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Endodontics and Endodontology Commons

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Assessment Of The Effects Of Edentulousness On Temporomandibular Components By Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Büşra Arıkan, Numan Dedeoğlu, Şuayip Burak Duman 2022 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Inönü University, Malatya, Turkey

Assessment Of The Effects Of Edentulousness On Temporomandibular Components By Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography, Büşra Arıkan, Numan Dedeoğlu, Şuayip Burak Duman

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of edentulousness on the temporomandibular joint using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: In this study, CBCT images were evaluated in a total of 48 patients (24 dentulous, 24 edentulous). Ninety-six temporomandibular joint CBCT images were examined. Eminence inclination, condyle head widths and joint space were measured and statistically compared between the edentulous and dentulous groups. Results: The articular eminence inclination value the mediolateral width of the condyle and the anteroposterior width of the condyle were found significantly higher in the dentulous group than in the edentulous group. …


Comparison Of Ultrasonography And Cone Beam Computed Tomography In The Differential Diagnosis Of Periapical Lesions: A Prospective Radiopathological Study, Gozde Serindere, Ceren Aktuna Belgin, Mert Bulte, Didar Gursoy, Fariz Salimov 2022 Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey

Comparison Of Ultrasonography And Cone Beam Computed Tomography In The Differential Diagnosis Of Periapical Lesions: A Prospective Radiopathological Study, Gozde Serindere, Ceren Aktuna Belgin, Mert Bulte, Didar Gursoy, Fariz Salimov

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between ultrasonography (USG) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and the accuracy between histopathological diagnosis and preliminary diagnosis in the diagnosis of periapical lesion. Methods: 20 patients with periapical lesion in the jaw, were included in the study. The presence of expansion or perforation and dimensions of the lesion were performed with CBCT. In the examination of the lesion with USG, shape, echogenicity, vascularization of the lesion and the presence of buccal expansion and perforation, were determined. Subsequently, a biopsy was taken from the lesion for histopathological examination and …


Stereomicroscopic Evaluation Of Dentinal Microcracks After Instrumentation Of Curved Canal With Rotary Files In Two Motions, Nupur Vasava, Shreya Modi, Chintan Joshi, Sweety Thumar, Anisha Parmar, Kruti Jadawala 2022 Karnavati School of Dentistry, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India

Stereomicroscopic Evaluation Of Dentinal Microcracks After Instrumentation Of Curved Canal With Rotary Files In Two Motions, Nupur Vasava, Shreya Modi, Chintan Joshi, Sweety Thumar, Anisha Parmar, Kruti Jadawala

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: This study aimed to examine the effects of three distinct file systems with two motion types—rotary and reciprocation—on the development of dentinal microcracks after root canal preparation using a stereomicroscope. Methods: Sixty mandibular molars with a curvature of 30° were decoronated and divided into three groups (Vortex Blue, Mtwo, and ProTaper Next) and two subgroups (rotary and reciprocating motions). The samples were then instrumented with the files, dyed with 1% methylene blue dye, and sectioned horizontally at 3, 6, and 9 mm from the root apex. The dentinal microcracks were inspected using a stereomicroscope at 40× magnification. One-way analysis …


Evaluation Of Dentoskeletal And Pharyngeal Airway Changes After Treatment With Twin Block And Monoblock Appliance In Growing Patients, Esra Genc, Ahmet Karaman, Gülşah Püskül 2022 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul Aydın University, Istanbul, Turkey

Evaluation Of Dentoskeletal And Pharyngeal Airway Changes After Treatment With Twin Block And Monoblock Appliance In Growing Patients, Esra Genc, Ahmet Karaman, Gülşah Püskül

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: To compare of pharyngeal airway dimensions and dentoskeletal changes after treatment with twin block (TWB) and monoblock (MB) appliance in growing patients. Methods: The sample was comprised of a total of 72 patients at the ages of 10 to 13. The TWB group consisted of 36 patients (22 females, 14 males, mean age: 11.9±1.5) and MB group consisted of 36 patients (18 females, 18 males, mean age: 11.8±1.2). The linear and angular measurements were evaluated on lateral cephalometric radiographs at beginning (T0) and end of treatment (T1). Results: The amounts of increase in the inferior airway space, L1xNB, IMPA …


