Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Orthodontics and Orthodontology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

778 Full-Text Articles 1,254 Authors 308,064 Downloads 30 Institutions

All Articles in Orthodontics and Orthodontology

Faceted Search

778 full-text articles. Page 1 of 32.

What Are We Missing In Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea Clinical Evaluation? Review Of Official Guidelines, Eduardo J. Correa, Carlos O´Connor-Reina, Laura Rodriguez-Alcalá, Diego M. Conti, Alberto Rabino, Peter M. Baptista, Maria-Teresa Garcia-Iriarte, Guillermo Plaza 2023 Otorhinolaryngology Department Hospital Quironsalud Marbella. Spain

What Are We Missing In Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea Clinical Evaluation? Review Of Official Guidelines, Eduardo J. Correa, Carlos O´Connor-Reina, Laura Rodriguez-Alcalá, Diego M. Conti, Alberto Rabino, Peter M. Baptista, Maria-Teresa Garcia-Iriarte, Guillermo Plaza

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

Purpose: This article presents a narrative review of current recommendations for the clinical evaluation and management of adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to identify points missing from a myofunctional perspective.

Methods: The authors reviewed current official guidelines for adult patients with OSA, searching clinical evaluation and treatment recommendations for myofunctional therapy.

Results: None of the current guidelines for evaluation of adult OSA recommend performing a myofunctional evaluation. Only two guidelines consider myofunctional therapy (MFT) as a treatment modality for adult patients with OSA.

Conclusion: Despite the role of the pharyngeal dilator muscles as an …


Assessment Of The Effects Of Edentulousness On Temporomandibular Components By Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Büşra Arıkan, Numan Dedeoğlu, Şuayip Burak Duman 2022 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Inönü University, Malatya, Turkey

Assessment Of The Effects Of Edentulousness On Temporomandibular Components By Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Büşra Arıkan, Numan Dedeoğlu, Şuayip Burak Duman

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of edentulousness on the temporomandibular joint using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: In this study, CBCT images were evaluated in a total of 48 patients (24 dentulous, 24 edentulous). Ninety-six temporomandibular joint CBCT images were examined. Eminence inclination, condyle head widths and joint space were measured and statistically compared between the edentulous and dentulous groups. Results: The articular eminence inclination value the mediolateral width of the condyle and the anteroposterior width of the condyle were found significantly higher in the dentulous group than in the edentulous group. …


Effect Of Preflaring On Accuracy Of Endodontic Length Determination By Four Electronic Apex Locators, Arash Izadi, Maliheh Bayandari, Ezatolah Kazeminejad 2022 Dental Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

Effect Of Preflaring On Accuracy Of Endodontic Length Determination By Four Electronic Apex Locators, Arash Izadi, Maliheh Bayandari, Ezatolah Kazeminejad

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: Root canal anatomy significantly impacts the working length determination. This study aimed to investigate the effect of the preflaring technique on the accuracy of four electronic apex locators. Methods: Forty-five single-canal central maxillary teeth were selected. The working length was measured before and after the coronal preparation by four types of electronic apex locators in the range of ±0.5 and ±1 mm matched for the apical constriction. The actual working length was calculated under a microscope. Data were analyzed using ICC and paired t-tests in SPSS16. A p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The accuracies of Root ZX, DTE, Denjoy, and Coxo apex …


Comparison Of Ultrasonography And Cone Beam Computed Tomography In The Differential Diagnosis Of Periapical Lesions: A Prospective Radiopathological Study, Gozde Serindere, Ceren Aktuna Belgin, Mert Bulte, Didar Gursoy, Fariz Salimov 2022 Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey

Comparison Of Ultrasonography And Cone Beam Computed Tomography In The Differential Diagnosis Of Periapical Lesions: A Prospective Radiopathological Study, Gozde Serindere, Ceren Aktuna Belgin, Mert Bulte, Didar Gursoy, Fariz Salimov

