Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Veterinary Medicine Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

10,146 Full-Text Articles 22,675 Authors 2,917,404 Downloads 123 Institutions

All Articles in Veterinary Medicine

Faceted Search

10,146 full-text articles. Page 6 of 285.

Evaluation Of Different Stocking Densities On Fattening Performance, Slaughter, Carcass, Meat Quality Characteristics, And Fatty Acid Composition In New Zealand Rabbits, BÜŞRA YARANOĞLU, MUSTAFA HİLMİ YARANOĞLU, SALİHA UYSAL, ADNAN ADİL HİŞMİOĞULLARI 2023 TÜBİTAK

Evaluation Of Different Stocking Densities On Fattening Performance, Slaughter, Carcass, Meat Quality Characteristics, And Fatty Acid Composition In New Zealand Rabbits, Büşra Yaranoğlu, Mustafa Hi̇lmi̇ Yaranoğlu, Sali̇ha Uysal, Adnan Adi̇l Hi̇şmi̇oğullari

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of the research was to investigate the effects of different stocking densities on fattening performance, slaughter, carcass, meat quality characteristics, and fatty acid composition in New Zealand rabbits raised in cage conditions and also determine the ideal housing frequency so that yields were not adversely affected. In the study, 36 New Zealand rabbits were used. After weaning, the fattening was started and rabbits were put into cages at different stocking densities as 1 rabbit/cage, 2 rabbits/cage, and 3 rabbits/ cage. The live weight of rabbits and feed consumption data were taken every week. At the end of 8 …


Effect Of Feeding Frequency On Growth, Fecundity, And Meat Quality Of Abant Trout (Salmo Abanticus Tortonese, 1954) Broodstock, MEHMET ZEKİ ALKAN, NADİR BAŞÇINAR 2023 TÜBİTAK

Effect Of Feeding Frequency On Growth, Fecundity, And Meat Quality Of Abant Trout (Salmo Abanticus Tortonese, 1954) Broodstock, Mehmet Zeki̇ Alkan, Nadi̇r Başçinar

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study was carried out to investigate the growth data, egg production and changes in the biochemical structure of meat of Abant trout depending on feeding frequency (once a day, twice a day, three times a day, four times a day) in order to contribute to the economy through the private sector. All fish in the groups were planned to be of similar weight at the beginning of the study. Individual fish weights were measured at the beginning of the study, and the average was found to be 224.87 ± 0.69 g. At the end of the study, the weights …


Expression Of Hif-1Α, Caspase-3, P53, Hsp70, Hsp90, And Nrf2 In The Canine Spleen With Siderofibrotic Nodules: An Immunohistochemical And Immunofluorescence Perspective On Apoptosis, Ferroptosis, And Oxidative Stress, ALI BABANEZHAD-GAJOUTI, AMIR AMNIATTALAB 2023 TÜBİTAK

Expression Of Hif-1Α, Caspase-3, P53, Hsp70, Hsp90, And Nrf2 In The Canine Spleen With Siderofibrotic Nodules: An Immunohistochemical And Immunofluorescence Perspective On Apoptosis, Ferroptosis, And Oxidative Stress, Ali Babanezhad-Gajouti, Amir Amniattalab

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Splenic siderofibrotic nodules (SFNs) are benign tiny yellow-brownish foci found in dogs. Their pathogenesis is unclear whereas trauma and hemorrhage are assumed to be the possible causative factors. The spleen of 73 Iranian dogs of the mixed breed was examined for possible splenomegaly with SFNs. Ultrasonography, blood biochemistry, pathology, and immunohistochemistry revealed splenomegaly (n = 7), splenomegaly with SFNs (n = 6) and normal spleens (n = 60). There was no significant difference between the prevalence of splenomegaly with SFN among the examined dogs and their age or sex (p > 0.05). Ultrasonography represented a significant increase (p ≤ 0.01) in …


Impact Of Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia Illucens) Fresh Meal On The Growth Performance, Digestive Enzymes, Hematology, And Intestinal Histology Of Cork Fish (Channa Striata), BOBY MUSLIMIN, DANANG YONARTA, ENY HERIYATI, HELMIZURYANI HELMIZURYANI, MEIKA PUSPITA SARI, DEWI APRIYANTI, RAHMAT KURNIAWAN 2023 TÜBİTAK

Impact Of Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia Illucens) Fresh Meal On The Growth Performance, Digestive Enzymes, Hematology, And Intestinal Histology Of Cork Fish (Channa Striata), Boby Muslimin, Danang Yonarta, Eny Heriyati, Helmizuryani Helmizuryani, Meika Puspita Sari, Dewi Apriyanti, Rahmat Kurniawan