Clinical And Radiographic Features Of Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome: A Case Report, G Subhas Babu, Devika S. Pillai, Shruthi Hegde, Padmaraj Hegde, Vidya Ajila 2022 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangaluru, India

Clinical And Radiographic Features Of Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome: A Case Report, G Subhas Babu, Devika S. Pillai, Shruthi Hegde, Padmaraj Hegde, Vidya Ajila

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome, also called as Gorlin Gotz syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the presence of multiple odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) of the jaw, basal cell carcinomas and skeletal anomalies. Presence of multiple OKCs is the first clinical manifestation in majority of the cases. Early diagnosis and treatment are of utmost importance in reducing the severity of this syndrome. We hereby report a rare case of Gorlin Goltz syndrome in a 28 years old female patient who presented with multiple cystic lesions in the jaws. Present case also highlights the clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features of …


Endodontic Management Of An Unusual Mandibular First Molar With Six Canals: A Case Report And Systematic Review, Sarah Ahmad, Syed Mukhtar -Un- Nisar Andrabi, Ashok Kumar, Surendra Kumar Mishra, Rajendra Kumar Tewari 2022 Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Dr. Z.A. Dental College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India

Endodontic Management Of An Unusual Mandibular First Molar With Six Canals: A Case Report And Systematic Review, Sarah Ahmad, Syed Mukhtar -Un- Nisar Andrabi, Ashok Kumar, Surendra Kumar Mishra, Rajendra Kumar Tewari

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The permanent mandibular first molar is frequently involved in conventional root canal treatment due to its function and position in the oral cavity. Additional root canals mandate accurate diagnosis and conservative management to prevent any procedural errors. The first independent middle mesial canal incidence was verified in mandibular molars in 1974, with a global incidence of 10.8–27.0%. Reporting of the middle distal canal in the endodontic literature is scarce, with an incidence of 0.2–3%. The present case report describes the endodontic management of an unusual permanent mandibular first molar with three canals in the mesial and distal roots, diagnosed with …


Electromyographic Activity Of Masticatory Muscles In Asymptomatic Young Adults, Aneta Wieczorek, Malgorzata Pihut, Jolanta E. Loster 2022 Jagiellonian University Medical College, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Dentistry, Department of Prosthodontics and Orthodontics, Krakow, Poland

Electromyographic Activity Of Masticatory Muscles In Asymptomatic Young Adults, Aneta Wieczorek, Malgorzata Pihut, Jolanta E. Loster

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Introduction: The masseter and the anterior part of the temporalis are the muscles mainly responsible for the clenching function. Clenching patterns and the activity of these muscles are not expected to differ between male and females, nor between different occlusal classes. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether the activity index of the masseter and temporalis muscles is related to occlusal class and gender. Methods: This study involved 145 eighteen-year-old Caucasian volunteers who underwent surface electromyography. The sEMG was analyzed at the moment of 100% occlusal contact. Occlusal classes were determined used plaster casts. …


Fractal Analysis Of Subchondral Cyst At Mandibular Condyle Detected On Panoramic Radiograph In A Group Of Thai Population, Aloysius Putut Wijanarko, Preeyaporn Srimawong, Suchaya Pornprasertsuk-Damrongsri, Apirum Janhom 2022 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Fractal Analysis Of Subchondral Cyst At Mandibular Condyle Detected On Panoramic Radiograph In A Group Of Thai Population, Aloysius Putut Wijanarko, Preeyaporn Srimawong, Suchaya Pornprasertsuk-Damrongsri, Apirum Janhom

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objectives: This study aimed to analyze subchondral cyst on the mandibular condyle using fractal dimension (FD) measurement on a panoramic radiograph. Methods: This retrospective study examined 15 patients aged 24 to 75 years who had undergone panoramic radiography and cone-beam computed tomography on both sides of the mandibular condyles, between January 2013 and November 2017, in the Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic, Dental Hospital, Mahidol University. These 15 patients, all of whom had a subchondral cyst on one side of the mandibular condyle, constituted both the study and control groups: the 15 affected sides constituted the study group, …


