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Automated Discovery Of Network Cameras In Heterogeneous Web Pages, Ryan Dailey, Aniesh Chawla, Andrew Liu, Sripath Mishra, Ling Zhang, Josh Majors, Yung-Hisang Lu, George K. Thiruvathukal 2021 Purdue University

Automated Discovery Of Network Cameras In Heterogeneous Web Pages, Ryan Dailey, Aniesh Chawla, Andrew Liu, Sripath Mishra, Ling Zhang, Josh Majors, Yung-Hisang Lu, George K. Thiruvathukal

Computer Science: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Reduction in the cost of Network Cameras along with a rise in connectivity enables entities all around the world to deploy vast arrays of camera networks. Network cameras offer real-time visual data that can be used for studying traffic patterns, emergency response, security, and other applications. Although many sources of Network Camera data are available, collecting the data remains difficult due to variations in programming interface and website structures. Previous solutions rely on manually parsing the target website, taking many hours to complete. We create a general and automated solution for aggregating Network Camera data spread across thousands of uniquely ...


Improving Energy Efficiency Through Compiler Optimizations, Jack Beckitt-Marshall 2021 Bowdoin College

Improving Energy Efficiency Through Compiler Optimizations, Jack Beckitt-Marshall

Honors Projects

Abstract--- Energy efficiency is becoming increasingly important for computation, especially in the context of the current climate crisis. The aim of this experiment was to see if the compiler could reduce energy usage without rewriting programs themselves. The experimental setup consisted of compiling programs using the Clang compiler using a set of compiler flags, and then measuring energy usage and execution time on an AMD Ryzen processor. Three experiments were performed: a random exploration of compiler flags, utilization of SIMD, as well as benchmarking real world applications. It was found that the compiler was able to reduce execution time, especially ...


Spatial And Graphical Data Processing: Spatial Crowdsourcing And Quasi-Clique Enumeration, Hooman Hashemi 2021 Iowa State University

Spatial And Graphical Data Processing: Spatial Crowdsourcing And Quasi-Clique Enumeration, Hooman Hashemi

Creative Components

In this report, data processing in two realms, spatial and graphical, has been studied. In the first chapter of this work, we explain spatial crowdsourcing and how it incorporates the context of physical location and enables assignments of workers to tasks not only based on matching skills but also on the (relative) whereabouts in time. Most of the works in this field have assumed a kind of steadiness of the dynamic of the essential parameters that were used to generate the worker and task pairs. In this work, we address the problem of reassignment of workers and tasks pair due ...


Xtreme-Noc: Extreme Gradient Boosting Based Latency Model For Network-On-Chip Architectures, Ilma Sheriff 2021 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Xtreme-Noc: Extreme Gradient Boosting Based Latency Model For Network-On-Chip Architectures, Ilma Sheriff

All Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Multiprocessor System-on-Chip (MPSoC) integrating heterogeneous processing elements (CPU, GPU, Accelerators, memory, I/O modules ,etc.) are the de-facto design choice to meet the ever-increasing performance/Watt requirements from modern computing machines. Although at consumer level the number of processing elements (PE) are limited to 8-16, for high end servers, the number of PEs can scale up to hundreds. A Network-on-Chip (NoC) is a microscale network that facilitates the packetized communication among the PEs in such complex computational systems. Due to the heterogeneous integration of the cores, execution of diverse (serial and parallel) applications on the PEs, application mapping strategies, and ...


Hierarchical Visual Concept Interpretation For Medical Image Classification, Mohammed Khaleel, Wallapak Tavanapong, Johnny Wong, Junghwan Oh, Piet de Groen 2021 Iowa State University

Hierarchical Visual Concept Interpretation For Medical Image Classification, Mohammed Khaleel, Wallapak Tavanapong, Johnny Wong, Junghwan Oh, Piet De Groen

Computer Science Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Most state-of-the-art local interpretation methods explain the behavior of deep learning classification models by assigning importance scores to image pixels based on how influential each pixel was towards the final decision. These interpretations are unable to provide further details to aid understanding of a complex concept in a domain such as medicine. We propose a novel Hierarchical Visual Concept (HVC) interpretation framework for CNN-based image classification models. As an explanation of the classification decision of a given image, HVC presents a concept hierarchy of most relevant visual concepts at multiple semantic levels. These concepts are automatically learned during training such ...


