Transcriptional And Post-Transcriptional Regulation Of Histone Variant H2a.Z During Sea Urchin Development, 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Transcriptional And Post-Transcriptional Regulation Of Histone Variant H2a.Z During Sea Urchin Development, Mihai Hajdu
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Histone variant H2A.Z promotes chromatin accessibility at transcriptional regulatory elements and is developmentally regulated in metazoans. We characterize the transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of H2A.Z in the purple sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. H2A.Z depletion by antisense translation-blocking morpholino oligonucleotides during early development causes developmental collapse, in agreement with its previously demonstrated general role in transcriptional multipotency. During H2A.Z peak expression in 24-h embryos, endogenous H2A.Z 3’ UTR sequences stabilize GFP mRNAs relative to those with SV40 3’ UTR sequences, although the 3’UTR of H2A.Z does not determine the spatial distribution of H2A.Z ...
Mrub_2642, Mrub_1054, And Mrub_1059 Genes Are Orthologs Of The Escherichia Coli Genes B2942, B0159, And B2687 Genes, Respectively, Which Code For Methionine Adenosyltransferase, Adenosylhomocysteine Nucleosidase, And S-Ribosylhomocysteine Lyase, 2017 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois
Mrub_2642, Mrub_1054, And Mrub_1059 Genes Are Orthologs Of The Escherichia Coli Genes B2942, B0159, And B2687 Genes, Respectively, Which Code For Methionine Adenosyltransferase, Adenosylhomocysteine Nucleosidase, And S-Ribosylhomocysteine Lyase, Nicholas M. Orslini, Dr. Lori R. Scott
Meiothermus ruber Genome Analysis Project
This project is part of the Meiothermus ruber genome analysis project, which uses the bioinformatics tools associated with the Guiding Education through Novel Investigation –Annotation Collaboration Toolkit (GENI-ACT) to predict gene function. We investigated the biological function of the genes Mrub_2642, Mrub_1054, and Mrub_1059.
We predict that Mrub_2642 encodes the enzyme methionine adenosyltransferase (DNA coordinates [2677251…2678426] on the reverse strand), the first step of the methionine degradation pathway (KEGG map number 00270). Methionine adenosyltransferase catalyzes the conversion of the substrates, ATP, L-methionine, and water, to yield the products S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM), inorganic phosphate, and diphosphate. Mrub_1054 encodes adenosylhomocysteine nucleosidase (DNA ...
Histone Deacetylase 3 Coordinates Heart Development Through Stage-Specific Roles In Cardiac Progenitor Cells, 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Histone Deacetylase 3 Coordinates Heart Development Through Stage-Specific Roles In Cardiac Progenitor Cells, Sara L. Lewandowski
GSBS Dissertations and Theses
Disruptions in cardiac development cause congenital heart disease, the most prevalent and deadly congenital malformation. Genetic and environmental factors are thought to contribute to these defects, however molecular mechanisms remain largely undefined. Recent work highlighted potential roles of chromatin- modifying enzymes in congenital heart disease pathogenesis. Histone deacetylases, a class of chromatin-modifying enzymes, have developmental importance and recognized roles in the mature heart. This thesis aimed to characterize functions of Hdac3 in cardiac development. We found loss of Hdac3 in the primary heart field causes precocious progenitor cell differentiation, resulting in hypoplastic ventricular walls, ventricular septal defect, and mid- gestational ...
Identification And Characterization Of Genes Involved In Metabolism Of N5 Monoene Precursors To N5 Anacardic Acids In The Trichomes Of Pelargonium X Hortorum., Richa A. Singhal
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Unusual monoenoic fatty acids (UMFA’s) and specialized metabolites called anacardic acids (AnAc) are produced in glandular trichomes of Pelargonium ´ hortorum (geranium). The UMFA’s, 16:1∆11 and 18:1∆13 are precursors for the synthesis of unsaturated AnAc 22:1n5and 24:1n5 that contribute to pest resistance in geraniums. UMFAs and their derived AnAc metabolites not only provide a useful biological marker that differentiates the biosynthetic pathway for unusual mononenes from the common fatty acids (i.e. stearic, palmitic, oleic, linoleic and linolenic) but also have industrial, medical and agricultural applications. Fatty acid biosynthesis enzymes like acyl carrier ...
