Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Plant Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

35,179 Full-Text Articles 49,503 Authors 8,855,385 Downloads 266 Institutions

All Articles in Plant Sciences

Faceted Search

35,179 full-text articles. Page 902 of 909.

Studies On Cytotoxicity Induced By Des And Sa In Vicia Faba Var. Major, MOHD GULFISHAN, AINUL HAQ KHAN, TARIK AHMAD BHAT 2010 TÜBİTAK

Studies On Cytotoxicity Induced By Des And Sa In Vicia Faba Var. Major, Mohd Gulfishan, Ainul Haq Khan, Tarik Ahmad Bhat

Turkish Journal of Botany

The effect of diethyl sulphate (DES) and sodium azide (SA) was studied on the meiotic behaviour of Vicia faba L. var. major in the M1 generation. Five concentrations of SA (0.01%, 0.02%, 0.03%, 0.04%, and 0.05%) were combined with DES (0.02%) to study the synergistic and antagonistic effects of these 2 mutagens. A dose-dependent increase in chromosomal aberrations was recorded in populations treated with both the mutagens individually and their combination doses. The main chromosomal aberrations were stickiness, precocious separations, univalents, multivalents, laggards, unequal separations of chromosomes, micronuclei, disturbed polarity, multinucleate condition, and cytomixis. The stickiness and stray bivalents at …


A New Record For Turkey: Michauxia Nuda A.Dc. (Campanulaceae), SERDAR ASLAN, MECİT VURAL, BİLAL ŞAHİN, ESRA ERGİN, ÖMER FARUK KAYA 2010 TÜBİTAK

A New Record For Turkey: Michauxia Nuda A.Dc. (Campanulaceae), Serdar Aslan, Meci̇t Vural, Bi̇lal Şahi̇n, Esra Ergi̇n, Ömer Faruk Kaya

Turkish Journal of Botany

Michauxia nuda A.DC. (Campanulaceae) is recorded for the first time (C8 Siirt province) from Turkey. The diagnostic characters of M. nuda are described and its habitat and conservation status are indicated. Besides, it is illustrated, and a distribution map is presented. Notes on collecting number of type specimen of this species are provided.


A New Record For The Flora Of Turkey: Scorzonera Ketzkhovelii Grossh. (Asteraceae), ERGİN HAMZAOĞLU, AHMET AKSOY, ESRA MARTİN, MÜNEVVER PINAR, HATİCE ÇÖLGEÇEN 2010 TÜBİTAK

A New Record For The Flora Of Turkey: Scorzonera Ketzkhovelii Grossh. (Asteraceae), Ergi̇n Hamzaoğlu, Ahmet Aksoy, Esra Marti̇n, Münevver Pinar, Hati̇ce Çölgeçen

Turkish Journal of Botany

Scorzonera ketzkhovelii Grossh. (Asteraceae) was recently collected from Yusufeli, Artvin (north-east Anatolia) and it has been reported as a new species record for the flora of Turkey. It is described and illustrated. In addition, its karyological features and pollen morphology are given.


New Additions To The Turkish Macromycota From Bingöl Province (Turkey), YUSUF UZUN, ABDULLAH KAYA, MUSTAFA EMRE AKÇAY, KENAN DEMİREL 2010 TÜBİTAK

New Additions To The Turkish Macromycota From Bingöl Province (Turkey), Yusuf Uzun, Abdullah Kaya, Mustafa Emre Akçay, Kenan Demi̇rel

Turkish Journal of Botany

Hymenoscyphus scutula (Pers.) W. Phillips, Crepidotus vulgaris Hesler & A.H. Sm., Psilocybe merdicola Huijsman, and Tricholoma inamoenum (Fr.) Gillet are recorded for the first time from Turkey. Short descriptions and photographs of the taxa are given.


