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On The Motion Of The Nodes Of The Moon And The Variation Of Its Inclination To The Ecliptic (An English Translation Of De Motu Nodorum Lunae Eiusque Inclinationis Ad Eclipticam Variatione), Patrick T. Headley 2023 Gannon University

On The Motion Of The Nodes Of The Moon And The Variation Of Its Inclination To The Ecliptic (An English Translation Of De Motu Nodorum Lunae Eiusque Inclinationis Ad Eclipticam Variatione), Patrick T. Headley

Euleriana

In this paper Euler attempts to explain some features of the motion of the Moon using Newton’s inverse-square law of gravity. He describes the evidence in favor of Newton’s theory but also the lack of progress in the study of lunar motion due to the difficulty of the three-body problem, arising here since both the Sun and the Earth have large effects on the Moon. He proceeds to investigate the line of intersection between the planes of the Earth's orbit and the Moon's orbit, as well as the angle between the two planes.


Using 4most To Refine The Measurement Of Galaxy Properties: A Case Study Of Supernova Hosts, J Dumayne, I M. Hook, S C. Williams, G A. Lowes, D Head, A Fritz, O Graur, Benne Holwerda, A Humphrey, A Milligan, M Nicholl, B F. Roukema, P Wiseman 2023 University of Louisville

Using 4most To Refine The Measurement Of Galaxy Properties: A Case Study Of Supernova Hosts, J Dumayne, I M. Hook, S C. Williams, G A. Lowes, D Head, A Fritz, O Graur, Benne Holwerda, A Humphrey, A Milligan, M Nicholl, B F. Roukema, P Wiseman

Faculty Scholarship

The Rubin Observatory’s 10-year Legacy Survey of Space and Time will observe near to 20 billion galaxies. For each galaxy the properties can be inferred. Approximately 105 galaxies observed per year will contain Type Ia supernovae (SNe), allowing SN host-galaxy properties to be calculated on a large scale. Measuring the properties of SN host-galaxies serves two main purposes. The first is that there are known correlations between host-galaxy type and supernova type, which can be used to aid in the classification of SNe. Secondly, Type Ia SNe exhibit correlations between host-galaxy properties and the peak luminosities of the SNe, which …


Tests Of General Relativity Through Searches For Lorentz And Cpt Symmetry Breaking, Kellie Ault 2023 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Tests Of General Relativity Through Searches For Lorentz And Cpt Symmetry Breaking, Kellie Ault

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

An effective field theory framework, the Standard Model Extension (SME), provides an agnostic, systematic test of General Relativity (GR) and its founding spacetime symmetries, Lorentz and CPT symmetry. Violating these symmetries may provide clues toward unifying the physics of the General Relativity and the Standard Model of particle physics. Part of this work involves the merge of theory, data analysis and experiments with gravitational wave (GW) signals from LIGO/Virgo/KAGRA (LVK) detectors. A modified dispersion relation derived from the SME of GWs is implemented into the LIGO Scientific Collaboration Algorithm Library Suite (LALSuite), where a joint Bayesian inference of the source …


Direct Measurement Of The 114cd(��, ��)115cd Cross Section In The 1 Ev To 300 Kev Energy Range, Kofi Tutu Addo Assumin-Gyimah 2023 Mississippi State University

Direct Measurement Of The 114cd(��, ��)115cd Cross Section In The 1 Ev To 300 Kev Energy Range, Kofi Tutu Addo Assumin-Gyimah

Theses and Dissertations

The large thermal cross section of cadmium makes it ideal for many practical applications where screening of thermal neutrons is desired. For example, in non-destructive assay techniques, or for astrophysical studies of the s-process. All such applications require precise knowledge of the neutron-capture cross section on cadmium. Although there are some data on neutron-capture cross sections particularly at thermal energies and at energies relevant for astrophysics, there is very little data at most other energies. Further, the evaluated cross sections from the ENDF and JENDL databases disagree at high energies. Therefore, there is a critical need for precise knowledge of …


Radio Pulsar Searching And Timing Follow-Up, Alexander Eli McEwen 2023 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Radio Pulsar Searching And Timing Follow-Up, Alexander Eli Mcewen

Theses and Dissertations

Pulsars provide some of the richest laboratories for studying the behavior of ultra-dense matter. As such, they have been utilized for decades to place stringent limits on gravitation and as probes of the material that fills our Galaxy. These tests benefit greatly from a catalog of pulsars that is as complete as possible, which in turn requires thorough searches of the Galaxy and precise timing of discoveries. These searches are informed by the continued characterization of the pulsar population, and so searching techniques develop in tandem with the analysis of their discoveries. Large scale pulsar surveys find pulsars; small scale …


Simulating The Eccentricity Evolution Of Accreting Equal-Mass Binaries: Numerical Sensitivity To The Computational Domain Size And Grid Resolution, Zhongtian Hu 2023 Clemson University

Simulating The Eccentricity Evolution Of Accreting Equal-Mass Binaries: Numerical Sensitivity To The Computational Domain Size And Grid Resolution, Zhongtian Hu

All Theses

With high resolution hydrodynamics simulations, we show that the optimal values of domain radius and grid resolution for the software Sailfish when simulating time-based eccentricity evolution of equal mass, non-circular accreting binaries in a circumbinary disk to be $r_{\rm out} \leq 15a$ and $\delta x / a \le 0.01 $. These values provide a useful guideline for optimizing the performance of simulation runs while maintaining scientific accuracy. Each artificial parameter is probed with 15 runs of 2000 orbits each.


Open Data From The Third Observing Run Of Ligo, Virgo, Kagra, And Geo, R. Abbott, H. Abe, F. Acernese, Teviet Creighton, Mario C. Diaz, Francisco Llamas, Soma Mukherjee, Gaukhar Nurbek, Volker Quetschke, Wenhui Wang 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Open Data From The Third Observing Run Of Ligo, Virgo, Kagra, And Geo, R. Abbott, H. Abe, F. Acernese, Teviet Creighton, Mario C. Diaz, Francisco Llamas, Soma Mukherjee, Gaukhar Nurbek, Volker Quetschke, Wenhui Wang

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

The global network of gravitational-wave observatories now includes five detectors, namely LIGO Hanford, LIGO Livingston, Virgo, KAGRA, and GEO 600. These detectors collected data during their third observing run, O3, composed of three phases: O3a starting in 2019 April and lasting six months, O3b starting in 2019 November and lasting five months, and O3GK starting in 2020 April and lasting two weeks. In this paper we describe these data and various other science products that can be freely accessed through the Gravitational Wave Open Science Center at https://gwosc.org. The main data set, consisting of the gravitational-wave strain time series …


On The Frequencies Of Circumbinary Discs In Protostellar Systems, D. Elsender, M. R. Bate, B. S. Lakeland, Eric L.N. Jensen, S. H. Lubow 2023 Swarthmore College

On The Frequencies Of Circumbinary Discs In Protostellar Systems, D. Elsender, M. R. Bate, B. S. Lakeland, Eric L.N. Jensen, S. H. Lubow

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

We report the analysis of circumbinary (CB) discs formed in a radiation hydrodynamical simulation of star cluster formation. We consider both pure binary stars and pairs within triple and quadruple systems. The protostellar systems are all young (ages < 10⁵ yrs). We find that the systems that host a CB disc have a median separation of ≈11 au, and the median characteristic radius of the discs is ≈64 au. We find that 89 per cent of pure binaries with semimajor axes a < 1 au have a CB disc, and the occurrence rate of CB discs is bimodal with log-separation in pure binaries with a second peak at a ≈ 50 au. Systems with a > 100 au almost never have a CB disc. The median size of a CB disc is between ≈5 and 6 a depending on the order of the system, with higher order systems having larger discs relative to binary separation. We find the underlying distributions of mutual inclination between CB discs and binary orbits from …


Two Warm Neptunes Transiting Hip 9618 Revealed By Tess And Cheops, H. P. Osborn, G. Nowak, G. Hébrard, T. Masseron, J. Lillo-Box, E. Pallé, A. Bekkelien, H.-G. Florén, P. Guterman, A. E. Simon, V. Adibekyan, A. Bieryla, L. Borsato, A. Brandeker, D. R. Ciardi, A. Collier Cameron, K. A. Collins, J. A. Egger, D. Gandolfi, M. J. Hooton, D. W. Latham, M. Lendl, E. C. Matthews, A. Tuson, S. Ulmer-Moll, A. Vanderburg, T. G. Wilson, C. Ziegler, Y. Alibert, R. Alonso, G. Anglada, L. Arnold, J. Asquier, D. Barrado y Navascues, W. Baumjohann, T. Beck, A. A. Belinski, W. Benz, F. Biondi, I. Boisse, X. Bonfils, C. Broeg, L. A. Buchhave, T. Bárczy, S. C. C. Barros, J. Cabrera, C. Cardona Guillen, I. Carleo, A. Castro-González, S. Charnoz, J. Christiansen, P. Cortes-Zuleta, S. Csizmadia, S. Dalal, M. B. Davies, M. Deleuil, X. Delfosse, L. Delrez, B.-O. Demory, A. B. Dunlavey, D. Ehrenreich, A. Erikson, R. B. Fernandes, A. Fortier, T. Forveille, L. Fossati, M. Fridlund, M. Gillon, R. F. Goeke, M. V. Goliguzova, E. J. Gonzales, M. N. Günther, M. Güdel, N. Heidari, C. E. Henze, S. Howell, S. Hoyer, J. I. Frey, K. G. Isaak, J. M. Jenkins, F. Kiefer, L. Kiss, J. Korth, P. F. L. Maxted, J. Laskar, A. Lecavelier des Etangs, C. Lovis, M. B. Lund, R. Luque, D. Magrin, J. M. Almenara, E. Martioli, M. Mecina, J. V. Medina, D. Moldovan, M. Morales-Calderón, G. Morello, C. Moutou, F. Murgas, Eric L.N. Jensen, V. Nascimbeni, G. Olofsson, R. Ottensamer, I. Pagano, G. Peter, G. Piotto, D. Pollacco, D. Queloz, R. Ragazzoni, N. Rando, H. Rauer, I. Ribas, G. Ricker, O. D. S. Demangeon, A. M. S. Smith, N. Santos, G. Scandariato, S. Seager, S. G. Sousa, M. Steller, G. M. Szabó, D. Ségransan, N. Thomas, S. Udry, B. Ulmer, V. Van Grootel, R. Vanderspek, N. Walton, J. N. Winn 2023 Swarthmore College

Two Warm Neptunes Transiting Hip 9618 Revealed By Tess And Cheops, H. P. Osborn, G. Nowak, G. Hébrard, T. Masseron, J. Lillo-Box, E. Pallé, A. Bekkelien, H.-G. Florén, P. Guterman, A. E. Simon, V. Adibekyan, A. Bieryla, L. Borsato, A. Brandeker, D. R. Ciardi, A. Collier Cameron, K. A. Collins, J. A. Egger, D. Gandolfi, M. J. Hooton, D. W. Latham, M. Lendl, E. C. Matthews, A. Tuson, S. Ulmer-Moll, A. Vanderburg, T. G. Wilson, C. Ziegler, Y. Alibert, R. Alonso, G. Anglada, L. Arnold, J. Asquier, D. Barrado Y Navascues, W. Baumjohann, T. Beck, A. A. Belinski, W. Benz, F. Biondi, I. Boisse, X. Bonfils, C. Broeg, L. A. Buchhave, T. Bárczy, S. C. C. Barros, J. Cabrera, C. Cardona Guillen, I. Carleo, A. Castro-González, S. Charnoz, J. Christiansen, P. Cortes-Zuleta, S. Csizmadia, S. Dalal, M. B. Davies, M. Deleuil, X. Delfosse, L. Delrez, B.-O. Demory, A. B. Dunlavey, D. Ehrenreich, A. Erikson, R. B. Fernandes, A. Fortier, T. Forveille, L. Fossati, M. Fridlund, M. Gillon, R. F. Goeke, M. V. Goliguzova, E. J. Gonzales, M. N. Günther, M. Güdel, N. Heidari, C. E. Henze, S. Howell, S. Hoyer, J. I. Frey, K. G. Isaak, J. M. Jenkins, F. Kiefer, L. Kiss, J. Korth, P. F. L. Maxted, J. Laskar, A. Lecavelier Des Etangs, C. Lovis, M. B. Lund, R. Luque, D. Magrin, J. M. Almenara, E. Martioli, M. Mecina, J. V. Medina, D. Moldovan, M. Morales-Calderón, G. Morello, C. Moutou, F. Murgas, Eric L.N. Jensen, V. Nascimbeni, G. Olofsson, R. Ottensamer, I. Pagano, G. Peter, G. Piotto, D. Pollacco, D. Queloz, R. Ragazzoni, N. Rando, H. Rauer, I. Ribas, G. Ricker, O. D. S. Demangeon, A. M. S. Smith, N. Santos, G. Scandariato, S. Seager, S. G. Sousa, M. Steller, G. M. Szabó, D. Ségransan, N. Thomas, S. Udry, B. Ulmer, V. Van Grootel, R. Vanderspek, N. Walton, J. N. Winn

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

HIP 9618 (HD 12572, TOI-1471, TIC 306263608) is a bright (G = 9.0 mag) solar analogue. TESS photometry revealed the star to have two candidate planets with radii of 3.9 ± 0.044 R⊕ (HIP 9618 b) and 3.343 ± 0.039 R⊕ (HIP 9618 c). While the 20.77291 d period of HIP 9618 b was measured unambiguously, HIP 9618 c showed only two transits separated by a 680-d gap in the time series, leaving many possibilities for the period. To solve this issue, CHEOPS performed targeted photometry of period aliases to attempt to recover the true period of planet c, …


Delving Deep: A Population Of Extremely Dusty Dwarfs Observed By Jwst, L. Bisigello, G. Gandolfi, A. Grazian, G. Rodighiero, L. Costantin, A. R. Cooray, A. Feltre, C. Gruppioni, N. P. Hathi, Benne W. Holwerda, A. M. Koekemoer, R. A. Lucas, J. A. Newman, P. G. Pérez-González, L. Y. A. Yung, A. de la Vega, P. Arrabal Haro, M. B. Bagley, M. Dickinson, S. L. Finkelstein, J. S. Kartaltepe, C. Papovich, N. Pirzkal, S. Wilkins 2023 University of Louisville

Delving Deep: A Population Of Extremely Dusty Dwarfs Observed By Jwst, L. Bisigello, G. Gandolfi, A. Grazian, G. Rodighiero, L. Costantin, A. R. Cooray, A. Feltre, C. Gruppioni, N. P. Hathi, Benne W. Holwerda, A. M. Koekemoer, R. A. Lucas, J. A. Newman, P. G. Pérez-González, L. Y. A. Yung, A. De La Vega, P. Arrabal Haro, M. B. Bagley, M. Dickinson, S. L. Finkelstein, J. S. Kartaltepe, C. Papovich, N. Pirzkal, S. Wilkins

Faculty Scholarship

Aims. We take advantage of the NIRCam photometric observations available as part of the Cosmic Evolution Early Release Science survey (CEERS) to identify and analyse very red sources in an effort to discover very dusty star forming galaxies. Methods. We select red galaxies as objects with a S / N > 3 at 4.4 μm and a S / N < 2 in all JWST and HST filters at λ ≤ 2 μm, which corresponds to [ F 200 W ]−[ F 444 W ]> 1.2 considering CEERS depths. This selection is ideal to identify very dusty ( A V > 1 mag) galaxies with stellar masses between 10 6 and 10 10 M ⊙ at z < 5, more massive dusty galaxies at z = 5 − 18 and galaxies at z > 18 due to the Lyman absorption, independently of their dust …


Cosmic Diffuse Neutrino And Gamma-Ray Backgrounds In The Mev Regime, Ilukpitiye Samalka Anandagoda 2023 Clemson University

Cosmic Diffuse Neutrino And Gamma-Ray Backgrounds In The Mev Regime, Ilukpitiye Samalka Anandagoda

All Dissertations

Cosmic Multi-Messenger backgrounds include relic diffuse components created in the early Universe and contributions from individual sources. In this dissertation, I present the work done in Anandagoda (2019); Anandagoda et al. (2020, 2023) where type Ia (SNe Ia) and core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe) contributions to the diffuse neutrino and gamma-ray backgrounds in the MeV regime are studied. These backgrounds are referred to as DSNB and DSGB respectively. Based on this work, the diffuse SN Ia background is ~106 times lower (for electron antineutrinos) than the CCSN background making it negligible. The predicted DSNB electron antineutrino flux at earth in the …


Application Of Quantum Mechanical Techniques To Optical Waveguide Structures, Stuart Ward 2023 University of New Mexico

Application Of Quantum Mechanical Techniques To Optical Waveguide Structures, Stuart Ward

Physics & Astronomy ETDs

The focus of this dissertation is on the application of supersymmetric quantum mechanics to the problem of microbending in optical waveguides and on the analysis of soliton decay due solely to quantum mechanical effects.

The techniques of supersymmetric quantum mechanics are applied to the equation of motion describing light propagation in an optical waveguide which is undergoing microbending. Based on these supersymmetric techniques, given a particular refractive index profile, one may derive a new refractive index profile which results in less loss due to the microbending -- the particular example of the monomial index profile is analyzed in detail. An …


Near- And Far- Field Optical Response Of Ensembles Of Nanostructures, Lauren Zundel 2023 University of New Mexico

Near- And Far- Field Optical Response Of Ensembles Of Nanostructures, Lauren Zundel

Physics & Astronomy ETDs

The ability of metallic nanostructures to support collective oscillations of their conduction electrons, known as surface plasmons, makes them attractive candidates for a wide range of applications in areas as diverse as cancer therapy, biosensing, and solar energy harvesting. These applications are especially promising for periodic arrays of nanostructures, which can support collective modes known as lattice resonances, and for nanostructures with extreme aspect ratios that give rise to enhanced light-matter interaction. In this Thesis, we employ a coupled dipole model to theoretically explore the lattice resonances supported by complex arrays of nanoparticles containing multiple nanoparticles per unit cell. We …


Magmatic Processes Leading To Compositional Diversity In The Mars Crust, Amanda Marie Ostwald 2023 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Magmatic Processes Leading To Compositional Diversity In The Mars Crust, Amanda Marie Ostwald

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The ancient Mars crust can yield insights into planet formation and evolution that Earth cannot. Direct investigation of the martian surface is limited to studies on meteorites and rover-obtained analyses. The nakhlites and chassignites, two classes of martian meteorites, are together the largest suite of martian meteorites derived from a single location on the surface. As such, they present a rare opportunity to study the Mars crust in detail using samples bearing a contextual relationship. Rover studies have found a surprising amount of compositional diversity in surface materials, the formation mechanisms of which are not well-constrained. This dissertation leverages meteorites …


Computational And Experimental Study On Undoped And Er-Doped Lithium Tantalate Nanofluorescent Probes, Mkhitar A. Hobosyan, Andrea Pelayo Carvajal, Bhupendra B. Srivastava, Tamanna Zakia, Mohammed Jasim Uddin, Karen S. Martirosyan, Eric Rodriguez, Kofi Nketia Ackaah-Gyasi, Nicholas Dimakis 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Computational And Experimental Study On Undoped And Er-Doped Lithium Tantalate Nanofluorescent Probes, Mkhitar A. Hobosyan, Andrea Pelayo Carvajal, Bhupendra B. Srivastava, Tamanna Zakia, Mohammed Jasim Uddin, Karen S. Martirosyan, Eric Rodriguez, Kofi Nketia Ackaah-Gyasi, Nicholas Dimakis

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

We present a combined density functional theory (DFT) and experimental work on lithium tantalate LiTaO3 (LT) and its Er-doped counterparts. We calculate the electronic and optical properties for both LT and LT:Er+3, with Er occupying either Li or Ta sites, at 4.167 mol%. The generalized gradient approximation (GGA) calculations show that the Er-4 f bands appear closer to the conduction band bottom and to the valance band top, for the first and second doped configurations, respectively. This agrees with changes in the imaginary part of the frequency dependent dielectric function between the doped configurations. There are striking differences between the …


The Loneliest Galaxies In The Universe: A Gama And Galaxy Zoo Study On Void Galaxy Morphology, Lori E. Porter, Benne Holwerda, Sandor Kruk, Maritza Lara-López, Kevin A. Pimbblet, Christopher P A Henry, Sarah Casura, Lee S. Kelvin 2023 University of Louisville

The Loneliest Galaxies In The Universe: A Gama And Galaxy Zoo Study On Void Galaxy Morphology, Lori E. Porter, Benne Holwerda, Sandor Kruk, Maritza Lara-López, Kevin A. Pimbblet, Christopher P A Henry, Sarah Casura, Lee S. Kelvin

Faculty Scholarship

The large-scale structure of the Universe is comprised of galaxy filaments, tendrils, and voids. The majority of the Universe’s volume is taken up by these voids, which exist as underdense, but not empty, regions. The galaxies found inside these voids are expected to be some of the most isolated objects in the Universe. This study, using the Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) and Galaxy Zoo surveys, aims to investigate basic physical properties and morphology of void galaxies versus field (filament and tendril) galaxies. We use void galaxies with stellar masses (⁠M∗" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; …


