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Applications Of Fog Computing In Video Streaming, Kyle Smith 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Applications Of Fog Computing In Video Streaming, Kyle Smith

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The purpose of this paper is to show the viability of fog computing in the area of video streaming in vehicles. With the rise of autonomous vehicles, there needs to be a viable entertainment option for users. The cloud fails to address these options due to latency problems experienced during high internet traffic. To improve video streaming speeds, fog computing seems to be the best option. Fog computing brings the cloud closer to the user through the use of intermediary devices known as fog nodes. It does not attempt to replace the cloud but improve the cloud by allowing faster ...


A Mobile Cyber-Physical System Framework For Aiding People With Visual Impairment, Martin Goldberg 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

A Mobile Cyber-Physical System Framework For Aiding People With Visual Impairment, Martin Goldberg

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

It is a challenging problem for researchers and engineers in the assistive technology (AT) community to provide suitable solutions for visually impaired people (VIPs) through AT to meet orientation, navigation and mobility (ONM) needs. Given the spectrum of assistive technologies currently available for the purposes of aiding VIPs with ONM, our literature review and survey have shown that there is a reluctance to adopt these technological solutions in the VIP community.

Motivated by these findings, we think it critical to re-examine and rethink the approaches that have been taken. It is our belief that we need to take a different ...


Community Detection Via Neighborhood Overlap And Spanning Tree Computations, Ketki Kulkarni, Aris Pagourtzis, Katerina Potika, Petros Potikas, Dora Souliou 2019 San Jose State University

Community Detection Via Neighborhood Overlap And Spanning Tree Computations, Ketki Kulkarni, Aris Pagourtzis, Katerina Potika, Petros Potikas, Dora Souliou

Faculty Publications, Computer Science

Most social networks of today are populated with several millions of active users, while the most popular of them accommodate way more than one billion. Analyzing such huge complex networks has become particularly demanding in computational terms. A task of paramount importance for understanding the structure of social networks as well as of many other real-world systems is to identify communities, that is, sets of nodes that are more densely connected to each other than to other nodes of the network. In this paper we propose two algorithms for community detection in networks, by employing the neighborhood overlap metric and ...


Securing Our Future Homes: Smart Home Security Issues And Solutions, Nicholas Romano 2019 Liberty University

Securing Our Future Homes: Smart Home Security Issues And Solutions, Nicholas Romano

Senior Honors Theses

The Internet of Things, commonly known as IoT, is a new technology transforming businesses, individuals’ daily lives and the operation of entire countries. With more and more devices becoming equipped with IoT technology, smart homes are becoming increasingly popular. The components that make up a smart home are at risk for different types of attacks; therefore, security engineers are developing solutions to current problems and are predicting future types of attacks. This paper will analyze IoT smart home components, explain current security risks, and suggest possible solutions. According to “What is a Smart Home” (n.d.), a smart home is ...


Building Consumer Trust In The Cloud: An Experimental Analysis Of The Cloud Trust Label Approach, Lisa van der Werff, Grace Fox, Ieva Masevic, Vincent C. Emeakaroha, John P. Morrison, Theo Lynn 2019 Dublin City University Business School, Dublin, Ireland

Building Consumer Trust In The Cloud: An Experimental Analysis Of The Cloud Trust Label Approach, Lisa Van Der Werff, Grace Fox, Ieva Masevic, Vincent C. Emeakaroha, John P. Morrison, Theo Lynn

Department of Computer Science Publications

The lack of transparency surrounding cloud service provision makes it difficult for consumers to make knowledge based purchasing decisions. As a result, consumer trust has become a major impediment to cloud computing adoption. Cloud Trust Labels represent a means of communicating relevant service and security information to potential customers on the cloud service provided, thereby facilitating informed decision making. This research investigates the potential of a Cloud Trust Label system to overcome the trust barrier. Specifically, it examines the impact of a Cloud Trust Label on consumer perceptions of a service and cloud service provider trustworthiness and trust in the ...


An Underground Radio Wave Propagation Prediction Model For Digital Agriculture, Abdul Salam 2019 Purdue University

An Underground Radio Wave Propagation Prediction Model For Digital Agriculture, Abdul Salam

Faculty Publications

Underground sensing and propagation of Signals in the Soil (SitS) medium is an electromagnetic issue. The path loss prediction with higher accuracy is an open research subject in digital agriculture monitoring applications for sensing and communications. The statistical data are predominantly derived from site-specific empirical measurements, which is considered an impediment to universal application. Nevertheless, in the existing literature, statistical approaches have been applied to the SitS channel modeling, where impulse response analysis and the Friis open space transmission formula are employed as the channel modeling tool in different soil types under varying soil moisture conditions at diverse communication distances ...


