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Comparative Susceptibility Of Eastern Cottontails And New Zealand White Rabbits To Classical Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease Virus (Rhdv) And Rhdv2, Fawzi Mohamed, Thomas Gidlewski, Mary L. Berninger, Heather M. Petrowski, Alexa J. Bracht, Carla Bravo de Rueda, Roger W. Barrette, Meredith Grady, Emily S. O'Hearn, Charles E. Lewis, Karen E. Moran, Tracy L. Sturgill, Lorenzo Capucci, J. Jeffrey Root 2022 USDA ARS Plum Island Animal Disease Center

Comparative Susceptibility Of Eastern Cottontails And New Zealand White Rabbits To Classical Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease Virus (Rhdv) And Rhdv2, Fawzi Mohamed, Thomas Gidlewski, Mary L. Berninger, Heather M. Petrowski, Alexa J. Bracht, Carla Bravo De Rueda, Roger W. Barrette, Meredith Grady, Emily S. O'Hearn, Charles E. Lewis, Karen E. Moran, Tracy L. Sturgill, Lorenzo Capucci, J. Jeffrey Root

USDA Wildlife Services - Staff Publications

Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) is associated with high morbidity and mortality in the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). In 2010, a genetically distinct RHDV named RHDV2 emerged in Europe and spread to many other regions, including North America in 2016. Prior to this study it was unknown if eastern cottontails (ECT(s); Sylvilagus floridanus), one of the most common wild lagomorphs in the United States, were susceptible to RHDV2. In this study, 10 wild-caught ECTs and 10 New Zealand white rabbits (NZWR(s); O. cuniculus) were each inoculated orally with either RHDV (RHDVa/GI.1a; n = 5 per species) or RHDV2 (a recombinant …


Genomic Tools Reveal Complex Social Organization Of An Invasive Large Mammal (Sus Scrofa), Chelsea L. Titus, Courtney F. Bowden, Timothy J. Smyser, Stephen L. Webb, James C. Beasley 2022 University of Georgia

Genomic Tools Reveal Complex Social Organization Of An Invasive Large Mammal (Sus Scrofa), Chelsea L. Titus, Courtney F. Bowden, Timothy J. Smyser, Stephen L. Webb, James C. Beasley

USDA Wildlife Services - Staff Publications

A comprehensive understanding of sociality in wildlife is vital to optimizing conservation and management efforts. However, sociality is complicated, especially for widely distributed species that exhibit substantive behavioral plasticity. Invasive wild pigs (Sus scrofa), often representing hybrids of European wild boar and domestic pigs, are among the most adaptable and widely distributed large mammals. The social structure of wild pigs is believed to be similar to European wild boar, consisting of matriarchal groups (sounders) and solitary males. However, wild pig social structure is understudied and largely limited to visual observations. Using a hierarchical approach, we incorporated genomic tools …


Hepatotoxicity In Acute And Subchronic Oral Gavage Of Ethanolic Extract Of Christia Vespertilionis (L.F.) Bakh. F. Leaf In Male Sprague Dawley Rats, Nurul S.A.S., Nurul S.A.S., Hazilawati H., Rosly S.M., Farhan Hanif M.R., Abdullahi A., Shanmugavelu S., Noordin M.M., Mazlina M., Azrina A., Norhaizan M.E. 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Hepatotoxicity In Acute And Subchronic Oral Gavage Of Ethanolic Extract Of Christia Vespertilionis (L.F.) Bakh. F. Leaf In Male Sprague Dawley Rats, Nurul S.A.S., Nurul S.A.S., Hazilawati H., Rosly S.M., Farhan Hanif M.R., Abdullahi A., Shanmugavelu S., Noordin M.M., Mazlina M., Azrina A., Norhaizan M.E.

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Increased interest in Christia vespertilionis (L.f.) Bakh. f. leaves is due to their real potential of their health-enhancing properties. This study aims to evaluate the possible in vivo toxicity in 14-day acute and 90-day subchronic oral toxicity of ethanolic extract Christia vespertilionis (L.f.) Bakh. f. in male Sprague Dawley rats. In the acute study, the rats were divided into control, 5% DMSO (vehicle) and 2000 mg/kg groups. For the subchronic toxicity study, a total of 30 rats were divided into five groups consisting of a control, 5% DMSO (vehicle), low dose (75 mg/kg), medium dose (125 mg/kg) and high dose …


