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Recent Trends, Current Research In Cyberpsychology: A Literature Review, Amarjit Kumar Singh, Pawan Kumar Singh 2019 Library Assistant, Central Library, Central University of South Bihar (CUSB), Gaya (Bihar)

Recent Trends, Current Research In Cyberpsychology: A Literature Review, Amarjit Kumar Singh, Pawan Kumar Singh

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Cyberpsychology refers to the study of the mind and behavior in the context of interactions with technology. It is an emerging branch, which has focused on the psychological aspects connected to the increasing presence and usages of technology in modern lives. This paper traces recent advancement and trends of Cyberpsychology is an emerging domain of knowledge and goes on the give a literature review of the same. An analysis of the recent research and literature covering 300 most relevant research papers from the period of 2012 to 15, August 2019 was conducted to determine and shape the research pattern based ...


Implementation Of A Blind Quality Control Program In Blood Alcohol Analysis, Jackeline Moral, Callan Hundel, Dayong Lee, Maddisen Neuman, Aimee Grimaldi, Maria Cuellar, Peter Stout 2019 Houston Forensic Science Center

Implementation Of A Blind Quality Control Program In Blood Alcohol Analysis, Jackeline Moral, Callan Hundel, Dayong Lee, Maddisen Neuman, Aimee Grimaldi, Maria Cuellar, Peter Stout

CSAFE Publications

Declared proficiency tests are limited in their use for testing the performance of the entire system, because analysts are aware that they are being tested. A blind quality control (BQC) is intended to appear as a real case to the analyst to remove any intentional or subconscious bias. A BQC program allows a real-time assessment of the laboratory’s policies and procedures and monitors reliability of casework. In September 2015, the Houston Forensic Science Center (HFSC) began a BQC program in blood alcohol analysis. Between September 2015 and July 2018, HFSC submitted 317 blind cases: 89 negative samples and 228 ...


Statistical Thinking For Forensic Practitioners, Hal Stern, Naomi Kaplan 2019 University of California, Irvine

Statistical Thinking For Forensic Practitioners, Hal Stern, Naomi Kaplan

CSAFE Presentations and Proceedings

No abstract provided.


A Semi-Automated Algorithm To Quantify Similarity Between Outsole Impressions Using Surf, Soyoung Park, Alicia L. Carriquiry 2019 Iowa State University

A Semi-Automated Algorithm To Quantify Similarity Between Outsole Impressions Using Surf, Soyoung Park, Alicia L. Carriquiry

CSAFE Presentations and Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Iot Ignorance Is Digital Forensics Research Bliss: A Survey To Understand Iot Forensics Definitions, Challenges And Future Research Directions, Tina Wu, Frank Breitinger, Ibrahim Baggili 2019 University of Oxford

Iot Ignorance Is Digital Forensics Research Bliss: A Survey To Understand Iot Forensics Definitions, Challenges And Future Research Directions, Tina Wu, Frank Breitinger, Ibrahim Baggili

Electrical & Computer Engineering and Computer Science Faculty Publications

Interactions with IoT devices generates vast amounts of personal data that can be used as a source of evidence in digital investigations. Currently, there are many challenges in IoT forensics such as the difficulty in acquiring and analysing IoT data/devices and the lack IoT forensic tools. Besides technical challenges, there are many concepts in IoT forensics that have yet to be explored such as definitions, experience and capability in the analysis of IoT data/devices and current/future challenges. A deeper understanding of these various concepts will help progress the field. To achieve this goal, we conducted a survey ...


Map My Murder: A Digital Forensic Study Of Mobile Health And Fitness Applications, Courtney Hassenfeldt, Shabana Baig, Ibrahim Baggili, Xiaolu Zhang 2019 University of New Haven

Map My Murder: A Digital Forensic Study Of Mobile Health And Fitness Applications, Courtney Hassenfeldt, Shabana Baig, Ibrahim Baggili, Xiaolu Zhang

Electrical & Computer Engineering and Computer Science Faculty Publications

The ongoing popularity of health and fitness applications catalyzes

the need for exploring forensic artifacts produced by them. Sensitive

Personal Identifiable Information (PII) is requested by the applications

during account creation. Augmenting that with ongoing

user activities, such as the user’s walking paths, could potentially

create exculpatory or inculpatory digital evidence. We conducted

extensive manual analysis and explored forensic artifacts produced

by (n = 13) popular Android mobile health and fitness applications.

We also developed and implemented a tool that aided in the timely

acquisition and identification of artifacts from the examined applications.

Additionally, our work explored the type of ...


