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A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Konstantin Laufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Konstantin Laufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Catherine Putonti

Konstantin Läufer

As sequencing technologies continue to drop in price and increase in throughput, new challenges emerge for the management and accessibility of genomic sequence data. We have developed a pipeline for facilitating the storage, retrieval, and subsequent analysis of molecular data, integrating both sequence and metadata. Taking a polyglot approach involving multiple languages, libraries, and persistence mechanisms, sequence data can be aggregated from publicly available and local repositories. Data are exposed in the form of a RESTful web service, formatted for easy querying, and retrieved for downstream analyses. As a proof of concept, we have developed a resource for annotated HIV-1 ...


A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Catherine Putonti, George K. Thiruvathukal, Konstantin Läufer 2017 Loyola University Chicago

A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Catherine Putonti, George K. Thiruvathukal, Konstantin Läufer

Konstantin Läufer

RNA-interference has potential therapeutic use against HIV-1 by targeting highly-functional mRNA sequences that contribute to the virulence of the virus. Empirical work has shown that within cell lines, all of the HIV-1 genes are affected by RNAi-induced gene silencing. While promising, inherent in this treatment is the fact that RNAi sequences must be highly specific. HIV, however, mutates rapidly, leading to the evolution of viral escape mutants. In fact, such strains are under strong selection to include mutations within the targeted region, evading the RNAi therapy and thus increasing the virus’ fitness in the host. Taking a phylogenetic approach, we ...


Bioinformatic Analysis Of The Evolution And Function Of Parasitoid Wasp Venom, Nathan T. Mortimer 2017 Illinois State University

Bioinformatic Analysis Of The Evolution And Function Of Parasitoid Wasp Venom, Nathan T. Mortimer

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


G-Onramp: Create Genome Browsers That Enable Undergraduate Students To Participate In Collaborative Genome Annotations, Wilson Leung, Yating Liu, Luke Sargent, Jeremy Goecks, Sarah C.R. Elgin 2017 Washington University in St. Louis

G-Onramp: Create Genome Browsers That Enable Undergraduate Students To Participate In Collaborative Genome Annotations, Wilson Leung, Yating Liu, Luke Sargent, Jeremy Goecks, Sarah C.R. Elgin

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Chromosome Conformation In Context, James Taylor 2017 Illinois State University

Chromosome Conformation In Context, James Taylor

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Cage: A Tool For Identifying Genes With Correlated Spatiotemporal Expression, Basheer Becerra 2017 Illinois State University

Cage: A Tool For Identifying Genes With Correlated Spatiotemporal Expression, Basheer Becerra

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Functional Characteristics And Genomic Sequencing Of Antarctic Environmental Isolates, Amanda Kemper, Christina Aigner, Michelle Tigges, Sara Anderson 2017 Minnesota State University Moorhead

Functional Characteristics And Genomic Sequencing Of Antarctic Environmental Isolates, Amanda Kemper, Christina Aigner, Michelle Tigges, Sara Anderson

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Phagephisher: A Pipeline For The Discovery Of Covert Viral Sequences In Complex Genomic Datasets, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Siobhan C. Watkins, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Phagephisher: A Pipeline For The Discovery Of Covert Viral Sequences In Complex Genomic Datasets, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Siobhan C. Watkins, Catherine Putonti

Catherine Putonti

Obtaining meaningful viral information from large sequencing datasets presents unique challenges distinct from prokaryotic and eukaryotic sequencing efforts. The difficulties surrounding this issue can be ascribed in part to the genomic plasticity of viruses themselves as well as the scarcity of existing information in genomic databases. The open-source software PhagePhisher (http://www.putonti-lab.com/phagephisher) has been designed as a simple pipeline to extract relevant information from complex and mixed datasets, and will improve the examination of bacteriophages, viruses, and virally related sequences, in a range of environments. Key aspects of the software include speed and ease of use; PhagePhisher ...


Hash-Map-Eradicator: Filtering Non-Target Sequences From Next Generation Sequencing Reads, Jonathon Brenner, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Hash-Map-Eradicator: Filtering Non-Target Sequences From Next Generation Sequencing Reads, Jonathon Brenner, Catherine Putonti

Catherine Putonti

Contemporary DNA sequencing technologies are continuously increasing throughput at ever decreasing costs. Moreover, due to recent advances in sequencing technology new platforms are emerging. As such computational challenges persist. The average read length possible has taken a giant leap forward with the PacBio and Nanopore solutions. Regardless of the platform used, impurities within the DNA preparation of the sample - be it from unintentional contaminants or pervasive symbiots - remains an issue. We have developed a new tool, HAsh-MaP-ERadicator (HAMPER), for the detection and removal of non-target, contaminating DNA sequences. Integrating hash-based and mapping-based strategies, HAMPER is both memory and time efficient ...