The Effects Of Gibberellic Acid And Kinetin On Overcoming The Effects Of Juglone Stress On Seed Germination And Seedling Growth, İRFAN TERZİ, İSMAİL KOCAÇALIŞKAN 2010 TÜBİTAK

The Effects Of Gibberellic Acid And Kinetin On Overcoming The Effects Of Juglone Stress On Seed Germination And Seedling Growth, İrfan Terzi̇, İsmai̇l Kocaçalişkan

Turkish Journal of Botany

Juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone) is an allelochemical responsible for walnut allelopathy. The effects of gibberellic acid (GA_{3}) and kinetin (KIN) on overcoming the effects of juglone stress on seed germination and seedling growth were investigated in barley, wheat, cucumber, alfalfa, and tomato. Seeds pre-treated with plant growth regulators were used to test their effects on the alleviation of juglone stress. It was observed that seed germination in tomato and wheat was inhibited by juglone and that the plant growth regulators alleviated it significantly. Elongation and dry weight of the seedlings of all the species used in the study were reduced significantly by …


Using Vegetation Units As Salinity Predictors In The Lower Cheliff Algeria, ADDA ABABOU, MOHAMMED CHOUIEB, MOHAMMED KHADER, KHALLADI MEDERBAL, DJAMEL SAIDI 2010 TÜBİTAK

Using Vegetation Units As Salinity Predictors In The Lower Cheliff Algeria, Adda Ababou, Mohammed Chouieb, Mohammed Khader, Khalladi Mederbal, Djamel Saidi

Turkish Journal of Botany

The Lower Cheliff plain is among the largest salted soils in north-western Algeria. In order to establish the relationships between the main soil factors and plant species in this stressed ecosystem, 133 relevés related to soil and vegetation were realized. Soil variables measured included electrical conductivity and calcium carbonate. The 133 relevés were arranged in clusters using k-means classification. The similarity analysis used to examine the variation in vegetation assemblage structure showed significant differences in taxonomical composition among groups of relevés. The phi coefficient of fidelity used then to extract the different vegetation units and to measure species concentration in …


Morphological And Anatomical Studies Of Annual Taxa Of Sideritis L. (Lamiaceae), With Notes On Chorology In Turkey, AYŞEGÜL GÜVENÇ, HAYRİ DUMAN 2010 TÜBİTAK

Morphological And Anatomical Studies Of Annual Taxa Of Sideritis L. (Lamiaceae), With Notes On Chorology In Turkey, Ayşegül Güvenç, Hayri̇ Duman

Turkish Journal of Botany

Sideritis L. (Lamiaceae) includes approximately 150 species of annual and perennial plants distributed mainly in the Mediterranean region. In Turkey, 44 species (55 taxa) are native. Three of these species (5 taxa) are annual and these taxa are included in Burgsdorfia and Hesiodia sections. This study was undertaken to investigate the morphological and anatomical properties of 5 annual taxa of Sideritis. Full descriptions and illustrations of these taxa are given, along with some additional information regarding their ecology and phytogeography. The anatomy of the leaf blade, midrib, and stem of the taxa are described and illustrated.


New Morphological Characters For Some Erysimum (Brassicaceae) Species, BİROL MUTLU 2010 TÜBİTAK

New Morphological Characters For Some Erysimum (Brassicaceae) Species, Bi̇rol Mutlu

Turkish Journal of Botany

Trichome shapes were investigated on the outer and inner surfaces of fruit valves of 43 species of Erysimum L., 20 of which are endemic to Turkey, by light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Five species, Erysimum sorgerae Polatschek., E. huber-morathii Polatschek, E. cheiri (L.) Crantz, E. repandum L. and E. vuralii Yild. were identified, in which there are trichomes on the inner surface of fruit valves, which was determined for the first time in these species. Two morphological distinct types of trichomes were observed on the inner surfaces of the fruit valves of E. huber-morathii and E. repandum, …


Lophanthus (Lamiaceae) In Turkey: A New Generic Record And A New Species, TUNCAY DİRMENCİ, BAYRAM YILDIZ, IAN C. HEDGE, MEHMET FIRAT 2010 TÜBİTAK

Lophanthus (Lamiaceae) In Turkey: A New Generic Record And A New Species, Tuncay Di̇rmenci̇, Bayram Yildiz, Ian C. Hedge, Mehmet Firat

Turkish Journal of Botany

The genus Lophanthus Adans. is recorded for the first time from Turkey. Specimens collected from Van province, east Anatolia, are described here as the new species Lophanthus turcicus Dirmenci, Yıldız & Hedge. Diagnostic characteristics that distinguish it from allied species are presented; a description, distribution map, and taxonomic comments are given.


