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Comparative Genomics, Transcriptomics, And Physiology Distinguish Symbiotic From Free-Living Chlorella Strains, Cristian F. Quispe, Olivia Sonderman, Maya Khasin, Wayne R. Riekhof, James Van Etten, Kenneth Nickerson 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Comparative Genomics, Transcriptomics, And Physiology Distinguish Symbiotic From Free-Living Chlorella Strains, Cristian F. Quispe, Olivia Sonderman, Maya Khasin, Wayne R. Riekhof, James Van Etten, Kenneth Nickerson

Kenneth Nickerson Papers

Most animal–microbe symbiotic interactions must be advantageous to the host and provide nutritional benefits to the endosymbiont. When the host provides nutrients, it can gain the capacity to control the interaction, promote self-growth, and increase its fitness. Chlorella-like green algae engage in symbiotic relationships with certain protozoans, a partnership that significantly impacts the physiology of both organisms. Consequently, it is often challenging to grow axenic Chlorella cultures after isolation from the host because they are nutrient fastidious and often susceptible to virus infection. We hypothesize that the establishment of a symbiotic relationship resulted in natural selection for nutritional and ...


Genetic Analysis Reveals A Hierarchy Of Interactions Between Polycystin-Encoding Genes And Genes Controlling Cilia Function During Left-Right Determination, Daniel T. Grimes, Jennifer L. Keynton, Maria T. Buenavista, Xingjian Jin, Saloni H. Patel, Shinohara Kyosuke, Jennifer Vibert, Debbie J. Williams, Hiroshi Hamada, Rohana Hussain, Surya M. Nauli, Dominic P. Norris 2016 MRC Harwell

Genetic Analysis Reveals A Hierarchy Of Interactions Between Polycystin-Encoding Genes And Genes Controlling Cilia Function During Left-Right Determination, Daniel T. Grimes, Jennifer L. Keynton, Maria T. Buenavista, Xingjian Jin, Saloni H. Patel, Shinohara Kyosuke, Jennifer Vibert, Debbie J. Williams, Hiroshi Hamada, Rohana Hussain, Surya M. Nauli, Dominic P. Norris

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

During mammalian development, left-right (L-R) asymmetry is established by a cilia-driven leftward fluid flow within a midline embryonic cavity called the node. This ‘nodal flow’ is detected by peripherally-located crown cells that each assemble a primary cilium which contain the putative Ca2+ channel PKD2. The interaction of flow and crown cell cilia promotes left side-specific expression of Nodal in the lateral plate mesoderm (LPM). Whilst the PKD2-interacting protein PKD1L1 has also been implicated in L-R patterning, the underlying mechanism by which flow is detected and the genetic relationship between Polycystin function and asymmetric gene expression remains unknown. Here, we ...


Identification Of Qtls For Resistance Against Rhizoctonia Solani And Phoma Glycinicola In Soybeans (Glycine Max L. Merr), Herbert Sserunkuma 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Identification Of Qtls For Resistance Against Rhizoctonia Solani And Phoma Glycinicola In Soybeans (Glycine Max L. Merr), Herbert Sserunkuma

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

A QTL (Quantitative trait locus) is a chromosome location of a gene controlling a specific phenotypic trait. The trait maybe governed by multiple genes. Fungal pathogens are responsible for over 50% of all soybean diseases. Rhizoctonia solani Kühn causes seedling dumping off, root and hypocotyl rots and other disease in soybeans. Phoma glycinicola de Gruyter & Boerema causes Red leaf blotch disease, predominantly in Sub-Saharan Africa. There is no reported complete resistance against these fungal pathogens in soybeans. Reaction to R.solani is reportedly a quantitative trait controlled by major and minor genes. Three QTLs contributing to reaction to R. solani ...


