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Compassion allows a nurse to empathize with their patient and their family, but it does not prepare the nurse to cope with stressful events. Repeatedly being exposed to traumatizing events, pain, distress, and suffering can lead to nurse burn-out and fatigue. Compassion fatigue is a unique form of burnout and secondary traumatic stress (STS) encompasses ideas of compassion fatigue and the two terms are often used interchangeably. Objective: The goal of this systematic integrated literature review is to discover interventions to reduce compassion fatigue and STS in trauma nurses Methods: A systematic integrated literature review study was conducted using Ebscohost ...


Midline Catheter Usage In The Neonatal Population, Kelly Freeland 2017 The University of San Francisco

Midline Catheter Usage In The Neonatal Population, Kelly Freeland

Master's Projects and Capstones

Neonatal sepsis is associated with increased mortality and morbidities including lengthy hospital stays. Neonate’s immature immune system and susceptibility to sepsis make them prone to antibiotic treatment. Lack of recommendations points to the need for evidence-based practices when selecting a vascular access device (VAD). Literature reviewed demonstrated that a midline catheter (MC) was an option for a VAD with neonatal populations requiring antibiotic therapy more than 48 hours. MCs offer fewer complications compared to the peripheral intravenous (PIV) device. The objective of this project is to reduce the amount of pain experienced by neonates by reducing the number of ...


Reducing The Risk Of Hypothermia In Neonatal Infants, Monika Klett-Dunbar 2017 The University of San Francisco

Reducing The Risk Of Hypothermia In Neonatal Infants, Monika Klett-Dunbar

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Global Aim: To improve infant thermoregulation within the first 24 hours of life of the high risk preterm and very low birth weight (VLBW) infant population in the NICU, thereby reducing rates of morbidity and mortality due to complications influenced by infant hypothermia. Project Aim: To reduce the rate of hypothermia at one hour and the first 24 hours of life in the target population of preterm neonates weighing less than 1500 grams with a gestational age less than 32 weeks from 9.5% to < 5% through the consistent use of a specific bundle of interventions applied in the labor and delivery setting, by December 2017. The aim of the current initiative is also to build on the success of the pilot program launched in 2015 by adding to the preliminary bundle of initiatives, and sustaining hard-won achievements by reinforcing education measures to the nursing and medical teams involved in the infant delivery and NICU admission process. Background: Hypothermia is a major factor in morbidity and mortality of low-birth-weight premature infants ...


The Need Of Lactation Consultant For Night Shift, Joyce Fung 2017 The University of San Francisco

The Need Of Lactation Consultant For Night Shift, Joyce Fung

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Breastfeeding can provide many health benefits for both mother and baby. To increase the health benefits for patients, a change project will be implemented to increase the rates of exclusive breastfeeding for postpartum patients. The project will be focusing on teaching and be providing information on health benefits of exclusive breastfeeding. Our project is aiming to increase the rates of exclusive breastfeeding by providing lactation consultants during night shift.

Surveys and interviews were conducted pre-program and found most patients are unaware of the health benefits of breastfeeding and the lactation consultant services provided by the hospital. The method used ...


Understanding The Blogging Practices Of Women Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization (Ivf): A Discourse Analysis Of Women’S Ivf Blogs, Elizabeth Orr, Susan M. Jack, Wendy Sword, Sandra Ireland, Lois Ostolosky 2017 McMaster University

Understanding The Blogging Practices Of Women Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization (Ivf): A Discourse Analysis Of Women’S Ivf Blogs, Elizabeth Orr, Susan M. Jack, Wendy Sword, Sandra Ireland, Lois Ostolosky

The Qualitative Report

Infertility and its associated treatments, including in vitro fertilization (IVF), can have a profound impact on the emotional health and well-being of women desiring to become mothers. Researchers have measured the impact of infertility and described the experience of infertility and its treatment, leaving the rich descriptions of the IVF experience as captured in women’s blogs to be explored. This discourse analysis describes the blogging practices of women undergoing IVF, exploring both the content and function of the IVF blog discourse. Data were collected from the text of seven women’s blogs (n=1,149 blog posts) and resulted ...


