Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Women's History Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

6,968 Full-Text Articles 2,905 Authors 2,940,911 Downloads 238 Institutions

All Articles in Women's History

Faceted Search

6,968 full-text articles. Page 4 of 111.

Searching For The Identity Of Neferneferuaten, Sarah Riley Campbell 2022 Taylor University

Searching For The Identity Of Neferneferuaten, Sarah Riley Campbell

Celebration of Scholarship 2022

Queen, King, ruler, mother, Great Royal Wife, Nefertiti, Semenkare. All of these names pertain to the question of the identity of the ruler, Neferneferuaten. Ankhkheperure Neferneferuaten was a pharaoh who reigned toward the end of the Amarna era during the Eighteenth Dynasty. The royal succession of this period is very unclear as well as the gender of said pharaoh. The epithet of the pharaoh’s name establishes, or at least suggests, that the ruler was female. However, this fact is widely contested. Due to the gender questioning and the lack of concrete information available about the ruler Neferneferuaten, many have ...


Redefining Gender Roles In Higher Education: Women At Gettysburg College During World War Ii, Addison E. Lomax 2022 Gettysburg College

Redefining Gender Roles In Higher Education: Women At Gettysburg College During World War Ii, Addison E. Lomax

Student Publications

Throughout the early 20th century, the role of American women began to change. The U.S. entrance into World War II and resulting draft provided women at institutions of higher education the opportunity to develop their place on college campuses. Through analyzing yearbooks, student publications, and personal testimonies, the case of Gettysburg College provides a lens to better understand the changing dynamics on college campuses during the war years. Although men remained on the campus of Gettysburg College during the war years, the changing dynamics of the College, both academically and socially, allowed women the opportunity to increase not only ...


Intersectional Silencing In The Archive: Salaria Kea And The Spanish Civil War, Kathryn Everly 2022 Syracuse University

Intersectional Silencing In The Archive: Salaria Kea And The Spanish Civil War, Kathryn Everly

Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics - All Scholarship

Salaria Kea was the only African American woman to serve with the American Medical Unit during the Spanish Civil War. Her experience has been silenced and edited within the archive by traditionally more authoritative voices. Reconsidering the impact of intersectionality on personal experience can lead to a better understanding of Black U.S. participation in voluntary war efforts as well as to a decentering of the predominant euro-centric versions of the war in Spain and of history in general. The impetus of many African Americans to join the fight against fascism in Spain stemmed directly from the Italian invasion of ...


The Woman Behind The Whitney, Breanna Epp 2022 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Woman Behind The Whitney, Breanna Epp

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney was the founder of the Whitney Museum of American Art, as well as a prominent sculptor and patron to artists in the early 1900s. Her art collection was the largest of American art at the time, and she led the nation into an appreciation of its own native art. Native in this context specifically means any art that was made in America, not strictly art made by the indigenous people of the Americas. Tackling her entire life, from growing up in the Vanderbilt family to her death, I provide an overview of her interactions with the art ...


Wear & Tear, Wymberley Davis 2022 Old Dominion University

Wear & Tear, Wymberley Davis

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Wear & Tear is a documentary poetics project acknowledging and addressing the systematic policing, silencing, violence, and stripping of self-expression that women have suffered at the hands of cultural, societal, religious, and sexist norms. Wear & Tear is a hybrid research project which draws together mass culture archives and uses heterogenous sources like advertisements and juxtapose these with excerpts from sacred texts which seek to proscribe and circumscribe women’s clothing choices. It models itself on archival works such as Theresa Hak Kyung Cha’s Dictee which works with image, language, and voice. My project presents a distinctly material cultural history of ...


Women In Politics, ONU Institute for Civics and Public Policy, Kennedy Aikey, Hailey Trimpey, Andrea Hoffman 2022 Ohio Northern University

Women In Politics, Onu Institute For Civics And Public Policy, Kennedy Aikey, Hailey Trimpey, Andrea Hoffman

Critical Questions

Just over a century ago, women were given the legal right to participate in politics by earning the right to vote. Up until that point, women found creative ways to participate in public affairs. A century later, however, women are still underrepresented among public officials. This can be traced back to two main reasons–aversion to electoral politics by women and voter bias. Nonetheless, many notable Ohio women have contributed to robust representation in public office.


