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Community Health Nursing In Ghana: Dental Hygiene, Alexis Llewellyn 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Community Health Nursing In Ghana: Dental Hygiene, Alexis Llewellyn

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Dental hygiene is an important contributor to our overall health. Poor dental hygiene practices can lead to plaque buildup, cavities formation, tooth decay, and infection. Infection that began as a result of poor oral hygiene can spread to other parts of the body and cause more serious conditions to develop. Dental health is not a priority among Ghanaian residents and there is a need for updated, evidence based research about this topic. This literature review focuses on community health nursing in Ghana, Africa regarding dental hygiene of the pediatric population in this country. The primary focus is to compare the ...


Multiple Oral Ulcerations In A Seizure Patient With Undiagnosed Brain Arteriovenous Malformation, Ambar Kusuma Astuti, Febrina Rahmayanti 2021 Department of Oral Medicine Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia

Multiple Oral Ulcerations In A Seizure Patient With Undiagnosed Brain Arteriovenous Malformation, Ambar Kusuma Astuti, Febrina Rahmayanti

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Multiple ulcerations are rarely caused by a traumatic event, but seizures can induce repeated injury to the oral mucosa. A patient with a seizure history possesses a challenge in their dental management. Objective: In order to describe a case of multiple oral ulceration in a post-seizure patient with undiagnosed arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in the left parietal lobe and provide short guidelines for dentists in managing patient with a seizure history. Case report: A 23-years old female had multiple oral ulceration in the right and left buccal mucosa and her tongue. She reported having a seizure attack six days before. The ...


Effect Of Passive Tobacco Smoking Exposure On The Periodontal Status Of Turkish Children, Raif ALAN, Onur GEZGİN, Emre KORKUT, Şükriye TÜRKOĞLU, Esra ÇELİK, Seyfullah HALİLOĞLU 2021 Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17100, Canakkale, Turkey

Effect Of Passive Tobacco Smoking Exposure On The Periodontal Status Of Turkish Children, Raif Alan, Onur Gezgin, Emre Korkut, Şükriye Türkoğlu, Esra Çelik, Seyfullah Haliloğlu

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This study aimed to assess the effect of passive tobacco smoking (PTS) through the comparison of the periodontal status and the C-reactive protein (CRP) and cotinine levels in the biologic fluids in children who are exposed and unexposed to PTS. Methods: A total of 148 participants, whom had smokers (PTS-exposed, n=82) and non-smokers (PTS-unexposed, n=66) in their families, respectively, were included in the study. Gingival index, plaque index, probing depth, and bleeding on probing were recorded. Moreover, saliva, urine, and gingival crevicular fluid samples were collected. CRP and cotinine levels in the biological fluids were determined by ...


Periodontal Parameters And Anti-Cardiolipin Antibodies Following Periodontal Therapy In Chronic Periodontitis, Wan Majdiah Wan Mohamad, Noor Rashidah Saad, Siti Lailatul Akmar Zainuddin, Haslina Taib 2021 School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Periodontal Parameters And Anti-Cardiolipin Antibodies Following Periodontal Therapy In Chronic Periodontitis, Wan Majdiah Wan Mohamad, Noor Rashidah Saad, Siti Lailatul Akmar Zainuddin, Haslina Taib

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Anti-cardiolipin (anti-CL) antibodies are autoantibodies which are directed against cell membrane phospholipids. A significant number of periodontitis patients showed positive for anti-CL antibody. Objective: This study aimed to determine the periodontal parameters and anti-CL antibodies levels before and after non-surgical periodontal therapy in chronic periodontitis. Methods: This cross-sectional study had been carried out at Periodontal Clinic, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia. Thirty five chronic periodontitis (CP) and 39 non-periodontitis (NP) patients underwent clinical periodontal examination at baseline. Plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), periodontal pocket depth (PPD), and clinical attachment loss (CAL) were measured. Scaling and polishing ...


