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Proceedings Of The 2022 Icap Conference, International Consortium of Ankylofrenula Professionals 2022 International Association of Orofacial Myology

Proceedings Of The 2022 Icap Conference, International Consortium Of Ankylofrenula Professionals

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

The International Consortium of Ankylofrenula Professional (ICAP) held its 2022 Conference in Vancouver, Canada from September 1 to 4, 2022, titled ‘Untangling Ankylofrenula: Collaborative Approaches to Best Practice Management’. The Conference Proceedings includes abstracts and summaries of plenary, concurrent, lightning and virtual presentations.


The Impact Of The Labial Flange And Artificial Teeth On Lip Support In Elderly Patients With Maxillary Complete Dentures, Aiemeeza Rajali, Nor Wati @ Nur Atikah Mustafa, Muhamad Zafir Ashman Zulkiflee, Ain Najihah Abd Rahman, Rohana Ahmad 2022 Centre of Studies for Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Sg Buloh Campus, Selangor, Malaysia

The Impact Of The Labial Flange And Artificial Teeth On Lip Support In Elderly Patients With Maxillary Complete Dentures, Aiemeeza Rajali, Nor Wati @ Nur Atikah Mustafa, Muhamad Zafir Ashman Zulkiflee, Ain Najihah Abd Rahman, Rohana Ahmad

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Both maxillary complete denture’s labial flange and anterior artificial teeth play important roles in re-establish major support for the upper lip of elderly patients. However, whether the labial flange can be removed and still perceived as aesthetic remain unclear. Objective: To determine the perception of young adults toward the effect of a labial flange and anterior teeth on lip support of an elderly with maxillary complete dentures. Methods: A total of 64 young adults were recruited to evaluate the lip support for facial aesthetics of 30 full-face photographs in 3 different states: with an original complete denture (CD), …


Uncut Enamel For Optimizing Bonded Composite Restoration On Multiple Diastema Closure Cases, Citra Kusumasari, Meiken Hayashi, Yasushi Shimada 2022 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Uncut Enamel For Optimizing Bonded Composite Restoration On Multiple Diastema Closure Cases, Citra Kusumasari, Meiken Hayashi, Yasushi Shimada

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The main advantage of using a minimal invasive strategy concept by uncut enamel technique while doing direct composite restoration is to create a color and translucency close to the natural teeth with long-term bonding durability. Objective: This case report presents an uncut enamel technique for multiple diastema closure cases using direct composite restoration. Case Reports: an 18-year-old male and a 50-year-old female patient complained of diastema in their upper front teeth and requested aesthetic correction. Digital mock-up was made prior to the uncut enamel technique for showing the expected results to the patient and as a guidance for the …


Electromyographic Activity Of Masticatory Muscles In Asymptomatic Young Adults, Aneta Wieczorek, Malgorzata Pihut, Jolanta E. Loster 2022 Jagiellonian University Medical College, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Dentistry, Department of Prosthodontics and Orthodontics, Krakow, Poland

Electromyographic Activity Of Masticatory Muscles In Asymptomatic Young Adults, Aneta Wieczorek, Malgorzata Pihut, Jolanta E. Loster

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Introduction: The masseter and the anterior part of the temporalis are the muscles mainly responsible for the clenching function. Clenching patterns and the activity of these muscles are not expected to differ between male and females, nor between different occlusal classes. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether the activity index of the masseter and temporalis muscles is related to occlusal class and gender. Methods: This study involved 145 eighteen-year-old Caucasian volunteers who underwent surface electromyography. The sEMG was analyzed at the moment of 100% occlusal contact. Occlusal classes were determined used plaster casts. …


The Effect Of Melatonin On Implant Stability And Marginal Bone Level Around The Implant, Hemanth Ravella, Mulpuri Venkata Ramoji Rao, Sathish Manthena, Suneetha Koneru, Penubolu Lakshmi Preethi, Venkata Naga Sri Harsha Anumolu 2022 Department of Periodontics and Implantology, Drs Sudha & Nageswara Rao, Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Chinaoutpalli, Gannavaram Mandal, Andhra Pradesh, India