Ethical Implications Of Codis, Lucy Grogan 2019 Grand Valley State University

Ethical Implications Of Codis, Lucy Grogan

Masters Theses

CODIS stores and maintains numerous DNA profiles, and is used as a tool by the criminal justice system in order to help solve crime. Deoxyribonucleic Acid, or DNA for short, is the genetic material that an individual inherits from one’s parents (NIH, 2019). Certain portions of this genetic material are selected for use within the CODIS database due to their lack of medically relevant information. There is an immense amount of power associated with DNA and the CODIS database that it is held within, which allows for many ethical issues to arise. In order to create a usable and ...


Spatial Dna: Measuring Similarity Of Geolocation Datasets With Applications To Forensics, Christopher Galbraith, Padhraic Smyth 2019 University of California, Irvine

Spatial Dna: Measuring Similarity Of Geolocation Datasets With Applications To Forensics, Christopher Galbraith, Padhraic Smyth

CSAFE Presentations and Proceedings

No abstract provided.


The Development And Use Of Computational Tools In Forensic Science, Dennis E. Slice 2019 Florida State University, Tallahassee, USA; University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

The Development And Use Of Computational Tools In Forensic Science, Dennis E. Slice

Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints

Modern computational resources make available a rich toolkit of statistical methods that can be applied to forensic questions. This toolkit is built on the foundation of statistical developments dating back to the 19th century. To fully and effectively exploit these developments, both the makers and users of software must be keenly aware of the quality, i.e., the accuracy and precision, of the data being modeled or analyzed, and end-users must be sufficiently familiar with the underlying theory to understand the process and results of any analysis or software they use. This is especially important for medico-legal personnel who might ...


Adversarial Matching Of Dark Net Market Vendor Accounts, Xiaohui Tai, Kyle Soska, N. Christian 2019 Carnegie Mellon University

Adversarial Matching Of Dark Net Market Vendor Accounts, Xiaohui Tai, Kyle Soska, N. Christian

CSAFE Presentations and Proceedings

Many datasets feature seemingly disparate entries that actually refer to the same entity. Reconciling these entries, or "matching," is challenging, especially in situations where there are errors in the data. In certain contexts, the situation is even more complicated: an active adversary may have a vested interest in having the matching process fail. By leveraging eight years of data, we investigate one such adversarial context: matching different online anonymous marketplace vendor handles to unique sellers. Using a combination of random forest classifiers and hierarchical clustering on a set of features that would be hard for an adversary to forge or ...


Statistics And The Fair Administration Of Justice, Hal Stern, Alicia L. Carriquiry, Bill Eddy, Karen Kafadar 2019 University of California, Irvine

Statistics And The Fair Administration Of Justice, Hal Stern, Alicia L. Carriquiry, Bill Eddy, Karen Kafadar

CSAFE Presentations and Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Correcting Forensic Dna Errors, Greg Hampikian 2019 Boise State University

Correcting Forensic Dna Errors, Greg Hampikian

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

DNA mixture interpretation can produce opposing conclusions by qualified forensic analysts, even within the same laboratory. The long-delayed publication of the National Institutes of Standards and Technology (NIST) study of 109 North American crime laboratories in this journal demonstrates this most clearly. This latest study supports earlier work that shows common methods such as the Combined Probability of Inclusion (CPI) have wrongly included innocent people as contributors to DNA mixtures.The 2016 President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology report concluded,“In summary, the interpretation of complex DNA mixtures with the CPI statistic has been an inadequately specified ...


A Bayesian Hierarchical Model For Evaluating Forensic Footwear Evidence, Neil A. Spencer, Jared S. Murray 2019 Carnegie Mellon University

A Bayesian Hierarchical Model For Evaluating Forensic Footwear Evidence, Neil A. Spencer, Jared S. Murray

CSAFE Publications

When a latent shoeprint is discovered at a crime scene, forensic analysts inspect it for distinctive patterns of wear such as scratches and holes (known as accidentals) on the source shoe's sole. If its accidentals correspond to those of a suspect's shoe, the print can be used as forensic evidence to place the suspect at the crime scene. The strength of this evidence depends on the random match probability---the chance that a shoe chosen at random would match the crime scene print's accidentals. Evaluating random match probabilities requires an accurate model for the spatial distribution of accidentals ...