A New Subspecies Of Stachys Cretica (Section Eriostomum, Lamiaceae) From Turkey, EKREM AKÇİÇEK 2010 TÜBİTAK

A New Subspecies Of Stachys Cretica (Section Eriostomum, Lamiaceae) From Turkey, Ekrem Akçi̇çek

Turkish Journal of Botany

Stachys cretica L. subsp. kutahyensis Akçiçek subsp. nova is described as a new subspecies from West Anatolia, Turkey. It is related to Stachys cretica L. subsp. vacillans Rech. f. and Stachys cretica L. subsp. anatolica Rech. f., from which it differs in stem, leaf, and flower characters. Diagnostic characters, description, detailed illustrations, and taxonomic comments of the new subspecies are given. The geographical distribution of the subspecies is mapped. IUCN threat category and observations on the population are noted.


Anomodon Longifolius (Anomodontaceae, Bryopsida) New To The Bryophyte Flora Of Turkey, MUHAMMET ÖREN, GÜRAY UYAR, TAMER KEÇELİ 2010 TÜBİTAK

Anomodon Longifolius (Anomodontaceae, Bryopsida) New To The Bryophyte Flora Of Turkey, Muhammet Ören, Güray Uyar, Tamer Keçeli̇

Turkish Journal of Botany

Anomodon longifolius (Schleich. ex Brid.) Hartm. is reported for the first time from Turkey, bringing the total number of Anomodon species known from Turkey to 6. This record extends its distribution range to the Western Black Sea region of Turkey. The nearest localities to Turkey for this species are in Bulgaria, Greece, the Caucasus, and Iran. This submeridional species was collected from 3 different localities (in Bolu and Bartın provinces) in Turkey. A site description, illustrations, and diagnostic characters of the Turkish specimens are given, together with notes on its distribution and ecology.


Internal Transcribed Spacer (Its) Polymorphism In The Wild Primula (Primulaceae) Taxa Of Turkey, MUTLU GÜLTEPE, UĞUR UZUNER, KAMİL COŞKUNÇELEBİ, ALİ OSMAN BELDÜZ, SALİH TERZİOĞLU 2010 TÜBİTAK

Internal Transcribed Spacer (Its) Polymorphism In The Wild Primula (Primulaceae) Taxa Of Turkey, Mutlu Gültepe, Uğur Uzuner, Kami̇l Coşkunçelebi̇, Ali̇ Osman Beldüz, Sali̇h Terzi̇oğlu

Turkish Journal of Botany

Twenty-three populations belonging to 10 wild Primula L. (Primulaceae) taxa of Turkey, some of which are morphologically quite similar, were investigated based on nrDNA ITS regions. The plant materials were collected from different geographical areas of Anatolia in vegetation periods of 2005 and 2006. Total genomic DNAs were isolated from the healthy leaves of each population. The entire ITS regions of the populations were amplified by universal primers with the aid of a polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and then the PCR products were sequenced. Neighbour-Joining (NJ) and Maximum Parsimony (MP) trees were constructed in order to identify the relationships among …


Morphological, Karyological And Phylogenetic Evaluation Of Cyclotrichium: A Piece In The Tribe Mentheae Puzzle, TUNCAY DİRMENCİ, EKREM DÜNDAR, GÖRKEM DENİZ, TURAN ARABACI, ESRA MARTİN, ZİBA JAMZAD 2010 TÜBİTAK

Morphological, Karyological And Phylogenetic Evaluation Of Cyclotrichium: A Piece In The Tribe Mentheae Puzzle, Tuncay Di̇rmenci̇, Ekrem Dündar, Görkem Deni̇z, Turan Arabaci, Esra Marti̇n, Zi̇ba Jamzad

