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Treatment Of Gingival Fenestration Using Mucoperiosteal Flap With Connective Tissue Graft: A Report Of Two Cases, Swati Jaglan, Shikha Tewari 2023 Department of Periodontics, Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India

Treatment Of Gingival Fenestration Using Mucoperiosteal Flap With Connective Tissue Graft: A Report Of Two Cases, Swati Jaglan, Shikha Tewari

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Fenestration term is derived from the Latin word ‘fenestra’ means ‘window’. Gingival fenestration is not found in routine while its actual occurrence is assumed to be higher. Additionally, if these mucogingival defects persist for a longer duration it may lead to adverse outcomes like compromised esthetics, hypersensitivity, plaque and calculus deposition, and susceptibility to dental caries. Present cases of gingival fenestration were successfully treated by using full-thickness flap elevation with connective tissue graft placement. Two cases were presented with the accumulation of plaque and calculus and having gingival fenestration to the respective sites. After phase 1 therapy, full thickness flap …


Assessment Of Dna Damage Of Oral Mucosa Due To Ceramic Bracket Using Comet Assay And Mutagenicity Of Orthodontic Bonding System Using Ames Test, Riaz Adham, Norma Ab Rahman, Kannan Thirumulu Ponnuraj 2023 School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Assessment Of Dna Damage Of Oral Mucosa Due To Ceramic Bracket Using Comet Assay And Mutagenicity Of Orthodontic Bonding System Using Ames Test, Riaz Adham, Norma Ab Rahman, Kannan Thirumulu Ponnuraj

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the DNA damage caused by ceramic bracket (Clear II, SIA Orthodontic Manufacturer Srl, Italy) on human buccal mucosal cells using comet assay and the mutagenicity of orthodontic bonding system (Transbond XT; 3M Unitek) by Ames test. Methods: In this study, twenty orthodontic patients were recruited from Specialist Orthodontic Clinic, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia. The Buccal mucosal cell sample was obtained from each patient at three time points-before (TO), after one month (T1) and after two months (T2) of ceramic bracket placement for performing comet assay. The spot test version …


Class Iii Malocclusion Camouflage Treatment Using A Conventional Orthodontic Appliance In A Non-Growing Patient, Fransiska Monika, Retno Widayati 2023 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Class Iii Malocclusion Camouflage Treatment Using A Conventional Orthodontic Appliance In A Non-Growing Patient, Fransiska Monika, Retno Widayati

Journal of Dentistry Indonesia

The treatment of skeletal and dental Class III malocclusions is a challenge for orthodontists, and one of the treatment alternatives for a non-growing patient is orthodontic camouflage treatment. Different approaches may result in different outcomes; therefore, a proper diagnosis and treatment plan are needed to avoid undesirable effects. In this case, a 21-year-old female patient presented with a skeletal Class III malocclusion, with a normal maxilla, prognathic mandible, moderate crowding, and an acceptable facial profile. The treatment modality for orthodontic camouflage treatment was a conventional orthodontic appliance with the extraction of mandibular first premolars to resolve crowding. At the end …


Improved Super-Elastic Ti-Ni Alloy Wire For Nonsurgical Treatment Of Skeletal Class Iii Malocclusion Combined With Anterior Crowding And Anterior Crossbite Case, Po-Jui Lin, Yuan-Hou Chen, Ming-Ke Tsai, Chang-Chiang Yu, Jian-Hong Yu 2023 Department of Orthodontics, China Medical University Hospital Medical Center, Taichung, Taiwan

Improved Super-Elastic Ti-Ni Alloy Wire For Nonsurgical Treatment Of Skeletal Class Iii Malocclusion Combined With Anterior Crowding And Anterior Crossbite Case, Po-Jui Lin, Yuan-Hou Chen, Ming-Ke Tsai, Chang-Chiang Yu, Jian-Hong Yu