Newborn Kangaroo Care Immediately After Cesarean Birth, Sarah Abdolcader 2017 The University of San Francisco

Newborn Kangaroo Care Immediately After Cesarean Birth, Sarah Abdolcader

Master's Projects and Capstones

Newborn Kangaroo Care Immediately after Cesarean Birth

Sarah Abdolcader

Global Aim: Improve exclusive breastfeeding rates from 76% to 80% in the Perinatal Unit during the newborn’s hospital admission by February 2018.

Project Aim: Improve the percentage of mother/baby skin-to-skin (kangaroo holding) from a baseline of 55% to 65% by August 2017.

Setting: Perinatal Units

Participants: Newborns birthed via cesarean section

Evidence: According to the World Health Organization (2003), hospitals should have a goal of >80% exclusive breastfeeding rates for all newborns during their acute hospital stay and it begins with skin-to-skin contact (SSC), newborn’s bare chest placed ...


A Delphi Study: Guidelines For Researchers Working With Teenage Mothers, Alison M. Chamberlain 2017 The University of Texas at Tyler

A Delphi Study: Guidelines For Researchers Working With Teenage Mothers, Alison M. Chamberlain

Nursing Theses and Dissertations

Problem: It is difficult to get teenage mothers to participate in studies, yet some researchers have been successful. Researchers who understand the barriers to conducting studies with a vulnerable population and are guided in ways to overcome these barriers, will experience greater success when doing studies with this group. Improved study methods can lead to larger numbers of teenage mothers who participate in studies. Researchers who follow developmentally appropriate guidelines are more likely to conduct and replicate studies with this population. Access is essential to advance the science related to care for teenage mothers who are at risk for many ...


Quality Of Prenatal Care And Pregnancy Outcomes: Centering Pregnancy Versus Traditional Prenatal Care, Lisette M. Allender 2017 University of Texas at Tyler

Quality Of Prenatal Care And Pregnancy Outcomes: Centering Pregnancy Versus Traditional Prenatal Care, Lisette M. Allender

Nursing Theses and Dissertations

Prenatal care provides a unique opportunity for healthcare providers to improve outcomes for women and their families and by extension community health. Therefore, prenatal care has the opportunity to become the cornerstone of healthcare in our nation. It can influence the health of the mother, newborn, and family unit long beyond the course of a 9-month pregnancy. However, evidence supporting positive outcomes from current tradition based models of prenatal care is lacking.

The current United States prenatal system limits the patient-provider relationship, does not empower the patient, lacks emphasis on education, and is not woman-centered. The aim of the study ...


Translating Continuing Professional Development Education To Nursing Practice In Rwanda: Enhancing Maternal And Newborn Health, Yvonne Kasine 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Translating Continuing Professional Development Education To Nursing Practice In Rwanda: Enhancing Maternal And Newborn Health, Yvonne Kasine

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Neonatal asphyxia is the leading cause of neonatal deaths in Rwanda. The Helping Babies Breathe (HBB©) course was initiated by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) in 2010 to help in reducing neonatal mortality in resource limited areas. Little is known about nurses’ experiences of applying the knowledge and skills acquired from HBB© courses in Rwanda. This study aimed to explore nurses’ experiences of translating continuing professional development education utilizing the HBB© course to nursing practice in Rwanda. This study was conducted using a qualitative descriptive design. A convenience sample of 10 nurses participated in individual interviews. Three categories emerged ...


I’M A Big Kid Now: Enhancing Transition Rn Residents’ Confidence During Pediatric Patient Care, Emily W. Lam 2017 University of San Francisco

I’M A Big Kid Now: Enhancing Transition Rn Residents’ Confidence During Pediatric Patient Care, Emily W. Lam

Master's Projects and Capstones

The title of the clinical nurse leader project is “I’m a Big Kid Now: Enhancing Transition RN Residents’ Confidence During Pediatric Patient Care”. The project aims to improve the support components for Transition RN residents during their Transition RN Residency at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles. The clinical leadership theme that correlates to this project is communication. The clinical nurse leader’s role is to act as an educator and a facilitator throughout this project. In examining the clinical nurse leader competencies, competencies “use performance measures to assess and improve the delivery of evidence-based practices and promote outcomes that ...