Characterization Of Induced Rnai Silencing Of Vaccinia Virus Essential Genes, Kewa Jiang 2016 University of Connecticut

Characterization Of Induced Rnai Silencing Of Vaccinia Virus Essential Genes, Kewa Jiang

University Scholar Projects

Vaccinia virus (VACV) is a large double-stranded DNA virus and the prototypical member of the family Poxviridae and is most notable for its use as the vaccine that eradicated smallpox (variola virus). More recently, VACV has been used to develop recombinant vaccines and immunotherapies. However, many of these processes require VACV replication to be tightly controlled. RNA interference (RNAi) is a powerful tool for in vitro silencing of mRNAs that are complimentary to 19-21 base pairs (bp) of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). This project outlines the design and preliminary analysis of two inducible RNAi silencing constructs targeting multiple VACV essential genes ...


Social And Scientific Implications Of Genetic Testing In The Digital Age, Yaruska A. Ordinola 2016 University of Rhode Island

Social And Scientific Implications Of Genetic Testing In The Digital Age, Yaruska A. Ordinola

Senior Honors Projects

From Mendel’s law of inheritance in the 19th century through Watson and Crick’s revolutionary observations of the double helix in the 20th century, genetics has been a fascinating and continuing topic of discussion in the field of science (Collins & McKusick, 2001). Major studies like the Human Genome Project (HGP), initiated in 1990 and completed in 2003, provided a starting point from which scientists could more thoroughly investigate the human condition on a genetic level. Arising from this study, personal genomics is considered a blooming field in genetics- in which rapidly developing technological advances are able to provide easier ...


Genetic Factors Affecting Hybrid Male Sterility Leading To Speciation, Patrick Opperman, Colin D. Meiklejohn 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Genetic Factors Affecting Hybrid Male Sterility Leading To Speciation, Patrick Opperman, Colin D. Meiklejohn

UCARE Research Products

The process whereby speciation occurs can come about through the evolution of barriers to gene flow. One of these barriers to gene flow can be an incompatibility, which leaves hybrids dead or sterile. Two theories underlie the work of this experiment, Haldane’s Rule and the large X effect. Haldane’s Rule is the observation that unisexual inviability or sterility among species’ hybrids is almost always found in the heterogametic sex. The large X effect is the observation that substitution of one species’ X-chromosome for another’s has a disproportionately large effect on hybrid fitness compared to similar substitution of ...


Turn Me On Or Off: A Study On Epigenetics And Merleau-Ponty In Angela Carter’S “The Lady Of The House Of Love”, Solsiree Lynn Skarlinsky 2016 Florida International University

Turn Me On Or Off: A Study On Epigenetics And Merleau-Ponty In Angela Carter’S “The Lady Of The House Of Love”, Solsiree Lynn Skarlinsky

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to trace points of intersection between the too often divorced disciplines of literature, continental philosophy, and the hard sciences in Angela Carter’s “The Lady of the House of Love.” In short, this thesis will not only explore how such conversations surface within the short story, but will also serve as an explication of Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s philosophy of body and space, and the theory of epigenetics. Through these explications, the thesis itself will also gear one discipline towards the other as both theories intimately bind the environment with the body, and the body with the environment ...


The Association Between Adolescent Marijuana Use And Early Adulthood Depression, Madeline L. Fritz 2016 University of Colorado Boulder

The Association Between Adolescent Marijuana Use And Early Adulthood Depression, Madeline L. Fritz

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Marijuana is one of the most widely used drugs in the United States, and the consequences of its use are mostly unknown. As marijuana becomes legalized and more widely available, it is important to investigate possible cognitive and mental health consequences of its use. The present study examined the associations between childhood internalizing behavior, adolescent marijuana use and early adulthood depression. A twin study was conducted to examine two alternative hypotheses regarding the association between adolescent marijuana use and early adulthood depression: 1. the association between marijuana use and depression is due to common genes or shared environmental influences, 2 ...