Functional Significance Of Branch Points In Mirtrons, 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi
Functional Significance Of Branch Points In Mirtrons, Britton A. Strickland
MicroRNAs are a heterogeneous group of small regulatory RNAs generated by many pathways. Mirtrons (miR) are a class of microRNAs produced by splicing, and some mirtrons contain a 3’ tail located downstream from the self-complementary hairpin. During RNA splicing, a loop-like “lariat” intermediate structure is created when the 5’ end of the RNA is attached to an adenine called the branch point. The goal of this project is to uncover the contribution of branch point location to the processing of tailed mirtrons into functional gene regulators. This project approaches this issue from two directions. First, branch points were identified by ...
American Chestnut Sem Portfolio, 2016 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry
American Chestnut Sem Portfolio, Dakota Matthews
N.C. Brown Center for Ultrastructure Studies
Scanning electron microscopy micrographs of transgenic american chestnut pollen and anthers. Chinkapin anthers and pollen imaged also.
Role Of Multicellular Aggregates In Biofilm Formation, 2016 University of Copenhagen
Role Of Multicellular Aggregates In Biofilm Formation, Kasper N. Kragh, Jaime B. Hutchison, Gavin Melaugh, Chris Rodesney, Aled E. L. Roberts, Yasuhiko Irie, Peter Ø. Jensen, Stephen P. Diggle, Rosalind J. Allen, Vernita Gordon, Thomas Bjarnsholt
In traditional models of in vitro biofilm development, individual bacterial cells seed a surface, multiply, and mature into multicellular, three-dimensional structures. Much research has been devoted to elucidating the mechanisms governing the initial attachment of single cells to surfaces. However, in natural environments and during infection, bacterial cells tend to clump as multicellular aggregates, and biofilms can also slough off aggregates as a part of the dispersal process. This makes it likely that biofilms are often seeded by aggregates and single cells, yet how these aggregates impact biofilm initiation and development is not known. Here we use a combination of ...
Chip-Seq And Rna-Seq Reveal An Amrz-Mediated Mechanism For Cyclic Di-Gmp Synthesis And Biofilm Development By Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Christopher J. Jones, David Newsom, Benjamin Kelly, Yasuhiko Irie, Laura K. Jennings, Binjie Xu, Dominique H. Limoli, Joe J. Harrison, Matthew R. Parsek, Peter White, Daniel J. Wozniak
The transcription factor AmrZ regulates genes important for P. aeruginosa virulence, including type IV pili, extracellular polysaccharides, and the flagellum; however, the global effect of AmrZ on gene expression remains unknown, and therefore, AmrZ may directly regulate many additional genes that are crucial for infection. Compared to the wild type strain, a ΔamrZ mutant exhibits a rugose colony phenotype, which is commonly observed in variants that accumulate the intracellular second messenger cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP). Cyclic di-GMP is produced by diguanylate cyclases (DGC) and degraded by phosphodiesterases (PDE). We hypothesized that AmrZ limits the intracellular accumulation of c-di-GMP through transcriptional repression ...
The Cababc Operon Essential For Biofilm And Rugose Colony Development In Vibrio Vulnificus, 2016 Seoul National University
The Cababc Operon Essential For Biofilm And Rugose Colony Development In Vibrio Vulnificus, Jin Hwan Park, Youmi Jo, Song Yee Jang, Haenaem Kwon, Yasuhiko Irie, Matthew R. Parsek, Myung Hee Kim, Sang Ho Choi
A transcriptome analysis identified Vibrio vulnificus cabABC genes which were preferentially expressed in biofilms. The cabABC genes were transcribed as a single operon. The cabA gene was induced by elevated 3′,5′-cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP) and encoded a calcium-binding protein CabA. Comparison of the biofilms produced by the cabA mutant and its parent strain JN111 in microtiter plates using crystal-violet staining demonstrated that CabA contributed to biofilm formation in a calcium-dependent manner under elevated c-di-GMP conditions. Genetic and biochemical analyses revealed that CabA was secreted to the cell exterior through functional CabB and CabC, distributed throughout the biofilm matrix ...