The Effect Of Disc Displacement On Temporomandibular Joint Morphology In Patients With Disc Displacement, Melike Yurttaş, Esin Bozdemir, Şehnaz Evrimler 2022 Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Kutahya Health Sciences University, Kutahya, Turkey

The Effect Of Disc Displacement On Temporomandibular Joint Morphology In Patients With Disc Displacement, Melike Yurttaş, Esin Bozdemir, Şehnaz Evrimler

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: To examine the morphological properties of temporomandibular joint structures by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on patients with and without disc displacement (DD). Methods: Thirty-eight patients with disc displacement and 13 patients without disc displacement were included. Age, gender, and clinical findings such as pain, joint sounds of patients were recorded. The patients were classified as anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDWR) group, anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADDWoR) group, and control group on MRI. Disc morphology was categorized as biconcave, hemiconvex, biconvex, biplanar, or folded. Condyle morphology was characterized as convex, angled, flat, or rounded. Articular eminence …


Effects Of Lime (Citrus Aurantifolia Swingle) Peel Extract Addition To Periodontal Dressing On The Number Of Blood Vessels In The Gingival Wound Healing Process, Malianawati Fauzia, Savira Pratista Oktaviana 2022 Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia

Effects Of Lime (Citrus Aurantifolia Swingle) Peel Extract Addition To Periodontal Dressing On The Number Of Blood Vessels In The Gingival Wound Healing Process, Malianawati Fauzia, Savira Pratista Oktaviana

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Background: Periodontal dressings that are currently available can only protect wounds from mechanical trauma, but have no ability to accelerate wound healing. Lime (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle) peel extract added to periodontal dressing contains flavonoids which can stimulate the formation of new blood vessels, thus accelerating the healing process. Objective: To determine the effects of adding lime (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle) peel extract to periodontal dressing on the number of blood vessels in the gingival wound healing process. Methods: 32 rabbits with 2 mm wound made on the gingiva were divided into 8 groups. For the control groups of …


Iatrogenic Extrusion Of Calcium Silicate Cements On Teeth Associated With Large Periapical Lesion: A Case Report With 12-Month Follow-Up, Afiq Azizi Jawami, Eason Soo 2022 Centre of Comprehensive Care Studies, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sungai Buloh Selangor, Malaysia

Iatrogenic Extrusion Of Calcium Silicate Cements On Teeth Associated With Large Periapical Lesion: A Case Report With 12-Month Follow-Up, Afiq Azizi Jawami, Eason Soo

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Traumatic dental injuries can result in pulp necrosis and apical periodontitis, impairing root development. When this condition is left untreated, it causes inflammation in the tissues at the apex, which may lead to significant damage of the periapical alveolar bone. Tooth with open apex may have a risk of iatrogenic error of extrusion material during the stage of root canal obturation. Objective: This case report discussed the bone healing of large periapical lesion of an iatrogenic extrusion of calcium silicate cement in an open apex maxillary left central incisor. Case report: A 35-year-old female patient presented with a …


Evaluation Of Apical Debris Extrusion Of Two Full-Rotating Instruments, Hyflex Edm And Race Evo, Versus Two Reciprocating Instruments, Reciproc Blue And R-Motion: An In-Vitro Study., Carla Abi Saad, Roula Abiad 2022 Postgraduate Student. Faculty of Dentistry, Beirut Arab University

Evaluation Of Apical Debris Extrusion Of Two Full-Rotating Instruments, Hyflex Edm And Race Evo, Versus Two Reciprocating Instruments, Reciproc Blue And R-Motion: An In-Vitro Study., Carla Abi Saad, Roula Abiad

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Complete cleaning and shaping of the root canal space is a mandatory stage for the success of root canal treatment. Extrusion of different materials apically during this step such as dentine debris, pulp tissue remnants, necrotic fragments, microorganisms and irrigants may occur. These extruded materials lead to periapical irritation, pain and/or swelling. To evaluate the apical debris extrusion of Race EVO and Hyflex EDM which are full-rotating instruments, versus R-motion and Reciproc Blue as reciprocating instruments. Forty extracted human mandibular premolar teeth were selected with single canals not affected by fluorosis, resorption, or fracture. Teeth were then randomly divided into …