Graphics Processing Units (Gpus) And Cuda, Josiah Brett, Josiah Brouwer 2019 Hope College

Graphics Processing Units (Gpus) And Cuda, Josiah Brett, Josiah Brouwer

18th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2019)

Computers almost always contain one or more central processing units (CPU), each of which processes information sequentially. While having multiple CPUs allow a computer to run several tasks in parallel, many computers also have a graphics processing unit (GPU) which contains hundreds to thousands of cores that allow it to execute many computations in parallel. In order to complete a larger task, GPUs run many subtasks concurrently. Each core performs the same instruction on different sets of data, making it useful for performing tasks such as calculating what each individual pixel displays on a screen. The purpose of this research ...


Safety And Security With Aadl: Using Lattices To Model Data Flow, ERICK MARTINEZ 2019 Kansas State University Libraries

Safety And Security With Aadl: Using Lattices To Model Data Flow, Erick Martinez

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

Architecture and Design Language is a model based engineering language that is used to create safety-critical systems. The issue with the creation of these systems is the lack of importance in security when these systems are created. To improve and promote the increase if importance and reliability for the creation of these systems we are looking into creating a method in which we can create lattice formations to identify and restrict certain information to its own category/classification. Lattices form sets of nodes that can be restricted so that certain information can only be distributed between two nodes that have ...


Detection And Prevention Of Abuse In Online Social Networks, Sajedul Karim Talukder 2019 Florida International University

Detection And Prevention Of Abuse In Online Social Networks, Sajedul Karim Talukder

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Adversaries leverage social networks to collect sensitive data about regular users and target them with abuse that includes fake news, cyberbullying, malware distribution, and propaganda. Such behavior is more effective when performed by the social network friends of victims. In two preliminary user studies we found that 71 out of 80 participants have at least 1 Facebook friend with whom (1) they never interact, either in Facebook or in real life, or whom they believe is (2) likely to abuse their posted photos or status updates, or (3) post offensive, false or malicious content. Such friend abuse is often considered ...


Process And System For Establishing A Moving Target Connection For Secure Communications In Client/Server Systems, Chris Morrell, Reese A. Moore, Joseph G. Tront, Randolph C. Marchany 2019 United States Military Academy

Process And System For Establishing A Moving Target Connection For Secure Communications In Client/Server Systems, Chris Morrell, Reese A. Moore, Joseph G. Tront, Randolph C. Marchany

West Point Patents

A system and method performs a moving target blind rendezvous by exchanging data through a distributed hash table. The system allows users to securely send small pieces of information over a network while only requiring an exchange of public keys ahead of time. The system relies on the size and resilience of the BitTorrent Distributed Hash Table and the security properties of cryptographic constructions such as Elliptic Curve Diffie-Hellman key exchange and secure one-way hash functions.


Mirai Bot Scanner Summation Prototype, Charles V. Frank Jr. 2019 Dakota State University

Mirai Bot Scanner Summation Prototype, Charles V. Frank Jr.