On Studying Distributed Machine Learning, Simeon Eberz 2021 Liberty University

On Studying Distributed Machine Learning, Simeon Eberz

Senior Honors Theses

The Internet of Things (IoT) is utilizing Deep Learning (DL) for applications such as voice or image recognition. Processing data for DL directly on IoT edge devices reduces latency and increases privacy. To overcome the resource constraints of IoT edge devices, the computation for DL inference is distributed between a cluster of several devices. This paper explores DL, IoT networks, and a novel framework for distributed processing of DL in IoT clusters. The aim is to facilitate and simplify deployment, testing, and study of a distributed DL system, even without physical devices. The contributions of this paper are a deployment ...


Evaluation Of Reliability Indicators Of Mobile Communication System Bases, Dilmurod Davronbekov, Utkir Karimovich Matyokubov, Malika Ilkhamovna Abdullayeva 2020 Bulletin of TUIT: Management and Communication Technologies

Evaluation Of Reliability Indicators Of Mobile Communication System Bases, Dilmurod Davronbekov, Utkir Karimovich Matyokubov, Malika Ilkhamovna Abdullayeva

Bulletin of TUIT: Management and Communication Technologies

In this study, the reliability of mobile system base stations (BTS) is assessed by analyzing data obtained on faults in about 200 BTS over a six-month period. Five BTSs with the highest number of failures and duration of failure were selected in these BTSs. Based on the data obtained, reliability parameters were calculated and compared.

The study used Weibull’s dismissal process distribution method. The breakdown times of each BTS were sorted. In all five BTS, it was found that β(where the value of β is the approximate value obtained from the values of the smallest squares of the ...


A Framework For Identifying Host-Based Artifacts In Dark Web Investigations, Arica Kulm 2020 Dakota State University

A Framework For Identifying Host-Based Artifacts In Dark Web Investigations, Arica Kulm

Masters Theses & Doctoral Dissertations

The dark web is the hidden part of the internet that is not indexed by search engines and is only accessible with a specific browser like The Onion Router (Tor). Tor was originally developed as a means of secure communications and is still used worldwide for individuals seeking privacy or those wanting to circumvent restrictive regimes. The dark web has become synonymous with nefarious and illicit content which manifests itself in underground marketplaces containing illegal goods such as drugs, stolen credit cards, stolen user credentials, child pornography, and more (Kohen, 2017). Dark web marketplaces contribute both to illegal drug usage ...


Modular Neural Networks For Low-Power Image Classification On Embedded Devices, Abhinav Goel, Sara Aghajanzadeh, Caleb Tung, Shuo-Han Chen, George K. Thiruvathukal, Yung-Hisang Lu 2020 Purdue University

Modular Neural Networks For Low-Power Image Classification On Embedded Devices, Abhinav Goel, Sara Aghajanzadeh, Caleb Tung, Shuo-Han Chen, George K. Thiruvathukal, Yung-Hisang Lu

Computer Science: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Embedded devices are generally small, battery-powered computers with limited hardware resources. It is difficult to run deep neural networks (DNNs) on these devices, because DNNs perform millions of operations and consume significant amounts of energy. Prior research has shown that a considerable number of a DNN’s memory accesses and computation are redundant when performing tasks like image classification. To reduce this redundancy and thereby reduce the energy consumption of DNNs, we introduce the Modular Neural Network Tree architecture. Instead of using one large DNN for the classifier, this architecture uses multiple smaller DNNs (called modules) to progressively classify images ...


Tpr: Text-Aware Preference Ranking For Recommender Systems, Yu-Neng CHUANG, Chih-Ming CHEN, Chuan-Ju WANG, Ming-Feng TSAI, Yuan FANG, Ee-peng LIM 2020 Singapore Management University

Tpr: Text-Aware Preference Ranking For Recommender Systems, Yu-Neng Chuang, Chih-Ming Chen, Chuan-Ju Wang, Ming-Feng Tsai, Yuan Fang, Ee-Peng Lim

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Textual data is common and informative auxiliary information for recommender systems. Most prior art utilizes text for rating prediction, but rare work connects it to top-N recommendation. Moreover, although advanced recommendation models capable of incorporating auxiliary information have been developed, none of these are specifically designed to model textual information, yielding a limited usage scenario for typical user-to-item recommendation. In this work, we present a framework of text-aware preference ranking (TPR) for top-N recommendation, in which we comprehensively model the joint association of user-item interaction and relations between items and associated text. Using the TPR framework, we construct a joint ...