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Black Soldier Fly (BSF) is an alternative ingredient for Fish Meal (FM) which is expected to reduce aquaculture operational costs and positively impact fish growth and health. The effect of BSF fresh meal on growth response, digestibility, intestinal hematology, and intestinal histology of cork fish was investigated. The BSF experiment with mixed percentages as treatments, by 20%, 50%, 80%, and 100%, was repeated four times. Furthermore, there were 50 individuals/m3 cork fish with an average weight of 1.6 ± 0.05 g distributed in each treatment. An increase in BSF influences a significant decrease in the Relative Growth Weight (RGW) and …


Stereological Investigation Of Medulla Oblongata Volume In Norduz Sheep, OZAN ERTAŞ, GAMZE ÇAKMAK 2023 TÜBİTAK

Stereological Investigation Of Medulla Oblongata Volume In Norduz Sheep, Ozan Ertaş, Gamze Çakmak

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

In this study, it was aimed to stereologically examine the medulla oblongata volume of Norduz sheep in the Gürpınar District of Van Province. Upon receiving news from the sections in the Gürpınar region, we went to the region. A total of 12 Norduz sheep skulls, 6 females and 6 males, were received from the Norduz sheep slaughter in the region. After the brains of Norduz sheep were dissected, they were fixed as a whole in formaldehyde for 1 week. Medulla oblongatas were separated from the brain and kept in formaldehyde for 1 week. Tissues obtained by sequential random sampling from …


In Vitro Antimicrobial And Antibiofilm-Forming Activities Of Origanum Munzurense Plant Extract On Some Foodborne Gram-Negative Bacteria, HALİL YALÇIN, ESRA ZEYBEK, OKTAY ÖZKAN, ASIM KART 2023 TÜBİTAK

In Vitro Antimicrobial And Antibiofilm-Forming Activities Of Origanum Munzurense Plant Extract On Some Foodborne Gram-Negative Bacteria, Hali̇l Yalçin, Esra Zeybek, Oktay Özkan, Asim Kart

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

lants are an important source for the discovery of antimicrobial formulations due to the many biologically active components they contain. In this study, in vitro antimicrobial and antibiofilm forming activities of ethanolic extract of Origanum munzurense were investigated against some strains of foodborne pathogenic bacteria. To investigate the antimicrobial activity, the minimal inhibitory concentration values against the selected bacteria and antibiofilm-forming activity were tested with the liquid microdilution method and microplate method, respectively. MICs of Origanum munzurense extract against the bacteria tested are 32 mg/mL for Escherichia coli O157: H7 ATCC 35150, 32 mg/mL for Escherichia coli O157: H7 ATCC …


The First Data Of A Newly Recorded Native Goat Genotype Called Manavlı In Türkiye: Growth Traits Of Kids, AYKUT ASIM AKBAŞ, MUSTAFA SAATCI, ÖZKAN ELMAZ, CAN METİN YAZICI 2023 TÜBİTAK

The First Data Of A Newly Recorded Native Goat Genotype Called Manavlı In Türkiye: Growth Traits Of Kids, Aykut Asim Akbaş, Mustafa Saatci, Özkan Elmaz, Can Meti̇n Yazici

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study aimed to define growth traits of kids named Manavlı goat from six flocks under the breeder?s conditions in Denizli Province. The average birth weights of the kids were 3.63 kg, 4.28 kg, 3.85 kg, 4.11 kg, 3.83 kg, and 3.64 kg for the six flocks, respectively. The average live weights of male and female kids on 60th, 90th, and 150th day of age were 16.50 kg, 22.35 kg, and 34.82 kg and 15.33 kg, 20.14 kg, and 32.06 kg, respectively (p < 0.05). While the average live weights of single kids on 60th, 90th were 16.70 kg and 21.96 kg, the values for twins were 15.13 kg and 21.03 kg, respectively (p < 0.05). Body measurements of male kids such as height at withers, rump height, rump width, body length, heart girth, head length, ear length, tail length, and front and back wrist girth were measured as 70.26 cm, 70.21 cm, 16.23 cm, 66.80 cm, 70.11 cm, 19.51 cm, 22.16 cm, 18.59 cm, 11.85 cm, and 11.57 cm, respectively, on the 150th day of age. This study is the first research related to growth traits of Manavlı kids, for which no features have been reported to date. It was thought that the results obtained will help to characterise the Manavlı goat and will provide a database for the following studies.