Masters Theses & Doctoral Dissertations

The Mirai botnet deploys a distributed mechanism with each Bot continually scanning for a potential new Bot Victim. A Bot continually generates a random IP address to scan the network for discovering a potential new Bot Victim. The Bot establishes a connection with the potential new Bot Victim with a Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) handshake. The Mirai botnet has recruited hundreds of thousands of Bots. With 100,000 Bots, Mirai Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks on service provider Dyn in October 2016 triggered the inaccessibility to hundreds of websites in Europe and North America (Sinanović & Mrdovic, 2017). A month before the Dyn attack, the source code was released publicly on the Internet and Mirai spread to half a million bots. Hackers offered Mirai botnets for rent with 400,000 Bots. Recent research has suggested network signatures for Mirai detection. Network signatures are suggested to detect a Bot brute forcing a new Bot Victim with a factory default user-id and password. Research has not been focused on the Bot scanning mechanism. The focus of this research is performing experimentation to analyze the Bot scanning mechanism for when a Bot attempts to establish a connection to a potential new Bot Victim with a TCP handshake. The thesis is presented: it is possible to develop a solution that can analyze network traffic to identify a Bot scanning for a potential new Bot Victim. The three research questions are (a) Can the Bots be identified for summation? (b) Can the potential new Bot Victims be identified for summation? (c) Is it possible to monitor the Bot scanning mechanism over time? The research questions support the thesis. The Design Science Research (DSR) methodology is followed for designing and evaluating the solution presented in this study. The original Mirai Bot code is used as a research data source to perform a Bot scanner code review. A dataset containing Bot scanning network activity, recorded by the University of Southern California (USC), is utilized as the research data source for experimentation performed with the Mirai Bot Scanner Summation Prototype solution. The Bot scanner code review is performed to identify the Bot scanning functionality and network communications with a potential new Bot Victim. A sampling from the Bot scanning dataset is confirmed from the analysis performed by the code review. The solution created in this study, the Mirai Bot Scanner Summation Prototype, evaluates a Bot scanning dataset. Researchers can use the prototype to tabulate the number of Mirai Bots, the number of potential new Bot Victims, as well as the number of network packet types associated with a Bot attempting to connect to a potential new Bot Victim. Using a database, permanent storage is utilized for counting Bots, potential new Bot Victims, and network packet types. Reporting as well as line-graphs is provided for assessing the Bot scanning mechanism over a time period. Single case experimentation performed with the Mirai Bot Scanner Summation Prototype provides answers to the research questions (a) Bots are identified for summation; (b) Potential new Bot ...


Flashlight In A Dark Room: A Grounded Theory Study On Information Security Management At Small Healthcare Provider Organizations, Gerald Auger 2019 Dakota State University

Flashlight In A Dark Room: A Grounded Theory Study On Information Security Management At Small Healthcare Provider Organizations, Gerald Auger

Masters Theses & Doctoral Dissertations

Healthcare providers have a responsibility to protect patient’s privacy and a business motivation to properly secure their assets. These providers encounter barriers to achieving these objectives and limited academic research has been conducted to examine the causes and strategies to overcome them. A subset of this demographic, businesses with less than 10 providers, compose a majority 57% of provider organizations in the United States. This grounded theory study provides exploratory findings, discovering these small healthcare provider organizations (SHPO) have limited knowledge on information technology (IT) and information security that results in assumptions and misappropriations of information security implementation, who ...


Matching Possible Mitigations To Cyber Threats: A Document-Driven Decision Support Systems Approach, Martha Wagner McNeil 2019 Dakota State University

Matching Possible Mitigations To Cyber Threats: A Document-Driven Decision Support Systems Approach, Martha Wagner Mcneil

Masters Theses & Doctoral Dissertations

Cyber systems are ubiquitous in all aspects of society. At the same time, breaches to cyber systems continue to be front-page news (Calfas, 2018; Equifax, 2017) and, despite more than a decade of heightened focus on cybersecurity, the threat continues to evolve and grow, costing globally up to $575 billion annually (Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2014; Gosler & Von Thaer, 2013; Microsoft, 2016; Verizon, 2017). To address possible impacts due to cyber threats, information system (IS) stakeholders must assess the risks they face. Following a risk assessment, the next step is to determine mitigations to counter the threats that pose unacceptably high ...


A Malware Analysis And Artifact Capture Tool, Dallas Wright 2019 Dakota State University

A Malware Analysis And Artifact Capture Tool, Dallas Wright

Masters Theses & Doctoral Dissertations

Malware authors attempt to obfuscate and hide their execution objectives in their program’s static and dynamic states. This paper provides a novel approach to aid analysis by introducing a malware analysis tool which is quick to set up and use with respect to other existing tools. The tool allows for the intercepting and capturing of malware artifacts while providing dynamic control of process flow. Capturing malware artifacts allows an analyst to more quickly and comprehensively understand malware behavior and obfuscation techniques and doing so interactively allows multiple code paths to be explored. The faster that malware can be analyzed ...


Evaluating The Impacts Of Detecting X.509 Covert Channels, Cody Welu 2019 Dakota State University

Evaluating The Impacts Of Detecting X.509 Covert Channels, Cody Welu

Masters Theses & Doctoral Dissertations

This quasi-experimental before-and-after study examined the performance impacts of detecting X.509 covert channels in the Suricata intrusion detection system. Relevant literature and previous studies surrounding covert channels and covert channel detection, X.509 certificates, and intrusion detection system performance were evaluated. This study used Jason Reaves’ X.509 covert channel proof of concept code to generate malicious network traffic for detection (2018). Various detection rules for intrusion detection systems were created to aid in the detection of the X.509 covert channel. The central processing unit (CPU) and memory utilization impacts that each rule had on the intrusion detection ...