Different Irrigant Activation Techniques In Removing Dentin Debris: An In-Vitro Study, Maya T. Eter, Roula S. Abiad 2022 Master Student in Endodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Different Irrigant Activation Techniques In Removing Dentin Debris: An In-Vitro Study, Maya T. Eter, Roula S. Abiad

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

During endodontic treatment, the efficiency of irrigation depends on two criteria: the antimicrobial and dissolving properties of the irrigation solution and the delivery system used that dictates the flushing action of the irrigant and consequently enable it to reach complex areas. The purpose of this in-vitro study was to compare the cleaning efficiency of EDDY sonic activation with needle irrigation and passive ultrasonic activation regarding elimination of dentin debris. Forty single rooted extracted teeth were instrumented and then were split in bucco-lingual direction. A longitudinal groove was performed in the inner surface of one root half of each tooth. Grooves …


Evaluation Of The Effect Of Two Polishing Techniques And Thermocycling Process On Surface Roughness, Hardness, And Color Stability Of Composites, Muhammet Fidan, Zeynep Dereli 2022 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Usak University, Usak, Turkey

Evaluation Of The Effect Of Two Polishing Techniques And Thermocycling Process On Surface Roughness, Hardness, And Color Stability Of Composites, Muhammet Fidan, Zeynep Dereli

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two polishing techniques and 10.000 thermocycles on the color stability, surface roughness, and hardness of two nanohybrid (Tetric N-Ceram, Escom100) and one bulkfill (Filtek) resin composites. Methods: A total of 60 specimens were prepared using three resin composites and 20 discs from each composite. Specimens for each composite were randomly divided into two different polishing groups (Optrapol rubber and Sof-Lex discs) (n=10). Surface roughness (Ra, μm), microhardness (VHN), and color change (ΔE00) values were measured pre- and post-thermocycling. Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to evaluate …


A Comparison Of Four Different Methods Of Prediction Of Mesiodistal Widths Of Unerupted Permanent Canines And Premolars, Waqar Jeelani, Washma Asad, Maheen Ahmed 2022 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Bakhtawar Amin Medical and Dental College, Multan, Pakistan

A Comparison Of Four Different Methods Of Prediction Of Mesiodistal Widths Of Unerupted Permanent Canines And Premolars, Waqar Jeelani, Washma Asad, Maheen Ahmed

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The success of orthodontic treatment depends upon the accurate assessment of mesiodistal widths of unerupted canines and premolars in mixed dentition stage. There are several methods available for mixed dentition analysis with dubious reliability in our population. Objective: To statistically develop new prediction equations for Pakistani subjects to predict the widths of unerupted upper canines and premolars (U345) and lower canine and premolars (L345) using mesiodistal widths of lower incisors (I1I2) and lower incisors and first molars (I1I2M1) and compare their performance with previously established methods of Moyers and Tanaka-Johnston. Methods: Study was conducted using the data from the dental …


The Effects Of Two Instrumentation Techniques For Vdw.Rotate Instruments On The Apical Extrusion Of Debris And Irrigants: An In Vitro Study, Seda Falakaloğlu, Merve Yeniçeri Özata, Emre İriboz 2022 Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Afyonkarahisar Health Sciences University, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey

The Effects Of Two Instrumentation Techniques For Vdw.Rotate Instruments On The Apical Extrusion Of Debris And Irrigants: An In Vitro Study, Seda Falakaloğlu, Merve Yeniçeri Özata, Emre İriboz

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objectives: This study compared the amount of apically extruded debris and irrigant using VDW.ROTATE instruments with different kinematics (continuous rotation and reciprocation motion) and the ProTaper Gold system. Methods: Sixty extracted mandibular premolar teeth were selected. The teeth were prepared for the agar gel model. The roots were randomly divided into three groups (n=20). In two groups, the root canals were instrumented using the following movement kinematics: VDW.ROTATE reciprocation motion and continuous rotation. In the other group, root canals were prepared with ProTaper Gold. Apically extruded debris and irrigant during instrumentation were collected into preweighed Eppendorf tubes and were assessed …