Quorum Blockchain Stress Evaluation In Different Environments, Daniel P. Mera 2019 CUNY John Jay College

Quorum Blockchain Stress Evaluation In Different Environments, Daniel P. Mera

Student Theses

In today’s world, the Blockchain technology is used for different purposes has brought an increment in the development of different Blockchain platforms, services, and utilities for storing data securely and efficiently. Quorum Blockchain, an Ethereum fork created by JPMorgan Chase, has placed itself in one of the widely used, efficient and trustful Blockchain platforms available today. Because of the importance which Quorum is contributing to the world, it is important to test and measure different aspects of the platform, not only to prove how efficient the software can be but as well as to have a clear view on ...


Method Development And Validation For The Determination Of Designer Benzodiazepines In Blood By Lc-Ms/Ms, Victoria Mei 2019 CUNY John Jay College

Method Development And Validation For The Determination Of Designer Benzodiazepines In Blood By Lc-Ms/Ms, Victoria Mei

Student Theses

The misuse of designer benzodiazepines, as an alternative to prescription benzodiazepines and for drug-facilitated sexual assaults, has emerged as a growing threat, due in part to the ease of purchasing these drugs on the internet at low prices. Causing concern for safety, is the lack of dosage information resulting in users self-medicating, often leading to unintended overdoses, coma, or death at higher doses. With limited published data regarding quantification of designer benzodiazepines in forensic cases, a method was validated for the determination of thirteen and screening for two designer benzodiazepines in blood, in addition to a limited number of common ...


The Forensic Analysis Of Children's Temporary Tattoos, Erika Bravo 2019 CUNY John Jay College

The Forensic Analysis Of Children's Temporary Tattoos, Erika Bravo

Student Theses

While children’s temporary tattoos have been produced since the 20th century, there are few scientific studies that have evaluated their physical and chemical characteristics. Therefore, this thesis is a preliminary study done to evaluate the composition of children’s temporary tattoos and consider the importance of such traces in a forensic content.

Colored regions in children’s temporary tattoos, such as red, pink, yellow and orange, were found to fluoresce with the use of an alternative light source while the use of microscopy led to the identification of different printing patterns between temporary tattoos. However, limitations in the ability ...


The Forensic Analysis Of Adult Temporary Tattoos, Paige Cooper 2019 CUNY John Jay College

The Forensic Analysis Of Adult Temporary Tattoos, Paige Cooper

Student Theses

Adult temporary tattoos have become more popular, yet there is very little research on them, especially regarding their use in forensics. This poses a problem because forensic investigators may not be able to distinguish a temporary tattoo from a real tattoo, possibly hindering their investigation. In this study, various types of adult temporary tattoos were examined and analyzed in attempts to identify and distinguish them, both from each other and from permanent tattoos. Infrared spectroscopy, specifically attenuated total reflection (ATR), proved to be more useful than ultra-violet visible light spectroscopy in terms of analyzing the samples. The natural adult temporary ...


Reproducibility Of Automated Bullet Matching Scores Using High-Resolution 3d Lea Scans, Kiegan Rice 2019 Iowa State University

Reproducibility Of Automated Bullet Matching Scores Using High-Resolution 3d Lea Scans, Kiegan Rice

CSAFE Presentations and Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Simultaneous Determination Of Fourteen Antipsychotic Drugs In Whole Blood By Solid Phase Extraction And Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Theresa M. Dawe 2019 CUNY John Jay College

Simultaneous Determination Of Fourteen Antipsychotic Drugs In Whole Blood By Solid Phase Extraction And Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Theresa M. Dawe

Student Theses

Anti-psychotic drugs are commonly prescribed to patients to treat several mental conditions, such as bipolar, schizophrenia, and manic-depressive disorder. The analysis of anti-psychotic drugs in blood is a common practice in clinical and forensic toxicology, to monitor drug treatment (therapeutic drug monitoring) or to explain the cause of the impairment or intoxication in human performance and in postmortem cases. However, most of the current studies have been performed in plasma, and a limited number in blood. We developed and validated a method to confirm and quantify a panel of commonly prescribed anti-psychotic drugs in whole blood using solid phase extraction ...


Forensic Analysis Of Spy Applications In Android Devices, Shinelle Hutchinson, Umit Karabiyik 2019 Sam Houston State University

Forensic Analysis Of Spy Applications In Android Devices, Shinelle Hutchinson, Umit Karabiyik

Annual ADFSL Conference on Digital Forensics, Security and Law

Smartphones with Google's Android operating system are becoming more and more popular each year, and with this increased user base, comes increased opportunities to collect more of these users' private data. There have been several instances of malware being made available via the Google Play Store, which is one of the predominant means for users to download applications. One effective way of collecting users' private data is by using Android Spyware. In this paper, we conduct a forensic analysis of a malicious Android spyware application and present our findings. We also highlight what information the application accesses and what ...


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