Turkish Journal of Botany

The genus Cyclotrichium, a member of the tribe Mentheae subtribe Menthinae (Lamiaceae, Nepetoideae), was analysed with respect to morphological revision, phylogenetic analysis, and cytogenetic properties. All species of the genus were investigated for morphological characters and ITS (internal transcribed spacers) of nrDNA sequence comparison (except C. hausknechtii for ITS). Six members of the genus were also analysed for chromosome numbers. The combined results strongly suggested that Cyclotrichium is a separate genus in Nepetoideae with distinct morphological, phylogenetic, and cytogenetic characteristics. For intrageneric phylogeny of Cyclotrichium, 3 groups were recognised: 1. C. niveum; 2. C. origanifolium; and 3. the remaining 6 …


Phylogenetic Relationships Of Some Turkish Crocus (Iridaceae) Taxa Based On Morphological And Anatomical Characters, FATİH COŞKUN, SELAMİ SELVİ, FATİH SATIL 2010 TÜBİTAK

Phylogenetic Relationships Of Some Turkish Crocus (Iridaceae) Taxa Based On Morphological And Anatomical Characters, Fati̇h Coşkun, Selami̇ Selvi̇, Fati̇h Satil

Turkish Journal of Botany

In this study, relationships among the 15 taxa of the genus Crocus L. distributed in Turkey were analysed using 29 morphological and 4 anatomical characters. Analysis of the data set utilising maximum parsimony criterion with Branch-and-Bound search algorithm yielded 32 most parsimonious trees. Bootstrap analysis with the majority rule consensus algorithm generated a consensus tree supporting some branches. Our data mostly did not agree with the previous sectional and serial treatments. The most interesting result was the condition of Crocus pallasii, which was previously included in the section Crocus. C. pallasii showed a sister group relationship with C. cancellatus from …


Pollen And Seed Morphology Of Velezia L. (Caryophyllaceae) Genus In Turkey, İLHAM ERÖZ POYRAZ, EBRU ATAŞLAR 2010 TÜBİTAK

Pollen And Seed Morphology Of Velezia L. (Caryophyllaceae) Genus In Turkey, İlham Eröz Poyraz, Ebru Ataşlar

Turkish Journal of Botany

In this study, pollen and seed morphology of Velezia L. (Caryophyllaceae) species in Turkey were investigated by light and scanning electron microscopy. The genus is represented by 5 species in Turkey: V. tunicoides P.H.Davis, V. hispida Boiss., V. quadridentata Sibth. & Sm., V. pseudorigida Hub.-Mor. and V. rigida L. Endemism ratio of the genus is 60%, which shows that Turkey is the gene center for this genus. The pollen grains of Velezia species are radially symmetrical and isopolar, oblate-spheroidal, operculate, and polypantoporate, pores with conical spinules on operculum. Pollen ornamentation, pore numbers, exine thickness, pore diameter, operculum ornamentation, and spinule …


Taxonomy Of Campanula Tomentosa Lam. And C. Vardariana Bocquet From Turkey, EMİNE ALÇITEPE, KEMAL YILDIZ 2010 TÜBİTAK

Taxonomy Of Campanula Tomentosa Lam. And C. Vardariana Bocquet From Turkey, Emi̇ne Alçitepe, Kemal Yildiz

Turkish Journal of Botany

The taxonomical status of Campanula tomentosa Lam. and C. vardariana Bocquet, belonging to the section Quinqueloculares (Boiss.) Phitos, which have important taxonomical problems, was reviewed in this study. Furthermore, morphological, anatomical leaf surface, and palynological features of these 2 species were examined in detail. Habit, shape of leaves, calyx, corolla, stamen, pistil, and seed micromorphological features as morphological characters; and pollen diameter, pore diameter, spinule length, and number, ornamentation, etc. as palynological characters, were examined and discussed. An identification key for the species is presented according to the results obtained. Following this extensive study, the mentioned problems of C. tomentosa …


Re-Evaluated Conservation Status Of Salvia (Sage) In Turkey I: The Mediterranean And The Aegean Geographic Regions, FERHAT CELEP, MUSA DOĞAN, AHMET KAHRAMAN 2010 TÜBİTAK

