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The Loneliest Galaxies In The Universe: A Gama And Galaxy Zoo Study On Void Galaxy Morphology., Lori E. Porter 2023 University of Louisville

The Loneliest Galaxies In The Universe: A Gama And Galaxy Zoo Study On Void Galaxy Morphology., Lori E. Porter

College of Arts & Sciences Senior Honors Theses

The large-scale structure (LSS) of the Universe is comprised of galaxy filaments, tendrils, and voids. The majority of the Universe’s volume is taken up by these voids, which exist as underdense, but not empty, regions. The galaxies found inside voids are void galaxies and expected to be some of the most isolated objects in the Universe. However, their standard morphology remains poorly studied. This study, using the Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) data and Galaxy Zoo survey, aims to remedy this. For completeness purposes, we use void galaxies identified by Alpaslan et al. (2014) with stellar masses (M*) of 10 …


Table Of Contents, 2023 University of South Carolina

Table Of Contents

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Measurement Of Near-Threshold Proton Branching Ratios In 31s Important For Novae, Sudarsan Balakrishnan 2023 Louisiana State University

Measurement Of Near-Threshold Proton Branching Ratios In 31s Important For Novae, Sudarsan Balakrishnan

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Classical novae are stellar explosions that contribute to the nucleosynthesis of isotopes on the proton-rich side of the valley of stability up to 40Ca. In ONe novae, the incompletely understood reaction rate of 30P(p,γ)31S is known to strongly influence the production rate of several stable isotopes such as 30Si, 31P, and 32,33,34S. A precise measurement of this reaction rate has several potential implications towards matching astrophysical observables to the physical composition of the nova site -- the observed elemental abundance ratios of O/S and S/Al have been suggested as useful `thermometers' to gauge …


Wallaby Pilot Survey: Hi Gas Kinematics Of Galaxy Pairs In Cluster Environment, Shin-Jeong Kim, Se-Heon Oh, Jing Wang, Lister Staveley-Smith, Bärbel S. Koribalski, Minsu Kim, Hye-Jin Park, Shinna Kim, Kristine Spekkens, Juan P. Madrid 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Wallaby Pilot Survey: Hi Gas Kinematics Of Galaxy Pairs In Cluster Environment, Shin-Jeong Kim, Se-Heon Oh, Jing Wang, Lister Staveley-Smith, Bärbel S. Koribalski, Minsu Kim, Hye-Jin Park, Shinna Kim, Kristine Spekkens, Juan P. Madrid

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

We examine the HI gas kinematics of galaxy pairs in two clusters and a group using Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP) WALLABY pilot survey observations. We compare the HI properties of galaxy pair candidates in the Hydra I and Norma clusters, and the NGC 4636 group, with those of non-paired control galaxies selected in the same fields. We perform HI profile decomposition of the sample galaxies using a tool, {\sc baygaud} which allows us to de-blend a line-of-sight velocity profile with an optimal number of Gaussian components. We construct HI super-profiles of the sample galaxies via stacking of their …


Multifrequency Scintillation In The Polar Caps, Tate Colby 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Multifrequency Scintillation In The Polar Caps, Tate Colby

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

In the ionosphere, plasma density structures with scales sizes ranging from a few centimeters to hundreds of kilometers are capable of modifying the phase and amplitude of a radio signal in a rapid random manner in a process called scintillation. The Coherent Electromagnetic Radio Tomography (CERTO) and the Canadian High Arctic Ionospheric Network (CHAIN) are two different networks of scintillation receivers, each with a station in Resolute Bay, Canada. CERTO measures amplitude and phase signals in VHF and UHF while CHAIN measures amplitude and phase signals in the L-band. Through these measurements we can calculate the scintillation indexes, S_4 and …


Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama): The Dependence Of Star Formation On Surface Brightness In Low-Redshift Galaxies, S Phillipps, S Bellstedt, M N. Bremer, R De Propris, P A. James, S Casura, J Liske, B W. Holwerda 2022 University of Louisville

Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama): The Dependence Of Star Formation On Surface Brightness In Low-Redshift Galaxies, S Phillipps, S Bellstedt, M N. Bremer, R De Propris, P A. James, S Casura, J Liske, B W. Holwerda

Faculty Scholarship

The star-formation rate in galaxies is well known to correlate with stellar mass (the ‘star-forming main sequence’). Here, we extend this further to explore any additional dependence on galaxy surface brightness, a proxy for stellar mass surface density. We use a large sample of low-redshift (z ≤ 0.08) galaxies from the Galaxy And Mass Assembly survey which have both spectral energy distribution (SED) derived star-formation rates and photometric bulge-disc decompositions, the latter providing measures of disc surface brightness and disc masses. Using two samples, one of galaxies fitted by a single component with Sérsic index below 2 and one …


Dataset For Electronic And Optical Properties Of Y2o2s And Er Dopped Y2o2s Calculated Using Density Functional Theory And Simulated X-Ray Near Edge Spectra, N. Dimakis, Eric Baldemar Rodriguez Jr., Kofi Nketia Ackaah-Gyasi, Madhab Pokhrel 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Dataset For Electronic And Optical Properties Of Y2o2s And Er Dopped Y2o2s Calculated Using Density Functional Theory And Simulated X-Ray Near Edge Spectra, N. Dimakis, Eric Baldemar Rodriguez Jr., Kofi Nketia Ackaah-Gyasi, Madhab Pokhrel

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

The computational data presented in this paper refer to the research article “Optical properties and simulated x-ray near edge spectra for Y2O2S and Er doped Y2O2S”. We present the data used to calculate the structural, electronic, and optical properties of the Y2O2S and its Er+3 doped counterparts at various concentrations using density functional theory (DFT) and simulated X-ray near edge (XANES) spectra. We report electronic information from DFT and DFT+U generated from the Vienna Ab initio Simulation Package (VASP) using PAW pseudopotentials. We also report VASP calculated optical properties for the host Y2O2S using the independent particle approximation (IPA), the …


Core-Collapse Supernova Simulations With Spectral Two-Moment Neutrino Transport, Ran Chu 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Core-Collapse Supernova Simulations With Spectral Two-Moment Neutrino Transport, Ran Chu

Doctoral Dissertations

The primary focus of this dissertation is to develop a next-generation, state-of-the-art neutrino kinetics capability that will be used in the context of the next-generation, state-of-the-art core-collapse supernova (CCSN) simulation frameworks \thornado\ and \FLASH.\index{CCSN} \thornado\ is a \textbf{t}oolkit for \textbf{h}igh-\textbf{or}der \textbf{n}eutrino-r\textbf{ad}iation hydr\textbf{o}dynamics, which is a collection of modules that can be incorporated into a simulation code/framework, such as \FLASH, together with a nuclear equation of state (EOS)\index{EOS} library, such as the \WeakLib\ EOS tables. The first part of this work extends the \WeakLib\ code to compute neutrino interaction rates from~\cite{Bruenn_1985} and produce corresponding opacity tables.\index{Bruenn 1985} The processes of emission, …


Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama): Extended Intragroup Light In A Group At Z = 0.2 From Deep Hyper Suprime-Cam Images, Cristina Martínez-Lombilla, Sarah Brough, Mireia Montes, Roberto Baena-Gallé, Mohammad Akhlaghi, Raúl Infante-Sainz, Simon P. Driver, Benne W. Holwerda, Kevin A. Pimbblet, Aaron S G Robotham 2022 University of Louisville

Galaxy And Mass Assembly (Gama): Extended Intragroup Light In A Group At Z = 0.2 From Deep Hyper Suprime-Cam Images, Cristina Martínez-Lombilla, Sarah Brough, Mireia Montes, Roberto Baena-Gallé, Mohammad Akhlaghi, Raúl Infante-Sainz, Simon P. Driver, Benne W. Holwerda, Kevin A. Pimbblet, Aaron S G Robotham