Assessment Of Gingival Status And Gingival Overgrowth Among Immunosuppressed Patients In Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital, Wan Majdiah Wan Mohamad, Syamimi Izzati Mat Zaid, Haslina Taib 2021 School of Dental Sciences, USM Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia 2School of Medical

Assessment Of Gingival Status And Gingival Overgrowth Among Immunosuppressed Patients In Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital, Wan Majdiah Wan Mohamad, Syamimi Izzati Mat Zaid, Haslina Taib

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Drug-induced gingival overgrowth (DIGO) is defined as an abnormal growth of the gingiva due to adverse effect of some drugs such as immunosuppressant, calcium channel blocker, and anticonvulsant. Immunosuppressive drugs play an important role in controlling organ transplant rejection and were widely used to treat different diseases. Objective: Immunosuppressive drugs are used for prevention of transplant rejection and management of autoimmune disease. Drug-induced gingival overgrowth (GO) is abnormal growth of gingiva due to adverse effect of these drugs. This study aimed to assess the gingival status, the prevalence of gingival overgrowth and its associated factors among immunosuppressed patients. Methods: A ...


The Role Of Peer Influence On Oral Health Knowledge And Behaviors Among Adolescents, Maryam Sadeghipour Roudsari, Seyed Peyman Shariatpanahi, Mahshid Namdari, Mohammad Hossein Khoshnevisan, Mahsa Malek-Mohammadi, Mohammad Hadi Foroughmand 2021 Dental Research Center, Research Institute of Dental Sciences, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Community Oral Health Department, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences(SBMU)., Tehran, IR-Iran

The Role Of Peer Influence On Oral Health Knowledge And Behaviors Among Adolescents, Maryam Sadeghipour Roudsari, Seyed Peyman Shariatpanahi, Mahshid Namdari, Mohammad Hossein Khoshnevisan, Mahsa Malek-Mohammadi, Mohammad Hadi Foroughmand

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Although many researchers, in different social sciences fields, are being attracted to the new potential promotional phenomenon, the influence of peer connections, the literature in dental public health is very poor. Objective: This article investigates the role of peer influence on individuals’ oral health knowledge and behavior among adolescents. Methods: The purpose of the study was to explore the correlation between secondary school students’ oral health u and knowledge within friendship groups. A valid and reliable questionnaire was developed. A total of 421 students (228 boys and 193 girls) aged between 12-13 years old participated in the study. Ordinal regression ...


Class Ii Malocclusion And Traumatized Incisors In Adolescent With Twin Block And Fixed Appliance, Ying Hsu, Yu-Chuan Tseng, Shih-Chieh Chen 2021 Kaohsiung Medical University

Class Ii Malocclusion And Traumatized Incisors In Adolescent With Twin Block And Fixed Appliance, Ying Hsu, Yu-Chuan Tseng, Shih-Chieh Chen

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

This case report presents the outcome of atypical extraction and effect of Twin Block appliance on a growing adolescent. A 12-year-old boy who had complained about protrusive upper lips after being involved in a traffic accident. Tooth 11 was replanted at a local dental clinic, while tooth 21 was lost. In extra-oral examination, this patient had convex profile, obtuse nasolabial angle, and receded chin position. In intra-oral examination, bilateral Class II molar and canine relation were shown, the overjet was 11 mm between tooth 11 and 41; 7 mm between tooth 22 and 31; the overbite was 6 mm. Cephalometric ...


C15: Effects Of Perceived Vs Actual Frequency Of Rewards On Orthodontic Patient Attitudes And Compliance, Alan Yee 2021 Roseman University of Health Sciences

C15: Effects Of Perceived Vs Actual Frequency Of Rewards On Orthodontic Patient Attitudes And Compliance, Alan Yee

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


The Value Of Postoperative Appointments Following Full Mouth Dental Rehabilitation Under General Anesthesia, Priyanka Patel 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Value Of Postoperative Appointments Following Full Mouth Dental Rehabilitation Under General Anesthesia, Priyanka Patel

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: Follow-up appointments after full mouth dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia (GA) have been suggested as a method for preventing future caries and need for repeat treatment under GA. The purpose of this study is to determine current practitioner and parental perceived value of the postoperative GA appointment.