Gendered Norms In Community-Based Engagement: Oral Histories Of The Women In The Elsinore Bennu Think Tank For Restorative Justice, Kathleen Burch 2022 Duquesne University

Gendered Norms In Community-Based Engagement: Oral Histories Of The Women In The Elsinore Bennu Think Tank For Restorative Justice, Kathleen Burch

Graduate Student Research Symposium

The state of the criminal justice system in the United States is one in need of repair. A local Pittsburgh group – the Elsinore Bennu Think Tank for Restorative Justice – challenges its members and the community to engage in restorative justice. The group comprises professors, returning citizens, police officers, and lawyers to initiate change through restorative justice in communities impacted by crime.

The Elsinore Bennu Think Tank for Restorative Justice (EBTT) Oral History Project at Duquesne University uses the methodology of oral history to gather stories of change, inspiration, and trauma from EBTT members. I will analyze the aural text of ...


Women’S Rights In Kenya Since Independence: The Complexities Of Kenya’S Legal System And The Opportunities Of Civic Engagement, Gail Presbey 2022 University of Detroit Mercy

Women’S Rights In Kenya Since Independence: The Complexities Of Kenya’S Legal System And The Opportunities Of Civic Engagement, Gail Presbey

The Journal of Social Encounters

Since Kenya gained independence from Britain in 1963, women’s rights in the country have made slow gains and suffered some setbacks. However, the rights of women and their guaranteed participation in politics was outlined in Kenya’s 2010 Constitution. This paper will survey some of those gains as well as describe the social backlash experienced by women leaders who have been trailblazers in post-colonial Kenyan politics.


Anti-Pornography Feminism, Kinktok, And Consent: What We Can Learn From The Sex Wars And Leather/Sadomasochistic History, Nic Cloyd 2022 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Anti-Pornography Feminism, Kinktok, And Consent: What We Can Learn From The Sex Wars And Leather/Sadomasochistic History, Nic Cloyd

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Sex education and LGBTQA+ history have long been censored and removed from curriculums across the United States. As this information has disappeared from our education systems, important values like consent and boundary setting have become increasingly obsolete despite the modern body autonomy movement. Leather and SM culture, which began post-WWII and reached their peak in the 1970s during the sexual liberation, have become increasingly important as their ethical and moral codes have been lost over time to the HIV/AIDs epidemic and censorship from second and third wave feminsism. Two prominent movements, anti-pornography and sex-work exclusionary radical feminism, have worked ...


The Impact Of Women On The Life And Legacy Of Mark Antony, Lauren E. Yaple 2022 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Impact Of Women On The Life And Legacy Of Mark Antony, Lauren E. Yaple

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Throughout the life of Mark Antony, the women he became involved with had a large impact on his political career, life, and legacy. These women, such as Fulvia and Cleopatra, used Antony as a means to achieve their own political, economic, and personal goals and were able to gain power in a very anti-feminist society through their relationships with and manipulations of him, affecting the career of Antony in many ways including his politics and his actions as a military commander, as showcased by the examination of primary sources from the late Roman Republic and early Roman empire periods. This ...


Bibliography For "Women Authors: A Display Of Books Authored/Edited By Women", Shahrzad Khosrowpour, Ruby Blakesleay, Isabella Piechota 2022 Chapman University

Bibliography For "Women Authors: A Display Of Books Authored/Edited By Women", Shahrzad Khosrowpour, Ruby Blakesleay, Isabella Piechota

Library Displays and Bibliographies

A bibliography created to accompany a display about women authors in March 2022 at the Leatherby Libraries at Chapman University.


Rio Grande Valley Women's History Poster Exhibit 2022, Shannon Pensa, UTRGV Special Collections & Archives 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Rio Grande Valley Women's History Poster Exhibit 2022, Shannon Pensa, Utrgv Special Collections & Archives

Library Display Posters

March is Women's History Month— a time to honor the historic achievements and contributions of women in the Rio Grande Valley.


Bibliography For "American Women’S Quarters Display", Ruby Blakesleay, Isabella Piechota 2022 Chapman University

Bibliography For "American Women’S Quarters Display", Ruby Blakesleay, Isabella Piechota

Library Displays and Bibliographies

A bibliography created to accompany a display about American Women's Quarters in March 2022 at the Leatherby Libraries at Chapman University.


“Hush Ma Cailín”: Irish Women And Egalitarian Nationalism, Velma Tomasova Lockman 2022 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

“Hush Ma Cailín”: Irish Women And Egalitarian Nationalism, Velma Tomasova Lockman

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

In October 1997, the members of the Army Executive of the Provisional Irish Republican Army who favored an end to the decades-long insurgency against British rule in the occupied six counties of Ireland outmaneuvered and forced the resignations of those who supported continuing the war. Among those forced to resign was the one woman on the Army Executive. She and her comrades would coalesce around Bernadette Sands McKevitt as the dissidents prepared to fight on under the banner of the Real Irish Republican Army while the majority of the insurgents laid down their arms. The Continuity Irish Republican Army simultaneously ...