A Statistical Impulse Response Model Based On Empirical Characterization Of Wireless Underground Channel, Abdul Salam, Mehmet C. Vuran, Suat Irmak 2020 Purdue University

A Statistical Impulse Response Model Based On Empirical Characterization Of Wireless Underground Channel, Abdul Salam, Mehmet C. Vuran, Suat Irmak

Faculty Publications

Wireless underground sensor networks (WUSNs) are becoming ubiquitous in many areas. The design of robust systems requires extensive understanding of the underground (UG) channel characteristics. In this paper, an UG channel impulse response is modeled and validated via extensive experiments in indoor and field testbed settings. The three distinct types of soils are selected with sand and clay contents ranging from $13\%$ to $86\%$ and $3\%$ to $32\%$, respectively. The impacts of changes in soil texture and soil moisture are investigated with more than $1,200$ measurements in a novel UG testbed that allows flexibility in soil moisture control. Moreover ...


Direct Digital Synthesis: A Flexible Architecture For Advanced Signals Research For Future Satellite Navigation Payloads, Pranav Patel 2020 Air Force Institute of Technology

Direct Digital Synthesis: A Flexible Architecture For Advanced Signals Research For Future Satellite Navigation Payloads, Pranav Patel

Theses and Dissertations

In legacy Global Positioning System (GPS) Satellite Navigation (SatNav) payloads, the architecture does not provide the flexibility to adapt to changing circumstances and environments. GPS SatNav payloads have largely remained unchanged since the system became fully operational in April 1995. Since then, the use of GPS has become ubiquitous in our day-to-day lives. GPS availability is now a basic assumption for distributed infrastructure; it has become inextricably tied to our national power grids, cellular networks, and global financial systems. Emerging advancements of easy to use radio technologies, such as software-defined radios (SDRs), have greatly lowered the difficulty of discovery and ...


Investigating Single Precision Floating General Matrix Multiply In Heterogeneous Hardware, Steven Harris 2020 Washington University in St. Louis

Investigating Single Precision Floating General Matrix Multiply In Heterogeneous Hardware, Steven Harris

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

The fundamental operation of matrix multiplication is ubiquitous across a myriad of disciplines. Yet, the identification of new optimizations for matrix multiplication remains relevant for emerging hardware architectures and heterogeneous systems. Frameworks such as OpenCL enable computation orchestration on existing systems, and its availability using the Intel High Level Synthesis compiler allows users to architect new designs for reconfigurable hardware using C/C++. Using the HARPv2 as a vehicle for exploration, we investigate the utility of several of the most notable matrix multiplication optimizations to better understand the performance portability of OpenCL and the implications for such optimizations on this ...


A Framework To Support Automatic Certification For Self-Adaptive Systems, Ioannis Nearchou 2020 Western Michigan University

A Framework To Support Automatic Certification For Self-Adaptive Systems, Ioannis Nearchou

Master's Theses

Presently, cyber-physical systems are increasingly being integrated into societies, from the economic sector to the nuclear energy sector. Cyber-physical systems are systems that combine physical, digital, human, and other components, which operate through physical means and software. When system errors occur, the consequences of malfunction could negatively impact human life. Academic studies have relied on the MAPE-K feedback loop model to develop various system components to satisfy the self-adaptive features, such that violation of the safety requirements can be minimized. Assurance of system requirement satisfaction is argued through an industrial standard form, called an assurance case, which is usually applied ...