Faculty Scholarship

We present a pilot study to assess the potential of Hyper Suprime-Cam Public Data Release 2 (HSC-PDR2) images for the analysis of extended faint structures within groups of galaxies. We examine the intragroup light (IGL) of the group 400138 (Mdyn = 1.3 ± 0.5 × 1013 M, z ∼ 0.2) from the Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey using Hyper Suprime-Cam Subaru Strategic Program Public Data Release 2 (HSC-SSP PDR2) images in g, r, and i bands. We present the most extended IGL measurement to date, reaching down to μglim=30.76" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; …


Wallaby Pilot Survey: Hi Gas Kinematics Of Galaxy Pairs In Cluster Environment, Shin-Jeong Kim, Minsu Kim, Hye-Jin Park, Shinna Kim, Bigiel Frank, Helga Denes, Bi-Qing For, Peter Kamphuis, Se-Heon Oh, Benne Holwerda, Kristen McQuinn, Juan Madrid, Ahmed Elagali, Gerhardt R. Meurer, Kristine Spekkens, Lister Staveley-Smith, Barbara Catinella, Nathan Deg, Karen Lee-Waddell, Jing Wang, Lourdes Verdes-Montenegro, Ivy Wong, Jonghwan Rhee 2022 University of Louisville

Wallaby Pilot Survey: Hi Gas Kinematics Of Galaxy Pairs In Cluster Environment, Shin-Jeong Kim, Minsu Kim, Hye-Jin Park, Shinna Kim, Bigiel Frank, Helga Denes, Bi-Qing For, Peter Kamphuis, Se-Heon Oh, Benne Holwerda, Kristen Mcquinn, Juan Madrid, Ahmed Elagali, Gerhardt R. Meurer, Kristine Spekkens, Lister Staveley-Smith, Barbara Catinella, Nathan Deg, Karen Lee-Waddell, Jing Wang, Lourdes Verdes-Montenegro, Ivy Wong, Jonghwan Rhee

Faculty Scholarship

We examine the H I gas kinematics of galaxy pairs in two clusters and a group using Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP) WALLABY pilot survey observations. We compare the H I properties of galaxy pair candidates in the Hydra I and Norma clusters, and the NGC 4636 group, with those of non-paired control galaxies selected in the same fields. We perform H I profile decomposition of the sample galaxies using a tool, BAYGAUD which allows us to de-blend a line-of-sight velocity profile with an optimal number of Gaussian components. We construct H I super-profiles of the sample galaxies via …


Collation Model For Ljs 64: [Illustrations To Georg Von Peurbach's Novae Theoricae Planetarum]., Dot Porter 2022 University of Pennsylvania

Collation Model For Ljs 64: [Illustrations To Georg Von Peurbach's Novae Theoricae Planetarum]., Dot Porter

Collation Models

Diagrams, many with moving parts, designed to accompany the work Theoricae novae planetarum by 15th-century Austrian astronomer Georg von Peurbach, who taught at the universities in Padua and Ferrara. The diagrams demonstrate increasingly complex planetary motion. An early 17th-century inscription on the first flyleaf refers to an edition of Peurbach published in Venice in 1616.


Collation Model For Ms. Codex 761: [Cosmographies]., Dot Porter 2022 University of Pennsylvania

Collation Model For Ms. Codex 761: [Cosmographies]., Dot Porter

Collation Models

Four ancient Greek cosmographies in Latin translation: Plato's Timaeus translated and with a commentary by Calcidius, Aristotle's De mundo translated by Ioannes Argyropoulos, Philo's De incorruptione mundi probably translated by Lilius Tifernas, and Cleomedes's De mundo translated by Carolus Valgulius.