Genomic And Phylogenetic Analysis Of The Orf7b Gene From A Chinese Feline Infectious Peritonitis Virus Isolate, Bo Dong, Bo Dong, Xiaodong Zhang, Xiaodong Zhang, Yafei Song, Chengyu Li, Gaoqiang Zhang, Weiming Lin 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Genomic And Phylogenetic Analysis Of The Orf7b Gene From A Chinese Feline Infectious Peritonitis Virus Isolate, Bo Dong, Bo Dong, Xiaodong Zhang, Xiaodong Zhang, Yafei Song, Chengyu Li, Gaoqiang Zhang, Weiming Lin

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

FCoV viruses exhibit great genetic diversity, leading to the presence of FIPV-causing variants. Current molecular evolution analysis and genetic variation studies of FCoV in China are predominately focused on gene encoding the spike protein or other structural proteins, while few studies have evaluated genetic variations in nonstructural FCoV genes, which can play an important role in disease pathogenesis. In this study, the gene encoding the open reading frame (ORF) 7b nonstructural FCoV protein of the Chinese Fujian strain FJLY20201 was amplified from the ascitic fluid of a Chinese domestic cat infected with FIPV and compared with ORF 7b from previously …


Feline Inductive Odontogenic Tumor In A Young Cat, Chakkarin Satthathum, Sunee Kunakornsawat, Chaiyan Kasorndorkbua 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Feline Inductive Odontogenic Tumor In A Young Cat, Chakkarin Satthathum, Sunee Kunakornsawat, Chaiyan Kasorndorkbua

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

A 6-month-old, 4.45 kg, intact, male domestic shorthair cat was presented with a gingival mass located on the left rostral maxilla and second left upper premolar tooth. Intraoral x-ray of the left rostral maxilla revealed left maxilla bone lysis with a unilocular cystic lesion. The cytology result revealed an epithelial cell tumor .A left rostral maxillectomy was performed and the tumor was submitted for histological assessment .Histopathological diagnosis of the tissue revealed a feline inductive odontogenic tumor .There was no evidence of tumor recurrence 24 months after surgery.


Detection And Phylogenetic Analysis Of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus Based On The Orf3 Gene In Pigs In The North Of Vietnam, Tran Duc Hoan, Doan Thi Thao, Nguyen Thi Huong Giang, Nguyen Thi Thu Huyen, Nguyen Thi Thu Huyen 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Detection And Phylogenetic Analysis Of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus Based On The Orf3 Gene In Pigs In The North Of Vietnam, Tran Duc Hoan, Doan Thi Thao, Nguyen Thi Huong Giang, Nguyen Thi Thu Huyen, Nguyen Thi Thu Huyen

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

To identify further the infectivity, genetic diversity and molecular characteristics of the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV). 286 samples of the intestinal tissue of pigs with severe diarrhea were assessed from 5 provinces in the north of Vietnam. The full-length ORF3 gene of 20 representative field strains from 36 farms in 5 provinces was sequenced and analyzed. The prevalence of PEDV was 90.56% and was detected in 259 of 286 samples, with 94.44% (34 of 36) of pig farms harboring the disease. Based on the phylogenetic analysis of the ORF3 genes, our isolates all fell into group G2 (variants) and …


Distribution Of Salmonella Spp. And Serovars Isolated From Captive Reptiles In Four Zoos Of The Zoological Park Organization, Thailand, Between 2017 And 2018, Sompoth Weerakhun, Paweena Kongsanan, Wichit Kongkham 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Distribution Of Salmonella Spp. And Serovars Isolated From Captive Reptiles In Four Zoos Of The Zoological Park Organization, Thailand, Between 2017 And 2018, Sompoth Weerakhun, Paweena Kongsanan, Wichit Kongkham

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Salmonellosis is the main reason for food borne diseases in many countries globally and it has been found that reptiles are carriers of the disease. Therefore, this study was performed to determine the distribution of Salmonella spp. and their serovars from reptiles in zoos in Thailand between 2017 and 2018. A total of 257 reptile samples were collected from four zoos which are Dusit (128 samples), Chiangmai (32 samples), Songkhla (34 samples) and Nakhonratchasima (63 samples). Salmonella was isolated and identified, serotyping of those isolates was investigated using a panel of Salmonella antisera and serotypes were characterized according to the …


Yield, Composition, Fatty Acid Profile And Cla Content Of Milk From Goats Fed With Different Levels Of Opf, Pitunart Noosen, Ulia Renfelia Baysi 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Yield, Composition, Fatty Acid Profile And Cla Content Of Milk From Goats Fed With Different Levels Of Opf, Pitunart Noosen, Ulia Renfelia Baysi