Exploring Molecular Mechanisms Of Paradoxical Activation In The Braf Kinase Dimers: Atomistic Simulations Of Conformational Dynamics And Modeling Of Allosteric Communication Networks And Signaling Pathways, 2016 Chapman University
Exploring Molecular Mechanisms Of Paradoxical Activation In The Braf Kinase Dimers: Atomistic Simulations Of Conformational Dynamics And Modeling Of Allosteric Communication Networks And Signaling Pathways, Amanda Tse, Gennady M. Verkhivker
Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research
The recent studies have revealed that most BRAF inhibitors can paradoxically induce kinase activation by promoting dimerization and enzyme transactivation. Despite rapidly growing number of structural and functional studies about the BRAF dimer complexes, the molecular basis of paradoxical activation phenomenon is poorly understood and remains largely hypothetical. In this work, we have explored the relationships between inhibitor binding, protein dynamics and allosteric signaling in the BRAF dimers using a network-centric approach. Using this theoretical framework, we have combined molecular dynamics simulations with coevolutionary analysis and modeling of the residue interaction networks to determine molecular determinants of paradoxical activation. We ...
Expression Of The Primary Carbohydrate Component Of The Bordetella Bronchiseptica Biofilm Matrix Is Dependent On Growth Phase But Independent Of Bvg Regulation, Yasuhiko Irie, Andrew Preston, Ming H. Yuk
We previously showed that the Bvg virulence control system regulates biofilm formation in Bordetella bronchiseptica (Y. Irie, S. Mattoo, and M. H. Yuk, J. Bacteriol. 186:5692-5698, 2004). Analyses of the extracellular components of B. bronchiseptica biofilm matrix revealed that the major sugar component in the matrix was xylose, and linkage analysis indicated a majority of it to be in a 4-linked polymeric form. The production of xylose was independent of Bvg regulation but instead was dependent on bacterial growth phase. In addition, N-acetyl-glucosamine in the matrix was found to be important for the initial development of the biofilm ...
Fluorescence-Based Reporter For Gauging Cyclic Di-Gmp Levels In Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, 2016 University of Copenhagen
Fluorescence-Based Reporter For Gauging Cyclic Di-Gmp Levels In Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Morten T. Rybtke, Bradley R. Borlee, Keiji Murakami, Yasuhiko Irie, Morten Hentzer, Thomas E. Nielsen, Michael Givskov, Matthew R. Parsek, Tim Tolker-Nielsen
The increased tolerance toward the host immune system and antibiotics displayed by biofilm-forming Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other bacteria in chronic infections such as cystic fibrosis bronchopneumonia is of major concern. Targeting of biofilm formation is believed to be a key aspect in the development of novel antipathogenic drugs that can augment the effect of classic antibiotics by decreasing antimicrobial tolerance. The second messenger cyclic di-GMP is a positive regulator of biofilm formation, and cyclic di-GMP signaling is now regarded as a potential target for the development of antipathogenic compounds. Here we describe the development of fluorescent monitors that can gauge ...
Sequence Annotation & Designing Gene-Specific Qpcr Primers (Computational), 2016 firstname.lastname@example.org
Sequence Annotation & Designing Gene-Specific Qpcr Primers (Computational), Raymond A. Enke
Ray Enke Ph.D.
- Obtaining and annotating genomic DNA and mRNA sequence information
- Designing primers for quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis of a cDNA library
Qpcr Primer Standard Curve Assay (Wet Lab) + Kegg Pathway Analysis (Computational), 2016 email@example.com
Qpcr Primer Standard Curve Assay (Wet Lab) + Kegg Pathway Analysis (Computational), Raymond A. Enke
Ray Enke Ph.D.
- analyzing qPCR standard curve data to determine primer efficiency
- analyzing differential gene expression experimental qPCR data
- applying KEGG pathway analysis of selected candidates genes
A Gene-Centered C. Elegans Protein-Dna Interaction Network Provides A Framework For Functional Predictions, 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School
A Gene-Centered C. Elegans Protein-Dna Interaction Network Provides A Framework For Functional Predictions, Juan Fuxman Bass, Carles Pons, Lucie Kozlowski, John S. Reece-Hoyes, Shaleen Shrestha, Amy D. Holdorf, Akihiro Mori, Chad L. Myers, Albertha J. M. Walhout
Open Access Articles
Transcription factors (TFs) play a central role in controlling spatiotemporal gene expression and the response to environmental cues. A comprehensive understanding of gene regulation requires integrating physical protein-DNA interactions (PDIs) with TF regulatory activity, expression patterns, and phenotypic data. Although great progress has been made in mapping PDIs using chromatin immunoprecipitation, these studies have only characterized ~10% of TFs in any metazoan species. The nematode C. elegans has been widely used to study gene regulation due to its compact genome with short regulatory sequences. Here, we delineated the largest gene-centered metazoan PDI network to date by examining interactions between 90 ...
