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What Are We Missing In Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea Clinical Evaluation? Review Of Official Guidelines, Eduardo J. Correa, Carlos O´Connor-Reina, Laura Rodriguez-Alcalá, Diego M. Conti, Alberto Rabino, Peter M. Baptista, Maria-Teresa Garcia-Iriarte, Guillermo Plaza 2023 Otorhinolaryngology Department Hospital Quironsalud Marbella. Spain

What Are We Missing In Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea Clinical Evaluation? Review Of Official Guidelines, Eduardo J. Correa, Carlos O´Connor-Reina, Laura Rodriguez-Alcalá, Diego M. Conti, Alberto Rabino, Peter M. Baptista, Maria-Teresa Garcia-Iriarte, Guillermo Plaza

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

Purpose: This article presents a narrative review of current recommendations for the clinical evaluation and management of adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to identify points missing from a myofunctional perspective.

Methods: The authors reviewed current official guidelines for adult patients with OSA, searching clinical evaluation and treatment recommendations for myofunctional therapy.

Results: None of the current guidelines for evaluation of adult OSA recommend performing a myofunctional evaluation. Only two guidelines consider myofunctional therapy (MFT) as a treatment modality for adult patients with OSA.

Conclusion: Despite the role of the pharyngeal dilator muscles as an …


Assessment Of The Effects Of Edentulousness On Temporomandibular Components By Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Büşra Arıkan, Numan Dedeoğlu, Şuayip Burak Duman 2022 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Inönü University, Malatya, Turkey

Assessment Of The Effects Of Edentulousness On Temporomandibular Components By Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Büşra Arıkan, Numan Dedeoğlu, Şuayip Burak Duman

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of edentulousness on the temporomandibular joint using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: In this study, CBCT images were evaluated in a total of 48 patients (24 dentulous, 24 edentulous). Ninety-six temporomandibular joint CBCT images were examined. Eminence inclination, condyle head widths and joint space were measured and statistically compared between the edentulous and dentulous groups. Results: The articular eminence inclination value the mediolateral width of the condyle and the anteroposterior width of the condyle were found significantly higher in the dentulous group than in the edentulous group. …


Effect Of Preflaring On Accuracy Of Endodontic Length Determination By Four Electronic Apex Locators, Arash Izadi, Maliheh Bayandari, Ezatolah Kazeminejad 2022 Dental Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

Effect Of Preflaring On Accuracy Of Endodontic Length Determination By Four Electronic Apex Locators, Arash Izadi, Maliheh Bayandari, Ezatolah Kazeminejad

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: Root canal anatomy significantly impacts the working length determination. This study aimed to investigate the effect of the preflaring technique on the accuracy of four electronic apex locators. Methods: Forty-five single-canal central maxillary teeth were selected. The working length was measured before and after the coronal preparation by four types of electronic apex locators in the range of ±0.5 and ±1 mm matched for the apical constriction. The actual working length was calculated under a microscope. Data were analyzed using ICC and paired t-tests in SPSS16. A p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The accuracies of Root ZX, DTE, Denjoy, and Coxo apex …


Three-Dimensional Evaluation Of The Mandibular Lingula On Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Images In The Turkish Population, Zerrin Unal Erzurumlu, Damla Torul 2022 Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ordu University, Ordu, Turkey

Three-Dimensional Evaluation Of The Mandibular Lingula On Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Images In The Turkish Population, Zerrin Unal Erzurumlu, Damla Torul

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The purpose of this study was to provide morphometric and anatomical data for mandibular lingula (Li) in The Turkish population using three dimensional-cone beam computed tomography (3D-CBCT) images. Methods: CBCT images of the patients taken between July 2020 and March 2021, were retrieved from the archival records. A total of 100 Li’s of 50 patients who met the criteria of this study were evaluated. The distances between the tip of the Li and ramal landmarks/occlusal plane were measured and the shape of the Li was evaluated on 3D-CBCT images. Results: CBCT images of the 50 patients (19 males and …


Effect Of Different Surface Treatments And Application Times On Shear Bond Strength Between Polyetheretherketone And Composite Resin, Alper Ozdogan, Basak Topdagi 2022 Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey

Effect Of Different Surface Treatments And Application Times On Shear Bond Strength Between Polyetheretherketone And Composite Resin, Alper Ozdogan, Basak Topdagi

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: To investigate the effect of various surface treatments and different application times on shear bond strength between polyetheretherketone and composite resin. Methods: A total of 110 disc-shaped polyetheretherketone specimens were randomly divided into 9 groups and 4 different surface treatments (control, sandblasting, tribochemical silica coating, sulfuric acid) were applied. The sandblasting, tribochemical silica coating, and sulfuric acid processes were performed 3 different times (10s, 15s, 20s). Then, the composite resins were applied to the treated surfaces of the polyetheretherketone specimens. The shear bond strength test and scanning electron microscopy analysis were performed. The data were statistically analyzed using …


Comparison Of Ultrasonography And Cone Beam Computed Tomography In The Differential Diagnosis Of Periapical Lesions: A Prospective Radiopathological Study, Gozde Serindere, Ceren Aktuna Belgin, Mert Bulte, Didar Gursoy, Fariz Salimov 2022 Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey

Comparison Of Ultrasonography And Cone Beam Computed Tomography In The Differential Diagnosis Of Periapical Lesions: A Prospective Radiopathological Study, Gozde Serindere, Ceren Aktuna Belgin, Mert Bulte, Didar Gursoy, Fariz Salimov

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between ultrasonography (USG) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and the accuracy between histopathological diagnosis and preliminary diagnosis in the diagnosis of periapical lesion. Methods: 20 patients with periapical lesion in the jaw, were included in the study. The presence of expansion or perforation and dimensions of the lesion were performed with CBCT. In the examination of the lesion with USG, shape, echogenicity, vascularization of the lesion and the presence of buccal expansion and perforation, were determined. Subsequently, a biopsy was taken from the lesion for histopathological examination and …


Stereomicroscopic Evaluation Of Dentinal Microcracks After Instrumentation Of Curved Canal With Rotary Files In Two Motions, Nupur Vasava, Shreya Modi, Chintan Joshi, Sweety Thumar, Anisha Parmar, Kruti Jadawala 2022 Karnavati School of Dentistry, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India

Stereomicroscopic Evaluation Of Dentinal Microcracks After Instrumentation Of Curved Canal With Rotary Files In Two Motions, Nupur Vasava, Shreya Modi, Chintan Joshi, Sweety Thumar, Anisha Parmar, Kruti Jadawala

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This study aimed to examine the effects of three distinct file systems with two motion types—rotary and reciprocation—on the development of dentinal microcracks after root canal preparation using a stereomicroscope. Methods: Sixty mandibular molars with a curvature of 30° were decoronated and divided into three groups (Vortex Blue, Mtwo, and ProTaper Next) and two subgroups (rotary and reciprocating motions). The samples were then instrumented with the files, dyed with 1% methylene blue dye, and sectioned horizontally at 3, 6, and 9 mm from the root apex. The dentinal microcracks were inspected using a stereomicroscope at 40× magnification. One-way analysis …


Evaluation Of Dentoskeletal And Pharyngeal Airway Changes After Treatment With Twin Block And Monoblock Appliance In Growing Patients, Esra Genc, Ahmet Karaman, Gülşah Püskül 2022 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul Aydın University, Istanbul, Turkey

Evaluation Of Dentoskeletal And Pharyngeal Airway Changes After Treatment With Twin Block And Monoblock Appliance In Growing Patients, Esra Genc, Ahmet Karaman, Gülşah Püskül

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: To compare of pharyngeal airway dimensions and dentoskeletal changes after treatment with twin block (TWB) and monoblock (MB) appliance in growing patients. Methods: The sample was comprised of a total of 72 patients at the ages of 10 to 13. The TWB group consisted of 36 patients (22 females, 14 males, mean age: 11.9±1.5) and MB group consisted of 36 patients (18 females, 18 males, mean age: 11.8±1.2). The linear and angular measurements were evaluated on lateral cephalometric radiographs at beginning (T0) and end of treatment (T1). Results: The amounts of increase in the inferior airway space, L1xNB, IMPA …