The Effect Of Melatonin On Implant Stability And Marginal Bone Level Around The Implant, Hemanth Ravella, Mulpuri Venkata Ramoji Rao, Sathish Manthena, Suneetha Koneru, Penubolu Lakshmi Preethi, Venkata Naga Sri Harsha Anumolu

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Dental implants have been used for missing teeth replacement with a high success rate. Melatonin is an antioxidant and acts as a free radical scavenger. It retards the resorption of bone by regulating RANKL and OPG synthesis, and increases the BIC (Bone to implant contact) and also bone perimeter and bone mineralization. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess if topical melatonin application at the osteotomy site has any influence on the stability and marginal bone level around the implant Methods: In this split mouth double blind randomized control trial 30 implants were placed on either …


Selection Of Commercially Available Membrane Between Resorbable And Nonresorbable Materials For Guided Bone Regeneration, Yunia Dwi Rakhmatia, Yasunori Ayukawa, Akihiro Furuhashi, Kiyoshi Koyano 2022 Prosthodontic Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia

Selection Of Commercially Available Membrane Between Resorbable And Nonresorbable Materials For Guided Bone Regeneration, Yunia Dwi Rakhmatia, Yasunori Ayukawa, Akihiro Furuhashi, Kiyoshi Koyano

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the commercially available membranes used for treatment in Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR). Methods: Four membranes resorbable and non-resorbable were used and a critical size defect in six-week-old Wistar rats was created for membrane application. Meanwhile, the defect without membrane treatment was used as the control (C). Results: After 4 and 8 weeks, all rats were euthanized and block biopsies of calvaria including membrane were excised and analysed using microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). The sections were dehydrated with graded ethanol, embedded in resin, and cut for histologic evaluation. After 4 weeks, all membrane …


The Practices Of Treating Deep Carious Lesions Compared With The Dental Curriculum In Turkish Dentistry, Leyla Kerimova, Erdem Karabulut, Kivanç Yamanel, Neslihan Arhun 2022 Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey

The Practices Of Treating Deep Carious Lesions Compared With The Dental Curriculum In Turkish Dentistry, Leyla Kerimova, Erdem Karabulut, Kivanç Yamanel, Neslihan Arhun

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The aim of this cross-sectional study is to investigate Turkish dentists’ opinions and preferences regarding the management of deep carious lesions and compare them with modern dental education concepts as provided by dental schools. Methods: Questionnaire 1 and Questionnaire 2 were sent separately to dental practitioners via the Turkish Dental Association and to university department heads of restorative dentistry. The data obtained were analyzed using chi-square tests and one-way ANOVA tests (p < 0.05). Results: Regarding Questionnaire 1, most of the dentists (89.3%) responded that caries lesions should be removed completely up to the hard cut-off condition of …


Critical Evaluation Of Failed Maxillary Resin Bonded: A Case Study, Yew Hin Beh, Azirrawani Ariffin 2022 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Critical Evaluation Of Failed Maxillary Resin Bonded: A Case Study, Yew Hin Beh, Azirrawani Ariffin

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Resin bonded bridge (RBB) is a conservative, medium to long-term restoration of missing teeth. A high rate of debonding was the main limitation in a clinically demanding situation. Objective: To highlight the critical evaluation in identifying the contributing factors leading to the failure of RBBs and avoiding as well as controlling such factors optimally prior to providing further rehabilitative treatment. Case report: This case illustrates a young patient who received resin bonded bridges to replace her missing lateral incisors. Unfortunately, she had issues with bridge debonding, in which one of the abutment teeth was extracted due to caries …


Comparisons Of Microleakage And Scanning Electron Microscope Sem Analyzes Of The Use Of Different Pulp Coverage Materials, Yasemin Yavuz, Sedef Kotanli, Mehmet Sinan Doğan, Kemal Doğan 2022 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Harran University, Sanlıurfa 63300, Turkey

Comparisons Of Microleakage And Scanning Electron Microscope Sem Analyzes Of The Use Of Different Pulp Coverage Materials, Yasemin Yavuz, Sedef Kotanli, Mehmet Sinan Doğan, Kemal Doğan

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: The aim of this study was to compare three different pulp coverage materials with calcium silicate content considering microleakage in the cavity floor and evaluate the gaps with a stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscope SEM.