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between ultrasonography (USG) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and the accuracy between histopathological diagnosis and preliminary diagnosis in the diagnosis of periapical lesion. Methods: 20 patients with periapical lesion in the jaw, were included in the study. The presence of expansion or perforation and dimensions of the lesion were performed with CBCT. In the examination of the lesion with USG, shape, echogenicity, vascularization of the lesion and the presence of buccal expansion and perforation, were determined. Subsequently, a biopsy was taken from the lesion for histopathological examination and …


Stereomicroscopic Evaluation Of Dentinal Microcracks After Instrumentation Of Curved Canal With Rotary Files In Two Motions, Nupur Vasava, Shreya Modi, Chintan Joshi, Sweety Thumar, Anisha Parmar, Kruti Jadawala 2022 Karnavati School of Dentistry, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India

Stereomicroscopic Evaluation Of Dentinal Microcracks After Instrumentation Of Curved Canal With Rotary Files In Two Motions, Nupur Vasava, Shreya Modi, Chintan Joshi, Sweety Thumar, Anisha Parmar, Kruti Jadawala

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This study aimed to examine the effects of three distinct file systems with two motion types—rotary and reciprocation—on the development of dentinal microcracks after root canal preparation using a stereomicroscope. Methods: Sixty mandibular molars with a curvature of 30° were decoronated and divided into three groups (Vortex Blue, Mtwo, and ProTaper Next) and two subgroups (rotary and reciprocating motions). The samples were then instrumented with the files, dyed with 1% methylene blue dye, and sectioned horizontally at 3, 6, and 9 mm from the root apex. The dentinal microcracks were inspected using a stereomicroscope at 40× magnification. One-way analysis …


Evaluation Of Dentoskeletal And Pharyngeal Airway Changes After Treatment With Twin Block And Monoblock Appliance In Growing Patients, Esra Genc, Ahmet Karaman, Gülşah Püskül 2022 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul Aydın University, Istanbul, Turkey

Evaluation Of Dentoskeletal And Pharyngeal Airway Changes After Treatment With Twin Block And Monoblock Appliance In Growing Patients, Esra Genc, Ahmet Karaman, Gülşah Püskül

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: To compare of pharyngeal airway dimensions and dentoskeletal changes after treatment with twin block (TWB) and monoblock (MB) appliance in growing patients. Methods: The sample was comprised of a total of 72 patients at the ages of 10 to 13. The TWB group consisted of 36 patients (22 females, 14 males, mean age: 11.9±1.5) and MB group consisted of 36 patients (18 females, 18 males, mean age: 11.8±1.2). The linear and angular measurements were evaluated on lateral cephalometric radiographs at beginning (T0) and end of treatment (T1). Results: The amounts of increase in the inferior airway space, L1xNB, IMPA …


Clinical And Radiographic Features Of Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome: A Case Report, G Subhas Babu, Devika S. Pillai, Shruthi Hegde, Padmaraj Hegde, Vidya Ajila 2022 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangaluru, India

Clinical And Radiographic Features Of Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome: A Case Report, G Subhas Babu, Devika S. Pillai, Shruthi Hegde, Padmaraj Hegde, Vidya Ajila

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome, also called as Gorlin Gotz syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the presence of multiple odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) of the jaw, basal cell carcinomas and skeletal anomalies. Presence of multiple OKCs is the first clinical manifestation in majority of the cases. Early diagnosis and treatment are of utmost importance in reducing the severity of this syndrome. We hereby report a rare case of Gorlin Goltz syndrome in a 28 years old female patient who presented with multiple cystic lesions in the jaws. Present case also highlights the clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features of …


Advances And Updates On Open-Access Publishing By The Ijom, Nancy Pearl Solomon 2022 IAOM

Advances And Updates On Open-Access Publishing By The Ijom, Nancy Pearl Solomon

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

An online, open-access, no-fee model of the International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy (IJOM) was established in December 2020 and includes all archived articles back to the journal’s origin in 1975. While aiming to increase content for the journal, the Editorial Review Board (ERB) has also been diligent about maintaining high standards for publication. This note From the Editor highlights recent publications, conference proceedings, and special issues. It also lists updates and challenges in terms of policies and practices. The IJOM remains both a traditional association-supported journal and is on the cutting edge of open-access publishing.