Automatic, Highly Accurate App Permission Recommendation, Zhongxin LIU, Xin XIA, David LO, John GRUNDY 2019 Singapore Management University

Automatic, Highly Accurate App Permission Recommendation, Zhongxin Liu, Xin Xia, David Lo, John Grundy

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

To ensure security and privacy, Android employs a permission mechanism which requires developers to explicitly declare the permissions needed by their applications (apps). Users must grant those permissions before they install apps or during runtime. This mechanism protects users’ private data, but also imposes additional requirements on developers. For permission declaration, developers need knowledge about what permissions are necessary to implement various features of their apps, which is difficult to acquire due to the incompleteness of Android documentation. To address this problem, we present a novel permission recommendation system named PerRec for Android apps. PerRec leverages mining-based techniques and data ...


A Theoretical Model Of Underground Dipole Antennas For Communications In Internet Of Underground Things, Abdul Salam, Mehmet C. Vuran, Xin Dong, Christos Argyropoulos, Suat Irmak 2019 Purdue University

A Theoretical Model Of Underground Dipole Antennas For Communications In Internet Of Underground Things, Abdul Salam, Mehmet C. Vuran, Xin Dong, Christos Argyropoulos, Suat Irmak

Faculty Publications

The realization of Internet of Underground Things (IOUT) relies on the establishment of reliable communication links, where the antenna becomes a major design component due to the significant impacts of soil. In this paper, a theoretical model is developed to capture the impacts of change of soil moisture on the return loss, resonant frequency, and bandwidth of a buried dipole antenna. Experiments are conducted in silty clay loam, sandy, and silt loam soil, to characterize the effects of soil, in an indoor testbed and field testbeds. It is shown that at subsurface burial depths (0.1-0.4m), change in soil ...


Smart Parking Systems Design And Integration Into Iot, Charles M. Menne 2019 University of Minnesota - Morris

Smart Parking Systems Design And Integration Into Iot, Charles M. Menne

Scholarly Horizons: University of Minnesota, Morris Undergraduate Journal

This paper looks at two smart parking reservation algorithms, and examines the ongoing efforts to connect smart systems of different domains in a city's infrastructure. The reservation algorithms are designed to improve the performance of smart parking systems. The first algorithm considers the distance between parking areas and the number of free parking spaces in determining a parking space. The second algorithm uses distance between parking areas and driver destination, parking price, and the number of unoccupied spaces for each parking area. Neither of these smart parking systems cover how they could fit into a larger scale smart system ...


Cloud Resource Optimization For Processing Multiple Streams Of Visual Data, Zohar Kapach, Andrew Ulmer, Daniel Merrick, Arshad Alikhan, Yung-Hsiang Lu, Anup Mohan, Ahmed S. Kaseb, George K. Thiruvathukal 2019 Purdue University

Cloud Resource Optimization For Processing Multiple Streams Of Visual Data, Zohar Kapach, Andrew Ulmer, Daniel Merrick, Arshad Alikhan, Yung-Hsiang Lu, Anup Mohan, Ahmed S. Kaseb, George K. Thiruvathukal

George K. Thiruvathukal

Hundreds of millions of network cameras have been installed throughout the world. Each is capable of providing a vast amount of real-time data. Analyzing the massive data generated by these cameras requires significant computational resources and the demands may vary over time. Cloud computing shows the most promise to provide the needed resources on demand. In this article, we investigate how to allocate cloud resources when analyzing real-time data streams from network cameras. A resource manager considers many factors that affect its decisions, including the types of analysis, the number of data streams, and the locations of the cameras. The ...


Driving And Effective Data-Ready Culture: How Companies Can Take On A Datadriven Approach To 11 Business, Johnson POH 2019 Singapore Management University

Driving And Effective Data-Ready Culture: How Companies Can Take On A Datadriven Approach To 11 Business, Johnson Poh

MITB Thought Leadership Series

TECHNOLOGY has turned the tables in favour of consumers, enabling them to find goods and services faster and access more choices. Companies now compete more intensely to capture consumers’ mindshare and scour for ways to keep their products relevant. But every coin has two sides. While technology has empowered consumers with choice, it has also offered companies a plethora of data to understand consumers better. This puts the odds in favour of companies that can leverage on data to gain consumer insights and meet their business objectives.


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