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

The article reported the use of improved super-elastic Ti-Ni alloy wire (ISW), which was developed by Tokyo Medical and Dental University, to correct a case of skeletal Class III malocclusion combined with anterior crowding and anterior crossbite. An 18-year-old male with a chief complaint of poor dental alignment and protruded lower incisors showed up in our clinic for treatment. Clinical examination revealed skeletal Class III facial profile. Anterior crowding and anterior crossbite could be also noted. Because the patient refused orthognathic surgery, we tried camouflage orthodontic treatment. First, we used ISW crossbite arch to eliminate the anterior interference in order …


Surgical-Orthodontic Treatment Of Class Iii Malocclusion With Anterior Open Bite, I-Ting Chiang, Cheng-Yu Wang, Yi-Jan Hsia, Chien-Cheng Chen, Yi-Horng Chen 2023 Division of Orthodontics, Department of Dentistry, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, New Taipei City, Taiwan

Surgical-Orthodontic Treatment Of Class Iii Malocclusion With Anterior Open Bite, I-Ting Chiang, Cheng-Yu Wang, Yi-Jan Hsia, Chien-Cheng Chen, Yi-Horng Chen

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

A 21-year-old female came with chief complaints of inability to incise food and poor esthetics. The patient presented with a concave facial profile, long face with a steep mandibular angle, incompetent lip closure, and acute nasolabial angle. Intraorally, she had negative 6 mm overjet, 3 mm open bite and dental crowding. She was diagnosed as severe skeletal Class III malocclusion and anterior open bite. The treatment plan included orthodontic treatment with orthognathic surgery and extraction of maxillary second molars, which were supra-erupted and tipped buccally. The pre-operative orthodontic alignment took 11 months. The surgical correction included maxillary Le Fort I …


Treatment Of Class Iii Malocclusion With Facial Asymmetry And Impacted Second Molar: A Case Report, Wei-Yu Chen, Chen-Jung Chang, Jen-Bang Lo, Pei-Ju Wu, Tung-Yiu Wong 2023 Division of orthodontics, Department of Stomatology, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

Treatment Of Class Iii Malocclusion With Facial Asymmetry And Impacted Second Molar: A Case Report, Wei-Yu Chen, Chen-Jung Chang, Jen-Bang Lo, Pei-Ju Wu, Tung-Yiu Wong

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Symmetry is an important factor affecting facial attractiveness. The majority of subjects with facial asymmetry also exhibit Class III (CIII) malocclusion. However, the method used for three-dimensional analysis of facial asymmetry remains controversial. The optimal symmetry plane (OSP) method was developed to eliminate the identification errors that occur when using traditional orthodontic landmarks. Orthodontic treatment can become complicated in the presence of mandibular second molar impaction. Several parameters should be taken into consideration during the treatment planning, such as position of impacted tooth relative to anatomical structures and adjacent tooth and preexisting conditions in the impacted teeth. In this report, …


Treatment Strategy Of Mandibular Second Molar Impaction: A Literature Review, Heng-Tzu Shen, Johnson Hsin-Chung Cheng, Daniel De-Shing Chen 2023 Orthodontic Division, Department of Dentistry, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan

Treatment Strategy Of Mandibular Second Molar Impaction: A Literature Review, Heng-Tzu Shen, Johnson Hsin-Chung Cheng, Daniel De-Shing Chen

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Purpose: This literature review aimed to investigate the treatment consideration and strategy of mandibular second molar (MM2) comprehensively, which can be of great assistance on managing and solving such a rare disturbance. Methods: Previous studies were identified in PubMed or Embase database using the keywords “orthodontic,” “molar impaction,” and “uprighting molar.” To enrich the contents of every aspect of the topic, other several related articles were also reviewed and included. Results: Forty-six articles were included and systematically discussed in this review, which were arranged according to prevalence, etiology, diagnosis, treatment strategy, and clinical methods. The incidence of MM2 impaction is …


Transverse Malocclusions: Etiology, Development, Diagnosis And Treatment, Ib Leth Nielsen 2023 Department of Orofacial Sciences, Division of Orthodontics University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA

Transverse Malocclusions: Etiology, Development, Diagnosis And Treatment, Ib Leth Nielsen

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Malocclusions that involve the transverse dimension are very common in the orthodontic office. They can be as simple as a crossbite of the posterior teeth or as severe as a Class III malocclusion with a mandibular asymmetry. Transverse malocclusions can vary from being a simple dento-alveolar problem to a more complex challenge as represented by a skeletal asymmetry that has developed after puberty and causing temporomandibular disorder (TMD) problems. In this review we shall address the most common types of transverse malocclusions and review their etiology and development. The most typical etiology of transverse anomalies will be discussed, and we …


10-Minute Ebd: Frenectomy Or No Frenectomy To Close Diastema For Children?, Polina Fubareva DMD, Chelsea Schultz DMD, Taylar Rowe DDS 2023 General Practice Dental Residency Program, Advocate Illinois Masonic Hospital, Chicago, IL

10-Minute Ebd: Frenectomy Or No Frenectomy To Close Diastema For Children?, Polina Fubareva Dmd, Chelsea Schultz Dmd, Taylar Rowe Dds

The Journal of the Michigan Dental Association

In this "10-Minute EBD" column, the authors explore a clinical question utilizing the evidence-based dentistry (EBD) process within orthodontic practice. The study aims to address whether frenectomy or no frenectomy is more effective in achieving successful closure of maxillary diastema in children undergoing orthodontic treatment with a high maxillary anterior labial frenum attachment. Employing a PICO question framework, the authors examined relevant literature through PubMed and Google Scholar, identifying five pertinent articles. The compiled evidence, which included systematic reviews, randomized control trials, and a retrospective cohort study published between 2013 and 2022, suggests that frenectomy, combined with orthodontic treatment, is …


Validation Study On The Differentiation Of Human Periodontal Ligament Cells In The Presence Of Cementum Protein 1 And Periostin, Deborah A. O'Reilly 2023 The University of Western Ontario

Validation Study On The Differentiation Of Human Periodontal Ligament Cells In The Presence Of Cementum Protein 1 And Periostin, Deborah A. O'Reilly

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Existing research alludes to the fact that human periodontal ligament cells differentiate into an ossifying phenotype in response to differential gene expression during orthodontic tooth movement. The purpose of this research was to validate the differentiation of human periodontal ligament cells of young individuals in the presence of specific proteins and stimuli (cementum protein, periostin and osteogenic media), which mimic the environment of the periodontal ligament. Another objective was to assess the differential gene expression within these cells under the same conditions. A protocol was developed to provide a collagen-protein scaffold on which human periodontal ligament cells were maintained for …


Did The Pandemic Change Future Treatment Choices Amongst Orthodontists?, RYANNA ROBINSON, John Atere 2023 Roseman University of Health Sciences

Did The Pandemic Change Future Treatment Choices Amongst Orthodontists?, Ryanna Robinson, John Atere

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of Smile Characteristics Of Adult Female Subjects With Skeletal Class Ii Division 2 Malocclusion, ahmed ibrahim nabawi, Fouad A. El Sharaby 2023 future university in egypt

Analysis Of Smile Characteristics Of Adult Female Subjects With Skeletal Class Ii Division 2 Malocclusion, Ahmed Ibrahim Nabawi, Fouad A. El Sharaby

Future Dental Journal

Aim: The objective of this study was to evaluate the smile characteristics of adult females with Angle Class II division 2 malocclusion compared to Angle Class I malocclusion. Materials and Methods: Two frontal photographs were taken for 30 orthodontically untreated female adult subjects with age range (18-30) years, at rest and posed smile from a fixed (1.5m) distance between the camera and the subjects. The 30 subjects were divided into 2 groups, 15 for Class II div 2 subjects and 15 for Class I subjects. The camera was focused only on the mouth, showing from the nose to the chin. …


What Are We Missing In Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea Clinical Evaluation? Review Of Official Guidelines, Eduardo J. Correa, Carlos O´Connor-Reina, Laura Rodriguez-Alcalá, Diego M. Conti, Alberto Rabino, Peter M. Baptista, Maria-Teresa Garcia-Iriarte, Guillermo Plaza 2023 Otorhinolaryngology Department Hospital Quironsalud Marbella. Spain

What Are We Missing In Adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea Clinical Evaluation? Review Of Official Guidelines, Eduardo J. Correa, Carlos O´Connor-Reina, Laura Rodriguez-Alcalá, Diego M. Conti, Alberto Rabino, Peter M. Baptista, Maria-Teresa Garcia-Iriarte, Guillermo Plaza

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

Purpose: This article presents a narrative review of current recommendations for the clinical evaluation and management of adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to identify points missing from a myofunctional perspective.

Methods: The authors reviewed current official guidelines for adult patients with OSA, searching clinical evaluation and treatment recommendations for myofunctional therapy.

Results: None of the current guidelines for evaluation of adult OSA recommend performing a myofunctional evaluation. Only two guidelines consider myofunctional therapy (MFT) as a treatment modality for adult patients with OSA.

Conclusion: Despite the role of the pharyngeal dilator muscles as an …


Effects Of Micro-Osteoperforations On Maxillary Molar Distalization Using Miniscrew Anchored Pendulum Appliance: A Split-Mouth Randomized Controlled Trial, Mohammed M. Ellaithy, Mohamed Ali Farag, Safa B. Alawy 2023 Professor of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tanta University, Egypt

Effects Of Micro-Osteoperforations On Maxillary Molar Distalization Using Miniscrew Anchored Pendulum Appliance: A Split-Mouth Randomized Controlled Trial, Mohammed M. Ellaithy, Mohamed Ali Farag, Safa B. Alawy

Al-Azhar Journal of Dentistry

Purpose: This split-mouth trial was designed to assess how Micro-OsteoPerforation (MOP) affected maxillary molar distalization. Material and Methods: This study included sixteen patients with bilateral Class II molar relationship requiring non extraction treatment with bilateral maxillary molar distalization. In the study, a split-mouth design was adopted. A bone anchored pendulum appliance (BAPA) was used for distalization. MOP (the experimental group) was assigned randomly to one side of the maxillary arch, though the other side acted as a control. Three MOPs were carried out distal to the upper first and second molars just prior to starting distalization using Propel at 3, …


Assessment Of Mandibular Cortical Bone Thickness For Miniscrew Placement In Relation To The Vertical Facial Patterns Using Cbct (Cross-Sectional Study), Rima Daoui, Aly Osman 2023 Beirut Arab University

Assessment Of Mandibular Cortical Bone Thickness For Miniscrew Placement In Relation To The Vertical Facial Patterns Using Cbct (Cross-Sectional Study), Rima Daoui, Aly Osman

International Arab Journal of Dentistry

Background: The need of more anchorage in the orthodontic daily practice has introduced the use of temporary anchorage devices (TADs). Cortical bone thickness has been one of the major factors on the success rate of the stability of TADs. Different vertical dimension patterns can be found among orthodontic patients with potentially variable cortical bone thickness. Aim of the study: to assess the cortical bone thickness in the posterior region of the mandible in relation to different vertical facial patterns using Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to evaluate the progressive change in the thickness of cortical bone from 4,6 to 8 …


Is Cutaneous Profile Perception An Indicator Of Skeletal Class Iii Malformation Treatment Plan? A Cross Sectional Study. La Perception Du Profil Cutané Est-Elle Un Indicateur Du Plan De Traitement Des Classe Iii Squelettiques ? Une Étude Transversale., Ibrahim Hatoum, Rania Nassar 2023 Saint Joseph University

Is Cutaneous Profile Perception An Indicator Of Skeletal Class Iii Malformation Treatment Plan? A Cross Sectional Study. La Perception Du Profil Cutané Est-Elle Un Indicateur Du Plan De Traitement Des Classe Iii Squelettiques ? Une Étude Transversale., Ibrahim Hatoum, Rania Nassar

International Arab Journal of Dentistry

Abstract:

Background: The treatment choice in adults with skeletal class III malocclusion represents a challenging task for orthodontists, especially in borderline cases. With the growth spurt being surpassed, the clinician is left between two treatment options: orthodontic camouflage or orthognathic surgery. Around the years, many studies tried to uncover a guide model which enables practitioners to distinguish between skeletal class III that can be appropriately treated by orthodontics alone and those needing surgical intervention.