Methods: Three separate surveys were administered for this study. The pre-appointment survey asked about the guardian’s desire to have a follow-up appointment. At the follow-up appointment, the post-appointment survey ascertained the level of patient satisfaction with their follow-up appointment and postoperative experience. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) members were e-mailed ...


Value Of Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire In Referrals For Obstructive Sleep Apnea At Vcu Pediatric Dental Clinic, Elizabeth H. Hering 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University

Value Of Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire In Referrals For Obstructive Sleep Apnea At Vcu Pediatric Dental Clinic, Elizabeth H. Hering

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the number of VCU pediatric dental patients screened for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) relative to the number of referrals made for a pediatric sleep study.

Methods: This was a retrospective chart review of children between the ages of 1-18 years seen at the VCU Pediatric Dental Clinic between 2016-2020. Patients with a completed sleep apnea screening questionnaire in the health history form or sleep apnea form/referral were identified. The data was used to determine how many referrals were made for a pediatric sleep study in patients screening positive for sleep ...


The Effect Of Local Anesthesia When Used In Dental Restorative Cases Under General Anesthesia On Control Of Intraoperative Physiologic Parameters And Post-Operative Comfort, Kathryn S. Skarda 2021 Pediatric Dental Resident

The Effect Of Local Anesthesia When Used In Dental Restorative Cases Under General Anesthesia On Control Of Intraoperative Physiologic Parameters And Post-Operative Comfort, Kathryn S. Skarda

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose:

To determine the effect of local anesthesia on post-operative pain and physiologic parameters intraoperatively in patients undergoing dental care under general anesthesia.

Methods:

This study was modeled as a double-blinded randomized control trial. Patients included healthy children under the age of six scheduled for restorative dental treatment under general anesthesia. Patient behavior was evaluated pre and post-operatively using the FLACC score and post-operatively using the Parental Pain Score Measure. Intraoperatively, all participants followed a standardized general anesthesia protocol and were given either local anesthetic infiltration by the dental surgeon performing the surgery or no anesthesia was utilized. Intraoperatively physiologic ...


Trimming And Ph Effects On Nickel Ion Release From Stainless Steel Crowns Of Primary Teeth, Milad Arab-Nozari, Mohammad Shokrzadeh, Nastaran Zamehran, Jamshid Yazdani Charati, Azam Nahvi 2020 Department of Toxicology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Islamic Azad University, Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Amol, Iran.

Trimming And Ph Effects On Nickel Ion Release From Stainless Steel Crowns Of Primary Teeth, Milad Arab-Nozari, Mohammad Shokrzadeh, Nastaran Zamehran, Jamshid Yazdani Charati, Azam Nahvi

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: Stainless steel crowns (SSCs) are preformed metal crowns used to restore severely decayed primary teeth. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of pH changes and SSC margin trimming on nickel release in artificial saliva solution. Methods: A total of 90 SSCs were divided into three groups and placed in 35 ml of artificial saliva of pH 6.8, 5, and 3.5. Another group consisting 30 SSCs with trimmed margins was placed in saliva of pH 6.8. All SSCs were incubated at 37°C. The concentration of released nickel was assessed on days 1 ...