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different inclusion levels of OPF in total mixed ration (TMR)-based diet on yield, composition, FA profile and CLA content of milk in dairy goats. Six nulliparous female dairy goats (Saanen x Thai native, 19-21 months old, first lactation) were randomly set according to a 3x3 Latin square design with 2 replications for receiving diets consisted of 0% OPF (OPF0), 20% OPF (OPF20) and 40% OPF (OPF40). The average weight of the goats was 32.48±1.30 kg (mean±s.d.). The findings of this study showed that dry matter intake (DMI) and all …


Occurrence And Characteristics Of Salmonella Isolated From Various Vegetable Sources: Potential For The Human-Food Interface In Salmonellosis In Vientiane, The Capital Of Laos Pdr, Dethaloun Meunsene, Thanaporn Eiamsam-ang, Prapas Patchanee, Ratchadaporn Boripun, Phacharaporn Tadee, Sayaphet Rattanavong, Manivanh Vongsouvath, Pakpoom Tadee 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Occurrence And Characteristics Of Salmonella Isolated From Various Vegetable Sources: Potential For The Human-Food Interface In Salmonellosis In Vientiane, The Capital Of Laos Pdr, Dethaloun Meunsene, Thanaporn Eiamsam-Ang, Prapas Patchanee, Ratchadaporn Boripun, Phacharaporn Tadee, Sayaphet Rattanavong, Manivanh Vongsouvath, Pakpoom Tadee

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Salmonella is one of the most frequently reported causes of bacterial foodborne outbreaks in the world. Despite this, cases associated with raw vegetable consumption have increased, however very few studies have focused on this. The present study is an overview of the role of vegetables as a concern for Salmonella circulating in Vientiane, the capital of the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). A cross-sectional study was surveyed during the first half 2019 on various types of vegetable sold in retailers in the area. The prevalence, serotype, antimicrobial resistance pattern and genetic profile of Salmonella were investigated. In this study, …


Supplementation Of Extracellular Adenosine 5'-Triphosphate Improves Sperm Post-Thawed Quality In Thai Native Chickens, Phakjira Sanguansook, Junpen Suwimonteerabutr, Kaywalee Chatdarong 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Supplementation Of Extracellular Adenosine 5'-Triphosphate Improves Sperm Post-Thawed Quality In Thai Native Chickens, Phakjira Sanguansook, Junpen Suwimonteerabutr, Kaywalee Chatdarong

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Thai native chicken meat is a high-quality protein source of unique flavor. Genetic preservation and breeding programs are beneficial to maintain purebred populations. Aiming at improving post-thawed sperm quality, this study is the first to apply extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATPe) in freezing extender to preserve Thai native chicken sperm. Eight semen samples from eight Thai native chickens (n = 8) were included. Initial semen evaluation and sperm size measurement were performed. Beltsville poultry semen extender supplemented with 0 and 30 mM ATPe was served as a control and treatment group, respectively. After thawing, motility and motion characteristics were evaluated by …


Investigation Of The Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of The Domestic Cat’S Paw Pads, Ye Mei 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Investigation Of The Microstructure And Mechanical Properties Of The Domestic Cat’S Paw Pads, Ye Mei

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Domestic cats have a biological function such as cushioning when they are jumping or walking which is mainly due to the biological coupling system formed in the long-term evolution process of nature, including the trunk-leg-paw pad structure. Among them, the paw pad, as the only part of the body that directly contacts with the ground in the process of movement, plays a key role in its biological function. Hence, in order to clarify the micro structure, mechanical properties and functional characteristics of the paw pad and reveal the relationship between it and the domestic cat’s biological function, this paper has …


Amino Acid Profile Of Rabbit Meat: Dietary Intake And The Effect Of Freezing On The Amino Acid Composition, Alaa Eldin M.A. Morshdy, Wageh Sobhy Darwish, El Sayed S. El Sebay, EL-Shaimaa Mesallam Ali 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Amino Acid Profile Of Rabbit Meat: Dietary Intake And The Effect Of Freezing On The Amino Acid Composition, Alaa Eldin M.A. Morshdy, Wageh Sobhy Darwish, El Sayed S. El Sebay, El-Shaimaa Mesallam Ali

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Rabbit meat is considered as a healthy meat due to its high protein and low fat content. This study aimed at demonstrating the amino acids profile in three rabbit breeds, namely New Zealand White, California and Balady rabbits marketed in Egypt. In addition, the estimated daily intake (EDI) of amino acids due to the consumption of the rabbit meat were calculated. Furthermore, the effect of long frozen storage for different periods on the amino acid content of the New Zealand White rabbit meat was investigated as an experimental trial. The obtained results indicate a slight variation in the amino acid …