Improving Breastfeeding Rates By Using Glucose Gel To Treat Newborn Hypoglycemia, Madena Barak 2017 University of San Francisco

Improving Breastfeeding Rates By Using Glucose Gel To Treat Newborn Hypoglycemia, Madena Barak

Master's Projects and Capstones

Newborn hypoglycemia occurs in 5-15% of newborns during the postnatal period (Weston et al., 2016). Typical treatment for hypoglycemia includes supplementing with formula, which causes a decrease in breastfeeding rates, decreasing patient satisfaction, and interfering with maternal-infant bonding. To combat this issue, a large community hospital in Southern California used Lewin’s Theory of Planned Change to implement an alternative intervention for the treatment of newborn hypoglycemia. Evidence based articles as well as collaboration with surrounding hospitals was used to support the use of oral dextrose gel instead of supplemental formula to treat newborn hypoglycemia. The hospital’s revised treatment ...


Gavage Program For The Preterm Infant, Amanda K. Guina 2017 University of San Francisco

Gavage Program For The Preterm Infant, Amanda K. Guina

Master's Projects and Capstones

Preterm infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care unit, are susceptible to hospital acquired infections due to their immature immune systems. To mitigate this occurrence a change project will be implemented to decrease the incidence of nosocomial infection in this population. The project will be focusing on preterm infants working on full nipple feeds. Our project is aiming to discharge this population home with a nasogastric tube to work on feedings, rather than remaining in the hospital. Chart Audits were conducted pre-program and found approximately 18 patients acquired blood stream infections and 2 acquired MRSA. The method used to assist in ...


Infection Control: Reducing Hospital Acquired Central Line Bloodstream Infections, Bobbie Joy Hollins 2017 University of San Francisco

Infection Control: Reducing Hospital Acquired Central Line Bloodstream Infections, Bobbie Joy Hollins

Master's Projects and Capstones

Hospital-acquired infections are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal intensive care units (Ceballos, Waterman, Hulett, & Makic, 2013). It’s estimated that each neonatal bloodstream infection costs about $35,000 and adds about two weeks to a baby’s hospital stay (Akron's Children Hospital, 2015). This project was formulated to reduce the incidence of central line blood stream infections in the neonatal population. The setting used for this project was a 40 bed Level III Neonatal ICU. The methods executed include: conducting a root-cause analysis and formulating a unit survey. Kurt Lewin’s Three-Step Change Model was ...


Safe Sleep In The Nicu Environment For Sids Prevention, Renee J. Aumua 2017 University of San Francisco

Safe Sleep In The Nicu Environment For Sids Prevention, Renee J. Aumua

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome(SIDS) remains a leading cause of death for infants less than one year of age. Historically, Neonatal Intensive Care units have been exempt from following SIDS safe sleep guidelines recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics(AAP) for SIDS prevention due to patient medical status and environment. However, in 2011 these guidelines were updated by the AAP to include NICU specific recommendations. This is a very important change due to this patient population being at a higher risk for SIDS than the term, well newborn. The Safe Sleep project was conducted in a 35 bed ...


Effect Of Activity Trackers And Text Messaging On Exercise, Fitness, And Physical Activity Self-Efficacy Of Middle School Students, Alison F. Pittman 2017 University of Texas at Tyler

Effect Of Activity Trackers And Text Messaging On Exercise, Fitness, And Physical Activity Self-Efficacy Of Middle School Students, Alison F. Pittman

Nursing Theses and Dissertations

A decrease in physical activity as children age is a contributing factor to the U.S. obesity epidemic. Middle school children are particularly vulnerable to sedentary activities. Activity trackers show promise as a means to motivate children and adults to increase physical activity (PA). This study examined the effect of a text messaging intervention and use of activity trackers with a companion social website on the body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage, physical fitness, and PA self-efficacy of middle school children. Children aged 11-14 (n=102) were randomly assigned to one of three groups for a 10-week intervention: activity ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress