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Effect Of Two Different Forms Of Smoking On Periodontium : A Retrospective Study, Mohammed Wagdy Bissar 2022 Ain Shams university

Effect Of Two Different Forms Of Smoking On Periodontium : A Retrospective Study, Mohammed Wagdy Bissar

Future Dental Journal

Aim of the study: Is to compare the effects of smoking T-cigs and vaping E-cigs on clinical periodontal parameters in patients.Materials and Methods: It consisted of a clinical examination of a total of 60 individuals aged between 29 and 39 years. They responded to a questionnaire about their smoking history, and they were divided into 2 groups as E-cig vapers and T-cig smokers. Full-mouth plaque index (PI),bleeding on probing (BOP),clinical attachment loss (AL),and probing depth (PD) were measured at six sites per tooth on all maxillary and mandibular teeth except third molars. Results: T-cigarette had significantly ...


Assessment Of Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralisation Among A Group Of Egyptian Dentists (Observational Cross-Sectional Study), mohamed salah shalaby, Osama Ibrahim El-Shahawy Professor Dr, Eman Alaa, Manal Ahmed Mofied El-Shiekh 2022 B.D.Sc. Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University, 2005

Assessment Of Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralisation Among A Group Of Egyptian Dentists (Observational Cross-Sectional Study), Mohamed Salah Shalaby, Osama Ibrahim El-Shahawy Professor Dr, Eman Alaa, Manal Ahmed Mofied El-Shiekh

Future Dental Journal

Abstract:

Introduction: Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) is one of qualitative DED. MIH is increasing dramatically in the new generations, which is considered to be challenging for the majority of dentists. MIH was found to be prevalent in 14.2% of the world's population, with the high incidence 18% in South America and the least (10.9%) in Africa. This study was carried out to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of graduated Egyptian dentists' group regarding MIH condition and compare the outcome information among different dental specialists.

Material and methods: A google based questionnaire based on previously validated published ...


The Impact Of Oral Health On Low-Income Pregnant Women Living In The United States, Jill Diss, Olivia Ward 2022 Old Dominion University

The Impact Of Oral Health On Low-Income Pregnant Women Living In The United States, Jill Diss, Olivia Ward

Virginia Journal of Public Health

Abstract

Introduction: Oral health has a significant impact on pregnancy outcomes. Interprofessional collaboration can assist in bridging the gap between oral and systemic health and assist in optimizing the health of low-income pregnant women, infants, and children.

Methods: A literature review was used to ascertain the impact of oral health on adverse pregnancy outcomes. Research sources used in this literature review were gathered from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at the National Institutes of Health, PubMed, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Elsevier, Department of Medical Assistance Services (DMAS), the Office of the Surgeon General, and ...


An Exploratory Look Into The Effects Of Mississippi's Population Decline On Rural Dental Care, Allen Bailey Saffold 2022 University of Mississippi

An Exploratory Look Into The Effects Of Mississippi's Population Decline On Rural Dental Care, Allen Bailey Saffold

Honors Theses

Literature reviews and interviews with dentists working in rural Mississippi counties examined the effects of population decline on rural dental care in Mississippi. With the state’s continual population decline, loss of industry follows a loss of people. Through a cascade of effects, this can further reduce underserved areas’ access to dental care. In order to address the issue of rural Mississippi continuing to be underserved, policies need to be implemented that will make rural practice at least enticing if not desirable.


Assessment Of Dental Care In Children With Congenital Heart Disease, Mollie Walton 2022 Children's Mercy Hospital

Assessment Of Dental Care In Children With Congenital Heart Disease, Mollie Walton

Research Days

Background: The incidence of infective endocarditis (IE) is significantly higher in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) compared to the general population. Studies have investigated the incidence of IE in adults with CHD to identify the factors that contribute to the development of IE. One such factor is suboptimal oral health. Several studies have shown that children with CHD have higher levels of untreated oral disease as compared to children without CHD.

Objectives/Goal: Identify factors that may affect compliance with routine dental care, including: age, sex, severity of CHD, repair/palliation, and qualification for prophylactic antibiotics.

Methods/Design: A ...


Dental Students' Perceptions Of Dental Hygienists' Education And Scope Of Practice, Cynthia Metzger 2022 East Tennessee State University

Dental Students' Perceptions Of Dental Hygienists' Education And Scope Of Practice, Cynthia Metzger

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Oral health is strongly correlated to systemic health in the United States. Dental professionals play a significant role in addressing the oral health and prevention of disease for populations in the United States. Because many areas in the United States lack access to dental care, the federal government considers dental hygienists part of the solution. It is now paying attention to restrictive dental hygiene scope of practice rules in each state. State dental boards, comprised mainly of dentists, make these rules based on their perception of dental hygienists' lack of education. This study explored fourth-year dental students' perceptions of the ...


An Exploration Of Low-Income Dental Services In The Tri-Cities, Macie Proffitt 2022 East Tennessee State University

An Exploration Of Low-Income Dental Services In The Tri-Cities, Macie Proffitt

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Dental care has great importance in the overall health of every individual. Many do not realize the effect oral health plays in their overall health and many areas in the United States do not have access to the dental care needed to obtain proper healthcare standards. In many of these areas, such as the Appalachian region, dental services for low-income citizens are limited. Specifically, in the Northeast Tennessee region, these dental services are severely limited. Washington County and Hawkins County of Northeast Tennessee are specific underserved areas in the Appalachian region. The purpose of this project was to explore the ...


Bullied Because Of Their Teeth: Evidence From A Longitudinal Study On The Impact Of Oral Health On Bullying Victimization Among Australian Indigenous Children, Md Irteja Islam, Verity Chadwick, Tuguy Esgin, Alexandra Martiniuk 2022 Edith Cowan University

Bullied Because Of Their Teeth: Evidence From A Longitudinal Study On The Impact Of Oral Health On Bullying Victimization Among Australian Indigenous Children, Md Irteja Islam, Verity Chadwick, Tuguy Esgin, Alexandra Martiniuk

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Making life better for Indigenous peoples is a global priority. Although bullying and oral health have always been a topic of concern, there is limited information regarding the impact of this problem on the general population, with no evidence in this regard among the Australian Indigenous population. Thus, we aimed to quantify the relationship between bullying victimization and oral health problems by remoteness among 766 Australian Indigenous children aged between 10–15-years using data from the LSIC study. Bivariate and multilevel mixed-effect logistic regression analyses were employed. Findings indicated children self-reported bullying more than parents reported their children were being ...


Prevalence Of Temporomandibular Disorders Among Orthodontic Patients (Cross-Sectional Clinical Survey), Manar Souhail Youssef, Ahmad Tarabaih, Aly Osman 2022 Clinical Instructor, Faculty of Dentistry, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Prevalence Of Temporomandibular Disorders Among Orthodontic Patients (Cross-Sectional Clinical Survey), Manar Souhail Youssef, Ahmad Tarabaih, Aly Osman

BAU Journal - Health and Wellbeing

Orthodontic treatment as a risk factor for the development of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) has been a controversy in literature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of TMD, as defined in the Diagnostic Criteria (DC)/TMD Axis II, among orthodontic patients. A cross-sectional study (N=180) consisted of 3 groups: 60 control patients seeking orthodontic consultation, 60 patients undergoing orthodontic treatment for 3-5 months, 60 patients undergoing orthodontic treatment for 10-14 months. Patients answered a structured questionnaire that rated their oral parafunctions according to the Oral Behavior Checklist (OBC), pain intensity levels according to the Graded Chronic ...


Dental Students’ Perception, Attitude And Willingness To Interact With Mental Illness Patients: A Multicentre Cross-Sectional Study, Mazarina Nurdini Malek, Zainab Mat Yudin, Nor Faharina Abdul Hamid, Nor Asilah Harun, Suzanna Awang Bono, Mohamad Arif Awang Nawi 2022 School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Dental Students’ Perception, Attitude And Willingness To Interact With Mental Illness Patients: A Multicentre Cross-Sectional Study, Mazarina Nurdini Malek, Zainab Mat Yudin, Nor Faharina Abdul Hamid, Nor Asilah Harun, Suzanna Awang Bono, Mohamad Arif Awang Nawi

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Mental illness is a psychological impairment involving emotions, cognitions, and behaviors, and its prevalence is increasing worldwide. Dental students may encounter patients with underlying psychological problems during their training. Objective: To evaluate dental students’ perception, attitude, and willingness to interact with patients with mental illness. Methods: A multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted involving undergraduates at three dental institutions in Malaysia using an online self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive data analysis was conducted and statistical analysis using chi-square test was done for associations (p < 0.05). Results: The response rate was 63% (225); the majority of respondents were female (77.8%) and of Malay ethnicity ...


The Development And Structure Of The Tooth Enamel And The Nature Of Deterioration, Anderson Hill 2022 Liberty University

The Development And Structure Of The Tooth Enamel And The Nature Of Deterioration, Anderson Hill

Senior Honors Theses

The tooth enamel is developed through a careful process to give its characteristic hardness, but bacteria colonization in the form of plaque and certain dietary habits can compromise this. The development of the tooth involves an intricate process that incorporates proteins and minerals to produce the toughest tissue in the human body. The enamel possesses a distinct crystal lattice with many minerals involved. Under acidic conditions, the integrity of the crystals that make up the tooth enamel can become compromised. Harmful bacteria, such as Streptococcus mutans of the mouth combine with carbohydrates that are consumed to produce acids that are ...


Simulating Implant Procedures In Dentistry, Brandon Patterson 2022 Eccles Health Sciences Library, University of Utah

Simulating Implant Procedures In Dentistry, Brandon Patterson

Frameless

The School of Dentistry in partnership with the health sciences library at the University of Utah developed VR simulations for dental implants. The benefits of using the technology included providing endless scenarios, evaluation measures, and experiential learning experiences for students [1]. The school administration found that the simulations kept pace with the requirements of regulatory authorities, helped reduce costs in dental education, and found that students who trained in VR scored significantly better than traditional methods largely due to their ability to repeat tasks and receive instant feedback [2, 3].


Oral Healthcare Education, Equity And Policy Implementation In Rural Honduran Communities, Alexander J.R. Dyke 2022 Grand Valley State University

Oral Healthcare Education, Equity And Policy Implementation In Rural Honduran Communities, Alexander J.R. Dyke

Honors Projects

Rural Honduras encompasses many individuals with limited access to a dental professional. Many public health studies demonstrate that dental shortage areas have more dental cavities, missing teeth, and more complex restorations that need periodic treatment. Dental hygiene is undermined at home with limited access to oral health advocates, and dental education becomes more essential. Here, we report an educational consensus and perspectives of rural Honduras through a questionnaire distributed at 13 mobile dental clinics in remote villages. To assess the effectiveness of education, the World Health Organization (WHO) has deemed two important indices in assessing trends: Community Periodontal Index of ...


Can Youtube Videos Be Helpful In Promoting Self-Performed Denture Hygiene?, Kubra Degirmenci, Serkan Saridag 2022 University of Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal, Bolu

Can Youtube Videos Be Helpful In Promoting Self-Performed Denture Hygiene?, Kubra Degirmenci, Serkan Saridag

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: The longevity and success of dentures depend on clinical factors and the appropriate application of various techniques as well as on patients’ denture hygiene. Recently, the Internet has become an attractive information source for individuals searching for answers to their questions on health-related subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the information provided by YouTube videos on denture hygiene and analyze their content in terms of scientific validity. Method: Various key words related to denture cleaning, hygiene, and care were used to search for videos on YouTube. Based on their scientific content, the included videos were classified ...


Utilization Of Medi-Cal Dental Benefits, Beatrice Bautista 2022 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Utilization Of Medi-Cal Dental Benefits, Beatrice Bautista

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Developing A Dental Trauma-Anxiety Measure Comparing U.S. And International Care, MARGARET TAJIRIAN 2022 Pepperdine University

Developing A Dental Trauma-Anxiety Measure Comparing U.S. And International Care, Margaret Tajirian

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

Background

The aim of this study was to improve upon the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) by developing the empathy-based International-Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (I-MDAS). This measure was produced and utilized to compare the dental experiences and anxiety levels of international patients versus national patients in the United States.

Methods

The I-MDAS is composed of the International scale and the original MDAS scale. Of 465 participants, 41.3% comprised the national population and 58.7% comprised the international population. Information about demographics, past negative dental experiences, and current dental anxiety was collected.

Results

There was no significant difference in dental ...


Influence Of Etching Methods On The Shear Bond Strength Of A Universal Adhesive System To Sound And Artificial Caries-Affected Dentin, Omnia M. Sami, Essam A. Naguib, Rasha H. Afifi, Shaymaa M. Nagi 2022 Conservative Dentistry Department, Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine, Future University, Cairo, Egypt

Influence Of Etching Methods On The Shear Bond Strength Of A Universal Adhesive System To Sound And Artificial Caries-Affected Dentin, Omnia M. Sami, Essam A. Naguib, Rasha H. Afifi, Shaymaa M. Nagi

Future Dental Journal

Abstract:

This study tested the effect of different etching methods on the bond strength of a universal adhesive system to caries-affected (CAD)and sound dentin. Methods: forty premolars were wet grinded to expose flat occlusal midcoronal dentin. Specimens were equally divided according to the substrate; sound and (CAD) by exposing to pH-cycling for 14 days. Each dentin substrate was bonded with Single BondTM universal adhesive applied either after no etching or etching of dentin, then resin composite was built up. Specimens were tested for shear bond strength (SBS). The data was analyzed by two-ways ANOVA. Results: Single BondTM ...


Evaluation Of Remaining Dentin Thickness After Manual And Rotary Instrumentation In Primary Molars Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography. (An In-Vitro Study), Nada Ashraf Eldemery, Osama Elshehawy, Rania Abdulla Nasr, Mahmoud Mohammed Badr 2022 Future university in Egypt

Evaluation Of Remaining Dentin Thickness After Manual And Rotary Instrumentation In Primary Molars Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography. (An In-Vitro Study), Nada Ashraf Eldemery, Osama Elshehawy, Rania Abdulla Nasr, Mahmoud Mohammed Badr

Future Dental Journal

Aim: To compare the radicular dentin thickness before and after instrumentation by manual stainless-steel (K-files) versus rotary files (AF™ Baby File) at coronal, middle, and apical thirds using Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT).

Materials and Methods: Forty roots of extracted mandibular primary molars were collected, and randomly and equally divided into 2 groups. Manual Group was prepared by K-files, and Rotary Group was prepared by rotary AF™ Baby File system. Samples were decapitated and stabilized in epoxy resin blocks. Samples were subjected to CBCT scan before and after instrumentation for radicular dentin thickness evaluation at 3 measuring points; apical, middle ...


An Overlooked Epidemic: Pediatric Oral Health Concerns On The Rise In Rural Communities, Emma Verbrugge 2022 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

An Overlooked Epidemic: Pediatric Oral Health Concerns On The Rise In Rural Communities, Emma Verbrugge

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Pediatric oral health is a concern for many dentists and parents as they lay the foundation for long-term proper hygiene in children. Early childhood caries (ECC) is a disease of chronic tooth decay marked as the most common chronic disease of childhood in the world. Children living in rural areas are even more susceptible to this disease and thus significant attention is needed to curve these numbers. The consequences of ECC are much more than just cosmetic, but include heightened risk of gingivitis, periodontal disease, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and much more. A foundational cause of poor dental hygiene lies with ...


Bonded Amalgam As A Fissure Sealant In Low-Income Setting: A Randomised Controlled Trial, Farhan Raza Khan, Samreen Liaquat, Ghazala Rafique, Syed Iqbal Azam, Arshad Hasan 2022 Aga Khan University

Bonded Amalgam As A Fissure Sealant In Low-Income Setting: A Randomised Controlled Trial, Farhan Raza Khan, Samreen Liaquat, Ghazala Rafique, Syed Iqbal Azam, Arshad Hasan

Section of Dental-Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

Objectives: To compare one year retention rate of bonded amalgam sealants (BAS) with that of conventional resin-based sealant (RBS).
Methods: It was a parallel group, equivalence, randomised controlled trial done during March 2018 to December 2019 at the dental clinics of Dow University of Health Sciences, and the Jinnah Sind Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan on children aged 12-16 years, who were randomly assigned to one of the two treatment groups (BAS vs. RBS). Complete retention of the sealant at one year follow-up was labeled as success. Multi-level mixed effect logistic regression model was employed. Study was registered at www.clinicaltrials ...


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