Exploring The Space Of Rna Secondary Structures, 2016 Georgia Institute of Technology
Exploring The Space Of Rna Secondary Structures, Heather C. Smith
Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research
No abstract provided.
The Regulation Of The Phosphatidate Phosphatase Gene Pah1 And Its Regulatory Role On Cell Homeostasis, 2016 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
The Regulation Of The Phosphatidate Phosphatase Gene Pah1 And Its Regulatory Role On Cell Homeostasis, Goldie Libby Sherr
All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene, PAH1, encodes a phosphatidate (PA) phosphatase that plays a fundamental role in lipid metabolism. PA phosphatases are key enzymes that catalyze the PA dephosphorylation reaction to form diacylglycerides, the first step in the synthesis of triacylglycerols. Pah1p, one of the main PA phosphatases in yeast, has not only emerged as a key player in lipid biosynthetic pathways, but also acts as an important regulator of nuclear membrane biogenesis, the transcriptional regulation of many inositol-sensitive upstream activating sequence (UASINO)containing genes needed for phospholipid synthesis, vacuole homeostasis, and lipid droplet formation. Due to its crucial role ...
Telomere Length Variation In Preschool Children: Associations With Chronic Family Stress, Maternal Depression, And Cortisol Reactivity, 2016 The University of Western Ontario
Telomere Length Variation In Preschool Children: Associations With Chronic Family Stress, Maternal Depression, And Cortisol Reactivity, Aditi Thakur
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Telomeres are repetitive nucleotide repeats of TTAGGG sequences located at the two ends of each chromosome. Telomeres protect DNA from degradation and maintain genomic stability. Shorter telomeres are implicated in different diseases and disorders including psychiatric disorders. I measured buccal cell telomere length (TL) in 384 pre-school children (3-4 years), from Southwestern Ontario using monochrome multiplex qPCR method. I assessed the associations between TL and family, child-specific variables. I did not find a significant correlation between TL and maternal depression, chronic family stress, or age and sex of the children. However, I found a significant positive correlation between TL and ...
Optimization Of A Genomic Editing System Using Crispr/Cas9-Induced Site-Specific Gene Integration, 2016 California State University, Chico
Optimization Of A Genomic Editing System Using Crispr/Cas9-Induced Site-Specific Gene Integration, Jillian L. Mccool Ms., Nick Hum, Gabriela G. Loots
STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations
The CRISPR-Cas system is an adaptive immune system found in bacteria which helps protect against the invasion of other microorganisms. This system induces double stranded breaks at precise genomic loci (1) in which repairs are initiated and insertions of a target are completed in the process. This mechanism can be used in eukaryotic cells in combination with sgRNAs (1) as a tool for genome editing. By using this CRISPR-Cas system, in addition to the “safe harbor locus,” ROSAβ26, the incorporation of a target gene into a site that is not susceptible to gene silencing effects can be achieved through few ...
Relationship Between Morphogenesis And Secretion In The Filamentous Fungus Aspergillus Nidulans, 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Relationship Between Morphogenesis And Secretion In The Filamentous Fungus Aspergillus Nidulans, Lakshmi Preethi Yerra
Dissertations and Theses in Biological Sciences
Filamentous fungi have a long history in biotechnology for the production of food ingredients, pharmaceuticals and enzymes. The advancements made in recent years have earned filamentous fungi such as Aspergillus species a dominant place among microbial cell factories. Although the model fungus A. nidulans has been extensively studied, the genetic and regulatory networks that underlie morphogenesis and development have yet to be fully characterized. The Rho GTPases (Cdc42 and RacA) are one of the most important regulators of the morphogenetic processes among diverse eukaryotic organisms. Although the functions of these GTPases are relatively well-characterized, little is known about their downstream ...