Aim: The aim of this study is to demonstrate the importance of cutaneous profile perception as a subjective decisive parameter in the treatment of borderline skeletal …


Space Maintenance In The Primary And Mixed Dentitions, Giovana Anovazzi Medeiros DDS, MSc, PhD, Chia-En Tsai DDS, James R. Boynton DDS, MS 2023 University of Michigan School of Dentistry

Space Maintenance In The Primary And Mixed Dentitions, Giovana Anovazzi Medeiros Dds, Msc, Phd, Chia-En Tsai Dds, James R. Boynton Dds, Ms

The Journal of the Michigan Dental Association

Primary teeth serve many critical functions in the growing child: they allow for proper chewing function for appropriate diet and nutrition, help in speech production and development, promote self-esteem, and importantly preserve space for eruption of the succedaneous permanent dentition. Premature loss of a primary molar can cause a loss of arch perimeter and negatively impact the normal eruption path of premolars. Space maintenance is an approach to minimize or prevent untoward consequences after unavoidable loss of a primary molar. Several types of space maintainers can be used to preserve arch length, including fixed unilateral space maintainers, such as the …


The Effects Of E-Cigarette Aerosol On The Force Degradation Of Elastomeric Chain: An In Vitro Pilot Study, Nicholas David Palmer 2023 West Virginia University

The Effects Of E-Cigarette Aerosol On The Force Degradation Of Elastomeric Chain: An In Vitro Pilot Study, Nicholas David Palmer

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Background and Objectives

An ideal orthodontic force system should exert continuous light force. An orthodontist has the option to utilize different systems for closing orthodontic extraction space. A commonly used method when closing extraction space is to utilize orthodontic elastomeric chain. Energy Chain® (Rocky Mountain Orthodontics, Franklin, IN) allows for less deformation of shape following the initial stretch, more consistent force, and less force degradation over time. The mouth is a harsh environment that experiences daily changes in pH and temperature. These changes cause elastomeric chain to experience increased force degradation. The creation of the JUUL® (JUUL Labs, San Francisco, …


A Comparison Of The Failure Rate Of Two Orthodontic Light-Curable Adhesives: A Chart Review, Ian Montgomery Weaver 2023 West Virginia University

A Comparison Of The Failure Rate Of Two Orthodontic Light-Curable Adhesives: A Chart Review, Ian Montgomery Weaver

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

A Comparison of the Failure Rate of Two Orthodontic Light-Curable Adhesives: A Chart Review

Ian Montgomery Weaver, D.D.S.

Background and Objectives: The overhead costs of running a private orthodontic practice are infamously high, thus there is a notable benefit to finding the most cost effective methods of treating patients while still maintaining high quality care. A relatively new light-cure orthodontic adhesive BracePaste®® (American Orthodontics™, Sheboygan, WI), introduced to the market in 2017, can fluoresce under UV light to assist in identifying the difference between the enamel of the tooth and the adhesive material itself, an ability which can aid …


Correlation Between Intraoral Markers And The Risk Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea In Children, Linda K. Powers 2023 Virginia Commonwealth University

Correlation Between Intraoral Markers And The Risk Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea In Children, Linda K. Powers

Theses and Dissertations

Specific aims: The purpose of this study was to explore the association between various intraoral markers and the risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) in children. Specifically, nine intraoral clinical characteristics were analyzed: ankyloglossia, palatal vault height, presence and level of dental wear, tonsillar grade, Friedman's classification, skeletal and dental classification, and posterior crossbite. The correlation between these features and the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ) and Pediatric Symptoms Checklist (PSC) scores were assessed.

Methods: Orthodontic patients aged 8-17 were recruited at the VCU Graduate Clinic. Intraoral measurements were collected from patients (n=100) by treating doctors. At this time, the PSQ …


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