Multidisciplinary Retreatment Of Skeletal Class Ii Malocclusion With Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Multiple Prosthesis, Si-Rong Chen, Cheng-Hui Lin, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko 2022 Graduate Institute of Dental and d Craniofacial Science, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Multidisciplinary Retreatment Of Skeletal Class Ii Malocclusion With Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Multiple Prosthesis, Si-Rong Chen, Cheng-Hui Lin, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder syndrome, especially in the middle-aged, obese men population. Patients suffer from an interrupted sleep at night, which could be life-threatening. Treatment alternatives include continuous positive airway pressure, mandible advanced device, nasal surgery and maxillo-mandibular advancement surgery. This article presented a patient who came with chief complaints of lower jaw retrusion, poor sleep quality, unsatisfactory occlusion and old prosthesis. The patient had declined the surgical-orthodontics in 12 years ago, and went for another camouflage orthodontic treatment with extraction of teeth and multiple prosthesis. He presented with skeletal Class II with retrognathic mandible …


Camouflage Treatment Of Skeletal Anterior Open Bite With Tongue Training, Cheng-Han Sie, Wen-Ken Tai, Chih-Chen Chou, Po-Yu Yang, Jung-Chun Yeh, Chun-Te Ho, Chia-Tze Kao 2022 Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Camouflage Treatment Of Skeletal Anterior Open Bite With Tongue Training, Cheng-Han Sie, Wen-Ken Tai, Chih-Chen Chou, Po-Yu Yang, Jung-Chun Yeh, Chun-Te Ho, Chia-Tze Kao

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

The aim of this case report was to present an adult patient who suffered from poor occlusal function and poor aesthetic appearance due to skeletal anterior open bite. After orthodontic treatment, she was satisfied with improvements of mastication and esthetics. A case of 20-year-old female with skeletal Class II jaw relationship, mandible retrognathism and anterior open bite without signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder. Intraoral examination showed premature contact over bilateral posterior teeth and the forward resting position of tongue. Our treatment plan was orthodontic camouflage with extraction of all first premolars and tongue training. As forward resting position of …


Quality Of Life Changes In Taiwanese Patients With Dentofacial Deformities Undergoing Orthognathic Surgery, Jing Hao Ng, I-Chen Lee, Becky Chiang-Lin Liu, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko 2022 Department of Orthodontics, National Dental Centre Singapore, Singapore.

Quality Of Life Changes In Taiwanese Patients With Dentofacial Deformities Undergoing Orthognathic Surgery, Jing Hao Ng, I-Chen Lee, Becky Chiang-Lin Liu, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Objectives: The evaluation of orthognathic surgery (OgS) is shifting towards a coherent approach for patient care that balances objective clinician-defined measures with patient-centred outcome assessments, including health-related quality of life (QoL). This aim of this study adds to the pool of literature in East Asian subjects by studying the longitudinal QoL changes in Taiwanese patients with dentofacial deformities (DFD) undergoing OgS, using two standardized questionnaires at three different treatment stages. Materials and Methods: This prospective cohort study comprised 113 consecutive Taiwanese OgS patients who underwent surgical-orthodontic treatment between 2015 and 2018. The subjects completed SF-36 and OHIP-14 standardized questionnaires with …


Comparison Of Bone Thickness In Infrazygomatic Crest Area At Various Miniscrew Insertion Angles: A Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Study, Rajju Dangal, Rabindra Man Shrestha, Jyoti Dhakal, Sujita Shrestha, Alka Gupta, Shreya Shah 2022 Department of Orthodontics, Kantipur Dental College, Kathmandu Nepal