Draft Genome For A Urinary Isolate Of Lactobacillus Crispatus, Travis Kyle Price, Majed Shaheen, Laurynas Kalesinskas, Kema Malki, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Catherine Putonti, Alan J. Wolfe 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Draft Genome For A Urinary Isolate Of Lactobacillus Crispatus, Travis Kyle Price, Majed Shaheen, Laurynas Kalesinskas, Kema Malki, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Catherine Putonti, Alan J. Wolfe

Catherine Putonti

While Lactobacillus crispatus contributes to the stability of normal vaginal microbiota, its role in urinary health remains unclear. As part of an on-going attempt to characterize the female urinary microbiota, we report the genome sequence of an L. crispatus strain isolated from a woman displaying no lower urinary tract symptoms.


Genome Sequences And Annotation Of Two Urinary Isolates Of E. Coli, Travis Kyle Price, Arya Mehtash, Laurynas Kalesinskas, Kema Malki, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Catherine Putonti, Alan J. Wolfe 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Genome Sequences And Annotation Of Two Urinary Isolates Of E. Coli, Travis Kyle Price, Arya Mehtash, Laurynas Kalesinskas, Kema Malki, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Catherine Putonti, Alan J. Wolfe

Catherine Putonti

The genus Escherichia includes pathogens and commensals. Bladder infections (cystitis) result most often from colonization of the bladder by uropathogenic E. coli strains. In contrast, a poorly defined condition called asymptomatic bacteriuria results from colonization of the bladder with E. coli strains without symptoms. As part of an on-going attempt to identify and characterize the newly discovered female urinary microbiota, we report the genome sequences and annotation of two urinary isolates of E. coli: one (E78) was isolated from a female patient who self-reported cystitis; the other (E75) was isolated from a female patient who reported that she did not ...


Finding Function In The Unknown, Kelly Boyd, Emma Highland, Amanda Misch, Amber Hu, Sushma Reddy, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Finding Function In The Unknown, Kelly Boyd, Emma Highland, Amanda Misch, Amber Hu, Sushma Reddy, Catherine Putonti

Catherine Putonti

Through high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNAseq), transcriptomes for a single cell, tissue, or organism(s) can be ascertained at a high resolution. While a number of bioinformatic tools have been developed for transcriptome analyses, significant challenges exist for studies of non-model organisms. Without a reference sequence available, raw reads must first be assembled de novo followed by the tedious task of BLAST searches and data mining for functional information. We have created a pipeline, PyRanger, to automate this process. The pipeline includes functionality to assess a single transcriptome and also facilitate comparative transcriptomic studies.


Draft Genome Sequence For A Urinary Isolate Of Nosocomiicoccus Ampullae, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Travis Kyle Price, Katherine Diebel, Catherine Putonti, Alan J. Wolfe 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Draft Genome Sequence For A Urinary Isolate Of Nosocomiicoccus Ampullae, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Travis Kyle Price, Katherine Diebel, Catherine Putonti, Alan J. Wolfe

Catherine Putonti

A draft genome sequence for a urinary isolate of Nosocomiicoccus ampullae (UMB0853) was investigated. The size of the genome was 1,578,043 bp, with an observed G+C content of 36.1%. Annotation revealed 10 rRNA sequences, 40 tRNA genes, and 1,532 protein-coding sequences. Genome coverage was 727× and consisted of 32 contigs, with an N50 of 109,831 bp.


Genomes Of Gardnerella Strains Reveal An Abundance Of Prophages Within The Bladder Microbiome, Kema Malki, Jason W. Shapiro, Travis Kyle Price, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Krystal Thomas-White, Trina Sircar, Amy B. Rosenfeld, Michael J. Zilliox, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Genomes Of Gardnerella Strains Reveal An Abundance Of Prophages Within The Bladder Microbiome, Kema Malki, Jason W. Shapiro, Travis Kyle Price, Evann Elizabeth Hilt, Krystal Thomas-White, Trina Sircar, Amy B. Rosenfeld, Michael J. Zilliox, Alan J. Wolfe, Catherine Putonti

Catherine Putonti

Bacterial surveys of the vaginal and bladder human microbiota have revealed an abundance of many similar bacterial taxa. As the bladder was once thought to be sterile, the complex interactions between microbes within the bladder have yet to be characterized. To initiate this process, we have begun sequencing isolates, including the clinically relevant genus Gardnerella. Herein, we present the genomic sequences of four Gardnerella strains isolated from the bladders of women with symptoms of urgency urinary incontinence; these are the first Gardnerella genomes produced from this niche. Congruent to genomic characterization of Gardnerella isolates from the reproductive tract, isolates from ...