Re-Evaluated Conservation Status Of Salvia (Sage) In Turkey I: The Mediterranean And The Aegean Geographic Regions, Ferhat Celep, Musa Doğan, Ahmet Kahraman

Turkish Journal of Botany

The precise evaluation of the conservation status of endemic and rare species is necessary in order to prevent their extinction. According to our current taxonomic revision of Turkish Salvia L., the Mediterranean and Aegean geographic regions of Turkey have 60 taxa, 32 of which are endemic (mainly local endemics), 5 of which are non-endemic rare, and the remaining 23 taxa are widely distributed. The rate of endemism is 53% in the area. The destruction of habitat through human encroachment such as urbanisation, land clearing, overgrazing, pollution, and road and dam constructions is the principal threat in the study area. Based …


Effects Of Moist Chilling, Gibberellic Acid, And Scarification On Seed Dormancy In The Rare Endemic Pedicularis Olympica (Scrophulariaceae), SERAP KIRMIZI, GÜRCAN GÜLERYÜZ, HÜLYA ARSLAN, FATMA SELCEN SAKAR 2010 TÜBİTAK

Effects Of Moist Chilling, Gibberellic Acid, And Scarification On Seed Dormancy In The Rare Endemic Pedicularis Olympica (Scrophulariaceae), Serap Kirmizi, Gürcan Güleryüz, Hülya Arslan, Fatma Selcen Sakar

Turkish Journal of Botany

We investigated the germination requirements of a rare endemic plant species, Pedicularis olympica Boiss. (Scrophulariaceae), which grows in wet habitats on Uludağ Mountain, Turkey. We studied the effects of scarification, moist chilling (+4 °C) for 15 days, different doses of gibberellic acid (GA_{3}; 100, 150, and 250 ppm) and combined hormone and moist chilling treatments under dark (20 °C) and photoperiod (20/10 °C; 12/12 h, respectively) conditions. GA_{3} was able to break dormancy. The highest germination rate was found in the seeds treated with 250 ppm GA_{3}; 64% of these seeds germinated when treated with moist chilling and incubated in …


Clonal Propagation Of Dorystoechas Hastata Via Axillary Shoot Proliferation, BENGİ ERDAĞ, YELDA EMEK, SERAP AYDOĞAN 2010 TÜBİTAK

Clonal Propagation Of Dorystoechas Hastata Via Axillary Shoot Proliferation, Bengi̇ Erdağ, Yelda Emek, Serap Aydoğan

Turkish Journal of Botany

A protocol for the in vitro seed germination, seedling development, and axillary shoot propagation of Dorystoechas hastata Boiss. & Heldr. ex Bentham is described. By employing sterilised seeds that were transferred onto in vitro media, the effects of various in vitro media, photoperiods, and temperatures on germination were investigated. At the end of these experiments, a final protocol was determined for the in vitro germination of D. hastata seeds. With this protocol, the highest germination rate was obtained with distilled water supplemented with vitamins and 1 mg L^{-1} of gibberellic acid (GA_{3}), with a 16:8 photoperiod at 24 ± 2 …


Seed Morphology Of Ebenus L. Species Endemic To Turkey, FATMA BAYRAKDAR, ZEKİ AYTAÇ, ZEKİYE SULUDERE, SELAMİ CANDAN 2010 TÜBİTAK

Seed Morphology Of Ebenus L. Species Endemic To Turkey, Fatma Bayrakdar, Zeki̇ Aytaç, Zeki̇ye Suludere, Selami̇ Candan

Turkish Journal of Botany

In the present study, seed surface morphology of species of the genus Ebenus L. in Turkey, all of which are endemic, was studied. E. plumosa var. speciosa has the biggest and E. laguroides var. laguroides has the smallest seeds. The seed shapes are spheroid in E. reesei, orbiculate in E. pisidica, and oblong-spheroid in others. Ornamentation is striate in E. macrophylla, rugose in E. haussknechtii, and reticulate or multi-reticulate in others. Microphylle is subterminal in all Turkish Ebenus species.


Digital Commons powered by bepress