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Use Of Proteomics Tools To Investigate Protein Expression In Azospirillum Brasilense, Gurusahai K. Khalsa-Moyers 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Use Of Proteomics Tools To Investigate Protein Expression In Azospirillum Brasilense, Gurusahai K. Khalsa-Moyers

Doctoral Dissertations

Mass spectrometry based proteomics has emerged as a powerful methodology for investigating protein expression. “Bottom up” techniques in which proteins are first digested, and resulting peptides separated via multi-dimensional chromatography then analyzed via mass spectrometry provide a wide depth of coverage of expressed proteomes. This technique has been successfully and extensively used to survey protein expression (expression proteomics) and also to investigate proteins and their associated interacting partners in order to ascertain function of unknown proteins (functional proteomics). Azospirillum brasilense is a free-living diazotrophic soil bacteria, with world-wide significance as a plant-growth promoting bacteria. Living within the rhizosphere of cereal ...


Ecology And Relationships Of Rhabdias Spp. (Nematoda: Rhabdiasidae) From North American Amphibians And Reptiles, Gabriel J. Langford 2010 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Ecology And Relationships Of Rhabdias Spp. (Nematoda: Rhabdiasidae) From North American Amphibians And Reptiles, Gabriel J. Langford

Dissertations and Theses in Biological Sciences

Lungworms of the cosmopolitan genus Rhabdias (Nematoda: Rhabdiasidae) are among the most common parasites of amphibians and squamate reptiles. The life cycles, life histories, host specificities, and evolutionary relationships of Rhabdias spp. were studied through examination of their free-living and parasitic stages in amphibians and reptiles. This study found free-living development of anuran lungworms was primarily limited to heterogonic reproduction, whereas snake lungworms primarily reproduced homogonically. Infective anuran lungworms penetrated the skin of frogs and toads; in contrast, snake lungworms penetrated snake esophageal tissue during per os infections. Our molecular phylogeny strongly supported separate clades for anuran and snake lungworms ...


Farnesol Signaling In Candida Albicans, Melanie L. Langford 2010 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Farnesol Signaling In Candida Albicans, Melanie L. Langford

Dissertations and Theses in Biological Sciences

Candida albicans is a polymorphic fungus that causes a range of disease in humans, from mucosal infections to systemic disease. Its ability to cause disease is linked to conversion between yeast and filamentous forms of growth, and the first quorum-sensing molecule discovered in an eukaryote, farnesol, blocks this transition. In C. albicans, farnesol also kills mating-competent opaque cells, inhibits biofilm formation, protects the cells from oxidative stress, and can be a virulence factor or protective agent in disseminated and mucosal mouse models of infection, respectively. While much emphasis has been placed on determining its effect on C. albicans morphology, the ...


Pattern Recognition In Cytopathology For Papanicolaou Screening, Jonathan Blackledge, Dmitriy Dubovitskiy 2010 Technological University Dublin

Pattern Recognition In Cytopathology For Papanicolaou Screening, Jonathan Blackledge, Dmitriy Dubovitskiy

Conference papers

A unique space oriented filer is presented in order to detect and isolate the cell of a nucleus for applications in cytopathology. A classification method for nuclei is then considered based on the application of a set of features which includes certain fractal parameters. Segmentation algorithms are considered in which a self-adjustable sharpening filter is designed to enhance object location. Although the methods discussed and the algorithms developed have a range of applications, in this work we focus the engineering of a system for automating a Papanicolaou screening test using standard optical images


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