Evidence For The Fixation Of Gene Duplications By Positive Selection In Drosophila, Margarida Cardoso-Moreira, J. Roman Arguello, Srikanth Gottipati, Lawrence G. Harshman, Jennifer K. Grenier, Andrew G. Clark 2016 Cornell University

Evidence For The Fixation Of Gene Duplications By Positive Selection In Drosophila, Margarida Cardoso-Moreira, J. Roman Arguello, Srikanth Gottipati, Lawrence G. Harshman, Jennifer K. Grenier, Andrew G. Clark

Lawrence G. Harshman Publications

Gene duplications play a key role in the emergence of novel traits and in adaptation. But despite their centrality to evolutionary processes, it is still largely unknown how new gene duplicates are initially fixed within populations and later maintained in genomes. Long-standing debates on the evolution of gene duplications could be settled by determining the relative importance of genetic drift vs. positive selection in the fixation of new gene duplicates. Using the Drosophila Global Diversity Lines (GDL), we have combined genome-wide SNP polymorphism data with a novel set of copy number variant calls and gene expression profiles to characterize the ...


Next-Generation Sequencing Of A Multi-Drug Resistance Plasmid Captured From Stream Sediment, kevin G. libuit 2016 James Madison University

Next-Generation Sequencing Of A Multi-Drug Resistance Plasmid Captured From Stream Sediment, Kevin G. Libuit

Masters Theses

Plasmids in agriculturally-impacted bodies of water may play a significant role in the dissemination of antibiotic resistance. Previously, Erika Gehr, as part of her M.S. thesis work in our laboratory, captured environmental plasmids without cultivation of host bacteria from stream sediment into Escherichia coli. Individual plasmids were capable of conferring resistance to a surprising array of antibiotics including aminoglycosides and extended-spectrum β-lactams. In this study, we developed a method to sequence multi-drug resistance plasmids using both Oxford Nanopore MinION and Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine sequencers. Plasmid pEG1-1 was sequenced on both platforms and a hybrid assembly utilizing data ...


Genomic And Transcriptomic Analyses Of Microbotryum Lychnidis-Dioicae Provide Insights Into The Biology Of A Fascinating Fungal Phytopathogen., Su San Toh 2015 University of Louisville

Genomic And Transcriptomic Analyses Of Microbotryum Lychnidis-Dioicae Provide Insights Into The Biology Of A Fascinating Fungal Phytopathogen., Su San Toh

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study made use of the Silene latifolia/Microbotryum lychnidis-dioicae phytopathogen system as the focal system to establish the first reference genome for Microbotryum violaceum sensu lato. In silico analysis was performed on the genome assembly to identify various characteristics of the genome. Using RNA-Sequencing technologies on the Illumina platform, we collected transcriptomic data for both in vitro and in planta life stages of the fungus, providing the most comprehensive look at the gene expression and regulation of this fungus. Due to a lack of identifiable domains on the predicted genes, gene set enrichment analysis was done in context, by ...


Evidence Of Field-Evolved Resistance To Bifenthrin In Western Corn Rootworm (Diabrotica Virgifera Virgifera Leconte) Populations In Western Nebraska And Kansas, Adriano E. Pereira, Haichuan Wang, Sarah N. Zukoff, Lance Meinke, B. Wade French, Blair Siegfried 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Evidence Of Field-Evolved Resistance To Bifenthrin In Western Corn Rootworm (Diabrotica Virgifera Virgifera Leconte) Populations In Western Nebraska And Kansas, Adriano E. Pereira, Haichuan Wang, Sarah N. Zukoff, Lance Meinke, B. Wade French, Blair Siegfried

Faculty Publications: Department of Entomology

Pyrethroid insecticides have been used to control larvae or adults of the western corn rootworm (WCR), Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, a key pest of field corn in the United States. In response to reports of reduced efficacy of pyrethroids in WCR management programs in southwestern areas of Nebraska and Kansas the present research was designed to establish a baseline of susceptibility to the pyrethroid insecticide, bifenthrin, using susceptible laboratory populations and to compare this baseline with susceptibility of field populations. Concentration-response bioassays were performed to estimate the baseline susceptibility. From the baseline data, a diagnostic concentration (LC99) was determined and ...