Comparison Of Bone Thickness In Infrazygomatic Crest Area At Various Miniscrew Insertion Angles: A Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Study, Rajju Dangal, Rabindra Man Shrestha, Jyoti Dhakal, Sujita Shrestha, Alka Gupta, Shreya Shah

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Introduction: The infrazygomatic crest (IZC) is an alternative site for miniscrew anchorage. It is important to analyze the anatomy of the region during preoperative planning to minimize the risk of unwanted tooth movement and injury to the vital structures. The literatures on the clinical application of miniscrew in IZC is scarce. Objective: To determine bone thickness, height and angle of insertion of miniscrew in the IZC region. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional observational comparative study included 44 patients above18 years. IZC bone thickness and height of miniscrew insertion were measured on cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) records. Student t-test was done …


Cephalometric Analysis: History And Clinical Application, Ib Leth Nielsen 2022 Department of Orofacial Sciences, Division of Orthodontics University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA

Cephalometric Analysis: History And Clinical Application, Ib Leth Nielsen

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

When roentgen cephalometry was first introduced to the orthodontic profession in 1931 by Broadbent in the USA and Hofrath in Germany it was a major milestone in terms of new diagnostic tools available to orthodontists. Until that time only clinical observation and study casts of the patients had been available to the clinician but now a more in depth understanding of the facial makeup became possible. This meant that each patient’s malocclusion could now be related to their facial skeletal and dental morphology. The dentoalveolar components could now be studied in detail and better treatment plans could be developed that …


Factors Influencing The Decision To Initiate Orthodontic Treatment And The Choice Of Appliance Type In A Lebanese Sample During The Covid-19 Pandemic And The Economic Crisis. A Cross-Sectional Study., Liliane ALAMEH, Elie KHOURY, Elie AMM 2022 Saint Joseph University of Beirut

Factors Influencing The Decision To Initiate Orthodontic Treatment And The Choice Of Appliance Type In A Lebanese Sample During The Covid-19 Pandemic And The Economic Crisis. A Cross-Sectional Study., Liliane Alameh, Elie Khoury, Elie Amm

International Arab Journal of Dentistry

Background: The spread of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has led to a major public health issue. This study aimed to assess the factors that influence the Lebanese people in undergoing an orthodontic treatment after the outbreak of COVID-19, as well as the factors that influence their choice of orthodontic appliance type. Methods: 489 Lebanese participants (199 men and 290 women) were invited to fill a questionnaire developed on Google Forms. Eligible participants were simply Lebanese people including those who immigrated during the crisis. Dentists, dental students and foreigners were excluded from the study. The link for the questionnaire was sent …


Proceedings Of The 2022 Iaom Convention, International Association of Orofacial Myology 2022 International Association of Orofacial Myology

Proceedings Of The 2022 Iaom Convention, International Association Of Orofacial Myology

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

The International Association of Orofacial Myology (IAOM) held its 2022 Convention in Kansas City, Missouri from October 21 - 23. The Proceedings of the Convention contain abstracts and summaries of podium and poster presentations.


Using Clear Aligners For Asymmetric Dental Decompensation In Skeletal Class Iii Facial Asymmetry Before Orthognathic Surgery, Yu-Ming Liang, Szu-Ching Lee, Fong Jenny, Tzu-Ying Wu 2022 Division of Orthodontic, Department of Stomatology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC

Using Clear Aligners For Asymmetric Dental Decompensation In Skeletal Class Iii Facial Asymmetry Before Orthognathic Surgery, Yu-Ming Liang, Szu-Ching Lee, Fong Jenny, Tzu-Ying Wu

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

In this case report of orthodontic combined with orthognathic surgery, we demonstrate the effectiveness of an aligner system in the treatment of asymmetric arch form. Without the help of temporary anchorage device and inter-arch elastic, unilateral arch expansion and opposite side arch constriction were achieved successfully. Cone-beam computed tomography was used to assess to evaluate the outcome and key to success was discussed.