Methods: A total of 40 human molar teeth were used in this study, and class V (4 mm mesio-distal × 3 mm gingivo-occlusal × 3 mm depth) cavities were prepared. The samples were divided into four groups (N = 10), including NeoPutty(Nusmile), Biodentin (Septodont), and TheraCal PT (Bisco). All groups were restored using Single Bond Universal adhesive and Filtek Z250 (3M ESPE). …


Fractal Analysis Of Subchondral Cyst At Mandibular Condyle Detected On Panoramic Radiograph In A Group Of Thai Population, Aloysius Putut Wijanarko, Preeyaporn Srimawong, Suchaya Pornprasertsuk-Damrongsri, Apirum Janhom 2022 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Fractal Analysis Of Subchondral Cyst At Mandibular Condyle Detected On Panoramic Radiograph In A Group Of Thai Population, Aloysius Putut Wijanarko, Preeyaporn Srimawong, Suchaya Pornprasertsuk-Damrongsri, Apirum Janhom

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objectives: This study aimed to analyze subchondral cyst on the mandibular condyle using fractal dimension (FD) measurement on a panoramic radiograph. Methods: This retrospective study examined 15 patients aged 24 to 75 years who had undergone panoramic radiography and cone-beam computed tomography on both sides of the mandibular condyles, between January 2013 and November 2017, in the Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic, Dental Hospital, Mahidol University. These 15 patients, all of whom had a subchondral cyst on one side of the mandibular condyle, constituted both the study and control groups: the 15 affected sides constituted the study group, …


The Effect Of Disc Displacement On Temporomandibular Joint Morphology In Patients With Disc Displacement, Melike Yurttaş, Esin Bozdemir, Şehnaz Evrimler 2022 Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Kutahya Health Sciences University, Kutahya, Turkey

The Effect Of Disc Displacement On Temporomandibular Joint Morphology In Patients With Disc Displacement, Melike Yurttaş, Esin Bozdemir, Şehnaz Evrimler

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: To examine the morphological properties of temporomandibular joint structures by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on patients with and without disc displacement (DD). Methods: Thirty-eight patients with disc displacement and 13 patients without disc displacement were included. Age, gender, and clinical findings such as pain, joint sounds of patients were recorded. The patients were classified as anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDWR) group, anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADDWoR) group, and control group on MRI. Disc morphology was categorized as biconcave, hemiconvex, biconvex, biplanar, or folded. Condyle morphology was characterized as convex, angled, flat, or rounded. Articular eminence …


Effects Of Lime (Citrus Aurantifolia Swingle) Peel Extract Addition To Periodontal Dressing On The Number Of Blood Vessels In The Gingival Wound Healing Process, Malianawati Fauzia, Savira Pratista Oktaviana 2022 Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

Effects Of Lime (Citrus Aurantifolia Swingle) Peel Extract Addition To Periodontal Dressing On The Number Of Blood Vessels In The Gingival Wound Healing Process, Malianawati Fauzia, Savira Pratista Oktaviana

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Background: Periodontal dressings that are currently available can only protect wounds from mechanical trauma, but have no ability to accelerate wound healing. Lime (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle) peel extract added to periodontal dressing contains flavonoids which can stimulate the formation of new blood vessels, thus accelerating the healing process. Objective: To determine the effects of adding lime (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle) peel extract to periodontal dressing on the number of blood vessels in the gingival wound healing process. Methods: 32 rabbits with 2 mm wound made on the gingiva were divided into 8 groups. For the control groups of …