Clinical And Radiographic Features Of Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome: A Case Report, G Subhas Babu, Devika S. Pillai, Shruthi Hegde, Padmaraj Hegde, Vidya Ajila 2022 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangaluru, India

Clinical And Radiographic Features Of Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome: A Case Report, G Subhas Babu, Devika S. Pillai, Shruthi Hegde, Padmaraj Hegde, Vidya Ajila

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome, also called as Gorlin Gotz syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the presence of multiple odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) of the jaw, basal cell carcinomas and skeletal anomalies. Presence of multiple OKCs is the first clinical manifestation in majority of the cases. Early diagnosis and treatment are of utmost importance in reducing the severity of this syndrome. We hereby report a rare case of Gorlin Goltz syndrome in a 28 years old female patient who presented with multiple cystic lesions in the jaws. Present case also highlights the clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features of …


Endodontic Management Of An Unusual Mandibular First Molar With Six Canals: A Case Report And Systematic Review, Sarah Ahmad, Syed Mukhtar -Un- Nisar Andrabi, Ashok Kumar, Surendra Kumar Mishra, Rajendra Kumar Tewari 2022 Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Dr. Z.A. Dental College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India

Endodontic Management Of An Unusual Mandibular First Molar With Six Canals: A Case Report And Systematic Review, Sarah Ahmad, Syed Mukhtar -Un- Nisar Andrabi, Ashok Kumar, Surendra Kumar Mishra, Rajendra Kumar Tewari

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The permanent mandibular first molar is frequently involved in conventional root canal treatment due to its function and position in the oral cavity. Additional root canals mandate accurate diagnosis and conservative management to prevent any procedural errors. The first independent middle mesial canal incidence was verified in mandibular molars in 1974, with a global incidence of 10.8–27.0%. Reporting of the middle distal canal in the endodontic literature is scarce, with an incidence of 0.2–3%. The present case report describes the endodontic management of an unusual permanent mandibular first molar with three canals in the mesial and distal roots, diagnosed with …


Modified Maxillary Palatal Ramp Prosthesis To Guide Mandibular Deviation Following Segmental Mandibulectomy For Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Manu Rathee, Sujata Chahal, Maqbul Alam, Prachi Jain 2022 Department of Prosthodontics, Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Rohtak, India

Modified Maxillary Palatal Ramp Prosthesis To Guide Mandibular Deviation Following Segmental Mandibulectomy For Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Manu Rathee, Sujata Chahal, Maqbul Alam, Prachi Jain

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Benign or malignant tumor is one of the frequent causes of resection of the mandible. The extent and location of the tumor decides the mode of treatment of the neoplastic lesion. Surgical removal of oral neoplasm leads to an extensive resection of the mandible along with the associated structures. Objective: This case report describes the use of palatal ramp prosthesis to guide the mandible during movements and restore a stable occlusal relationship with an additional acrylic buccal pad to achieve partial esthetics. Case Report: A 30-years-old female patient reported with the inability to chew food following the mandibular resection of …


Advances And Updates On Open-Access Publishing By The Ijom, Nancy Pearl Solomon 2022 IAOM

Advances And Updates On Open-Access Publishing By The Ijom, Nancy Pearl Solomon

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

An online, open-access, no-fee model of the International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy (IJOM) was established in December 2020 and includes all archived articles back to the journal’s origin in 1975. While aiming to increase content for the journal, the Editorial Review Board (ERB) has also been diligent about maintaining high standards for publication. This note From the Editor highlights recent publications, conference proceedings, and special issues. It also lists updates and challenges in terms of policies and practices. The IJOM remains both a traditional association-supported journal and is on the cutting edge of open-access publishing.