Serological Diagnostic For Bovine Paratuberculosis In The Municipality Of Sotaquirá, Colombia, Alejandra Buitrago-López, Alejandra Buitrago-López, Alejandra Buitrago-López, Diana M. Bulla-Castañeda, Adriana M. Díaz-Anaya, Diego J. Garcia-Corredor, Julio Tobón Torreglosa, Diego Ortiz Ortega, Martín O. Pulido-Medellín 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Serological Diagnostic For Bovine Paratuberculosis In The Municipality Of Sotaquirá, Colombia, Alejandra Buitrago-López, Alejandra Buitrago-López, Alejandra Buitrago-López, Diana M. Bulla-Castañeda, Adriana M. Díaz-Anaya, Diego J. Garcia-Corredor, Julio Tobón Torreglosa, Diego Ortiz Ortega, Martín O. Pulido-Medellín

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Bovine Paratuberculosis (BPT) or Johne’s disease is a pathology caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). The parasite causes chronic granulomatous enteritis in domestic and wild grazers. Oral-fecal transmission is the most common form of transmission with calves less than six months old being the most susceptible but not presenting clinical symptoms until five years later. It is a disease that spreads during dairy production generating economic loss due to low productive yield and the early discarding of infected animals. The objective of our study was to perform a serological diagnostic of BPT in herds from the municipality of Sotaquirá, …


Recombinant Scfv Inhibit Newcastle Disease Virus In Vitro Infection, Sanfeng Peng, Lintian Yu, Ying He, Dongyang Chen, Li Wang, Xueliang Zhou, Long Xie, Yangqing Lu 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Recombinant Scfv Inhibit Newcastle Disease Virus In Vitro Infection, Sanfeng Peng, Lintian Yu, Ying He, Dongyang Chen, Li Wang, Xueliang Zhou, Long Xie, Yangqing Lu

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Newcastle disease (ND) is an avian respiratory disease caused by the Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and is prevalent worldwide but lacks a reliable treatment to surmount it. The single-chain fragment variable (scFv) antibody is the smallest functional unit in an immunoglobulin retaining antigen-binding activities. Previous studies have demonstrated that by acting against the NDV phosphoprotein, scFv is capable of neutralizing the virus in infected cells. In this study, two anti-NDV scFv expressing cassettes driven by CAG promoter and EF1α promoter, respectively, were constructed using the piggyBac transposon plasmid backbone. The recombinant plasmids were transfected into DF-1 and 293T cells and …


Inconsistent And Multiple Bacterial Species From Different Sample Types Of Dogs With Urolithiasis And Bacterial Cystitis, Nantapatt Pridsadangbud, Chantamanee Chantarasiri, Nattanit Visitkitjakarn, Phitsinee Tantivimonkajor, Jitrapa Yindee, Nicole Sirisopit Mehl 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Inconsistent And Multiple Bacterial Species From Different Sample Types Of Dogs With Urolithiasis And Bacterial Cystitis, Nantapatt Pridsadangbud, Chantamanee Chantarasiri, Nattanit Visitkitjakarn, Phitsinee Tantivimonkajor, Jitrapa Yindee, Nicole Sirisopit Mehl

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Urinary tract infection is the most common complication found in dogs with urolithiasis. Bacterial cystitis can play an important role in dogs with urolithiasis; it can either be the cause of cystic formation or be a complication following urolithiasis. Moreover, urolithiasis cases that come with bacterial cystitis can lead to a condition of complicated cystitis which will require more complicated treatment and management. Proper bacterial identification should be performed in order to follow an appropriate treatment. Specific treatments require bacterial identification in order to select the most appropriate antibiotics. There are three main possible sites for bacterial sample collection in …


Immunochromatographic Test (Ict) For The Detection Of Antibody Against Alv-J, Guihua Wang, Yanming Wang, Ziqiang Cheng 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Immunochromatographic Test (Ict) For The Detection Of Antibody Against Alv-J, Guihua Wang, Yanming Wang, Ziqiang Cheng

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

ALV-J is an important pathogen in the poultry industry in China. In this study, we developed an immunochromatographic test (ICT) assay for the detection of antibody against of ALV-J to evaluate ALV-J infection. Gp85 protein of ALV-J was employed as a capture antigen. Antigen-antibody reaction was detected by either colloidal-gold conjugated gp85 protein or monoclonal antibody of ALV-J. The high consistency of results in ICT and ELISA indicated that the ICT is reliable. This suggests that the gp85-based ICT can be used as a rapid on-site diagnostic method of ALV-J.