Substitution Of A Dilacerated Impacted Maxillary Central Incisor With A Deep Horizontal Impacted Canine, Wei-Lun Chang, Szu-Ching Lee, Hsuan-Hung Chen, Man-Tin Lui, Tzu-Ying Wu 2022 Section of Orthodontics, Department of Stomatology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan

Substitution Of A Dilacerated Impacted Maxillary Central Incisor With A Deep Horizontal Impacted Canine, Wei-Lun Chang, Szu-Ching Lee, Hsuan-Hung Chen, Man-Tin Lui, Tzu-Ying Wu

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

The treatment of multiple impacted anterior teeth is challenging. Proper treatment plan, meticulous biomechanics design and close collaboration with interdisciplinary team work are key factors to achieve better esthetic and periodontal outcomes. For impacted tooth cases, CBCT images can provide more detailed information about the location of the impacted tooth and its surrounding periodontal conditions during treatment. This case report described the treatment of a mild skeletal Class III, facial asymmetry teenager with dilacerated impacted maxillary left central incisor. Because of the unpredictable prognosis of dilacerated impacted central incisor, our treatment goal was to forced erupt the deeply horizontal impacted …


Correction Of Extruded Upper First Molars And Bimaxillary Protrusion By Temporary Anchorage Device, Ignatia Wulandari, Retno Widayati 2022 Department of Orthodontic, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Indonesia

Correction Of Extruded Upper First Molars And Bimaxillary Protrusion By Temporary Anchorage Device, Ignatia Wulandari, Retno Widayati

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Early loss of the lower first molar may cause extrusion of the upper first molar and mesial tipping of the lower second molar. It could be locked by the mesial contour of the upper second molar, causing the door-wedge effect which impedes the intrusion of the upper first molar. Skeletal Class II malocclusion, canting, and the need for anterior retraction on the upper arch was adding space requirement and anchorage problem to the case. Treatment by using absolute anchorage would be the most efficient way to treat this case. This case report aims to show how to manage molar extrusion, …


Mandibular Expansion Appliances And Their Activation Protocols, Tivanani Venkata Durga Mahendra, Vyshnavi Mulakala, Manda Anoosha 2022 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Vishnu Dental College, Vishnupur, Bhimavaram, India

Mandibular Expansion Appliances And Their Activation Protocols, Tivanani Venkata Durga Mahendra, Vyshnavi Mulakala, Manda Anoosha

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

A tooth size-arch length discrepancy (TSALD) occurs when there is an imbalance between the size of the teeth and the space available in the dental arches to accommodate them. Relief of crowding through expanding the arch is the most employed non-extraction method in orthodontics. Because of the absence of a midline suture and the resistance of the mandibular body, resolving crowding in the lower arch is more complex than in the upper arch. However, numerous researchers have devised innovative techniques and methods to successfully bring about the desired and stable changes through mandibular expansion. The advantage of this procedure was …


Factors Affecting Mandibular Growth And Displacement And Their Effect On Treatment Outcome, Ib Leth Nielsen 2022 Division of Orthodontics, University of California, San Francisco

Factors Affecting Mandibular Growth And Displacement And Their Effect On Treatment Outcome, Ib Leth Nielsen

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Orthodontists often have difficulty distinguishing between growth and displacement when it comes to the mandible and often the two are merged into one and referred to as just mandibular growth. It is clinically important to distinguish between the two as it can greatly affect the choice of treatment protocol and mechanics. In this review we shall attempt to clarify the issue with clinical examples in the hope of bringing more understanding to the problem. Controlling the factors that are involved in determining the outcome of orthodontic treatment in a growing patient can often be a difficult task and is affected …


Digital Commons powered by bepress