Primary Oral Myiasis Of Anterior Maxilla In An Intellectually Disabled Female – A Case Report, Sridhar M, Shivayogi Charantimath, Anjana Bagewadi, Lokesh Kumar S, Arun Panwar, Jayapriya T, Vaishali Keluskar 2022 KAHER’S KLE VK Institute of Dental Science, Karnataka, India

Primary Oral Myiasis Of Anterior Maxilla In An Intellectually Disabled Female – A Case Report, Sridhar M, Shivayogi Charantimath, Anjana Bagewadi, Lokesh Kumar S, Arun Panwar, Jayapriya T, Vaishali Keluskar

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

“Myiasis” is a term used to represent invasion caused by fly larvae that affect organs and tissues of human beings and feeds on the host tissue. It is a rare and non-specific pathology that varies according to the species of fly larvae and the area of the body involved. Various factors like extraction wounds, uncontrolled diabetes, necrotic tissues, alcohol addiction, poor oral hygiene, immunocompromised conditions and people with special care needs like debilitated or mentally challenged individuals predispose to develop myiasis. We hereby report a case of oral myiasis of the maxillary anterior region of the palate and labial mucosa, …


Iatrogenic Extrusion Of Calcium Silicate Cements On Teeth Associated With Large Periapical Lesion: A Case Report With 12-Month Follow-Up, Afiq Azizi Jawami, Eason Soo 2022 Centre of Comprehensive Care Studies, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sungai Buloh Selangor, Malaysia

Iatrogenic Extrusion Of Calcium Silicate Cements On Teeth Associated With Large Periapical Lesion: A Case Report With 12-Month Follow-Up, Afiq Azizi Jawami, Eason Soo

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Traumatic dental injuries can result in pulp necrosis and apical periodontitis, impairing root development. When this condition is left untreated, it causes inflammation in the tissues at the apex, which may lead to significant damage of the periapical alveolar bone. Tooth with open apex may have a risk of iatrogenic error of extrusion material during the stage of root canal obturation. Objective: This case report discussed the bone healing of large periapical lesion of an iatrogenic extrusion of calcium silicate cement in an open apex maxillary left central incisor. Case report: A 35-year-old female patient presented with a …


Factors Influencing The Choice Of Toothpaste And Investigation Of Those Most Commercialized By Students In Settat, Morocco, Abdellatif Rahim, Wissal El Karfi, Lalla Asmaa Katir Masnaoui, Bouchra El Amiri, Abdel Khalid Essamadi 2022 Natural Resources and Environment, Neurosciences, Laboratory of Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Hassan First University of Settat, Settat 26000, Morocco

Factors Influencing The Choice Of Toothpaste And Investigation Of Those Most Commercialized By Students In Settat, Morocco, Abdellatif Rahim, Wissal El Karfi, Lalla Asmaa Katir Masnaoui, Bouchra El Amiri, Abdel Khalid Essamadi

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: This study aimed to determine the factors influencing the choice of toothpaste by students in Settat (Morocco) and investigate the characteristics of those most commercialized in this region.

Methods: A close-ended questionnaire was developed and filled out. This was a cross-sectional study of 429 students who agreed to participate. Based on questionnaire data, the 15 most commercialized toothpaste by respondents were purchased, and their packaging was investigated.

Results: After analysis using Excel 2019, the results revealed that the major factors influencing the choice of toothpaste are brand 55%, family choice 48%, and media advertisements 40%. Moreover, …


The Effect Of Different Surface Treatments On The Bond Strength Of Zirconia, Kushaldeep FNU 2022 University of Pennsylvania

The Effect Of Different Surface Treatments On The Bond Strength Of Zirconia, Kushaldeep Fnu

Dental Theses

Objectives: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the influence of various surface treatment methods on the resin bond durability of zirconia.