Comparative Evaluation Of Apical Extrusion Debris And Irrigant During Calcium Hydroxide Removal And Endodontic Instrumentation Using Three Types Of Instrumentation Systems, Selen İnce Yusufoğlu, Esma Saricam 2020 Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry , Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey

Comparative Evaluation Of Apical Extrusion Debris And Irrigant During Calcium Hydroxide Removal And Endodontic Instrumentation Using Three Types Of Instrumentation Systems, Selen İnce Yusufoğlu, Esma Saricam

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Many root canal preparation techniques and instruments produce apically extruded materials to a certain extent depending on the preparation system adopted. The extrusion of debris from the apical foramen during chemomechanical preparation may cause postoperative pain and failure of endodontic treatment. Objective: This study evaluates the differences in the apical extrusion of debris and calcium hydroxide (CH) during endodontic instrumentation by using Reciproc Blue (RB), WaveOne Gold (WOG), and F6 Skytaper (F6). Methods: Six experimental study groups (n = 13) were established. The root canal procedures for all groups were prepared with different methods: Group I: One Shape (OS) instrumentation, CH ...


Reliability Of Panoramic Radiography For Vertical Facial Pattern Assessment, Waqar Jeelani, Maheen Ahmed, Shakeel Ahmed 2020 Department of Orthodontics, Bakhtawar Amin Medical and Dental College, Multan, Pakistan

Reliability Of Panoramic Radiography For Vertical Facial Pattern Assessment, Waqar Jeelani, Maheen Ahmed, Shakeel Ahmed

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The orthopantomogram (OPG) is a common dental screening radiograph that has multiple implications. However, lateral cephalogram is the investigation of choice for the assessment of vertical facial pattern. Objective: The aim of the current study was to investigate the validity of an OPG parameter i.e. panoramic gonial angle (PGoA) for the assessment of the vertical facial pattern. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on the pretreatment OPG and lateral cephalograms of 200 orthodontic patients aged 15-40 years. The PGoA was measured on both sides and an average was used for statistical analysis. The Pearson’s correlations of PGoA were ...


Effect Of Salivary Ph On Water Absorption And Solubility Of Enhanced Resin- Modified Glass Ionomer, Yosi Kusuma Eriwati, Muhammad Dhiaulfikri, Ellyza Herda 2020 Department of Dental Material Science, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, 10430, Indonesia

Effect Of Salivary Ph On Water Absorption And Solubility Of Enhanced Resin- Modified Glass Ionomer, Yosi Kusuma Eriwati, Muhammad Dhiaulfikri, Ellyza Herda

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The influence of immersion period and liquid pH on water absorption capacity and solubility of the resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) raises the question of whether the critical pH of hydroxyapatite and fluoroapatite influences the water absorption capacity and solubility of enhanced resin-modified glass ionomer (ERMGI). Objective: This study was designed to investigate the effects of immersion periods and various pH levels of artificial saliva on the water absorption and solubility of RMGIC and ERMGI. Methods: Fifty-four disc-shaped specimens (15 mm x 1 mm) of enhanced RMGI (ACTIVATM BioACTIVE-RESTORATIVE, Pulpdent, Watertown, MA, USA) and 54 disc-shaped specimens (15 mm x ...


Evaluation Of Maxillary Impacted Teeth And Their Relationship With Adjacent Teeth And Anatomic Structures With Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Emre Köse, Emin Murat Canger 2020 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey

Evaluation Of Maxillary Impacted Teeth And Their Relationship With Adjacent Teeth And Anatomic Structures With Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Emre Köse, Emin Murat Canger

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This study aimed to examine the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of impacted maxillary canines and mesiodentes. Methods: This retrospective radiographic study was performed on 177 patients with 200 impacted maxillary canines and 12 mesiodentes. Using CBCT images, the unilateral/bilateral occurrence, presence of root dilaceration, mesio-distal and buccopalatal location, impaction condition, contact region of adjacent teeth, presence and degree of root resorption of adjacent teeth, dental follicle width, closest distance to the nasal cavity, nasopalatinal canal, and maxillary sinus were assessed. For mesiodentes, the types, follicle width, direction, and relationship with anatomical structures were evaluated. Results: No ...