A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Konstantin Laufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: A Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Konstantin Laufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Catherine Putonti

Catherine Putonti

As sequencing technologies continue to drop in price and increase in throughput, new challenges emerge for the management and accessibility of genomic sequence data. We have developed a pipeline for facilitating the storage, retrieval, and subsequent analysis of molecular data, integrating both sequence and metadata. Taking a polyglot approach involving multiple languages, libraries, and persistence mechanisms, sequence data can be aggregated from publicly available and local repositories. Data are exposed in the form of a RESTful web service, formatted for easy querying, and retrieved for downstream analyses. As a proof of concept, we have developed a resource for annotated HIV-1 ...


Bacteriophages Isolated From Lake Michigan Demonstrate Broad Host-Range Across Several Bacterial Phyla, Kema Malki, Alex Kula, Katherine Bruder, Emily Sible, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Stephanie Steidel, Siobhan C. Watkins, Catherine Putonti 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Bacteriophages Isolated From Lake Michigan Demonstrate Broad Host-Range Across Several Bacterial Phyla, Kema Malki, Alex Kula, Katherine Bruder, Emily Sible, Thomas Hatzopoulos, Stephanie Steidel, Siobhan C. Watkins, Catherine Putonti

Catherine Putonti

BACKGROUND: The study of bacteriophages continues to generate key information about microbial interactions in the environment. Many phenotypic characteristics of bacteriophages cannot be examined by sequencing alone, further highlighting the necessity for isolation and examination of phages from environmental samples. While much of our current knowledge base has been generated by the study of marine phages, freshwater viruses are understudied in comparison. Our group has previously conducted metagenomics-based studies samples collected from Lake Michigan - the data presented in this study relate to four phages that were extracted from the same samples. FINDINGS: Four phages were extracted from Lake Michigan on ...


A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Catherine Putonti, George K. Thiruvathukal, Konstantin Läufer 2017 Loyola University Chicago

A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Catherine Putonti, George K. Thiruvathukal, Konstantin Läufer

Catherine Putonti

RNA-interference has potential therapeutic use against HIV-1 by targeting highly-functional mRNA sequences that contribute to the virulence of the virus. Empirical work has shown that within cell lines, all of the HIV-1 genes are affected by RNAi-induced gene silencing. While promising, inherent in this treatment is the fact that RNAi sequences must be highly specific. HIV, however, mutates rapidly, leading to the evolution of viral escape mutants. In fact, such strains are under strong selection to include mutations within the targeted region, evading the RNAi therapy and thus increasing the virus’ fitness in the host. Taking a phylogenetic approach, we ...


Infectious Disease And The Diversification Of The Human Genome, Jessica F. Brinkworth 2017 University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

Infectious Disease And The Diversification Of The Human Genome, Jessica F. Brinkworth

Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints

The human immune system is under great pathogen-mediated selective pressure. A combination of divergent infectious disease pathogenesis across human populations, and the overrepresentation of “immune genes” in genomic regions with signatures of positive selection suggests that pathogens have significantly altered the human genome. However, important features of the human immune system can confound searches for and interpretations of signatures of pathogen-mediated evolution. Immune system redundancy, immune gene pleiotropy, host ability to acquire immunity and alter the immune repertoire of their offspring through “priming”, and host microbiome complicate evolutionary interpretations of host- pathogen interactions. The overall promiscuity and sensitivity of the ...


Comparative Phylogeographic, Population Genomic, And Selection Inference With Development Of Hierarchical Co-Demographic Models, Alexander Xue 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Comparative Phylogeographic, Population Genomic, And Selection Inference With Development Of Hierarchical Co-Demographic Models, Alexander Xue

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Comparing demographic histories across assemblages of populations, species, and sister pairs has been a focus in phylogeography since its inception. Initial approaches utilized organelle genetic data and involved qualitative comparisons of genetic patterns for evaluating hypotheses of shared evolutionary responses to past environmental changes. This endeavor has progressed with coalescent model-based statistical techniques and advances in next-generation sequencing, yet there remains a need for methods that can analyze aggregated genomic-scale data from non-model organisms within a unified framework that considers individual taxon uncertainty and variance. To this end, the aggregate site frequency spectrum (aSFS), an expansion of the site frequency ...


Amelioration Of Prenatal Alcohol Effects By Environmental Enrichment In A Mouse Model Of Fasd, Aniruddho Chokroborty-Hoque 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Amelioration Of Prenatal Alcohol Effects By Environmental Enrichment In A Mouse Model Of Fasd, Aniruddho Chokroborty-Hoque

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy results in a spectrum of behavioural and cognitive deficits collectively known as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). Currently, little is know about if and how the external environment may modulate these deficits. I have used C57BL/6 mice to study this interaction between prenatal alcohol exposure and the postnatal environment. Alcohol exposure during synaptogenesis produces high levels of anxiety-like traits and decreased memory performance. Alcohol-exposed mice (and matched unexposed controls) were put in 'environmentally-enriched' conditions of voluntary exercise, physical activities and cognitive stimulation to ascertain the effects of a positive postnatal environment. The results show ...


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