Multidisciplinary Retreatment Of Skeletal Class Ii Malocclusion With Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Multiple Prosthesis, Si-Rong Chen, Cheng-Hui Lin, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko 2022 Graduate Institute of Dental and d Craniofacial Science, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Multidisciplinary Retreatment Of Skeletal Class Ii Malocclusion With Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Multiple Prosthesis, Si-Rong Chen, Cheng-Hui Lin, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder syndrome, especially in the middle-aged, obese men population. Patients suffer from an interrupted sleep at night, which could be life-threatening. Treatment alternatives include continuous positive airway pressure, mandible advanced device, nasal surgery and maxillo-mandibular advancement surgery. This article presented a patient who came with chief complaints of lower jaw retrusion, poor sleep quality, unsatisfactory occlusion and old prosthesis. The patient had declined the surgical-orthodontics in 12 years ago, and went for another camouflage orthodontic treatment with extraction of teeth and multiple prosthesis. He presented with skeletal Class II with retrognathic mandible …


Camouflage Treatment Of Skeletal Anterior Open Bite With Tongue Training, Cheng-Han Sie, Wen-Ken Tai, Chih-Chen Chou, Po-Yu Yang, Jung-Chun Yeh, Chun-Te Ho, Chia-Tze Kao 2022 Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Camouflage Treatment Of Skeletal Anterior Open Bite With Tongue Training, Cheng-Han Sie, Wen-Ken Tai, Chih-Chen Chou, Po-Yu Yang, Jung-Chun Yeh, Chun-Te Ho, Chia-Tze Kao

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

The aim of this case report was to present an adult patient who suffered from poor occlusal function and poor aesthetic appearance due to skeletal anterior open bite. After orthodontic treatment, she was satisfied with improvements of mastication and esthetics. A case of 20-year-old female with skeletal Class II jaw relationship, mandible retrognathism and anterior open bite without signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorder. Intraoral examination showed premature contact over bilateral posterior teeth and the forward resting position of tongue. Our treatment plan was orthodontic camouflage with extraction of all first premolars and tongue training. As forward resting position of …


Quality Of Life Changes In Taiwanese Patients With Dentofacial Deformities Undergoing Orthognathic Surgery, Jing Hao Ng, I-Chen Lee, Becky Chiang-Lin Liu, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko 2022 Department of Orthodontics, National Dental Centre Singapore, Singapore.

Quality Of Life Changes In Taiwanese Patients With Dentofacial Deformities Undergoing Orthognathic Surgery, Jing Hao Ng, I-Chen Lee, Becky Chiang-Lin Liu, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Objectives: The evaluation of orthognathic surgery (OgS) is shifting towards a coherent approach for patient care that balances objective clinician-defined measures with patient-centred outcome assessments, including health-related quality of life (QoL). This aim of this study adds to the pool of literature in East Asian subjects by studying the longitudinal QoL changes in Taiwanese patients with dentofacial deformities (DFD) undergoing OgS, using two standardized questionnaires at three different treatment stages. Materials and Methods: This prospective cohort study comprised 113 consecutive Taiwanese OgS patients who underwent surgical-orthodontic treatment between 2015 and 2018. The subjects completed SF-36 and OHIP-14 standardized questionnaires with …


Comparison Of Bone Thickness In Infrazygomatic Crest Area At Various Miniscrew Insertion Angles: A Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Study, Rajju Dangal, Rabindra Man Shrestha, Jyoti Dhakal, Sujita Shrestha, Alka Gupta, Shreya Shah 2022 Department of Orthodontics, Kantipur Dental College, Kathmandu Nepal

Comparison Of Bone Thickness In Infrazygomatic Crest Area At Various Miniscrew Insertion Angles: A Cone-Beam Computed Tomographic Study, Rajju Dangal, Rabindra Man Shrestha, Jyoti Dhakal, Sujita Shrestha, Alka Gupta, Shreya Shah

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Introduction: The infrazygomatic crest (IZC) is an alternative site for miniscrew anchorage. It is important to analyze the anatomy of the region during preoperative planning to minimize the risk of unwanted tooth movement and injury to the vital structures. The literatures on the clinical application of miniscrew in IZC is scarce. Objective: To determine bone thickness, height and angle of insertion of miniscrew in the IZC region. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional observational comparative study included 44 patients above18 years. IZC bone thickness and height of miniscrew insertion were measured on cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) records. Student t-test was done …


Cephalometric Analysis: History And Clinical Application, Ib Leth Nielsen 2022 Department of Orofacial Sciences, Division of Orthodontics University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA

Cephalometric Analysis: History And Clinical Application, Ib Leth Nielsen

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

When roentgen cephalometry was first introduced to the orthodontic profession in 1931 by Broadbent in the USA and Hofrath in Germany it was a major milestone in terms of new diagnostic tools available to orthodontists. Until that time only clinical observation and study casts of the patients had been available to the clinician but now a more in depth understanding of the facial makeup became possible. This meant that each patient’s malocclusion could now be related to their facial skeletal and dental morphology. The dentoalveolar components could now be studied in detail and better treatment plans could be developed that …


A High-Accuracy Detection System: Based On Transfer Learning For Apical Lesions On Periapical Radiograph, Yueh Chuo, Wen-Ming Lin, Tsung-Yi Chen, Mei-Ling Chan, Yu-Sung Chang, Yan-Ru Lin, Yuan-Jin Lin, Yu-Han Shao, Chiung-An Chen, Patricia Angela R. Abu 2022 Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan City, Taiwan

A High-Accuracy Detection System: Based On Transfer Learning For Apical Lesions On Periapical Radiograph, Yueh Chuo, Wen-Ming Lin, Tsung-Yi Chen, Mei-Ling Chan, Yu-Sung Chang, Yan-Ru Lin, Yuan-Jin Lin, Yu-Han Shao, Chiung-An Chen, Patricia Angela R. Abu

Department of Information Systems & Computer Science Faculty Publications

Apical Lesions, one of the most common oral diseases, can be effectively detected in daily dental examinations by a periapical radiograph (PA). In the current popular endodontic treatment, most dentists spend a lot of time manually marking the lesion area. In order to reduce the burden on dentists, this paper proposes a convolutional neural network (CNN)-based regional analysis model for spical lesions for periapical radiographs. In this study, the database was provided by dentists with more than three years of practical experience, meeting the criteria for clinical practical application. The contributions of this work are (1) an advanced adaptive threshold …


Effectiveness Of Platelet- Rich Fibrin With Beta Tri-Calcium Phosphate Plus Calcium Sulfate On Periodontal Intrabony Defect Management (Randomized Controlled Clinical Study), Nancy Traboulsi, Essam Osman, Nayer Abo Elsaad 2022 Resident in Periodontology Masters Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Effectiveness Of Platelet- Rich Fibrin With Beta Tri-Calcium Phosphate Plus Calcium Sulfate On Periodontal Intrabony Defect Management (Randomized Controlled Clinical Study), Nancy Traboulsi, Essam Osman, Nayer Abo Elsaad

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of beta tri-calcium phosphate plus calcium sulfate mix, with or without platelet rich fibrin in reducing probing periodontal pockets clinically and defect depths radiographically, while increasing clinical attachment levels to reconstruct intrabony defects in human clinical trials. Materials and Methods: Sixteen participants with periodontal intrabony defects ≥ 5 mm were divided into two equal groups. The first eight intrabony defects in study group received platelet rich fibrin mixed with EthOss ®; while the eight remaining intrabony defects in control group were reconstructed only with EthOss® synthetic bone substitute. Freidman ANOVA …


Prosthetic Management Of Interruptive Mandibular Defects, Saloua HAMZAOUI, Mohamed AZHARI, Hasnaa ROKHSSI, Majid SAKOUT, Oussama BENTAHAR 2022 Association of Arab Universities

Prosthetic Management Of Interruptive Mandibular Defects, Saloua Hamzaoui, Mohamed Azhari, Hasnaa Rokhssi, Majid Sakout, Oussama Bentahar

International Arab Journal of Dentistry

Mandibular substance loss is one of the most frequent acquired defects of the maxillofacial mass. Several etiologies have been described, the most frequent of which are tumours and traumas. The most commonly used prosthetic classification takes into consideration the bone continuity of the mandible, thus there are marginal defect mandibular substance preserving bone continuity and segmental defect with basal bone discontinuity. These bone defects lead to numerous functional complications (loss the dental occlusion, decreased chewing efficiency, lack of stalling during swallowing, phonatory disorder related to the change in the buccal resonance cavity) and aesthetic complications (facial asymmetry due to lateral …


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