Odorant Receptor-Based Discovery Of Natural Repellents Of Human Lice, Julien Pelletier, Pingxi Xu, Kyong-Sup Yoon, John M. Clark, Walter S. Leal 2015 University of California-Davis

Odorant Receptor-Based Discovery Of Natural Repellents Of Human Lice, Julien Pelletier, Pingxi Xu, Kyong-Sup Yoon, John M. Clark, Walter S. Leal

SIUE Faculty Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity

The body louse, Pediculus humanus humanus, is an obligate blood-feeding ectoparasite and an important insect vector that mediates the transmission of diseases to humans. The analysis of the body louse genome revealed a drastic reduction of the chemosensory gene repertoires when compared to other insects, suggesting specific olfactory adaptations to host specialization and permanent parasitic lifestyle. Here, we present for the first time functional evidence for the role of odorant receptors (ORs) in this insect, with the objective to gain insight into the chemical ecology of this vector. We identified seven putative full-length ORs, in addition to the odorant receptor ...


Ordinal Probit Wavelet-Based Functional Models For Eqtl Analysis, Mark Meyer, Jeffrey Morris, Craig Hersh, Jarrett Morrow, Christoph Lange, Brent Coull 2015 Bucknell University

Ordinal Probit Wavelet-Based Functional Models For Eqtl Analysis, Mark Meyer, Jeffrey Morris, Craig Hersh, Jarrett Morrow, Christoph Lange, Brent Coull

Mark J Meyer

Current methods for conducting expression Quantitative Trait Loci (eQTL) analysis are limited in scope to a pairwise association testing between a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) and expression probe set in a region around a gene of interest, thus ignoring the inherent between-SNP correlation. To determine association, p-values are then typically adjusted using Plug-in False Discovery Rate. As many SNPs are interrogated in the region and multiple probe-sets taken, the current approach requires the fitting of a large number of models. We propose to remedy this by introducing a flexible function-on-scalar regression that models the genome as a functional outcome. The ...


The Use Of Transcriptomics To Address Questions In Behaviour: Production Of A Suppression Subtractive Hybridisation Library From Dominance Hierarchies Of Rainbow Trout, Lynne Sneddon, Javier Margareto, Andrew Cossins 2015 University of Liverpool

The Use Of Transcriptomics To Address Questions In Behaviour: Production Of A Suppression Subtractive Hybridisation Library From Dominance Hierarchies Of Rainbow Trout, Lynne Sneddon, Javier Margareto, Andrew Cossins

Lynne U. Sneddon, Ph.D.

Microarrays, or gene chips, are transforming the way that gene expression is measured by allowing us to determine the expression of thousands of genes from a sample. This gives immense power to examine gene expression on a global scale within individual animals and between animals. The scope for analysing complex animal functions at the molecular level is within our grasp. Relatively few studies have examined complex behaviours and correlated them with gene expression in the central nervous system. Here, we review the use of microarray technology in the dissection of behaviour and focus specifically on dominance status. A cDNA library ...


Dorsal Eye Selector Pannier (Pnr) Suppresses The Eye Fate To Define Dorsal Margin Of The Drosophila Eye, Sarah M. Oros, Meghana Tare, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh 2015 University of Dayton

Dorsal Eye Selector Pannier (Pnr) Suppresses The Eye Fate To Define Dorsal Margin Of The Drosophila Eye, Sarah M. Oros, Meghana Tare, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh

Madhuri Kango-Singh

Axial patterning is crucial for organogenesis. During Drosophila eye development, dorso-ventral (DV) axis determination is the first lineage restriction event. The eye primordium begins with a default ventral fate, on which the dorsal eye fate is established by expression of the GATA-1 transcription factor pannier (pnr). Earlier, it was suggested that loss of pnr function induces enlargement in the dorsal eye due to ectopic equator formation. Interestingly, we found that in addition to regulating DV patterning, pnr suppresses the eye fate by downregulating the core retinal determination genes eyes absent (eya), sine oculis (so) and dacshund (dac) to define the ...