Methods: Hundred KATANA Zirconia STML (n=20) specimens were sectioned and sintered in an induction furnace (CEREC SpeedFire, Dentsply Sirona, Germany). Specimen surfaces were ground finished with 800 grit silicon carbide abrasive with cooling water and cleaned in an alcohol bath ultrasonically before cementation for 5 min, and thoroughly washed again with running distilled water. Specimens in Group 1 had no surface treatment, Group 2 was air-abraded with 50 μm aluminum oxide, Group 3 was air …


Polymer Chemistry Of Dental Adhesives, Alia J. Rubaie, Karen Schulze 2022 University of the Pacific, Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry

Polymer Chemistry Of Dental Adhesives, Alia J. Rubaie, Karen Schulze

Pacific Journal of Health

Dental adhesives are water soluble, non-toxic materials that bind composite resins to dentin and enamel. Adhesive systems are dependent on a polymerization process at the interface and require different moieties to prepare the substrate to effectively interact with the tooth surface. Due to their critical role in restorative procedures, many chemists are interested in strengthening the adhesive bond strength at the interface. This review paper covers the evolution of dental adhesive systems over time and provides an extensive overview of what components make up a dental adhesive system. Additionally, this article explores the common issues found in adhesive systems, and …


Early Eruption Of All Permanent Teeth, Including The Upper Canines, In A Nine-Year-Old Child Who Was Born Prematurely; Case Report, Bassam Ali Al-Turaihi, Israa Hussein Ali 2022 University College / Department of dentistry / Iraq / Babylon Al-Mustaqbal

Early Eruption Of All Permanent Teeth, Including The Upper Canines, In A Nine-Year-Old Child Who Was Born Prematurely; Case Report, Bassam Ali Al-Turaihi, Israa Hussein Ali

Maaen Journal for Medical Sciences

The world health organization (WHO) define the premature birth as a birth occur before 37 weeks of gestation or if the birth weight is below 2500 g. Our case subjected for both criteria of the preterm definition. ((1)) ((2)) The case was born before 31st week with 1300 g birth weight with stormy beginning of life in the first three months in the hospital according to the history taken from general practitioner (GP) for that reason their parents tack care about his general health and specifically oral health and development. Throughout his life he developed healthy with no medical problem. …


Intraosseous Movement Of Multiple Impacted Teeth Occurred In Unilateral Maxilla During Orthodontic Treatment – A Case Report, Chun-Hsiu Yang, Chun-Liang Kuo 2022 Orthodontic Department, Chi-Mei Medical Center

Intraosseous Movement Of Multiple Impacted Teeth Occurred In Unilateral Maxilla During Orthodontic Treatment – A Case Report, Chun-Hsiu Yang, Chun-Liang Kuo

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

The orthodontic treatment of unilateral multiple impacted teeth is challenging. It is often accompanied with a wide range of surgical exposure for impacted teeth. We reported a 14-year-old male patient who had a retained primary canine, first and second molars in left maxilla, complicated with proximal caries and gingival abscess over the primary first molar. The panoramic radiography revealed with a horizontally impacted canine, first premolar and vertically impacted second premolar in left maxilla. After relive the underlined pathogenesis of the tooth impaction by removing the primary teeth and abscess, the second premolar erupted subsequently. During traction of the inferiorly …


Camouflage Orthodontic Correction In An Adult Patient With Skeletal Class Iii Malocclusion – A Case Report, Yun-Fang Chen, Yuh-Jia Hsieh, Yu-Fang Liao 2022 Department of Craniofacial Orthodontics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Craniofacial Orthodontics, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Camouflage Orthodontic Correction In An Adult Patient With Skeletal Class Iii Malocclusion – A Case Report, Yun-Fang Chen, Yuh-Jia Hsieh, Yu-Fang Liao

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

The case report described the camouflage treatment of an adult patient with skeletal Class III, anterior cross bite, open bite tendency and dental crowding. A 19-year-old male patient presented with chief complaint of anterior crooked teeth. The clinical examination showed a straight to concave profile, midface retrusion, mandibular protrusion, slightly high mandibular plane angle, upper and lower lip protrusion, lip incompetence, Class III molar and canine relationships. Because the patient refused to receive orthognathic surgery, the camouflage orthodontic treatment was planned along with extraction of bilateral upper second premolars and lower first premolars and modest backward-rotation of the mandible to …


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