The Devil You Know And The Devil You Don’T: Current Status And Challenges Of Bovine Tuberculosis Eradication In The United States, Daniel J. O'Brien, Tyler C. Thacker, Liliana C.M. Salvador, Anthony G. Duffiney, Suelee Robbe‑Austerman, Mark S. Camacho, Jason E. Lombard, Mitchell V. Palmer 2023 Michigan Department of Natural Resources

The Devil You Know And The Devil You Don’T: Current Status And Challenges Of Bovine Tuberculosis Eradication In The United States, Daniel J. O'Brien, Tyler C. Thacker, Liliana C.M. Salvador, Anthony G. Duffiney, Suelee Robbe‑Austerman, Mark S. Camacho, Jason E. Lombard, Mitchell V. Palmer

USDA Wildlife Services: Staff Publications

Having entered into its second century, the eradication program for bovine tuberculosis (bTB, caused by Mycobacterium bovis) in the United States of America occupies a position both enviable and daunting. Excepting four counties in Michigan comprising only 6109 km2 (0.06% of US land area) classified as Modified Accredited, as of April 2022 the entire country was considered Accredited Free of bTB by the US Department of Agriculture for cattle and bison. On the surface, the now well-described circumstances of endemic bTB in Michigan, where white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) serve as a free-ranging wildlife maintenance host, may appear to be …


Evaluation Of The Virulence Potential Of Avian Pathogenic Escherichia Coli Isolated From Broiler Breeders With Colibacillosis In Mississippi, Jiddu Joseph 2023 Mississippi State University

Evaluation Of The Virulence Potential Of Avian Pathogenic Escherichia Coli Isolated From Broiler Breeders With Colibacillosis In Mississippi, Jiddu Joseph

Theses and Dissertations

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is a bacterium that is responsible for colibacillosis in birds. However, information about broiler breeder APEC isolates is limited, but the data is critical due to the transfer of this bacteria down the production pyramid to progenies resulting in high mortality. Therefore, we evaluated the phenotypic virulence characteristics of 28 isolates using embryo lethality and day-old chick challenge assays. Also, the in vitro adhesion and invasion potential of selected nine isolates were identified. Results showed more than 1/3rd of the isolates were highly virulent and the virulence increased as the number of virulence-associated genes …


The Effect Of An Aiming Device On The Accuracy Of Humeral Transcondylar Screw Placement, Katherine Neal 2023 Mississippi State University

The Effect Of An Aiming Device On The Accuracy Of Humeral Transcondylar Screw Placement, Katherine Neal

Theses and Dissertations

Canine cadaveric forelimbs (136) were randomly assigned to either treatment (aiming device) or control (fluoroscopic-guided) groups, and to either diplomate or resident for humeral transcondylar screw placement. Each limb underwent a transcondylar humeral screw placement from a lateral to medial direction. Digital radiography was used to evaluate screw trajectory, measured as deviation from the epicondylar line, and eccentricity on the humeral condyle. Procedure time, difference in outcome based on experience level, and complications were recorded. In the right limb, screw trajectory with the aiming device was decreased compared to fluoroscopy. There was no difference of accuracy between leg laterality with …


Comparison Of Aging Techniques In Wild Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops Truncatus) Of Unknown Age From The Mississippi Sound., Christa Elizabeth Barrett 2023 Mississippi State University

Comparison Of Aging Techniques In Wild Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops Truncatus) Of Unknown Age From The Mississippi Sound., Christa Elizabeth Barrett

Theses and Dissertations

Age determination of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) is a critical tool in understanding their health. There are many methods of aging dolphins including morphometrics, counting growth layer groups (GLGs) of teeth, comparing dentin to pulp cavity ratio on dental radiographs, analysis of the pectoral flipper radiographs, and epigenetic testing. The most common method for aging toothed cetaceans is the counting of GLGs in the teeth. Since there are many challenges associated with aging dolphins based on the counting of GLGs, a processing technique that results in better resolution of GLGs is needed. This is a two-part study that …


Cryptosporidiosis In An Alpaca Cria Secondary To Prolongedantimicrobial Administration, Heidi M. Wyrosdick, Caroline Griffin, John J. Schaefer, Joseph Smith 2023 UTK CVM BDS

Cryptosporidiosis In An Alpaca Cria Secondary To Prolongedantimicrobial Administration, Heidi M. Wyrosdick, Caroline Griffin, John J. Schaefer, Joseph Smith

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Large Animal Clinical Sciences

No abstract provided.


Leveraging Eco-Evolutionary Models For Gene Drive Risk Assessment, Matthew A. Combs, Andrew J. Golnar, Justin M. Overcash, Alun L. Lloyd, Keith R. Hayes, David A. O'Brochta, Kim M. Pepin 2023 NWRC, Fort Collins, CO

Leveraging Eco-Evolutionary Models For Gene Drive Risk Assessment, Matthew A. Combs, Andrew J. Golnar, Justin M. Overcash, Alun L. Lloyd, Keith R. Hayes, David A. O'Brochta, Kim M. Pepin

USDA Wildlife Services: Staff Publications

Engineered gene drives create potential for both widespread benefits and irreversible harms to ecosystems. CRISPR-based systems of allelic conversion have rapidly accelerated gene drive research across diverse taxa, putting field trials and their necessary risk assessments on the horizon. Dynamic processbased models provide flexible quantitative platforms to predict gene drive outcomes in the context of system-specific ecological and evolutionary features. Here, we synthesize gene drive dynamic modeling studies to highlight research trends, knowledge gaps, and emergent principles, organized around their genetic, demographic, spatial, environmental, and implementation features. We identify the phenomena that most significantly influence model predictions, discuss limitations of …


A Literature Review Of The Psychosocial Impacts On Livestock Producers And Veterinary Responders Involved With Depopulation During And After An Animal Health Emergency, Beth Galles 2023 University of Nebraska Medical Center

A Literature Review Of The Psychosocial Impacts On Livestock Producers And Veterinary Responders Involved With Depopulation During And After An Animal Health Emergency, Beth Galles

Capstone Experience

A vital aspect of an animal health emergency in the United States is removing and disposing of diseased and healthy animals through depopulation. It is frequently required to prevent the spread of diseases that affect human health or economic stability. Production animals are eventually slaughtered, but this does not negate the human-animal bond felt between these animals and their caretakers. There is increasing recognition that participation in depopulation may be a traumatic event requiring care for the individuals involved, including livestock producers and veterinarians. Despite this, limited resources are available for these individuals when an animal health emergency occurs. This …


Black Bear Population Health Monitoring In The Southeast, Kathleen Elizabeth Riese 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Black Bear Population Health Monitoring In The Southeast, Kathleen Elizabeth Riese

Masters Theses

Recent growth of the American black bear (Ursus americanus) population in the southeast raises concerns about the potential spread of density-dependent diseases among bears, particularly sarcoptic mange. However, research on the health of bears in this area is limited. We analyzed samples from 169 bears in the region. We performed Knotts tests, skin scrapes, fecal floats; Canine adenovirus (CAV), canine parvovirus (CPV), canine distemper virus (CDV), and Toxoplasma gondii serology, Trypanosoma, Rickettsia rickettsii, and apicomplexan PCR, and identified ecto- and endoparasites found grossly or histologically. We found that 69% (63 of 91) had microfilaria; genetic analysis identified …


Harnessing Autoimmunity With Dominant Self-Peptide: Modulating The Sustainability Of Tissue-Preferential Antigen-Specific Tregs By Governing The Binding Stability Via Peptide Flanking Residues, Youwei Lin, Shun Sakuraba, Chandirasegaran Massilamany, Jayagopala Reddy, Yoshimasa Tanaka, Sachiko Miyake, Takashi Yamamura 2023 National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry

Harnessing Autoimmunity With Dominant Self-Peptide: Modulating The Sustainability Of Tissue-Preferential Antigen-Specific Tregs By Governing The Binding Stability Via Peptide Flanking Residues, Youwei Lin, Shun Sakuraba, Chandirasegaran Massilamany, Jayagopala Reddy, Yoshimasa Tanaka, Sachiko Miyake, Takashi Yamamura

School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences: Faculty Publications

Sensitization to self-peptides induces various immunological responses, from autoimmunity to tumor immunity, depending on the peptide sequence; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear, and thus, curative therapeutic options considering immunity balance are limited. Herein, two overlapping dominant peptides of myelin proteolipid protein, PLP136-150 and PLP139-151, which induce different forms of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), monophasic and relapsing EAE, respectively, were investigated. Mice with monophasic EAE exhibited highly resistant to EAE re-induction with any encephalitogenic peptides, whereas mice with relapsing EAE were susceptible, and progressed, to EAE re-induction. This resistance to relapse and reinduction in monophasic EAE mice was associated with …


The Knowns And Unknowns Of Cardiac Autoimmunity In Viral Myocarditis, Kiruthiga Mone, Jay Reddy 2023 University of Nebraska‐Lincoln

The Knowns And Unknowns Of Cardiac Autoimmunity In Viral Myocarditis, Kiruthiga Mone, Jay Reddy

School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences: Faculty Publications

Myocarditis can result from various infectious and non‐infectious causes that can lead to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and heart failure. Among the infectious causes, viruses are commonly suspected. But the challenge is our inability to demonstrate infectious viral particles during clinical presentations, partly because by that point, the viruses would have damaged the tissues and be cleared by the immune system. Therefore, viral signatures such as viral nucleic acids and virus-reactive antibodies may be the only readouts pointing to viruses as potential primary triggers of DCM. Thus, it becomes hard to explain persistent inflammatory infiltrates that might occur in individuals affected …


Devoting Continuous Efforts To Innovations And Development Of Ruminant Livestock Life-Cycle Nutrition Program, Zhixiong HE, Zhaomin HU, Hongsheng WANG, Jinzhen JIAO, Xuefeng HAN, Yong LIU, Shaoxun TANG, Chuanshe ZHOU, Min WANG, Zhiliang TAN 2023 CAS Key Laboratory for Agro-Ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha 410125, China College of Advanced Agricultural Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Devoting Continuous Efforts To Innovations And Development Of Ruminant Livestock Life-Cycle Nutrition Program, Zhixiong He, Zhaomin Hu, Hongsheng Wang, Jinzhen Jiao, Xuefeng Han, Yong Liu, Shaoxun Tang, Chuanshe Zhou, Min Wang, Zhiliang Tan

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Ruminant livestock such as cattle and sheep can provide high-quality beef, mutton and milk, which are high-quality protein sources meeting the increasingly diverse food consumption needs for human being. Developing high-quality herbivorous animal husbandry is a concrete practice of practicing the “Greater Food” approach. The precise supply of forages and concentrates meeting the requirements of all nutrients in the whole life cycle is vital for cost saving and efficiency increasing of ruminant livestock industry, which is an important way to high-quality development. The whole life cycle nutrition is developed on the basis of traditional ruminant nutrition and new technologies made …


Nerve Transfer For Restoration Of Lower Motor Neuron-Lesioned Bladder, Urethral, And Anal Sphincter Function In A Dog Model. Part 3. Nicotinic Receptor Characterization, Nagat Frara, Mary F. Barbe, Dania Giaddui, Danielle S. Porreca, Alan S. Braverman, Ekta Tiwari, Attia Ahmad, Justin M. Brown, Benjamin R. Johnston, Stanley F. Bazarek, Michael R. Ruggieri 2023 Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Nerve Transfer For Restoration Of Lower Motor Neuron-Lesioned Bladder, Urethral, And Anal Sphincter Function In A Dog Model. Part 3. Nicotinic Receptor Characterization, Nagat Frara, Mary F. Barbe, Dania Giaddui, Danielle S. Porreca, Alan S. Braverman, Ekta Tiwari, Attia Ahmad, Justin M. Brown, Benjamin R. Johnston, Stanley F. Bazarek, Michael R. Ruggieri

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Very little is known about the physiological role of nicotinic receptors in canine bladders, although functional nicotinic receptors have been reported in bladders of many species. Utilizing in vitro methods, we evaluated nicotinic receptors mediating bladder function in dogs: control (9 female and 11 male normal controls, 5 sham operated), Decentralized (9 females, decentralized 6–21 mo), and obturator-to-pelvic nerve transfer reinnervated (ObNT-Reinn; 9 females; decentralized 9–13 mo, then reinnervated with 8–12 mo recovery). Muscle strips were collected, mucosa-denuded, and mounted in muscle baths before incubation with neurotransmitter antagonists, and contractions to the nicotinic receptor agonist epibatidine were determined. Strip response …


Delayed Urethral Obstruction After Migration Of A Ballistic Pellet In An Alpine Wether, Joseph Smith 2023 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Delayed Urethral Obstruction After Migration Of A Ballistic Pellet In An Alpine Wether, Joseph Smith

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Large Animal Clinical Sciences

A one-year-old alpine wether was presented for emergency evaluation of stranguria. Diagnostics identified a moderately distended bladder and mild dehydration. Preliminary lateral radiographs identified two metallic structures consistent with projectile pellets in the pelvic and perineal regions and no evidence of radiopaque uroliths. A tube cystostomy was performed, and a contrast urethrogram revealed one of the pellets in the perineal region was in proximity to the urethral obstruction. Subsequent radiography and ultrasound identified the pellet as being within the lumen of the urethra. Examination of the trichotomized skin revealed two scars, including a scar over the paralumbar fossa in the …


Digital Commons powered by bepress