Oxygenated Dressing Quickens Skin Wound Healing Of Bama Miniature Pigs, Yingqiu Wang, Limin Qiao, Hong An, Zhenhao Zhang, Yan Zheng, Chang Chen, Jingrui Zhang, Xiangguo Wang 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Oxygenated Dressing Quickens Skin Wound Healing Of Bama Miniature Pigs, Yingqiu Wang, Limin Qiao, Hong An, Zhenhao Zhang, Yan Zheng, Chang Chen, Jingrui Zhang, Xiangguo Wang

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Oxygen is a vital factor in the process of wound healing and is involved in collagen synthesis, synthesis and the release of growth factors, angiogenesis and epidermal cell contraction. Hence, local oxygen control of wounds plays an important role in skin wound healing. Herein, we developed a novel oxygenated dressing for the treatment of skin wound healing in Bama miniature pigs. The oxygenated dressing was mainly composed of potassium iodide, glucose, glucose oxidase, polyvinyl alcohol, polypropylene, polyvinylpyrrolidone and water. The oxygenated dressing significantly quickens the healing of full-thickness skin wounds in Bama miniature pigs and promotes the proliferation of epidermal …


Stifle Joint Reconstruction Technique Using Fascia Lata In A Cat With Cranial Cruciate Ligament Rupture, Hern-Yeu Lee, Wei-Yau Shia, Tien-Huan Hsu, Wei-Ming Lee 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Stifle Joint Reconstruction Technique Using Fascia Lata In A Cat With Cranial Cruciate Ligament Rupture, Hern-Yeu Lee, Wei-Yau Shia, Tien-Huan Hsu, Wei-Ming Lee

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

A two-year-old spayed female mongrel cat presenting with right hind limb lameness with intermittent weight bearing while walking was taken to the veterinary medicine teaching hospital of National Chung Hsing University. Both drawer test and tibial compression test were positive, stifle radiography showed synovial fluid had become more radiopaque. The tentative diagnosis for the cat was rupture of the right cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL), medical management using corticosteroids was prescribed with anticoagulants and surgical treatment recommended. Intracapsular reconstruction was performed and the postoperative recovery of this cat presented normal physical status with improved right hind limb weight-bearing activity. This report …


Mycotic Pyogranulomatous Enteritis In A German Shepherd: Imaging Diagnosis And Treatment, Phasamon Saisawart, Somchin Sutthigran, Apichart Srifawattana, Onjira Mitroupathum, Tanhatai Krajarngjang, Anudep Rungsipipat, Nan Choisunirachon 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Mycotic Pyogranulomatous Enteritis In A German Shepherd: Imaging Diagnosis And Treatment, Phasamon Saisawart, Somchin Sutthigran, Apichart Srifawattana, Onjira Mitroupathum, Tanhatai Krajarngjang, Anudep Rungsipipat, Nan Choisunirachon

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

A five-year old, intact male, German Shepherd dog was presented to the hospital due to a history of depression, anorexia, vomiting and diarrhea. Physical examination revealed moderate emaciation and showed mild abdominal pain when Palpation. Abdominal radiographs and ultrasounds showed the distension of the small bowel loop due to partial obstruction of the colon by mural concentric thickening. Computed tomography (CT) scan showed an homogeneous, soft tissue mass with asymmetric thickening of the cecum traversing the colonic wall. Pre-operative blood profiles indicated normocytic normochromic mild anemia, hypoalbuminemia and mild hyperglobulinemia. Intestinal resection and anastomosis at the distal ileum to the …


Gangliosidoses In Cats, Latticha Pluemhathaikij, Waruntip Bunyaputikul, Katriya Chankow, Benchaphorn Limcharoen, Nardtiwa Chaivoravitsakul, Rampaipat Penchome, Sawang Kesdangsakonwut, Kasem Rattanapinyopituk, Wijit Banlunara 2022 Chulalongkorn University

Gangliosidoses In Cats, Latticha Pluemhathaikij, Waruntip Bunyaputikul, Katriya Chankow, Benchaphorn Limcharoen, Nardtiwa Chaivoravitsakul, Rampaipat Penchome, Sawang Kesdangsakonwut, Kasem Rattanapinyopituk, Wijit Banlunara

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Two 3-month-old, male, domestic short hair, cats of the same litter were presented to the small animal teaching hospital with the clinical sign of head tremor for 2 weeks. Three months later, the clinical sign had worsened. Both kittens had loss of balance and showed intention tremor. Physical examination revealed hypertelorism, depressed bridge of the nose and back pain. Radiography showed shortened cervicothoracic vertebral bodies. Both kittens died at 8 and 9 months of age, case no.1 and 2 respectively. Both carcasses were submitted for necropsy. Both brains were grossly normal. The costal cartilages of both cats were deformed into …


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