Interview With Jenny Cavenaugh, Jennifer Jones Cavenaugh, Wenxian Zhang 2022 Rollins College

Interview With Jenny Cavenaugh, Jennifer Jones Cavenaugh, Wenxian Zhang

Oral Histories

Growing up in New York City, Jennifer Jones Cavenaugh earned her BA in Policy Studies from Dartmouth College in 1982, and her MFA in Dramaturgy from Brooklyn College in 1992. After receiving her PhD in Theater History and Dramatic Criticism from the University of Washington in 1995, she served as Assistant Professor of Theater at the University of Denver for three years before joining the faculty of the Louisiana State University, where she earned her tenure and was promoted to Associate Professor of Theater in 2003.

In 2005, Dr. Cavenaugh was named the Winifred Warden Endowed Chair of Theater at ...


Bastardy And The New Poor Law: Redefining The Undeserving, Bianca M. Serbin 2022 University of Pennsylvania

Bastardy And The New Poor Law: Redefining The Undeserving, Bianca M. Serbin

Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal

The English New Poor Law, enacted in 1834, signaled a new era of welfare in England, shedding the paternalistic provision of aid that was characteristic of the Old Poor Law. Existing scholarship positions the New Poor Law as an important landmark in the capitalist development of the English economy. This paper analyzes the text of the Bastardy Clause of the New Poor Law––which overturned the existing bastardy laws and said that mothers of illegitimate children could no longer receive aid from the parish––and contextualizes it as a major rethinking of charity in 19th century England. The debate ...


Reevaluating The Pension System: The Struggles Of Black Widows Following The Civil War, Samantha E. Carney 2022 Carnegie Mellon University

Reevaluating The Pension System: The Struggles Of Black Widows Following The Civil War, Samantha E. Carney

Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal

Following the Civil War, the United States government invested heavily in the U.S. Pension Bureau: a government agency that distributed monetary aid to wounded veterans. This paper discusses the impact of race and gender with regards to pensions in black communities, as evidenced by the pension files of the 34th Regiment of the South Carolina United States Colored Troops. In particular, it addresses the lack of education and documentation amongst black widows which was largely due to their enslavement, in concert with the inherent racist and sexist prejudice of white Special Examiners hired by the Pension Bureau. This ...


Sweetness And Femininity: Fashioning Gendered Appetite In The Victorian Age, Michael Krondl 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Sweetness And Femininity: Fashioning Gendered Appetite In The Victorian Age, Michael Krondl

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Since at least the nineteenth century sweetness and a preference for sweet foods has been linked to femininity. Western, middle-class women learned and reproduced normative gendered dietary behavior due to both private and public pressure to control their appetites and those of their children. In performing their gendered roles, they came to embody them through everyday rituals such as teatime. Sugary foods and drinks served as necessary props in these performances. Theorists, most prominently Jean-Jacques Rousseau, began to propose a linkage of sweet foods with femininity in the seventeen hundreds. In the following century, the medical profession explained women’s ...


A History Of The Center For The Study Of Women And Society, 1975–2015, Clarisa Gonzalez 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

A History Of The Center For The Study Of Women And Society, 1975–2015, Clarisa Gonzalez

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In the early 1970s, New York City was experiencing an extreme fiscal crisis, with a reported debt of at least $600 million. In CUNY, students were protesting admissions policies that favored the white middle class and hikes in tuition. At the same time, the women’s movement was in the midst of the “second wave,” focusing on women in the workplace and in education. It’s in the midst of these tumultuous times that the first motions to create what was then called the Center for the Study of Women and Sex Roles began in 1975 by Graduate Center faculty ...


Historical Sisters: Black Feminist Actions Across History And Literary Studies, Jazz A. Milligan 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Historical Sisters: Black Feminist Actions Across History And Literary Studies, Jazz A. Milligan

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis seeks to understand how the actions of Black women from the past have inspired the modern Black female literary movement. This thesis focuses on three historical women: Phillis Wheatley, Elizabeth Freeman, and Cathay Williams, and their literary sisters: bell hooks, Barbara Smith, and Patricia Hill Collins. By viewing the lives of these historical women through a modern-day lens, we can understand how their actions created a ripple effect that Black women are still discussing today. Black feminism did not start in a vacuum, and the actions of everyday Black women have pushed us forward to being more accepting ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress