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Phonetics and Phonology Commons

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Language As The Medium: A Literature Review. Harnessing The Prolific Power Of Dramatic Language As A Therapeutic Tool In Drama Therapy, Edward Freeman 2021 Lesley University

Language As The Medium: A Literature Review. Harnessing The Prolific Power Of Dramatic Language As A Therapeutic Tool In Drama Therapy, Edward Freeman

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Language in and of the theatre, with its palate of variegated writing styles and playwrights from throughout time, has the potential to be harnessed, focused, and systematized for use as a therapeutic tool within drama therapy – the field’s artistic medium. Drama therapy could benefit from having a specific medium germane to its artform which has the potential to provide practitioners with a common resource and means of communication, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment planning, as well as align the field with other creative arts therapies. Language encompasses all forms of human communication – speaking, writing, signing, gesturing, expressing facially – and voice ...


A Phonological Analysis Of The Word-Borrowing Process In VolapüK, Yutong Zhang 2021 Washington University in St. Louis

A Phonological Analysis Of The Word-Borrowing Process In VolapüK, Yutong Zhang

Senior Honors Papers / Undergraduate Theses

This paper analyzes the phonological process present in the word-borrowing process in Volapük nulik, the later version of Volapük – one of the world’s first constructed international auxiliary languages that achieved more than a million speakers – through an analogy with the loanword adaptation process taking place in a natural language. It examines the emergent phonological patterns within this process, despite the inherited arbitrariness of any constructed languages, and compares them with the prescriptive rules regulating the word-borrowing process featured in its grammar. The paper is divided into three parts: Part I generalizes the syllable shape in Volapük from a 1000-base ...


Spe-29 - Voice & Articulation (Advanced Assignment), Laura Spinu 2021 CUNY Kingsborough Community College

Spe-29 - Voice & Articulation (Advanced Assignment), Laura Spinu

Open Educational Resources

This two-part assignment introduces students to spectrogram reading by asking them (1) to explore a set of spectrograms representing the days of the week, and then (2) record their own spectrogram and add a picture of it to a common "Mystery Spectrograms" folder for use in a subsequent assignment (and also in classroom activities).

NOTE: by the time this assignment is introduced, the students have already learned how to record themselves and save sound files using the Praat software for acoustic analysis. If they are not familiar with the procedure, this tutorial will help:

Making a recording in PRAAT


Spe-29 - Voice & Articulation (Intro Assignment), Laura Spinu 2021 CUNY Kingsborough Community College

Spe-29 - Voice & Articulation (Intro Assignment), Laura Spinu

Open Educational Resources

This assignment is asking students to collaboratively create a database of "good" and "bad" voices for subsequent analysis.


Prosody And Intonation In Formosan Languages, Benjamin K. Macaulay 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Prosody And Intonation In Formosan Languages, Benjamin K. Macaulay

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The Formosan languages are the languages of the Aboriginal peoples of Taiwan. These languages are part of the Austronesian language family, and represent all but one primary branch of this family of 1,200+ languages. The Formosan languages are endangered, some critically so. While these languages have seen attention in the literature for their syntactic and phonological systems, little work has been done on their prosodic structure or intonation.

This dissertation analyzes the prosodic structure and intonational phonology of Mantauran Rukai, Budai Rukai, Tsou, Kanakanavu, Hla’alua, Sandimen Paiwan, Piuma Paiwan, Kavalan, Amis, Bunun, Tgdaya Seediq, Truku Seediq, and Pazeh ...


Learnability Of Indexed Constraint Analyses Of Phonological Opacity, Aleksei Nazarov 2021 Utrecht University

Learnability Of Indexed Constraint Analyses Of Phonological Opacity, Aleksei Nazarov

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

This paper explores the learnability of indexed constraint (Pater, 2000) analyses of opacity based on the case study of raising in Canadian English (Chomsky, 1964; Chambers, 1973). Such analyses, while avoiding multiple levels of derivation or representation, require the learner to induce indexed constraints, connect these constraints to particular segments in the lexicon, and rank these constraints. An implementation of Round’s (2017) learner for indexed constraints, which is an extension of Biased Constraint Demotion (Prince and Tesar, 2004), is used here to test whether a simple learner can rise to this challenge and learn a restrictive analysis of the ...


Learning Interactions Of Local And Non-Local Phonotactic Constraints From Positive Input, Aniello De Santo, Alëna Aksënova 2021 University of Utah

Learning Interactions Of Local And Non-Local Phonotactic Constraints From Positive Input, Aniello De Santo, Alëna Aksënova

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

This paper proposes a grammatical inference algorithm to learn input-sensitive tier-based strictly local languages across multiple tiers from positive data only, when the locality of the tier-constraints and the tier-projection function is set to 2 (MITSL; De Santo and Graf, 2019). We conduct simulations showing that the algorithm succeeds in learning MITSL patterns over a set of artificial languages.


Consonant Harmony, Disharmony, Memory And Time Scales, Adamantios Gafos 2021 Universität Potsdam

Consonant Harmony, Disharmony, Memory And Time Scales, Adamantios Gafos

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

I argue that properties of memory offer an appropriate grounding for a number of characteristics of long distance consonantal co-occurrence restrictions whose basis had so far remained unclear.


Information Flow, Artificial Phonology And Typology, Adamantios Gafos 2021 Universität Potsdam

Information Flow, Artificial Phonology And Typology, Adamantios Gafos

Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics

In the context Artificial Grammar Learning (AGL) experiments, it is possible to quantify how effectively a stimulus has conveyed information and specifically the information the experimenter thinks it was designed to convey. At the most basic level, this can be done if one has access to the response variability of independent responses to the same stimulus (or subparts of the stimulus). The variability of these responses serves as an index of the amount of information that flows from the source of the stimulus to the perceiver. Quantifying information flow in this way, it is shown that under conditions where participants ...


Emergent Typological Effects Of Agent-Based Learning Models In Maximum Entropy Grammar, Coral Hughto 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Emergent Typological Effects Of Agent-Based Learning Models In Maximum Entropy Grammar, Coral Hughto

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation shows how a theory of grammatical representations and a theory of learning can be combined to generate gradient typological predictions in phonology, predicting not only which patterns are expected to exist, but also their relative frequencies: patterns which are learned more easily are predicted to be more typologically frequent than those which are more difficult.

In Chapter 1 I motivate and describe the specific implementation of this methodology in this dissertation. Maximum Entropy grammar (Goldwater & Johnson 2003) is combined with two agent-based learning models, the iterated and the interactive learning model, each of which mimics a type of ...


The Sounds Of Sikles Gurung: A Phonetic And Phonological Description Of A Tibeto-Burman Language Of Nepal, Danielle Ronkos 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Sounds Of Sikles Gurung: A Phonetic And Phonological Description Of A Tibeto-Burman Language Of Nepal, Danielle Ronkos

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation describes the sound system of the Sikles variety of Gurung, or Tamu Kyui, a Tibeto-Burman minority language of Nepal. Drawing on data collected with the help of Sikles Gurung speakers living in Nepal and New York between 2014 and 2018, it presents evidence that the phonetics and phonology of this variety differ from descriptions of other varieties. Major findings include contrastive vowel duration, a 2-category register system rather than the 4-tone system reported for other varieties, and allophonic secondary consonant articulations assigned by the backness of adjacent vowels and glides. The secondary articulation system is linked to the ...


Cot In The Act: Ethnicity And Age Affects Phonemic Perception Of The Low-Back Merger In New York City English, Omar Ortiz 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Cot In The Act: Ethnicity And Age Affects Phonemic Perception Of The Low-Back Merger In New York City English, Omar Ortiz

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

ABSTRACT

This paper is an experimental study on how perceptions about a speaker’s age and ethnicity may influence whether listeners perceive the THOUGHT / LOT distinction. The macro-categories of age and ethnicity have been found to correlate with the lowering of raised THOUGHT (Wong 2012, Becker 2010) and the favoring of the merged vowels in perception (Haddican et al. 2016). This thesis examines whether images of faces associated with different age and ethnicity categories condition perception of auditory stimuli as belonging to either the LOT or THOUGHT class. This thesis builds on previous results suggesting that non-linguistic information influences speech ...


Reduplication As Evidence For The Geometry Of Tone, Laura J. Walsh 2020 University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Reduplication As Evidence For The Geometry Of Tone, Laura J. Walsh

University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


Infixing And Moraic Circumscription, Suzanne C. Urbanczyk 2020 University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Infixing And Moraic Circumscription, Suzanne C. Urbanczyk

University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


Syllable Structure And Syllabification In Yapese, Rachel Thorburn 2020 University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Syllable Structure And Syllabification In Yapese, Rachel Thorburn

University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


English Compensatory Lengthening, Tim D. Sherer 2020 University of Massachusetts at Amherst/ State University of New York at Stony Brook

English Compensatory Lengthening, Tim D. Sherer

University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


The Syllable Structure Of Tamil Nouns, Amy J. Schafer 2020 University of Massachusetts

The Syllable Structure Of Tamil Nouns, Amy J. Schafer

University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


Cyclic Effects On Prosodic Voicing Assimilation, Jeffrey Runner 2020 University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Cyclic Effects On Prosodic Voicing Assimilation, Jeffrey Runner

University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


Unifying Four Phonological Process Of Prenasalized Stop Formation, Sam Rosenthall 2020 University of Massachusetts

Unifying Four Phonological Process Of Prenasalized Stop Formation, Sam Rosenthall

University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


Positionally Determined [Atr] Vowel Harmony In Wolof, Bernhard Rohrbacher 2020 University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Positionally Determined [Atr] Vowel Harmony In Wolof, Bernhard Rohrbacher

University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics

No abstract provided.


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