Endodontic Management Of Mandibular First Molar With Four Roots - A Rare Case Report With Clinical Management Guidelines, Shaikh Shahbaz, Huma Iftekhar, Sharique Alam, Zehra Shavez 2022 Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India

Endodontic Management Of Mandibular First Molar With Four Roots - A Rare Case Report With Clinical Management Guidelines, Shaikh Shahbaz, Huma Iftekhar, Sharique Alam, Zehra Shavez

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Mandibular molar is usually two rooted with one mesial and one distal root. Additional roots are rare which requires accurate diagnosis and a methodical and scrupulous endodontic treatment. Objective: This paper aims to report the endodontic management of an unusual case of a mandibular permanent first molar with four roots (two mesial & two distal) and provide a clinical guideline to detect and manage these variant cases. Case report: A 15-year-old boy reported with a deep carious lesion in the lower left first molar (#36). The apical root contour of #36 on an intraoral periapical radiograph taken in different angulations …


Management Of Severe Localized Periodontal Destruction Associated With A Cemental Defect: A Case Report, Nik Madihah Nik Azis, Nurulhuda Mohd 2022 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Management Of Severe Localized Periodontal Destruction Associated With A Cemental Defect: A Case Report, Nik Madihah Nik Azis, Nurulhuda Mohd

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

This case involved the management of a possible cemental tear, which resulted in poor response to nonsurgical periodontal therapy. This case was managed by exploratory surgery, along with the intention to surgically reduce the periodontal pocket. Exploratory surgery revealed a localized cemental defect. The periodontium healed with pocket closure after exploratory surgery and open-flap debridement. The difficulty in clinically diagnosing a localized periodontal destruction and the lack of consensus on managing these cases were highlighted. The possibility of an undiagnosed cemental defect in a tooth with localized periodontitis should be considered in cases not responding to periodontal therapy.


Effect Of Brushing Time With A Whitening Dentifrice On Surface Roughness Of Anterior Composite Resins, Ahmet Hazar, Sinem Akgül, Sibel Koçak, Mustafa Murat Koçak 2022 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, Turkey

Effect Of Brushing Time With A Whitening Dentifrice On Surface Roughness Of Anterior Composite Resins, Ahmet Hazar, Sinem Akgül, Sibel Koçak, Mustafa Murat Koçak

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objectives: This study aimed to compare the surface roughness of three anterior composite resins with different filler size, rate, and shape after brushing for 5000, 10000, and 20000 cycles with a whitening dentifrice. Methods: 44 disk-shaped specimens of each material (5mm diameter, 2mm depth) G-aenial Anterior, Harmonize, Asteria were prepared and divided into four groups according to the brushing cycles (Initial, 5000, 10000, and 20000 cycles). Initial surface roughness values (Ra-values) were assessed using a profilometer and measurements were repeated after each brushing cycle. 4 specimens from each composite resin were observed by scanning electron microscopy before and after brushing. …


Salivary Iga Depression In Drug-Influenced Gingival Enlargement Among Hypertensive Patients, Muhammad Annurdin Sabarudin, Haslina Taib, Wan Majdiah Wan Mohamad, Siti Lailatul Akmar Zainuddin, Wan Syamimee Wan Ghazali, Ahmad Azhar Misran 2022 Department of Periodontology and Community Oral Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Jalan Pandan Utama, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Salivary Iga Depression In Drug-Influenced Gingival Enlargement Among Hypertensive Patients, Muhammad Annurdin Sabarudin, Haslina Taib, Wan Majdiah Wan Mohamad, Siti Lailatul Akmar Zainuddin, Wan Syamimee Wan Ghazali, Ahmad Azhar Misran

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Drug-influenced gingival enlargement (DIGE) among hypertensive patients is commonly associated with antihypertensive drugs such as calcium channel blockers (CCBs). Immune response alteration is one of the proposed mechanisms for DIGE. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) in saliva which involves in defense mechanism was shown to be affected in patients with DIGE. Objective: This study aimed to determine the association of salivary IgA level with DIGE. Methods: This cross-sectional study comprised 47 hypertensive patients who had consumed antihypertensive drugs for at least 3 months. Twenty-one (44.7%) males and 26 (55.3%) females had participated in this study. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 26.0. …


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