Characteristics Of Kelvin-Helmholtz Waves As Observed By The Mms From September 2015 To June 2017, Katariina Nykyri, Xuanye Ma, Rachel C. Rice 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Characteristics Of Kelvin-Helmholtz Waves As Observed By The Mms From September 2015 To June 2017, Katariina Nykyri, Xuanye Ma, Rachel C. Rice

Publications

The Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission has presented a new opportunity to study the fine scale structures and phenomena of Earth’s magnetosphere, including cross scale processes associated with the Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability (KHI). We present an overview of 19 MMS observations of the KHI from September 2015 to June 2017. Unitless growth rates and unstable solid angles for each of the 19 events were calculated using 5 techniques to automatically detect plasma regions on either side of the magnetopause boundary. There was no apparent correlation between solar wind conditions during the KHI and its growth rate and unstable solid angle, though we …


Physics 516: Electromagnetic Phenomena (Spring 2023), Philip C. Nelson 2022 University of Pennsylvania

Physics 516: Electromagnetic Phenomena (Spring 2023), Philip C. Nelson

Department of Physics Papers

These course notes are made publicly available in the hope that they will be useful. All reports of errata will be gratefully received. I will also be glad to hear from anyone who reads them, whether or not you find errors: pcn@upenn.edu.


Electromagnetism In Quark Matter At Intermediate Densities, Efrain J. Ferrer 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Electromagnetism In Quark Matter At Intermediate Densities, Efrain J. Ferrer

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

Several anomalous electromagnetic effects that can take place in quark matter at low temperatures and intermediate densities will be discussed. The anomalous transport properties of the spatially inhomogeneous phase of quark matter known as the Magnetic Dual Chiral Density Wave (MDCDW) phase will be reviewed. Going beyond mean-field approximation, it will be shown how linearly polarized electromagnetic waves that penetrate the MDCDW medium mix with the phonon fluctuations to give rise to two hybridized modes of propagation called axion polaritons. Finally, some possible implications of these results for the astrophysics of neutron stars will be indicated.


All-Sky Search For Short Gravitational-Wave Bursts In The Third Advanced Ligo And Advanced Virgo Run, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration, KAGRA Collaboration, Tiffany Z. Summerscales 2022 Andrews University

All-Sky Search For Short Gravitational-Wave Bursts In The Third Advanced Ligo And Advanced Virgo Run, Ligo Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration, Kagra Collaboration, Tiffany Z. Summerscales

Faculty Publications

After the detection of gravitational waves from compact binary coalescences, the search for transient gravitational-wave signals with less well-defined waveforms for which matched filtering is not well suited is one of the frontiers for gravitational-wave astronomy. Broadly classified into “short” ≲1  s and “long” ≳1  s duration signals, these signals are expected from a variety of astrophysical processes, including non-axisymmetric deformations in magnetars or eccentric binary black hole coalescences. In this work, we present a search for long-duration gravitational-wave transients from Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo’s third observing run from April 2019 to March 2020. For this search, we use …


Devils: Cosmic Evolution Of Sed-Derived Metallicities And Their Connection To Star Formation Histories, Jessica E. Thorne, Aaron S G Robotham, Sabine Bellstedt, Luke J M Davies, Robin H W Cook, Luca Cortese, Benne Holwerda, Steven Phillipps, Malgorzata Siudek 2022 University of Louisville

Devils: Cosmic Evolution Of Sed-Derived Metallicities And Their Connection To Star Formation Histories, Jessica E. Thorne, Aaron S G Robotham, Sabine Bellstedt, Luke J M Davies, Robin H W Cook, Luca Cortese, Benne Holwerda, Steven Phillipps, Malgorzata Siudek

Faculty Scholarship

Gas-phase metallicities of galaxies are typically measured through auroral or nebular emission lines, but metallicity also leaves an imprint on the overall spectral energy distribution (SED) of a galaxy and can be estimated through SED fitting. We use the PROSPECT SED fitting code with a flexible parametric star formation history and an evolving metallicity history to self-consistently measure metallicities, stellar mass, and other galaxy properties for 90 000 galaxies from the Deep Extragalactic VIsible Legacy Survey (DEVILS) and Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey. We use these to trace the evolution of the mass–metallicity relation (MZR) and show that the …