Nanomaterials And Nanorobotics In Dentistry: A Review, Yelda Kasimoglu, Derya Tabakcilar, Zeynep A. Guclu, Seiko Yamamoto-Nemoto, Elif B. Tuna, Bugra Ozen, Tamer Tuzuner, Gökhan Ince 2020 Istanbul University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pedodontics, Istanbul, Turkey,

Nanomaterials And Nanorobotics In Dentistry: A Review, Yelda Kasimoglu, Derya Tabakcilar, Zeynep A. Guclu, Seiko Yamamoto-Nemoto, Elif B. Tuna, Bugra Ozen, Tamer Tuzuner, Gökhan Ince

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Nanotechnology is a branch of science focusing on the manipulation of materials measured on the nanoscale (size = 1–100 nm). Recent advances in the field of nanodentistry have resulted in the development of alternative treatment plans for common dental problems, bringing about a paradigm shift in dentistry. Nanorobots, also known as “nanites” or “nanomachines,” are theoretical microscopic devices that may be used for the diagnosis and treatment of oral health problems. This paper aims to discuss the latest innovations in the field of nanodentistry.


Treatment Of A Class I Malocclusion With Severe Crowding Using Passive Self-Ligating Brackets, Agita Pramustika, Retno Widayati 2020 Orthodontics Residency Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia

Treatment Of A Class I Malocclusion With Severe Crowding Using Passive Self-Ligating Brackets, Agita Pramustika, Retno Widayati

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Presently, dental crowding is the most common problem among orthodontic patients. The prevalence of crowding in the dental arch is significantly increased in modern dentitions, and it is the most common reason why patients pursue orthodontic treatment. Objective: To report an advanced bracket systems, namely self-ligating brackets, to increase the efficacy of orthodontic treatment especially in patients with severe crowding. Case Report: A 22-year-old female patient presented with severe crowding of the maxillary and mandibular arches. In the upper arch, both second premolars were palatally positioned; in the lower arch, the lower right canine was lingually positioned and the lower ...


Effect Of Short- And Long-Term Use Of Home And In-Office Bleaching With Carbamide Peroxide And Hydrogen Peroxide On Enamel Microhardness, Nazila Ameli, Niloofar Kianvash Rad, Farzane Nikpour, Raheb Ghorbani, Shadi Mohebi 2020 Department of Orthodontics, Dental School, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran

Effect Of Short- And Long-Term Use Of Home And In-Office Bleaching With Carbamide Peroxide And Hydrogen Peroxide On Enamel Microhardness, Nazila Ameli, Niloofar Kianvash Rad, Farzane Nikpour, Raheb Ghorbani, Shadi Mohebi

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Bleaching is a well-known esthetic dental treatment performed to lighten the tooth shade. Among different cosmetic dental procedures, including direct and indirect tooth-colored restorations, bleaching is likely the most conservative approach. Bleaching has been accepted well by patients and proven as a safe and effective approach. Objective: Tooth bleaching can be conducted at home or in offices. This study was performed to compare the enamel microhardness before bleaching and one and eight weeks after the application of different bleaching agents. Methods: Forty human premolars were randomly divided into four groups, and their buccal surface underwent a Vickers microhardness test before ...


Direct Composite Resin Restoration Of Anterior Maxillary Teeth And Esthetic Smile Design: A Case Report, Christina Widya Nugrohowati, Wignyo Hadriyanto, Tunjung Nugraheni 2020 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia

Direct Composite Resin Restoration Of Anterior Maxillary Teeth And Esthetic Smile Design: A Case Report, Christina Widya Nugrohowati, Wignyo Hadriyanto, Tunjung Nugraheni

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Dental esthetic complex involves more than one caries with malformed shape and malposition. Dental trauma most commonly affects maxillary anterior teeth, and subsequently affects the esthetics, functions, and psychological well-being of the individual. Composite resins have become an integral part of contemporary restorative and minimally invasive dentistry. Objective: To summarize the successful use of direct composite resin restoration in the management of a 29-year old male patient. Case Report: A 29-year old male patient presenting with multiple secondary caries and crown fractures in the anterior maxillary teeth, resulting in an unaesthetic smile. Comprehensive esthetic dental treatment was carried out. The ...


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