Advancing Our Understanding Of Martian Proton Aurora Through A Coordinated Multi-Model Comparison Campaign, Andrea C. G. Hughes, Michael Scott Chaffin, Edwin J. Mierkiewicz, Justin Deighan, Rebecca Jolitz, Esa Kallio, Guillaume Gronof, Valery I. Shematovich, Dmitry Bisikalo, Cyril L. Simon Wedlund, Jasper S. Halekas, Nicholas M. Schneider, Birgit Ritter, Zachary Girazian, Sonal Jain, Jean-Claude M. C. G´erard, Bradley Michael Hegyi 2023 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center / Howard University

Advancing Our Understanding Of Martian Proton Aurora Through A Coordinated Multi-Model Comparison Campaign, Andrea C. G. Hughes, Michael Scott Chaffin, Edwin J. Mierkiewicz, Justin Deighan, Rebecca Jolitz, Esa Kallio, Guillaume Gronof, Valery I. Shematovich, Dmitry Bisikalo, Cyril L. Simon Wedlund, Jasper S. Halekas, Nicholas M. Schneider, Birgit Ritter, Zachary Girazian, Sonal Jain, Jean-Claude M. C. G´Erard, Bradley Michael Hegyi

Publications

Proton aurora are the most commonly observed yet least studied type of aurora at Mars. In order to better understand the physics and driving processes of Martian proton aurora, we undertake a multi-model comparison campaign. We compare results from four different proton/hydrogen precipitation models with unique abilities to represent Martian proton aurora: Jolitz model (3-D Monte Carlo), Kallio model (3-D Monte Carlo), Bisikalo/Shematovich et al. model (1-D kinetic Monte Carlo), and Gronoff et al. model (1-D kinetic). This campaign is divided into two steps: an inter-model comparison and a data-model comparison. The inter-model comparison entails modeling five different representative cases …


Connecting The Optical Regime To The X-Ray In Neutron Star Low Mass X-Ray Binaries, Alexander B. Igl 2023 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Connecting The Optical Regime To The X-Ray In Neutron Star Low Mass X-Ray Binaries, Alexander B. Igl

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Using Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer and Otto Struve Telescope data of low mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs) Cyg X-2 and Sco X-1, the optical regime’s relationship to the X-ray was investigated through several angles. Discrete cross correlations using the optical and X-ray data revealed evidence of reprocessing in both datasets. These were more consistently present in Sco X-1, where both small and obvious features were seen at less than 4 s of optical lag. The size of these lags makes it likely that most of the reprocessing is taking place on the accretion disk. Parameterization of the Z tracks led to …


A Method For Calculating Lateral Surface Area Of Bistatic Radar Beam Overlap, James I. Murray, Fredrick A. Jenet 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

A Method For Calculating Lateral Surface Area Of Bistatic Radar Beam Overlap, James I. Murray, Fredrick A. Jenet

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

It has been shown that bistatic radars using radio telescopes as receivers can be used to increase the sensitivity of orbital debris measurements over traditional terrestrial monostatic radar. A method to calculate the lateral surface area of a bistatic radar is needed to evaluate the efficacy of a proposed bistatic radar configuration for orbital debris measurements. For over three decades, models of the orbital debris (OD) environment in low Earth orbit (LEO) have been developed to assess the risk posed by OD to spacecraft. While terrestrial radar measures debris 3 mm and larger and in situ measurements provide data for …


What Is A Polygonal Impact Crater? A Proposed Framework Toward Quantifying Crater Shapes, Stuart J. Robbins, Jamie D. Riggs 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

What Is A Polygonal Impact Crater? A Proposed Framework Toward Quantifying Crater Shapes, Stuart J. Robbins, Jamie D. Riggs

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

Impact craters are used for a wide array of investigations of planetary surfaces. A crater form that is somewhat rare, forming only ∼10% of impact craters, is the polygonal impact crater (or PIC). These craters have been visually, manually identified as having at least two rim segments that are best represented as straight lines. Such straight lines or edges are most often used to infer details about the subsurface crust where faults control the structure of the crater cavity as it formed. The PIC literature is scant, but almost exclusively these craters are identified manually, and the potentially straight edges …


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