Wallaby Pre-Pilot And Pilot Survey: The Tully Fisher Relation In Eridanus, Hydra, Norma And Ngc4636 Fields, Helene Courtois, Alexandra Dupuy, Kristen McQuinn, Lister Staveley-Smith, Danail Obreschkow, Edward Taylor, Benne Holwerda, Cullan Howlett, Frank Bigiel, Daniel Pomarede, Bi-Qing For, Tao Hong, Dane Kleiner, Thomas Jarrett, Ivy Wong, Jonghwan Rhee, Albert Bosma, Khaled Said, Tamara Davis, Igor Karachentsev, Matthew Colless, Renee Kraan-Korteweg, Nathan Deg, Kristine Spekkens, Karen Lee-Waddell, Jing Wang, Gerhardt R. Meurer 2022 University of Louisville

Wallaby Pre-Pilot And Pilot Survey: The Tully Fisher Relation In Eridanus, Hydra, Norma And Ngc4636 Fields, Helene Courtois, Alexandra Dupuy, Kristen Mcquinn, Lister Staveley-Smith, Danail Obreschkow, Edward Taylor, Benne Holwerda, Cullan Howlett, Frank Bigiel, Daniel Pomarede, Bi-Qing For, Tao Hong, Dane Kleiner, Thomas Jarrett, Ivy Wong, Jonghwan Rhee, Albert Bosma, Khaled Said, Tamara Davis, Igor Karachentsev, Matthew Colless, Renee Kraan-Korteweg, Nathan Deg, Kristine Spekkens, Karen Lee-Waddell, Jing Wang, Gerhardt R. Meurer

Faculty Scholarship

The WALLABY pilot survey has been conducted using the Australian SKA Pathfinder (ASKAP). The integrated 21-cm HI line spectra are formed in a very different manner compared to usual single-dish spectra Tully-Fisher measurements. It is thus extremely important to ensure that slight differences (e.g. biases due to missing flux) are quantified and understood in order to maximise the use of the large amount of data becoming available soon. This article is based on four fields for which the data are scientifically interesting by themselves. The pilot data discussed here consist of 614 galaxy spectra at a rest wavelength of 21cm. …


Collation Model For Ljs 361: [Astronomical And Astrological Tables]., Dot Porter 2022 University of Pennsylvania

Collation Model For Ljs 361: [Astronomical And Astrological Tables]., Dot Porter

Collation Models

Opening and closing sections of astronomical and astrological tables on either side of a remnant of commentaries on gospel and epistle readings. The opening section (f. 2r-9r) includes tables for calculating the day of the week for any day from 1204 to 1512; the Sunday letter from 1204 to 1736; the golden letter from 1215 to 1728; movable feasts; time variation according to latitude and longitude; the conjunction of the sun and moon from January to September from 1327 to 1367; and the hours of day and night in any day of the year, as well as lists of human …


Iterative Time-Domain Method For Resolving Multiple Gravitational Wave Sources In Pulsar Timing Array Data, Yi Qian Qian, Soumya D. Mohanty, Yan Wang 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Iterative Time-Domain Method For Resolving Multiple Gravitational Wave Sources In Pulsar Timing Array Data, Yi Qian Qian, Soumya D. Mohanty, Yan Wang

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations

The sensitivity of ongoing searches for gravitational wave (GW) sources in the ultra-low-frequency regime (10(-9) Hz to 10(-7) Hz) using pulsar timing arrays (PTAs) will continue to increase in the future as more well-timed pulsars are added to the arrays. It is expected that next-generation radio telescopes, namely, the Five-Hundred-Meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope (FAST) and the Square Kilometer Array (SKA), will grow the number of well-timed pulsars to O(10(3)). The higher sensitivity will result in greater distance reach for GW sources, uncovering multiple resolvable GW sources in addition to an unresolved population. Data analysis techniques that can search for …


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