Homeotic Gene Teashirt (Tsh) Has A Neuroprotective Function In Amyloid-Beta 42 Mediated Neurodegeneration, Michael T. Moran, Meghana Tare, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh 2015 University of Dayton

Homeotic Gene Teashirt (Tsh) Has A Neuroprotective Function In Amyloid-Beta 42 Mediated Neurodegeneration, Michael T. Moran, Meghana Tare, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh

Madhuri Kango-Singh

Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a debilitating age related progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of cognition, and eventual death of the affected individual. One of the major causes of AD is the accumulation of Amyloid-beta 42 (Aβ42) polypeptides formed by the improper cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the brain. These plaques disrupt normal cellular processes through oxidative stress and aberrant signaling resulting in the loss of synaptic activity and death of the neurons. However, the detailed genetic mechanism(s) responsible for this neurodegeneration still remain elusive.

Methodology/Principal Findings: We have generated a transgenic Drosophila ...


Dorsal Eye Selector Pannier (Pnr) Suppresses The Eye Fate To Define Dorsal Margin Of The Drosophila Eye, Sarah Oros, Meghana Tare, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh 2015 University of Dayton

Dorsal Eye Selector Pannier (Pnr) Suppresses The Eye Fate To Define Dorsal Margin Of The Drosophila Eye, Sarah Oros, Meghana Tare, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh

Amit Singh

Axial patterning is crucial for organogenesis. During Drosophila eye development, dorso-ventral (DV) axis determination is the first lineage restriction event. The eye primordium begins with a default ventral fate, on which the dorsal eye fate is established by expression of the GATA-1 transcription factor pannier (pnr). Earlier, it was suggested that loss of pnr function induces enlargement in the dorsal eye due to ectopic equator formation. Interestingly, we found that in addition to regulating DV patterning, pnr suppresses the eye fate by downregulating the core retinal determination genes eyes absent (eya), sine oculis (so) and dacshund (dac) to define the ...


Homeotic Gene Teashirt (Tsh) Has A Neuroprotective Function In Amyloid-Beta 42 Mediated Neurodegeneration, Michael Moran, Meghana Tare, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh 2015 University of Dayton

Homeotic Gene Teashirt (Tsh) Has A Neuroprotective Function In Amyloid-Beta 42 Mediated Neurodegeneration, Michael Moran, Meghana Tare, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh

Amit Singh

Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a debilitating age related progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of cognition, and eventual death of the affected individual. One of the major causes of AD is the accumulation of Amyloid-beta 42 (Aβ42) polypeptides formed by the improper cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the brain. These plaques disrupt normal cellular processes through oxidative stress and aberrant signaling resulting in the loss of synaptic activity and death of the neurons. However, the detailed genetic mechanism(s) responsible for this neurodegeneration still remain elusive.

Methodology/Principal Findings: We have generated a transgenic Drosophila ...


Engaging Maori In Biobanking And Genetic Research: Legal, Ethical, And Policy Challenges, Angela Beaton, Barry Smith, Valmaine Toki, Kim Southey, Maui Hudson 2015 Te Tari Hauora me Te Tari Tikanga-ā-Hapori, Centre for Health and Social Practice, Waikato Institute of Technology

Engaging Maori In Biobanking And Genetic Research: Legal, Ethical, And Policy Challenges, Angela Beaton, Barry Smith, Valmaine Toki, Kim Southey, Maui Hudson

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Publically funded biobanking initiatives and genetic research should contribute towards reducing inequalities in health by reducing the prevalence and burden of disease. It is essential that Maori and other Indigenous populations share in health gains derived from these activities. The Health Research Council of New Zealand has funded a research project (2012-2015) to identify Maori perspectives on biobanking and genetic research, and to develop cultural guidelines for ethical biobanking and genetic research involving biospecimens. This review describes relevant values and ethics embedded in Maori indigenous knowledge, and how they may be applied to culturally safe interactions between biobanks, researchers, individual ...


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