Reconstructability Analysis & Its Occam Implementation, Martin Zwick 2020 Portland State University

Reconstructability Analysis & Its Occam Implementation, Martin Zwick

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

This talk will describe Reconstructability Analysis (RA), a probabilistic graphical modeling methodology deriving from the 1960s work of Ross Ashby and developed in the systems community in the 1980s and afterwards. RA, based on information theory and graph theory, resembles and partially overlaps Bayesian networks (BN) and log-linear techniques, but also has some unique capabilities. (A paper explaining the relationship between RA and BN will be given in this special session.) RA is designed for exploratory modeling although it can also be used for confirmatory hypothesis testing. In RA modeling, one either predicts some DV from a set of IVs ...


Joint Lattice Of Reconstructability Analysis And Bayesian Network General Graphs, Marcus Harris, Martin Zwick 2020 Portland State University

Joint Lattice Of Reconstructability Analysis And Bayesian Network General Graphs, Marcus Harris, Martin Zwick

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper integrates the structures considered in Reconstructability Analysis (RA) and those considered in Bayesian Networks (BN) into a joint lattice of probabilistic graphical models. This integration and associated lattice visualizations are done in this paper for four variables, but the approach can easily be expanded to more variables. The work builds on the RA work of Klir (1985), Krippendorff (1986), and Zwick (2001), and the BN work of Pearl (1985, 1987, 1988, 2000), Verma (1990), Heckerman (1994), Chickering (1995), Andersson (1997), and others. The RA four variable lattice and the BN four variable lattice partially overlap: there are ten ...


Towards A Cyber-Physical Manufacturing Cloud Through Operable Digital Twins And Virtual Production Lines, Md Rakib Shahriar 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Towards A Cyber-Physical Manufacturing Cloud Through Operable Digital Twins And Virtual Production Lines, Md Rakib Shahriar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In last decade, the paradigm of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) has integrated industrial manufacturing systems with Cloud Computing technologies for Cloud Manufacturing. Up to 2015, there were many CPS-based manufacturing systems that collected real-time machining data to perform remote monitoring, prognostics and health management, and predictive maintenance. However, these CPS-integrated and network ready machines were not directly connected to the elements of Cloud Manufacturing and required human-in-the-loop. Addressing this gap, we introduced a new paradigm of Cyber-Physical Manufacturing Cloud (CPMC) that bridges a gap between physical machines and virtual space in 2017. CPMC virtualizes machine tools in cloud through web services ...


Functional Programming For Systems Software: Implementing Baremetal Programs In Habit, Donovan Ellison 2020 Portland State University

Functional Programming For Systems Software: Implementing Baremetal Programs In Habit, Donovan Ellison

University Honors Theses

Programming in a baremetal environment, directly on top of hardware with very little to help manage memory or ensure safety, can be dangerous even for experienced programmers. Programming languages can ease the burden on developers and sometimes take care of entire sets of errors. This is not the case for a language like C that will do almost anything you want, for better or worse. To operate in a baremetal environment often requires direct control over memory, but it would be nice to have that capability without sacrificing safety guarantees. Rust is a new language that aims to fit this ...


Scalable Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning For Aggregation Systems, Tanvi VERMA 2020 Singapore Management University

Scalable Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning For Aggregation Systems, Tanvi Verma

Dissertations and Theses Collection (Open Access)

Efficient sequential matching of supply and demand is a problem of interest in many online to offline services. For instance, Uber, Lyft, Grab for matching taxis to customers; Ubereats, Deliveroo, FoodPanda etc. for matching restaurants to customers. In these systems, a centralized entity (e.g., Uber) aggregates supply and assigns them to demand so as to optimize a central metric such as profit, number of requests, delay etc. However, individuals (e.g., drivers, delivery boys) in the system are self interested and they try to maximize their own long term profit. The central entity has the full view of the ...


Online Spatio - Temporal Demand Supply Matching, Meghna LOWALEKAR 2020 Singapore Management University

Online Spatio - Temporal Demand Supply Matching, Meghna Lowalekar

Dissertations and Theses Collection (Open Access)

The rapid growth of cities in developing world coupled with the increase in rural to urban migration have led to cities being identified as the key actor for any nation's economy. Shared mobility has become an integral part of life of people in cities as it improves efficiency and enhances transportation accessibility. As a result, the mismatch between the demand and supply of shared mobility resources has a direct impact on people's life. Thus, the goal of my dissertation is to develop solution strategies for these real-time (online) spatio-temporal demand supply matching problems for shared mobility resources which ...


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